Flow Process Charts Do Record Movements as Well as Visual Pictures

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					                                                                                                      Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                              High School


                                             Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                    Color
Standard             Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                               Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                     Standards in Science
                                        Newton’s laws of motion and
                                        gravitation describe the                             2.9; Newton’s Three Laws of Motion
                                        relationships among forces acting                    explain the relationship between the
                                    1                                                 G
                                        on and between objects, their                        forces acting on an object, the object’s
                                        masses, and changes in their                         mass, and changes in its motion
                                        motion, but have limitations
                                        Gather, analyze and interpret data and               2.9.a; Select and use appropriate
                                        create graphs regarding position,                    technologies to gather, process, and
                                    a                                                 Y
                                        velocity and acceleration of moving                  analyze data and to report information
                                        objects                                              related to an investigation
                                        Develop, communicate, and justify an
                                        evidence-based analysis of the forces
                                    b                                                 R
                                        acting on an object and the resultant
                                        acceleration produced by a net force
                                        Develop, communicate, and justify an
                                        evidence-based scientific prediction
                                    c   regarding the effects of the action-          R
                                        reaction force pairs on the motion of two
                                        interacting objects
  Physical Science




                                        Examine the effect of changing masses
                      High School




                                        and distance when applying Newton's
                                    d                                                 R
                                        law of universal gravitation to a system
                                        of two bodies
                                        Identify the limitations of Newton’s laws
                                    e                                                 R
                                        in extreme situations
                                        Nature of science
                                                                                             1.1; Ask questions and state hypotheses
                                        Use an inquiry approach to answer a                  using prior scientific knowledge to help
                                    1   testable question about an application of     Y      design and guide development and
                                        Newton’s Laws of motion                              implementation of a scientific
                                                                                             investigation
                                        Share experimental data and
                                        respectfully discuss conflicting results,
                                    2                                                 R
                                        and analyze ways to minimize error and
                                        uncertainty in measurement
                                        Differentiate between the use of the
                                        terms “law” and “theory” as they are                 5.7; There is a difference between a
                                    3   defined and used in science compared to       G      scientific theory and a scientific
                                        the way they are used in other                       hypothesis
                                        disciplines or common use
                                        Use technology to perform calculations
                                    4                                                 R
                                        and to organize, analyze and report data




                                                                                                             Page 1 of 80
                                                                                                     Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                             High School


                                             Grade Level Expecation                                         Referent:
                                                                                   Color
Standard             Grade                                                                      2007 Colorado Model Content              District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                               Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                                      Standards in Science
                                                                                            2.2; The spatial configuration of atoms
                                        Matter has definite structure which
                                                                                            and the structure of the atoms in a
                                    2   determines characteristic physical           Y
                                                                                            molecule determine the chemical
                                        and chemical properties
                                                                                            properties of the substance
                                                                                            2.2; The spatial configuration of atoms
                                        Develop, communicate, and justify an
                                                                                            and the structure of the atoms in a
                                    a   evidence-based scientific explanation        Y
                                                                                            molecule determine the chemical
                                        supporting the current model of an atom
                                                                                            properties of the substance
                                                                                            2.3; There are observable and
                                                                                            measurable physical and chemical
                                        Gather, analyze and interpret data on
                                                                                            properties that allow one to compare,
                                    b   chemical and physical properties of          Y
                                                                                            contrast, and separate substances (for
                                        elements such as density, melting
                                                                                            example: pH, melting point,
                                                                                            conductivity, magnetic attraction)

                                        Use characteristic physical and chemical
                                                                                            2.1; Elements can be organized by their
                                        properties to develop predictions and
  Physical Science




                                    c                                                Y      physical and chemical properties
                                        supporting claims about elements’
                      High School




                                                                                            (Periodic Table)
                                        positions on the periodic table

                                                                                            2.3; There are observable and
                                        Develop a model that differentiates the             measurable physical and chemical
                                        following: atoms and molecules,                     properties that allow one to compare,
                                    d                                                y
                                        elements and compounds, pure                        contrast, and separate substances (for
                                        substances and mixtures                             example: pH, melting point,
                                                                                            conductivity, magnetic attraction)
                                        Nature of science

                                        Recognize the current understandings of             5.5; Scientific knowledge changes and
                                        molecular structure related to the                  accumulates over time; usually the
                                        physical and chemical properties of                 changes that take place are small
                                    1                                                Y
                                        matter has developed over time and has              modifications of prior knowledge but
                                        become more sophisticated as new                    major shifts in the scientific view of how
                                        technologies have led to new evidence               the world works do occur

                                                                                            1.1; Ask questions and state hypotheses
                                        Ask testable questions about the nature             using prior scientific knowledge to help
                                    2   of matter and use an inquiry approach        Y      design and guide development and
                                        to investigate it.                                  implementation of a scientific
                                                                                            investigation




                                                                                                            Page 2 of 80
                                                                                                     Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                             High School


                                             Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                    Color
Standard             Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content           District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                               Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                     Standards in Science
                                        Matter can change form through
                                        chemical or nuclear reactions
                                    3                                                 R
                                        abiding by the laws of conservation
                                        of mass and energy
                                        Recognize, analyze, interpret, and                   2.4; Word and chemical equations are
                                        balance chemical equations (synthesis,               used to relate observed changes in
                                    a   decomposition, combustion, and                Y
                                                                                             matter to its composition and structure
                                        replacement) or nuclear equations                    (for example: conservation of matter)
                                        (fusion and fission)
                                        Predict reactants and products for
                                    b   different types of chemical and nuclear       R
                                        reactions
                                        Predict and calculate the amount of
                                        products produced in a chemical
                                    c                                                 R
                                        reaction based on the amounts of
                                        reactants
                                        Examine, evaluate, question and
                                        ethically use information from a variety
                                    d                                                 R
                                        of sources and media to investigate the
                                        conservation of mass and energy
  Physical Science




                                        Nature of Science
                      High School




                                                                                             5.3; Graphs, equations or other models
                                                                                             are used to analyze systems involving
                                                                                             change and constancy (for example:
                                        Critically evaluate chemical and nuclear             comparing the geologic time scale to
                                    1                                                 Y
                                        change models.                                       shorter time frame, exponential growth,
                                                                                             a mathematical expression for gas
                                                                                             behavior; constructing a closed
                                                                                             ecosystem such as an aquarium)

                                                                                             5.3; Graphs, equations or other models
                                                                                             are used to analyze systems involving
                                                                                             change and constancy (for example:
                                        Identify the strengths and weaknesses
                                                                                             comparing the geologic time scale to
                                    2   of a model which represents complex           Y
                                                                                             shorter time frame, exponential growth,
                                        natural phenomenon.
                                                                                             a mathematical expression for gas
                                                                                             behavior; constructing a closed
                                                                                             ecosystem such as an aquarium)
                                        Share experimental data and
                                        respectfully discuss conflicting results,
                                    3                                                 R
                                        describing their work as emulating the
                                        practice of scientists
                                                                                             2.1; Select and use appropriate
                                        Use an inquiry approach to test                      technologies to gather, process, and
                                    4                                                 Y
                                        predictions about chemical reactions                 analyze data and to report information
                                                                                             related to an investigation




                                                                                                             Page 3 of 80
                                                                                                       Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                               High School


                                             Grade Level Expecation                                        Referent:
                                                                                     Color
Standard             Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content              District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                               Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                                      Standards in Science
                                        Atoms bond in different ways to
                                    4   form molecules and compounds that              R
                                        have definite properties
                                        Develop, communicate, and justify an
                                        evidence-based scientific explanation
                                    a                                                  R
                                        supporting the current models of
                                        chemical bonding
                                                                                              2.3; There are observable and
                                        Gather, analyze, and interpret data on
                                                                                              measurable physical and chemical
                                        chemical and physical properties of
                                                                                              properties that allow one to compare,
                                    b   different compounds such as density,           G
                                                                                              contrast, and separate substances (for
                                        melting point, boiling point, pH, and
                                                                                              example: pH, melting point,
                                        conductivity
                                                                                              conductivity, magnetic attraction)

                                        Use characteristic physical and chemical
  Physical Science




                                        properties to develop predictions and
                      High School




                                    c                                                  R
                                        supporting claims about compounds’
                                        classification as ionic, polar or covalent
                                        Describe the role electrons play in
                                    d                                                  R
                                        atomic bonding
                                        Predict the type of bonding that will                 2.1; Elements can be organized by their
                                    e   occur between elements based on their          Y      physical and chemical properties
                                        position in the periodic table                        (Periodic Table)
                                        Nature of Science

                                        Recognize the current understandings of               5.5; Scientific knowledge changes and
                                        molecular structure related to the                    accumulates over time; usually the
                                        physical and chemical properties of                   changes that take place are small
                                    1                                                  Y
                                        matter has developed over time and has                modifications of prior knowledge but
                                        become more sophisticated as new                      major shifts in the scientific view of how
                                        technologies have led to new evidence                 the world works do occur

                                        Employ data-collection technology to
                                        gather, view, analyze, and interpret
                                    2                                                  R
                                        data about chemical and physical
                                        properties of different compounds




                                                                                                              Page 4 of 80
                                                                                                       Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                               High School


                                             Grade Level Expecation                                        Referent:
                                                                                     Color
Standard             Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                               Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                                      Standards in Science
                                                                                              2.5; Quantitative relationships involved
                                        Energy exists in many forms such as
                                                                                              with thermal energy can be identified,
                                        mechanical, chemical, electrical,
                                                                                              measured, calculated and analyzed (for
                                    5   radiant, thermal, and nuclear, that            Y
                                                                                              example: heat transfer in a system
                                        can be quantified and
                                                                                              involving mass, specific heat, and
                                        experimentally determined
                                                                                              change in temperature of matter)
                                        Develop, communicate and justify an
                                        evidence based scientific explanation
                                    a                                                  R
                                        regarding the potential and kinetic
                                        nature of mechanical energy
                                                                                              2.5; Quantitative relationships involved
                                        Use appropriate measurements,
                                                                                              with thermal energy can be identified,
                                        equations and graphs to gather,
                                                                                              measured, calculated and analyzed (for
                                    b   analyze, and interpret data on the             Y
  Physical Science




                                                                                              example: heat transfer in a system
                                        quantity of energy in a system or an
                      High School




                                                                                              involving mass, specific heat, and
                                        object
                                                                                              change in temperature of matter)
                                        Use direct and indirect evidence to
                                    c   develop predictions of the types of            R
                                        energy associated with objects
                                        Identify different energy forms and
                                    d   calculate their amounts by measuring           R
                                        their defining characteristics
                                        Nature of Science
                                        Critically evaluate scientific claims made
                                        in popular media or by peers regarding                5.1; Print and visual media can be
                                    1   application of energy forms and                Y      evaluated for scientific evidence, bias,
                                        determine if the evidence presented is                or opinion
                                        appropriate and sufficient to support the
                                        claims
                                        Use the historical context and impact of
                                        early energy research and consider the
                                    2                                                  R
                                        potential implications for current energy
                                        studies on science and our society




                                                                                                              Page 5 of 80
                                                                                                       Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                               High School


                                             Grade Level Expecation                                        Referent:
                                                                                     Color
Standard             Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                               Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                                      Standards in Science
                                        When energy changes form, it is                       2.6; Energy can be transferred through
                                        neither created not destroyed;                        a variety of mechanisms and in any
                                        however, because some is                              change some energy is lost as heat (for
                                    6                                                  G
                                        necessarily lost as heat, the amount                  example: conduction, convection,
                                        of energy available to do work                        radiation, motion, electricity, chemical
                                        decreases                                             bonding changes)
                                        Use direct and indirect evidence in                   2.8; Quantities that demonstrate
                                        developing and supporting claims about                conservation of mass and conservation
                                    a   the conservation of energy in a variety        Y
                                                                                              of energy in physical interactions can be
                                        of systems, including transformations to              measured and calculated
                                        heat
                                        Evaluate the energy conversion
                                    b   efficiency of a variety of energy              R
                                        transformations
                                                                                              2.8; Quantities that demonstrate
                                        Describe energy transformations both                  conservation of mass and conservation
                                    c                                                  Y
                                        quantitatively and qualitatively                      of energy in physical interactions can be
                                                                                              measured and calculated
  Physical Science




                      High School




                                        Differentiate between the characteristics             2.7; Light and sound waves have
                                    d   of mechanical and electromagnetic              Y      distinct properties; frequency,
                                        waves that determine their energy                     wavelengths and amplitude

                                        Examine, evaluate, question and
                                        ethically use information from a variety
                                    e                                                  R
                                        of sources and media to investigate
                                        energy conservation and energy loss
                                        Nature of Science
                                        Critically evaluate scientific claims made
                                        in popular media or by peers regarding                5.1; Print and visual media can be
                                    1   application of energy transformations          Y      evaluated for scientific evidence, bias,
                                        and determine if the evidence presented               or opinion
                                        is appropriate and sufficient to support
                                        the claims
                                        Formulate a testable, falsifiable question            1.1; Ask questions and state hypotheses
                                        about the conservation of energy and                  using prior scientific knowledge to help
                                    2                                                  G      design and guide development and
                                        use an inquiry approach to find the
                                        answer                                                implementation of a scientific
                                                                                              investigation
                                        Share experimental data and                           5.2; The scientific way of knowing uses
                                        respectfully discuss conflicting results,             a critique and consensus process (for
                                    3                                                  Y
                                        describing their work as emulating the                example: peer review, openness to
                                        practice of scientist                                 criticism, logical arguments, skepticism)




                                                                                                              Page 6 of 80
                                                                                                 Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                         High School


                                         Grade Level Expecation                                          Referent:
                                                                                Color
Standard         Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                           Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                   Standards in Science
                                                                                         3.7; There is a cycling of matter (for
                                    Matter tends to be cycled within an                  example: carbon, nitrogen) and the
                                    ecosystem while energy is                            movement and change of energy
                                1                                                 G
                                    transformed and eventually exits an                  through the ecosystem (for example:
                                    ecosystem                                            some energy dissipates as heat as it is
                                                                                         transferred through a food web)
                                                                                         3.7.a; Contrast the flow of energy with
                                    Analyze how energy flows through
                                a                                                 Y      cycling of matter as they move through
                                    trophic levels
                                                                                         an ecosystem
                                    Evaluate the potential ecological impacts
                                b                                                 R
                                    of a plant-based or meat-based diet

                                    Analyze and interpret data from
                                    experiments on ecosystems where
                                c                                                 R
                                    matter such as fertilizer has been added
                                    or withdrawn such as through drought

                                    Develop, communicate, and justify an
                                    evidence-based scientific explanation
                                d                                                 R
                                    showing how ecosystems follow the laws
  Life Science




                  High School




                                    of conservation of matter and energy

                                    Define and distinguish between matter
                                e   and energy, and how they are cycled or        R
                                    lost through life processes
                                    Describe how carbon, nitrogen,
                                f                                                 R
                                    phosphorus, and water cycles work
                                    Use computer simulations to analyze
                                g                                                 R
                                    how energy flows through trophic levels
                                    Nature of Science
                                    Address differences between
                                                                                         5.4; There are cause-effect relationships
                                    experiments where variables can be
                                                                                         within systems (for example: the effect
                                    controlled, versus those where extensive
                                                                                         of temperature on gas volume, effect of
                                1   oberservations on a highly variable           Y
                                                                                         carbon dioxide level on the greenhouse
                                    natural system are necessary (eg dead
                                                                                         effect, effects of changing nutrients at
                                    zones in Gulf of Mexico), to determine
                                                                                         the base of a food pyramid)
                                    what is happening
                                    Share experimental data and
                                    respectfully discuss conflicting results,
                                2                                                 R
                                    describing their work as emulating the
                                    practice of scientists
                                    Design ecological experiments in a
                                3                                                 R
                                    closed system




                                                                                                         Page 7 of 80
                                                                                                     Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                             High School


                                          Grade Level Expecation                                         Referent:
                                                                                   Color
Standard         Grade                                                                          2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                            Evidence Outcomes                      Coding
                                                                                                    Standards in Science
                                     The size and persistence of
                                     populations depends on their                           3.6; Changes in an ecosystem can affect
                                2    interactions with each other as well            Y      biodiversity and biodiversity contributes
                                     as on the abiotic factors in an                        to an ecosystem's dynamic equilibrium
                                     ecosystem
                                     Analyze and interpret data about the
                                                                                            3.6.a; Predict what will happen to the
                                     impact of removing keystone species
                                a                                                    Y      biodiversity of an ecosystem if a change
                                     from an ecosystem, or introducing non-
                                                                                            occurs in the ecosystem
                                     native species into an ecosystem
                                     Describe or evaluate communities in
                                b    terms of primary and secondary                  R
                                     succession as they progress over time
                                     Evaluate data and assumptions
                                     regarding different scenarios for future
                                 c                                                   R
  Life Science




                  High School




                                     human population growth and their
                                     projected consequences
                                     Examine, evaluate, question and
                                     ethically use information from a variety
                                d                                                    R
                                     of sources and media to investigate
                                     ecosystem interactions
                                     Nature of Science
                                     Critically evaluate scientific explanations
                                     in popular media to determine if the                   5.4; Print and visual media can be
                                1    research methodology and the evidence           Y      evaluated for scientific evidence, bias,
                                     presented are appropriate and sufficient               or opinion
                                     to support the claims


                                              2007 CSAP Assessment Objectives no longer in revised standards
                                                 3.6.b; Explain community succession after a catastrophic event.

                                3.6.c; Describe changes to biodiversity that could result from human actions in an ecosystem (For
                                               example, increases and/or decreases of organisms within a system).




