Course title A Critical Cultural History of China Modern China by pptfiles


									Course title: A Critical Cultural History of China: Modern China
Course code: CHE 3105/6002
Lesson: TUTO Wednesday 9:30pm-10:15pm
          LECT Wednesday 10:30am-12:15pm
Professor: John Lagerwey

This course will focus on the emergence of two modern Chinas, that of the gentry and that of
the people: 1) the re-emergence of Confucianism as ―this culture of ours‖, eventually leading
to the creation of lineage China in the 16th century; 2) the emergence of ―popular culture‖,
which includes a popular, increasingly state-supported pantheon of local gods, local festivals
built around these gods, and popular literature. Particular attention will be paid to parallel
transformations of the economy and of the legal system.

Lecture 1 September 8 ―Modern China‖
Tutorial reading : *Paul Jakov Smith, ―Introduction: Problematizing the
Song-Yuan-Ming Transition,‖ in Paul Jakov Smith and Richard von Glahn, eds. The
Song-Yuan-Ming Transition in Chinese History, pp. 1-34
John W. Dardess: ―Did the Mongols Matter? Territory, Power, and the Intelligentsia in
China from the Northern Song to the Early Ming,‖ pp. 111-134
Li Bozhong, ―Was There a ‗Fourteenth-Century Turning point‘? Population, Land,
Technology, and Farm Management,‖ pp. 135-175

Topic 1 Religion and Thought in the Song and Jin
Lecture 2 September 15 Religion in the Southern Song
Tutorial readings: *Valerie Hansen, ―The Granting of Titles,‖ in Hansen, Changing Gods in
Medieval China, 1127-1276, pp. 79-104
―Lay Choices,‖ pp. 29-47; ―Understanding the Gods,‖ pp. 48-78; ―The Rise of Regional
Cults,‖ pp. 128-59

Lecture 3 September 22 Daoism in the Song and Jin
Tutorial readings: *Edward Davis, ―Spirit Possession and the Grateful Dead: Daoist and
Buddhist Mortuary Ritual in the Song,‖ in Davis, Society and the Supernatural in Song
China, pp. 171-199
*Tao-chung Yao, ―Quanzhen—Complete Pefection,‖ in Livia Kohn, ed., Daoism
Handbook , pp. 567-593

Lecture 4 September 29 Buddhism in the Song
Tutorial readings: *Daniel Stevenson, ―Protocols of Power: Tz‘u-yun Tsun-shih (964-1032)
and T‘ien-t‘ai Lay Buddhist Ritual in the Sung,‖ in Peter Gregory and Daniel Getz, eds.,
Buddhism in the Sung, pp. 340-408
Ari Borrell, ―Ko-wu or Kung-an? Practice, Realization, and Teaching in the Thought of
Chang Chiu-ch‘eng,‖ pp. 62-108
  An asterisk* indicates required reading for all. A ll other items are addit ional suggested readings on
which students may also prepare oral reports on the day indicated. Unless ot herwise indicated, additional
readings come fro m the same book as the required text . The books fro m which the selected readings
come may also serve as the basis for a book report (see below, Course Requirements).
Lecture 5 October 6 Confucianism in the Song
Tutorial readings: *Peter Bol, ―Learning,‖ Neo-Confucianism in history, pp. 153-192
Hoyt Tillman, ―Confucianism Under the Chin and the Impact of Sung Confucian Tao -hsüeh,‖
in Hoyt Tillman and Stephen West, eds., China Under Jurchen Rule: Essays on Chin
Intellectual and Cultural History, pp. 71-114

Topic 2 Legal and Economic Culture (lectures by Professors Billy So and David Faure)
Lecture 6 October 13 Chinese Legal Tradition and Its Modern Predicament (Professor So)

Tutorial readings: *Chen, Albert HY. An Introduction to the legal system of the People’s
Republic of China, Chap 2 (pp.6-21).

