Nanotechnology Ppt with Ieee Format - PDF

Document Sample
Nanotechnology Ppt with Ieee Format - PDF Powered By Docstoc
					                                          NanoTx’07
                                       October 3rd, 2007



          NanoTechnology
           Business 101
                 Walt Trybula, Ph.D.
                  IEEE Fellow & SPIE Fellow

       Director, NANOMATERIALS APPLICATION CENTER
          at Texas State University-San Marcos, Texas

            Director, The Trybula Foundation, Inc.

www.nanotxstate.org                                  www.tryb.org
                     Walt’s Point of View
•   Researcher, Scientist and Technology Futurist
     – Over 25 years in leading-edge technology
     – Twelve years at GE; nine on Corporate Staff
     – Senior Fellow, SEMATECH, the first semiconductor consortium
     – Extensive experience driving emerging technologies
•   Nanotechnology Economic Development Strategist
     – Presentations at U.S. Congressional Nanotech Caucus and Senate Staff briefings
     – State of Texas sponsored efforts
          • Texas’ State Strategy on Advanced Technology, Texas Technology Initiative
          • Central Texas RCIC
          • Co-chair of both Nanotechnology and MEMS Committees
     – Working with Texas Chambers and Economic Development Operations
•   Emerging Nano Businesses Mentor
     – Expediting commercialization of NAC member products
     – Advisor to business regarding product strategy
     – Founder of Ivy Systems, Inc., and Director at start-up Compunetics, Inc.
          Objective of Presentation
A better understanding of Nanotechnology business requirements
• Collaborating with experts is required for success. To be successful,
   businesses need the expertise and resources to take advantage of
   the emerging technologies. Specialized knowledge, tools, and
   processes aren’t readily available, and equipment is expensive.
• Long term success will depend on four competencies: 1) the
   collective ability to evaluate technology trends; 2) the ability to
   assess key infrastructure liabilities; 3) a regional ability to
   collaborate effectively with multiple partners; and, 4) Individual
   organizations’ ability to identify the landscape of the industry, and
   understand its niche
• Funding can be obtained by well-planned and well-managed
   businesses, but you have to know where to look.
         Outline of Presentation

• Evaluating technology trends
   – An overview of select business opportunities
   – Transition from idea to product
• Assessing key infrastructure liabilities
   – Needs for nanotechnology businesses
• Collaborating with multiple partners
   – Why localities are interested in business development
• Case Study: A Look at Texas
   – Texas’ role in business development
   – The Texas ETF application process
              Technology Trends

• Evaluating technology trends
   – An overview of select business opportunities
   – Transition from idea to product
• Assessing key infrastructure liabilities
   – Needs for nanotechnology businesses
• Collaborating with multiple partners
   – Why localities are interested in business development
• Case Study: A Look at Texas
   – Texas’ role in business development
   – The Texas ETF application process
      Evaluating Technology Trends
            Example Format
Topic:                                    Issues:
A picture or description is employed      A short listing of some of the issues
to indicate the device or structure       that are inhibiting the application of
being described                           the specific example and will typically
                                          include an indication of the sizes
                                          involved

Potential Solutions:                      Benefits:
This list contains actions that must be   This list indicates some of the
continued/started to develop the          advantages of developing products
specific example to either a concept      that will employ the device or
feasibility state or a production         structure described
worthy state
                  Transistor Evolution
 Future: 15 years
Non-classical CMOS                           Issues:
                     source
                                             • Sizes under 20nm
                                             • Manufacturing capability
                              Gate
                                             • Developing theoretical understanding
                                             • Experimental data
                                             • Radical change from experience
                                     drain




                      Beyond CMOS
 Potential Solutions:                        Benefits:
 • Continued research and development        • Continue on with existing devices
 • Develop understanding of operational      • Extension of Moore’s Law
    characteristics                          • Existing infrastructure continues to
 • Industry/academia involvement in             support the industry
    materials and functionality
    evaluations
                What is the Infrastructure?
• For Semiconductors – Lithography
    –   Exposure tools (create images)
    –   Mask (pattern for exposure tools)
    –   Resist (Form images on wafer)
    –   Metrology (measure/characterize images)                               Wire
    –   [each line above has a corresponding infrastructure]

• Mask Infrastructure Example
                                                                            Via


    –   Pattern Generator
    –   Mask Substrate Material
    –   Inspection Tools
    –   Repair Tools
           • Laser Repair
           • Focused Ion Beam (FIB) Repair
           • E-beam Repair                                     The “nano”
                                                                 region

  2 June 2003
      Development Interdependency

            The U.S. must possess every element of the “nano”
                        manufacturing infrastructure
Semiconductor Failure Example:
248nm Exposure Tool
       – Ready for production in 1991
       – Only reached production in 1995
• Why was there a 4 year delay?
       – Resists were not production worthy
       – Resulting in insufficient experience
       – Resulting in lack of willingness to take risks


     To be successful with technology introduction, the complete
     infrastructure must be ready at the beginning
2 June 2003 Presentation : Business and Economics of Nano
                   Quantum Dot Transistors
                                                     Issues:
                                                     • Primary designs require extremely low
                                                         temperatures
                                                     • Possible room-temperature designs
                                                         would require 10nm features
                                                     • Material fabrication is not on silicon


     Potential Solutions:                            Benefits:
     • New material solutions                        • Reduce number of transistors per
     • Improved III-V compound                          circuit function
        semiconductors                               • New opportunities for innovative
                                                        designs
                                                     • Enhanced security



