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					                  HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Hamilton
QUARTERLY REVIEW
     MARCH 2003




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                                                                    HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Contents...
                                                                                                                          Page
Trends this quarter... .....................................................................................................3
Feature Article: Crowded Housing in New Zealand.....................................................6
Hamilton City in Brief ................................................................................................10
Population Census ......................................................................................................11
Population Estimates ..................................................................................................12
Population Projections ................................................................................................13
Births and Deaths ........................................................................................................14
External Migration ......................................................................................................15
Hospital Discharges ....................................................................................................16
Crime ..........................................................................................................................17
Education ....................................................................................................................18
Labour Force ...............................................................................................................19
Average Hourly Earnings ...........................................................................................20
Average Weekly Income .............................................................................................21
Full-Time Equivalents ................................................................................................22
Business Locations .....................................................................................................23
Economic Indicators ...................................................................................................24
Net GST Indicator .......................................................................................................25
Consumers Price Index ...............................................................................................26
Retail Trade ................................................................................................................27
Car Registrations ........................................................................................................28
Household Expenditure ..............................................................................................29
Residential Building Consents ....................................................................................30
Non-Residential Building Consents ...........................................................................31
Real Estate Sales .........................................................................................................32
Accommodation Survey .............................................................................................33
Technical Notes... .......................................................................................................34




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                                                    HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Trends this quarter...
        Population                         Births                                  Deaths
        Estimates
         30 June 2002                March 2003 quarter                      March 2003 quarter
          Hamilton City                 Hamilton City                           Hamilton City


            122,000                           484                                     155
        + 2.1% (+ 2,500)                 + 5.0% (+ 23)                           - 18.8% (- 36)

       from 30 June 2001            from March 2002 quarter                 from March 2002 quarter



  Permanent & Long-               Permanent & Long-                             Hospital
    Term Arrivals                  Term Departures                            Discharges
    March 2003 quarter              March 2003 quarter                   Year ended December 2001
       Hamilton City                   Hamilton City                            Hamilton City


             1,032                             522                                  29,938
         + 40% (+ 295)                    - 5.8% (- 32)                        + 12.9% (+ 3,427)

    from March 2002 quarter         from March 2002 quarter             from year ended December 2000



       Employment                    Unemployment                               Recorded
                                           Rate                                   Crime
     March 2003 quarter              March 2003 quarter                  Year ended December 2002
       Waikato Region                  Waikato Region                       Waikato Police District


            175,395                          5.5%                                    32,947
        + 4.4% (+ 7,327)           down 0.6 percentage points                    + 2.4% (+ 759)

    from March 2002 quarter         from March 2002 quarter             from year ended December 2001



       Education                      Education                                   Crime
   (Primary School)               (Secondary School)                       Resolution Rate
         July 2002                     March 2002                        Year ended December 2002
        Hamilton City                  Hamilton City                        Waikato Police District

      19.3 pupils per FTTE*          16.6 pupils per FTTE*                          42.3%
          - 2.8% (- 0.6)                 - 3.6% (- 0.6)                   down 2.2 percentage points

         from July 2001                from March 2001                  from year ended December 2001


* Full-time teacher equivalent.



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                                                 HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Trends this quarter continued…

   Average Hourly                 Average Weekly                        Consumers Price
      Earnings                        Income                                   Index
     February 2003                 June 2002 quarter                     March 2003 quarter
      Hamilton City                  Waikato Region                      Hamilton Urban Area


           $18.57                          $506                                   1100
      + 2.9% (+ $0.52)                + 14.0% (+ $62)                         + 2.7% (+ 29)

     from February 2002            from June 2001 quarter                from March 2002 quarter



      Full-Time                        Business                               Retail
     Equivalents                      Locations                                Sales
      February 2002                   February 2002                       March 2003 quarter
       Hamilton City                   Hamilton City                        Waikato Region


           53,920                           9,150                               $1,246.7m
      + 5.6% (+ 2,860)                 + 2.0% (+ 180)                       + 5.2% (+ $61.7m)

     from February 2001             from February 2001                   from March 2002 quarter



   Number of New               Floor Area of New                        Value of Non-
Residential Consents          Residential Consents                  Residential Consents
  Year ended March 2003         Year ended March 2003                 Year ended March 2003
        Hamilton City                 Hamilton City                         Hamilton City


            892                    166,613 square metres                          $71.6m
      + 31.6% (+ 214)         + 54.9% (+ 59,079 square metres)              - 40.3% (- $48.4m)

 from year ended March 2002     from year ended March 2002             from year ended March 2002




                                             4
                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Trends this quarter continued...

      Dwelling               Average Dwelling                                 Car
        Sales                   Sale Price                            Registrations
  March 2003 quarter          March 2003 quarter                      March 2003 quarter
  Waikato REINZ Region        Waikato REINZ Region                    Hamilton Postal District


          2,052                      $188,000                                   3,549
     + 27.1% (+ 437)            + 18.0% (+ $28,700)                        - 4.8% (- 177)

 from March 2002 quarter      from March 2002 quarter                 from March 2002 quarter



   Total Guest                Occupancy Rate                          Guest Arrivals
      Nights
  March 2003 quarter           March 2003 quarter                      March 2003 quarter
     Hamilton City                Hamilton City                           Hamilton City


         128,100                       47.1%                                   73,490
     + 8.2% (+ 9,670)        down 2.5 percentage points                   + 9.8% (+ 6,562)

 from March 2002 quarter      from March 2002 quarter                 from March 2002 quarter



         GST                          GST                                    Net
       Sales                     Purchases                                   GST
 December 2002 quarter        December 2002 quarter                  December 2002 quarter
     Waikato Region               Waikato Region                         Waikato Region


         $7,351.5m                    $5,328.6m                              $2,022.9m
    - 11.5% (- $956.6m)          - 15.4% (- $967.0m)                     + 0.5% (+ $10.5m)

from December 2001 quarter   from December 2001 quarter             from December 2001 quarter




                                          5
                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003



Feature Article: Crowded Housing in
New Zealand
Introduction
Statistics New Zealand will be publishing a major report on crowding at the end of
August 2003. This report examines the characteristics of crowded households,
studies how crowding has changed over time as well as exploring the geographical
distribution of crowding. In conjunction with the Wellington School of Medicine
there will also be a chapter on the associated health risks of crowding. The report will
be available free from the SNZ website
http://www.stats.govt.nz/domino/external/web/Prod_Serv.nsf/htmldocs/Housing.
Statistics New Zealand will also publish tables showing crowding at regional council,
territorial authority, and area unit level.


Crowding – the national picture
In 2001, 65,088 households (5.1 percent) of New Zealand households experienced
crowding problems (where households needed one or more extra bedrooms according
to the Canadian National Occupancy Standard1). In comparison, 3.5 percent of
households in Australia experienced crowding. This report has used the Canadian
standard to determine crowding as it is used by some government departments and
allows comparison with countries such as Australia.

Census information shows that crowding and occupancy rates have decreased over
time. In 1921, the Department of Statistics calculated that over 13 percent of
households were crowded (according to their much more stringent definition of more
than 1 ½ people per room.) In 2001, by the same definition less than one percent of
dwellings would be defined as crowded.2 Occupancy rates have declined from a peak
of 5.2 in 1886 to 2.7 in 2001.




1
    The standard is as follows:
      There should be no more than two people per bedroom.
      Parents or couples share a bedroom.
      Children under five years, either of same or opposite sex, may reasonably share a bedroom.
      Children under 18 years of the same sex may reasonably share a bedroom.
      A child aged five to 17 years should not share a bedroom with one under five of the opposite sex.
      Single adults 18 years and over and any unpaired children require a separate bedroom.
                                                          6
                                                                               HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003


Figure 1
New Zealand Occupancy Rate, 1867 – 2001

           Average Number of Usual Residents per Dwelling
    5.5


    5.0


    4.5


    4.0


    3.5


    3.0


    2.5


    2.0


    1.5


    1.0


    0.5


    0.0
          1867 1871 1874 1878 1881 1886 1891 1896 1901 1906 1911 1916 1921 1926 1931 1936 1941 1945 1951 1956 1961 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001

                                                                     Census Year



*No census taken in 1931 or 1941
1926-2001 Occupancy rate based on permanent private dwellings
1867-1921 Occupancy rate based on private dwellings
1867-1936 Excludes dwellings occupied only by Mäori people

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings, 1867-2001



Crowding as a localised issue
Although 5.1 percent of New Zealand households were crowded in 2001, in some
areas crowding was much higher (over a third of households in the most crowded
area units) creating a serious housing problem. A number of studies have linked
crowding with an increased rate of infectious disease transmission and psychological
stress.


