Jnana Yoga - Yoga For The Intelligent
Jnana means the knowledge. This yoga is the yoga for the intelligent and selected people. This yoga is the ultimate goal of all the other varieties of
yoga. This yoga teaches you to look at the world as it is without any ignorance and bias. You can achieve this state by practicing rigorous mental
discipline and virtue. This yoga is also called Raja Yoga or the king of all the yogas, since it is of the highest variety and rules over all the other
varieties. This is the Yoga that Patanjali has described in his Yoga Sutras.
This yoga is made up of eight parts of which five are external and the other three are internal. Two of its parts viz yama and niyama deal with types of
behaviour that the student of yoga should avoid like lying, cheating, stealing etc and those behaviours that he should cultivate like cleanliness,
non-collection etc. Asanas and Pranayama are the next two parts of this yoga. Asanas are the physical movements that help in developing the
suppleness of the body and thus cure any diseases. You can control your breath by using pranayama which increases the capacity of the lungs to take
in the air and thus increase the vitality of the body. The next part Pratyahara denotes the withdrawal of the sense organs from the objects of
enjoyment. The remaining three parts deal with the intense mental concentration.
Patanjali maintained that practicing these eight parts of yoga faithfully and intensely will over a period of time erase all the impurities of the body and
mind and thus attain knowledge that will liberate the person from the bondage and ignorance. This yoga is called Ashtanga Yoga since it is made of
eight parts. It is also called as Dhyana yoga due to its stress on mental concentration. Hence whenever there is any mention of yoga, it is usually
implied that the person is talking about Jnana Yoga.
About the Author
Kevin Pederson is the webmaster of Yogawiz (http://www.yogawiz.com) that provides loads of information on basics of yoga, yoga bags, office yoga,
asanas and poses that aim towards harmonizing your mind, body and soul. Jnana Yoga is the science of knowledge and helps one unite with the