                                                                                                            Page 8 of 80
                                                                                                   Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                           High School


                                         Grade Level Expecation                                            Referent:
                                                                                  Color
Standard         Grade                                                                          2007 Colorado Model Content          District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                           Evidence Outcomes                      Coding
                                                                                                     Standards in Science
                                                                                           3.3 There is a purpose of synthesis and
                                                                                           breakdown of macromolecules in an
                                    Cellular metabolic activities are                      organism (for example: carbohydrates,
                                3   carried out by biomolecules                     Y      lipids, amino acids serve as building
                                    produced by organisms                                  blocks of proteins; carbon dioxide and
                                                                                           water are the basic materials for
                                                                                           building sugars through photosynthesis)
                                    Identify biomolecules and their                        3.3.a; Identify the composition of
                                a                                                   G
                                    precursors/building blocks                             biological molecules.
                                    Develop, communicate and justify an
                                    evidence based explanation that
                                b                                                   R
                                    biomolecules follow the same rules of
                                    chemistry as any other molecule
  Life Science




                  High School



                                    Develop, communicate and justify an
                                    evidence based explanation regarding
                                c                                                   R
                                    the optimal conditions required for
                                    enzyme activity
                                    Infer the consequences to organisms of
                                    suboptimal enzyme function (e.g.
                                d                                                   R
                                    altered blood pH, high fever), using
                                    direct and indirect evidence
                                    Analyze and interpret data on the body’s               3.3.b; Describe the function of
                                e   utilization of carbohydrates, lipids and        Y      macromolecules and why they are
                                    proteins.                                              broken down.
                                    Nature of Science
                                    Critically evaluate scientific explanations
                                    in popular media to determine if the
                                1   research methodology and the evidence           R
                                    presented are appropriate and sufficient
                                    to support the claims




                                                                                                           Page 9 of 80
                                                                                                 Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                         High School


                                         Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                               Color
Standard         Grade                                                                      2007 Colorado Model Content              District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                           Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                                Standards in Science
                                    The energy for life primarily derives
                                    from the interrelated processes of
                                    photosynthesis and cellular
                                    respiration. Photosynthesis                         3.2; There is a relationship between the
                                    transforms the sun’s light energy                   processes of photosynthesis and cellular
                                4                                                Y
                                    into the chemical energy of                         respiration (for example: in terms of
                                    molecular bonds. Cellular                           energy and products)
                                    respiration allows cells to utilize
                                    chemical energy when these bonds
                                    are broken.
                                    Develop, communicate, and justify an
                                    evidence-based scientific explanation
                                a                                                R
                                    the optimal environment for
                                    photosynthetic activity
                                    Discuss the interdependence of
                                    autotrophic and heterotrophic life forms
                                b   such as depicting the flow of a carbon       R
                                    atom from the atmosphere, to a leaf,
                                    through the food chain, and back to the
                                    atmosphere
                                    Explain how carbon compounds are
  Life Science




                  High School




                                    gradually oxidized to provide energy in
                                c   the form of adenosine triphosphate           R
                                    (ATP), which drives many chemical
                                    reactions in the cell
                                    Nature of Science
                                    Recognize the current understandings of             5.5; Scientific knowledge changes and
                                    photosynthesis and cellular respiration             accumulates over time; usually the
                                1   has developed over time and has              Y      changes that take place are small
                                    become more sophisticated as new                    modifications of prior knowledge but
                                    technologies have lead to new evidence              major shifts in the scientific view of how
                                                                                        the world works do occur
                                                                                        5.3; Graphs, equations or other models
                                                                                        are used to analyze systems involving
                                    Critically evaluate models for                      change and constancy (for example:
                                    photosynthesis and cellular respiration,            comparing the geologic time scale to
                                2                                                Y
                                    and identify their strengths and                    shorter time frame, exponential growth,
                                    weaknesses.                                         a mathematical expression for gas
                                                                                        behavior; constructing a closed
                                                                                        ecosystem such as an aquarium)


                                            2007 CSAP Assessment Objectives no longer in revised standards
                                                         3.2.a; Describe the process of photosynthesis.
                                                       3.2.b; Describe the process of cellular respiration.
                                             3.2.c; Relate the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.




                                                                                                        Page 10 of 80
                                                                                                 Science Standards Crosswalk
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                                         Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                Color
Standard         Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                           Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                 Standards in Science
                                    Cells use passive and active
                                    transport of substances across
                                5                                                 R
                                    membranes to maintain relatively
                                    stable intracellular environments
                                    Analyze and interpret data to determine
                                    the energy requirements and/or rates of
                                a                                                 R
                                    substance transport across cell
                                    membranes
                                    Compare organisms that live in
                                    freshwater and marine environments,
                                b                                                 R
                                    identifying the challenges of osmotic
                                    regulation for these organisms
                                    Diagram the cell membrane
                                    schematically, highlighting receptor
                                c   proteins (as targets of hormones,             R
                                    neurotransmitters, drugs) serving as
                                    active links between intra and
                                    extracellular environments
  Life Science




                  High School




                                    Use tools to gather, view, analyze, and
                                    interpret data produced during scientific
                                d                                                 R
                                    investigations involving passive and
                                    active transport
                                    Use computer simulations and models of
                                e                                                 R
                                    cell transport mechanisms
                                    Nature of Science
                                    Ask testable questions and make a                    1.1 Ask questions and state hypotheses
                                    falsifiable hypothesis about how cells               using prior scientific knowledge to help
                                1   transport materials into and out of the       Y      design and guide development and
                                    cell and use an inquiry approach to find             implementation of a scientific
                                    the answer.                                          investigation
                                    Share experimental data and
                                    respectfully discuss conflicting results,
                                2                                                 R
                                    describing their work as emulating the
                                    practice of scientists
                                    Recognize and describe the ethical
                                    traditions of science: value peer review,
                                    truthful reporting of methods and
                                3                                                 R
                                    outcomes, making work public, and
                                    sharing a lens of professional skepticism
                                    when reviewing others work




                                                                                                        Page 11 of 80
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                                         Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                                  Color
Standard         Grade                                                                     2007 Colorado Model Content        District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                           Evidence Outcomes                      Coding
                                                                                               Standards in Science
                                    Cells, tissues, organs and organ                       Moved from the middle school 3.3
                                    systems maintain relatively stable
                                6   internal environments, even in the              R
                                    face of changing external
                                    environments
                                    Discuss how two or more body systems
                                a   interact to promote health for the whole        R
                                    organism
                                    Analyze and interpret data on
                                    homeostatic mechanisms using direct
                                b   and indirect evidence in developing and         R
                                    supporting claims about the
                                    effectiveness of feedback loops to
                                    maintain homeostasis
                                    Distinguish between causation and
                                    correlation in epidemiological data, such
  Life Science




                  High School




                                c   as examining scientifically valid               R
                                    evidence regarding disrupted
                                    homeostasis in particular diseases
                                    Use computer simulations and models to
                                d                                                   R
                                    analyze homeostatic mechanisms
                                    Nature of Science
                                    Research and present findings about the
                                1                                                   R
                                    results of dietary deficiencies or excesses
                                    Research and present findings about
                                    how medical problems that impact life
                                2   span have changed throughout history            R
                                    due to altered lifestyles and advances in
                                    medicine
                                    Differentiate between scientific evidence
                                    evaluated by the FDA for drug approval
                                    and anecdotal evidence shared among
                                3                                                   R
                                    individuals or in magazines/newspapers
                                    that a food or supplement is effective for
                                    a given problem




                                                                                                      Page 12 of 80
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                                         Grade Level Expecation                                        Referent:
                                                                                 Color
Standard         Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                           Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                                  Standards in Science
                                    Physical and behavioral                               3.11; DNA has a general structure and
                                    characteristics of an organism are                    function and a role in heredity and
                                7   influenced to varying degrees by               Y      protein synthesis (for example:
                                    heritable genes, many of which                        replication of DNA and the role of RNA in
                                    encode instructions for the                           protein synthesis)
                                    production of proteins
                                    Analyze and interpret data that genes
                                a                                                  R
                                    are expressed portions of DNA.
                                    Analyze and interpret data on the
                                    processes of DNA replication,                         3.12.a; Describe and explain the basic
                                b   transcription and translation, and gene        Y      process of DNA replication which allows
                                    regulation and show how these                         for genetic continuity.
                                    processes are the same in all organisms
                                    Recognize that proteins carry out most
                                    cell activities, mediating the effect of
                                c                                                  R
                                    genes on physical and behavioral traits
                                    in an organism
                                    Evaluate data showing that offspring are
                                    not clones of their parents/siblings due
  Life Science




                  High School




                                d   to the meiotic processes of independent        R
                                    assortment of chromosomes, crossing
                                    over and mutations
                                    Explain, using examples how genetic                   3.12.b; Explain the significance of a
                                e   mutations can benefit, harm, or have           Y      mutation and its relationship to genetic
                                    neutral effects on an organism                        diversity.
                                    Nature of Science
                                    Recognizing that research on genetically
                                    modified organisms is done in university
                                    laboratories as well as by seed
                                    companies, discuss the implications of                5.6; Interrelationships among science,
                                    different types of funding and the ethical            technology and human activity lead to
                                1                                                  Y
                                    traditions of science: value peer review,             further discoveries that impact the world
                                    truthful reporting of methods and                     in positive and negative ways
                                    outcomes, making work public, and
                                    sharing a lens of professional skepticism
                                    when reviewing others’ work

                                    Understand that scientists work from the
                                    assumption that the universe is a single
                                2   system in which the basic rules are the        R
                                    same everywhere – that basic principles
                                    for genetics apply to all organisms.




                                                                                                         Page 13 of 80
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                                         Grade Level Expecation                                   Referent:
                                                                                Color
Standard         Grade                                                                   2007 Colorado Model Content      District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                           Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                             Standards in Science
                                    Multicellularity makes possible a
                                    division of labor at the cellular level
                                8                                                 R
                                    through the expression of select
                                    genes, but not the entire genome.

                                    Develop, communicate, and justify an
                                    evidence-based scientific explanation on
                                a   how cells form specialized tissues, due       R
                                    to the expression of some genes and not
                                    others
                                    Analyze and interpret data that shows
                                b   most eukaryotic DNA does not actively         R
                                    code for proteins within cells
                                    Develop, communicate, and justify an
                                    evidence-based scientific explanation for
                                c                                                 R
                                    how a whole organism can be cloned
                                    from a differentiated – or adult – cell
  Life Science




                  High School




                                    Analyze and interpret data on medical
                                    problems using direct and indirect
                                    evidence in developing and supporting
                                d   claims that genetic mutations and             R
                                    cancer are brought about by exposure to
                                    environmental toxins, radiation,
                                    smoking, etc
                                    Nature of Science
                                    Debate with peers the advantages and
                                    disadvantages of bioengineering
                                1                                                 R
                                    (cloning, genetically modifying)
                                    organisms in the food supply
                                    Science is influenced by the cultural
                                    norms of a society. Discuss the ethical
                                2   and political issues associated with stem     R
                                    cell research and how these have
                                    impacted both the research done and its
                                    application
                                    Debate the ethical and political issues
                                3   associated with stem cell research, and       R
                                    how these affect research




                                                                                                   Page 14 of 80
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                                                                                                            High School


                                         Grade Level Expecation                                         Referent:
                                                                                  Color
Standard         Grade                                                                         2007 Colorado Model Content              District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                           Evidence Outcomes                      Coding
                                                                                                   Standards in Science
                                    Evolution occurs as the heritable
                                    characteristics of populations
                                                                                           3.18; Organisms change over time in
                                9   change across generations and can               Y
                                                                                           terms of biological evolution and genetics
                                    lead populations to become more
                                    adapted to their environment

                                    Develop, communicate, and justify an
                                                                                           3.18.a; Infer that organisms undergo
                                    evidence-based scientific explanation for
                                a                                                   Y      biological evolution and genetic changes
                                    how Earth’s diverse life forms today
                                                                                           over time.
                                    evolved from common ancestors
                                    Analyze and interpret multiple lines of
                                    evidence supporting the idea that all                  3.1.4.a; Construct a classification
                                    species are related by common                          system based on a variety of factors (for
                                b                                                   Y
                                    ancestry, such as molecular studies,                   example, physical traits, DNA
                                    comparative anatomy, biogeography,                     sequences).
                                    the fossil record and embryology
                                    Analyze and interpret data suggesting
                                    that, over geologic time, discrete bursts
                                c   of rapid genetic change as well as              R
                                    gradual changes have resulted in
                                    speciation
                                    Analyze and interpret data on how
                                    evolution can be driven by three key                   3.15.a; Describe how mutation, natural
                                d   components of natural selection:,               R      selection, and reproductive isolation can
                                    heritability, genetic variation, and                   affect biodiversity.
                                    differential survival and reproduction
                                    Generate a model – an evolutionary tree                3.14.a; Construct a classification system
                                    – showing how a group of organisms is                  based on a variety of factors (for
                                e                                                   Y
                                    most likely diverged from common                       example, physical traits, DNA
                                    ancestry                                               sequences).
                                    Nature of Science
  Life Science




                  High School




                                    Understand that all scientific knowledge               5.5; Scientific knowledge changes and
                                    is subject to new findings and that                    accumulates over time; usually the
                                1   reproducible, corroborated, and                 Y      changes that take place are small
                                    converging lines of data yield a scientific            modifications of prior knowledge but
                                    theory                                                 major shifts in the scientific view of how
                                                                                           the world works do occur
                                    Differentiate between the use of the
                                    terms “hypothesis”, “theory”, and “law”                5.7; There is a difference between a
                                2   as they are defined and used in science         Y      scientific theory and a scientific
                                    compared to the usage of these terms in                hypothesis
                                    other disciplines or everyday use




                                                                                                           Page 15 of 80
  L
                                                                                       Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                               High School


                           Grade Level Expecation                                         Referent:
                                                                    Color
Standard   Grade                                                              2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                             Evidence Outcomes                      Coding
                                                                                    Standards in Science
                   2007 Standard Benchmarks for high school life science that are no longer a part of the
                                                         revised development is specific to different organisms
                     3.1; The pattern/process of reproduction andstandards
                          3.4; Energy is used in the maintenance, repair, growth, and production of tissues
                    3.5; The human body functions in terms of interacting organ systems composed of specialized
                    structures that maintain or restore health (for example: mechanisms involved in homeostasis
                                        [balance], such as feedback in the endocrine system)
                        3.8; Certain properties of water sustain life (for example: polarity, cohesion, solubility)
                    3.9; Cellular organelles have specific functions (for example: the relationship of ribosomes to
                                protein, and the relationship of mitochondria to energy transformation)
                    3.10; Cell reproduction/division has various processes and purposes (mitosis, meiosis, binary
                                                                 fission)
                   3.12; Genes serve as the vehicle for genetic continuity and the source of genetic diversity upon
                                                   which natural selection can act
                      3.13; Some traits can be inherited while others are due to the interaction of genes and the
                    environment (for example: skin cancer triggered by over- exposure to sunlight or contact with
                                                         chemical carcinogens)
                   3.16; An organism’s adaptations (for example, structure, behavior) determine its niche (role) in
                                                            the environment
                   3.17; Variation within a population improves the chances that the species will survive under new
                                                        environmental conditions




                                                                                              Page 16 of 80
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                                                  Grade Level Expecation                                           Referent:
                                                                                         Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content              District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                    Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                             Standards in Science
                                                                                                  4.6 Evidence is used (for example:
                                                                                                  fossils, rock layers, ice cores,
                                             The history of the Universe, our
                                                                                                  radiometric dating) to investigate how
                                             Solar System and the Earth can be
                                         1                                                 Y      Earth has changed or remained constant
                                             inferred from evidence left from
                                                                                                  over short and long periods of time (for
                                             past events
                                                                                                  example: Mount St. Helen’s' eruption,
                                                                                                  Pangaea, and geologic time)
                                             Develop, communicate and justify an
                                             evidence-based scientific explanation
                                         a                                                 R
                                             addressing questions about Earth’s
                                             history
                                             Analyze and interpret data regarding
                                         b   Earth’s history using direct and indirect     R
                                             evidence
                                             Analyze and interpret data regarding the
  Earth Systems Science




                                         c   history of the universe using direct and      R
                                             indirect evidence
                           High School




                                             Seek, evaluate, and use a variety of
                                             specialized resources available from
                                         d   libraries, the Internet, and the              R
                                             community to find scientific information
                                             on Earth’s history
                                             Examine, evaluate, question and
                                             ethically use information from a variety
                                         e   of sources and media to investigate the       R
                                             history of the Universe, our Solar
                                             System and the Earth
                                             Nature of Science
                                                                                                  5.5; Scientific knowledge changes and
                                             Understand that all scientific knowledge             accumulates over time; usually the
                                             is subject to new evidence and that the              changes that take place are small
                                         1                                                 Y
                                             presence of reproducible results yields a            modifications of prior knowledge but
                                             scientific theory                                    major shifts in the scientific view of how
                                                                                                  the world works do occur
                                             Critically evaluate scientific claims in
                                             popular media and by peers regarding
                                         2   Earth’s history and determine if              R
                                             evidence presented is appropriate and
                                             sufficient to support the claims




                                                                                                                  Page 17 of 80
                                                                                                          Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                  High School


                                                  Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                                         Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                      2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                    Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                         Standards in Science
                                             As part of the solar system, Earth
                                             interacts with various extraterrestrial
                                             forces and energies such as gravity,                 4.15; There is electromagnetic radiation
                                             solar phenomena, electromagnetic                     produced by the Sun and other stars (for
                                         2                                                 Y
                                             radiation, and impact events that                    example: X- ray, ultraviolet, visible
                                             influence the planet’s geosphere,                    light, infrared, radio)
                                             atmosphere, and biosphere in a variety
                                             of ways
                                             Develop, communicate and justify an
                                             evidence-based scientific explanation
                                         a   addressing questions around the               R
                                             extraterrestrial forces and energies that
                                             influence Earth.
                                             Analyze and interpret data regarding
                                         b                                                 R
                                             extraterrestrial forces and energies
  Earth Systems Science




