Annapurna_Circuit_Details

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					Annapurna Circuit Details

The Annapurna Circuit is one of the most popular treks in Nepal. The whole route covers
a distance of 300 kilometers around the perimeter of the Annapurna mountain range. The
Annapurna Circuit generally takes 18 days to complete on foot although it can be
completed in as little as 16 days. Most people cover the Annapurna Circuit in a
counterclockwise direction up Marsyandi River, cross the Thorong La high pass and
down into the Kali Gandakhi Gorge, reputed to be the deepest gorge in the world. The
journey down Kali Gandakhi River is also known as the Jomsom Trek and is suitable for
people who do not want to cross the high pass.

Along this trek, some of the world’s highest mountains can be seen such as sixth
Dhaulagiri (sixth), Manaslu (seventh) and Annapurna I (tenth). The magnificent snow-
capped mountain ranges dominated the landscape reducing the settlements to mere speck
in the Himalayas. The trek sees the gradual changes in the landscape and vegetation as
you go higher. At the fertile lower region along the river, civilization has carved out
terraces on the slopes of the hill for agriculture. Going up river, conifer forest took over
before giving way to the more resilient Juniper trees at higher altitude. Up the Thorong
La pass, the cold and high wind is too much for any vegetation to survive and what
remains is a barren landscape.

This journey brings you to the different cultures in Nepal. The upper region of the trek
follows the ancient trade routes between Nepal and Tibet, thus the influenced of Tibetan
culture is apparent with Bhuddist chorten and mani walls forming part of the landscape.
The village of Muktinath is one of the most sacred sites for Bhuddist and Hindu pilgrims
in Asia.


Day 1: Besisahar (790m) to Ngadi (930m), 7hrs

From Besisahar, the road quickly deteriorates into sand and dust road. Buses still make
use of the road although we travel on foot. Crossing a bridge at Khudi, we leave the
vehicular passable road behind. Along Marsyandi River, there are many terraces carved
into hillside for growing of crops. Mules carrying heavy loads on their back are a
common sight along the footpath throughout the trek. When mules meet men, mules have
the right of way.

Day 2: Ngadi (930m) to Jagat (1300m), 11hrs

Moving up Marsyandi River. Although much of the land is still cultivated, there are still
pockets of forest. The trail is dusty and littered with animal dung. In December, when the
growing season is over, mound of dried stalks can be seen piled in the middle of the
terrace field. Poinsettias with their bright red leaves around their flowers are in full
bloom. The orange trees growing in the settlements are bearing fruits. Children and adults
along the path are selling their oranges anywhere from Rs2 to Rs10 each.
Day 3: Jagat (1300m) to Dharapani (1900m), 11hrs

The journey continues into the forests and evidence of Tibetan influences started to show.
There is a long, tiring ascent before reaching the gate to the Manang District. A wide,
picturesque valley with a settlement in it presents itself at the gate. The view is a treat to
the eyes after the boring ascent.

Day 4: Dharapani (1900m) to Chame (2670m), 7hrs
[Peaks seen: Annapurna II (7937m), Kang Guru (6701m), Lamjung Himal (6932m)]

At Bagarchhap, a short distance after Dharapani, Annapurna II can be seen. The trek
from here is less dusty as compared to previous days. Conifer forest start to dominates the
landscape as we trek towards Chame. Other trees shed their leaves in preparation for the
winter months while shrubs disperse their seeds in the wind.

At Chame, there is a police and army check-post. Visitors have to show their trekking
permits and register in their book before allowed passage into the settlement. Chame is a
large settlement with many stores selling anything from batteries, snacks to winter wears.
Peaks such as Kang Guru and the Lamjung Himal can be seen at Chame.

Day 5: Chame (2670m) to Pisang (3300m), 6.5hrs

From Chame to Pisang, the terrain starts to open up as we leave the deep narrow valley
behind. The path is wider here and there is very little cultivation of crops as conifers
cover most of the landscape. Temperature can drop below freezing point at night at this
time of the year. At 3300m, it is possible for visitors to acquire acute mountain sickness
(AMS).

Day 6: Pisang (3300m) to Manang (3540m), 5hrs
[Peaks seen: Pisang peak (6081m), Annapurna II (7937m), Annapurna IV (7525m),
Annapurna III (7555m), Annapurna I (8091m), Gangapurna Himal (7454m)]

As the valley continues to opens up, more snow capped mountains come into view. At
the end of the Pisang settlement, Pisang peak shows itself on the right side while
Annapurna II and Annapurna IV can be seen on the left side of the trail. A third of the
way to Manang, Annapurna I and Annapurna III can be seen.

In Honde settlement, midway to Manang, there is an airstrip and also a police check-post.
Once again the trekking permit have to be checked and the registered. The huge massif of
Annapurna III watches us as we move to Manang. At Manang, Gangapurna Himal
showed itself complete with its icefall.

