JHSAT Overview Sept 06 by niusheng11

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									              JHSAT Status Briefing to IHST
                       September 25, 2006




                                            Mark Liptak FAA ANE-110
                                            Jack Drake HAI




JHSAT - October 2006
                                                                  1
    JHSAT Status Briefing

   Objective: background information and interim status
   of the JHSAT activity to interested parties




JHSAT - October 2006
                                                          2
   JHSAT Goal


   Provide intervention strategies to the IHST and
   Joint Helicopter Safety Implementation Team (JHSIT)
   that maximize the likelihood of reducing worldwide
   helicopter accident rates by 80 percent by 2016.




JHSAT - October 2006
                                                         3
          In the U.S., our focus was set by the
       White House Commission on Aviation Safety


                              1.1 Government and industry
                                  should establish a national
                                  goal to reduce the aviation
                                  fatal accident rate by a
                                  factor of five within ten
                                  years and conduct safety
                                  research to support that
                                  goal

                              1.2 The FAA should develop
                                  standards for continuous
                                  safety improvement, and
                                  should target its regulatory
                                  resources based on
                                  performance against those
                                  standards




JHSAT - October 2006
                                                                 4
                                                                     5.3-2
            The National Civil Aviation Review
                 Commission (NCARC)
           on Aviation Safety Provided Additional Direction

                                      • FAA and the aviation
                                        industry must develop a
                                        strategic plan to improve
                                        safety, with specific
                                        priorities based on
                                        objective, quantitative
                                        analysis of safety
                                        information and data

                                      • Government should
                                        expand on their programs
                                        to improve aviation safety
                                        in other parts of the world




JHSAT - October 2006
                                                                          5
                                                                      5.3-3
                       In Response
     •   Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) was
         created, adopted concepts of Boeings Accident
         Prevention Strategy (APS)
     •   APS refined for use with CAST problem set
     •   Ongoing Industry and FAA Safer Skies
         initiatives were combined into CAST
     •   CAST supported by Government and Industry
         with Worldwide Recognition

        IHST initiative will be driven by the same
      process that produced measurable success in
                    the part 121 arena
JHSAT - October 2006
                                                         6
                       CAST Goals
    Reduce the U.S. commercial aviation fatal
     accident rate by 80% by 2007

    Work together with airlines, JAA, ICAO, IATA, FSF,
     IFALPA, manufacturers, other international
     organizations and appropriate regulatory/
     government authorities to reduce worldwide
     commercial aviation fatal accident rate


  IHST initiative driving for same level of helicopter
               accident reduction by 2017

JHSAT - October 2006
                                                          7
      So how will this help helicopters?
  •   Mature and flexible process adapted for
      analysis of helicopter accidents

  •   Utilize helicopter community experts
      and stakeholders

  •   Process recognized internationally by industry
      and regulators

  •   Proven track record in reducing hazardous
      events

  •   Results tracked by targeted metrics
JHSAT - October 2006
                                                       8
 JHSAT Team Members


 Mark Liptak (FAA ANE) JHSAT co-chair      Jack Drake (HAI) JHSAT co-chair
 Barry Rohm (Rolls Royce)                  Ray Wall (Bristow)
 Roy Fox (Bell)                            Tony Alfalla (Sikorsky)
 Ed Stockhausen (Airmethods)               Joe Syslo (Eurocopter)
 Laura Iseler (IHST)                       Sandy Hart (NASA)
 Clark Davenport (FAA ASW)                 Matt Rigsby (FAA ASW)
 Ann Azevedo (FAA Risk consultant)         Steve Gleason (Schweizer)
 Ron Luhmann (Silver State Helicopters)    Joan Gregiore (Turbomeca)


 The JHSAT team membership represents the cross-section of interests and
 expertise needed to adequately analyze accident data and recommend safety
 improvements.




JHSAT - October 2006
                                                                             9
  Charter

  Final charter developed and agreed to by team,
  posted on JHSAT web site:

  Goal: Provide a prioritized assessment of the most safety
  critical hazards to commercial, private and military
  rotorcraft in worldwide operations as derived from
  selected rotorcraft data sources.