In 2001, crowding was much more significant in the North Island than the South
Island and particularly concentrated around the Auckland, Northland and East Cape
areas. Auckland was the region with the highest percentage of crowded households
and Manukau City was the territorial authority that had the highest proportion of
crowded households. The Auckland region has had consistently high rates of
crowded housing over the fifteen years between 1986 and 2001.

2
 Although it is difficult to know how strictly comparable such measures are as definitions of dwellings have
changed since 1921.
                                                                           7
                                                           HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003



Figure 2: Crowding Quintiles by Territorial Authority




Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings, 2001.
Note: crowding quintiles correspond to:
Quintile 1 0-2.10 percent crowded
Quintile 2 2.11-3.10 percent crowded
Quintile 3 3.11-3.94 percent crowded
Quintile 4 3.95-6.00 percent crowded
Quintile 5 6.01-14.00 percent crowded




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                                                               HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003


A greater regional variation emerges when ethnicity is examined. Households with at
least one person of Pacific ethnicity experienced the most crowding proportionately
(27.0 percent).3 In 2001, households with European people had the smallest
proportion of crowding (3.0 percent) of all five ethnic groups in New Zealand but in
numeric terms experienced the most crowding, numbering 34,413 crowded
households in 2001.


The area units with the greatest number of crowded households are recognised as
among the most deprived areas in New Zealand.4 These area units generally have low
incomes, heavy reliance on government assistance and are in areas of relatively
expensive housing (in the Auckland region). All of the following area units were
located in Manukau City.


Figure 3: Characteristics of Area Units that were severely crowded, 2001
                                                    Percent of        Equivalised
                      Percent of                                                                    Median rent
                                   Percent of      Households          median
                      households                                                                         as
                                   households    Receiving Social     household     Median rent                   Occupancy
      Area Unit      requiring two                                                                  percentage
                                    with spare    Assistance or         income      for area unit                    rate
                     or more extra                                                                   of median
                                    bedrooms      Social Security      (Jensen
                       bedrooms                                                                       income
                                                     Benefits           scale)5

Harania North                21.5         30.6                 68.4      $28,752             $96           17.4          5.3
Ferguson                     20.4         30.8                 67.8      $23,802             $99           21.6          4.8
Clover Park                  18.6         34.1                 61.9      $33,363            $171           26.7          4.7
Otara West                   18.5         28.8                 67.1      $24,081             $96           20.7          4.6
Mangere Central              18.4         37.9                 65.0      $28,704            $147           26.6          4.8
Otara North                  18.2         35.4                 61.0      $25,041            $111           23.1          4.6
Flat Bush                    17.4         30.0                 61.9      $27,357            $150           28.5          4.7
Otara South                  16.7         32.1                 66.8      $24,588             $87           18.4          4.6
Viscount                     16.7         29.8                 64.3      $25,722             $93           18.8          4.6
Arahanga                     16.7         33.3                 67.5      $27,198             $84           16.1          4.7
Mascot                       16.7         35.5                 62.1      $32,058            $111           18.0          4.6
New Zealand                   1.2         73.1                 30.8      $34,689            $160           24.0          2.7

Source: Statistics New Zealand, 2001 Census of Population and Dwellings.


For more information
If you would like to know more about Housing Statistics, or have any questions,
please contact rosemary.goodyear@statistics.govt.nz




3
  It is impossible to assign ethnicity to a household as households may have usual residents from a variety of
ethnic groups. Therefore, the definition used here is a household with at least one person of a particular ethnic
group. As a result, households (and people in households) may be included more than once.
4
  The index combines nine census variables from the 2001 census that reflect aspects of material and social
deprivation. Clare Salmond, Peter Crampton, NZDEP2001 Index of Deprivation, Users Manual, Department of
Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences, August 2002, pp.5-6.
5
  The Jensen scale takes account of the number of adults and children in the household with an adjustment also
for the age of the children. New Zealand Now Incomes. SNZ (1999), 97-98.
                                                           9
                                                                HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Hamilton City in Brief

The People(1)                                                     Housing(1)
 3.1 percent of the New Zealand census usually                    61.1 percent of households own their
  resident population count                                         dwelling, below the national average of
 above average population density (1,250.8                         67.8 percent
  people per square kilometre compared with 14.1                   38.9 percent of households do not own
  nationally)                                                       their dwelling, above the national average
 median age of 30.8 years, lower than the                          of 32.2 percent
  national median age of 34.8 years                                the median weekly rent was $180, above
 19.1 percent identify with the Mäori ethnic                       the national median weekly rent of $160
  group, compared to 14.7 percent nationally


Industry(2)
 14.7 percent of full-time equivalents are in the                 12.5 percent are in property and business
  manufacturing industry                                            services
 a further 13.4 percent are employed in health                    8.9 percent are in education
  and community services                                           8.3 percent are employed in the
 12.9 percent are employed in retail trade                         construction industry




Tourism                                                           Local Government
     Waikato Museum of Art and History                            less than 0.1 percent of the total New
     National Agricultural Heritage Museum                         Zealand land area
     Hamilton Gardens                                             Hamilton City Council
     Hamilton Zoo                                                 West Ward
                                                                   East Ward
                                                                   South Ward


Urban Centre
     Hamilton Zone


(1)    Based on data from the 2001 Census of Population and Dwellings.
(2)    Based on Business Demography data as at February 2002.




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                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Population Census
                   Census Usually Resident Population Count
                                                  Hamilton City
                                                   As at March
              Population (000)
       140


       120


       100


        80


        60


        40


        20


         0
                     1986                   1991                     1996              2001
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Census of Population and Dwellings


The census usually resident population count for Hamilton City totalled 114,921 as at March
2001. At that time, Hamilton City contained 3.1 percent of the census usually resident
population of New Zealand. Since the 1996 Census, the population usually resident in the
city has increased by 6,495 people or 6.0 percent compared with a rise of 3.3 percent for the
New Zealand usually resident population during the same period. As at March 2001, there
were an estimated 1,250.8 people per square kilometre compared with the New Zealand
average of 14.1 people per square kilometre.

                   Census Usually Resident Population Count
                                                   As at March
                                                 Census Usually Resident               Population Change
Area                                                Population Count                      1996-2001
                                                                2001                 Number         Percent
Hamilton City                                                114,921                  6,495              6.0
North Shore City                                             184,821                 12,657              7.4
Waitakere City                                               168,750                 13,185              8.5
Auckland City                                                367,734                 21,966              6.4
Manukau City                                                 283,200                 28,923             11.4
Waikato District                                              39,855                    717              1.8
Waipa District                                                40,293                  1,440              3.7
Taupo District                                                31,521                    831              2.7
Wellington City                                              163,824                  6,105              3.9
Christchurch City                                            316,227                  7,200              2.3
Dunedin City                                                 114,342                 -3,801             -3.2
Waikato Region                                               357,726                  7,614              2.2
New Zealand                                                3,737,277                118,974              3.3
Note: All figures have been randomly rounded to base 3.



                                                           11
                                                               HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Population Estimates
               Estimated Annual Percentage Population Change
                                                   As at 30 June
          Population change (percent)                                   Hamilton City              New Zealand
  2.5




  2.0




  1.5




  1.0




  0.5




  0.0
                 1998                   1999                  2000                 2001                 2002


Source: Statistics New Zealand, Population Estimates


The estimated population of Hamilton City was 122,000 at 30 June 2002, an increase of
2,500 people since 30 June 2001. This represents an increase of 2.1 percent, compared with
a national increase of 1.5 percent over the same period.

