Course title: A Critical Cultural History of China: Modern China Course code: CHE 3105/6002 Lesson: TUTO Wednesday 9:30pm-10:15pm LECT Wednesday 10:30am-12:15pm Professor: John Lagerwey This course will focus on the emergence of two modern Chinas, that of the gentry and that of the people: 1) the re-emergence of Confucianism as ―this culture of ours‖, eventually leading to the creation of lineage China in the 16th century; 2) the emergence of ―popular culture‖, which includes a popular, increasingly state-supported pantheon of local gods, local festivals built around these gods, and popular literature. Particular attention will be paid to parallel transformations of the economy and of the legal system. Lecture 1 September 8 ―Modern China‖ 1 Tutorial reading : *Paul Jakov Smith, ―Introduction: Problematizing the Song-Yuan-Ming Transition,‖ in Paul Jakov Smith and Richard von Glahn, eds. The Song-Yuan-Ming Transition in Chinese History, pp. 1-34 John W. Dardess: ―Did the Mongols Matter? Territory, Power, and the Intelligentsia in China from the Northern Song to the Early Ming,‖ pp. 111-134 Li Bozhong, ―Was There a ‗Fourteenth-Century Turning point‘? Population, Land, Technology, and Farm Management,‖ pp. 135-175 Topic 1 Religion and Thought in the Song and Jin Lecture 2 September 15 Religion in the Southern Song Tutorial readings: *Valerie Hansen, ―The Granting of Titles,‖ in Hansen, Changing Gods in Medieval China, 1127-1276, pp. 79-104 ―Lay Choices,‖ pp. 29-47; ―Understanding the Gods,‖ pp. 48-78; ―The Rise of Regional Cults,‖ pp. 128-59 Lecture 3 September 22 Daoism in the Song and Jin Tutorial readings: *Edward Davis, ―Spirit Possession and the Grateful Dead: Daoist and Buddhist Mortuary Ritual in the Song,‖ in Davis, Society and the Supernatural in Song China, pp. 171-199 *Tao-chung Yao, ―Quanzhen—Complete Pefection,‖ in Livia Kohn, ed., Daoism Handbook , pp. 567-593 Lecture 4 September 29 Buddhism in the Song Tutorial readings: *Daniel Stevenson, ―Protocols of Power: Tz‘u-yun Tsun-shih (964-1032) and T‘ien-t‘ai Lay Buddhist Ritual in the Sung,‖ in Peter Gregory and Daniel Getz, eds., Buddhism in the Sung, pp. 340-408 Ari Borrell, ―Ko-wu or Kung-an? Practice, Realization, and Teaching in the Thought of Chang Chiu-ch‘eng,‖ pp. 62-108 1 An asterisk* indicates required reading for all. A ll other items are addit ional suggested readings on which students may also prepare oral reports on the day indicated. Unless ot herwise indicated, additional readings come fro m the same book as the required text . The books fro m which the selected readings come may also serve as the basis for a book report (see below, Course Requirements). Lecture 5 October 6 Confucianism in the Song Tutorial readings: *Peter Bol, ―Learning,‖ Neo-Confucianism in history, pp. 153-192 Hoyt Tillman, ―Confucianism Under the Chin and the Impact of Sung Confucian Tao -hsüeh,‖ in Hoyt Tillman and Stephen West, eds., China Under Jurchen Rule: Essays on Chin Intellectual and Cultural History, pp. 71-114 Topic 2 Legal and Economic Culture (lectures by Professors Billy So and David Faure) Lecture 6 October 13 Chinese Legal Tradition and Its Modern Predicament (Professor So) Tutorial readings: *Chen, Albert HY. An Introduction to the legal system of the People’s Republic of China, Chap 2 (pp.6-21). Lecture 7 October 20 Supernatural Enforcement of Law (Professor So) Tutorial readings: *Katz, Paul. Divine Justice: Religion and the Development of Chinese Legal Culture, Introduction, chap 2 (pp.47-60) Lecture 8 October 27 The emergence of the market economy in the Ming dynasty (Professor Faure) Tutorial readings: *Mark Elvin, The Pattern of the Chinese Past, chap 16 (pp 268-284); *David Faure, China and Capitalism, chapter 3, pp. 27-44. Richard von Glahn, Fountain of Fortune, Money and Monetary Policy in China, 1000-1700, chapter 4, pp. 113-133; Topic 3 Religion and Society in Ming-Qing China Lecture 9 November 3 Lineage Ideology and Rites Tutorial readings: *Timothy Brook, ―Funerary Ritual and the Building of Lineages in Late Imperial China,‖ Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 49 (1989), pp. 465-99. Patricia Ebrey, ―Chu Hsi‘s Authorship of the Family Rituals,‖ in Ebrey, Confucianism and Family Rituals in Imperial China: A Social History of Writing about Rites, pp. Ebrey, ―The Orthodoxy of Chu Hsi‘s Family Rituals,‖ Confucianism and Family Rituals Lecture 10 November 10 Lineage Society and the Gods Tutorial readings: *David Faure, ―The Ordering of Community in Ritual Life,‖ in Emperor and Ancestor: State and Lineage in South China, pp. 193-217 *Richard von Glahn, ―The Sociology of Religion in the Lake T‘ai-hu Basin,‖ in Lagerwey, ed., Chinese Society and Religion, vol. 2, Taoism and Local Religion in Modern China, pp. 773–815 Lecture 11 November 17 Confucian Ritualism Tutorial readings: *Kai-wing Chow, ―Introduction,‖ The Rise of Confucian Ritualism in Late Imperial China: Ethics, Classics, and Lineage Discourse, pp. 1-14 *―Ritualism and Gentry Culture: Women and Lineage,‖ pp. 204-222 ―Ritualist Ethics and Textual Purism in the Kangxi Reign,‖ pp.44-70 Lecture 12 November 24 Daoist Exorcism and Popular Literature Tutorial readings: *Mark Meulenbeld, ―Containment and Canonization: Capturing Demons with Words,‖ in Civilized demons: Ming thunder gods from ritual to literature, pp. 266-317 Ursula-Angelika Cedzich, ―The Cult of the Wu-t‘ung/Wu-hsien in History and Fiction: The Religious Roots of the Journey to the South,‖ in David Johnson, ed., Ritual and Scripture in Chinese Popular Religion: Five Studies, pp. 137-218 Lecture 13 December 1 Popular Buddhism Tutorial readings: *Barend ter Haar, ―The White Lotus Movement,‖ The White Lotus Teachings in Chinese Religious History, pp. 64-113 ―New Style White Lotus Teachings?‖ pp. 114-172 Course Assessment CHE 3105 1. 15-minute oral presentation of two tutorial readings: 20% each Students should prepare a one- or two-page handout or a powerpoint so as to make it easier for fellow students to follow their presentation. 2. 2 take-home tests, to be handed in on October 13 and December 1: 30% each The questions to be answered will be distributed two weeks in advance and will be based entirely on the required readings: they are designed to test your understanding of these readings. 3. Extra credit will be given for a book report, to be handed in on December 1. CHE 6002 1. 15-minute oral presentation of two tutorial readings: 20% each Students should prepare a one- or two-page handout or a powerpoint so as to make it easier for fellow students to follow their presentation. 2. Topical paper, take-home test, and book reports: 60% Students have a choice between writing three book reports or one book report and a paper on subjects of their choice (a paper is the equivalent of two book reports). They may also do one or both take-home tests, each of which counts as the equivalent of one book report. At least one-third of this requirement must be fulfilled by October13. All re maining papers and reports must be handed in by December 1. Please note that students may also chose to write one paper and two reports. Deadlines are the same, meaning that one-third of the written work must be handed in by October 13, the other two-thirds by December 1. 3. Extra credit will be given for any additional work (paper, report, test), to be handed in by December 1. Book reports and papers The reports may be on any book on the reserve reading list. Any other books require prior approval from the professor. By ―report‖ is meant not a critique but a thorough summary of the contents of the selected book. Please note that this is a book report, not a report on an article or on a chapter of a book. Reports should be around 3000 words; a paper would be roughly double that amount. Among the suggested topics for papers are: ancestor worship, popular religion, Confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism for the period covered by the course. Students should consult with the professor about giving their topic a more precise definition and bibliography. Course assignments: please follow the CUHK rules concerning submission: 1. Each student must upload a soft copy of each completed assignment to the plagiarism detection engine CUPIDE, at the URL: http://cupide.cse.cuhk.edu.hk/student 2. The system will issue a receipt which also contains a declaration of honesty, which is the same as that in http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/policy/academichonesty/p09.htm . The declaration should be signed, and the receipt stapled to a hard copy of the assignment, which should be handed in during class by October 13 and December 1.
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