NARS (BL): WORKSHEET 1 The following worksheets should be used by the candidate to assess their own knowledge. During the Beach Lifeguard Assessment, the Assessor will ask a set number of questions from each section. The candidate must score 80% or more in each section in order to be successful. (See Beach Lifeguard Syllabus at the front of this manual for the number of questions that will be asked). THE BEACH ENVIRONMENT 1. What effect does the sun have in creating local sea breezes? 2. Explain Buys Ballots law? 3. How long is there between high tides. Are there any local variations? 4. What effect does the sun and moon have on the tide? 5. What is the difference between Swell and Chop? 6. What factors determine the size and power of waves? 7. At what depth does a wave break? 8. How often does a wave 4 times the average occur? 9. Name and describe the different types of waves? 10. What is a rip current? 11. How would you identify a rip? 12. Name and describe the different types of rips? 13. What are the 3 main parts to a rip? 14. What is an inshore hole? Does it affect rip currents? 15. How would you negotiate a large breaking wave? 16. What can effect body stress? 17. How can body stress effect a lifeguard? 18. Why is good physical condition important for a lifeguard? 19. How can lifesaving sport help to improve fitness levels? 20. What is your target heart rate? 21. What short term effect does smoking have on your body? 22. How can swimmers ear be caused? NARS (BL): WORKSHEET 2 LIFEGUARDING TECHNIQUES 1. What is an NOP? 2. What is an EAP? 3. What does the red flag indicate? 4. What would you expect to see on the beach to indicate a bathing area? 5. When is the Black and White quartered flag flown? 6. How can a lifeguard reduce the risks of infection? 7. What should you do with a needle if you discover one? 8. How do you avoid aggression from beach users? 9. What are the principles of patient movement and handling? 10. What action should Lifeguards take when they sea fog approaching the beach? 11. How do you escape from a rip if you are (i) a weak swimmer, (ii) a strong swimmer? 12. Why should you avoid eating a big meal before swimming? 13. Why should you avoid consuming alcohol before swimming? 14. When visiting a new beach what should you do on arrival? 15. Describe the Lifeguard uniform? 16. Who calls for the lifeboat or air rescue? 17. Who fills in the patrol sheets at the end of a patrol? 18. What is the phone number for emergency services and how much does it cost to call them? 19. What is SEAREM? 20. Who fills in lifeguards report forms? 21. What is a UIIN? 22. When a patient refuse your help, what should you do? 23. When a dead sea mammal is washed up on shore, what should you do? 24. What does RNLI stand for? 25. From which side do you approach a helicopter? 26. How should you deal with an aggressive beach user? 27. What is the recommended minimum required for a patrol? 28. If a bather swims when a red flag is flying, what would you do? 29. When calling emergency services what does P.P.P. mean? 30. A lifeguard is responsible for the safety of whom? NARS (BL): WORKSHEET 3 COMMUNICATION 1. What colour are the signal flags and when are they used? 2. When attracting the attention of bathers in the water what „alarm‟ is used and how? 3. Explain the three „P‟s transmitting information via the radio. 4. How should you communicate when using a radio? 5. When dealing with members of the public following an accident/incident what form of equipment would you use to control the crowd and why? 6. What forms of communication are available for use by the Lifeguard? 7. When recording information on the incident log what questions should you ask the patient? 8. What radio channel would you locate the coastguard? 9. What radio channel/frequency does the lifeguard unit operate? 10. How would you set up a radio prior to use and what checks would you make? 11. How would you deal with a radio that had been immersed in water? 12. What are the common errors made when transmitting via radio? 13. What do the following phrases indicate? Seelonce Distress, Seelonce Feenee, Break Break. Flash Flash, Immediate, Minimise. 14. Sound out the following words using the phonetic alphabet? Beach Lifeguard Jet Ski Wave pulmonary 15. When signalling from shore what equipment would you use? 16. What communication would you give to indicate that you wished to approach a helicopter? 17. What information would you give to the public prior to a helicopter landing? 18. When approaching a conscious patient in the sea what communication should take place? 