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Literature and Music A Keeping Score Lesson Joan Perez Pearl Zanker School Milpitas School District Literature and Music by aiu11982

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									Literature and Music
    A Keeping Score Lesson




          Joan Perez
    Pearl Zanker School
   Milpitas School District
                        Literature and Music
                                          A Keeping Score Lesson

Essential Understanding
What is the “Big Idea” of the unit or lesson?

Students will understand that: Music can enhance and evoke a response.

Skills and Knowledge Students Need and/or Will Develop

Needed:
Good listening skills
Expose students to classical music by having them listen to classical music.
Students will become familiar with musical terms.

Will develop:
The ability to read the novel, Island of the Blue Dolphin, or other literature book.
The ability to summarize chapters
The ability to recognize and plot, setting, problem and solution, rise and fall of action, etc to make an excitement
      graph of the chapters in the novel, using coordinating grids.
The ability to become familiar with a variety of pieces of classical music, as they listen critically to different music,
      using adjectives to describe each piece.
The ability to illustrate chapter
The ability to choose music to enhance illustration.
                           Literature and Music
                                               A Keeping Score Lesson
                                                 Music Content Standards


Grade 3                                                              Grade 4
Listen to, Analyze, and Describe Music                               Listen to, Analyze, and Describe Music
         1.3 Identify melody, rhythm, harmony, and timbre in                 1.4 Describe music according to its elements, using the
      selected pieces of music when presented aurally.                    terminology of music.
         1.4 Identify visually and aurally the four families of      Students critically assess and derive meaning from works of music
      orchestral instruments and male and female adult voices.            and the performance of musicians according to the elements
         1.5 Describe the way in which sound is produced on               of music, aesthetic qualities, and human responses.
      various instruments.
                                                                     Analyze and Critically Assess
Responding to, Analyzing, and Making Judgments About Works of                 4.1 Use specific criteria when judging the relative quality
      Music                                                                of musical performances.
  Students critically assess and derive meaning from works of        Connections and Applications
      music and the performance of musicians according to the                 5.1 Identify and interpret expressive characteristics in
      elements of music, aesthetic qualities, and human responses.         works of art and music.
                                                                              5.2 Integrate several art disciplines (dance, music,
Analyze and Critically Assess                                              theatre, or the visual arts) into a well-organized
         4.1 Select and use specific criteria in making judgments          presentation or performance.
      about the quality of a musical performance.
Derive Meaning                                                       Grade 5
         4.3 Describe how specific musical elements communicate      Listen to, Analyze, and Describe Music
      particular ideas or moods in music.                                     1.4 Analyze the use of music elements in aural examples
                                                                           from various genres and cultures.
Connections and Applications
         5.1 Identify the use of similar elements in music and       Analyze and Critically Assess
      other art forms (e.g., form, pattern, rhythm).                          4.1 Identify and analyze differences in tempo and
                                                                           dynamics in contrasting music selections.
                              Literature and Music
                                                     A Keeping Score Lesson
                                                              Content Standards

Language Arts                                                                   Math
Grade 4                                                                         Grade 4
Word Recognition                                                                  2.0 Students use two-dimensional coordinate grids to represent points
         1.1 Read narrative and expository text aloud with grade-                     and graph lines and simple figures:
      appropriate fluency and accuracy and with appropriate pacing,
      intonation, and expression.                                                 2.1 Draw the points corresponding to linear relationships on graph paper
  2.0 Reading Comprehension                                                           (e.g., draw 10 points on the graph of the equation y = 3 x and connect
Students read and understand grade-level-appropriate material.                        them by using a straight line).
                                                                                         2.2 Understand that the length of a horizontal line segment
Structural Features of Informational Materials
          2.1 Identify structural patterns found in informational text (e.g.,         equals the difference of the x- coordinates.
       compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological
       order, proposition and support) to strengthen comprehension.             Art
Comprehension and Analysis of Grade-Level-Appropriate Text                      Grade 4
           2.2 Use appropriate strategies when reading for different
       purposes (e.g., full comprehension, location of information, personal
       enjoyment).                                                              Creating, Performing, and Participating in the Visual Arts
           2.3 Make and confirm predictions about text by using prior              2.0 Students apply artistic processes and skills, using a variety of
       knowledge and ideas presented in the text itself, including                     media to communicate meaning and intent in original works of art.
       illustrations, titles, topic sentences, important words, and
       foreshadowing clues.
Narrative Analysis of Grade-Level-Appropriate Text
         3.2 Identify the main events of the plot, their causes, and the
      influence of each event on future actions.
  2.4 Write summaries that contain the main ideas of the reading selection
      and the most significant details.

