Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem by gjjur4356

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									    Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




Scripture Reading

  Revelation 1
              Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




    Advise given when I started
             ministry:

  “A preacher should never preach
from the book of Revelation until he
or she has been in ministry for 20 +
               years.”
           Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




“Only the persecuted church can
  rightly interpret the book of
           Revelation.”
               Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




The book of revelation raises loads of
             questions:

 What‟s with all the crazy images?
   Are we to read it literally or
           figuratively?
How do we read the many numbers
           in the book?
              Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




There are so many difficulties in the
              book.

There are so many different [often
opposite] ways of interpreting this
              book.
             Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




  We have said that each type of
  biblical literature needs to be
    interpreted different tools
    appropriate to the genre.

Before we look at the genre, let us
ask some of the basic questions we
 have asked of other parts of the
              Bible.
              Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




1. Who is the author?

2. Who were the recipients or
   original hearers?

3. What was the historical and
   cultural context?
              Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




               Author:
          John, the apostle
-Pastor of the churches in Asia Minor

            Recipients:
   -The 7 churches in Asia minor
            Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




        Historical Context:
-Believed to have been written 96
 AD, during the reign of Domitian
- Domitian was insecure and made
       all subjects proclaim:
          “Caesar is Lord.”
          and worship him
           Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




   John refused to do that.
   Only Jesus was his Lord.

So John was tried for “atheism”
and sent to the penal island of
           Patmos.
     -Work prison camp.
                Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




The churches in Asia were also faced
      with this same choice:

  Declare “Caesar is Lord” or “Jesus is
                 Lord.”

  They were facing the increasing
          persecution.
                    Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




Genre of Revelation: Hybrid of 3 genres:
1.Letter/Epistle
    “John, To the seven churches in the province of
        Asia: Grace and peace to you …” 1:4
    -   hence: need to focus on author, recipient
        and context
    -   Can only understand it if we understand it as
        the first hearers
                    Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




Genre of Revelation: Hybrid of 3 genres:
1.Prophecy
    “Blessed is the one who reads the words of this
         prophecy, and blessed are those who hear it
         and take to heart what is written in it,
         because the time is near.” Rev.1:3
    -    Prophecy is not just “for-telling” the future.
    -    Prophecy is also “forth-telling” God‟s Word in
         the present context.
    -    “Telling forth” bringing a Word of God to the
         present lives of his people.
                    Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




 Genre of Revelation: Hybrid of 3 genres:
3. Apocalyptic
    “The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God
        gave him to show his servants what
        must soon take place. ” Rev.1:1
    -    Revelation = “Apocalyptic”
    -    “Apocalyptic” = ?
         “Unveiling” “Revealing” “Lifting the Lid”
        “Write, therefore, what you have seen,
            what is now and what will take place
            later.” Rev.1:8
              Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




 Some characteristics of Apocalyptic
              Literature:
1.Written during times of oppression
2.Given as visions and dreams
3.People portrayed as animals
4.Highly symbolic - #‟s & colours
5.Gives broader perspective on
present reality
                  Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




              Darrell Johnson:
 “Apocalyptic seeks to do two things:
   first, it seeks to set the present in
   light of the unseen realities of the
                  future.
 For if we know what the future holds
it determines the choices we make of
  the present.” Discipleship on the Edge, p. 26
                     Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




             Darrell Johnson:
“Second, and more importantly, it seeks
to set the present in light of the invisible
          realities of the present.
      The fundamental conviction of
        apocalyptic literature is that
      „things are not as they seem‟;
 there is more to reality than meets the
unaided eyes or ears” Discipleship on the Edge, p. 26
                   Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




          Darrell Johnson:
 “And apocalyptic writing seeks to
  unveil that unseen reality of he
present, to pull back the curtain on
the present so that we see what is
really going on.” Discipleship on the Edge, p. 26
                 Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




   So John, the pastor to these churches
facing persecution and death, is seeking to
 strengthen his flock with this “unveiling”


    Things are not as they seem.

Caesar seems all powerful and in control.

 But things are not as they seem.
               Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




This is the “revelation” [unveiling] of
                Jesus.

Let us look at how Jesus is portrayed
     here in the opening chapter.
               Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




                 1:4-5:
 “Grace and peace to you from him
who is, and who was, and who is to
  come, and from the seven spirits
[seven-fold spirit] before his throne,
 5and from Jesus Christ, who is the
 faithful witness, the firstborn from
the dead, and the ruler of the kings
             of the earth.”
              Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




                1:5-6:
 “To him who loves us and has freed
 us from our sins by his blood, 6and
  has made us to be a kingdom and
priests to serve his God and Father—
 to him be glory and power for ever
          and ever! Amen. ”
              Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




                 1:7:
“Look, he is coming with the clouds,
  
    and every eye will see him,
  
 even those who pierced him;

    and all the peoples of the earth
will mourn because of him. So shall
            it be! Amen.”
                   Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




                    1:12-16:
    “And when I turned I saw seven golden
 lampstands, and among the lampstands was
someone "like a son of man, dressed in a robe
  reaching down to his feet and with a golden
sash around his chest. His head and hair were
white like wool, as white as snow, and his eyes
were like blazing fire. His feet were like bronze
glowing in a furnace, and his voice was like the
 sound of rushing waters. In his right hand he
held seven stars, and out of his mouth came a
 sharp double-edged sword. His face was like
      the sun shining in all its brilliance.”
                Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




                1:17-19:
  “When I saw him, I fell at his feet as
 though dead. Then he placed his right
hand on me and said: "Do not be afraid.
  I am the First and the Last. I am the
  Living One; I was dead, and behold I
 am alive for ever and ever! And I hold
  the keys of death and Hades. „Write,
therefore, what you have seen, what is
  now and what will take place later.‟”
            Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




What do you think Pastor John is
      telling his people?

 Things are not as they seem.
              Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




Darrell Johnson tells this story:

About some seminarians and a
          janitor


     Discipleship on the Edge, p. 20
          Revelation – Things are Not As They Seem




Thing are not as they seem!

								
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