Day 7: Manang (3540m)
[Peaks seen: Annapurna III (7555m), Annapurna I (8091m), Gangapurna Himal (7454m),
Chulu East (6300m), Chulu West (6485m), Chulu Central (6584m), Khatung Kang
(6484m), Shel Kang (6032m), Yakawang (6482m), Manaslu (8156 m)]
This is the acclimatization day. A trip up the side of Gangapurna will aid the
acclimatization process. A beautiful, turquoise glacial lake formed by the melting
Gangapurna icefall can be seen near Manang. Going up to 3800m, the Chulu East, West
and Central can be seen behind Manang. Khatung Kang, Shel Kang and Yakawang peak,
which the Thorong La Pass runs through, can also be seen. Towards the east, the distant
peak of Manaslu is seen.

Day 8: Manang (3540m) to Yak Kharka (4100m), 5hrs
[Peaks seen: Chulu East (6300m), Chulu West (6485m), Chulu Central (6584m)]

From Manang, the Marsyandi River ends and the trail turned northwest, following the
Jharsang Khola. The trek follows the spurs that run down the Chulus. Juniper trees give
way to patches of shrubs that struggles to survive under the harsh condition presented at
such altitude. Frozen stream that runs down the hillside pose slippery obstacles for the
trekkers to cross. Crossing the Karche Khola, the Chulu West, Chulu Central and Chulu
East can be seen in its full majesty.

Day 9: Yak Kharka (4100m) to Thorong Phedi (4575m), 5.5hrs

The trek follows Jharsang Khola upstream. The terrain is quite barren and it can get quite
windy for this part of the trek. The hardest part of this trek is perhaps the steeper ascend
after crossing a bridge on Jharsang Khola. The trail consists of scree-covered slope that
runs all the way to Thorong Phedi.

Day 10: Thorong Phedi (4575m) to Thorong La pass (5400m) to Muktinath (3800m),
         12hrs
[Peaks seen: Khatung Kang (6454m), Dhaulagiri I (8167m)]

The push for the high pass may start as early as 3am. The temperature coupled with the
wind can drop to as low as –13oC. Thus trekkers who intend to travel at such early hours
need to have the appropriate clothing to deal with the cold especially gloves and socks.
Although it may not be as windy at such early hours, there is still wind that is very dry
and very cold. A scarf that covers the mouth would be very much appreciated.

Prayer flags and a small stone hut mark the Thorong La pass. Khatung Kang peak can be
seen clearly beside the high pass.

The rest of the way down to Muktinath can be very long and tiring. The trail is runs
mainly down scree slopes that are difficult to walk on. Upon reaching Muktinath, the
Dhaulagiri I can be seen beyond the settlement. Over here, there is a police check-post
where there is the usual procedure.

Day 11: Muktinath (3800m) to Mapha (2670m), 7hrs
[Peaks seen: Dhaulagiri I (8167m)]
From Muktinath, it is back to the dusty roads. For most part of the trek, it consist of
walking on open terrain where the wind is strong and the shrubs have to cluster into small
domes on the ground. As we enter the Kali Gandaki River, Dhaulagiri I slowly disappear
behind the lower ridges. The wind is even stronger and it picks up sand and dust, lashing
at anybody who dares venture into the valley.

It is only at Jomsom where there is a break from the sand storm. There is an airport there
and also an army check-post and police check-post. Jomsom is a relatively large
settlement with many stores. Along the way, there are many apple trees with fruits
hanging from its leafless branches. Marpha is another hour of walk away. The settlement
is smaller but less windy and dusty.

Day 12: Mapha (2670m) to Kalopani (2530m), 7hrs
[Peaks seen: Dhaulagiri I (8167m), Tukuche (6920m), Nilgiri South (6839m), Nilgiri
Central (6940m), Nilgiri North (7061m), Annapurna I (8091m), Baraha Shikhar
(7647m)]

The trail follows the Kali Gandaki River downstream. It is less windy and with the drop
in altitude, conifer trees begin to reappear. Approaching the settlement of Tukuche, the
snow peak Tukuche and Dhaulagiri I peak comes into view. Nilgiri South, Nilgiri Central
and Nilgiri North can also be seen. Following the river course, there are a few slight
ascends as the trail crosses the spurs. At Kalopani, Annapurna I and Baraha Shikhar peak
rises behind the ridges.

Day 13: Kalopani (2530m) to Tatopani (1200m), 9hrs

The trail continues to descend moving along the course of the river. Midway to Tatopani,
there is an Army check-post. Tatopani is quite a large settlement. There are many stores
selling many different items, from jewellery to toilet papers. There is even a volleyball
court in the settlement.

Day 14: Tatopani (1200m) to Ghorapani (2775m), 8.5hrs
[Peaks seen: Annapurna South (7220m), Dhaulagiri I (8167m)]

The trail breaks off from Kali Gandaki River at Tatopani as we head towards Ghorapani.
It is continuous ascend for the journey to Ghorapani with very few slight descend. As we
approach Ghorapani, the trail runs rhododendron forest. But as this is the winter season,
the rhododendrons are not flowering. Upon reaching Ghorapani, Annapurna South and
Dhaulagiri I can be seen.