Students listen critically and respond appropriately to oral communication.
      They speak in a manner that guides the listener to understand
      important ideas by using proper phrasing, pitch, and modulation.

Organization and Delivery of Oral Communication
          1.5 Present effective introductions and conclusions that guide
       and inform the listener's understanding of important ideas and
       evidence.
                            Literature and Music
                                                  A Keeping Score Lesson
Objectives: (final performance or product)
In what way(s) will students demonstrate what they have learned?

Students will: Write a short summary of a chapter, illustrate that chapter, and choose music to enhance the chapter. Each st udent will be
responsible for one chapter and will contribute to a class movie

Student Pre-Assessment
How do you know what the students already know? What pre-assessment activities will help you determine what students already know?

Pretest on musical terms.
Teacher observation from class brainstorming on musical terms and exposure.
KWL chart

Teacher’s Needs Assessment
What content knowledge and resources will you need to implement this lesson?

Knowledge of musical terms
Curricular knowledge of novel to be taught.

Computer with Adobe Premiere, and ability to use that software.
Combine summary, illustration, and music, using Adobe Premiere, to make a class “movie of the novel”.


Final Student Assessment
How will you know that students have achieved the standard?

Students write a critical response after viewing final product.
                     Literature and Music
                                    A Keeping Score Lesson

Learning Sequence
The Lesson Plan: What are the various steps in the unit/lesson implementation?

Introduction:
Expose students to classical music by having them listen to classical music.
Using the terms as a spelling list, the students will become familiar with musical terms.
Instruction:
Read novel chapter by chapter.
Simultaneously students will listen to musical excerpts from the San Francisco Symphony for Kids web
     site and fill in worksheet with their ideas.
Discuss words that describe the music (adjectives) and fill this information in on the worksheet.
As class listens to musical excerpts, also discuss what chapters each musical piece might be used inand
     note this on the worksheet.
After completing novel, each student will create an excitement graph, based on rise and fall of action in
     novel.
Using averaging, create class excitement graph.
Students assigned a chapter to summarize, illustrate, and choose music to go with the chapter.
Students meet in groups to discuss the rough draft of their summary, illustration, and music. Groups
     discuss the appropriateness of chosen music using musical terms.
Each student will complete the final draft of the chapter.
                            Literature and Music
                                                 A Keeping Score Lesson

Vocabulary
What vocab ulary will students need to know and learn, in order to achieve the standards addressed in the unit/lesson?

1. scale
2. melody
3. rhythm
4. tempo
5. adagio
6. largo
7. andante
8. allegro
9. presto
10. dynamics
11. pianissimo
12. piano
13. mezzo piano
14. mezzo forte
15. forte
16. fortissimo
17. crescendo
18. decrescendo
19. staccato
20. legato
21. accelerando
22. ritardando
23. pitch

See attached sheet for spelling lists with definitions of musical terms.
                         Literature and Music
                                           A Keeping Score Lesson

Equipment, Materials and Resources
What equipment, materials, and resources will you need to implement the unit/lesson and the student assessment?
Novel
Computer with access to the internet and sfskids.org
Adobe Premiere software

Additional Notes
What adaptations might you make to the learning sequence, to meet the needs of different students?
Any other notes or comments you would offer with regard to implementing this unit/lesson?

This is planned as a long-term unit, in which several aspects in different curricular areas, will be taught simultaneously.
Since few, if any students, may have any expose or background in music, instruction will need to begin below current grade
      level.
                             Literature and Music
                             San Francisco Symphony for Kids Worksheet
                                          www.sfskids.org
Station 1 All in the Family                 Station 2 Big Moments                    Station 3       Great Tunes

Benjamin Britten                            Sergei Prokofiev                         Wolfgang Mozart
Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra       Dance of the Knights, Romeo and Juliet   A Little Night Music


Johann Sebastian Bach                       Aaron Copland                            Antonín Dvořák
Brandenburg Concerto No. 3                  Fanfare for the Common Man               Largo from Symphony No. 9


Peter Tchaikovsky                           Ludwig van Beethoven                     Franz Schubert
Scherzo from Symphony No. 4                 Symphony No. 5                           Theme from Symphony No. 8


Gustav Mahler                               Richard Wagner                           Gustav Mahler
Adagietto from Symphony No. 5               Ride of the Valkyries                    Third movement from Symphony No. 1


Peter Tchaikovsky                           Richard Strauss                          Felix Mendelssohn
Dance of the Reed Flutes, The Nutcracker    Sunrise from Also Sprach Zarathustra     Wedding March, Midsummer Night's Dream


Béla Bartók                                 Igor Stravinsky                          Aaron Copland
Game of Pairs from Concerto for Orchestra   Rite of Spring                           Simple Gifts


