The 2011 Import and Export Market for Mineral Fuels, Lubricants, and Related Materials in France by ICONGroup


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									   The 2011 Import and Export
    Market for Mineral Fuels,
     Lubricants, and Related
       Materials in France

                         Professor Philip M. Parker, Ph. D.
                      Chaired Professor of Management Science
                    INSEAD (Singapore & Fontainebleau, France)                                      ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.

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                                About the Author
Dr. Philip M. Parker is the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation, Business and Society at
INSEAD where he has taught courses on multivariate statistics and global competitive strategy
since 1988. He has also taught courses at MIT, Stanford University, Harvard University, UCLA,
UCSD, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of six books
on the economic convergence of nations. These books introduce the notion of “physioeconomics”
which foresees a lack of global convergence in economic behaviors due to physiological and
physiographic forces. His latest book is "Physioeconomics: The Basis for Long-Run Economic
Growth" (MIT Press 2000). He has also published numerous articles in academic journals,
including The Rand Journal of Economics, Marketing Science, the Journal of International
Business Studies, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, International Journal of
Forecasting, the European Management Journal, the European Journal of Operational
Research, Journal of Marketing, International Journal of Research in Marketing, and Journal of
Marketing Research. He is also on the editorial boards of several academic journals.

Dr. Parker received his Ph.D. in Business Economics from the Wharton School of the University
of Pennsylvania and has Masters degrees in Finance and Banking (University of Aix-Marseille)
and Managerial Economics (Wharton). His undergraduate degrees are in mathematics, biology
and economics (minor in aeronautical engineering). He has consulted and/or taught courses in
Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, North America and Europe.

                                 About this Series
This series was created for international firms who rely on foreign export markets for a
substantial portion of their business or who might be threatened by foreign trade competition.
The estimates given in this report were created using a methodology developed by and under the
direct supervision of Professor Philip M. Parker, the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation,
Business and Society, at INSEAD. The methodology, relying on historical figures of economic
growth and trade flows, estimates the market shares of some 150 countries for over 500 industrial
or product categories. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are projected for the current year of trade.

Some of the methodologies and research approaches used in this report have benefited from the
R&D Committee at INSEAD, whose research support is gratefully acknowledged. Additional
editorial assistance from Tiffany LaRochelle, ICON Group International, Inc., is also
acknowledged.                                                    ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.

                           About ICON Group Ltd.
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                                              Contents        v

Table of Contents
1     INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY                        9
2     FRANCE AND THE WORLD MARKET                        11
    2.1     Imports in France in 2011                    11
    2.2     Exports from France in 2011                  12
3     IMPORTS IN FRANCE                                  13
    3.1      Africa                                      13
       3.1.1   Algeria                                   13
       3.1.2   Angola                                    14
       3.1.3   Burkina Faso                              14
       3.1.4   Cameroon                                  15
       3.1.5   Central African Republic                  15
       3.1.6   Congo (formerly Zaire)                    16
       3.1.7   Cote d'Ivoire                             16
       3.1.8   Egypt                                     17
       3.1.9   Equatorial Guinea                         18
       3.1.10 Gabon                                      19
       3.1.11 Kenya                                      19
       3.1.12 Libya                                      20
       3.1.13 Morocco                                    21
       3.1.14 Niger                                      21
       3.1.15 Nigeria                                    22
       3.1.16 South Africa                               23
       3.1.17 Tunisia                                    24
    3.2      Asia                                        25
       3.2.1   China                                     25
       3.2.2   India                                     26
       3.2.3   Indonesia                                 27
       3.2.4   Japan                                     28
       3.2.5   Malaysia                                  29
       3.2.6   Singapore                                 30
       3.2.7   South Korea                               31
       3.2.8   Sri Lanka                                 32
       3.2.9   Thailand                                  33
       3.2.10 Vietnam                                    34
    3.3      Europe                                      35
       3.3.1   Albania                                   35
       3.3.2   Austria                                   36
       3.3.3   Belarus                                   37
       3.3.4   Belgium                                   38
       3.3.5   Bulgaria                                  39
       3.3.6   Croatia                                   40
       3.3.7   Czech Republic                            41
       3.3.8   Denmark                                   42
       3.3.9   Estonia                                   43
       3.3.10 Finland                                    44
       3.3.11 France                                     45
       3.3.12 Georgia                                    46
       3.3.13 Germany                                    47
       3.3.14 Greece                                     48                   ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                               Contents        vi