Day 15: Ghorapani (2775m) to Naya Pul (1070m)
[Peaks seen: Machhapuchhre (6993m)]

This is the last day of the trek to Naya Pul where the bus will be waiting to bring us to
Pokhara. The beautiful peak of Machhapuchhre peak (Fish Tail) can be seen from a
distance along the way down. This region is currently controlled by the Maoist separatist
and thus there is no police or army check-post. Instead, expect to see Maoist check-post
where they will collect “donation” from the sirdar. Unlike the police or army check-post,
the Maoist check-post is just a selected lodge where one or two Maoist soldier will wait
for tourist to pass by.

From Ghorapani, it is a long descend down to Tirkhedhunga settlement where we meet
the Bhurundi Khola (river). The trail follows the river and there are slight changes in the
altitude of the trail.


Equipment                Qty      Brand / Model           Remarks
Polar Fleece 200           1      Nepali thick fleece
                                  Nepali sleeveless
Polar Fleece 100           1
                                  fleece
Down Jacket                1
                                  Polypropylene,
Thermal Long-johns      3 pairs
                                  wool
Light weight fleece
                           1      Nepali fleece
pants
Gortex Jacket              1
Gortex Pants               1
Trek-in boots           1 pair
Woolen socks            2 pairs
Socks inner liner       2 pairs
Cotton socks            2 pairs
Sandals                 1 pair
Gaiters                 1 pair    Nepali gortex
                                  Pro CAM-FIS,
Fleece gloves            1 pair
                                  Polartec Windbloc
Polypropylene gloves    2 pairs
                                  The North Face
Waterproof ski gloves    1 pair
                                  Gor-tex
Mittens                  1 pair
Sunhat                     1
Fleece hat                 1      Nepali fleece hat
Balaclava                  1      Mammut Facemask
                                  Down fill weight
Sleeping bag               1
                                  600g
Insulation mattress        1
Sunglasses                 1      Reebok Ventra
Snow goggles               1      Oakley “O” Frame
1L Bottle                  1
0.6L Bottle                1
                                  SIGG
Neoprene insulating
                           2
pouch
Ice axe                    1
65L Expedition                    Lowe alpine
                           1
backpack                          Frontier 65 +15
40L Daypack                1
Pocket Knives & Tools      1      Richartz maxi 7
Watch                     1      SUUNTO Vector
                                 Komperdell
Trekking pole           1 pair
                                 Northern Light
Headlamp                  1      Petzl Tikka
AAA Batteries for
                          6
headlamp
Camera                    2      SLR and Compact
Camera Batteries          3                                 Spares
Camera film               4
Tripod                    1
Paperback Novel           1
Pen and Notebook          1
Umbrella                  1
Passport                  1
US$ 30                                                       Visa
Passport Size Photo       2                                  Visa
Snacks
Sun block                 1      Coppertone SPF 45
Lip Screen                1      Banana Boat SPF 30
First Aid kit             1
                                                      Toilet paper, Tooth
Toiletries              1 set
                                                      paste, Tooth brush
Towel                     1
Washing Powder            1
Shaver                    1
Nail clipper              1




Costs

Description                             Cost            Remarks
                                         Travel
Singapore Airport Tax              S$57 per person
Nepal Airport Tax                Rs1100 per person
                                         Permits
Visas                             US$30 per person
                                     Package Costs
Includes

        Twin sharing
         accommodation at
         Marshyandi Hotel in
         Kathmundu BB2.
        Twin sharing
         accommodation at
         Barahi Hotel in         S$2000 per person
       Pokhara BB2.
      Transportation as per
       itinerary by private
       vehicle



Excludes

      Lunch & dinner while
       in Kathmandu.
      Personal clothing
      Travel & Medical
       Insurance.
      Rescue evacuation in
       case of emergency.
      Expenses of personal
       nature.
      Airport tax

                                        Insurance
ExtraSure                         S$86 per person
                                        Tippings
Per Trekker                    Rs100 per day on the Tips are given to the Sirdar who
                                      trek          would distribute the money.
Exchange rate:
1 Sing Dollar : 40 Nepali Rupee (Rs)
1 Sing Dollar : 0.556 US Dollar (US$)


Medicine

The following are the medicine used during the expedition. It is important that all the
members in the team are aware of how to use the appropriate medicine. Where possible,
the type of medicine, its usage and dosage should be clearly labeled on the medicine.
        Diarrhoea

      Loperamide (Stops diarrhoea)
      Charcoal pills
      Ciprofloxacin (antibiotic)

       Vomiting

      Maxalon (Good for AMS with nausea)
    Fever

   Panadol
   Voltaren 50mg

    Sorethroat

   Danzen (Anti-inflammatory)
   MAC lozenges

    Cough

   Strepsil
   Dhasedyl cough syrup

    Incessant Cough

   Codipront
   Venolin inhaler

    Pain

   Panadol
   Voltaren SR 100mg
   Voltaren 50 mg

   Gastric
   Antacids

    AMS

   Diamox

				
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