Leos Janacek                                Modest Mussorgsky                        George Gershwin
Sinfonietta                                 Great Gate of Kiev                       Rhapsody in Blue


Igor Stravinsky                                                                      Johannes Brahms
Vivo from Pulcinella                                                                 Third movement from Symphony No. 3


Christopher Rouse                                                                    Peter Tchaikovsky
Ku-Ka-Illimoku                                                                       Waltz of the Flowers from The Nutcracker
                             Literature and Music
                             San Francisco Symphony for Kids Worksheet
                                          www.sfskids.org
Station 4        Musical Critters           Station 5      Once Upon a Time          Station 6 Sneak Preview

Sergei Prokofiev                            Zoltan Kodaly                            Giaocchino Rossini
The Duck from Peter and the Wolf            Viennese Musical Clock                   Storm from William Tell

Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov                     Sergei Prokofiev                         Sergei Prokofiev
Flight of the Bumblebee                     Midnight from Cinderella                 Young Juliet from Romeo and Juliet

Sergei Prokofiev                            Maurice Ravel                            Edvard Grieg
The Cat from Peter and the Wolf             Beauty's theme from Mother Goose         In the Hall of the Mountain King

Camille Saint-Saens                         Maurice Ravel                            Igor Stravinsky
The Elephant from Carnival of the Animals   Beast's theme from Mother Goose          Infernal Dance from The Firebird

Edward Elgar                                Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov                  Maurice Ravel
Dan the Bulldog from Enigma Variations      The Sea and Sinbad's Ship, Sheherazade   Beauty and the Beast

Richard Strauss                             Richard Strauss                          Igor Stravinsky
Sheep from Don Quixote                      Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks         Finale from The Firebird

                                            Igor Stravinsky                          Leonard Bernstein
                                            The Firebird                             Cool Fugue from West Side Story

                                            Paul Dukas                               Hector Berlioz
                                            The Sorcerer's Apprentice                Dance of the Sylphs

                                                                                     Richard Strauss
                                                                                     Sheep from Don Quixote

                                                                                     Ottorino Respighi
                                                                                     Pines of Rome
                    Literature and Music
                                           Musical terms
Scale - Successive notes of a key or mode either   Dynamics - The loudness or softness of a musical
    ascending or descending.                           composition.
                                                       Pianissimo - Very soft “pp”.
Melody – Organization of music using pitch; the        Piano - An instruction in sheet music to play
                                                       softly “p”.
    part of the music you can hum, whistle or
                                                       Mezzo piano - Moderately soft “mp”
    sing; the tune.
                                                       Mezzo forte -Moderately loud “mf”
                                                       Forte - A symbol indicating to play loud “f”
Rhythm- The organization of in time, the part of
                                                       Fortissimo - Very loud “ff”
    the music that you can tap you toes.

                                                   Crescendo - Gradually growing louder; increase
Tempo – The speed of the music                         the volume
   Adagio –A tempo having slow movement; very      Decrescendo – Gradually grow softer; decrease
   slowly; restful at ease.                            the volume
   Largo - Large, broad, slow and stately
   Andante – Moderate                              Staccato - Short detached notes, as opposed to
                                                       legato.
   Allegro - Direction to play lively and fast.
                                                   Legato - Word to indicate that the movement or
   Presto – Very fast                                  entire composition is to be played smoothly.

Pitch - The frequency of a note determining how    Accelerando - Gradually quicken tempo.
     high or low it sounds.                        Ritardando - Gradually growing slower
                       Literature and Music
                                   Excitement Graph Blank

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    1
           1   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   29
Chapters
                                                                   10




                               1
                                   2
                                       3
                                           4
                                               5
                                                   6
                                                       7
                                                           8
                                                               9
Title




                          1
Aleuts arrive




                          1
found fish




                          2
Aleuts ready




                          3
Battle




                          4
Kimki chief




                          5
white men come




                          6
Tribe leaves K.jump off




                          7
Ramo killed




                          8
Burned village




                          9
Went canoe leaked




                          10
Picked place 4 house




                          11
Built house ,fence




                          12
Sea elephant hurt leg




                          13
Made cave house




                          14
Tames Rontu



                          15
saw devilfish

                          16
Rontu fight dogs          17

2 birds Lurai, Tainor
                          18
                                                                             Excitement Graph




Battle devilifish
                          19




stuck in Black cave
                          20
                                                                        Island of the Blue Dolphins




met Aleunt girl
                          21




K. and Tutok friends
                          22
                                                                                                      Literature and Music




Helped otter-Mon-a-nee
                          23




More pets
                          24




Rontu died
                          25




Catches Ronu-Aru
                          26




Earthquake tidal wave
                          27




Whte men come K. hid
                          28




White men return
                          29




K. leaves island
                          29

								
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