The 2011 Import and Export Market for Neutral Sodium Carbonate (Disodium Carbonate) in Belgium by ICONGroup


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									   The 2011 Import and Export
   Market for Neutral Sodium
      Carbonate (Disodium
     Carbonate) in Belgium

                         Professor Philip M. Parker, Ph. D.
                      Chaired Professor of Management Science
                    INSEAD (Singapore & Fontainebleau, France)                                      ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.

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                                About the Author
Dr. Philip M. Parker is the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation, Business and Society at
INSEAD where he has taught courses on multivariate statistics and global competitive strategy
since 1988. He has also taught courses at MIT, Stanford University, Harvard University, UCLA,
UCSD, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of six books
on the economic convergence of nations. These books introduce the notion of “physioeconomics”
which foresees a lack of global convergence in economic behaviors due to physiological and
physiographic forces. His latest book is "Physioeconomics: The Basis for Long-Run Economic
Growth" (MIT Press 2000). He has also published numerous articles in academic journals,
including The Rand Journal of Economics, Marketing Science, the Journal of International
Business Studies, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, International Journal of
Forecasting, the European Management Journal, the European Journal of Operational
Research, Journal of Marketing, International Journal of Research in Marketing, and Journal of
Marketing Research. He is also on the editorial boards of several academic journals.

Dr. Parker received his Ph.D. in Business Economics from the Wharton School of the University
of Pennsylvania and has Masters degrees in Finance and Banking (University of Aix-Marseille)
and Managerial Economics (Wharton). His undergraduate degrees are in mathematics, biology
and economics (minor in aeronautical engineering). He has consulted and/or taught courses in
Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, North America and Europe.

                                 About this Series
This series was created for international firms who rely on foreign export markets for a
substantial portion of their business or who might be threatened by foreign trade competition.
The estimates given in this report were created using a methodology developed by and under the
direct supervision of Professor Philip M. Parker, the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation,
Business and Society, at INSEAD. The methodology, relying on historical figures of economic
growth and trade flows, estimates the market shares of some 150 countries for over 500 industrial
or product categories. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are projected for the current year of trade.

Some of the methodologies and research approaches used in this report have benefited from the
R&D Committee at INSEAD, whose research support is gratefully acknowledged. Additional
editorial assistance from Tiffany LaRochelle, ICON Group International, Inc., is also
acknowledged.                                                    ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.

                           About ICON Group Ltd.
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                                                           Contents        v

Table of Contents
1     INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY                                     6
2     BELGIUM AND THE WORLD MARKET                                     8
    2.1    Imports in Belgium in 2011                                  8
    2.2    Exports from Belgium in 2011                                9
3     IMPORTS IN BELGIUM                                              10
    3.1      Europe                                                   10
       3.1.1   Denmark                                                10
       3.1.2   France                                                 10
       3.1.3   Germany                                                11
       3.1.4   Poland                                                 12
       3.1.5   Spain                                                  12
       3.1.6   the Netherlands                                        13
       3.1.7   the United Kingdom                                     14
    3.2      North America & the Caribbean                            15
       3.2.1   the United States                                      15
4     EXPORTS FROM BELGIUM                                            16
    4.1      Asia                                                     16
       4.1.1    Indonesia                                             16
       4.1.2    Malaysia                                              17
    4.2      Europe                                                   17
       4.2.1    Austria                                               17
       4.2.2    Denmark                                               18
       4.2.3    France                                                18
       4.2.4    Germany                                               19
       4.2.5    Greece                                                19
       4.2.6    Hungary                                               20
       4.2.7    Italy                                                 20
       4.2.8    Luxembourg                                            21
       4.2.9    Norway                                                21
       4.2.10 Slovakia                                                22
       4.2.11 Slovenia                                                22
       4.2.12 Sweden                                                  23
       4.2.13 the Netherlands                                         23
    4.3      Latin America                                            24
       4.3.1    Argentina                                             24
       4.3.2    Brazil                                                24
       4.3.3    Colombia                                              25
       4.3.4    Ecuador                                               25
    4.4      North America & the Caribbean                            26
       4.4.1    the United States                                     26
    4.5      the Middle East                                          26
       4.5.1    Israel                                                26
       4.5.2    Yemen                                                 27
    5.1    Disclaimers & Safe Harbor                                  28
    5.2    ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions                  29                                ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                 Neutral Sodium Carbonate (Disodium Carbonate) in Belgium       6

On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on neutral sodium carbonate
(disodium carbonate) in Belgium face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying
neutral sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate) to Belgium? How important is Belgium
compared to others in terms of the entire global and regional market? How much do the imports
of neutral sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate) vary from one country of origin to another in
Belgium? On the supply side, Belgium also exports neutral sodium carbonate (disodium
carbonate). Which countries receive the most exports from Belgium? How are these exports
concentrated across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which countries are the
largest buyers?

This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for neutral sodium carbonate
(disodium carbonate) in Belgium. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer
be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which
appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic
and trade models, to estimate the market for neutral sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate) for
those countries serving Belgium via exports, or supplying from Belgium via imports. It does so
for the current year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models.