                                             Clearly identify assumptions behind
                                             conclusions regarding extraterrestrial
                           High School




                                         c   forces and energies, in order to provide      R
                                             feedback on the validity of alternative
                                             explanations
                                             Use specific equipment, technology, and
                                             resources to explore the universe (e.g.,             4.15.a; Describe how electromagnetic
                                         d                                                 Y
                                             satellite imagery, GPS, GIS, telescopes,             radiation data is used in astronomy.
                                             video and image libraries, computers)
                                             Nature of Science
                                             Understand the physical laws that
                                         1   govern Earth are the same physical laws       R
                                             that govern the rest of the Universe

                                                                                                  5.3; Graphs, equations or other models
                                                                                                  are used to analyze systems involving
                                             Critically evaluate models, identifying              change and constancy (for example:
                                             the strengths and weaknesses of the                  comparing the geologic time scale to
                                         2                                                 Y
                                             model in representing complex natural                shorter time frame, exponential growth,
                                             phenomena                                            a mathematical expression for gas
                                                                                                  behavior; constructing a closed
                                                                                                  ecosystem such as an aquarium)




                                                                                                                 Page 18 of 80
                                                                                                           Science Standards Crosswalk
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                                                  Grade Level Expecation                                           Referent:
                                                                                         Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content              District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                    Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                            Standards in Science
                                                                                                  4.2; The theory of plate tectonics helps
                                             The theory of plate tectonics helps
                                                                                                  to explain relationships among
                                         3   to explain geological, physical and           G
                                                                                                  earthquakes, volcanoes, mid- ocean
                                             geographical features of the earth
                                                                                                  ridges, and deep-sea trenches
                                             Develop, communicate and justify an
                                             evidence-based scientific explanation                4.2.a; Use evidence to explain the
                                             addressing questions about the theory                theory of plate tectonics and the inter-
                                         a                                                 G
                                             of plate tectonics and how it can be used            relationship between the plates, plate
                                             to understand geological, physical and               movement, and landforms.
                                             geographical features of Earth

                                                                                                  4.2.a; Use evidence to explain the
                                             Analyze and interpret data on plate
                                                                                                  theory of plate tectonics and the inter-
                                         b   tectonics and the geological, physical        G
                                                                                                  relationship between the plates, plate
                                             and geographical features of Earth
                                                                                                  movement, and landforms.
                                             Understand the role plate tectonics has
                                             had in respect to long-term global
  Earth Systems Science




                                         c   changes in Earth’s systems, such as           R
                                             continental buildup, glaciations, sea-
                                             level fluctuations, and climate change
                           High School




                                             Investigate and explain how new
                                             conceptual interpretations of data and
                                         d                                                 R
                                             innovative geophysical technologies led
                                             to the current theory of plate tectonics
                                             Nature of Science
                                                                                                  5.5; Scientific knowledge changes and
                                             Understand that all scientific knowledge             accumulates over time; usually the
                                             is subject to new findings and that the              changes that take place are small
                                         1                                                 Y
                                             presence of reproducible results yields a            modifications of prior knowledge but
                                             scientific theory                                    major shifts in the scientific view of how
                                                                                                  the world works do occur
                                             Ask testable questions and make a                    1.1; Ask questions and state hypotheses
                                             falsifiable hypthesis about plate                    using prior scientific knowledge to help
                                         2                                                 Y      design and guide development and
                                             tectonics and design a method to find an
                                             answer                                               implementation of a scientific
                                                                                                  investigation
                                             Share experimental data and
                                         3                                                 R
                                             respectfully discuss conflicting results
                                             Recognize the current understandings of              5.5; Scientific knowledge changes and
                                             plate tectonics has developed over time              accumulates over time; usually the
                                         4   and has become more sophisticated as          G      changes that take place are small
                                             new technologies have lead to new                    modifications of prior knowledge but
                                             evidence                                             major shifts in the scientific view of how
                                                                                                  the world works do occur




                                                                                                                  Page 19 of 80
                                                                                                            Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                    High School


                                                  Grade Level Expecation                                        Referent:
                                                                                          Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                    Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                                           Standards in Science
                                             Climate is the result of energy
                                             transfer among interactions of the
                                         4                                                  R
                                             atmosphere, hydrosphere,
                                             geosphere, and biosphere
                                             Develop, communicate, and justify an
                                             evidence-based scientific explanation
                                         a   that shows climate is a result of energy       R
                                             transfer among the atmosphere,
                                             hydrosphere, geosphere and biosphere
                                             Analyze and interpret data on Earth’s
                                         b                                                  R
                                             climate
                                             Explain how a combination of factors
                                             such as Earth’s tilt, seasons, geophysical
                                         c   location, proximity to oceans, landmass        R
                                             location, latitude, and elevation
                                             determine a location’s climate
                                             Identify mechanisms in the past and
  Earth Systems Science




                                         d   present that have changed earth’s              R
                                             climate
                                             Analyze the evidence and assumptions
                           High School




                                         e                                                  R
                                             regarding climate change
                                             Interpret evidence from weather
                                             stations, buoys, satellites, radars, ice
                                         f   and ocean sediment cores, tree rings,          R
                                             cave deposits, native knowledge and
                                             other sources in relation to climate
                                             change
                                             Nature of Science
                                             Understand how observations,
                                         1   experiments and theory are used to             R
                                             construct and refine computer models
                                                                                                   5.3; Graphs, equations or other models
                                                                                                   are used to analyze systems involving
                                                                                                   change and constancy (for example:
                                             Examine how computer models are used
                                                                                                   comparing the geologic time scale to
                                         2   in predicting the impacts of climate           Y
                                                                                                   shorter time frame, exponential growth,
                                             change
                                                                                                   a mathematical expression for gas
                                                                                                   behavior; constructing a closed
                                                                                                   ecosystem such as an aquarium)
                                             Critically evaluate scientific claims in
                                             popular media and by peers regarding                  5.1; Print and visual media can be
                                         3   climate and climate change and                 Y      evaluated for scientific evidence, bias,
                                             determine if the evidence presented is                or opinion
                                             appropriate and sufficient to support the
                                             claims




                                                                                                                   Page 20 of 80
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                                                                                                                   High School


                                                  Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                         Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                    Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                          Standards in Science
                                             There are costs, benefits, and
                                             consequences of exploration,                         4.5; There are consequences for the use
                                         5   development, and consumption of               G      of renewable and nonrenewable
                                             renewable and non-renewable                          resources
                                             resources
                                             Develop, communicate, and justify an
                                             evidence-based scientific explanation
                                         a   regarding the costs and benefits of           R
                                             exploration, development and
                                             consumption of renewable and non-
                                             renewable resources
                                             Evaluate positive and negative impacts
  Earth Systems Science




                                             on the geosphere, atmosphere,
                                         b                                                 R
                                             hydrosphere and biosphere in regards to
                           High School




                                             resource use
                                             Create a plan to reduce environmental
                                         c                                                 R
                                             impacts due to resource consumption

                                             Analyze and interpret data about the                 4.4.a; Analyze data about the effect of
                                             effect of resource consumption and                   resource consumption and development
                                         d                                                 g
                                             development on resource reserves to                  on resource reserves to draw
                                             draw conclusions about sustainable use               conclusions about sustainable use.
                                             Nature of Science
                                             Infer assumptions behind emotional,
                                             political and data driven conclusions
                                         1                                                 R
                                             about renewable and non-renewable
                                             resource use
                                             Critically evaluate scientific claims in
                                             popular media and by peers and                       5.1; Print and visual media can be
                                         2   determine if evidence presented is            Y      evaluated for scientific evidence, bias,
                                             appropriate and sufficient to support the            or opinion
                                             claims




                                                                                                                  Page 21 of 80
                                                                                                           Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                   High School


                                                  Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                          Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                    Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                                          Standards in Science
                                             The interaction of Earth's surface
                                             with water, air, gravity, and
                                         6                                                  R
                                             biological activity cause physical and
                                             chemical changes
                                             Develop, communicate and justify an
                                             evidence-based scientific explanation
                                         a   addressing questions regarding the             R
                                             interaction of Earth’s surface with water,
                                             air, gravity and biological activity

                                             Analyze and interpret data, maps, and
                                             models concerning the direct and
  Earth Systems Science




                                         b   indirect evidence produced by physical         R
                                             and chemical changes that water, air,
                                             gravity and biological activity create
                           High School




                                             Evaluate negative and positive
                                         c   consequences of physical and chemical          R
                                             changes on the geosphere
                                             Use remote sensing and GIS data to
                                         d   interpret landforms and landform impact        R
                                             on human activity
                                             Nature of Science
                                             Ask testable questions and make a                     1.1; Ask questions and state hypotheses
                                             falsifiable hypothesis about physical and             using prior scientific knowledge to help
                                         1   chemical changes on the geosphere and          G      design and guide development and
                                             use an inquiry based approach to find an              implementation of a scientific
                                             answer                                                investigation
                                             Share experimental data and
                                         2                                                  R
                                             respectfully discuss conflicting results
                                             Use appropriate technology to help                    1.2; select and use appropriate
                                             gather and analyze data, find                         technologies to gather, process, and
                                         3   background information, and                    Y
                                                                                                   analyze data and to report information
                                             communicate scientific information on                 related to an investigation
                                             physical and chemical changes.




                                                                                                                  Page 22 of 80
                                                                                                             Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                     High School


                                                    Grade Level Expecation                                        Referent:
                                                                                            Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                          2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                      Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                                             Standards in Science
                                               Natural hazards have local, national                  4.3; The feasibility of predicting and
                                               and global impacts such as                            controlling natural events can be
                                          7                                                   Y
                                               volcanoes, earthquakes, tsunamis,                     evaluated (for example: earthquakes,
                                               hurricanes, and thunderstorms                         floods, landslides)

                                               Develop, communicate and justify an
                                               evidence-based scientific explanation
                                          a                                                   R
                                               regarding natural hazards and explain
                                               their potential local and global impacts
                                               Analyze and interpret data about natural
                                          b    hazards, using direct and indirect             R
                                               evidence
                                                                                                     4.3.a; Describe how modern scientists
                                               Make predictions and draw conclusions
                                                                                                     evaluate the risks associated with
                                          c    about the impact of natural hazards on         Y
                                                                                                     natural events and the attempt to
                                               human activity – locally and globally
                                                                                                     control them.
                                               Nature of science
                                               Collaborate with local, national and
                                               global organizations to report and
                                          1                                                   R
  Earth Systems Science




                                               review natural disaster data., comparing
                                               their conclusion to alternate explanations
                           High School




                                         2007 Standard Benchmarks for high school Earth science that are no longer a part of the                District curriculum notes   Implications
                                                                             revised standards
                                                          4.1; The Earth’s interior has a composition and structure
                                          4.4; There are costs, benefits, and consequences of natural resource exploration, development,
                                         and consumption (for example: geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and greenhouse
                                                                                       gas)
                                         4.7; The atmosphere has a current structure and composition and has evolved over geologic time
                                                      (for example: effects of volcanic activity and the change of life forms)

                                            4.8; Energy transferred within the atmosphere influences weather (for example: the role of
                                         conduction, radiation, convection, and heat of condensation in clouds, precipitation, winds, storms)

                                         4.9; Weather is caused by differential heating, the spin of the Earth and changes in humidity (air
                                                                      pressure, wind patterns, coriolis effect)
                                              4.10; There are interrelationships between the circulation of oceans and weather and climate
                                          4.11; There are factors that may influence weather patterns and climate and their effects within
                                           ecosystems (for example: elevation, proximity to oceans, prevailing winds, fossil fuel burning,
                                                                                 volcanic eruptions)
                                              4.12; Water and other Earth systems interact (for example: the biosphere, lithosphere, and
                                                                                    atmosphere)

                                              4.13; Continental water resources are replenished and purified through the hydrologic cycle

                                                      4.14; Gravity governs the motions observed in the solar system and beyond

                                                         4.16; Stars differ from each other in mass, color, temperature and age

                                                4.17; The scales of size and separation of components of the solar system are complex




                                                                                                                    Page 23 of 80
                                                                                                        Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                Eighth Grade

                                               Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                      Color
Standard             Grade                                                                         2007 Colorado Model Content              District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                 Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                       Standards in Science
                                                                                               2.7; Quantities (for example: time,
                                                                                               distance, mass, force) that characterize
                                          Identify and calculate the direction
                                                                                               moving objects and their interactions
                                          and the magnitude of forces acting
                                      1                                                  G     within a system (for example, force,
                                          on an object to explain the resultant
                                                                                               speed, velocity, potential energy,
                                          change in its motion
                                                                                               kinetic energy) can be described,
                                                                                               measured and calculated

                                                                                               2.7.b; Identify the forces acting on a
                                          Predict and evaluate the movement of
                                                                                               moving object and explain the effects of
                                      a   an object by examining the forces              G
                                                                                               changes in the direction and magnitude
                                          applied to it
                                                                                               of forces on the motion of the object.
                                          Use mathmatical expressions to describe
                                      b                                                  R
                                          the movement of an object
                                          Develop and design a scientific
                                          investigation to collect and analyze
                                      c   speed and acceleration data in order to        R
                                          determine the net forces acting on a
                                          moving object
  Physical Science




                                          Nature of Science
                      Eighth Grade




                                          Recognize that our current
                                          understanding of forces has developed                5.2; Scientific knowledge changes and
                                          over centuries of studies by many                    accumulates over time; usually the
                                          scientists, and that we will continue to             changes that take place are small
                                      1                                                  G
                                          refine our understanding of forces                   modifications of prior knowledge but
                                          through continued scientific                         major shifts in the scientific view of how
                                          investigations and advances in data                  the world works do occur
                                          collection.
                                          Find, evaluate, and select appropriate
                                          information from reference books,
                                          journals, magazines, online references,
                                      2                                                  R
                                          and databases in order to answer
                                          scientific questions about motion and
                                          acceleration


                                                     2007 CSAP Assessment Objectives no longer in revised standards

                                       2.7.a; Use measurements for objects that are moving in a straight line to relate distance, time,
                                                         and average speed with words, graphs, and calculations.

                                     2.7.c; Compare the relative amount of potential energy (stored energy) and kinetic energy (energy
                                        of motion) of a moving object at different points along its path (for example, a moving roller
                                     coaster has the most potential energy at the top of a hill and the most kinetic energy at the bottom
                                                                                 of the hill).




                                                                                                               Page 24 of 80
                                                                                                          Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                  Eighth Grade

                                               Grade Level Expecation                                              Referent:
                                                                                         Color
Standard             Grade                                                                            2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                 Evidence Outcomes                       Coding
                                                                                                            Standards in Science
                                          There are different forms of energy                     2.8; That there are different forms of
                                          and those forms of energy can be                        energy and those forms of energy can be
                                      2                                                    G      transferred and stored (for example:
                                          changed from one form to another
                                          but total energy is conserved                           kinetic, potential) but total energy is
                                                                                                  conserved
                                          Gather, analyze and interpret data to
                                      a   describe the different forms of energy           R
                                          and energy transfer
                                          Develop a research based analysis of
                                      b   different forms of energy and energy             R
                                          transfer
                                          Use research based models to describe
                                      c   energy transfer mechanisms and predict           R
                                          amounts of energy transferred
                                          Nature of Science
                                          Share experimental data and
                                      1                                                    R
                                          respectfully discuss conflicting results
                                          Recognize and describe the ethical
  Physical Science




                                          traditions of science: value peer review;               5.4; The scientific way of knowing uses a
                      Eighth Grade




                                          truthful reporting of methods and                       critique and consensus process (for
                                      2                                                    Y
                                          outcomes; making work public; and                       example: peer review, openness to
                                          sharing a lens of professional skepticism               criticism, logical arguments, skepticism)
                                          when reviewing the work of others.

                                          Use tools to gather, view, analyze, and                 1.2; Select and use appropriate
                                          report results for scientific investigations            technologies to gather, process, and
                                      3                                                    G
                                          designed to answer questions about                      analyze data and to report information
                                          energy transformations                                  related to an investigation


                                                   2007 CSAP Assessment Objectives no longer in revised standards

                                      2.8.a; Recognize that energy is the ability to make objects move, and identify that mechanical,
                                      sound, thermal, solar, electromagnetic, chemical, and nuclear are some of the forms of energy.


                                     2.8.b; Explain that energy can be transferred (moved) from one object to another and transformed
                                                                    (changed) from one form to another.

                                                  2.8.c; Identify the energy transformations that occur in a specific system.

                                          2.8.d; Apply the law of conservation of energy to describe what happens when energy is
                                                                      transferred and/or transformed.




                                                                                                                 Page 25 of 80
                                                                                                        Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                Eighth Grade

                                              Grade Level Expecation                                         Referent:
                                                                                       Color
Standard             Grade                                                                          2007 Colorado Model Content           District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                Evidence Outcomes                      Coding
                                                                                                        Standards in Science
                                         Distinguish between physical and
                                                                                                2.3; Mass is conserved in a chemical or
                                     3   chemical changes, noting that mass              Y
                                                                                                physical change
                                         is conserved during any change
                                         Identify the distinguishing characteristics
                                                                                                2.3.a; Distinguish between a physical
                                     a   between a chemical and a physical               G
                                                                                                change and a chemical change.
                                         change
                                         Gather, analyze and interpret data on
                                     b                                                   R
                                         physcial and chemical changes
                                                                                                2.3.b; Apply the law of conservation of
                                         Gather, analyze and interpret data that
                                                                                                mass to physical changes (for example,
                                     c   mass is conserved in a given chemical or        Y
                                                                                                predict the mass of a substance after a
                                         physical change
                                                                                                phase change).
                                         Identify evidence that suggests that
  Physical Science




                                     d                                                   R
                      Eighth Grade




                                         matter is always conserved in physical
                                         and chemical changes
                                         Examine, evaluate, question and
                                         ethically use information from a variety
                                     e                                                   R
                                         of sources and media to investigate
                                         physical and chemical changes
                                         Nature of Science
                                         Evaluate the reproducibility of an
                                     1   experiment and critically examine               R
                                         conflicts in experimental results
                                         Share experimental data and
                                         respectfully discuss inconsistent results,
                                     2                                                   R
                                         describing their work as emulating the
                                         practice of scientists

                                                  2007 CSAP Assessment Objectives no longer in revised standards
                                     2.3.c; Apply the law of conservation of mass to chemical changes (for example, determine the
                                                              mass of products given the mass of reactants).