  Provide intervention strategies to the IHST and Joint
  Helicopter Safety Implementation Team (JHSIT) that maximize
  the likelihood of reducing worldwide helicopter accident
  rates by 80 percent by 2016.

  Provide a JHSAT report documenting the team’s
  findings to the IHST by 1Q 2007.


JHSAT - October 2006
                                                              10
Web Site

The JHSAT has established a web site at
http://www.ihst.org/jhsat/jhsat_top.htm
Id=jhsat, password=helicoptersafe

This is an access controlled site, please limit to only the IHST and
those with a need to know.

The JHSAT is using it to post NTSB data, team analysis results,
meeting minutes, agendas, action lists, etc.




JHSAT - October 2006
                                                                       11
JHSAT Process

Modeled after the CAST/JSAT process

Basic tenets:

         Engaging stakeholders/experts from the
         helicopter community

         Findings based on real world helicopter accident data

         Recommendations ranked by a structured scoring method

JHSAT has successfully modified the basic CAST process for use
with helicopter data while upholding the basic tenets of the
process.



JHSAT - October 2006
                                                                 12
                   JHSAT Basic Process Flowchart

                                                             Review             Develop
    Charter             Establish           Select
                                                              NTSB               Event
  Development            Team              Data Set
                                                           Docket Data         Sequence


                                              Score
     Score               Identify                              Assign Std        Identify
                                             Problem
 Intervention          Intervention                             Problem         Problems
                                            Validity &
 Ability/Usage          Strategies                             Statements      (what/why)
                                           Importance



                               Yes
                                                      Technical
 Prioritize by                                         Review
                                           No                        Report
    Overall                   Conflicts?                  &                         IHST
                                                                     Results
 Effectiveness                                         Expert
                                                      Validation
                                                                                   JHSIT


JHSAT - October 2006
                                                                                       13
JHSAT Dataset Selection

The initial dataset selected for JHSAT analysis is year 2000 NTSB
accidents. This will serve as the basis for the 1Q 07 report out.

The JHSAT will conduct a detailed analysis of these accidents.
There are approximately 190 accidents to be analyzed.

This NTSB dataset is nearly fully populated with final narrative
causal/factual information. Also, less likely to encounter litigation
constraints with this dataset.

Consideration of accident causal factor trends for the last 24
years gives the team high confidence that detailed analysis
of year 2000 events will yield high value recommendations
that will mitigate long standing trends (see next slides)

Future JHSAT activity will target year 2001, 2002, etc.

JHSAT - October 2006
                                                                   14
       24,294 Worldwide Civil Helicopters




                                  Source: Rotor Roster 2006




JHSAT - October 2006
                                                              15
                                       Worldwide Helicopter Accidents/Year
                                                  1980 - 2005

                           800

                           700

                           600
          Accidents/year




                           500

                           400

                           300

                           200

                           100

                            0
                            80

                                 82

                                      84


                                               86

                                                      88

                                                            90

                                                                  92

                                                                        94

                                                                              96

                                                                                   98

                                                                                        00

                                                                                             02


                                                                                                  04
                           US Civil Registry        Non-US Civil & Military   US Military & USCG (ABC)




JHSAT - October 2006
                                                                                                         16
     24 year look back – Relative stability in helicopter
                               24 Years - Little Change
                   accident causal factors
         100%



          90%



          80%

                                                                                                                                           Final
          70%                                                                                                                              causal
                                                                                                                                           data
          60%                                                                                                                              not yet
                                                                                                                                           fully
          50%                                                                                                                              developed

          40%



          30%



          20%



          10%



          0%
                 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

                Aircraft   Powerplant      Auxilary Equipment         Human Performance          Environment / Facilities       Unknown


       US dataset represents 50% of worldwide fleet

JHSAT - October 2006
                                                                                                                                                 17
Coordinating JHSAT US, International and Military Sources

The IHST safety targets are worldwide. We must interact effectively
with the worldwide community to be able to meet the targeted 80%
reduction in accidents.

