Netapp Nfs Performance Tuning Guide - PowerPoint by zzz10454

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									What, Where and Why Windows NAS?




Introducing Windows Storage Server 2008 R2
Growth of users and                                 Budget Constraints
       data
                      Distributed   Heterogeneous
                      computing     environments


        ?
                                      ?
          Increased
        Digitization of
           content


Source: IDC's 2009 Enterprise Disk Storage Consumption Model
 60

 50

 40
                                                                             File based (CAGR = 60.1%)
 30
                                                                             Block based (CAGR = 15.6%)
 20

 10

   0
           2008           2009          2010           2011    2012   2013

Source: IDC's 2009 Enterprise Disk Storage Consumption Model
 60

 50

 40
                                                                             File based (CAGR = 60.1%)
 30
                                                                             Block based (CAGR = 15.6%)
 20

 10

   0
           2008           2009          2010           2011    2012   2013

Source: IDC's 2009 Enterprise Disk Storage Consumption Model
          2010

       2008

 2007


2006


2005


 2003

       2000
Optimized for…




OEM partners deliver…
        Consumer / SOHO                         Small Business                            Mid-size Business & Branch offices                      Enterprise

                                           Lower Small           Core Small       Lower Mid-Size      Core Mid-Size            Upper Mid-Size
Target Market   (1-3 PCs)                    Business             Business                                                                         (500 & Up PCs)
                                                                                    (25- 49 PCs)      (50 - 249 PCs)           (250 - 499 PCs)
                                            (1-4 PCs)            (5- 24 PCs)

Entities         250 M                       22 M                 10 M                                     1.2 M                                          18 K


Influencer       Retail                       OEM Direct & VAR/VAP                                     IT Generalist/Pro                                  CIO

Segments           Consumer: entry level                                                            Scale-up
                                                Commercial: entry level                                                HA & Scale-out


      Windows Home Server                      Windows Storage Server Workgroup                          Windows Storage Server Standard and Enterprise
Network File Shares


Block Storage


Gateway to a SAN
When NAS?
  •   Dedicated storage servers
  •   Need iSCSI access to data
  •   File serving via a SAN Gateway
  •   Pre-configured HW for HA storage
  •   No CAL environments


General Purpose File Server?
   • Reuse existing hardware
   • Multi-use needed (i.e. DC + files)
   • Running non file-related applications
     (SQL, Exchange, SharePoint)
   • License restrictions don’t fit your
     situation.
Stand-alone initiator & target, single path   HA & Multi-pathing:

      Application Server
        iSCSI Initiator



       Ethernet Switch


    Windows Storage Server 2008
      iSCSI Software Target 3.2




      Storage Backend
These products were included in the Quality Awards for NAS IV survey.
NetApp has been nudged aside by
Hewlett-Packard (HP) Co., among
midrange vendors

Windows Storage Server solutions built
by HP and Dell were the #1 and #2 rated
Midrange NAS solutions per a recent
Storage Magazine survey


Storage Magazine:
http://searchstorage.techtarget.com/storageMagazine/images/vol9iss1/p.30.pdf
Small/Remote/Departmental         Large SM/Small Enterprise                           Large SMB/Enterprise

Standalone Unified Systems         Integrated HA Solutions                          XP/EVA/MSA/LHN Gateways




X1800                 X1800sb        X3820 2-node
                                                                                           X3800sb Gateway



  WSS2008 Standard Edition                               WSS2008 Enterprise Edition
                                                                                            X3800 Gateway
                                     X3420 2-node

X1400                     X1600


                                                                                            X3400 Gateway
                                     X3410 1-node
        Includes HP ASM
                                                              Clustering standard
           X1000                                                  X3000


                                                                                                              17
TeraStation III WSS network
attached storage solution.
Features four quick-swap
SATA hard drives, heavy-duty
power supply, and redundant
RAID technology.
File Server Capacity Tool (FSCT)




Leveraged within Microsoft to test performance characterization
              Disks: 24 RAID-10 (Single Controller Pair)          W2K8+SP2            W2K8R2-RTM                  W2K8R2+Optimized
              CPU: 1 x X5560 2.8GHz                               (4500+ Users)       (6500+ Users)               (7500+ Users)
              Memory: 16GB
              HBA: 1 x 8Gb FC                                     CPU: 11.22%         CPU: 25.1%                  CPU: 28.40%
                                                                  Memory: 44%         Memory: 52%                 Memory: 58%
              Network: 1 x 10G                                    Disk: 112 MB/s      Disk: 147 MB/s              Disk: 167 MB/s
              Disk IO bottleneck                                  Network: 121 MB/s   Network: 161 MB/s           Network: 183 MB/s


                      800

                      700
                                                                                                                W2K8R2+Optimized
                      600
                                                                                                                W2K8R2-RTM
Scenario Throughput




                      500                                                                                       W2K8+SP2
                      400                                                                                 W2K8R2+Optimized
                                                                                                          Windows Server 2008 R2
                      300
                                                                                                          W2K8R2-RTM
                                                                                                          Windows Server 2008 R2 RTM
                      200
                                                                                                          W2K8+SP2
                      100                                                                                 Windows Server 2008 + SP2