                                                                                                               Page 26 of 80
                                                                                                     Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                             Eighth Grade

                                              Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                                    Color
Standard             Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content        District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                                     Standards in Science
                                         Recognize that waves such as
                                                                                             2.7 (high school); Light and sound
                                         electromagnetic, sound, seismic, and
                                     4                                                Y      waves have distinct properties;
                                         water have common characteristics and
                                                                                             frequency, wavelengths and amplitude
                                         unique properties
                                         Compare and contrast different types of
                                     a                                                R
                                         waves
                                         Describe for various waves amplitude,
                                     b                                                R
                                         frequency, wavelength, and speed
                                         Describe the relationship between pitch
                                     c                                                R
                                         and frequency in sound
                                         Develop and design a scientific
  Physical Science




                                     d   investigation regarding absorbtion,          R
                      Eighth Grade




                                         reflection, and refraction of light
                                         Nature of Science
                                                                                             5.4; Models can be used to predict
                                         Evaluate models used to explain and
                                                                                             change (for example: computer
                                     1   predict wave phenomena that cannot be        Y
                                                                                             simulation, video sequence, stream
                                         directly measured
                                                                                             table)
                                         Understand that scientists work from the
                                         assumption that the universe is a single
                                     2   system in which the basic rules are the      R
                                         same everywhere (e.g., the speed of
                                         light in a vaccum is constant across
                                         space and time).
                                         Select and use technology tools to
                                         gather, view, analyze and report results
                                     3                                                R
                                         for scientific investigations about the
                                         characteristics and properties of waves




                                                                                                            Page 27 of 80
                                                                                            Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                    Eighth Grade

                                          Grade Level Expecation                                  Referent:
                                                                                Color
Standard         Grade                                                                   2007 Colorado Model Content      District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                            Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                             Standards in Science
                                     Human activities can deliberately or
                                 1   inadvertently alter ecosystems and           R
                                     their resiliency
                                     Develop, communicate, and justify an
                                 a   evidence-based scientific example how        R
                                     humans can alter ecosystems
                                     Analyze and interpret data about human
                                 b                                                R
                                     impact on local ecosystems
                                     Recognize and infer bias in print and
                                 c   digital resources while researching an       R
                                     environmental issue
                                     Use technology resources such as online
                  Eighth Grade
  Life Science




                                     encyclopedias, online databases, and
                                 d   credible websites to locate, organize,       R
                                     analyze, evaluate, and synthesize
                                     information about human impact on local
                                     ecosystems
                                     Examine, evaluate, question and
                                     ethically use information from a variety
                                 e                                                R
                                     of sources and media to investigate an
                                     environmental issue
                                     Nature of Science
                                     Critically evaluate scientific claims in
                                     popular media and peer generated
                                 1   explanations regarding interactions in       R
                                     ecosystems and determine if the the
                                     evidence presented is appropriate and
                                     sufficient to support the claims




                                                                                                   Page 28 of 80
                                                                                                 Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                         Eighth Grade

                                          Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                                Color
Standard         Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                            Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                                 Standards in Science
                                     Organisms reproduce and transmit                    3.10; Chromosomes and genes play a
                                     genetic information (genes) to                      role in heredity (for example, genes
                                 2                                                Y
                                     offspring, which influence traits of                control traits, while chromosomes are
                                     individuals in the next generation                  made up of many genes)
                                     Develop, communicate and justify an
                                                                                         3.10.a; Describe the relationship
                                     evidence based scientific explanation
                                 a                                                Y      between chromosomes, genes and traits
                                     how genetic information is passed to the
                                                                                         and their role in heredity.
                                     next generation
                                     Use direct and indirect observations,
                                     evidence and data to support claims
                                 b                                                R
                                     about genetic reproduction and traits of
                                     individuals
                                     Gather, analyze and interpret data on
                                 c                                                R
                                     transmitting genetic information
                                                                                         3.10.b; Infer the traits of the offspring
                                     Using models and diagrams, predict the
                                                                                         based on the genes of the parents
                  Eighth Grade
  Life Science




                                 d   phenotype and genotype of offspring          Y
                                                                                         (including dominant, recessive traits and
                                     based on the genotype of the parents
                                                                                         use of punnet square diagrams).
                                     Use computer simulations to model and
                                     predict phenotype and genotype of
                                 e                                                R
                                     offspring based on the genotype of the
                                     parents
                                     Nature of Science
                                     Understand the interconnected nature of
                                 1   math and science by utilizing math in        R
                                     the prediction of future generations

                                     Recognize current understandings of                 5.3; Contributions to the advancement
                                     genetics has developed over time and                of science have been made by people in
                                 2                                                Y
                                     has become more sophisticated as new                different cultures and at different times
                                     technologies have lead to new evidence              in history
                                     Critcally evaluate models used to                   5.4; Models can be used to predict
                                     represent DNA and genes, identifying                change (for example: computer
                                 3   strengths and weaknesses of these            Y
                                                                                         simulation, video sequence, stream
                                     models for representing complex natural             table)
                                     phenomena




                                                                                                         Page 29 of 80
                                                                                                            Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                    Eighth Grade

                                                   Grade Level Expecation                                        Referent:
                                                                                           Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                         2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                     Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                                            Standards in Science
                                              Weather is a result of complex
                                                                                                    4.9; There are quantitative changes in
                                              interactions of Earth’s atmosphere,
                                                                                                    weather conditions over time and space
                                              land and water, driven by energy
                                          1                                                  Y      (for example: humidity, temperature, air
                                              from the sun that can be predicted
                                                                                                    pressure, cloud cover, wind,
                                              and described through complex
                                                                                                    precipitation)
                                              models

                                              Differentiate between basic and severe
  Earth Systems Science




                                              weather conditions, and develop an
                                          a                                                  R
                                              appropriate action plan for personal
                           Eighth Grade


                                              safety and the safety of others

                                              Observe and gather data for various                   4.9.a; Interpret weather data and the
                                          b   weather conditions and compare to              Y      changes that occur over time (graph,
                                              historical data for that date and location            charts, weather maps).
                                              Use models to develop and communicate
                                          c                                                  R
                                              a weather prediction
                                              Nature of Science
                                              Evaluate of the accuracy of various tools
                                          1                                                  R
                                              used in forecasting weather
                                              Use the historical context and the impact
                                              of early weather research and consider
                                          2   the potential implications for current         R
                                              weather studies on science and our
                                              society




                                                                                                                   Page 30 of 80
                                                                                                           Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                   Eighth Grade

                                                   Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                          Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                     Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                           Standards in Science
                                              Earth has a variety of climates
                                              defined by average temperature,
                                          2   precipitation, humidity, air pressure,        R
                                              and wind that have changed over
                                              time in a particular place/location

                                              Develop, communicate and justify an
                                          a   evidence based scientific explanation to      R
                                              account for Earth’s different climates
                                              Research and evaluate direct and
  Earth Systems Science




                                              indirect evidence to explain how climates
                                          b                                                 R
                                              vary from one location to another on
                           Eighth Grade




                                              Earth
                                              Examine, evaluate and question
                                              information from a variety of sources
                                          c   and media to investigate how climates         R
                                              vary from one location to another on
                                              Earth
                                              Nature of Science
                                              Ask a testable question and a falsifiable            1.1; Ask questions and state hypotheses
                                              hypothesis about earth’s climate and use             using prior scientific knowledge to help
                                          1                                                 Y      design and guide development and
                                              an inquiry based approach to find an
                                              answer                                               implementation of a scientific
                                                                                                   investigation
                                              Describe various techniques that
                                              scientists use to study climate, and
                                          2   suggest ways that each technique can          R
                                              be used to better understand various
                                              climates and changes in climate




                                                                                                                  Page 31 of 80
                                                                                                          Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                  Eighth Grade

                                                   Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                                         Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                     Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                                          Standards in Science
                                              The Solar System is comprised of
                                              various objects that orbit the Sun.
                                          3                                                R
                                              These bodies can be classified
                                              based on their characteristics
                                              Construct a scale model of the Solar
                                              System and use it to explain the motion
                                          a   of objects in the system (planets, Sun,      R
                                              moons, asteroids, comets, dwarf
                                              planets) in the Solar System

                                              Describe methods and equipment used
                                          b                                                R
                                              to explore the Solar System and beyond.

                                              Design an investigation that involves
                                          c   direct observation of objects in the sky     R
                                              then analyze and explain your results
  Earth Systems Science




                                              Research, critique and communicate
                                          d   scientific theories that explain how the     R
                           Eighth Grade




                                              Solar System was formed
                                              Use computer data sets and simulations
                                          e                                                R
                                              to explore objects in the Solar System

                                              Recognize that mathematical models are
                                          f                                                R
                                              used to predict orbital paths and events
                                              Nature of Science
                                              Understand that scientists work from the
                                              assumption that the universe is a single
                                          1   system in which the basic rules are the      R
                                              same everywhere, e.g., planets follow
                                              the same rules about forces as other
                                              objects
                                              Recognize that our current
                                              understandings about the solar system
                                              have developed over centuries of studies            5.3; Contributions to the advancement
                                              by many scientists, and that through                of science have been made by people in
                                          2                                                G
                                              continued scientific investigations and             different cultures and at different times
                                              advances in data collection we will                 in history
                                              continue to refine our understandings of
                                              the solar system




                                                                                                                  Page 32 of 80
                                                                                                           Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                   Eighth Grade

                                                   Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                          Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                     Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                           Standards in Science
                                              The relative positions and motions                   4.14; Relative motion, axes tilt and
                                              of Earth, Moon, and Sun can be used                  positions of the Sun, Earth, and Moon
                                          4                                                 Y
                                              to explain observable effects such as                have observable effects (for example:
                                              seasons, eclipses, and Moon phases                   seasons, eclipses, moon phases)
                                              Develop, communicate and justify an
                                              evidence-based explanation, using
                                              relative positions of the Earth, Moon
                                              and Sun to explain the following natural             4.14.a; Understand how the location of
                                          a   phenomenon:                                   Y      the Moon affects the phases of the
                                              Tides
  Earth Systems Science




                                                                                                   Moon, eclipses, and the tides.
                                              Eclipses of the Sun and Moon
                                              Different shapes of the Moon as viewed
                           Eighth Grade




                                              from Earth
                                                                                                   4.14.b; Understand how the tilt and
                                              Analyze and interpret data to explain
                                          b                                                 Y      motions of Earth results in days, years
                                              why we have seasons
                                                                                                   and seasons.
                                              Use models to explain the relative
                                          c   motions of Earth, Moon and Sun over           R
                                              time.
                                              Nature of Science
                                                                                                   5.5; Interrelationships among science,
                                              Explore the global consequences of the
                                                                                                   technology and human activity lead to
                                          1   interrelationships among science,             Y
                                                                                                   further discoveries that impact the world
                                              technology and human activity
                                                                                                   in positive and negative ways
                                              Evaluate visual and print media for
                                              scientific evidence, bias, and conjecture
                                          2   related to historical ideas about the         R
                                              relative positions of the Earth, Moon and
                                              Sun




                                                                                                                  Page 33 of 80
                                                                                                       Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                              Seventh Grade

                                               Grade Level Expecation                                            Referent:
                                                                                      Color
Standard             Grade                                                                         2007 Colorado Model Content              District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                 Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                          Standards in Science
                                          Mixtures of substances can be separated              2.2; Mixtures of substances can be
                                          based on their properties such as                    separated based on their properties (for
                                      1                                                 G      example: solubilities, boiling points,
                                          solubility, boiling points, magnetic
                                          properties, and densities                            magnetic properties, densities and
                                                                                               specific heat)
                                                                                               2.2.a; Explain how to use differences in
                                                                                               solubility, boiling points, and magnetic
                                          Identify properties of substances in a
                                                                                               properties to separate mixtures of
                                      a   mixture that could be used to separate        Y
                                                                                               substances (for example, filtration can
                                          those substance from each other
                                                                                               be used to separate mixtures by
                                                                                               solubility or physical size).
                                          Develop and design a scientific
                                      b   investigation to separate the                 R
  Physical Science




                      Seventh Grade




                                          components of a mixture
                                          Nature of Science
                                                                                               1.1; Ask questions and state hypotheses
                                          Ask testable questions and make a                    that lead to different types of scientific
                                          falsifiable hypothesis about using                   investigations (for example:
                                      1                                                 Y
                                          properties in perform separations, and               experimentation, collecting specimens,
                                          design a method to find an answer.                   constructing models, researching
                                                                                               scientific literature)
                                                                                               1.5.b; Recognize and/or explain that
                                          Evaluate and critique experimental
                                                                                               alternative experimental designs can be
                                      2   procedures designed to separate of            Y
                                                                                               used to investigate the same testable
                                          mixtures
                                                                                               question.
                                          Share experimental data and
                                      3                                                 R
                                          respectfully discuss inconsistent results

                                          Describe several ways in which scientists
                                          would study mixtures and suggest ways
                                      4                                                 R
                                          that this has contributed to our
                                          understandings about materials




                                                                                                               Page 34 of 80
                                                                                                     Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                            Seventh Grade

                                           Grade Level Expecation                                         Referent:
                                                                                    Color
Standard         Grade                                                                           2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                             Evidence Outcomes                      Coding
                                                                                                     Standards in Science
                                      Individual organisms with certain
                                                                                             3.13; Individual organisms with certain
                                      traits are more likely than others to
                                  1                                                   G      traits are more likely than others to
                                      survive and have offspring, in a
                                                                                             survive and have offspring.
                                      specific environment
                                      Develop, communicate and justify an
                                      evidence-based explanation as to why a                 3.13.a; Evaluate the potential of an
                                  a   given organism with specific traits will or     Y      organism with specific traits to survive
                                      will not survive to have offspring in a                and reproduce in an environment.
                                      given environment
                                      Analyze and interpret data about specific
                                      adaptations to provide evidence and
                                  b                                                   R
                                      develop claims about differential survival
                                      and reproductive success

                                      Use information and communication
                                      technology tools to gather information
                                      from credible sources, analyze findings,
                                  c                                                   R
                                      and draw conclusions in order to create
                  Seventh Grade




                                      and justify an evidence-based scientific
  Life Science




                                      explanation
                                      Use computer simulations to model
                                      differential survival and reproductive
                                  d                                                   R
                                      success associated with specific traits in
                                      a given environment
                                      Nature of Science
                                                                                             1.1; Plan and design a scientific
                                                                                             investigation that includes: a)
                                                                                             developing a testable question. B)
                                                                                             researching scientific literature. C)
                                      Create and use sound experimental                      stating a hypthesis. D) Identifying the
                                  1   designs to collect data around survival         Y      independent and dependent variables. E)
                                      and genetic traits                                     Designing a written procedure for a
                                                                                             controlled experiment. F)using an
                                                                                             appropriate observation/measurement
                                                                                             technique for data collection. G)keeping
                                                                                             all other conditions constant
                                      Describe several ways in which scientists
                                      would study genetics and suggest ways
                                  2   that this has contributed to our                R
                                      understandings about survival and
                                      populations




                                                                                                             Page 35 of 80
                                                                                                   Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                          Seventh Grade

                                           Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                                 Color
Standard         Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content               District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                             Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                                  Standards in Science
                                      The human body is composed of                       3.3; There is a differentiation among
                                      atoms, molecules, cells, tissues,                   levels of organization (cells, tissues, and
                                  2   organs, and organ systems that               G
                                                                                          organs) and their roles within the whole
                                      have specific functions and                         organism
                                      interactions
                                      Develop and design a scientific
                                  a   investigation about the human body           R
                  Seventh Grade       systems
  Life Science




                                      Develop, communicate and justify an
                                      evidence based scientific explanation
                                  b                                                R
                                      regarding the functions and interactions
                                      of the human body
                                      Gather, analyze and interpret data and
                                  c   models on the functions and interactions     R
                                      of the human body
                                      Nature of Science
                                      Critically evaluate models, identifying             5.4; Models can be used to predict
                                      the strengths and weaknesses of the                 change (for example: computer
                                  1                                                Y
                                      model in representing our understanding             simulation, video sequence, stream
                                      of the human body                                   table)




                                                                                                          Page 36 of 80
                                                                                                  Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                         Seventh Grade

                                           Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                                 Color
Standard         Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                             Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                                  Standards in Science
                                      Cells are the smallest unit of life that
                                      can function independently and
                                  3                                                R
                                      perform all the necessary functions
                                      of life
                                                                                          3.6; Different types of cells have basic
                                      Gather, analyze and interpret data and              structures, components and functions
                                      models on the different types of cells,             (for example: cell membrane, nucleus,
                                  a                                                Y
                                      their structures, components and                    cytoplasm, chloroplast, single-celled
                                      functions                                           organisms in pond water, Elodea, onion
                                                                                          cell, human cheek cell)

                                      Develop, communicate and justify an
                                      evidence based scientific explanation               3.6.a; Identify cellular organelles and
                                  b                                                Y
                                      regarding cell structures, components               their functions.
                  Seventh Grade




                                      and their specific functions
  Life Science




                                      Compare and contrast the basic
                                                                                          3.6.b; Differentiate between animal and
                                  c   structures and functions of plant cells,     Y
                                                                                          plant cells and single celled organisms.
                                      animal cells and single-celled organisms

                                                                                          1.2.b; Describe how different types of
                                      Employ tools to gather, view, analyze,              technologies are used in scientific
                                  d   and report results for scientific            Y      investigations (e.g., telescopes,
                                      investigations of cells                             computers, calculators, seismographs,
                                                                                          satellites, microscopes, etc.).
                                      Nature of Science
                                      Recognize that our current
                                      understandings about cells has
                                      developed over centuries of studies by              5.3; Contributions to the advancement
                                      many scientists, and that through                   of science have been made by people in
                                  1                                                Y
                                      continued scientific investigations and             different cultures and at different times
                                      advances in data collection we will                 in history
                                      continue to refine our understandings of
                                      cells




                                                                                                          Page 37 of 80
                                                                                                   Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                          Seventh Grade

                                           Grade Level Expecation                                          Referent:
                                                                                 Color
Standard         Grade                                                                         2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                             Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                                    Standards in Science
                                      Photosynthesis and cellular                         3.5; Photosynthesis and cellular
                                      respiration are important processes                 respiration are basic processes of life
                                  4                                                Y      (for example, set up a terrarium or
                                      by which energy is acquired and
                                      utilized by organisms                               aquarium and make changes such as
                                                                                          blocking out light)
                                      Gather, analyze and interpret data
                                                                                          3.5.a; Describe the processes of
                                  a   regarding the basic functions of             Y
                                                                                          photosynthesis and cellular respiration.
                                      photosynthesis and cellular respiration
                                      Use direct and indirect evidence to                 3.5.b; Describe the relationship between
                                      describe the relationship between                   photosynthesis and cellular respiration
                                  b   photosynthesis and cellular respiration      G      within plants and between plants and
                                      within plants and between plants and                animals (for example, animals can only
                                      animals                                             do cellular respiration, plants do both).