Gated quantum wire in GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure 2DEG.
Prof. Gregory Spencer – Texas State University
                     Molecular Electronics




Konstantin Likharev, The Industrial Physicist, June/July 2003, p.20
       Changed Material Properties
                                          Issues:
                                          • Material properties change as the size
                                              of the material becomes smaller
              Melting point of Gold       • Majority of changes start to occur
                                              between 20nm and 10nm
                                          • Some material properties are known,
                                              many are not

Potential Solutions:                      Benefits:
• Quantify and classify the material      • Improve the time to develop nano
   properties in the range between bulk      based devices, due to eliminating the
   material properties and quantum           duplication of research efforts
   phenomena                              • Creation of new products based on
• Establish an effort to develop a           applying novel nano properties
   database of material properties with   Example: Creating gold conductors on
   contributions from researchers         material that melts below 500oC and
                                          produces enhanced flexible devices
                                       Nanowires
                                                           Issues:
                                                           • Research applications with
                                                               dimensions below 20nm
                                                           • Manufacturing processes rely on
                                                               fabrication in “forms”
                                                           • Large scale, ordered fabrication is not
                                                               available

Potential Solutions                                        Benefits:
• Development of new processes based                       • Unique electrical and optical
   on ongoing research                                        properties
• Additional efforts in related materials                  • Building units for devices
• Improved processes/equipment                             • Wire diameter change results in band
                                                              gap changes, which implies
                                                              customizable effects



Ray Solanki, Oregon Science and Health University, Feb.23, 2004 issue Applied Physics Letter
          Carbon Nano Tubes (CNT)
                                 Issues:
                                 • Production of Single Walled CNTs yield
                                     a mixture of types (dimensions to less
                                     than 1nm)
                                      • Metallic
                                      • Semiconductive
                                 • Separation of types is time consuming

                                 Benefits:
                                 • Novel electronic devices
                                 • High temperature applications
                                 • Improved microscopy


Potential Solutions
• Continue development efforts
                         Solar Cells (Organic)
                                                             Issues:
                                                             • Efficiencies
                                                             • Material development
                                                             • Manufacturing processes




Potential Solutions                                          Benefits:
• Development of organic plastics with                       • Low cost energy
   improved efficiency                                       • Inexpensive to manufacture yielding
• Development of adsorptive dyes                                to wide spread applications
• Flexible conductors
• Enhanced property covering material




Credit: Nicole Cappello and the Georgia Institute of Technology
                New Material Properties
                                                    Issues:
                                                    • Unanticipated properties are being
                                                        found in nano materials – Example:
                                                           •   Thirteen atoms of Silver have been
                                                               shown theoretically to be magnetic
                                                           •   Thirteen atoms of Platinum have
                                                               been experimentally shown to be
                                                               magnetic

 Potential Solutions:                               Benefits:
 • Quantify and classify the material               • Improve the time to develop nano
    properties in the range between bulk                based devices, due to eliminating the
    material properties and quantum                     duplication of research efforts
    phenomena                                       • Creation of new products based on
 • Establish a program to employ                        applying novel nano properties
    theoretical projections to verify               Example: The creation of new memory
    experimental data                               devices that are 100x more dense than
                                                    current technology
Silver properties reported May 30, 2006 in NanoTechWeb
Platinum experiments reported by University of Stuttgart
                                    Metrology
                                                  Issues:
                               Au dot structure   • Imaging realm is at limits of
                                      &               resolution, in the 1nm range
                              Nanowire Twinning
                                                  • Time per image is long >one hour
                                                  • Effective imaging applications require
                                                      multiple images in minutes or less


   Potential Solutions:                           Benefits:
   • New solutions for metrology                  • Improved resolution of material
   • Enhancements to equipment                       properties
   • New technologies                             • Capability to employ in manufacturing
                                                     processes
                                                  • If one can not measure something, it
                                                     can not be manufactured


Aberration Corrected HR-TEM
Korgel Group Si Nanowire
                Development of Ideas
          Development of Ideas
Ideas                    Transition from idea to product


                                Proof of
                                Concept
    Many Ideas
    Fewer Developments

                                      Diminishing
                                      Returns
                                                      Pre-Production
                   Inventions
                                              Prototypes   Product
                                                           Acceptance

                                                                  Production
                  Development of Ideas
            Development of Ideas
Ideas                         Skills required to develop products


                                    Proof of
                                    Concept
        Many Individuals
        Or Small Groups
                                          Skilled
                                          Researchers
                                          And Tools      Pre-Production
                       Inventions
                                                 Prototypes   Many
                                                              Skills

                                                                       Production
                  Development of Ideas
            Development of Ideas
Ideas                       Funding required to develop products


                                   Proof of
                                   Concept
    Self funded,
    Relatives and friends
                                         Investors
                                         Angels &
                                                  VCs    Pre-Production
                      Inventions
                                                 Prototypes   VCs &
                       The Valley                             Others

                       of Death                                        Production
           Research Challenges
Nano technology brings on new challenges
• Existing tools for investigations at the atomic level
  are expensive to acquire and maintain
• New research tools need to be developed to
  explore the nano realm
• Specialized facilities are required to maintain the
  cleanliness need for nano technology
• A new infrastructure might be required for the
  equipment yet-to-be-developed
          Education Challenges

