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					Accreditation, Authenticity
           and
  The Vertical Sandwich


 ECLO CONFERENCE

 Dublin
 May, 2004



             Ray Coughlan
             Head
             Department of Education Development (DEIS)
             Cork Institute of Technology
Knowledge-based Society - some implications
• information is readily and globally accessible

• the dynamics of change are so rapid that traditional methods of
  training and education will be found wanting

• discipline-based knowledge will be inadequate to prepare for living in
  modern communities and workplaces

• learning will need increasingly to be aligned with day-to-day activities

• modern organisational structures will require flexible learning
  practices

• there is a need for immediacy of learning and constant access to
  learning resources and support.
                   Presentation


•   Education, Learning, the Workplace & Society
•   Shifting Models and Paradigms
•   Sandwiches in the Workplace
•   Partnership
•   Learned Workers and Authentic Tasks
•   Learning Measured and Due Credit Gained
•   Some Small Steps
      Higher Education - Purposes




Competence     Capability      Creativity




                                      Barnett 1994
    Learning

    • Formal
  • Non-formal
   • Informal

    • Lifelong
 • Cradle to grave
    • Lifewide
• Complementarity
               EU Memo on Lifelong Learning 2000
     Learning

   • Constructive
    • Cumulative
  • Self-regulated
    • Intentional
      • Situated
  • Collaborative

• Knowledge building
 • Meaning Building    de Corte 1993
               Learner Centring

              • Cannot teach others
    • Learn to maintain/enhance stucture of self
• Threatening experience may be denied resisted or
                      distorted
 • Experience which is inconsistent is accomodated
                 when self expanded
   • Learning is enhanced by environment which
                   minimises threat
                                            Rogers 1951
           Models, Paradigms



Pedagogy       Andragogy         Heutagogy


Teacher       Principles       Self-determined
centred    of adult learning       learning
                     Heutagogy

‘The heutagogical approach can encompass informal
  learning, where the individual person has not
  identified a learning need but only the potential to
  learn from each novel experience as a matter of
  course, recognising the opportunity to act and
  reflect on the action to see how it challenges,
  disconfirms or supports existing values and
  assumptions’
                                             Hase & Keynon 2000
                    Heutagogy

• goes beyond the valuing of experience and
  interaction with others and beyond problem
  solving
• endows the learner with the capacity to act
  proactively on the environment, to explore and
  learn from self-chosen and self-directed action
• is a recipe to move beyond the possible self-
  interest of the academic, beyond the interests of
  dominant institutions and beyond the status quo
  within society.
       Models, Paradigms - again


Competence     Capability          Creativity




Pedagogy       Andragogy           Heutagogy
 The Learned Worker




What does this mean ?
                    Sandwiches in the Workplace


     Educational Institution
      (Theory & Practical)

        Work Placement
         (Application)

     Educational Institution
      (Theory & Practical)




Figure 1 Traditional/Horizontal        Figure 2 Vertical
 HE and the Workplace – PALs ?

               • Needs
     • Competence, capabilty
             • Outcomes
• Levels, accreditation prograession
            • Curriculum
              • Delivery
              • Support
            • Assessment
           • Management
       • Evaluation/review
         PAL Programmes

• Firstline Management – Pharmachem
   – IPCMF
• Community Education Development
   – Four Programmes
   – CWEI
• Herbal Medicine Practitioners
   – Three Programmes
   – IAMH
• Environmental Management
   – CTC, IBEC
• SKILLNETS
   – Various
             Workplace Learners
•   Experienced
                       • Knowledge
•   Work/family
                       • Know-how/skill
•   Needs driven
                       • Competence
•   Specific needs
•   Immediacy
                       Work-based activity
                       Management
    Real world
                       Monitoring
    Situated
                       Assessment
    Authentic
                       Recognition
                       Evaluation/Review
     Delivery & Support

•   Work-based environment
•   Authentic activities
•   Collaborative processes
•   Project-based
•   Academic support
•   Workplace support
•   Teaching Methods
•   Training of teacher/trainers
    Assessment - the key

•   The real curriculum
•   Authentic learning
•   Evidence of learning
•   All Learning ?
•   Credits and Grades
•   Authentic Measurement
•   What about Heisenberg ?
•   The Learning Portfolio
Assessment/Recognition - Issues
     • Grades and credits
        • Validity
        • Reliability
        • Equity
        • Authenticity
     • Evidence
        • The Examination
        • The Portfolio
     • New Methods/Instruments
        • Objectivity
        • Subjectivity
        • Rubrics
  Some eLearning Pillars
  • Emerging technologies
    • Learning by doing
       • Interactivity
    • Peer collaboration
• Synchronous/asynchronous
       • Multi media
           • LMS
        • Simulation
        • Templates
      • Self-direction
     • Standardisation    Keegan 2001
     The ePortfolio
•   Competence
•   MI
•   E-environment
•   Media
•   Archiving
    – Evidence
    – Verification
    – Learning styles
    – Learning paths
    – Learner autonomy
          Some Small Steps
• Authentic learning space
      •   FP6 - elearning zones
      •   EPI
      •   SOLE
      •   SCALA
• Equal Access
      • FP6 Satellite/Wireless LAN
• Delivery,support
      •   Virtual Classroom
      •   Student support services
      •   Students with disability
      •   Methodology – BITE, NEWORKERS
      •   Learning materials - NUVOLA
• Assessment/Recognition
      • RAMIE
      • Portfolio - ADEPT
           Where to now ?


• Supported life-based learning
• Recognition for authentic learning

• Role of the technology
  – The comfortable enabler for all
    learners
Contact




           Ray Coughlan

          + 353 21 4921172
          rcoughlan@cit.ie

				
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