     3.3.15 Hungary                                       49
     3.3.16 Ireland                                       50
     3.3.17 Italy                                         51
     3.3.18 Kazakhstan                                    52
     3.3.19 Latvia                                        53
     3.3.20 Lithuania                                     54
     3.3.21 Luxembourg                                    55
     3.3.22 Malta                                         55
     3.3.23 Norway                                        56
     3.3.24 Poland                                        57
     3.3.25 Portugal                                      58
     3.3.26 Romania                                       59
     3.3.27 Russia                                        60
     3.3.28 Slovakia                                      61
     3.3.29 Spain                                         62
     3.3.30 Sweden                                        63
     3.3.31 Switzerland                                   64
     3.3.32 the Netherlands                               65
     3.3.33 the United Kingdom                            66
     3.3.34 Ukraine                                       67
  3.4      Latin America                                  68
     3.4.1    Argentina                                   68
     3.4.2    Brazil                                      69
     3.4.3    Colombia                                    70
     3.4.4    Guatemala                                   71
     3.4.5    Mexico                                      72
     3.4.6    Venezuela                                   73
  3.5      North America & the Caribbean                  74
     3.5.1    Antigua and Barbuda                         74
     3.5.2    Aruba                                       74
     3.5.3    Canada                                      75
     3.5.4    St. Lucia                                   76
     3.5.5    the Netherlands Antilles                    76
     3.5.6    the United States                           77
     3.5.7    Trinidad and Tobago                         78
  3.6      Oceana                                         79
     3.6.1    Australia                                   79
  3.7      the Middle East                                80
     3.7.1    Azerbaijan                                  80
     3.7.2    Bahrain                                     81
     3.7.3    Iran                                        82
     3.7.4    Iraq                                        83
     3.7.5    Israel                                      84
     3.7.6    Kuwait                                      85
     3.7.7    Oman                                        86
     3.7.8    Qatar                                       87
     3.7.9    Saudi Arabia                                88
     3.7.10 Syrian Arab Republic                          89
     3.7.11 the United Arab Emirates                      90
     3.7.12 Turkey                                        91
     3.7.13 Turkmenistan                                  92
     3.7.14 Yemen                                         93                    ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                              Contents         vii

4     EXPORTS FROM FRANCE                                94
    4.1      Africa                                       94
       4.1.1   Benin                                      94
       4.1.2   Cameroon                                   95
       4.1.3   Central African Republic                   96
       4.1.4   Malawi                                     96
       4.1.5   Mauritius                                  97
       4.1.6   Morocco                                    98
       4.1.7   Mozambique                                 99
       4.1.8   Senegal                                   100
       4.1.9   Sudan                                     101
       4.1.10 Tanzania                                   102
       4.1.11 the Gambia                                 103
       4.1.12 Togo                                       104
       4.1.13 Uganda                                     105
       4.1.14 Zambia                                     106
    4.2      Asia                                        107
       4.2.1   Hong Kong                                 107
       4.2.2   Indonesia                                 108
       4.2.3   Malaysia                                  109
       4.2.4   Maldives                                  110
       4.2.5   Philippines                               111
       4.2.6   Seychelles                                112
    4.3      Europe                                      113
       4.3.1   Albania                                   113
       4.3.2   Austria                                   114
       4.3.3   Belarus                                   115
       4.3.4   Belgium                                   116
       4.3.5   Bosnia and Herzegovina                    117
       4.3.6   Bulgaria                                  118
       4.3.7   Croatia                                   119
       4.3.8   Cyprus                                    120
       4.3.9   Denmark                                   121
       4.3.10 Estonia                                    122
       4.3.11 Finland                                    123
       4.3.12 Georgia                                    124
       4.3.13 Germany                                    125
       4.3.14 Greece                                     126
       4.3.15 Hungary                                    127
       4.3.16 Iceland                                    128
       4.3.17 Ireland                                    129
       4.3.18 Italy                                      130
       4.3.19 Latvia                                     131
       4.3.20 Lithuania                                  132
       4.3.21 Luxembourg                                 133
       4.3.22 Macedonia                                  134
       4.3.23 Malta                                      135
       4.3.24 Moldova                                    136
       4.3.25 Norway                                     137
       4.3.26 Poland                                     138
       4.3.27 Romania                                    139
       4.3.28 Russia                                     140
       4.3.29 Slovakia                                   141                   ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                                           Contents         viii

