Docstoc

Artificial Intelligence

Document Sample
Artificial Intelligence Powered By Docstoc
					Artificial Intelligence

        Prepared By:
AIMCORP-Automated Information
   Management Corporation
     History …

 In the early 1900’s, Torresy Quevedo, a
  Spanish inventor, built a machine that
  could checkmate its opponent with a rook
  and a king against a king;
 Systematic work began only after the
  invention of the digital computer;
 The 1st scientific article on Artificial
  Intelligence (AI) was published by Alan
  Turing in 1950;

 2    AIMCORP-Automated Information Management Corporation
      History …

 The 1st. Full time research group was started in 1954
  at Carnegie Mellon University by Allen Newell and
  Herbert Simon;
 It all started in the Dartmouth conference where ten
  young researchers had the same dream of using a
  computer to model the ways humans think;
 Their hypothesis was that mechanisms of human
  thought could be precisely modeled and simulated on
  a digital computer; and
 This is what the whole foundation of AI is based on.


  3    AIMCORP-Automated Information Management Corporation
       Intelligence …

 Intelligence is defined as:
   • The faculty of understanding;
   • Capacity for learning, reasoning, and
     understanding;
   • Aptitude in grasping truths, relationships,
     facts, meaning, etc.
   • Mental alertness or quickness of
     understanding; and
   • Manifestation of a high mental capacity.

   4    AIMCORP-Automated Information Management Corporation
       Artificial Intelligence ...

 The most common definition of Artificial
  Intelligence is:
  • The study of how to make computers do
    things which, at the moment, people do
    better (Rich, 1991).
 Another way of defining AI is:
  • The area of computer science focusing on
    creating machines that can engage on
    behaviour that humans consider
    intelligent.
   5    AIMCORP-Automated Information Management Corporation
      Definition ...

 AI is a discipline that allows us to
  build intelligent computers
  (Systems/applications) which are
  capable of learning, understanding,
  and developing a sense to forecast,
  foretell, and foresee the behaviour
  (Ali 1987).

  6    AIMCORP-Automated Information Management Corporation
      Herbert Simon ...

 “It is not my aim to surprise or shock you …
  but the simplest way I can summarize is to
  say that there are now machines in the world
  that can think, that can learn, and that can
  create. Moreover, their ability to do these
  things is going to increase rapidly until - in a
  visible future - the range of problems they
  can handle will be coextensive with the range
  to which the human mind has been applied.”

  7    AIMCORP-Automated Information Management Corporation
Branches of AI …

                         Heuristics
                                                  Pattern
    Ontology                                    Recognition

     Expert
     Systems                                  Representation
                            AI
Logical AI                                      Inference


                                              Learning from
     Search               Planning             Experience

8    AIMCORP-Automated Information Management Corporation
      Expert Systems …

 Expert systems are also known as knowledge-based
  systems;
 Expert systems are computer systems that rely on a
  knowledge base of rules that pertain to a specific
  application area;
 Experts in the application give rules of thumb to use
  in certain situations;
 The rules of thumb are linked into preset if-then rules
  to solve the problem; and
 Essentially, the expert system mimics the expert’s
  thought process in troubleshooting the problem.

  9   AIMCORP-Automated Information Management Corporation
   Thanks for reviewing this presentation.
   Please click the following to get:

            Back to Methodologies …




10 AIMCORP-Automated Information Management Corporation

				
DOCUMENT INFO