Nano technology requires education and training in
  multiple fields for successful collaboration
• Combinations of chemistry, physics, engineering,
  biology, computer science, and many related
  disciplines are needed to fully understand the
  development of nano technology
• The development of the nano technology industry
  will require well educated technicians
• Scientific education needs to begin early in the
  learning process
  Business Opportunity Summary
• There are many opportunities to incorporate nano
  technologies into innovative products
• Fundamental research is required to understand the
  potential applications of the properties of nano
  materials
• Future high tech products will incorporate the
  advantages of nano-materials
• From the national interests, it is important for
  researchers to continue to push the understanding
  of nano technology
       Nano Technology Applications
Nano Technology Applications




1 - Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLEDs) for displays              2 - Photovoltaic film that converts light into electricity

3 - Scratch-proof coated windows that clean themselves with UV      4 - Fabrics coated to resist stains and control temperature

5 - Intelligent clothing measures pulse and respiration             6 - Bucky-tubeframe is light but very strong

7 - Hipjoint made from biocompatible materials                      8 - Nano-particle paint to prevent corrosion

9 - Thermo-chromic glass to regulate light                          10 - Magnetic layers for compact data memory

11 - Carbon nanotube fuel cells to power electronics and vehicles   12 - Nano-engineered cochlear implant



                                 Compiled by Jo Twist, BBC News On-Line, July 28, 2004
            Infrastructure Needs

• Evaluating technology trends
   – An overview of select business opportunities
   – Transition from idea to product
• Assessing key infrastructure liabilities
   – Needs for nanotechnology businesses
• Collaborating with multiple partners
   – Why localities are interested in business development
• Case Study: A Look at Texas
   – Texas’ role in business development
   – The Texas ETF application process
           NanoTech Opportunities
     NanoTech Opportunities
• Jobs
• Requirements
   – Skills
   – Education
• Local support
   – Tied to community colleges
   – Collaborative efforts with
     researchers
• Attracting businesses/
  start-ups
• Infrastructure
   – Availability
   – Competitors
          High Tech Wages

                Technology Wages
                                         Overall

$70,000

$60,000                                  Federal Government

$50,000

$40,000                                  Telecommunications

$30,000

$20,000                                  Navigational Measuring
                                         & Control Instruments
$10,000                                  Manuf.
    $0                                   Semiconductor & other
           Electronic Sectors            electroninc
                                         manufacturing

             (www.bls.gov/oco/ocos112)
             NanoTech Opportunities
       NanoTech Opportunities
Jobs
• Most of the initial jobs in nanotechnology are those that
  require significant education
   –   Scientists
   –   Doctors
   –   Researchers
   –   Engineers
   –   Technicians
• However, all companies require supporting personnel to
  perform the administrative and clerical duties
• As manufacturing develops, there will be more requirements
  for people with specialized training, like that which can be
  obtained at community colleges
           NanoTech Opportunities
     NanoTech Opportunities

• Once into manufacturing, the challenges for
  producing quality product will be the responsibility
  of the people running the processes. These skill
  requirements will not be the Ph.D., M.D., or even
  Master’s level education
   – Skills
      • Being able to understand the terminology
      • Being able to follow guidelines
      • Troubleshooting the processes
   – Education
      • A college degree will always be beneficial
      • Specialized training at a community college will be a must
      • Continued learning is required
            NanoTech Opportunities
      NanoTech Opportunities
Local support
• Tie to community colleges
   – Community colleges can develop programs to meet local
     requirements
   – Normally, the development of specialized programs starts early in
     the process and well before the graduates are needed
• Collaborative efforts with researchers
   – Nanotechnology is a different type of industry, because the key items
     for developing, measuring, and producing products are too
     expensive to be available to the typical start-up (There are few
     people with a scanning electron microscope in their garage!)
   – Collaborating with researchers at local universities/institutes can
     provide an efficient means of developing new ideas
            NanoTech Opportunities
      NanoTech Opportunities
Localities attracting businesses/start-ups
• There are numerous means of attracting businesses
  including:
   – Tax incentives
   – Facilities at reduced rentals
   – Workforce training programs

• Start-ups have slightly different requirements including:
   – Facilities for small companies including Incubators
   – Contacts with people who can help them understand the
     requirements of a business
   – Support groups in the community
   – Similar companies in the start up phase
           NanoTech Opportunities
      NanoTech Opportunities
Infrastructure
• Availability
   – Facilities for operation/manufacturing.
   – Workforce development/availability
   – Collaborative opportunities with researchers, especially at
     universities or institutes
   – Skills/experience in the specific area
   – Supplier community presence

• Competitors/related companies
   – Organizations in related fields are a positive influence
   – Direct competitors, especially if both are start-ups, provides some
     negative incentive.
   – Successful start-ups can provide guidance
                        Nano Everywhere
                   Nano Everywhere

• There are hundreds of available consumer products being
  spawned as companies manipulate matter at the atomic
  level, according to The Project on Emerging
  Nanotechnologies, a Washington, D.C. initiative associated
  with the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.
• The group released a products inventory containing
  descriptions of more than 5001 consumer goods purportedly
  made with some type of nanotech process or nanomaterial.
• Link to Nanotechnology Consumer Products Inventory -
   http://www.nanotechproject.org/index.php?id=44&action=view

1 August   2007 data
                                        Nano Opportunities
                               Nano Opportunities
   High
Physical Size Specifications
Physical Size Specifications          Low Volume                   Under
                                                                Development
                                       Expensive
                                                               Very Expensive
                                     Ag for specific
                                          apps                   Prosthetics