                    Estimated Population Change 2001 - 2002
                                                   As at 30 June
                                                                                          Population Change
        (1)                                            Estimated Population
Area                                                                                         2001-2002
                                                  2001                  2002              Number        Percent
Hamilton City                                    119,500               122,000              2,500              2.1
North Shore City                                 194,200               198,900              4,700              2.4
Waitakere City                                   176,200               180,700              4,500              2.6
Auckland City                                    388,800               401,500             12,700              3.3
Manukau City                                     298,200               307,100              8,900              3.0
Waikato District                                  41,300                41,700                400              1.0
Waipa District                                    41,400                41,800                400              1.0
Taupo District                                    32,500                32,800                300              0.9
Wellington City                                  171,100               174,600              3,500              2.0
Christchurch City                                327,200               332,100              4,900              1.5
Dunedin City                                     119,300               120,300              1,000              0.8
Waikato Region                                   369,800               373,200              3,400              0.9
New Zealand                                    3,880,500             3,938,800             58,300              1.5
(1) Estimates for territorial authorities and regions are based on the 2001 boundaries.




                                                             12
                                                               HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Population Projections
                                Projected Resident Population
                                                 Hamilton City
                                               2001(base) – 2021
          Population (000)                                             High              Medium           Low
   180

   160

   140

   120

   100

    80

    60

    40

    20

       0
       2001                     2006                       2011                         2016                    2021

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Subnational Population Projections, 2001(Base) - 2021


According to the medium projection series, the resident population of Hamilton City is
projected to increase by around 30,500, from 119,500 in 2001 to 150,000 in 2021. This is a
26 percent increase and compares with a projected national increase of 16 percent during the
same period. In 2001 Hamilton City represented 3.1 percent of New Zealand‟s resident
population. In 2021 the city is projected to represent 3.3 percent of New Zealand‟s resident
population.

                      Projected Population Change 2001-2021
                                                   As at 30 June
                                                    Projected Population                        Change 2001-2021
Area
                                                   2001             2021                       Number       Percent
Hamilton City                                    119,500              150,000                   30,500             26
North Shore City                                 194,200              255,100                   60,900             31
Waitakere City                                   176,200              237,100                   60,900             35
Auckland City                                    388,800              530,600                  141,900             36
Manukau City                                     298,200              409,700                  111,500             37
Waikato District                                  41,300               44,200                    2,900              7
Waipa District                                    41,400               47,100                    5,600             14
Taupo District                                    32,500               35,100                    2,500              8
Wellington City                                  171,100              193,300                   22,100             13
Christchurch City                                327,200              358,800                   31,500             10
Dunedin City                                     119,300              124,400                    5,100              4
Waikato Region                                   369,800              409,700                   39,900             11
New Zealand                                    3,880,500            4,505,900                  625,400             16
Note: Derived figures are calculated using data of greater precision than published.




                                                            13
                                                             HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Births and Deaths
                                           Live Resident Births
                                                     Hamilton City
              Births
      600


      500


      400


      300


      200


      100


          0
               Mar-01      Jun-01 Sep-01 Dec-01 Mar-02               Jun-02   Sep-02 Dec-02 Mar-03
                                                          Quarter

The number of live resident births in Hamilton City increased between the December 2002
quarter and the March 2003 quarter to 484. For the year ended March 2003, a total of 1,808
live resident births were registered in the city compared with 1,865 for the previous March
year, a fall of 3.1 percent. The city registered 3.3 percent of all live resident births in New
Zealand during the year ended March 2003.

The number of resident deaths in Hamilton City totalled 155 during the March 2003 quarter.
For the year ended March 2003, a total of 710 resident deaths were registered in the city
compared with 731 for the previous March year, a fall of 2.9 percent.

                                                   Resident Deaths
                                                     Hamilton City
              Deaths
      250


      200


      150



      100


        50


          0
               Mar-01      Jun-01      Sep-01 Dec-01 Mar-02          Jun-02   Sep-02 Dec-02 Mar-03
                                                           Quarter
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Vital Statistics




                                                           14
                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




External Migration
               Permanent and Long-term Arrivals and Departures
                                                 Hamilton City
                                               Year Ended March
             Arrivals and Departures (000)                                  Arrivals         Departures
 3.0


 2.5


 2.0


 1.5


 1.0


 0.5


 0.0
               1998            1999              2000            2001            2002             2003
Source: Statistics New Zealand, External Migration


There were 2,738 permanent and long-term arrivals in Hamilton City during the year ended
March 2003, representing 2.8 percent of all immigrants who arrived in New Zealand during
that time. This was a 16.0 percent increase in arrivals to the city from the year ended March
2002. There was a national increase of 11.7 percent during the same period.

There were 1,824 permanent and long-term departures from Hamilton City during the year
ended March 2003. The arrival and departure of migrants during the year ended March 2003
resulted in a net increase of 914 people to the city.

                          Permanent and Long-term Migration
                                           Year Ended March 2003
       (1)
Area                                                 Arrivals              Departures            Net Migration
Hamilton City                                         2,738                  1,824                    914
North Shore City                                      5,387                  2,928                  2,459
Waitakere City                                        2,996                  1,773                  1,223
Auckland City                                        24,664                  9,544                 15,120
Manukau City                                          6,598                  3,788                  2,810
Waikato District                                        404                    299                    105
Waipa District                                          478                    478                      0
Taupo District                                          375                    342                     33
Wellington City                                       5,061                  3,566                  1,495
Christchurch City                                     8,012                  4,684                  3,328
Dunedin City                                          1,916                  1,483                    433
Waikato Region                                        5,041                  4,036                  1,005
New Zealand                                          98,666                 57,076                 41,590
(1) Territorial authorities have been grouped to approximate regions.




                                                          15
                                                                          HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




 Hospital Discharges
                Publicly Funded Hospital Discharges by Diagnosis(1)
                                                        Hamilton City
                                                  Year Ended December 2001
            Discharges (000)
       7


       6


       5


       4


       3


       2


       1


       0
              01     02    03     04     05    06     07    08     09     10    11     12    13   14   15   16   17   18
                                                                   Diagnosis

 Source: New Zealand Health Information Service

 There were 29,938 publicly funded hospital discharges of Hamilton City residents in the
 year ended 31 December 2001, compared with 26,511 discharges in the same period of the
 previous year. This represents 250.5 discharges per thousand resident population in 2001
 compared with 223.0 in 2000. Of the discharges in 2001, 11.8 percent were as a result of
 Complications of Pregnancy, Childbirth & the Puerperium while 9.0 percent were from
 Injury and Poisoning. This compares with discharges for New Zealand of 10.8 percent and
 9.9 percent respectively.

                Publicly Funded Hospital Discharges by Diagnosis(1)
                                                         Hamilton City
                                                    Year Ended 31 December
Diagnosis(1)                                                                                                  2000           2001
 01          Infectious & Parasitic Diseases                                                                   541            620
 02          Neoplasms                                                                                       1,758          1,688
 03          Endocrine, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases & Immunity Disorders                                334            442
 04          Diseases of Blood & Blood-Forming Organs                                                          245            209
 05          Mental Disorders                                                                                  851          1,101
 06          Diseases of the Nervous System & Sense Organs                                                   1,297          1,275
 07          Diseases of the Circulatory System                                                              1,989          1,980
 08          Diseases of the Respiratory System                                                              1,841          2,050
 09          Diseases of the Digestive System                                                                1,926          2,050
 10          Diseases of the Genitourinary System                                                            1,345          1,459
 11          Complications of Pregnancy, Childbirth & the Puerperium                                         3,240          3,540
 12          Diseases of the Skin & Subcutaneous Tissue                                                        614            596
 13          Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System and Connective Tissue                                      785            901
 14          Congenital Anomalies                                                                              217            253
 15          Certain Perinatal Conditions Originating in the Perinatal Period                                  734            706
 16          Symptoms, Signs & Ill-Defined Conditions                                                        2,053          2,534
 17          Injury and Poisoning                                                                            2,358          2,682
 18          Other                                                                                           4,383          5,852
             TOTAL                                                                                          26,511         29,938
 (1)       Refer to the technical notes for a description of the diagnosis classification.



