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College document, essay, form, or assignment from an Information Technology class.

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									Digital Divide A. Opening paragraph – definition 1. What it is a. Phrase origins – Clinton’s speech, in some articles in mid-90’s (ref. 1.) b. General description of the problem - Is it really an issue or not?2 2. Who is affected – impoverished and uneducated nationally1, underdeveloped countries globally2 a. The divide across the nation2 i. What has been done locally to help – libraries, national funds allocated4 ii. What politics/government has to say – “Americans are gaining access to computers at an acceptable pace”1 iii. Possible solutions – More money into schools to prepare kids1 Wi-Fi for the masses7, Online schools4 b. The divide around the world i. What has been done globally to help - Investor Group Against Digital Divide (IGADD)9 ii. What politics/government has to say – Criticisms for the One Laptop per Child10 iii. Possible solutions – One Laptop per Child10 3. Organizations and websites a. National Organizations i. Who they are - CTCnet ii. Their plan for change – “to provide resources and advocacy to improve the quality and sustainability of CTCs for underserved communities.”8 iii. Criticisms b. Global Organizations i. Who they are - The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS)12 ii. Their plan for change – World leaders dedicated to bridge the digital divide12 iii. Criticisms c. Online Organizations i. Who they are –11 ii. Their plan for change – direct and indirect methods to reduce global poverty and terrorism11 iii. Criticisms 4. The future of the Digital Divide a. Cite editorials b. How the Digital Divide may be closing3

1. A Digital Decade. (2007). Education Week. Vol. 26 Issue 30, p8-9, 2p, 1 graph. Retrieved from the Ebsco Database May 3, 2007 from http://ezproxy.library.capella.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct =true&db=aph&AN=24586009&site=ehost-live Talks about advantaged vs disadvantaged youths nationally. 2. Dickard N., Schneider D. (2002). The Digital Divide: Where We Are Today. Retrieved May 12, 2007 from http://www.edutopia.org/digital-divide-where-we-are-today 3. Holahan, C. (2007). America's Digital Divide Narrows. Business Week Online. p7-7, 1p; Retrieved from the Ebsco Database May 3, 2007 from http://ezproxy.library.capella.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct =true&db=aph&AN=24393707&site=ehost-live Talks about how minority groups in the US are affected by the digital divide. 4. Lloyd, S. C. (2007). Technology Counts, Times 10. Education Week. Vol. 26 Issue 30, p31-32, 2p, 10c; Retrieved from the Ebsco Database May 3, 2007 from http://ezproxy.library.capella.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct =true&db=aph&AN=24586016&site=ehost-live Discusses the changes in educational technology in the past ten years from online schools to how readily available technology is in libraries. 5. Sargent, M. (2002). Community Technology Centers: A National Movement to Close the Digital Divide. Retrieved May 12, 2007 from http://www.edutopia.org/php/article.php?id=Art_992&key=188 6. Tucker, P. (2007). A New Ruler for the Digital Divide. Futurist. Vol. 41 Issue 2, p1616, 1p; Retrieved from the Ebsco Database May 3, 2007 from http://ezproxy.library.capella.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct =true&db=aph&AN=23934681&site=ehost-live Discusses how national politicians have a simplistic view of the digital divide. 7. Wi-Fi for the masses. (2007). Economist. Vol. 382 Issue 8518, p38-38, 2/3p, 1c; Retrieved from the Ebsco Database May 3, 2007 from http://ezproxy.library.capella.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct =true&db=aph&AN=24233734&site=ehost-live Discusses ideas and plans for erecting Wi-Fi antenna around San Francisco, connecting entire communities. 8. http://ctcnet.org/\ Retrieved May 12, 2007. 9. Digital Divide. (2007). Retrieved May 12, 2007 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_divide A basic overview of the definition of the digital divide, plus a number of other links and articles that could be used as well.

10. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One_Laptop_per_Child. Retrieved May 12, 2007.

11. http://www.digitaldivide.org. Retrieved May 12, 2007. An organization that works towards closing the digital divide in various third world countries, the focus now being Indonesia. 12. http://www.itu.int/wsis/index.html. Retrieved May 12, 2007.

According to Wikipedia (“Digital Divide,” 2007), the Digital Divide is the division between those that are able to keep up with the demands of technology versus those that cannot. The reasons for this division is usually attributed to race, such as a black/white division, educational differences that create a rich/poor division, or geographical differences such as rural/urban or advanced/third world country (para. 1). The term came to be in a couple of ways. President Clinton and Vice President Al Gore used the term in one of their speeches in the mid 90’s and it was also used a few times in print by that point (para. 2). Since then, there have been numerous websites and organizations that have been created in an attempt to close the Digital Divide and there is some controversy if this is still an issue, or if the Digital Divide is beginning to close, with some articles even asking as far back as 2002 if it was still an issue or not. Sonia Arrison, who is the director of the Center for Technology Studies at the Pacific-Research Institute, was quoted as saying "the Digital Divide is not a crisis that places citizens in urgent need of more government help." (Dickard & Schneider, 2002) The question remains whether or not the Digital Divide is still a problem, what has been done in the past, and what people and groups are planning for the future. Whether or not we are close to bridging the divide depends on whom you talk to. Some sources believe that we are close enough that it no longer needs monitoring and that the human race is growing technologically at a fair and normal rate (


								
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