                                     Mass produced             Mass produced
                                        Relatively                   Relatively
                                       Inexpensive                   Expensive
                                       CNT, fibers            Semiconductors
Low
                               Low                 Increasing cost                High
       Strategic Collaborations
• Technology
• Manufacturing Issues
   –   Controlling material
   –   Health and Safety
   –   Environment
   –   Governing agencies
• Facilities
   –   Metrology (measurement)
   –   Equipment
   –   Cleanroom
   –   Wet-lab
• Intellectual Property
               Strategic Collaborations
       Strategic Collaborations

• Technology
• Manufacturing Issues
   –   Controlling material
   –   Health and Safety
   –   Environment
   –   Governing agencies
• Facilities
   –   Metrology                 (measurement)
   –   Equipment
   –   Cleanroom
   –   Wet-lab
• Intellectual Property
               Strategic Collaborations
       Strategic Collaborations
Technology
• The basic foundation of the business is the technology.
  There are many places that can be of assistance
• However, do not discuss any of the technology plans without
  a Non-Disclosure Agreements (NDA) in place prior to any
  conversations
• It is necessary to understand the areas that have patents
  issued as well as the areas of research as disclosed in
  professional publications
• Develop a 20 second explanation of why this
  nanotechnology is superior/unique to anything else
• Continuously evaluate the latest publications
             Strategic Collaborations
      Strategic Collaborations
• Manufacturing Issues
  –   Controlling material
  –   Health and Safety
  –   Environment
  –   Governing
      agencies
               Strategic Collaborations
       Strategic Collaborations
• Manufacturing Issues
  – Controlling material
     • Nano related materials are being
       scrutinized more closely and
       require strong control of any materials
     • Controlled and Locked storage may
       be a necessity
     • Disposal of material needs to                  comply with
       all guidelines and                      laws
     • Training is needed for anyone                  who may
       handle the material
     • Documentation is required for                   all
       processes and applications
             Strategic Collaborations
      Strategic Collaborations
• Manufacturing Issues
  – Controlling material
  – Health and Safety
     • This is becoming the number one
       concern of governments
     • Anticipate government
       regulations on the use or
       application of nano materials
     • Develop response procedures for
       any incidents
     • Ensure proper training of
       personnel
        Strategic Collaborations
Strategic Collaborations
              • Manufacturing Issues
                – Controlling material
                – Health and Safety
                – Environment
                    • Government regulations will
                      be coming
                    • Local regulations are already
                      happening (Berkeley,
                      California)
                    • International concern is being
                      reflected in strong
                      governmental actions
                    • Specific particles are being
                      restricted (silver nano
                      particles)
                Strategic Collaborations
         Strategic Collaborations
• Manufacturing Issues
  – Controlling material
  – Health and Safety
  – Environment
  – Governing agencies
      • There are many organizations that are involved including the
        Environmental Protection Agency at the national level
      • The National Institutes of Health are investigating the impact of nano
        technology
      • Local government agencies related to the environment, work safety,
        and training are interested and investigating the impact of nano.
                Strategic Collaborations
        Strategic Collaborations
• Facilities
   –   Metrology (measurement)
   –   Equipment
   –   Cleanroom
   –   Wet-lab
               Strategic Collaborations
       Strategic Collaborations
• Facilities
   – Metrology (measurement)
      • In order to be able to manufacture a product/device, its
        measurement must be accomplished
      • In the nano realm, scanning electron microscopes (SEMs),
        transmission electron microscopes (TEMs), and Atomic Force
        Microscopes (SFMs) may be required
      • Characterization equipment is needed to evaluate and determine the
        material properties and can range from being able to determine
        material strength to identification and quantifying molecular
        structures
      • Working relationships with universities, community colleges, and
        research institutes can provide reasonable access to the needed
        equipment.
      • Researchers who are interested in specific areas can be a significant
        help
              Strategic Collaborations
       Strategic Collaborations
• Facilities
   – Metrology (measurement)
   – Equipment
      • Specialized equipment is not readily
        available for experimentation
      • Working with academic researchers can
        provide access to the needed equipment.
      • Many types of equipment require a
        specialized environment
      • Safety precautions must be maintained
      • Small Equipment prototypes may not
        function similarly to high volume
        manufacturing equipment
               Strategic Collaborations
       Strategic Collaborations
• Facilities
   – Metrology (measurement)
   – Equipment
   – Cleanroom
      • Dust, dirt, and normal atmospheric particles are large enough to destroy
        nano devices during manufacturing
      • Cleanrooms come in various categories of cleanliness and are rated by
        the number of 1 micron particles per cubic meter.
      • Equipment may have its own controlled environment, but the material
        needs to be transported between various pieces of equipment.
      • The controlled environment covers all aspects of the potential source of
        contamination including people, equipment, storage, and transportation
      • Personnel protection is both ways – for the people to be protected and
        for the devices to be protected
                Strategic Collaborations
         Strategic Collaborations

• Facilities
   –   Metrology (measurement)
   –   Equipment
   –   Cleanroom
   –   Wetlab
        • This term is employed to reference processes that
          involve chemical or biological applications
        • Not only does the environment during manufacturing need to be
          controlled, but the residue from these processes must be captured,
          controlled, and properly disposed
        • Strict safety precautions must be maintained to protect the workers
        • Containing any process residue is required to contain any impact on the
          environment
             Strategic Collaborations
      Strategic Collaborations

Intellectual Property (IP)
• This is the key for a successful company. Without control of
  the IP, success is not guaranteed
• Not all research institutes have the
  same policy, so it is important to
  understand the IP restrictions
  on any agreement
• Ensure that Non-Disclosure Agreements
   are properly executed before any
   disclosures of ideas are made
                  Collaboration

