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					• Extremely diverse climate/tropical in south,
  subarctic in north
• Mostly mountainous, high plateaus, deserts in
  west
• Suffers through Earthquakes because it partly lies
  on the Ring of Fire
FAULT
Tian Shan Mountains




Himalayas, Kunlun Shan, Atlai
Plateau of Tibet




                   Video
• Rivers = Yangtze,
  Yellow, Xi
• Yellow = China’s
  Sorrow, killed
  hundreds of
  thousands, caused a lot
  of damage
DIKES
Deserts
COMMUNIST STATE
                Economy
• Since 1949 has been a communist state
• Government controlled every aspect of the
  state
• Discovered that the communist system
  caused many problems & that China was
  falling behind other countries in technology
  & manufacturing
• Recently government leaders have been
  making changes to improve the economy
FREE ENTERPRISE SYSTEM
               Economy
• As a result of changes, China’s economy
  has boomed
• The value of goods & services has increased
  4x from 1978-1999
• China was eager to learn new business
  methods so they encouraged other countries
  to invest in their economy
INVEST
             Shared Investments
• Many companies in China are jointly owned with
  foreign business men
• Are able to pay Chinese workers a lot less & there is
  hundreds of millions of new possible customers
• Many American businesses have moved to China
CONSUMER GOODS
ONE COUNTRY, TWO SYSTEMS
       Economical Damages
• Growing Industry has dramatically hurt the
  environment/coal burning pollutes the
  air/factories dump poisonous chemicals into
  the river
• Pollution has caused a great increase in lung
  disease/1/4 of all deaths in China
           Hong Kong & Macau
• Hong Kong was
  controlled by
  Britain until 1997
• Macau was
  controlled by
  Potugal until 1999
• Both cities are
  centers of
  manufacturing,
  trade, and finance
            CHINA/history
• Civilization is more than 4,000 years old
• Was ruled by dynasties until the early
  1900’s
• Dynasties would hold power until it was
  overthrown
• Through the rule of dynasties, China built a
  highly developed culture and conquered
  many neighboring lands
                   Confucius
• Taught people to be polite,
  honest, brave, & wise
• Children were to obey their
  parents
• Everyone was to respect the
  elderly & obey the
  country’s rules
• Confucius thoughts shaped
  China until early 1900’s
Confucius’ Tomb
                Laozi/Daoism
• Laozi came around during
  Confucius time
• His Daoism teachings
  stated that people should
  live simply and in harmony
  with nature
• Laozi’s beliefs attracted
  writers & artists
           Chinese Inventions
•Famous Chinese inventions = silk, clock,
compass, printed books, gunpowder, fireworks,
paper
                    History
• Foreign influence increased in China in the 1700’s
  & 1800’s
• United Kingdom & other nations used military force
  to force China to trade
• Europeans wanted fine Chinese goods such as tea,
  silk, & pottery
              Communist China
• In 1911, Dr. Sun Yat-sen led an uprising that
  overthrew the last emperor
• China became a republic until disorder allowed for
  the Nationalist and Communist parties to take
  control
• After WWII, Nationalist & Communist fought for
  power
• Communists won & set up power
• Nationalist fled to the neighboring island of Taiwan
  where they set up a rival governenment
           Communist China
• Under communism, farms were organized into
  large government owned farms
• Women were forced to join the industrial
  workforce
• There were some economic benefits such as
  improved agriculture and dams
• Many govt programs went severely wrong and
  individual freedoms were completely lost
• Many who opposed Communism were killed
• After Mao died in 76, Deng
  Xiaoping took China in a
  different direction
• Deng opened up the economy
  to western ideas
• However, government
  continued to deny individual
  freedoms and acted harshly
  against anyone who criticized
  the government
               Tiananmen Square