The JHSAT team is starting to develop contacts and coordinate this
activity. Matt Rigsby from FAA-ASW will be acting as the contact point
for identifying overseas and military partners.

Any entity that possess large helicopter accident datasets that could
be processed by the JHSAT method should be considered.

EASA and Canada moving toward partnering with us in this process.

On-going effort to identify other partners from Asia, South America,
Oceania, etc.




JHSAT - October 2006
                                                                        18
                                 IHST Safety Initiative
    Analysis, Implementation and Metrics Management Structure
                                              IHST
    Process
                                            Executive                        Need to maintain a strong
    development                             Committee                        communication/feedback loop
    using                                                                    between IHST – JHSAT - JHSIT
    US NTSB data
    represents 48%
    of
    worldwide fleet
                                       Measure              Measure
                        JHSAT    Accident Reductions     Implementation           JHSIT
                      Lead Group     Effectiveness        Effectiveness         Lead Group

                                  JHSAT sends recommendations to JHSIT



         Canada          EASA              JHSAT/JHSIT          Canada       EASA       Region X, Y, Z
                                 Others?
          JHSAT          JHSAT                                   JHSIT       JHSIT          JHSIT
                                             cross-talk



                                                                    US/CAN/EASA/X,Y,Z
                                                                      Implementation
             US/CAN/EASA                                                  Results
              Consolidated
            Recommendations
                                                 Regions X, Y, Z defined as those pockets of operation not able
                                                 to staff a full JHSAT team and are willing to work implementation
                                                 of US/CAN/EASA findings to benefit their fleets




JHSAT - October 2006
                                                                                                                     19
       Coordinating JHSAT US and International Efforts

 US Civil
 Dataset       JSAT Process                                      Expert
Selection                        JHSAT             Tech
              Understanding                                      Review/
 (1/2 of                         Analysis         Review
                 Refining                                       Validation
helicopters                                                                          1Q 07
Worldwide)                       May-Dec 06       Jan 07
                                                                 Jan 07
                May/June 06                                                    First Set
 Mar/Apr 06
                                                                             US Mitigation
                                  FCAA & Military                                Recs
                  Train FCAA
                                     Partners
  Identify             &
                                      conduct               Mitigation
  FCAA &            Military                                                         1Q 08
                                       JHSAT                  Recs
  Military         Partners                                                   Mitigation
                                     analyses              FCAA & Mil
  Partners         in JHSAT                                                  Recs - Global
                                     on their
                    Process
    Sept 06                        accident data
                                                              TBD 07
                     TBD 06/07
                                         TBD 07

                                                                                 IHST


 JHSAT - October 2006
                                                                                        20
Using Existing Safety Reports

JHSAT is reviewing the recommendations of the following reports:

NASA - U.S. Civil Rotorcraft Accidents, 1963 Through 1997
NASA - Analysis of US Civil Rotorcraft Accidents from 1990 to 1996 and Implications for a Safety Program
NASA - ASRS Rotorcraft Incident Study - Draft Data Summary Aviation Safety Reporting System
NASA - Helicopter Accident Analysis Team
AMPA - A Safety Review and Risk Assessment in Air Medical Transport
CRS - Report for Congress - Military Aviation Safety
OGP - Safety Performance of Helicopter Operations in the Oil and Gas Industry - 2000 Data
TSB Canada - Lessons Learned from TSB Investigation of Helicopter Accidents (1994 - 2003)
Bell Textron - History of Helicopter Safety
Other NTSB and international reports may be considered.

Status: The team has extracted what it believes to be the most
important recommendations from the above reports. We are currently
drafting narrative statements that give background and context to the
recommendations. Our intent is to pass these recommendations to
the IHST in November so that the JHSIT will have several well founded
general recommendations to work with while the JHSAT completes its
accident analysis work.



JHSAT - October 2006
                                                                                                           21
Please forward questions to Mark Liptak, JHSAT co-chairperson.

This document was prepared in September 2006




JHSAT - October 2006
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