In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Belgium fits into the world market for
imported and exported neutral sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate). The total level of imports
and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for Belgium in particular, is estimated using a model
which aggregates across over 150 key country markets and projects these to the current year.
From there, each country represents a percent of the world market. This market is served from a
number of competitive countries of origin. Based on both demand- and supply-side dynamics,
market shares by country of origin are then calculated across each country market destination.
These shares lead to a volume of import and export values for each country and are aggregated to
regional and world totals. In doing so, we are able to obtain maximum likelihood estimates of
both the value of each market and the share that Belgium is likely to receive this year. From
these figures, rankings are calculated to allow managers to prioritize Belgium compared to other
major country markets. In this way, all the figures provided in this report are forecasts that can
be combined with internal information sources for strategic planning purposes.

After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports of neutral sodium
carbonate (disodium carbonate), Chapter 3 goes into detail on imports, but for each major country
of origin serving Belgium. A “major” market is defined as a country where Belgium represents a
substantially large share of either imports or exports. For each major country exporting to
Belgium, one can thus observe how important Belgium is to that exporting country compared to
other countries of the world. Chapter 4 does the same, but for exports of neutral sodium
carbonate (disodium carbonate) originating from Belgium, for each major country of destination.
In doing so, one can discover the share that Belgium has in each major market; this share value is                                                     ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                   Neutral Sodium Carbonate (Disodium Carbonate) in Belgium         7

often used as a measure of competitiveness for Belgium. In all cases, the total dollar volume and
percentage share values by major trading partner are provided. Combined, Chapters 3 and 4
present a the total picture for imports and exports of neutral sodium carbonate (disodium
carbonate) to and from Belgium to and from all other major countries in the world. "Neutral
Sodium Carbonate (Disodium Carbonate)" as a category is defined in this report following the
definition given by the United Nations Statistics Division Classification Registry using the
Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC, Rev. 3). The SITC code that
defined "neutral sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate)" is 52372 . For more information on this
definition, please refer to the following web site: .

This report is updated on an annual basis. To ensure that you have the most current version,
please check the web site of ICON Group at

Important Caveat. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are forecasted for the current year of trade. More importantly, in light of the fact
that unforeseeable factors might interrupt markets in achieving their reported levels, the figures
should be seen as estimates of potential. For example, "mad cow" disease, foot-and-mouth
disease, trade embargoes, military conflicts, acts of terrorism and other events will certainly
affect the actual trade flows recorded for a variety of industry or product categories. In such
cases, the difference between the numbers given in this report and the numbers actually observed
might be interpreted as the "net loss" or "net gain" due to these exogenous events affecting
regular trade flows that would have occurred had these events not have taken place.                                                       ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                       Neutral Sodium Carbonate (Disodium Carbonate) in Belgium         8

2.1         IMPORTS IN BELGIUM IN 2011
    Imported Neutral Sodium Carbonate (Disodium Carbonate) in Belgium, 2011
                              (Structure of Foreign Import Competition)

Country of Origin             Rank            Value (000 US$)            % Share       Cumulative %
France                             1                    44,102              43.81                  43.81
Germany                            2                    31,016              30.81                  74.63
the United States                  3                    16,907              16.80                  91.42
the United Kingdom                 4                     4,256               4.23                  95.65
the Netherlands                    5                     3,029               3.01                  98.66
Spain                              6                     1,185               1.18                  99.84
Poland                             7                        97               0.10                  99.93
Denmark                            8                        67               0.07                 100.00
Total                                                  100,659             100.00                 100.00
    Source: Philip M. PARKER, Professor, INSEAD, copyright 2011,                                                           ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                      Neutral Sodium Carbonate (Disodium Carbonate) in Belgium          9

2.2         EXPORTS FROM BELGIUM IN 2011
   Neutral Sodium Carbonate (Disodium Carbonate) Exports from Belgium, 2011
Country of Destination        Rank           Value (000 US$)            % Share        Cumulative %
the Netherlands                   1                    12,513               24.66                 24.66
Sweden                            2                     7,772               15.32                 39.98
Luxembourg                        3                     7,712               15.20                 55.17
Israel                            4                     5,304               10.45                 65.63
Denmark                           5                     4,173                8.22                 73.85
France                            6                     2,560                5.05                 78.90
Germany                           7                     2,544                5.01                 83.91
Indonesia                         8                     2,141                4.22                 88.13
Hungary                           9                     1,180                2.33                 90.45
Argentina                        10                     1,030                2.03                 92.48
Brazil                           11                     1,008                1.99                 94.47
Ecuador                          12                       768                1.51                 95.98
Austria                          13                       603                1.19                 97.17
Slovenia                         14                       493                0.97                 98.14
Colombia                         15                       318                0.63                 98.77
Slovakia                         16                       161                0.32                 99.09
Norway                           17                       127                0.25                 99.34
Italy                            18                       114                0.22                 99.56
Yemen                            19                       101                0.20                 99.76
Greece                           20                        72                0.14                 99.90
Malaysia                         21                        39                0.08                 99.98
the United States                22                        10                0.02                100.00
Total                                                  50,743              100.
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