• Evaluating technology trends
   – An overview of select business opportunities
   – Transition from idea to product
• Assessing key infrastructure liabilities
   – Needs for nanotechnology businesses
• Collaborating with multiple partners
   – Why localities are interested in business development
• Case Study: A Look at Texas
   – Texas’ role in business development
   – The Texas ETF application process
         Why Economic Development?
       Localities are interested

Economic Development
•   Attract new businesses
•   Retain existing companies
•   Supplement declining/stagnant companies
•   Improve the quality of life

Note:
    Small companies provide the largest percentage of new jobs!
    Business retention accounts for 85% of jobs created
  Eco DevEco Dev at the Local Level
          at the Local Level
• Definitions
  – What is economic development
  – Why is it required
• Local support
  – Chamber of
    Commerce
  – Economic
    Development Office
  – Professional
    organizations
  – Associations
                    Economic Development
     Economic Development

• Economic Development is the implementation of a
  strategy to promote growth of a community, a
  state, a region, and a country (through innovation)
  in order to improve the quality of life

• Many people focus on the term innovation as
  requiring the latest technologies

• Innovation can be considered something as simple
  as a change in established practices
            Economic Development
      Economic Development
1. The Goal: Growth in the community,
   increases in high performance jobs,
   improvement in the quality of living
2. The Goal: Improvement in the quality of
   living, maintaining the community life-style,
   keeping families in the locale
  Two very different requirements, but they have many commonalities
           Economic Development
     Economic Development

• Change is inevitable and failure to change
  leaves communities behind
• Change is difficult and uncomfortable
• Survival strategies normally are NOT
• Growth strategies are the only means of
  having a possibility of staying relevant in the
  future
                  Local Support
            Local Support

Support is available from various sources:
• Chamber of Commerce
• Economic Development Office
• Professional Organizations
• Associations
                      Local Support
                Local Support
Chamber of Commerce

 The Chamber’s mission is to promote the growth of
 businesses and to recruit new businesses to locate in the
 community, which requires skilled people, jobs for the
 existing workforce, and residences for the incoming people

 In smaller areas, a number of towns may have a common
 regional chamber

 The Chamber is a source of contacts for local funding,
 technical contacts, will provide contacts at the state level for
 support, and can also match businesses with interested local
 people
                      Local Support
                Local Support

Professional Organizations

• There are many professions organizations that can be
  accessed for aid and direction. These organizations are
  normally directed along lines of similar business/technology
  interests. Among the organizations are:
   – Local chapters of technical societies (with monthly
     meetings)
   – Business leader organizations (sometimes meeting
     monthly for a breakfast)
   – Technology council meetings (larger cities)
   – National organizations like the retired businessman
     association
               Local Local Support
                     Support

Associations

• Associations are groups of people who have
  common interests in promoting businesses. These
  people are more focused on the business aspects of
  a company or the development of the general
  community well being and include:
   – The Rotary Club
   – Kiwanis
• Being involved in any of these efforts benefits the
  community and opens up numerous contacts
              Technology Trends

• Evaluating technology trends
   – An overview of select business opportunities
   – Transition from idea to product
• Assessing key infrastructure liabilities
   – Needs for nanotechnology businesses
• Collaborating with multiple partners
   – Why localities are interested in business development
• Case Study: A Look at Texas
   – Texas’ role in business development
   – The Texas ETF application process
                State of Texas Role
         State of Texas’ Role

• Texas Technology Initiative
  – Texas Strategy on Advanced Technology
     • Six Cluster Industries
     • Six Key Technologies
• Enterprise Fund
  – Bringing business to Texas
• Emerging Technology
  Fund
  – Investments
  – Grants
  – Research Superiority
                         Texas Technology Initiative
    Texas Technology Initiative
• A long-term economic development strategy to retain and
  attract advanced technology industries, coordinate
  advanced technology activities throughout the state, and
  accelerate commercialization from R&D to the marketplace
  to drive new business development in the state
• Reason for the TTI:
   – Global competition for these advanced technology industries is
     unparalleled. Already governments in key U.S. states, Asia, and
     Europe have implemented strategies to capture leadership in
     advanced technology research, development, design,
     commercialization, and manufacturing by offering unprecedented
     aggressive regional incentives to attract businesses



                                 www.txti.org
           TTI the Innovation Ecosystem
      TTI and and the Innovation Ecosystem
Citizen-Consumers                                                                                                                          Nanotechnology


                       Defense & Education & Information Health Science & Housing & Energy Transportation                                   Biotechnology
National Drivers       Homeland   Workforce                     Exploration Food                                                             Information
US/State Government     Security                                                                                                             Technology

                      Industrial Controls             Telecomm          Medical Equipment            Fuel Cells
                                       IT - Hardware             Pharmaceuticals                                  Nano / Microrobotics
 Industries                       IT - Software                  Genomics                         Sensors
                             IT - Services                                    Environment                            Nano / Microsystems
                                              Nanoelectronics
                      Products

                             Internet
Integrated                                                                  Genomic/Genetic         Energy           NEMS / MEMS
                                                        Biosystems
Technology                   Electronic Systems                               Engineering          Generation
                       Wireless
                                                         Man-Machine                                                 Nanotechnology
                                Semiconductor                                                 Energy Distribution
“Engineering”                                             Interface
                                                                                                  & Storage
                        Software
                                                                       Biotechnology
                                                                                        Biomaterials
                                                                                                                  Advanced Materials