                                                                        16
                                                         HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Crime
         Resolution Rate of Recorded Crime by Offence Type
                                         Year Ended December 2002
                          Offence type                         New Zealand          Waikato Police District

         Administrative


       Property Abuse


     Property Damage


            Dishonesty


  Drugs and Anti-Social


                Sexual


              Violence


                          0     10        20     30    40        50        60      70     80       90         100
                                                      Resolution rate (percent)

Source: New Zealand Police

During the year ended 31 December 2002 there were 32,947 crimes recorded in the Waikato
Police District, an increase of 759 or 2.4 percent from the previous year. Of the recorded
crimes in 2002, 60.6 percent were for dishonesty offences, 12.7 percent were for drugs and
anti-social behaviour and 8.9 percent were for violence offences. This compares with 58.8,
12.6 and 10.2 percent respectively for New Zealand. A total of 13,927 crimes were resolved
in the district in 2002, representing 42.3 percent of reported crimes. This represents a
decrease of 2.2 percentage points from the resolution rate of 44.5 percent in 2001.

                              Recorded and Resolved Crime
                                          Year Ended 31 December
                                                 Recorded Crime                      Resolved Crime
Police District
                                                2001        2002                   2001          2002
Northland                                       16,302      17,272                  8,976         8,910
North Shore / Waitakere                         37,583      39,710                 18,340       20,037
Auckland                                        57,622      59,621                 18,903       19,462
Counties / Manukau                              45,901      49,690                 16,812       16,696
Waikato                                         32,188      32,947                 14,314       13,927
Bay of Plenty                                   40,227      40,111                 16,614       17,686
Eastern                                         24,022      25,382                 11,072       12,404
Central                                         35,812      34,934                 16,782       15,433
Wellington                                      43,349      43,717                 19,589       20,092
Tasman                                          15,907      16,726                  7,429         8,331
Canterbury                                      48,909      49,270                 17,615       17,150
Southern                                        28,704      30,749                 12,561       14,337
New Zealand                                    426,526     440,129                179,007      184,465




                                                      17
                                                             HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Education
                     Average Number of Pupils per FTTE(1)(2)
                                    Hamilton City and New Zealand
                                                         Primary    Secondary   NZ Primary     NZ Secondary
       Average number of pupils per FTTE
  22



  20



  18



  16



  14



  12



  10
 0
                      2000                            2001                              2002
                                                      Year

Source: Ministry of Education


Primary schools in Hamilton City had 12,997 pupils according to July 2002 school rolls.
This was a 1.2 percent decrease from the previous year, compared with a national decrease
of 3.3 percent. There were 19.3 pupils for every full-time teacher equivalent (FTTE), a 2.8
percent decrease from the previous year. This pupil to teacher ratio compares with 18.9
nationally for 2002.

Based on March 2002 secondary school rolls, Hamilton City had 10,067 pupils at an average
of 16.6 pupils per FTTE. This was a 1.0 percent decrease in roll numbers from the year
2001, compared with a national increase of 1.1 percent. The pupil-teacher ratio is above the
national average of 16.1 secondary pupils per FTTE for 2002.

     School Rolls and Average Number of Pupils per FTTE(1)(2)
                                                  School Rolls                  Pupils per FTTE (Average)
Area
                                             Primary      Secondary               Primary       Secondary
Hamilton City                                 12,997             10,067               19.3              16.6
North Shore City                              20,309             14,449               20.4              18.6
Waitakere City                                21,132              9,485               19.9              17.8
Auckland City                                 36,460             26,789               19.5              17.6
Manukau City                                  40,284             19,183               20.0              17.7
Waikato District                               4,804              1,984               17.6              14.4
Waipa District                                 4,857              2,401               18.7              17.5
Taupo District                                 3,865              1,837               19.1              13.2
Wellington City                               14,905              9,413               19.1              16.4
Christchurch City                             30,780             20,851               19.6              17.0
Dunedin City                                  10,214              8,389               18.2              16.1
Waikato Region                                42,232             25,456               18.4              15.4
New Zealand                                  428,320            261,829               18.9              16.1
(1) Full-time teacher equivalent (FTTE).
(2) Statistics for primary schools are based on July rolls and for secondary schools on March rolls.
Note: Owing to rounding, individual figures do not always sum to the totals shown.



                                                        18
                                                                HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Labour Force
                               Unemployment Rate (Percent)
                                   Waikato Region and New Zealand
                                                                        Waikato Region             New Zealand
           Unemployment rate (percent)
      7



      6



      5



      4



     0
      3
      Mar-01       Jun-01      Sep-01       Dec-01        Mar-02         Jun-02      Sep-02      Dec-02          Mar-03
                                                         Quarter
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Household Labour Force Survey

The size of the Waikato regional labour force totalled 185,593 during the March 2003
quarter. The number of people employed increased by 7,327 or 4.4 percent from the March
2002 quarter, which was not statistically significant. Unemployment in the Waikato Region
totalled 10,198 during the March 2003 quarter. The unemployment rate for the region was
5.5 percent compared with 6.1 percent for the March 2002 quarter. The New Zealand
unemployment rate for the March 2003 quarter was 5.3 percent. These figures have not been
seasonally adjusted.

                               Unemployment Rate (Percent)
                                                March Quarter
Region                                                           2002             2003          2003 Ranking(1)
Northland                                                        10.5              9.6                 12
Auckland                                                          4.9              4.6                  4
Waikato                                                           6.1              5.5                  7
Bay of Plenty                                                     7.2              7.5                 11
Gisborne/Hawke's Bay                                              4.9              5.9                  8
Taranaki                                                          4.9              5.0                  6
Manawatu-Wanganui                                                 6.2              4.7                  5
Wellington                                                        5.8              6.3                 10
Nelson/Tasman/Marlborough/West Coast                              3.5              3.5                  2
Canterbury                                                        5.5              4.5                  3
Otago                                                             6.5              5.9                  8
Southland                                                         3.7              3.3                  1
New Zealand                                                       5.6              5.3
(1) 1 = lowest unemployment rate and 12 = highest unemployment rate.




                                                          19
                                                               HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Average Hourly Earnings
                                      Average Hourly Earnings ($)
                                        Hamilton City and New Zealand
                                                               Male     Female      NZ Male    NZ Female
        Average hourly earnings ($)
  22



  20




  18



  16



  14




  012
                May-2002                  Aug-2002                Nov-2002                Feb-2003
                                                      Period
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Quarterly Employment Survey

Hamilton City employees earned an average of $18.57 per hour in February 2003, $0.08 or
0.4 percent higher than in November 2002. This increase compares with a 0.1 percent
increase for the whole of New Zealand. In February 2003, males and females in Hamilton
City earned an hourly rate of $19.14 and $17.69 respectively, representing a decrease of 0.9
percent for males and an increase of 2.6 percent for females from November 2002.

                                      Average Hourly Earnings ($)
                                                 February 2003
                                                      Average Hourly Earnings ($)             Sample Error (%)
Area                                                    Male            Female                 Male     Female
Hamilton City                                                 19.14              17.69           6.2        3.8
North Shore City                                              20.47              17.88           5.2        4.8
Waitakere City                                                18.30              16.02           4.9        8.2
Auckland City                                                 23.53              19.19           3.3        2.4
Manukau City                                                  20.59              17.67           3.3        3.2
Waikato District                                              19.95              15.04           7.8       12.4
Waipa District                                                18.18              15.45           8.4       15.2
Taupo District                                                17.52              15.83           9.6        8.7
Wellington City                                               26.65              21.09           4.5        3.3
Christchurch City                                             20.17              17.18           4.7        2.5
Dunedin City                                                  19.26              17.80           5.1        3.9
Waikato Region                                                18.74              16.57           3.5        3.3
New Zealand                                                   20.61              17.45           1.1        0.9
Note: Territorial authorities and regions are based on the latest 2001 boundaries.
Average hourly earnings equals the gross total payout to all employees divided by the number of paid hours.




                                                          20
                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Average Weekly Income
                                Average Weekly Income ($)
                                   Waikato Region and New Zealand
                                            June Quarter
            Average weekly income ($)                               Waikato Region           New Zealand
     550




     500




     450




     400




     350




     300
     0
                  1998                1999                  2000               2001              2002

Source: Statistics New Zealand, New Zealand Income Survey


During the June 2002 quarter, people in the Waikato Region had an average weekly income
of $506 per week, 2.3 percent lower than the national average of $518 per week. Average
weekly income for people in the Waikato Region increased by 14.0 percent between the
June 2001 quarter and the June 2002 quarter.

