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Nature vs Nurture - PowerPoint

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					        Nature
          vs.
        Nurture
Caroline Fu, Ash Rostami, Yi Zhang
  York Mills Collegiate Institute
         January 8, 2010
      When He Becomes a She
• Compared the
  sexuality of those
  born with deformed
  genetalia
• Is one’s sexual
  identity the result of
  nature or nurture?
• Should sex changes
  be decided by the
  child?
   Nicholas, M. (1998, June 20). When He Becomes a She. Maclean's, 11,2
                                                                          Caroline Fu
    When He Becomes a She
• Identity vs.
  Confusion
• Values
• Traits
• Interview Method
  of Research
• Nature vs. Nurture



                        Caroline Fu
  Parenting Among Mothers with
   young children in Mexico and
        the United States
 • Objective: Comparison
   between parenting
   styles of Mexican and
   American women
 • Method: Questionnaire
 • Conclusions: Raising
   children is more
   culturally universal
Solis-Camara, P., & Fox, R A (Oct 1995). Parenting among mothers with young children in Mexico
           and the United States. The Journal of Social Psychology. , 135, n5. p.591
              (9). Retrieved November 10, 2009, f rom Academic OneFile via Gale:
                  http://f ind.galegroup.com/gtx/inf omark.do?&contentSet= IAC-
Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=AONE&docId=A17935568&source=gale&userGro
                                upName=ko_k12pr_d63&version= 1.0                                 Caroline Fu
Parenting Among Mothers with
 young children in Mexico and
      the United States

•   Status
•   Values
•   Sociology
•   Ethics
•   Questionnaire
    Method of Research


                         Caroline Fu
  School success is in the genes,
 study on adopted children says:
• Compared adopted &
  biological children’s
  progress
• Argues nurture accounts
  for 25% of educational
  progress; nature accounts
  for the rest
• Doubling income does not
  have a large impact on
  educational performance
David Smith and Abul Taher. (2005, November 06). School success is in the genes, study on adopted children
    says:. Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved October 22, 2009 f rom <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/curriculumca>.     Yi Zhang
 School success is in the genes,
study on adopted children says:
 • Case study
 • Experiment
 • Agent of
   socialization
 • Sample
 • Genetics
 • Natural selection


                            Yi Zhang
       Parenting and its Effects on
        Children: On Reading and
      Misreading Behavior Genetics
• Hypothesis: Can’t estimate
  environmental factors, given
  genetic ones
• Method: Interview, direct
  observation
• Conclusions: When genetic
  factors are strong, environmental
  factors do not have to be weak
   Maccoby, Eleanor Emmons. (2000). PARENTING AND ITS EFFECTS ON CHILDREN: On Reading and
Misreading Behavior Genetics. Annual Review of Psychology, p.1. Retrieved November 9, 2009 f rom Gale
                                 Expanded ASAP Academic Database.                                       Yi Zhang
 Parenting and its Effects on
  Children: On Reading and
Misreading Behavior Genetics

• Genetics and
  behavior
• Primary agent of
  socialization
• Social institution



                          Yi Zhang
  Self-confidence is built into
 your genes Nature not nurture
      “gives us self belief”

• Hypothesis: Genetics is
  main factor in building
  your self confidence
• Methods: Case Study,
  Survey
• Summary: Genes are
  not the only factor is
  building personality, but
  have the most influence
                              Ash Rostami
  Self-confidence is built into
your genes Nature not nurture
      “gives us self belief”
• Cognitive
  development
• Case study
• Links to the Erikson
  theory
• New Article
• Canadian

    Keltner, N L, James, C A, Darling, R J, Findley, L S, & Oliver, K. (July-Sept
      2006). Nature vs. Nurture: Self -conf idence. Perspectives in Psychiatric
Care. , 37, 3. p.88. Retrieved November 21, 2009, f rom Academic OneFile via Gale.   Ash Rostami
 The origins of human nature:
  Evolutionary developmental
          Psychology
• Hypothesis: “Humans are
  retarded Apes” Our only
  difference is our DNA which
  gives us the ability to adapt
  and learn
• Methods: Case study,
  Interviews, Questionnaires
• Conclusion: Humans and
  apes are very much alike