                                Circuits
Basic Tech.                                           Bioinformatics               Biomedical
Applied Science
                                                                                                                    Superconductivity      Technology
                                                                                                                                           Innovation
                          Computer                                                                     Materials
                                                                       Molecular
“Invention”                Science              Molecular
                                                                        Biology         Nanopatterning                Photonics &
                                                Computing
                                                                                    Self-Assembly
                                                                                                            Metrology Magnetics               Zone
Basic Science                              Math                  Biology               Chemistry                  Physics
 “Discovery”
                                                                                                                    Courtesy of SEMATECH and TTI effort
                   State of Texas Role
            State of Texas Role
The Texas Technology Initiative (TTI) was developed
  to identify the needs of the key Texas industries and
  the related technologies. The Texas Workforce
  Commission (TWC) formed investigative teams
  (Cluster Working Groups) to evaluate the key
  industry groupings throughout Texas
• Six Cluster Industries
   –   Advanced Technologies and Manufacturing
   –   Aerospace and Defense
   –   Biotechnology and Life Sciences
   –   Energy
   –   Information and Computer Technology
   –   Petroleum Refining and Chemical Products
                            www.txti.org
            Texas Technology Initiative
    Texas Technology Initiative
• Established technology platform for economic
  development
• Built a base of informed local, regional, and state
  leaders
• Texas legislature created Texas Enterprise Fund and
  economic development capability within Governor’s
  office
   – Gained new level of awareness within community and state
     economic developers on major advanced technology
     opportunities

                            www.txti.org
         Texas Technology Initiative
  Texas Technology Initiative

• Formed The Academy of Medicine, Engineering &
  Science of Texas [TAMEST]
• Funded UT-Dallas and supported TI 300mm fab
  announcement
• Funded SEMATECH
  State Strategy on Adv.
  StateStrategy on Adv. Tech Tech
    The SSAT served as a liaison between the various industry clusters
    in matters related to advanced technology – helping to identify
    synergies, common needs, and/or gaps in capabilities

Complements
     the
  Industry
   Clusters




                             www.txti.org/ssat.htm
       The Texas Enterprise Fund
The Texas Enterprise Fund

 The Texas Enterprise Fund is a business incentive
fund that was created by legislation in 2003. The
fund, which had an initial $295 million investment,
is used for insuring the growth of Texas business.
One of Texas’ most competitive recruitment tools,
these funds are used primarily to attract new
business to the state or assist with the substantial
expansion of an existing business as part of a
competitive recruitment situation. The economy of
Texas has seen large amounts of growth in new
jobs, industries, and the expansion of businesses,
since the fund was created.
          The Texas Enterprise Fund
   The Texas Enterprise Fund

• The 78th Texas Legislature established the Texas
  Enterprise Fund to provide financial resources to
  help strengthen the state’s economy. The Enterprise
  Fund can be used for economic development,
  infrastructure development, community
  development, and business incentives
• The Governor, Lt. Governor and Speaker must
  unanimously agree to support the use of the Texas
  Enterprise Fund for each specific project
    Emerging Technology Fund
Emerging Technology Fund
Passed by the 2005 Texas Legislature and
signed into law by the governor of Texas. The
bill allocated $200M for the Emerging
Technology Fund (ETF), which has been
replenished to $185M and the distribution
modified in 2007 as indicated below:
– $129.5 million is reserved to Regional Centers of Innovation and
  Commercialization project activity – Type D
– $18.5 million is reserved for emerging technology grant matching –
  Type E
– $37 million is reserved for acquisition of research superiority – Type F
            From Governor Perry’s Information release (2005)
         Regional Centers
    Regional Centers Awards
• World class research & development
  capabilities
  – The critical enabler in accelerating innovation
  – Lead-edge equipment and fabrication
    infrastructure
  – Cost of technology development is becoming
    prohibitive, e.g.,
     • Leading edge semiconductor exposure equipment
       (lithography tools) are currently $40,000,000 each
     • Leading edge electron microscopy systems are in excess
       of $10,000,000
                             Regional Centers
    Regional Centers Awards

• Integrated advanced technology centers
  – State-of-the-art processing/characterization equipment
  – Advanced technology labs for next-generation R&D
    throughout supply chain
     • Design, equipment, and materials
  – Comprises multiple leading-edge sites in Texas
     • Coordinated with Industry Clusters
     • ATDF and key university and industry R&D labs
     • Recruiting emerging technology labs and processing sites
EmergingEmerging Technology Grants
         Technology Awards

• The Emerging Technology Funds Research Awards Matching
  Program is to allow the state to leverage research funds from
  outside the state of Texas that contribute toward the growth
  of our emerging-technology economy
• The priority for the ETF Research Matching Funds is to
  support emerging-technology research and development
  activities that are directed toward the creation of a
  commercializable product
• Preference is given to research activities that include higher
  education institutions in collaboration with private entities.
  Collaboration among multiple universities and private
  entities is encouraged
      Research Superiority Grants
 Research Superiority Grants

• Shall be used to acquire new or enhanced existing
  research superiority (talent) at public institutions of
  higher education in this state
• The ETF committee shall solicit and identify
  proposals by public institutions of higher education
  for:
   – Creating new research superiority
   – Attracting existing research superiority from institutions
     not located in this state
   – Enhancing existing research superiority by attracting from
     outside this state additional researchers and resources
       Research Superiority Grants
 Research Superiority Grants