                                Average Weekly Income ($)
                                                 June Quarter
                                                                                                 Percentage
Region                                                             2001               2002
                                                                                                  Change
Northland                                                           405               438            8.1
Auckland                                                            514               559            8.8
Waikato                                                             444               506           14.0
Bay of Plenty                                                       429               468            9.1
Gisborne/Hawke's Bay                                                436               474            8.7
Taranaki                                                            452               504           11.5
Manawatu-Wanganui                                                   428               467            9.1
Wellington                                                          547               597            9.1
Nelson/Tasman/Marlborough/West Coast                                437               482           10.3
Canterbury                                                          445               496           11.5
Otago                                                               401               432            7.7
Southland                                                           491               491            0.0
New Zealand                                                         474               518            9.3
Note: Average weekly income is related to cash only, pre-tax (gross) income (wherever possible) and does not
include any non-cash benefits. Income from interest and investments has been included from 2002.




                                                            21
                                                                   HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




 Full-Time Equivalents
       Full-time Equivalent Persons Engaged (FTEs) by Industry
                                                  Hamilton City
                                               As at February 2002
       Full-time equivalent persons engaged (000)
   9

   8

   7

   6

   5

   4

   3

   2

   1

   0
         A     B     C      D     E      F     G      H      I       J     K     L     M     N     O     P    Q
                                               Industry (ANZSIC 1-digit)
 Source: Statistics New Zealand, Business Demographic Statistics

 A total of 53,920 full-time equivalent persons engaged (FTEs) worked in Hamilton City as
 at February 2002. This represented 3.7 percent of total FTEs in New Zealand. The largest
 industry in terms of FTEs was the manufacturing industry, which employed 14.7 percent of
 all FTEs in the city. The health and community services industry employed a further 13.4
 percent of total FTEs in the city.

              Full-time Equivalent Persons Engaged by Industry
                                                  Hamilton City
                                               As at February 2002
Industry (ANZSIC 1-digit)                                                            FTEs          Percentage of
                                                                                                       Total
 A     Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing                                                 200               0.4
 B     Mining                                                                              9               0.0
 C     Manufacturing                                                                   7,940              14.7
 D     Electricity, Gas and Water Supply                                                 320               0.6
 E     Construction                                                                    4,460               8.3
 F     Wholesale Trade                                                                 3,820               7.1
 G     Retail Trade                                                                    6,930              12.9
 H     Accommodation, Cafes and Restaurants                                            2,090               3.9
 I     Transport and Storage                                                           1,190               2.2
 J     Communication Services                                                          1,630               3.0
 K     Finance and Insurance                                                           1,340               2.5
 L     Property and Business Services                                                  6,750              12.5
 M     Government Administration and Defence                                           2,070               3.8
 N     Education                                                                       4,800               8.9
 O     Health and Community Services                                                   7,220              13.4
 P     Cultural and Recreational Services                                              1,150               2.1
 Q     Personal and Other Services                                                     2,010               3.7
       TOTAL                                                                          53,920             100.0
 Note: Figures have been rounded, and discrepancies may occur between sums of component items and totals. All
 percentages and other derivations have been calculated using rounded figures.



                                                             22
                                                                  HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Business Locations
                               Business Locations by Industry
                                                 Hamilton City
                                              As at February 2002
             Business locations (000)
       3.0


       2.5


       2.0


       1.5


       1.0


       0.5


       0.0
              A     B     C     D      E     F     G     H        I    J     K    L     M     N     O    P     Q
                                                 Industry (ANZSIC 1-digit)
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Business Demographic Statistics

A total of 9,150 businesses were located within Hamilton City as at February 2002,
representing 3.0 percent of all the businesses in New Zealand. The principal industry within
Hamilton City was the property and business services industry, which accounted for 30.1
percent of all businesses within the city. The next most significant industry within the city
was the retail trade industry. See the previous page for the ANZSIC descriptions.

                                           Business Locations
                                              As at February 2002
                                                  Primary             Secondary          Tertiary            Total
Area
                                                 Sector(1)(2)           Sector            Sector
Hamilton City                                           62               1,793            7,295             9,150
North Shore City                                        59               3,737           14,691            18,487
Waitakere City                                          62               3,306            7,594            10,962
Auckland City                                          223               6,262           42,074            48,559
Manukau City                                           145               4,055           13,111            17,311
Waikato District                                       225                 513            1,569             2,307
Waipa District                                         169                 696            2,407             3,272
Taupo District                                         189                 565            2,107             2,861
Wellington City                                        127               2,018           16,595            18,740
Christchurch City                                      229               4,760           20,133            25,122
Dunedin City                                           266               1,194            6,034             7,494
Waikato Region                                       1,621               5,403           20,431            27,455
New Zealand                                         12,760              57,818          239,172           309,750
(1) Refer to the technical notes for a description of the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors.
(2) Excludes farming.




                                                             23
                                                                 HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Economic Indicators
                                     Sales and Purchases Indicators
                                                    Waikato Region
             $(million)                                                            Sales         Purchases
  9,000

  8,000

  7,000

  6,000

  5,000

  4,000

  3,000

  2,000

  1,000

        0
     Dec-00              Mar-01      Jun-01     Sep-01     Dec-01      Mar-02     Jun-02       Sep-02     Dec-02
                                                           Quarter

The total Goods and Services Tax (GST) sales in the Waikato Region for the December
2002 quarter was $7,351.5 million, representing a decrease of $956.6 million or 11.5 percent
from the same quarter of the previous year. This compares with a national increase of 2.0
percent. During the same period the total GST purchases decreased by $967.0 million or
15.4 percent to $5,328.6 million, compared with a 1.2 percent increase for New Zealand.

                                          Sales Indicator by Sector
                                                    Waikato Region
            $(million)                                    Primary Sector    Secondary Sector       Tertiary Sector
5,000

4,500

4,000

3,500

3,000

2,500

2,000

1,500

1,000

  500

    0
             Dec-00         Mar-01     Jun-01    Sep-01     Dec-01     Mar-02     Jun-02    Sep-02       Dec-02
                                                            Quarter
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Regional Economic Indicators

Note: Refer to the technical notes for a description of the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors.




                                                               24
                                                               HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Net GST Indicator
                                          Net GST Indicator
                                          December 2002 Quarter
            Auckland

           Wellington

         Canterbury

             Waikato

        Bay of Plenty

  Manawatu-Wanganui

               Otago

            Taranaki

        Hawke's Bay

           Northland

           Southland

              Nelson

        Marlborough

             Tasman

            Gisborne

          West Coast


                        0   5        10          15            20        25         30          35         40
                                                 Percentage of New Zealand

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Regional Economic Indicators

During the December 2002 quarter the total net GST (sales - purchases) in the Waikato
Region was $2,022.9 million. This represented 7.3 percent of the total net GST in New
Zealand. For the year ended December 2002 the total net GST in the Waikato Region
increased by $458.4 million or 6.0 percent from the previous year, compared with a 6.3
percent increase nationally during the same period.

                                Net GST Indicator $(million)
                                              December Quarter
Region                                      2000                           2001                        2002
Northland                                    558.1                          538.3                       559.7
Auckland                                   9,388.3                       10,268.1                    10,716.1
Waikato                                    1,856.4                        2,012.5                     2,022.9
Bay of Plenty                              1,052.6                        1,199.0                     1,231.3
Gisborne                                     146.5                          172.8                       165.8
Hawke's Bay                                  559.7                          604.0                       716.0
Taranaki                                   1,082.4                          886.2                       819.7
Manawatu-Wanganui                            928.2                          924.1                       942.8
Wellington                                 4,121.6                        4,180.7                     4,790.3
Tasman                                       141.4                          146.7                       175.7
Nelson                                       201.8                          201.4                       245.3
Marlborough                                  216.9                          189.3                       231.5
West Coast                                   139.6                          125.9                        97.2
Canterbury                                 2,688.4                        2,747.6                     2,917.3
Otago                                        799.5                          870.4                       903.3
Southland                                    409.2                          503.0                       366.9
New Zealand (1)                           25,358.4                       26,545.5                    27,761.6
(1) New Zealand includes businesses with no information for the industry and/or location.