                                      Use computer simulations to model the
                                      relationship between photosynthesis and
                                  c                                                R
                                      cellular respiration within plants – and
                                      between plants and animals
                                      Nature of Science
                                                                                          1.1; Plan and design a scientific
                  Seventh Grade
  Life Science




                                                                                          investigation that includes: a)
                                                                                          developing a testable question. B)
                                                                                          researching scientific literature. C)
                                      Ask a testable questions and make a                 stating a hypthesis. D) Identifying the
                                  1   falsifiable hypothesis about                 Y      independent and dependent variables. E)
                                      photosynthesis or respiration                       Designing a written procedure for a
                                                                                          controlled experiment. F)using an
                                                                                          appropriate observation/measurement
                                                                                          technique for data collection. G)keeping
                                                                                          all other conditions constant
                                                                                          1.1; Plan and design a scientific
                                                                                          investigation that includes: a)
                                                                                          developing a testable question. B)
                                                                                          researching scientific literature. C)
                                      Design an experiment to observe                     stating a hypthesis. D) Identifying the
                                  2   photosynthesis or respiration, clearly       Y      independent and dependent variables. E)
                                      defining controls and variables                     Designing a written procedure for a
                                                                                          controlled experiment. F)using an
                                                                                          appropriate observation/measurement
                                                                                          technique for data collection. G)keeping
                                                                                          all other conditions constant
                                      Share experimental data and                         1.6; Communicate results of their
                                      respectfully discuss discrepant results,            investigations in appropriate ways (for
                                  3                                                Y
                                      describing their work as emulating the              example: written reports, graphic
                                      practice of scientists                              displays, oral presentations




                                                                                                          Page 38 of 80
                                                                                                  Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                         Seventh Grade

                                           Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                                 Color
Standard         Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content           District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                             Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                                  Standards in Science
                                      Multiple lines of evidence show the                 3.12; Changes or constancy in groups of
                                  5   evolution of organisms over geologic         G      organisms over geologic time can be
                                      time                                                revealed through evidence
                                      Interpret and analyze data from the
                                                                                          3.12.a; Compare and contrast evidence
                                      fossil record to support a claim that
                                  a                                                Y      of past life from different epochs to
                                      organisms and environments have
                                                                                          existing organisms.
                                      evolved over time
                                      Analyze and critique the evidence
                                  b   regarding the causes/effects of a mass       R
                  Seventh Grade


                                      extinction event
  Life Science




                                      Analyze and interpret data that shows
                                  c                                                R
                                      human evolution
                                      Use technology to share research
                                      findings about the evidence regarding
                                  d                                                R
                                      the causes/effects of a mass extinction
                                      event
                                      Nature of Science
                                      Share data and conclusions, respectfully
                                      discussing conflicting interpretations
                                  1   and alternate explanations, describing       R
                                      their work as emulating the practice of
                                      scientists
                                      Cite various scientific arguments
                                  2   regarding the causes/effects of mass         R
                                      extinctions




                                                                                                         Page 39 of 80
                                                                                                             Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                    Seventh Grade

                                                    Grade Level Expecation                                        Referent:
                                                                                            Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                          2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                      Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                                             Standards in Science
                                               Major geological events such as                       4.4; Major geological events such as
                                               earthquakes, volcanic eruptions,                      earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and
                                           1   mid-ocean ridges, and mountain                 G      mountain building are associated with
                                               building are associated with plate                    plate boundaries and attributed to plate
                                               boundaries and attributed to plate                    motion
                                               motions
                                               Gather, analyze and communicate data,                 4.4.a; Understand plate boundaries,
                                           a   which explains Earth’s plates, plate           Y      their movements, and the resulting
                                               motions and the results of plate motions              geologic events.
                                               Identify, interpret and explain models of
                                           b                                                  R
                                               Earth’s plates’ motions
                                               Use maps to locate likely geologic “hot
  Earth Systems Science




                                           c   spots”, using evience of earthquakes and       R
                                               volcanic activity
                           Seventh Grade




                                               Use web-based or other technology tools
                                               to show connections and patterns in data
                                           d   about tectonic plate boundaries and            R
                                               earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and
                                               mountain building
                                               Nature of Science
                                                                                                     5.4; Models can be used to predict
                                               Construct a model to demonstrate how
                                                                                                     change (for example: computer
                                           1   plate movement results in geologic             Y
                                                                                                     simulation, video sequence, stream
                                               events
                                                                                                     table)
                                               Trace the development of a scientific
                                           2                                                  R
                                               theory using the theory of plate tectonics
                                               Describe the ethical traditions of
                                               science: value peer review, truthful
                                           3   reporting of methods and outcomes,             R
                                               making work public, and sharing a lens
                                               of professional skepticism when
                                               reviewing others work




                                                                                                                    Page 40 of 80
                                                                                                             Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                    Seventh Grade

                                                    Grade Level Expecation                                        Referent:
                                                                                           Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                          2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                      Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                             Standards in Science
                                                                                                    4.6; Successive layers of sedimentary
                                               Geologic time, history, and changing                 rock and the fossils contained within
                                               life forms are indicated by fossils                  them can be used to confirm age,
                                           2   and successive sedimentation,                  G     geologic time, history, and changing life
                                               folding, faulting and uplifting of                   forms of the Earth; this evidence is
                                               layers of sedimentary rock                           affected by the folding, breaking and
                                                                                                    uplifting of layers
                                               Describe the geologic time scale and
                                           a                                                  R
                                               why it is used
                                               Identify and describe the impact of
                                           b                                                  R
                                               major geological events on life on Earth
  Earth Systems Science




                                               Identify and describe major events in
                                           c                                                  R
                                               Earth’s geologic history
                           Seventh Grade




                                                                                                    4.6.a; Interpret rock layers, including
                                               Use direct and indirect evidence to
                                                                                                    position (concept of superpositioning),
                                           d   determine sequence of events in                Y
                                                                                                    composition and fossil content to
                                               geologic time
                                                                                                    determine past conditions.
                                               Nature of Science
                                                                                                    1.1; Ask questions and state hypotheses
                                               Ask testable questions and make                      that lead to different types of scientific
                                               falsifiable hypothses on the history of              investigations (for example:
                                           1                                                  Y
                                               the earth and design a method to find an             experimentation, collecting specimens,
                                               answer                                               constructing models, researching
                                                                                                    scientific literature)
                                               Describe how scientists study fossils and
                                               suggest ways that understanding fossil
                                           2                                                  R
                                               evidence contributed to our knowledge
                                               about life on Earth over geologic time


                                                          2007 CSAP Assessment Objectives no longer in revised standards
                                                   4.6.b; Predict the change in rock layer sequence due to folding, breaking and uplifting.




                                                                                                                    Page 41 of 80
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                                                                                                              Sixth Grade


                                             Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                                    Color
Standard             Grade                                                                      2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                               Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                    Standards in Science
                                        All matter is made of atoms, which
                                        are far too small to see directly                    2.5; All matter is made up of atoms
                                        through a light microscope.                          that are comprised of protons, neutrons
                                    1   Elements have unique atoms and                Y      and electrons and when a substance is
                                        thus, unique properties. Atoms                       made up of only one type of atom it is
                                        themselves are made of even                          an element
                                        smaller particles
                                        Identify evidence that suggests there is
                                    a                                                 R
                                        a fundamental building block of matter
                                        Use the particle model of matter to
                                    b   visualize characteristics of different        R
                                        substances
                                        Develop an evidence based scientific
                                    c   explanation of the atomic model as the        R
                                        foundation for all chemistry.
                                        Find and evaluate appropriate
  Physical Science



                                        information from reference books,
                      Sixth Grade   d   journals, magazines, online references,       R
                                        and databases in order to compare and
                                        contrast historical explanations for the
                                        nature of matter
                                        Nature of Science
                                        Work in groups using the writing
                                        process to effectively communicate an
                                    1                                                 R
                                        understanding of the particle model of
                                        matter
                                        Use technology to share research
                                                                                             1.2; Use appropriate tools, technologies
                                        findings about historical explanations
                                    2                                                 Y      and metric measurements to gather
                                        for the nature of matter and to publish
                                                                                             and organize data and report results
                                        information to various audiences
                                        Create models that explain the particle
                                    3                                                 R
                                        theory of matter
                                         Recognize and describe the ethical
                                        traditions of science: value peer review,
                                                                                             5.5; There are interrelationships among
                                        truthful reporting of methods and
                                    4                                                 Y      science, technology and human activity
                                        outcomes, making work public, and
                                                                                             that affect the world
                                        sharing a lens of professional
                                        skepticism when reviewing others work




                                                                                                            Page 42 of 80
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                                                                                                               Sixth Grade


                                              Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                                    Color
Standard             Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                                     Standards in Science
                                         Atoms may stick together in well-
                                         defined molecules or may be packed                  2.6; When two or more elements are
                                    2    together in large arrays. Different           Y     combined a compound is formed which
                                         arrangements of atoms into groups                   is made up of molecules
                                         compose all substances
                                                                                             2.6.d; Identify that the smallest unit of
                                         Explain the similarities and differences            a compound that still retains the
                                    a                                                  Y
                                         between elements and compounds                      properties of that compound is a
                                                                                             molecule.
                                                                                             2.6.b; Describe that two or more
                                         Identify evidence suggesting that atoms
                                                                                             elements may chemically combine to
                                    b    form into molecules with different            Y
                                                                                             form a compound that may have
  Physical Science                       properties than their component
                                                                                             different properties than the elements.




                      Sixth Grade
                                          Find and evaluate information from a
                                    c                                                  R
                                         variety of resources about molecules
                                         Nature of science
                                         Use models and/or electronic media to
                                    1    show and understand how molecules             G
                                         are made of atoms
                                         Investigate how our current                         5.2; Scientific knowledge changes as
                                         understanding of matter has developed               new knowledge is acquired and previous
                                    2                                                  Y
                                         through centuries of scientific                     ideas are modified (for example:
                                         investigations                                      through space exploration)

                                                  2007 CSAP Assessment Objectives no longer in revised standards

                                                        2.6.a; Explain how mixtures are different than compounds.

                                          2.6.c; Explain that two or more atoms may chemically combine to form a molecule, and
                                        recognize that a molecule can be represented by a chemical formula that shows the ratio of
                                             atoms of each element in the molecule (for example, H2 and H2O are molecules).




                                                                                                             Page 43 of 80
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                                             Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                    Color
Standard             Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                               Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                     Standards in Science
                                        The physical characteristics and                     2.1; Physical properties of solids,
                                        changes of solid, liquid, gas states                 liquids, gases and the plasma state and
                                    3                                                 G
                                        can be explained using the                           their changes can be explained using
                                        particulate model                                    the particulate nature of matter model

                                                                                             2.1.a; Describe the particulate model
                                                                                             for solid, liquid, gas, and plasma
                                        Explain how the arrangement and                      including the arrangement, motion, and
                                    a   motion of particles in a substance (i.e.,     Y      energy of the particles (for example, a
                                        water) determine its state                           lit fluorescent light bulb contains
                                                                                             plasma which has widely spaced and


  Physical Science
                                                                                             highly energetic particles).




                      Sixth Grade
                                                                                             2.1.b; Using the kinetic molecular
                                        Distinguish between changes in
                                                                                             theory, predict how changes in
                                    b   temperature and changes of state using        Y
                                                                                             temperature affect the behavior of
                                        the particle model of matter
                                                                                             particles of matter.
                                        Nature of Science
                                                                                             5.4; Models can be used to predict
                                        Use models and technology tools to
                                                                                             change (for example: computer
                                    1   help visualize what is happening at the       Y
                                                                                             simulation, video sequence, stream
                                        molecular level during phase changes.
                                                                                             table)
                                        Understand and apply the difference
                                                                                             This is new to middle school, previously
                                    2   between scientific laws, theories and         R
                                                                                             it was done only at high school
                                        hypotheses
                                        Work in groups using the writing
                                        process to communicate an
                                    3   understanding how the particle model          R
                                        of matter explains various states of
                                        matter




                                                                                                            Page 44 of 80
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                                             Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                    Color
Standard             Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content               District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                               Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                     Standards in Science
                                        Distinguish between, explain, and
                                                                                             2.4; Mass and weight can be
                                    4   apply the relationships among mass,           Y
                                                                                             distinguished
                                        weight, volume and density
                                                                                             2.4.a; Explain that the mass of an
                                        Explain that the mass of an object does              object is the amount of matter
                                        not change, but its weight changes                   (measured in grams using a balance) it
                                    a                                                 Y
                                        based on the gravitational forces acting             has and the weight of an object is the
                                        upon it                                              force of gravity (measured in Newtons
                                                                                             using a spring scale) acting on its mass.

                                                                                             2.4.b; Predict how changes in the force
                                                                                             of gravity affect the mass and weight of
                                        Predict how changes in acceleration due
                                                                                             an object (for example, the mass of an
                                    b   to gravity will affect the mass and           Y
                                                                                             object on the Moon will stay the same
                                        weight of an object
                                                                                             but its weight will be less than if the
                                                                                             object were on Earth).
                                        Predict how mass, weight, and volume
                                    c                                                 R
                                        affect density
                                        Measure mass and volume and use
                                    d   these quantities to determine                 R
                                        (calculate) density
  Physical Science




                                        Use tools to gather, view, analyze, and              1.6; Communicate results of their
                      Sixth Grade




                                        report results for scientific                        investigations in appropriate ways (for
                                    e   investigations about the relationships        Y
                                                                                             example: written reports, graphic
                                        among mass, weight, volume and                       displays, oral presentations
                                        density
                                        Nature of Science
                                        Calculate the density of a sample,
                                        predict its ability to float or sink in a            2.2.b; Apply the concept of density to
                                        liquid of known density, design and                  explain how mixtures of liquids and
                                    1                                                 Y
                                        perform the experiement and justify                  solids can be separated (for example,
                                        discrepancies in the experimental                    relative densities – sinking and floating).
                                        outcome
                                                                                             1.1; Ask questions and state
                                        Ask testable questions and make a                    hypotheses that lead to different types
                                        falsifiable hypothesis about density and             of scientific investigations (for example:
                                    2                                                 Y
                                        design an inquiry based method to find               experimentation, collecting specimens,
                                        an answer.                                           constructing models, researching
                                                                                             scientific literature)
                                        Select proper tools to measure the                   1.2; Use appropriate tools, technologies
                                    3   mass and volumn of an object and use          Y      and metric measurements to gather
                                        appropriate units.                                   and organize data and report results

                                    2007 Standard Benchmarks for middle school physical science that are no longer a part
                                                                 of the revised standards

                                    2.9; Electric circuits provide a means of transferring electrical energy when heat, light, sound,
                                                           magnetic effects and chemical changes are produced




                                                                                                             Page 45 of 80
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                                         Grade Level Expecation                                          Referent:
                                                                                Color
Standard         Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                           Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                  Standards in Science
                                    Changes in environmental                             3.11; Changes in environmental
                                    conditions can affect the survival of                conditions can affect the survival of
                                1                                                 G
                                    individual organisms, populations,                   individual organisms, populations, and
                                    and entire species                                   entire species
                                    Interpret and analyze data about
                                    changes in environmental conditions
                                a   and populations (e.g., climate change)        R
                                    that support a claim describing why a
                                    specific population might be increasing
                                    or decreasing
                                    Develop, communicate and justify an
                                    evidence-based explanation about how
                                b                                                 R
                                    ecosystems interact with and impact
                                    the global environment

                                    Model equilibrium in an ecosystem,
                                    including basic inputs and outputs, to
                                    predict how a change to that ecosystem
                                c   such as climate change might impact           R
                                    the organisms, populations, and species
                                    within it such as the removal of a top
                                    predator or introduction of a new species

                                    Examine, evaluate, question and
                                    ethically use information from a variety
                                d   of sources and media to investigate how       R
                                    envrionmental conditions affect survival
                                    of individual organisms
  Life Science




                  Sixth Grade




                                    Nature of Science
                                                                                         1.1; Plan and design a scientific
                                                                                         investigation that includes: a)
                                                                                         developing a testable question. B)
                                    Ask testable questions and make a
                                                                                         researching scientific literature. C)
                                    falsifiable hypothesis about how
                                                                                         stating a hypthesis. D) Identifying the
                                    environmental conditions affect
                                1                                                 Y      independent and dependent variables.
                                    organisms, populations, or entire
                                                                                         E) Designing a written procedure for a
                                    species and design a method to find the
                                                                                         controlled experiment. F)using an
                                    answer.
                                                                                         appropriate observation/measurement
                                                                                         technique for data collection. G)keeping
                                                                                         all other conditions constant
                                    Recognize and describe the ethical
                                    traditions of science: value peer review;
                                    truthful reporting of methods and
                                2   outcomes; making work public; and             R
                                    sharing a lens of professional
                                    skepticism when reviewing the work of
                                    others.
                                    Use models and technology tools to                   5.4; Models can be used to predict
                                    help show what happens to individuals,               change (for example: computer
                                3                                                 Y
                                    populations, and species as                          simulation, video sequence, stream
                                    environmental conditions change                      table)

                                           2007 CSAP Assessment Objectives no longer in revised standards
                                   3.11.a; Describe several environmental factors that could limit the size of an organism's
                                                                          population.
                                3.11.b; Describe the impact of humans on the environment and how that affects the survival of
                                                                populations and entire species.