• Priority shall be given to Research Superiority Acquisition of
  Talent proposals that:
   – Involve scientific or technical fields that have a reasonable
     probability of enhancing this state's national and global economic
     competitiveness
   – May result in a medical or scientific breakthrough
   – Are interdisciplinary
   – Have attracted or may attract federal and other funding for research
     superiority
   – Are likely to create a nationally or internationally recognized locus of
     research superiority
• All applications must be sponsored by the applicant's
  president and the board of regents chairperson
           Understanding Process
    Understanding the the Process

•   Involve local people
•   Angels and Venture Capital funding
•   RCICs
•   Business and Technical people
•   Advice from RCIC members
•   Requirements for support
•   Forms
         Understanding Process
  Understanding the the Process

Involve local people
• Any new business will need to be integrated with
  the community
• Meet with local officials
   – The mayor, elected officials of the city council, officials of
     the county
   – The economic development organization may be separate
     from the city or county government and needs to be
     approached
   – Obtain introductions to the local finance people, and get
     to know them well
         Understanding Process
  Understanding the the Process

Angels and Venture Capital funding
• Most stages of funding involve
   – Bootstrapping
      • Employing your own funds
      • Borrowing from relatives
      • Maxing out credit limits
   – Angel funding
      • Angel networks provide initial levels of funding that provide a
        business to move its concepts from the early experimental phase
        to a working/demostratable product
   – Venture Capital funding
      • VC funding is for moving businesses from the demonstration
        version of the product to the mass produced version that can
        provide significant income to the company
          Understanding Process
   Understanding the the process
RCIC’s Mission (Central Texas)
• Cultivates collaboration between technology companies and researchers
  and the investment community
• Identifies technologies within research institutions or companies that
  have market potential and could generate significant economic growth in
  Texas
• Facilitates incubation and other services that accelerate the
  commercialization process
• Acts as the operational platform for the submittal and management of
  commercialization project applications requesting grants from the Texas
  Emerging Technology Fund
• Grows the innovation ecosystem in both Central Texas and the state
         Understanding Process
  Understanding the the Process

Business and Technical people
• Develop a network of business and technical leaders
   –   Participate in business meetings/breakfasts
   –   Attend technical forums
   –   Approach leaders in fields similar to your own
   –   Volunteer to present your interests at meetings
• Reach out for assistance
   – Ask for assistance and guidance
   – Reach out and help others
• Remember to protect your IP
              Emerging Technology Fund Centers for Innovation and Commercialization (CIC)

Texas Life Science CIC (statewide)
Contact: Andrew Nat
Phone: (713)459-7438
Email: aan83@aya.yale.edu                                                                   North Texas Regional CIC
www.tlscic.org                                                                              Contact: Mike Lockerd
                                                                                            Phone: (972)883-9420
                                                                                            Fax: (972) 883-4919
                                                                                            Email:mikel@ntxrcic.org
                                                                                            www.ntxrcic.org
West Texas Coalition for
Innovation and Commercialization
Contact: Dale Gannaway
Phone: (806) 723-8236                                                                       Central Texas Regional CIC
Fax: (806)749-4501                                                                          Contact: Susan Davenport
Email: dale.gannaway@lubbockeda.org                                                         Phone:(512) 322-5657
www.wtcic.org                                                                               Fax (512)478-9615
                                                                                            Email: sdavenport@austinchamber.org
                                                                                            www.austinchamber.com




                                                                                       Gulf Coast Regional CIC
El Paso / Trans-Pecos Regional CIC
                                                                                       Contact: Bob Prochnow
Contact: Beto Pallares
                                                                                       Phone: (832)476-9262
Phone: (915-820-8082
                                                                                       Fax: (713) 658-1744
Fax: (915) 534-7316
                                                                                       Email: bprochnow@houstontech.org
Email:beto@beto.cc
                                                                                       www.gulfcoastrcic.org


                                      The Rio Grande Regional CIC    South Texas Regional CIC
                                      Contact: Dr. Miguel Gonzalez   Contact: Jim Poage
                                      Phone: (956) 381-2673          Phone: (210) 458-2523
                                      Fax: (956) 381-3527            Fax: (210) 458-2529
                                      Email: gonzalezma@panam.edu    Email: jpoage@satai-network.com
                                                                     www.strcic.org
                                                                                                                             09/13/05
          Understanding Process
   Understanding the the Process

Advice from RCIC members
• The chair of the RCIC is available to discuss ETF matters with
  interested parties
• Initial contacts can be made by email or phone (check the
  web sites)
• Be prepared to “sell” your company’s activities in a couple of
  minutes.
   – A twenty second “elevator” pitch is preferable
• If appropriate, the chair of the RCIC may connect you with a
  member of the committee to provide some understanding of
  the process
• Remember to protect your IP
          Understanding Process
   Understanding the the Process

Requirements for support
• RCIC "project" activity:
   – Will be collaborative
   – Will have a defined project scope
   – Should be disruptive
• RCIC “business" activity:
   – Will have a defined commercialization path
   – Will have a complete business plan
   – Uses other available matching funds from the collaborating project
     partners
   – Will have a demonstrable economic impact to this state
                       Understanding the Process
    Understanding the Process
RCIC Application Process
• All commercialization projects submitted for consideration must
  originate from or be sponsored by at least one of the designated
  RCIC's.
• Projects will be submitted to the Office of the Governor for
  processing.
• The 17 member ETF advisory committee shall review and make
  recommendations, through evaluation processes, to the Governor, Lt.
  Governor and Speaker (Leadership).
• The Leadership must come to unanimous support for the project to
  be awarded ETF grant funds.
• Contact the appropriate RCIC for details on how to submit
  applications
                  Seed Seed Funding
                       Funding