                                                           25
                                                                         HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Consumers Price Index
                                        Annual Percentage Change in CPI
                                                        Hamilton Urban Area
                                                  From Same Quarter of Previous Year
           Change in CPI (percent)
    4



    3



    2



    1



    0
            Mar-01              Jun-01            Sep-01 Dec-01   Mar-02         Jun-02   Sep-02 Dec-02      Mar-03
                                                                  Quarter
Between the December 2002 quarter and the March 2003 quarter the Consumers Price Index
for the Hamilton Urban Area increased by 0.5 percent compared with a national increase of
0.4 percent. The Hamilton Urban Area experienced an annual rise of 2.7 percent in
consumer prices from the March 2002 quarter to the March 2003 quarter compared with a
national annual rise of 2.5 percent. Prices are surveyed within the main urban areas.

                   Annual Percentage Change in CPI by Urban Area
                                    From March 2002 Quarter to March 2003 Quarter
                               Urban Area
              Nelson
              Timaru

          Whangarei
          Invercargill

        Christchurch
            Dunedin
             Rotorua
           Tauranga

            Hamilton
     New Plymouth

        New Zealand
           Wellington
           Wanganui
    Napier-Hastings

            Auckland
   Palmerston North

                         0.0                0.5         1.0       1.5              2.0      2.5        3.0          3.5
                                                                             Percent

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Consumers Price Index




                                                                        26
                                                                 HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Retail Trade
                                         Value of Retail Sales
                                                  Waikato Region
             Retail sales $(million)
  1,400

  1,200

  1,000

      800

      600

      400

      200

        0
  0         Mar-01 Jun-01 Sep-01 Dec-01 Mar-02 Jun-02 Sep-02 Dec-02 Mar-03
                                                      Quarter

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Retail Trade Survey

Retail sales in the Waikato Region during the March 2003 quarter totalled $1,246.7 million,
up $61.7 million, or 5.2 percent from the March 2002 quarter. Nationally, actual retail sales
totalled $12,678.0 million, up 6.4 percent from the March 2002 quarter.

                                       Retail Sales by Region
                                                  March Quarter
                                             Retail Sales $(million)              Percentage       Sample Error
Region                                        2002            2003                 Change           (percent)(1)
Northland                                       408.0          421.8                    3.4             17.3
Auckland                                      3,844.8        4,110.3                    6.9              5.5
Waikato                                       1,185.0        1,246.7                    5.2             14.1
Bay of Plenty                                   751.0          786.3                    4.7             15.1
Gisborne                                        104.4          107.7                    3.2             26.5
Hawke's Bay                                     431.6          457.3                    5.9             21.8
Taranaki                                        285.9          323.1                   13.0             21.0
Manawatu-Wanganui                               612.0          633.0                    3.4             24.7
Wellington                                    1,328.2        1,413.9                    6.5             11.0
Tasman                                           98.8          116.3                   17.7             31.8
Nelson                                          165.4          187.3                   13.3             25.5
Marlborough                                     108.3          113.9                    5.2             28.3
West Coast                                       77.3           85.5                   10.6             36.4
Canterbury                                    1,645.0        1,711.7                    4.1             11.2
Otago                                           546.6          612.0                   12.0             13.3
Southland                                       323.1          351.1                    8.7             18.2
New Zealand                                  11,915.3       12,678.0                    6.4              3.0
(1) Sample error is for February 2003 (middle month of the quarter).
Note: These statistics are released with this caveat due to limitations in some of the data which is of a lower
standard than published figures Statistics New Zealand releases. The Retail Trade Survey sample is selected and
weighted at the storetype and major region (Auckland, Waikato, Wellington, Rest of the North Island, Canterbury
and Rest of the South Island) level. Data released below this design level is indicative only.



                                                                27
                                                             HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




  Car Registrations
                       New and Ex-Overseas Cars Registered
                                          Hamilton Postal District
           Registrations
  4,000

  3,500

  3,000

  2,500

  2,000

  1,500

  1,000

    500

       0
            Mar-01    Jun-01   Sep-01 Dec-01        Mar-02   Jun-02   Sep-02 Dec-02      Mar-03
                                                Quarter
Source: Land Transport Safety Authority

The total number of new and ex-overseas car registrations for the March 2003 quarter in the
Hamilton Postal District was 3,549 compared with 3,233 for the previous quarter, an
increase of 9.8 percent. The number of new and ex-overseas car registrations decreased by
177, or 4.8 percent compared with the same quarter the previous year.

       New and Ex-Overseas Cars Registered by Postal District
                                              March Quarter
Postal District                            2002                       2003                Percentage Change
Whangarei                                   1,053                      1,045                       -0.8
Auckland                                   21,937                     23,490                        7.1
Hamilton                                    3,726                      3,549                       -4.8
Thames                                        380                        430                       13.2
Tauranga                                    1,810                      1,979                        9.3
Rotorua                                       683                        853                       24.9
Gisborne                                      302                        360                       19.2
Napier                                      1,400                      1,436                        2.6
New Plymouth                                  983                        987                        0.4
Wanganui                                      403                        455                       12.9
Palmerston North                            1,741                      1,525                      -12.4
Masterton                                     258                        270                        4.7
Wellington                                  4,361                      4,778                        9.6
Nelson                                        806                        876                        8.7
Blenheim                                      307                        406                       32.2
Greymouth                                     198                        253                       27.8
Westport                                       57                         39                      -31.6
Christchurch                                6,302                      6,710                        6.5
Timaru                                        560                        643                       14.8
Oamaru                                        157                        183                       16.6
Dunedin                                     1,663                      1,877                       12.9
Invercargill                                  897                        827                       -7.8
New Zealand                                49,984                     52,971                        6.0


                                                         28
                                                                  HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Household Expenditure
        Annual Household Expenditure per Expenditure Group
                                       Hamilton City and New Zealand
                                          Year Ended June 2001
                             Expenditure Group                         Hamilton City              New Zealand


                      Food

                  Housing

    Household Operation

                   Apparel

                 Transport

             Other Goods

           Other Services

                             0                  5                10                 15             20             25
                                                                       Percent
Note: Expenditure for the apparel group is not available for New Zealand or South Island areas.


During the year ended June 2001, households in Hamilton City spent an estimated average
of $788.74 per week, 5.8 percent lower than the national average of $837.74 per week.
Expenditure on housing contributed most to household expenditure in the city. On average,
households in Hamilton City spent an estimated $171.09 per week on housing compared
with the national average of $194.83 per week.

                   Average Weekly Household Expenditure ($)
                                              Year Ended June 2001




                Source: Statistics New Zealand, Regional Household Expenditure Estimates


                                                               29
                                                            HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Residential Building Consents
                                  New Dwellings Authorised
                                                 Hamilton City
                                               Year Ended March
             Consents
   1,200


   1,000


     800


     600


     400


     200


        0
                 1998             1999              2000        2001           2002            2003

Source: Statistics New Zealand, Building Consents


During the year ended March 2003, a total of 892 new dwelling units worth $133.8 million
were authorised for construction within Hamilton City. This represented a rise of 31.6
percent in number and a rise of 53.8 percent in value from the previous year. Building
consents for new dwellings were issued for a total floor area of 166,613 square metres
during the year ended March 2003, an increase of 54.9 percent from the previous year. This
compares with a national increase of 31.4 percent.

                    Floor Area for New Dwellings Authorised
                                               Year Ended March
                                                        Floor Area (square metres)             Percentage
Area
                                                          2002                2003              Change
Hamilton City                                          107,534             166,613                 54.9
North Shore City                                       235,850             306,981                 30.2
Waitakere City                                         209,390             244,286                 16.7
Auckland City                                          401,991             550,904                 37.0
Manukau City                                           391,157             438,294                 12.1
Waikato District                                        53,139              48,258                 -9.2
Waipa District                                          49,231              60,105                 22.1
Taupo District                                          54,115              72,578                 34.1
Wellington City                                        153,931             176,347                 14.6
Christchurch City                                      272,908             407,828                 49.4
Dunedin City                                            35,071              45,546                 29.9
Waikato Region                                         394,343             501,631                 27.2
New Zealand                                          3,879,811           5,099,728                 31.4




                                                           30
                                                           HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Non-Residential Building Consents
          Value of Non-Residential Building Consents by Type
                                                Hamilton City
                                           Year Ended March 2003
                    Building Type
         Hostels
          Hotels
       Hospitals
       Education
          Social
          Shops
          Offices
   Warehouses
       Factories
          Farms
 Miscellaneous

                    0      2          4         6     8        10       12        14        16       18
                                                      $(million)
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Building Consents

There were 350 building consents issued for the construction and alteration of non-
residential buildings, a fall of 11.4 percent from the year ended March 2002, compared with
a 1.6 percent decrease nationally during the same period. The value of non-residential
building consents was $71.6 million, down 40.3 percent from the previous year.