• In 1989, students gathered to
  protest and demand
  democracy
• Tanks rolled in and killed
  thousands and arrested many
  more
• Many countries criticized
  China’s human rights and
  refused to trade until better
  treatment of citizens
Tiananmen Square Protest, 1989
HUMAN RIGHTS
                 Tibet/Dalai Lama
• Government took control
  of Tibet, a Buddhist
  kingdom, in 1950
• Tibet tried to rebel 9 years
  later and was crushed
• The Dalai Lama now
  lives in exile in India and
  US
• Lama travels the world
  seeking support
EXILE
• China is known for its traditional arts
  – pottery, jade, jewelry, decorated silk, sculpture,
    and architecture
  – first to develop porcelain
  – Chinese enjoy fish, crab, and shrimp dishes
  – Most of their food is made with a lot of pepper
  – Typical Chinese meal includes vegetables w/
    bits of meat or seafood, soup, rice or noodles
  – Stir Fry = Is cooked quickly in small amounts
    of oil
•   92% belong to Han ethnic group
•   8% belong to 55 other ethnic groups
•   1/5 of the world’s population
•   1.3 billion=population
PAGODAS
                Calligraphy
• No alphabet in China
• It is a system where symbols
  represent concepts
• Should know at least 3,000
  character to be able to
  understand newspapers
• 6,000 characters are essential
  in every day use
• Dictionary could have
  40,000-50,000 characters
                   Geography
•   Island 100 miles off southeast coast of China
•   Mild winters & hot, rainy summers
•   central = ridge of steep forested mountains
•   east = mountains descend to rocky coastline
•   west = fertile flat plain/home to 90% of people
                    Economy
• One of world’s most
  prosperous economies
• Most of the wealth comes
  from technology industries,
  manufacturing, trade
• Factories make computers,
  calculators, radios,
  televisions, telephones
• Have placed some factories
  in other Asian nations, ex
  Thailand
HIGH TECHNOLOGY
   INDUSTRIES
                Economy
• Taiwan & China has improved economic
  ties since early 90’s
• Solid agricultural economy = farmers grow
  rice on terraces built on sides of mountains
• Grow enough food to supply for own people
  and export
Terraced Rice Fields
                  History
• Used to be part of the
  Chinese Empire
• 1895, Japan took control
  after defeating China in
  war
• Japan developed economy
  but treated people very
  poorly
• Taiwan was returned to
  China after WWII
• 1949, Chang Kai-Shek of
  Nationalist fled China &
  brought 1 m. refugees
                  History
• Kai-Shek and followers were escaping
  communism
• Nationalist planned to go back and take
  China but never did
• Nationalist controlled Taiwan until early
  1990’s & established a 1 party system
• Is now a democracy and locals are allowed
  to participate in govt.
• Never declared independence, China still
  claims as a province, threatens to use force
  if they ever did
                    People
• 75% of people live in urban areas
• 22.5 m. population
• Chinese culture affects the customs and
  architecture of Taiwan
              Geography
• Size of Alaska, landlocked
• Known as the land of the Blue Sky
• Rugged mountains & high plateaus in the
  west and central regions
• Country is covered with steppes
• Extreme climates=hot summers, cold
  winters
• Capital = Ulaanbaator
Gobi
Steppes
Ulaanbaatar
                    People
• 60 % of people live in urban areas = some are
  nomadic
• Herder/nomads live in yurts
• Mongolians live on farms
• 2.4 m. = population
• Main religion is Buddhism, even though it is
  discouraged
Nomads
                    Economy
• Many Mongolians tend to sheep, goats, cattle, and
  camels
• Important industries depend on animal products
• Factories use wool to make textiles and clothing
• Factories use hides to make leather and shoes
• Farmers grow wheat and grain
• economy based on agriculture and breeding
                   History
• Gained fame in the 13th century under Genghis
  Khan, they conquered 80% of Eurasia, stretched
  from China to Eastern Europe
• Gained fame as fierce fighters
• Revered for their skill and knowledge of raising
  and riding horses
• After Khan’s death, empire was divided into
  several Mongol states, but broke apart in 14th
  century
Genghis
 Khan
Mongols
Empire
                   History
• Mongols eventually retired back to their steppe
  homeland and became under the control of the
  chinese
• Mongolia won independence in 1921 with
  soviet backing
• Communist regime was installed in in 1924
• Became democratic in the early 1990s through
  lessening of power from communist
• Parliamentary democracy
Yurt

				
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posted:4/18/2011
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Description: Invest Fireworks Industry document sample