                        0



                                                           Number of Users
        Disks: 96 RAID-10 (Single Controller Pair)         W2K8+SP2               W2K8R2-RTM          W2K8R2+Optimized
        CPU: 2 x X5560 2.8GHz                              (7500+ Users)          (12500+ Users)      (16500+ Users)
        Memory: 72GB
                                                           CPU: 12.90%            CPU: 21.60%         CPU: 48.30%
        HBA: 2 x 8Gb FC
                                                           Memory: 17%            Memory: 34%         Memory: 17%
        Network: 1 x 10G                                   Disk: 179.57 MB/s      Disk: 312 MB/s      Disk: 419 MB/s
        Disk controller bottleneck                         Network: 197.84 MB/s   Network: 343 MB/s   Network: 457 MB/s


                      1800

                      1600

                      1400
Scenario Throughput




                      1200
                                                                                                        W2K8R2+Optimized
                                                                                                        W2K8R2-RTM
                      1000
                                                                                                        W2K8+SP2
                       800
                                                                                                      W2K8R2
                       600                                                                            Windows Server 2008 R2

                       400                                                                            W2K8R2-RTM
                                                                                                      Windows Server 2008 R2 RTM
                       200
                                                                                                      W2K8+SP2
                         0                                                                            Windows Server 2008 + SP2



                                                     Number of Users
                      Disks: 192 RAID-0 (Dual Controller Pair)
                      CPU: 2 x X5560 2.8GHz
                                                                                   23000 Users
                      Memory: 72GB                                                 CPU: 63.10%
                      HBA: 4 x 8Gb FC                                              Memory: 23%
                                                                                   Disk: 601 MB/s
                      Network: 2 x 10G                                             Network: 650 MB/s
                      Bottleneck not analyzed


                                                                                   80


                                                                                   70


                                                                                   60
Scenario Throughput




                                                                                   50


                                                                                   40


                                                                                   30
                                                                                                       W2K8R2+Optimized
                                                                                                  Windows Server
                                                                                   20
                                                                                                  2008 R2
                                                                                   10


                                                                                    0




                                                                 Number of Users
New title, icon,
   header




                        Default tasks
                          hidden




                   Custom OEM
                     section
Transparent   Useful




Fast          Scalable

              Tested with 2.2 million duplicates on
              volumes with 5.6 million files, 10,000
              duplicates of each file while reading and
              writing 35,000 files.
                                            iSCSI: An Internet Protocol (IP) based
                                            storage networking standard for linking data
                                            storage facilities.

                                            iSCSI Targets are instances of hard disk
                                            storage that connect over IP or Ethernet
                                            networks. Targets listen to initiator
                                            commands and perform the required I/O.
iSCSI Initiator



                                                         iSCSI Software
                                                             Target



                  Gigabit Ethernet Switch
Microsoft iSCSI Software Target

             LUN 2


  LUN 3                 LUN 1

                                                Hyper-V
                                                                               Parent             Child
                                                                              Partition          Partition
     iSCSI



                iSCSI




                           iSCSI


                                   LUN 1  Y:                Y:\V2\V2.VHD                  VHD2  E:
                                                                 VHD2
                                                     Uses Storage Data Path

                                    LUN 2                                                 LUN 2  F:
                                                          pass-through



                                                                                          LUN 3  G:
                                                      Uses Network Data Path
Terminal Shell
HyperTerminal with a serial cable for full command-line support


Remote Desktop
MSTSC.exe


RDP with a Browser
Point browser to: http://servername/desktop

Tested with:
 Red Hat Enterprise Linux
 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10
 Java Runtime Environment 6
 Firefox v3
Reference Design                                                     Deployment Time   Subsequent Boot Time

HP ProLiant DL380G6 1x Quad Core 24GB                                55 Minutes        4:43
Smart Array P410i in Embedded Slot, 6x300GB 2-Port SAS drives
RAID: RAID5 1 logical volume
HP ProLiant SE326M1 2x Quad Core 48GB                                29 Minutes        4:15
HP P800, 20x10K 146G SFF SAS disksRAID: RAID50 (striped logic
volume on top of two RAID5 vdisk, each vdisk has 10 disk spindles)
HP ProLiant DL380G6 2x Quad Core 48GB                                16 Minutes        2:44
2 Fusion-IO SSD Cards (PCI-e), configured for write optimization
RAID: RAID 0 over two 80 GB volumes
               Windows Storage Server 2008 R2 Editions
                             Workgroup     Standard    Enterprise
NAS Segments                 Entry level   Scale Up       HA
Architecture                    x64          x64          x64
Memory                         32GB          32GB         2TB
CPU Sockets                      4            4            8
HW RAID                         Yes           Yes         Yes
Users                            25        Unlimited   Unlimited
Disks                            6         Unlimited   Unlimited
iSCSI Software Target           Yes           Yes         Yes
with PowerShell cmdlets
File sharing (SMB/NFS)          Yes           Yes         Yes
BitLocker                       Yes           Yes         Yes
               Windows Storage Server 2008 R2 Editions
                                    Workgroup   Standard   Enterprise
Customizable Standalone OOBE           Yes        Yes         Yes
2- Node Cluster OOBE                   No         No          Yes
Single Instance Storage                No         Yes         Yes
with PowerShell cmdlets
Web RDP                                Yes        Yes         Yes
Virtualization (Hosts or Guests)       No         Yes         Yes
Print, DHCP                            Yes        Yes         Yes
Windows Server Backup                  Yes        Yes         Yes
DFS-Namespace and Replication          Yes        Yes         Yes
File Server Resource Manager
                                       Yes        Yes         Yes
(Quotas, Screens, Classification)
DNS, WINS, RODC                        No         Yes         Yes
BranchCache - Hosted Cache             No         No          Yes
New
Why deploy Windows Server 2008 R2 file servers?