• Seed Funding is a new initiative within the Commercialization
  activities of the Texas Emerging Technology Fund. Seed Funding
  awards provide from $100,000 to $250,000 to the developers of
  promising new technologies in the early stages of
  commercialization
• Seed Funding recipients are expected to evolve their idea to an
  investment ready stage
• Seed Funding key requirements are the same as other ETF
  commercialization applications:
   – (a) commercialization of new technology
   – (b) collaboration with a Texas institution of higher education
   – (c) anticipate creating new, high wage jobs in Texas
                    Seed Funding
               Seed Funding

• The Seed Funding difference is that the application
  should amount to a project plan with the primary
  deliverables of:
   – (a) a well-developed business plan
   – (b) technology feasibility demonstration
   – (c) application for appropriate patents

• Successful applicants receive a contract from the
  State of Texas obligating them to execute the
  project they proposed. The State will receive
  warrants for equity acquisition based on a fixed
  valuation formula
         Understanding Process
  Understanding the the Process

Forms
• There are numerous forms required with any
  request for funding.
  – Complete all of the forms
  – Spell Check
  – Stay within the stated limits
     • If the form says up to 100 words, it does not mean 101
  – Spell Check
  – Have a trusted, but unassociated, person check your
    submissions.
  – Develop a supporting 5 to 10 minute presentation
                              Summary
   The objective of this presentation was to provide an insight to the
   requirements of developing a nanotechnology business. In particular,
   we have shown the following:
• Collaborating with experts is the key to success in the nanotechnology
  industry. To be successful, businesses need the expertise and resources to take
  advantage of the advanced technology. Specialized tools and processes aren’t
  readily available, and they are expensive.
• Funding can be obtained by well-planned and well-managed businesses, you
  have to know where to look.
• Long term success will depend on four competencies:
   – Our collective ability to evaluate technology trends
   – Our ability to assess key infrastructure liabilities
   – Regional ability to collaborate effectively with multiple partners
   – Individual organizations’ ability to identify the landscape of the industry,
      understand your niche
                        Conclusions
                    Conclusions

• To be successful in the developing nanotechnology industry,
  businesses need the expertise and resources to take
  advantage of the advanced technology. Collaborating with
  experts is the key to success in nanotechnology.
• Assistance is available to develop a nanotechnology
  business, but, you must ask for it.
• Obtaining funds requires a good business plan that can be
  implemented to deliver innovative products.
• There are numerous means of obtaining support for
  nanotechnology businesses including, in Texas, the Texas
  Emerging Technology Fund.
          Acknowledgements

• Austin Community College’s State of Texas’
  “Nanotechnology Workforce Development
  Initiative” team
• Authors of the sources of material as
  referenced on the various slides
• Chamber and Economic Development
  personnel, especially Susan Davenport and
  Kim Moore
• Catherine Crago of SemiconGroup
                                          NanoTx’07
                                       October 3rd, 2007




     Background Material
                 Walt Trybula, Ph.D.
                  IEEE Fellow & SPIE Fellow

       Director, NANOMATERIALS APPLICATION CENTER
          at Texas State University-San Marcos, Texas

            Director, The Trybula Foundation, Inc.

www.nanotxstate.org                                  www.tryb.org
Texas State University-San                      ABOUT
Marcos is a premier, student-
centered public university offering
                                            TEXAS STATE
baccalaureate, masters and
doctoral degrees to students on a
traditional residential campus.       110 Undergraduate majors
                                           (7 academic colleges)
Founded: 1899 as SWT State           84 Masters programs
Normal School                         6 PhD programs
                                      EE Program (Fall ’07)
President: Dr. Denise M. Trauth      MSE Ph.D. Program (‘09)
Campus area: 427 acres in main
campus (including 4,322 acres of      •     Total student enrollment
farm, ranch & recreational areas)           (27,503)
                                      •     Undergraduate (23,022)
                                      •     Hispanic/ Latino (5,025)
                                            (21%)

                                      •     1110 Faculty
                                      •     93% teach on the
                                            undergraduate level.

                                          http://www.txstate.edu
                                                                       Fall 2007
                         NANOMATERIALS
                      APPLICATION CENTER
MISSION: The NANOMATERIALS APPLICATION CENTER at
 Texas State University-San Marcos coordinates,
 facilitates, disseminates information, and
 expedites nanoscience and nanoengineering
 developments to expedite the
 commercialization of innovation.
GOAL: Accelerate the development of high
 technology and the dissemination of these
 developments in order to expedite
 commercialization.
                         NANO-SAFETY

The NANOMATERIALS APPLICATION CENTER is addressing
four key areas for developing a NANO-SAFETY
collaborative effort that identifies the nanomaterial
properties, the effect on humans and the
environment, the means of handling the materials
correctly, and the procedures that must be in place
to minimize risk in applications. Discussions have
been initiated with numerous organizations in order
to address this critical issue.
                              Contact Information
Walt Trybula, Ph.D.
   IEEE Fellow & SPIE Fellow
        w.trybula@ieee.org
Director
   NANOMATERIALS APPLICATION CENTER
   Texas State University-San Marcos
        w.trybula@txstate.edu
        +1.512.245.6062
Director
   The Trybula Foundation, Inc.
        w.trybula@tryb.org
        +1.512.695.4026

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:2568
posted:4/21/2011
language:English
pages:94
Description: Nanotechnology Ppt with Ieee Format document sample