       4.3.30 Slovenia                                                142
       4.3.31 Spain                                                   143
       4.3.32 Sweden                                                  144
       4.3.33 Switzerland                                             145
       4.3.34 the Netherlands                                         146
       4.3.35 the United Kingdom                                      147
       4.3.36 Ukraine                                                 148
    4.4      Latin America                                            149
       4.4.1    Argentina                                             149
       4.4.2    Colombia                                              150
       4.4.3    Costa Rica                                            151
       4.4.4    Ecuador                                               152
       4.4.5    Guatemala                                             153
       4.4.6    Mexico                                                154
       4.4.7    Nicaragua                                             155
       4.4.8    Panama                                                156
       4.4.9    Peru                                                  157
    4.5      North America & the Caribbean                            158
       4.5.1    Canada                                                158
       4.5.2    the United States                                     159
       4.5.3    Trinidad and Tobago                                   160
    4.6      Oceana                                                   161
       4.6.1    Australia                                             161
       4.6.2    New Caledonia                                         162
    4.7      the Middle East                                          163
       4.7.1    Azerbaijan                                            163
       4.7.2    Bahrain                                               164
       4.7.3    Iran                                                  165
       4.7.4    Israel                                                166
       4.7.5    Jordan                                                167
       4.7.6    Kyrgyzstan                                            168
       4.7.7    Oman                                                  169
       4.7.8    Qatar                                                 170
       4.7.9    Saudi Arabia                                          171
       4.7.10 Yemen                                                   172
    5.1    Disclaimers & Safe Harbor                                  173
    5.2    ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions                  174                                ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                    Mineral Fuels, Lubricants, and Related Materials in France     9

On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on mineral fuels, lubricants, and
related materials in France face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying mineral
fuels, lubricants, and related materials to France? How important is France compared to others in
terms of the entire global and regional market? How much do the imports of mineral fuels,
lubricants, and related materials vary from one country of origin to another in France? On the
supply side, France also exports mineral fuels, lubricants, and related materials. Which countries
receive the most exports from France? How are these exports concentrated across buyers? What
is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers?

This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for mineral fuels, lubricants, and
related materials in France. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be
contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which
appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic
and trade models, to estimate the market for mineral fuels, lubricants, and related materials for
those countries serving France via exports, or supplying from France via imports. It does so for
the current year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models.

In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where France fits into the world market for
imported and exported mineral fuels, lubricants, and related materials. The total level of imports
and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for France in particular, is estimated using a model
which aggregates across over 150 key country markets and projects these to the current year.
From there, each country represents a percent of the world market. This market is served from a
number of competitive countries of origin. Based on both demand- and supply-side dynamics,
market shares by country of origin are then calculated across each country market destination.
These shares lead to a volume of import and export values for each country and are aggregated to
regional and world totals. In doing so, we are able to obtain maximum likelihood estimates of
both the value of each market and the share that France is likely to receive this year. From these
figures, rankings are calculated to allow managers to prioritize France compared to other major
country markets. In this way, all the figures provided in this report are forecasts that can be
combined with internal information sources for strategic planning purposes.

After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports of mineral fuels,
lubricants, and related materials, Chapter 3 goes into detail on imports, but for each major
country of origin serving France. A “major” market is defined as a country where France
represents a substantially large share of either imports or exports. For each major country
exporting to France, one can thus observe how important France is to that exporting country
compared to other countries of the world. Chapter 4 does the same, but for exports of mineral
fuels, lubricants, and related materials originating from France, for each major country of
destination. In doing so, one can discover the share that France has in each major market; this
share value is often used as a measure of competitiveness for France. In all cases, the total dollar                                                         ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                    Mineral Fuels, Lubricants, and Related Materials in France     10

volume and percentage share values by major trading partner are provided. Combined, Chapters
3 and 4 present a the total picture for imports and exports of mineral fuels, lubricants, and related
materials to and from France to and from all other major countries in the world. "Mineral Fuels,
Lubricants, and Related Materials" as a category is defined in this report following the definition
given by the United Nations Statistics Division Classification Registry using the Standard
International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC, Rev. 3). The SITC code that defined
"mineral fuels, lubricants, and related materials" is 3 . For more information on this definition,
please refer to the following web site: .

This report is updated on an annual basis. To ensure that you have the most current version,
please check the web site of ICON Group at

Important Caveat. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are forecasted for the current year of trade. More importantly, in light of the fact
that unforeseeable factors might interrupt markets in achieving their reported levels, the figures
should be seen as estimates of potential. For exampl
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