                                  Ash Rostami
    The origins of human nature:
     Evolutionary developmental
             Psychology
• Darwin's Theory
• Erikson Theory
• Freud’s Theory
• Anthropology
• Parental
  investment theory
• Survival of the
  fittestKeltner, N L, James, C A, Darling, R J, Findley, L S, & Oliver, K. (July-
                 Sept 2007). Nature vs. Nurture: the origins of human
                          nature. Perspectives in Psychiatric
          Care. , 37, 3. p.88. Retrieved November 22, 2009, f rom Academic
                                    OneFile via Gale.                                Ash Rostami
        Nature vs. Nurture:
        Hypothesis Formed

• Genetics: Physical
  makeup and part of
  personality
• Environment: Major
  factor in determining
  one’s actions



                              Caroline Fu
            Collecting Data
•We conducted a survey of 44 individuals of
both genders, in their teenage years to
adulthood
•This Graph represents the first question on
the survey and was aimed to find out the
individual’s opinion before they completed the
survey




                                     Ash Rostami
                 Graph
Question 9: Which is more influential in key
             aspects of life?
  Choice of religion, Clothing Preferences,
    Favourite colors, Music preferences,
                   Sexuality




                                     Ash Rostami
       Conclusion of Survey

• Nurture more
  influential than nature
• Personalities of
  Participants more
  similar to friend’s than
  parent’s and sibling’s
• Changes in family
• School and socialization


                              Yi Zhang
        Discussion Questions
1. Is it possible to determine the strength of
   nurture if the strength of nature is known?
2. Is nature or nurture more influential in
   determining one’s self-confidence?
3. Will doubling a household’s income have a
   large impact on educational performance?
4. How could identical twins’ be raised so
   that their personalities are unique?
5. Do you think it is possible to change one’s
   personality? Why or why not?
                Graphics Bibliography
•   A grade. [Photograph]. Retrieved December 18, 2009 from
    <http://feedelite.com/wpcontent/uploads/2007/12/a-grade.jpg>
•   American mother Mother and Son. (n.d.). Family. Retrieved December 30, 2009, from
    us.123rf.com/400wm/400/400/arekmalang/arekmalang0909/arekmalang090900115/5568641.jpg
•   Certified. (December 23, 2008). [Photograph]. Retrieved December 22, 2009 from
    <http://www.cmc.iit.edu>
•   Chewbacca. (November 21, 2009). [Photograph]. Retrieved December 22, 2009 from
    <http://raincoaster.com>
•   Child learning. [Photograph]. Retrieved December 18, 2009 from
    <http://pictures.directnews.co.uk/liveimages/Child+learning_1662_18959368_0_0_6001559_300.jpg>
•   Confusion of Sexual Identity Sex Confusion. (n.d.). Cartoonstock. Retrieved December 30, 2009, from
    www.cartoonstock.com/lowres/cfu0055l.jpg
•   Genetics. (2008, April 30). [Photograph]. Retrieved December 17, 2009 from
    <http://feminocracy.files.wordpress.com/2008/04/genetics1.jpg>
•   Hispanic Mother Hispanic Mother. (n.d.). Modern Hispanic Family. Retrieved December 30, 2009, from
    us.123rf.com/400wm/400/400/jenkedco/jenkedco0905/jenkedco090500031/4784591.jpg
•   Identity Confusion "Identity Confusion." Tikkuministries. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Dec. 2009.
    <www.tikkunministries.org/newsletters/graphics/IDENTITY.jpg>
•   Mom. (2009). [Photograph]. Retrieved December 17, 2009 from http://www.fisher-
    price.com/us/ms3/img/mom.jpg
•   Nature vs. Nurture. (2007, August 16). [Photograph]. Retrieved December 14, 2009 from
    http://i19.tinypic.com/52ay5c5.jpg
•   Question mark. (2009, April 27). [Photograph]. Retrieved December 14, 2009 from
    <http://carpentier.files.wordpress.com/ 2009/04/question_mark.jpg>
•   Self confidence. (October, 28, 2009). [Photograph]. Retrieved December 21, 2009 from
    http://lanierturnerfrazier.wordpress.com/
•   Thinking out of the box(March 18, 2007). [Photograph]. Retrieved December 23, 2009 from
    <http://raincoaster.com>
•   Universal norms and values Unwritten Values and Norms. (n.d.). Comminit. Retrieved December 30,
    2009, from https://www.comminit.com/images3/treemodel.gif
•   What are you looking for? [Photograph]. Retrieved December 14, 2009 from
    <http://www.easternct.edu/career/images/magnifying-glass.gif>
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