Lecture 7 October 20 Supernatural Enforcement of Law (Professor So)
Tutorial readings: *Katz, Paul. Divine Justice: Religion and the Development of Chinese
Legal Culture, Introduction, chap 2 (pp.47-60)

Lecture 8 October 27 The emergence of the market economy in the Ming dynasty
(Professor Faure)
Tutorial readings: *Mark Elvin, The Pattern of the Chinese Past, chap 16 (pp 268-284);
*David Faure, China and Capitalism, chapter 3, pp. 27-44.
Richard von Glahn, Fountain of Fortune, Money and Monetary Policy in China,
1000-1700, chapter 4, pp. 113-133;

Topic 3 Religion and Society in Ming-Qing China
Lecture 9 November 3 Lineage Ideology and Rites
Tutorial readings: *Timothy Brook, ―Funerary Ritual and the Building of Lineages in
Late Imperial China,‖ Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 49 (1989), pp. 465-99.
Patricia Ebrey, ―Chu Hsi‘s Authorship of the Family Rituals,‖ in Ebrey, Confucianism and
Family Rituals in Imperial China: A Social History of Writing about Rites, pp.
Ebrey, ―The Orthodoxy of Chu Hsi‘s Family Rituals,‖ Confucianism and Family Rituals

Lecture 10 November 10 Lineage Society and the Gods
Tutorial readings: *David Faure, ―The Ordering of Community in Ritual Life,‖ in
Emperor and Ancestor: State and Lineage in South China, pp. 193-217
*Richard von Glahn, ―The Sociology of Religion in the Lake T‘ai-hu Basin,‖ in
Lagerwey, ed., Chinese Society and Religion, vol. 2, Taoism and Local Religion in
Modern China, pp. 773–815

Lecture 11 November 17 Confucian Ritualism
Tutorial readings: *Kai-wing Chow, ―Introduction,‖ The Rise of Confucian Ritualism in
Late Imperial China: Ethics, Classics, and Lineage Discourse, pp. 1-14
*―Ritualism and Gentry Culture: Women and Lineage,‖ pp. 204-222
―Ritualist Ethics and Textual Purism in the Kangxi Reign,‖ pp.44-70
Lecture 12 November 24 Daoist Exorcism and Popular Literature
Tutorial readings: *Mark Meulenbeld, ―Containment and Canonization: Capturing Demons
with Words,‖ in Civilized demons: Ming thunder gods from ritual to literature, pp. 266-317

Ursula-Angelika Cedzich, ―The Cult of the Wu-t‘ung/Wu-hsien in History and Fiction:
The Religious Roots of the Journey to the South,‖ in David Johnson, ed., Ritual and
Scripture in Chinese Popular Religion: Five Studies, pp. 137-218

Lecture 13 December 1 Popular Buddhism
Tutorial readings: *Barend ter Haar, ―The White Lotus Movement,‖ The White Lotus
Teachings in Chinese Religious History, pp. 64-113
―New Style White Lotus Teachings?‖ pp. 114-172

                                           Course Assessment

CHE 3105
1. 15-minute oral presentation of two tutorial readings: 20% each
 Students should prepare a one- or two-page handout or a powerpoint so as to make it
easier for fellow students to follow their presentation.
2. 2 take-home tests, to be handed in on October 13 and December 1: 30% each
The questions to be answered will be distributed two weeks in advance and will be based
entirely on the required readings: they are designed to test your understanding of these
3. Extra credit will be given for a book report, to be handed in on December 1.

CHE 6002
1. 15-minute oral presentation of two tutorial readings: 20% each
 Students should prepare a one- or two-page handout or a powerpoint so as to make it
easier for fellow students to follow their presentation.
2. Topical paper, take-home test, and book reports: 60%
 Students have a choice between writing three book reports or one book report and a paper on
subjects of their choice (a paper is the equivalent of two book reports). They may also do one
or both take-home tests, each of which counts as the equivalent of one book report. At least
one-third of this requirement must be fulfilled by October13. All re maining papers and
reports must be handed in by December 1. Please note that students may also chose to write
one paper and two reports. Deadlines are the same, meaning that one-third of the written
work must be handed in by October 13, the other two-thirds by December 1.

3. Extra credit will be given for any additional work (paper, report, test), to be handed in by
December 1.

Book reports and papers
The reports may be on any book on the reserve reading list. Any other books require prior
approval from the professor. By ―report‖ is meant not a critique but a thorough summary of
the contents of the selected book. Please note that this is a book report, not a report on an
article or on a chapter of a book.
Reports should be around 3000 words; a paper would be roughly double that amount.
Among the suggested topics for papers are: ancestor worship, popular religion,
Confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism for the period covered by the course. Students
should consult with the professor about giving their topic a more precise definition and

Course assignments: please follow the CUHK rules concerning submission:
1. Each student must upload a soft copy of each completed assignment to the
plagiarism detection engine CUPIDE, at the URL:
2. The system will issue a receipt which also contains a declaration of honesty, which
is the same as that in .
The declaration should be signed, and the receipt stapled to a hard copy of the
assignment, which should be handed in during class by October 13 and December 1.

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