                                                                                                        Page 46 of 80
                                                                     Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                              Sixth Grade


                   Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                    Color
Standard   Grade                                                   2007 Colorado Model Content     District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                     Evidence Outcomes              Coding
                                                                         Standards in Science
                   3.11.c; Describe how organisms change in response to environmental factors.




                                                                            Page 47 of 80
                                                                                                   Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                            Sixth Grade


                                          Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                 Color
Standard         Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content              District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                            Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                  Standards in Science
                                     Organisms interact with one                          3.8; There is a flow of energy and
                                     another and their environment in                     matter in an ecosystem (for example:
                                 2   various ways that create a flow of             Y
                                                                                          as modeled in a food chain, web,
                                     energy and cycling of matter in an                   pyramid, decomposition)
                                     ecosystem
                                     Develop, communicate and justify an
                                                                                          3.8.b; Infer the number of organisms or
                                     evidence-based explanation about why
                                 a                                                  Y     amount of energy available at each
                                     there are generally more producers
                                                                                          level of an energy pyramid.
                                     than consumers in an ecosystem
                                     Design a food web to show the flow of
                                 b                                                  G
                                     energy through an ecosystem
                                                                                          3.8.a; Examine and analyze the flow of
                                     Compare and contrast the flow of                     energy and matter in a dynamic
                                 c   energy with the cycling of matter in           Y     ecosystem (e.g. sun to producer to
                                     ecosystems                                           consumer, roles and importance of
                                                                                          different organisms).
                                     Nature of Science
                                     Scientists work from the assumption
                                     that the universe is a single system in
  Life Science




                  Sixth Grade

                                 1   which the basic rules are the same             R
                                     everywhere – that energy follows the
                                     same rules in an ecosystem as it does
                                     in physic’s experiments.
                                     Generate solutions to help mitigate
                                     environmental problems based on an
                                 2                                                  R
                                     understanding of the cycling of matter
                                     and energy
                                                                                          5.4; models can be used to predict
                                     Create and evaluate models that show
                                                                                          change (for example: computer
                                 3   how interactions create a flow of energy       Y
                                                                                          simulation, video sequence, stream
                                     and a cycling of matter in an ecosystem
                                                                                          table)
                                                                           Y
                                2007 Standard Benchmarks for middle school life science that are no longer a part of the
                                        3.1; Classification schemes can be used to understand the structure of organisms
                                 3.2; Human body systems have specific functions and interaction (for example: circulatory and
                                                                respiratory, muscular and skeletal)
                                3.4; Multicellular organisms have a variety of ways to get food and other matter to their cells (for
                                                  example: digestion, transport of nutrients by circulatory system)
                                  3.7; There are noncommunicable conditions and communicable diseases (for example: heart
                                                                 disease and chicken pox)
                                              3.9; Asexual and sexual cell reproduction/division can be differentiated




                                                                                                          Page 48 of 80
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                                                                                                                  Sixth Grade


                                                  Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                                        Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                      2007 Colorado Model Content         District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                    Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                                         Standards in Science
                                             Complex interrelationships exist                    4.2; Natural processes shape the
                                             between Earth’s structure and                       Earth’s surface (for example:
                                         1   natural processes which over time            Y
                                                                                                 landslides, weathering, erosion,
                                             are both constructive and                           mountain building, volcanic activity)
                                             destructive
                                             Gather, analyze and communicate an                  4.3.a; Explain why Earth's surface is
                                             evidence based explanation for the                  always building up in some places and
                                         a                                                Y




  Earth Systems Science
                                             complex interaction between Earth’s                 wearing and down in others (types of
                                             constructive and destructive forces                 erosion, types of deposition).




                           Sixth Grade
                                             Gather, analyze and communicate                     4.3.a; Explain why Earth's surface is
                                             evidence form text and other sources                always building up in some places and
                                         b                                                Y
                                             that explains the formation of Earth’s              wearing and down in others (types of
                                             surface features                                    erosion, types of deposition).
                                             Nature of Science
                                             Practice the collaborative inquiry
                                             process that scientists use to interpret
                                         1                                                R
                                             local evidence of Earth’s constructive
                                             and destructive processes
                                                                                                 5.4; Models can be used to predict
                                             Create and compare models that show
                                                                                                 change (for example: computer
                                         2   how natural processes effect Earth’s         Y
                                                                                                 simulation, video sequence, stream
                                             structures
                                                                                                 table)




                                                                                                                Page 49 of 80
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                                                                                                                    Sixth Grade


                                                  Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                         Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content              District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                    Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                          Standards in Science
                                             Water on Earth is distributed and
                                                                                                  4.11; The world’s water is distributed
                                             circulated through oceans; glaciers,
                                         2                                                 G      and circulated through oceans, glaciers,
                                             rivers, ground water; and the
                                                                                                  rivers, groundwater, and atmosphere
                                             atmosphere
                                             Gather and analyze data from variety of
                                             print resources and investigations to
                                         a                                                 R
                                             account for local and world-wide water
                                             circulation and distribution patterns

                                                                                                  4.11.a; Explain the processes and
                                             Use evidence to model how water is
                                         b                                                 Y      relationships that connect elements (all
                                             transferred throughout the earth
                                                                                                  water sources) of the water cycle.

  Earth Systems Science                      Identify problems and propose solutions




                           Sixth Grade
                                         c   related to water quality, circulation and     R
                                             distribution, both locally and worldwide
                                             Identify the various causes and effects
                                         d   of water pollution in local and world         R
                                             water distributions
                                             Describe where water goes after you
                                         e                                                 R
                                             use it in your house
                                             Nature of Science
                                                                                                  1.1; Ask questions and state
                                             Ask testable questions and make                      hypotheses that lead to different types
                                         1   falsifiable hypotheses about water            Y      of scientific investigations (for example:
                                             distribution                                         experimentation, collecting specimens,
                                                                                                  constructing models, researching
                                                                                                  scientific literature)
                                             Create and evalute models, identifying               5.4; Models can be used to predict
                                             the strengths and weaknesses of the                  change (for example: computer
                                         2                                                 Y
                                             model in representing water circulation              simulation, video sequence, stream
                                             and distribution                                     table)




                                                                                                                  Page 50 of 80
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                                                                                                                     Sixth Grade


                                                    Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                                           Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                      Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                           Standards in Science
                                               Earth’s natural resources provide
                                               the foundation for all of the physical
                                                                                                    4.2; Humans use renewable and
                                               needs of human society. Many of
                                          3                                                  Y      nonrenewable resources (for example:
                                               these resources are non-renewable
                                                                                                    forests and fossil fuels)
                                               on human time scales while others
                                               can be renewed or recycled
                                               Research and evaluate data and
                                               information to learn about the types
                                          a    and availability of various natural           R
                                               resources and use this knowledge to
                                               made evidence based decisions
                                                                                                    4.2.b; Predict the advantages and
                                               Identify and evaluate types and
                                                                                                    disadvantages of using both types of
                                          b    availability of renewable rand non-           Y
                                                                                                    energy resources (renewable and non-
                                               renewable resources
                                                                                                    renewable) and their sustainability.
                                               Use direct and indirect evidence to
                                               determine the types of resources and
                                          c                                                  R
                                               their applications used in your
                                               community
                                               Research and critically evaluate data
                                               and information about the advantages
  Earth Systems Science




                                          d                                                  R
                                               and disadvantages of using fossil fuels
                                               and alternative energy sources
                           Sixth Grade




                                               Nature of Science
                                               Recognize and describe the ethical
                                               traditions of science: value peer review,
                                               truthful reporting of methods and
                                          1                                                  R
                                               outcomes, making work public, and
                                               sharing a lens of professional
                                               skepticism when reviewing others work


                                                       2007 CSAP Assessment Objectives no longer in revised standards
                                              4.2.a; Understand the differences between renewable and nonrenewable energy resources.

                                          2007 Standard Benchmarks for middle school Earth science that are no longer a part of
                                                           4.1; Inter-relationships exist between minerals, rocks, and soils
                                            4.5; Fossils are formed and used as evidence to indicate that life has changed through time
                                          4.7; The atmosphere has basic composition, properties, and structure (for example: the range
                                                 and distribution of temperature and pressure in the troposphere and stratosphere)
                                           4.8; Atmospheric circulation is driven by solar heating (for example: the transfer of energy by
                                                                           radiation, convection, conduction)
                                          4.10; There are large-scale and local weather systems (for example: fronts, air masses, storms)
                                          4.12; The ocean has a certain composition and physical characteristics (for example: currents,
                                                               waves, features of the ocean floor, salinity, and tides)
                                          4.13; There are characteristics (components, composition, size) and scientific theories of origin
                                                                                  of the solar system
                                          4.15; The universe consists of many billions of galaxies (each containing many billions of stars)
                                         4.15; Technology is needed to explore space (for example: telescopes, spectroscopes, spacecraft,
                                                                                life support systems)




                                                                                                                   Page 51 of 80
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                                                                                                                Fifth Grade

                                             Grade Level Expecation                                         Referent:
                                                                                      Color
Standard             Grade                                                                         2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                               Evidence Outcomes                      Coding
                                                                                                       Standards in Science
                                        Mixtures of matter can be separated
                                        regardless of how they were
                                    1                                                   R      This was a middle school standard (2.2)
                                        created; the total weight/mass is
                                        the same as the sum of its parts
                                        Develop, communicate, and justify a
                                    a   procedure to separate simple mixtures           R
                                        based on physical properties
                                        Share evidence-based conclusions and
                                        an understanding of the impact on the
                                    b                                                   R
                                        weight/mass of a liquid or gas mixture
                                        before and after it is separated into parts
                                        Nature of Science
                                                                                               1.1; Design, plan and conduct a variety
                                        Ask testable questions about energy,
                                                                                               of simple investigations (for example:
                                        make a falsifiable hypothesis, design an
  Physical Science




                                                                                               formulate a testable question, state a
                                    1   inquiry based method of finding the             Y
                      Fifth Grade




                                                                                               hypothesis, make systematic
                                        answer, collect data, and form a
                                                                                               observations, develop and communicate
                                        conclusion.
                                                                                               logical conclusions based on evidence)
                                                                                               1.2; Select and use appropriate tools and
                                                                                               technology to gather and display (for
                                                                                               example: graphs, charts, diagrams)
                                        Select appropriate tools to conduct an                 quantitative and qualitative data related
                                    2   experiment, use them correctly, and             Y      to an investigation (for example: length,
                                        report the data in proper units                        volume, and mass measuring
                                                                                               instruments, thermometers, watches,
                                                                                               magnifiers, microscopes, calculators, and
                                                                                               computers)
                                        Share results of experiments with others
                                    3   and respectfully discuss results that are       R
                                        not expected
                                        Review and analyze information
                                        presented by peers and provide feedback
                                        on their evidence and scientific reasoning
                                    4                                                   R
                                        about the seperation of mixtures and
                                        how the seperation impacts its total
                                        weight/mass




                                                                                                              Page 52 of 80
                                                                                                   Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                            Fifth Grade

                                         Grade Level Expecation                                            Referent:
                                                                                 Color
Standard         Grade                                                                         2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                           Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                                     Standards in Science
                                                                                          3.1 Each plant or animal has different
                                    All organisms have structures and                     structures and behaviors that serve
                                1                                                  Y
                                    systems with separate functions                       different functions in growth, survival,
                                                                                          and reproduction
                                    Develop, communicate and justify an
                                                                                          3.1.a; Identify and describe different
                                    evidence-based scientific explanation of
                                                                                          plant structures that serve different
                                a   the role of different organs or structures     Y
                                                                                          functions in growth, survival and
                                    that are important for an organism’s
                                                                                          reproduction.
                                    survival, in both plants and animals
  Life Science




                                    Analyze and interpret data to generate                3.1.a; Identify and describe different
                  Fifth Grade




                                    evidence that all organisms have                      animal structures and behaviors that
                                b                                                  Y
                                    structures that are required for survival             serve different functions in growth,
                                    in both plants and animals                            survival and reproduction.
                                                                                          5.2; Models are used to represent events
                                    Create and evaluate models of plant                   and objects (for example: comparing a
                                d                                                  Y
                                    and/or animal systems or parts                        map of the school to the actual school; a
                                                                                          model of the Earth to the Earth itself)
                                    Nature of Science
                                    Review and analyze information
                                    presented by peers and provide on the
                                1                                                  R
                                    importance of different structures to the
                                    organism in both plants and animals




                                                                                                          Page 53 of 80
                                                                                                 Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                          Fifth Grade

                                         Grade Level Expecation                                           Referent:
                                                                                Color
Standard         Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                           Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                   Standards in Science
                                                                                         3.3; Human body systems have basic
                                    Human body systems have basic                        structures, functions and needs (for
                                2                                                 G
                                    structures, functions, and needs                     example: digestive, respiratory,
                                                                                         circulatory, skeletal, muscular)
                                    Develop, communicate and justify an
                                    evidence-based scientific explanation
                                a                                                 R
                                    regarding how humans address basic
                                    survival needs
                                    Analyze and interpret data to generate
                                b   evidence that human systems are               R
                                    interdependent
                                    Assess further scientific explanations
                                c   regarding basic human body system             R
                                    functions
                                    Create and evaluate models of human
                                d                                                 R
                                    body systems and organs
  Life Science




                  Fifth Grade




                                    Compare and contrast a human system
                                    to that of another organism. Provide
                                e                                                 R
                                    hypotheses why the similarities and
                                    differences exist.
                                    Nature of Science
                                    Review and analyze information
                                    presented by peers on the structure and
                                1   function of the human body and provide        R
                                    feedback on their evidence and scientific
                                    conclusions
                                    Critically evaluate models of the human              5.2; Models are used to represent events
                                    body, identifying the strengths and                  and objects (for example: comparing a
                                2                                                 Y
                                    weaknesses of the model in representing              map of the school to the actual school; a
                                    complex natural phenomena                            model of the Earth to the Earth itself)


                                             2007 CSAP Assessment Objectives no longer in revised standards
                                                      3.3.a; Identify organ systems and the major organs.
                                                  3.3.b Describe the function of various human body systems.




                                                                                                        Page 54 of 80
                                                                                                           Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                    Fifth Grade

                                                  Grade Level Expecation                                        Referent:
                                                                                          Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                    Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                                           Standards in Science
                                             Earth and Sun provide a diversity of
                                                                                                   4.3; Many of the Earth’s resources can
                                         1   renewable and nonrenewable                     Y
                                                                                                   be conserved, recycled and depleted
                                             resources
                                             Develop and communicate and justfiy a
                                             scientific explanation addressing a
                                         a   scientifically oriented question of local      R
                                             relevance about resources generated by
  Earth Systems Science




                                             the sun or Earth
                                             Analyze and interpret a variety of data to
                                                                                                   4.3.a; Explain the depletion of resources
                           Fifth Grade



                                             understand the origin, utilization, and
                                         b                                                  Y      and the benefit for conserving, recycling
                                             concerns associated with natural
                                                                                                   (landfills, water).
                                             resources
                                             Nature of Science
                                             Review and analyze scientific
                                             explanations about natural resources
                                             presented by their peers, providing
                                         1   feedback to push their peers to be             R
                                             scientifically accurate and base their
                                             claims on adequate and reasonable
                                             scientific evidence, not opinion
                                             Earth and Sun provide a variety of
                                         2                                                  R
                                             renewable and nonrenewable resources




                                                                                                                  Page 55 of 80
                                                                                                             Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                      Fifth Grade

                                                  Grade Level Expecation                                         Referent:
                                                                                           Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                         2007 Colorado Model Content               District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                    Evidence Outcomes                      Coding
                                                                                                            Standards in Science
                                                                                                    4.2; Natural processes change Earth's
                                             Earth’s surface is constantly
                                                                                                    surface (for example: weathering,
                                         2   changing through a variety of                   Y
                                                                                                    erosion, mountain building, volcanic
                                             processes and forces
                                                                                                    activity, earthquakes and floods)

                                             Analyze and interpret data identifying
                                             ways Earth’s surface is constantly                     4.2.a; Identify and describe the concepts
                                             changing through a variety of processes                of weathering, erosion, and deposition
                                         a                                                   Y
                                             and forces (e.g., plate tectonics, erosion,            and the resulting physical features
                                             deposition, solar influences, climate,                 (canyons, mountains, etc).
                                             human activity, and so forth)
  Earth Systems Science




                                             Develop and communicate an evidence
                                             based scientific explanation around one
                                         b                                                   R
                           Fifth Grade




                                             or more factors that change Earth’s
                                             surface
                                             Nature of Science
                                             Ask testable research questions about                  1.1.c; Identify and develop a testable
                                         1                                                   Y
                                             how the earth surface changes                          question, and state a hypothesis.
                                             Utilize a variety of media sources to
                                         2   collect data for analysis regarding Earth       R
                                             processes and the changing surface
                                              Assess and provide feedback on other’s
                                             scientific explanations about factors that
                                         3   change Earth’s surface, pushing for             R
                                             reasoning based on evidence and
                                             scientific principles

                                                      2007 CSAP Assessment Objectives no longer in revised standards

                                         4.2.b; Explain the contribution of volcanic and earthquake activity to the changes in Earth's surface.




