"Food Industry Data India 2010 - PowerPoint"
Legal Regimes on Defining Geospatial Vision for India Mr. Malay Adhikari M. Sc. (Physics), LL.M. (International Law), Research Scholar, Center for Air & Space Law, NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad. Email : firstname.lastname@example.org Map India 2010, Gurgaon, 21st January, 2010 Objective of Presentation Right data is received timely in right place by the end-users and its best value Scheme of Presentation 1. Definition of Law, International Law, International Space Law 2. Importance of Policy & Law for Geospatial Vision 3. Legal Issues in Geospatial Vision 4. Reflection of Above Issues in National Map Policy 5. Legal Deficiencies in National Map Policy 6. Requirement of Legal Framework in NSDI 7. Legal Solutions 8. Conclusion Definitions of International Law & International Space Law • International Law (IL) regulates the relations between or among states. IL not only regulates the behavior of states, but also regulates the conduct of Intl. Organization, Individuals and Non-state entities to certain extent. • International Space Law (ISL) is a branch of international law • ISL can be defined as “body of rules governing the use of outer space for the benefit of mankind.” Importance of Policy & Law for Geospatial Vision • A vision requires policy to guide in the planned way. • Law requires to implement the policy . • Adjudication of policy is more tougher than that of law. • Harmonization of policy & law – Must for successful geospatial vision. Legal Issues in Geospatial Vision 1. Sovereignty & Sensed States 2. Privacy 3. National Security 4. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) 5. Quality & Pricing 6. Public-Private Partnership (PPP) 7. GIS in Court 8. Liability 9. Human Rights 10. Insurance of data Reflection of Above Issues in National Map Policy (NMP) of India • National Security • PPP Model • IPR Legal Deficiencies in NMP • National security is as important as defence because concept of national security has been widened and encapsulated the phenomena of Human Security. • Therefore national security includes economic security, food security, social security, information security and climate security etc. along with defence security. • Liability arises in each and every stage of value-addition of maps. • Deficiencies – (i) NMP highlights only defence; (ii) Liability issues are not covered in case of deficiency in value- addition of maps. Requirement of Legal Framework for NSDI • For public accessibility of data efficiently. • Set up mechanism of institutional coordination between different bodies and Government agencies like National Remote Sensing Centre, Geological Survey of India and Survey of India. Legal Solutions • To create consciousness regarding geospatial technology developments amongst legal fraternities who are directly or indirectly attached with law and law-making process of India. • To fulfill this purpose, national, state, district and panchayat level committees should be constituted with effective coordination. • Industry-academia partnership for research and development in geospatial technology and law interface. • All the legal problems coming up must be viewed and analyzed in the indigenous context and legal solutions could be appropriated with national interest. • To make legal framework to attract FDI in geospatial industry. Legal Solutions (Contd…) • Formation of an independent central legal committee, taking all the members from the relevant bodies, to monitor all the legal developments in geospatial sector in India and abroad. • To establish a separate tribunal - NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL DISPUTE REDRESSAL TRIBUNAL, to redress the disputes related with. Conclusion It is a truism that law always follows technological developments. The main reason is that the society is often unable to predict technological developments, and understand their impact on itself. So a national geospatial law following National Geospatial Data Authority Bill is need of the hour. Thank you