abolitionists.ppt - HRSBSTAFF Home Page by gjjur4356


                 Frederick Douglass
•   1818 (Maryland) to 1895              •   At 17, a slave breaker named
                                             Covey had beaten him on a daily
•   An escaped slave, a famous               basis. After 6 months, Frederick
    orator, journalist and antislavery       resisted Covey. After that Covey
    leader, who was self-educated.           never attempted to beat him
                                             again. Before this event,
                                             Frederick believed that he was
•   His mother was Harriet Bailey and        nothing and after it, he wrote that
    his father was an unknown white          he was a man now. He described
    man                                      this as the turning point of his life
                                             as a slave.

                                         •   He was sent to Baltimore to work
                                             as an apprentice in a ship yard. In
                                             1838, he obtained papers from a
                                             free black seaman and, dressed
                                             as a sailor, took a train to New
                 Frederick Douglass
•   He married Anna Murray and had
    5 children
•   He changed his surname,
    Johnson to Douglass, the name of
    a character in the poem “The Lady
    of the Lake”

•   His autobiographies were:
•   Narrative of the Life of Frederick
    Douglass (1845)
•   My Bondage and My Freedom
•   Life and Times of Frederick
    Douglass (1881/1882)

•   His newspapers were:
•   The North Star (1847-1863)
•   Frederick Douglass’ Weekly
•   Douglass’ Monthly
                Frederick Douglass
•   His house in Rochester was a station on the

•   He was a friend of John Brown, but refused
    to join the rebellion

•   1884, he married his white secretary, Helen
    Pitts, which outraged many blacks and
    whites. For him, the marriage symbolized
    one more victory in his lifelong crusade
    against racial discrimination.

•   Douglass also encouraged Lincoln to have
    an all black regiment in the American Civil
    War, which was the 54th Massachusetts
          Thomas Clarkson
• 1760-1846
• Leading figure in the
  Abolition Society of
  Britain in 1787.
• Spoke out against
  the slave trade and
  persuaded people
  not to buy slave-
  grown sugar.
                 William Lloyd Garrison

• 1805-1879
• From Massachusetts
• He used his newspaper,
  The Liberator, to fight
• Helped organize the
  American Anti-Slavery
  Society in 1833, of which he
  was president.
• Later he campaigned on
  behalf on the Native
  Americans and also for
  votes for women.
Elijah Lovejoy
• 1802-1837
• Born in Maine; Died in Alton, Illinois

• A white abolitionist journalist and
  Presbyterian minister

• He published a religious newspaper,
  The St. Louis Observer, and began
  to advocate the abolition of slavery.

• After seeing a slave burned at the
  stake, his editorials became so
  strident against slavery that he
  became an object of hatred by both
  Southerners and slave-holders. His
  printing presses were frequently
                   Elijah Lovejoy
• On Nov. 7th, 1837, Lovejoy and 20 supporters gathered at Godfrey
  & Gilman warehouse to guard a new press.

• They were confronted by an angry mob and while trying to stop a
  fire, Lovejoy was shot.

• The mob action at Godfrey & Gilman warehouse was the first, but
  unrecorded battle of the American Civil War.
                    Sojourner Truth
•   Born about 1797 in New York and died in

•   She transformed herself from a domestic
    servant named Isabella Van Wagenen into
    a runaway slave, who became a favourite
    speaker at abolitionist rallies

•   In 1843, she changed her name to
    Sojourner Truth (Sojourner = a temporary

•   She was a deeply religious woman who
    spent more than 40 years preaching and
    arguing against slavery.

•   She gave her famous “Ain’t I a Woman?”
    speech at the 1851 Women’s Rights
    Convention in Akron, Ohio.
                Harriet Beecher Stowe

• 1811 (Connecticut) – 1896
• a white, American writer
• She is most famous as the
  author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, a
  novel that made Northerners
  angry over slavery.
• Published in 1852
• It condemned slavery and was
  an important factor precipitating
  the American Civil War
                    Charles Sumner
•   1811-1874
•   From Massachusetts

•   A white US senator, who became the Senate’s leading opponent of

•   After one speech Sumner made against pro-slavery groups in Kansas in
    1856, he was beaten unconscious by Preston Brooks, a congressman
    from South Carolina
    Harriet Tubman (Araminta Ross)
• She was born in Dorchester
  County, Maryland. Her birth was
  not recorded, but it was app. 1820

•   Both of her parents were from
    Africa and were taken into slavery

• At age 12 she would not help her
  master tie up a fellow slave, who
  was being punished. Her master
  struck her in the head with a
  weight/rock, which caused her to
  have blackouts throughout her life.

• At the 25 she married John
  Tubman, who was a free black
Harriet Tubman (Araminta Ross)
• She escaped slavery by using
  the Underground Railroad
• Stationmaster William Still, from
  Philadelphia taught everything
  she knew about the UGR
• She became the most famous
  conductor of the UGR.
• She rescued app. 300 slaves
  and did not lose anyone. She
  threatened death to anyone
  who tried to go back, as she
  carried 2 pistols
• There was a $40,000 reward
  for her capture
Harriet Tubman (Araminta Ross)
• Her nickname was Moses, as she led her people to
• She was friends with Frederick Douglass & John Brown
• During the American Civil War, she served as a nurse
  and spy for the Union.
• After the American Civil War, she went to Auburn, New
  York, where she died in 1913

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