                    Value of Non-Residential Building Consents
                                               Year Ended March
                                                          Value $(million)                    Percentage
Area
                                                       2002                 2003               Change
Hamilton City                                         120.0                 71.6                 -40.3
North Shore City                                      107.8                115.4                   7.1
Waitakere City                                          64.9                72.5                  11.7
Auckland City                                         482.9                429.0                 -11.2
Manukau City                                          200.1                286.9                  43.4
Waikato District                                        15.4                21.9                  42.2
Waipa District                                          19.7                24.8                  26.0
Taupo District                                          20.4                16.6                 -18.5
Wellington City                                       139.1                140.6                   1.1
Christchurch City                                     180.6                290.0                  60.6
Dunedin City                                            58.5                47.5                 -18.7
Waikato Region                                        261.6                195.9                 -25.1
New Zealand                                         2,557.4              2,629.3                   2.8




                                                          31
                                                                 HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Real Estate Sales
                         Average Sale Price for Dwellings ($)
                               Waikato REINZ Region and New Zealand
        Average dwelling sale price $(000)                           Waikato Region           New Zealand
  300



  250



  200



  150



  100



   50



    0
          Mar-01     Jun-01      Sep-01      Dec-01     Mar-02       Jun-02     Sep-02    Dec-02     Mar-03
                                                        Quarter

Source: Real Estate Institute of New Zealand Incorporated

Between the March 2002 quarter and the March 2003 quarter the number of dwelling sales
recorded by the Real Estate Institute of New Zealand (REINZ) for the Waikato REINZ
Region increased by 27.1 percent. Dwelling sales increased nationwide by 13.0 percent. The
average price for dwellings sold during the March 2003 quarter in the Waikato REINZ
Region was $188,000. This was lower than the national average sale price of $241,900.

                       Residential Dwelling and Section Sales
                                              March 2003 Quarter
                                              Number of Sales                       Average Sale Price(1) ($)
REINZ Region                              Sections     Dwellings(2)                 Sections     Dwellings(2)
Northland                                      163            681                    112,700        199,300
Auckland                                       580          9,659                    194,900        341,700
Waikato                                        282          2,052                     94,600        188,000
Bay of Plenty                                  246          2,055                    106,900        229,700
Gisborne                                         8            236                    105,200        141,800
Hawke's Bay                                     69          1,043                     91,700        169,100
Taranaki                                        59            656                     84,600        137,100
Manawatu-Wanganui                              107            617                    111,900        197,100
Wellington                                     182          3,317                     94,500        249,400
Nelson                                         101            487                    123,000        256,800
Marlborough / Kaikoura                         107            617                    111,900        197,100
Tasman                                          46            169                    179,500        246,700
West Coast                                      26            149                     29,900         93,000
Canterbury (3)                                 478          3,624                     95,500        182,800
Otago                                          325          1,814                    147,700        177,700
Southland                                       68            837                     67,400        100,400
New Zealand                                  2,806         28,530                    124,400        241,900
(1) Average Sale Price has been rounded to the nearest hundred dollars.
(2) Dwellings include Residential Investment Blocks.
(3) Canterbury does not include Kaikoura.


                                                            32
                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003




Accommodation Survey
                                              Guest Nights
                                                Hamilton City
           Guest nights (000)
   140

   120


   100

    80

    60

    40


    20

       0
           Mar-01     Jun-01      Sep-01     Dec-01      Mar-02      Jun-02    Sep-02     Dec-02      Mar-03
                                                         Quarter
Source: Statistics New Zealand, Accommodation Survey


The total number of guest nights in Hamilton City for the March 2003 quarter was 128,100
compared with 118,430 for the March 2002 quarter, an increase of 8.2 percent. The
occupancy rate at 47.1 percent was 2.5 percentage points lower than during the March 2002
quarter. The national occupancy rate during the March 2003 quarter was 46.9 percent
compared with 46.4 percent during the March 2002 quarter.

                                  Occupancy Rate (Percent)
                                                March Quarter
Area                                                   2002                   2003             Annual Change
Hamilton City                                          49.6                   47.1                  -2.5
North Shore City                                       56.4                   68.9                  12.5
Waitakere City                                         33.6                   35.2                   1.6
Auckland City                                          73.1                   74.4                   1.3
Manukau City                                           66.5                   70.5                   4.0
Waikato District                                       29.3                   30.1                   0.8
Waipa District                                         28.0                   31.6                   3.6
Taupo District                                         49.6                   49.2                  -0.4
Wellington City                                        75.3                   73.8                  -1.5
Christchurch City                                      72.7                   72.6                  -0.1
Dunedin City                                           65.4                   67.4                   2.0
Waikato Region                                         38.6                   39.3                   0.7
New Zealand                                            46.4                   46.9                   0.5
Note: Figures have been rounded. All derivations have been calculated using rounded figures.
The Accommodation Survey is funded by the Office of Tourism and Sport.
The survey data remains in whole and in part the property of Statistics New Zealand.




                                                          33
                                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003



                                           Technical Notes...
                                                                     specifically to a single regional council or territorial
About the Quarterly Regional Review                                  authority.
The Quarterly Regional Review assembles the latest
available information on the regions and territorial                 Geographical classifications are used to reference statistics
authorities of New Zealand. Most of the data is available at         to a location in New Zealand. There are different types of
regional council or territorial authority level. The term            area codes that can be assigned to statistics. They may
“regional” refers to all levels within the standard                  define an area as small as a city block, or as large as a
geographic classification, from meshblock to region and              regional council. Data sources that are coded to different
combinations thereof, plus point specific and non-standard           geographical classifications are difficult to compare,
areas for which official statistics may be available.                simply because the land areas involved may differ in both
                                                                     location and size.
The Quarterly Regional Review is available on
subscription from any Statistics New Zealand Information             2. Sample Design
Help Desk.
                                                                     To produce reliable statistics for subnational areas from
                                                                     surveys, the subject population must be covered
Data sources                                                         adequately. This means that the geographic coverage of the
                                                                     survey must be representative for each of the subnational
The following data sources have been used to produce the             areas, and the sample size large enough to enable the
Quarterly Regional Review:                                           calculation of estimates with reasonable sample errors.

  Census of Population and Dwellings
  Population Estimates                                            3. Modelled Regional Estimates
  Population Projections                                          There are data modelling methods available for producing
  Vital Statistics                                                regional statistics when the sample design is only suited to
5.  External Migration                                               producing national statistics. One such case where these
  Hospital Discharges (NZ Health Information Service)             methods have been applied is the Regional Household
  Crime (New Zealand Police)                                      Expenditure Estimates. Estimates are produced by
  Education (Ministry of Education)                               combining census data (which has total coverage, hence all
9.  Household Labour Force Survey                                    subnational areas are included) with Household Economic
10. Quarterly Employment Survey                                      Survey (HES) data. Estimates of spending on various
11. New Zealand Income Survey                                        goods and services are modelled using household
12. Business Demographic Statistics                                  characteristics and expenditure information collected in the
13. Regional Economic Indicators                                     HES. These models are applied to census data to produce
14. Consumers Price Index                                            regional estimates of household expenditure.
15. Retail Trade Survey
16. Car Registrations (Land Transport Safety Authority)
17. Regional Household Expenditure Estimates                         Subject Matter Notes
18. Building Consents                                                Note: Data in the Quarterly Regional Review has not been
19. Real Estate Sales (Real Estate Institute of New                  seasonally adjusted.
    Zealand Incorporated)
20. Accommodation Survey
21. Overseas Cargo Statistics                                        1. Census of Population and Dwellings
                                                                     The census figures presented in the Quarterly Regional
                                                                     Review are based on the census usually resident population
Producing regional statistics                                        count. These counts refer to those people who usually live
                                                                     in a given area and are present in New Zealand on census
1. Geographical Classifications                                      night. The count excludes visitors from overseas and
Geographical classifications use boundaries as at 2001. In           excludes residents who are temporarily or permanently
some cases, due to a number of factors, data may not relate          overseas on census night. For a subnational area the count
directly to a specific regional council or territorial               also excludes visitors from elsewhere in New Zealand
authority. Refer to the subject matter notes section for             (people who do not usually live in that area), but includes
further details. For example, the Consumers Price Index is           residents of that area who are temporarily elsewhere in
collected for urban areas only and Overseas Cargo                    New Zealand on census night (people who usually live in
Statistics are collected by port only. While these statistics        that area but are absent).
are indicators of regional trends, they do not relate