                                                                                                                    Page 56 of 80
                                                                                                          Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                   Fifth Grade

                                                  Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                                         Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                      2007 Colorado Model Content        District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                    Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                         Standards in Science
                                             Weather conditions change because
                                             of the uneven heating of Earth’s
                                             surface by the Sun’s energy.
                                         3   Weather changes are measured by               R      Moved down from middle school
                                             differences in temperature, air
                                             pressure, wind and water in the
                                             atmosphere and type of precipitation

                                             Develop, communicate, and justify an
                                         a   evidence based scientific explanation for     R
                                             changes in weather conditions
                                             Gather, analyze and interpret data such
  Earth Systems Science




                                             as temperature, air pressure, wind, and
                                         b                                                 R
                                             humidity in relation to daily weather
                                             conditions
                           Fifth Grade




                                             Describe weather conditions based on
                                         c   data collected using a variety of weather     R
                                             tools
                                             Use data collection tools and measuring
                                             devices to gather, organize, and analyze
                                         e   data such as temperature, air pressure,       R
                                             wind, and humidity in relation to daily
                                             weather conditions
                                             Nature of Science
                                             Support explinations of weather using
                                         1                                                 R
                                             evidence
                                             Understand how weather maps are
                                         2   utilized to predict the weather from day      R
                                             to day
                                             Assess and provide feedback on other
                                             student's scientific explanations about
                                         3                                                 R
                                             weather, pushing for reasoning based on
                                             evidence and scientific principles




                                                                                                                 Page 57 of 80
                                                                                                         Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                Fourth Grade

                                              Grade Level Expecation                                            Referent:
                                                                                       Color
Standard             Grade                                                                          2007 Colorado Model Content               District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                Evidence Outcomes                      Coding
                                                                                                         Standards in Science
                                         Energy comes in many forms such                        2.5; There are different types and
                                     1   as light, heat, sound, magnetic,                G      sources of energy (for example: light,
                                         chemical and electrical                                heat, motion)
                                                                                                2.5.a; Identify various types of energy
                                         Identify and describe the variety of
                                     a                                                   G      and common sources of these types of
                                         energy sources
                                                                                                energy.
                                         Show that electivity in circuits requires a
                                                                                                2.6.a; Recognize that an electrical circuit
                                     b   complete loop through which current can         G
                                                                                                must be complete to function.
                                         pass
                                         Describe the energy transformation that
                                                                                                2.6.b; Give examples of devices that use
                                         takes place in electrical circuits where
                                     c                                                   G      electrical energy to produce light, heat,
                                         light, heat, sound and magnetic effects
                                                                                                sound, and magnetic effects.
                                         are produced
                                         Use multiple resources, including print,
                                         electronic, and human, to locate
                                     d                                                   R
                                         information about different sources of
  Physical Science




                                         energy, renewable and non renewable
                      Fourth Grade




                                         Nature of Science
                                                                                                1.1; Design, plan and conduct a variety
                                                                                                of simple investigations (for example:
                                         Ask a testable question about energy,
                                                                                                formulate a testable question, state a
                                     1   design a method of finding the answer,          Y
                                                                                                hypothesis, make systematic
                                         collect data, and form a conclusion
                                                                                                observations, develop and communicate
                                                                                                logical conclusions based on evidence)

                                         Critically evaluate models of energy,
                                         identifying the strengths and
                                     2                                                   R
                                         weaknesses of the model in representing
                                         what happens in the real world.
                                                                                                5.2; Models are used to represent
                                          Understand that models are developed                  events and objects (for example:
                                     3   to explain and predict phenomena that           Y      comparing a map of the school to the
                                         cannot be directly observed                            actual school; a model of the Earth to
                                                                                                the Earth itself)
                                         Create plans to decrease electrical
                                     4   energy use for one week and evaluate            R
                                         the results




                                                                                                                Page 58 of 80
                                                                                                  Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                         Fourth Grade

                                          Grade Level Expecation                                          Referent:
                                                                                 Color
Standard         Grade                                                                         2007 Colorado Model Content          District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                            Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                    Standards in Science
                                     All living things share similar                      3.7; There are similarities and
                                     characteristics, but they also have                  differences between organisms (for
                                 1                                                 G
                                     differences that allow us to describe                example: plants vs. animals, vertebrate
                                     and classify them                                    vs. invertebrate)
                                     Develop and communicate an evidence
                                 a   based scientific explanation of what          R
                                     plants and animals need to survive
                                     Develop and communicate an evidence
                                     based scientific explanation for
                                 b                                                 R
                                     similarities and/or differences between
                  Fourth Grade




                                     different organisms (species)
  Life Science




                                     Analyze and interpret data representing
                                 c                                                 R
                                     variation in a trait
                                     Examine, evaluate, question and
                                     ethically use information from a variety
                                 e   of sources and media to investigate           R
                                     questions about characteristics of living
                                     things
                                     Nature of Science
                                     Understand that all scientific knowledge
                                     is subject to new findings and that the
                                 1                                                 R
                                     presence of reproducible results yields a
                                     scientific theory
                                     Evaluate and provide feedback on
                                 2   evidence used by others to justify how        R
                                     they classified organisms.




                                                                                                         Page 59 of 80
                                                                                                  Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                         Fourth Grade

                                          Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                 Color
Standard         Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                            Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                  Standards in Science
                                     Comparing fossils to each other, or
                                                                                          3.6; Fossils can be compared to one
                                     to living organisms, reveals features
                                                                                          another and to living organisms
                                 2   of prehistoric environments and               G
                                                                                          according to their similarities and
                                     gives us information about
                                                                                          differences
                                     organisms today

                                     Develop, communicate and justify an
                                     evidence-based scientific explanation of:
                                     what fossils tell us about a prehistoric
                                                                                          3.6.a; Describe evidence that shows life
                                 a   environment                                   Y
                                                                                          has changed over time.
                                     what conclusions can be drawn from
                                     similarities between fossil evidence and
                                     living organisms
                                     Analyze and interpret data to generate
                  Fourth Grade
  Life Science




                                 b   evidence about the prehistoric                R
                                     environment
                                     Evaluate whether reasoning and
                                 c   conclusions about given fossils are           R
                                     supported by evidence
                                     Use computer simulations used to model
                                 d   and re-create past environments for           R
                                     study and entertainment
                                     Nature of Science
                                     Ask a testable question about past                   1.1.c; Identify and develop a testable
                                 1                                                 G
                                     environments                                         question, and state a hypothesis.

                                     Make predictions about past                          1.1.c; Identify and develop a testable
                                 2                                                 G
                                     environments based on fossil evidence                question, and state a hypothesis.

                                     Recognize that different interpretations
                                 3                                                 R
                                     of evidence are possible




                                                                                                         Page 60 of 80
                                                                                                    Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                           Fourth Grade

                                            Grade Level Expecation                                           Referent:
                                                                                  Color
Standard         Grade                                                                          2007 Colorado Model Content          District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                              Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                                     Standards in Science
                                                                                            3.4; There is interaction and
                                       There is interaction and                             interdependence between and among
                                       interdependence between and                          nonliving and living components of
                                 3                                                   G
                                       among living and nonliving                           ecosystems (for example: food webs,
                                       components of systems                                symbiotic and parasitic relationships,
                                                                                            dependence on rainfall, pollination)
                                       Use evidence to develop a scientific
                                 a     explanation on how organisms adapt to         R
                                       their habitat
                                       Identify the components that make a
                                 b                                                   R
                                       habitat type unique.
                                       Compare and contrast different habitat
                                 c                                                   R
                                       types
                                       Create and evaluate models of the flow
                                 d     of non-living components/resources            R
                                       through an ecosystem
                                       Make a plan to positively impact a local
                                 e                                                   R
                  Fourth Grade




                                       ecosystem
  Life Science




                                       Examine, evaluate, question and
                                       ethically use information from a variety
                                 f                                                   R
                                       of sources and media to investigate
                                       endangered habitats
                                       Nature of Science
                                       Understand that models are developed                 5.2; Models are used to represent
                                       to explain and predict natural                       events and objects (for example:
                                 1     phenomena that cannot be directly             Y      comparing a map of the school to the
                                       observed because they happen over                    actual school; a model of the Earth to
                                       long periods of time                                 the Earth itself)
                                       Evaluate models that show interactions
                                                                                            5.2; Models are used to represent
                                       between living and nonliving
                                                                                            events and objects (for example:
                                       components of ecosystems, identifying
                                 2                                                   Y      comparing a map of the school to the
                                       the strengths and weaknesses of the
                                                                                            actual school; a model of the Earth to
                                       model in representing what happens in
                                                                                            the Earth itself)
                                       the real world.


                                                2007 CSAP Assessment Objectives no longer in revised standards
                                     3.4.a; Identify and describe the influence of nonliving components on living components of an
                                                                                ecosystem.
                                               3.4.b; Identify and describe the interaction of organisms in an ecosystem.




                                                                                                           Page 61 of 80
                                                                                                           Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                  Fourth Grade

                                                  Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                         Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content              District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                    Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                          Standards in Science
                                              Earth is part of our solar system
                                              which includes the Sun, Moon, and                   4.9; The rotation of the Earth on its
                                              other bodies that orbit the sun in                  axis, in relation to the Sun, produces the
                                          1                                                Y
                                              predictable patterns. These patterns                day-and-night cycle and the orbit of the
                                              lead to observable paths of objects                 Earth around the Sun completes one year
                                              in the sky as seen from Earth

                                              Gather, analyze and interpret data about
                                          a                                                R
                                              components of the solar system
                                              Utilize direct and indirect evidence to
  Earth Systems Science




                                          b   investigate the components of the solar      R
                                              system
                           Fourth Grade




                                                                                                  4.9.a; Describe the events that occur as
                                              Gather, analyze, and interpret data
                                                                                                  a result of the motions of the earth
                                          c   about the sun rise and set,and moon          Y
                                                                                                  (day/night, year, revolution vs. rotation,
                                              movements and phases
                                                                                                  orbit).
                                              Develop a scientific explanation
                                          d   regarding relationships of the               R
                                              components of the solar system
                                              Nature of Science
                                               Understand that models are developed               5.2; Models are used to represent
                                              to explain and predict natural                      events and objects (for example:
                                          1   phenomena that cannot be directly            Y      comparing a map of the school to the
                                              observed because they happen over                   actual school; a model of the Earth to
                                              long periods of time                                the Earth itself)
                                              Critically evaluate models of the solar             5.2; Models are used to represent
                                              system, identifying the strengths and               events and objects (for example:
                                          2                                                Y      comparing a map of the school to the
                                              weaknesses of the model in representing
                                              what happens in the real solar system.              actual school; a model of the Earth to
                                                                                                  the Earth itself)




                                                                                                                  Page 62 of 80
                                                                                                      Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                              Third Grade

                                             Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                    Color
Standard             Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                               Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                     Standards in Science
                                        Matter exists in different states
                                                                                             2.4; Matter exists in physical states
                                        (solids, liquids, and gases) and can
                                    1                                                 G      (solid, liquid, gas) and can change from
                                        change from one state to another by
                                                                                             one state to another
                                        heating and cooling
                                        Analyze and interpret observations about
                                    a   matter as it freezes and melts, and boils     R
                                        and condenses
                                        Develop, communicate, and justify an
                                        evidence-based scientific explanation
                                    b                                                 R
                                        around how heating and cooling affects
                                        changes in states of matter
                                                                                             2.4.a; Identify the physical states of
                                        Identify the state of any sample of                  matter and describe the physical
                                    c                                                 Y      properties of each (for example, a liquid
                                        matter
                                                                                             has a definite volume but takes the
                                                                                             shape of its container).
                                        Nature of Science
                                                                                             1.1; Design, plan and conduct a variety
                                        Ask a testable question about the                    of simple investigations (for example:
                                        heating and cooling of a substance,                  formulate a testable question, state a
  Physical Science




                                    1                                                 Y
                                        design a method of finding the answer,               hypothesis, make systematic
                      Third Grade




                                        collect data, and form a conclusion                  observations, develop and communicate
                                                                                             logical conclusions based on evidence)
                                        Demonstrate the importance of keeping
                                    2   accurate observations and notes in            R
                                        science
                                        Share results of experiments with others
                                    3   and respectfully discuss results that are     R
                                        not expected




                                                                                                             Page 63 of 80
              Third G
  Physical
                                                                                          Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                  Third Grade

                                Grade Level Expecation                                         Referent:
                                                                        Color
Standard     Grade                                                                    2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                  Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                          Standards in Science

                                    2007 CSAP Assessment Objectives no longer in revised standards

                        2.4.b; Identify the physical state of a given material, and recognize that changes in the physical
                                         state of matter do not change the composition of the substance.
                         2.4.c; Describe how the processes of melting, freezing, evaporation, and condensation change
                                                   matter from one physical state to another.



                        2007 Standard Benchmarks for intermediate grade physical science that are no longer a
                                                   part of the revised standards

                                       2.8; Changes in speed or direction of motion are caused by forces


                                 2.7; There are different types of forces (for example: gravity and magnetism)




                                                                                                 Page 64 of 80
                                                                                                  Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                          Third Grade

                                         Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                Color
Standard         Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content           District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                           Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                 Standards in Science
                                    The duration and timing of life cycle                3.5; Life cycles vary from organism to
                                1   events (i.e., reproduction, longevity)         G     organism (for example: frog, chicken,
                                    vary across organisms and species                    butterfly, radish, bean plant)

                                    Use evidence to develop a scientific
                                a   explanation regarding the stages of how        R
                                    organisms develop and change over time

                                    Analyze and interpret data to generate
                                                                                         3.5.b; Sequence the stages of growth of
                                b   evidence that different organisms              Y
                                                                                         plants and animals.
                                    develop differently over time
                                    Use a variety of media to collect and
                                c   analyze data regarding how organisms           R
                                    develop
                                    Nature of science
                                    Ask a testable question about the life               1.1.c; Identify and develop a testable
                                1                                                  G
                                    cycles of a variety of organisms                     question, and state a hypothesis.
  Life Science




                  Third Grade




                                    Compare what is done in class to the
                                    work of scientists:
                                    Scientists evaluate and use data
                                    generated by other scientists to further
                                    their own ideas, just like students
                                    compare data in class
                                2                                                  R
                                    A community of scientists weaves
                                    together different evidence and ideas to
                                    deepen understanding, similar to how
                                    students do investigations and read
                                    books to deepen understanding about a
                                    concept


                                            2007 CSAP Assessment Objectives no longer in revised standards
                                                 3.5.a; Identify organisms that go through similar life stages.

                                2007 Standard Benchmarks for Intermediate grade life science that are no longer a part
                                                              of the revised standards
                                    3.3; Fossil evidence helps identify organisms that once lived on Earth but have completely
                                     disappeared (for example: dinosaurs, dodo bird, woolly mammoth and saber tooth tiger)




                                                                                                         Page 65 of 80
                                                                                                           Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                   Third Grade

                                                  Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                        Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                    Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                                          Standards in Science
                                             Earth’s materials can be broken
                                             down and/or combined into                            4.2; Natural processes change Earth's
                                             different materials such as rocks,                   surface (for example: weathering,
                                         1                                                 Y
                                             minerals, rock cycle, formation of                   erosion, mountain building, volcanic
                                             soil, and sand – some of which are                   activity, earthquakes and floods)
                                             usable resources for human activity
                                             Investigate and identify two or more
                                             ways Earth’s materials can be broken
                                         a   down and/or combined in different ways        R
                                             (e.g., minerials into rocks, rock cycle,
                                             formation of soil, sand)
                                             Use evidence to develop a scientific
                                             explanation about one or more
                                         b                                                 R
                                             processes that break down and/or
  Earth Systems Science




                                             combine Earth materials
                                             Utilize a variety of media sources to
                           Third Grade




                                             collect and analyze data around Earth
                                         c                                                 R
                                             materials and the processes by which
                                             they are formed
                                             Nature of Science
                                             Ask testable questions about the                     1.1; Identify and develop a testable
                                         1                                                 Y
                                             composition and formation of rocks                   question, and state a hypothesis.
                                                                                                  5.2; Models are used to represent
                                             Use models to demonstrate the rock                   events and objects (for example:
                                         2   cycle or what other ways Earth materials      Y      comparing a map of the school to the
                                             are broken down or combined                          actual school; a model of the Earth to
                                                                                                  the Earth itself)

                                         2007 Standard Benchmarks for intermidiate grade Earth science that are no longer a
                                                                  part of the revised standards
                                                                4.1; Fossils are evidence of past life
                                                               4.4; Weather is different from climate

                                         4.5; Most of the Earth’s surface is covered by water, that most of the water is salt water in the
                                             oceans, and that fresh water is found in rivers, lakes, underground sources and glaciers

                                         4.6; Water exists on Earth in different states (solid, liquid, gas) and changes from one state to
                                                      another (for example: evaporation, condensation and precipitation)




                                                                                                                  Page 66 of 80
                                                                                                       Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                              Second Grade

                                              Grade Level Expecation                                           Referent:
                                                                                     Color
Standard             Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content               District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                       Standards in Science
                                         Changes in speed or direction of                     2.3; The only way to change the motion
                                     1   motion are caused by forces such as           G      of an object is by pushing or pulling on it
                                         pushes and pulls                                     (force)
                                         Identify and predict how the direction or
                                     a   speed of an object may change due to          R
                                         an outside force
                                         Analyze and interpret observable data
  Physical Science