                    Windows Server 2008 R2 offers a low acquisition cost
 Cost               file serving platform, while reducing operational and
 effective          management costs.

                    Windows Server 2008 R2 delivers high performance and
 Enterprise ready
                    scalability for the largest of enterprise data centers, while
 platform           offering optimizations for small offices and branches.

                    Windows Server 2008 R2 enables easy collaboration
 Better             across Windows and non-Windows clients, Microsoft and
 Together           3rd Party infrastructure.
* InfoWorld article : http://akamai.infoworld.com/Network_Appliance_FAS2020/product_91714.html?view=1&curNodeId=61
** http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd335038.aspx
** http://download.microsoft.com/download/4/5/9/459033a1-6ee2-45b3-ae76 a2dd1da3e81b/Windows_Server_2008_Power_Savings.pdf
Windows & Non-Windows
Clients
 No manual configuration needed to support access
 for UNIX clients
 Single identity mapping solution with Active
 Directory® to map Windows and non Windows
 clients                                            Rich ISV and IHV eco-system
Microsoft infrastructure                            Antivirus, Backup, Replication
 Active Directory®                                  Hierarchical storage management
 Forefront®
 System Center®
 Data Protection Manager
                                                                                           Branch Office
                                                                                           (Local Server)
                 Head Office
                                                                                               BranchCache
                                                                                               Hosted Cache




                                                                               NFS                     Folder Redirection/
Data Management                                                                                        Offline Files
•   Quotas
•   File Screens
•   Classification




                               Virtual Namespaces
                     HA File   (DFS-N)                           Branch Office
                     Servers                                     (Serverless)

                                                                                       Win 7
                                                            BranchCache Peer to Peer


                                                    Win 7
                                                   90%




                  % of time compared to Explorer
                                                   80%
                                                                                                Legend
Lower is better

                                                   70%
                                                                                                file size:# files
                            drag & drop            60%

                                                   50%                                               100B:200
                                                   40%
                                                                                                     64KB:200
                                                                                                     256KB:200
                                                   30%
                                                                                                     1MB:50
                                                   20%

                                                   10%

                                                   0%
                                                         1   2    4            8     16   128
                                                                 Number of threads
                       More
 Greater              Secure
Scalability
                                       Compound Packets




                                              Increased
                                             Buffer Sizes
     Symbolic
       Links


                Durable File Handles
         Write Request                 File Transfer Speed (mB/sec), 1 GB file, 1 gb link
         Write Response           80                        71.91
                                  70                                                        62.21
     Pre-Vista            Vista
                                  60
                                  50                41.01                          44.04
                                  40
                                  30
                                  20        15.82                          14.12
                                  10
                                   0
                                               1 ms (Upload)                1 ms (Download)

                                        XP-SMB1              Vista-SMB1            Vista-SMB2




51
         Write Request                 File Transfer Speed (mB/sec), 1 GB file, 1 gb link
         Write Response           12
                                                                                            9.82
     Pre-Vista            Vista   10
                                  8                         7.29
                                  6
                                                                                   4.29
                                  4                  3.08
                                  2           0.57                          0.31
                                  0
                                              100 ms (Upload)              100 ms (Download)

                                        XP-SMB1             Vista-SMB1             Vista-SMB2




52
4000

       3573
3500



3000



2500
                            8dot3 enabled
2000                        8dot3 disabled
                            8dot3 stripped
1500



1000



 500

                48     61
   0


              Create
300




      249      251
250




200




150                          8dot3 disabled
                             8dot3 disabled
100                          8dot3 stripped


50
                        25

  0



            Enumerate
1       2




3   4
            Implement Solutions
https://connect.microsoft.com/invitationentry.aspx
www.microsoft.com/StorageServer



blogs.technet.com/StorageServer



NASPM@microsoft.com
              e Servers: Using the File Classification Infrastructure to Solve Common
   Problems
   WSV323 Past, Present, and Future of Windows-Based NAS: A Growing Market for
   Highly Available Solutions

Hands On Labs
   WSV20-HOL Getting Insight and Managing Data Using the File Classification
   Infrastructure
www.microsoft.com/teched       www.microsoft.com/learning




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