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Southern Magnolia

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					Southern Magnolia

 Magnolia grandiflora
                    Classification
•   Kingdom         Plantae – Plants
•   Subkingdom      Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
•   Superdivision   Spermatophyta – Seed plants
•   Division        Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
•   Class           Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
•   Subclass        Magnoliidae
•   Order           Magnoliales
•   Family          Magnoliaceae – Magnolia family
•   Genus           Magnolia L. – magnolia
•   Species         Magnolia grandiflora L. – southern
                    magnolia
              Shape, Form, Type
• Grows around 60 to 80 feet
  tall
• Spread out 30 to 40 feet
• irregular outline or
  silhouette crown uniformity
• Crown shape is oval or
  pyramidal
• Crown density is moderate
• Growth rate is medium
• Coarse texture
• Is an evergreen
                            Figure 1
                      Bark
• Is thin
• Is easily damaged
• Brown to gray
• smooth/lenticellate
  when young
• Close plates or scales
  later in life
                           Figure 2
                         Twig
• Very stout
• White to rusty
  tomentum
• long (1 to 1 1/2
  inches)
• silky white to rusty
  red terminal bud              Figure 3
                          Leaf
• Simple type and alternates
• Shape is elliptic (oval)
• Broad and is an evergreen
• Evergreen
• Blade length is 8 to 12
  inches
• 4 to 8 inches wide
• Green in color and leathery
• underside often has a
  cinnamon-brown
  pubescence                    Figure 4
                       Bud
• Silky white to red
• Terminal




                        Figure 5
                  Flower
• 8 to 12" long
• Very pleasant
  fragrance
• Creamy white color
• Flowers in the
  summer and in the
  spring
                       Figure 6
• Monoecious
                                Fruit
• Fleshy
• Conelike
• Matures from September through
  the late fall
• Seeds are 6 to 13 mm (0.25 to 0.5
  in) long and bright red
• The seeds emerge and hang
  temporarily
• The seeds are suspended by
  slender, silken threads before
  dropping
• An aggregate of follicles
• green changing to red and later to
  brown
• 3 to 5 inches long                    Figure 7
            Habitat and Range
• Ranges from the
  Coastal Plain to
  extreme southeast
  Virginia to Florida,
  and all the way
  westward to Texas
• Habitat is located in
  lowlands & coastal
  woods                         Figure 8
                    Uses
• Recommended for buffer strips around
  parking lots
• For median strip plantings in the highway
• Screen
• Shade tree
• Residential street tree
                      References
Text References                   Figure References
• http://hort.ufl.edu/trees/MAG   • 3,5,7
  GRAA.pdf
                                    http://www.cas.vanderbilt.e
• http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/dept
  s/hort/consumer/factsheets/tr     du/bioimages/species/magr
  ees-                              4.htm
  new/magnolia_grandiflora.ht
  ml                              • 1,2,4
• http://www.na.fs.fed.us/pubs/   • Personal pictures
  silvics_manual/volume_2/mag
  nolia/grandiflora.htm           • 6,8
• http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro      http://plants.usda.gov/java/
  /dendrology/syllabus/factshee     profile?symbol=MAGR4
  t.cfm?ID=56

				
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