                                     b   about the impact of forces on the motion      R
                      Second Grade



                                         of objects
                                         Nature of Science
                                                                                              1.3; Conduct simple experiments using
                                         Select appropriate tools for data                    tools and technology (for example:
                                     1                                                 Y
                                         collection                                           computers, thermometers, magnifiers,
                                                                                              rulers, balances)
                                                                                              1.3; Conduct simple experiments using
                                          Measure the change in speed or
                                                                                              tools and technology (for example:
                                     2   direction of an object using appropriate      Y
                                                                                              computers, thermometers, magnifiers,
                                         units
                                                                                              rulers, balances)
                                         Collaboratively design an experiments,
                                     3                                                 R
                                         identifying the constants and variables




                                                                                                              Page 67 of 80
                                                                                                   Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                          Second Grade

                                          Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                 Color
Standard         Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                            Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                  Standards in Science
                                                                                          3.5; Organisms interact with each other
                                     Organisms depend on non-living
                                                                                          and with nonliving parts of their habitat
                                 1   parts of their habitat to satisfy their       G
                                                                                          to meet their basic needs (for example:
                                     needs
                                                                                          food, water, air, shelter, space)
                                     Use evidence to develop a scientific
                                 a   explanation about how organisms               R
                                     depend on their habitat.
                                     Analyze and interpret data about non-
                                 b                                                 R
                                     living components of a habitat
                                     Assess and provide feedback on other
                  Second Grade




                                 c   scientific explanations regarding why an      R
  Life Science




                                     organism can survive in its habitat.
                                     Use instruments to make observations
                                     about habitat components. For example,
                                 d   data can be collected from a fish tank to     R
                                     assess the environmental health
                                     (dissolved oxygen, pH, Nitrogen content)
                                     Nature of Science
                                     Describe different ways that scientists
                                 1   seek to understand about organisms and        R
                                     their interactions with the environment

                                     Collaborate with other students in
                                 2   developing a scientific explanation about     R
                                     how organims depend on their habitat




                                                                                                          Page 68 of 80
                                                                                                   Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                          Second Grade

                                          Grade Level Expecation                                           Referent:
                                                                                 Color
Standard         Grade                                                                         2007 Colorado Model Content          District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                            Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                     Standards in Science
                                     Each plant or animal has different                   3.1; An organism (plant, animal) is a
                                 2   structures or behaviors that serve            Y      living thing that has physical
                                     different functions                                  characteristics that help it to survive
                                     Use evidence to develop an explanation
                                 a   as to why a habitat is or is not suitable     R
                                     for a specific organism
                  Second Grade
  Life Science




                                     Analyze and interpret data about
                                 b   structures or behaviors of a population       R
                                     that help that population survive
                                     Nature of science
                                     Give feedback regarding the advantages
                                 1                                                 R
                                     of certain structures or behaviors
                                     Share observations, and provide and
                                     respond to feedback on ideas about the               5.1; Use their senses to make and
                                 2                                                 Y
                                     advantages of specific structures and                describe careful observations
                                     behaviors




                                                                                                          Page 69 of 80
                                                                                                          Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                 Second Grade

                                                   Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                                         Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                       2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                     Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                                          Standards in Science
                                              Weather and the changing seasons                    4.4; Our activities are affected by the
                                              impact the environment and                          daily weather and changing seasons (for
                                          1                                                Y
                                              organisms such as humans, plants,                   example: types of clothing, travel plans,
                                              and other animals                                   recreational activity)

                                              Use evidence to develop a scientific
                                              explanation for how the weather and
                                          a   changing seasons impacts the organisms       R
                                              such as humans, plants, and other
                                              animals – and the environment
                                              Analyze and interpret data such as
  Earth Systems Science




                                              temperatures in different locations (sun
                                              or shade), at different times and
                           Second Grade




                                          b   different seasons as evidence of how         R
                                              organisms and the environment are
                                              influenced by the weather and changing
                                              seasons
                                              Analyze ways in which severe weather
                                          c   contributes to catostrophic events such      R
                                              as floods and forest fires
                                              Nature of Science
                                              Ask testable questions about weather
                                          1                                                Y      1.2; Ask questions and make predictions
                                              and the seasons
                                              Make predictions, share their thinking,
                                              and ask others how they know that
                                          2   organisms and the environment are            Y      1.2; Ask questions and make predictions
                                              influenced by the weather and changing
                                              seasons
                                              Select and use appropriate tools to                 1.3; Conduct simple experiments using
                                              measure, record and communicate data                tools and technology (for example:
                                          3                                                Y
                                              about the weather using appropriate                 computers, thermometers, magnifiers,
                                              units                                               rulers, balances)




                                                                                                                 Page 70 of 80
                                                                                                       Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                First Grade

                                             Grade Level Expecation                                        Referent:
                                                                                     Color
Standard             Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content              District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                               Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                                      Standards in Science
                                                                                              2.1; Solids and liquids (matter) can be
                                                                                              identified, compared, sorted/classified by
                                        Solids and liquids have unique
                                    1                                                  G      their physical properties (for example:
                                        properties that distinguish them
                                                                                              size, shape, texture, flexibility,
                                                                                              temperature, color and patterns)
                                        Analyze and interpret observations about
                                    a   solids and liquids and their unique            R
                                        properties
  Physical Science




                                        Identify the similarities and differences
                      First Grade




                                    b                                                  R
                                        of two or more groups of solids or liquids
                                        Sort solids and liquids based on their
                                    c   properties and justify your choice based       R
                                        on evidence
                                        Nature of Science
                                    1   Share results of experiments with others       R
                                        Recognize that observations are an                    1.1; Use their senses to make and
                                    2                                                  Y
                                        important part of science                             describe careful observations
                                                                                              1.3; Conduct simple experiments using
                                                                                              tools and technology (for example:
                                    3   Conduct collaborative experiments.             Y
                                                                                              computers, thermometers, magnifiers,
                                                                                              rulers, balances)




                                                                                                              Page 71 of 80
                                                                                                   Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                            First Grade

                                         Grade Level Expecation                                        Referent:
                                                                                 Color
Standard         Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                           Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                                  Standards in Science
                                    Offspring have characteristics that
                                                                                          3.2; Offspring have characteristics that
                                    are similar to but not exactly like
                                1                                                  G      are similar to but not exactly like their
                                    their parents (For both plants and
                                                                                          parents
                                    animals)
                                    Use evidence to analyze similarities and
                                    differences between parents and
                                a                                                  R
                                    offspring in a variety of organisms
                                    including both plants and animals
                                    Analyze and interpret data regarding the
                                b   similarities and differences between           R
                                    parents and offspring
  Life Science




                                    Question peers about evidence used in
                  First Grade




                                    developing ideas about similarities and
                                c                                                  R
                                    differences between parents and
                                    offspring
                                    Interpret information represented in
                                d                                                  R
                                    pictures, illustrations, and simple charts
                                    Nature of Science
                                    Compare and contrast their data with
                                1   their peers, recognizing this is a process     R
                                    scientists would do in their work
                                    Question peers about evidence used in
                                    developing ideas about similarities and
                                2                                                  R
                                    differences between parents and
                                    offspring




                                                                                                          Page 72 of 80
                                                                                                  Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                           First Grade

                                         Grade Level Expecation                                           Referent:
                                                                                Color
Standard         Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content          District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                           Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                    Standards in Science
                                    An organism is a living thing that                   3.1; An organism (plant, animal) is a
                                2   has physical characteristics that             G      living thing that has physical
                                    help it survive                                      characteristics that help it to survive
                                    Identify organisms and develop,
                                    communicate, and justify evidence
                                a                                                 R
                                    based scientific explanations for
                                    classifying them into groups
  Life Science




                                    Analyze and interpret data about the
                  First Grade



                                b                                                 R
                                    needs of plants and animals
                                    Use direct observations and other
                                    evidence to support and respond to
                                c   feedback about ideas concerning               R
                                    physical characteristics that help plants
                                    and animals survive
                                    Nature of Science
                                    Ask testable questions about the needs
                                1                                                 Y      1.2; Ask questions and make predictions
                                    of an organism
                                    Predict the outcome for an organism if a
                                2                                                 Y      1.2; Ask questions and make predictions
                                    need is removed




                                                                                                         Page 73 of 80
                                                                                                          Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                   First Grade

                                                  Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                                        Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                      2007 Colorado Model Content             District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                    Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                                         Standards in Science
                                             Earth materials can be compared                     4.1; There are different types of Earth’s
                                         1   and classified based on their                Y      materials that come in different shapes
                                             properties                                          and sizes (for example: rocks and soil)
                                             Identify and represent similarities and
                                             differences such as the texture, size,
                                         a                                                R
                                             color, and shape of various materials on
                                             Earth
                                             Sort, group and classify earth materials
  Earth Systems Science




                                         b                                                R
                                             based on observations and explorations
                                             Make predictions about how an earth
                           First Grade




                                         c   material might be useful based on its        R
                                             properties.
                                             Communicate ideas about the
                                         d   differences between soils from different     R
                                             places.
                                             Use a variety of tools to observe,
                                         e   analyze, record and compare Earth            R
                                             materials
                                             Analyze the impacts of reducing,
                                         f                                                R
                                             reusing, recycling various materials
                                             Nature of Science
                                             The same materials can be sorted in a
                                         1   number of ways based on different            R
                                             characteristics.
                                             Scientists make predictions based on
                                         2                                                R
                                             what they know.




                                                                                                                 Page 74 of 80
                                                                                                       Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                               Kindergarten

                                              Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                      Color
Standard             Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                                      Standards in Science
                                         Objects can move in a variety of
                                     1   ways that can be described by speed            R
                                         and direction
                                         Observe, investigate and describe how
                                     a                                                  R
  Physical Science




                      Kindergarten       different objects move
                                     b   Describe the motion of a student at play       R
                                         Nature of Science
                                         Recognize that scientists try to be clear
                                     1                                                  R
                                         and specific when they describe things
                                         Make predictions about the motion of an
                                     2                                                  Y      1.2; Ask questions and make predictions
                                         object.
                                         Ask testable questions about the
                                     3                                                  Y      1.2; Ask questions and make predictions
                                         movement of objects.
                                         Objects can be sorted by physical
                                     2   properties, which can be observed              R
                                         and measured
                                         Observe, investigate and describe how
                                     a   objects can be sorted using their              R
  Physical Science




                                         physical properties
                      Kindergarten




                                         Explain why objects are sorted into
                                     b                                                  R
                                         categories
                                         Sort a set of objects based on their
                                     c   physical characteristics, and then explain     R
                                         how the objects are sorted
                                         Nature of Science
                                         Recognize that scientists try to be clear
                                     1                                                  R
                                         and specific when they describe things
                                         Share their observations with others
                                     2                                                  R
                                         being clear and precise like a scientist




                                                                                                              Page 75 of 80
                                                                                                   Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                           Kindergarten

                                          Grade Level Expecation                                       Referent:
                                                                                  Color
Standard         Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                            Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                                  Standards in Science
                                     Organisms can be described and
                                 1   sorted by their physical                       R
                                     characteristics
                                     Sort a group of items based on
                                 a                                                  R
                                     observable characteristics
                                     Communicate, and justify an evidence
                                 b   based scientific rationale for sorting         R
                  Kindergarten


                                     organisms into categories
  Life Science




                                     Nature of Science
                                     Ask questions about physical
                                 1   characteristics that will help sort            Y      1.2; Ask questions and make predictions
                                     organisms
                                     Share scientific ideas verbally in a clear
                                 2                                                  R
                                     way
                                     Question peers about reasons for their
                                 3   sort and push for use of evidence to           R
                                     support their ideas
                                     Use scientific tools such as magnifying
                                 4   glasses, sorting blocks, and rulers in         R
                                     investigations and play.




                                                                                                          Page 76 of 80
                                                                                                           Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                   Kindergarten

                                                   Grade Level Expecation                                          Referent:
                                                                                         Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                        2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                     Evidence Outcomes                   Coding
                                                                                                            Standards in Science
                                              The Sun provides heat and light to                    4.5; The Sun is the source of Earth's
                                          1                                                 G
                                              Earth                                                heat and light
                                              Investigate, explain and describe that
                                          a                                                 R
                                              the Sun provides heat and light to Earth
                                              Analyze and interpret temperature data
                                              between day (when the sun shines on
                                          b                                                 R
                                              our area) and night (when the sun does
                                              not shine on our area)
  Earth Systems Science




                                              Investigate and communicate findings
                                          c   about what happens when the Sun’s             R
                           Kindergarten




                                              light is blocked
                                              Investigate and communicate the effect
                                          d   of varying heat and light on the growth       R
                                              of plants through a scientific study
                                              Nature of Science
                                              Question peers to push for clarity of
                                          1   reasoning as to why they think the Sun        R
                                              provides heat and light to Earth

                                          2007 Standard Benchmarks for primary grade Earth science that are no longer a part of
                                                                              the revised standards
                                           4.2; There are major features of Earth's surface (for example: mountains, rivers, plains, hills,
                                                                                 oceans, plateaus)
                                          4.3; The Earth’s materials (rocks, soil, water) provide many of the resources that humans use and
                                                                                           reuse




                                                                                                                  Page 77 of 80
                                                                                              Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                       Preschool

                                           Grade Level Expecation                                   Referent:
                                                                                  Color
Standard             Grade                                                                 2007 Colorado Model Content      District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                             Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                               Standards in Science
                                      Objects have properties and
                                  1                                                 R
                                      characteristics
                                      Use senses to gather information about
                                  a                                                 R
                                      objects
                                      Make simple observations, predictions,
                                  b   explanations and generalizations based        R
  Physical Science




                                      on real life experiences
                      Preschool




                                      Collect, describe and record information
                                  c                                                 R
                                      through discussion, drawings and charts
                                      Nature of Science
                                      Be open to and curious about new tasks
                                  1                                                 R
                                      and challenges.
                                  2   Explore and experiment.                       R
                                      Show capacity for invention and
                                  3                                                 R
                                      imagination
                                      Ask questions based upon discoveries
                                  4                                                 R
                                      made while playing
                                      There are cause and effect
                                  2   relationships in everyday                     R
                                      experiences
  Physical Science




                                      Recognize and investigate cause-and-
                                      effect relationships in everyday
                      Preschool




                                  a                                                 R
                                      experiences – pushing, pulling, kicking,
                                      rolling, or blowing objects
                                      Nature of Science
                                      Be open to and curious about new tasks
                                  1                                                 R
                                      and challenges.
                                  2   Explore and experiment.                       R
                                      Reflect on and interpret cause-and-effect
                                  3                                                 R
                                      relationships.




                                                                                                     Page 78 of 80
                                                                                           Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                    Preschool

                                       Grade Level Expecation                                    Referent:
                                                                               Color
Standard         Grade                                                                  2007 Colorado Model Content      District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                         Evidence Outcomes                     Coding
                                                                                            Standards in Science
                                  Living things have characteristics
                              1                                                  R
                                  and basic needs
                                  Use senses to gather information about
                              a                                                  R
                                  living things
                                  Observe and explore the natural
                              b   processes of growing, changing, and            R
                                  adapting to the environment
  Life Science




                  Preschool


                                  Ask and pursue their questions through
                              c   simple investigations and observations of      R
                                  living things
                                  Collect, describe and record information
                              d   about living things through discussion,        R
                                  drawings and charts
                                  Nature of Science
                                   Be open to and curious about new tasks
                              1                                                  R
                                  and challenges.
                              2   Explore and experiment.                        R
                                  Living things develop in predictable
                              2                                                  R
                                  patterns
                                  Identify common needs of familiar living
                              a                                                  R
                                  things (e.g. food, air, water)
                                  Predict, explain and infer patterns based
  Life Science




                              b   on observations and representations of         R
                  Preschool




                                  living things, their needs and life cycles

                                  Make and record (draw, act out,
                              c   describe) observations of living things        R
                                  and how they change over time
                                  Nature of Science
                                  Show a capacity for invention and
                              1   imagination when looking for patterns of       R
                                  development




                                                                                                  Page 79 of 80
                                                                                                        Science Standards Crosswalk
                                                                                                                 Preschool

                                                Grade Level Expecation                                      Referent:
                                                                                       Color
Standard                  Grade                                                                    2007 Colorado Model Content            District Curriculum Notes   Implications
                                                  Evidence Outcomes                    Coding
                                                                                                       Standards in Science
                                           Earth’s materials have properties
                                       1   and characteristics that affect how           R
                                           we use those materials
                                           Use senses to gather information about
                                       a                                                 R
  Earth Systems Science




                                           earth materials
                                           Make simple observations, explanations
                                       b   and generalizations about earth               R
                           Preschool



                                           materials based on real life experiences
                                           Describe how various materials might be
                                       c   used based on characteristics or              R
                                           properties
                                           Nature of Science
                                           Ask testable question based upon
                                       1                                                 R
                                           discoveries made while playing
                                           Collect, describe and record information
                                       2                                                 R
                                           through discussion, drawings and charts
                                           Events such as night and day,                        4.6; Objects can be readily observed in
                                           movement of objects in the sky, the                  the daytime and nighttime sky (for
                                       2                                                 R
                                           weather, and the seasons have                        example: the Sun, Moon, stars) (new for
                                           patterns                                             preschool)
  Earth Systems Science




                                           Identify, predict, and extend patterns
                                           based on observations and
                                       a                                                 R
                                           representations of objects in the sky,
                           Preschool




                                           daily weather, and seasonal changes
                                           Observe and describe patterns observed
                                           over the course of a number of days and
                                       b   nights, possibly including differences in     R
                                           the activities or appearance of plants
                                           and animals
                                           Nature of Science
                                           Be open to and curious about new tasks
                                       1                                                 R
                                           and challenges.
                                       2   Explore and experiment.                       R




                                                                                                               Page 80 of 80

				
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Description: Flow Process Charts Do Record Movements as Well as Visual Pictures document sample