19. When performing a spinal Carry communication is vital, who should be talking and what should they be saying? 20. What communications are available to Lifeguards when in IRBs? 21. What is the signal for a Mass Rescue? 22. Name three types of distress that can be seen, heard or transmitted. 23. Before taking a radio out what should you check? 24. What is the international maritime dedicated distress calling channel? 25. What is the usual coastguard working channel or frequency 26. Explain or demonstrate how to call another unit using a two way radio? 27. What does the pro word “over” mean when used in radio communications? 28. What does the pro word “out” mean when used in radio communications? 29. What does the squelch control on a radio do COMMUNICATION - Signals 30. Describe or show the flag signal for return to shore. 31. Describe or show the flag signal for proceed further out to sea. 32. Describe or show the flag signal for go left. 33. Describe or show the flag signal for go right 34. Describe or show the flag signal for investigate submerged object to the right. 35. Describe or show the flag signal for pick up swimmers. 36. Describe or show the flag signal for pick up buoys. 37. Describe or show the flag signal for adjust buoys. 38. Describe or show the flag signal for another swimmer required. 39. Describe or show the flag signal for remain stationary 40. Describe or demonstrate the correct signal for message understood 41. Describe or demonstrate the correct signal from a swimmer to the shore for assistance. 42. Describe or demonstrate the correct signal from a board or ski to the shore for danger 43. Describe or demonstrate the correct signal from a board or ski to the shore for all clear NARS (BL): WORKSHEET 4 FIRST AID & RESUSCITATION 1. How would you manage a tooth injury? 2. What are the signs, symptoms and management of a sprain? 3. You notice your causalities stomach becoming hard during CPR. What are the possible reasons and how would you deal with them? 4. What is the depth and rate of compressions for ECC on a child? 5. How would you recognize and treat someone suffering extremes in body temperature i.e. Hypothermia? 6. What are the different types and how would you recognize and treat shock? 7. Explain in what situation you would use the different methods of EAV? 8. How would you perform CPR on a pregnant woman? 9. What are the signs of a heart attack, and what should you do if a patient lapses into unconsciousness? 10. What is the difference between Concussion and Compression and how can you recognize the symptoms for these injuries? 11. How do you clear a blockage in an unconscious non breathing adult casualty? 12. What method of resuscitation do we use on a casualty with a suspected spinal injury and why? 13. How would you recognize a patient suffering from heat stroke? 14. What is secondary drowning and how long does the danger remain? 15. What can happen if you blow too hard when performing EAV on a child? 16. Why is it important to find the correct LANDMARK position when performing external chest compressions? 17. How would you treat a weaver fish sting? 18. Why is it important to administer oxygen whenever possible? 19. What method of clearing a blockage should never be used on an infant? 20. If an infant‟s pulse rate is 40 beats per min should you perform CPR, why? 21. When would you give a conscious patient oxygen? 22. If a child has a heavy blow to the head what other injury must be assumed to have taken place? 23. Why should you not do a finger sweep on an infant? 24. If the patient suffers an asthmatic attack should an ambulance be called? 25. How would you deal with a jelly fish sting to the head? 26. How would you treat a child with sand in their eye? 27. How would you deal with a surfer suffering with cracked ribs after a surf incident? 28. Why is it important to look in the mouth before giving head tilt? 29. What is the rate of compressions to breaths in child CPR? 30. What percentage of oxygen is given to patient during different types of EAV? 31. How would you deal with somebody having an epileptic fit in the water? 32. How would you deal with a head injury? 33. Describe how you would check for breathing? 34. Why do we check the capillary refill in the finger? 35. How would you deal with a severed artery? 36. If an adult is found unconscious and not breathing with no obvious signs of trauma what action should be taken? 37. How would you deal with a fracture to the arm when the bone has fractured and penetrated the skin? 38. Why should you not do a head tilt on an infant? 39. Would you give an asthma patient his friend‟s inhaler to use?
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