                                                                34
                                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003


Residents who are away from their usual address on census            Projection assumptions are formulated after analysis of
night are allocated to the area where they usually live and          short- and long-term historical trends, recent trends shown
form part of the census usually resident population count            in other countries, government policy, information
of that area. For example, if a person usually lives in              provided by local planners and any other relevant
Christchurch but was in Wellington on census night, they             information.
will be included in the census usually resident population
count for Christchurch.                                              The cohort component method has been used to derive the
                                                                     population projections. In this method the population at a
Census counts give a snapshot of the population and are              given date is calculated by updating the size of each age-
not adjusted for net census undercount and residents who             sex cohort in the base population for births, deaths and
are temporarily overseas. All census counts are randomly             migration within each age-sex cohort according to the
rounded to base 3.                                                   specified fertility, mortality and migration assumptions.

Population density is calculated by dividing the census              These population projections are based on assumptions
usually resident population count by land area. Land area            made about future fertility, mortality and migration
as defined for the Regional Quarterly Review is all land,            patterns of the population. Although the assumptions are
including offshore islands. It excludes areas of inland              carefully formulated to represent future trends, they are
water greater than 15 hectares (ie lakes, reservoirs and             subject to uncertainty. Therefore, the projections should be
ponds) as identified in the Landcover Database of New                used as guidelines rather than exact forecasts. They
Zealand (administered by Terralink, under the stewardship            provide an indication of the overall trend but do not
of the Ministry for the Environment).                                attempt to project specific annual variation.

                                                                     The projections do not take into account non-demographic
2. Population Estimates                                              factors (eg war, catastrophes) which may invalidate the
The estimated resident population of a given area is an              projections. Demographic trends are monitored regularly,
estimate of all people who usually live in that area at a            and when it is necessary the projections will be revised to
given date. It includes all residents of that area present in        reflect new trends and to maintain their relevance and
New Zealand and counted by the census (census usually                usefulness.
resident population count), residents who are temporarily
overseas (who are not included in the census), and an
adjustment for residents missed or counted more than once            4. Vital Statistics (Births and Deaths)
by the census (net census undercount). Visitors from                 Births and deaths are based on the resident population
overseas are excluded.                                               concept, replacing the de facto population concept that was
                                                                     used before 1991. The de facto population concept refers
For a subnational area the estimate excludes visitors from           to all vital events (births and deaths) registered in New
elsewhere in New Zealand (people who do not usually live             Zealand. However, the resident population concept
in that area), but includes residents of that area who are           excludes the births to, or deaths of, people who normally
temporarily elsewhere in New Zealand on census night                 live overseas.
(people who usually live in that area but are absent).
                                                                     Live births exclude late registrations under Section 14 of
The estimated resident population of an area in New                  the Births and Deaths Registration Act 1995. Section 14
Zealand at a given date after census also includes an                births are births, which were not registered in the ordinary
update for births, deaths and net migration of residents of          way, when the birth occurred. Such registrations can occur
that area during the period between census date and the              as late as the time of application for New Zealand
given date. Subnational population estimates are produced            Superannuation.
annually (reference date at 30 June).

                                                                     5. External Migration
3. Population Projections                                            External migration statistics are compiled from individual
The base population for the population projections is the            migration forms completed by passengers arriving in and
estimated resident population of each area at 30 June 2001.          departing from New Zealand, and forwarded to Statistics
The estimated resident population of each area at 30 June            New Zealand by the New Zealand Customs Service.
2001 is based on the 2001 census usually resident
population count updated for:                                        The various classes of arrivals and departures are:
 net census undercount                                               oveseas visitors
 residents temporarily overseas on census night                      New Zealand residents departing temporarily or
 births, deaths and net migration between census night                  returning after a short-term absence
     (6 March 2001) and 30 June 2001                                  long-term arrivals
 reconciliation with demographic estimates at ages 0-9               long-term departures.
     years.

                                                                35
                                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003
                                                                     healthy new-born babies are treated as admissions and are
In the preparation of migration statistics the classification        included in the data.
of passengers is primarily determined by individual
passenger responses on the arrival and departure cards to            The following gives a description of the diagnosis
the questions on intended length of stay/absence. If a               classification:
person's intention changes later, they will not be recorded          01 Infectious and Parasitic Diseases: Diseases such as
(eg a person may come to New Zealand with the declared                    tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, polio, pertussis, measles,
intention of settling permanently, but return overseas after              mumps, rubella, meningococcal infection and
a few months). Data users should recognise the limitations                chickenpox
inherent in the information supplied by travellers.                  02 Neoplasms: Cancers, both malignant and benign
                                                                     03 Endocrine, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases and
Long-term arrivals include visitors from overseas who                     Immunity Disorders: Disorders of the thyroid and
intend to stay in New Zealand for 12 months or more (or                   other endocrine glands, nutritional deficiencies and
permanently), plus New Zealand residents returning to                     other metabolic and immunity disorders. Diabetes
New Zealand after an absence of 12 months or more.                        mellitus is coded into this classification
Long-term departures include New Zealand residents                   04 Diseases of the Blood and Blood-Forming Organs:
departing from New Zealand for an intended period of 12                   Anaemias and other blood conditions and diseases
months or more (or permanently), plus visitors from                  05 Mental Disorders: Organic psychotic conditions,
overseas departing from New Zealand after a stay of 12                    psychoses, neurotic disorders and mental retardation
months or more. The difference between arrivals and                  06 Diseases of the Nervous System and Sense Organs:
departures is known as the net migration. External                        Various diseases affecting the nervous system (e.g.
migration data relate to the number of movements of                       epilepsy, meningitis), and the eyes (glaucoma,
travellers, rather than the number of travellers (ie the                  cataracts) and ears (glue ear)
multiple movements of individual people during a given               07 Diseases of the Circulatory System: Heart disease,
reference period are each counted separately).                            strokes, rheumatic fever and other conditions of the
                                                                          veins and arteries
                                                                     08 Diseases of the Respiratory System: Asthma,
6. Hospital Discharges                                                    tonsillitis, laryngitis, emphysema, pneumonia and
The New Zealand Health Information Service provides                       influenza and bronchitis
hospital discharge information. Data refer to patients               09 Diseases of the Digestive System: Ulcers,
discharged from day patient and inpatient care in publicly                appendicitis, hernias and other diseases of the
funded hospitals and publicly funded patients in private                  oesophagus, stomach and intestines
hospitals. Patient discharge details from psychiatric                10 Diseases of the Genitourinary System: Includes
hospitals and licensed rest homes are excluded.                           diseases of the genitals and urinary system
                                                                     11 Complications of Pregnancy, Childbirth and the
The number of hospital discharges referred to in the                      Puerperium: Conditions associated with pregnancy
Quarterly Regional Review includes patients who have                 12 Diseases of the Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue:
been re-admitted for the same condition and patients who                  Various skin conditions including celulitis and corns
have been transferred to other hospitals or residential              13 Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System and
institutions. Thus, there may be more than one discharge                  Connective Tissue: Arthritis, rheumatism
per immediate 'episode' of illness. Hence, the data do not           14 Congenital Anomalies: Inherited genetic conditions
represent counts of individuals. Discharge figures also                   including spina bifida
include any patients who die in hospital after formal                15 Certain Perinatal Conditions Originating in the
admission.                                                                Perinatal Period: Conditions affecting babies that
                                                                          originate in the latter stages of the pregnancy or the
Figures presented in the Quarterly Regional Review reflect                first month of life
the National Minimum Dataset (NMDS) at one point in                  16 Symptoms, Signs, and Ill-Defined Conditions: General
time. Data in the NMDS is subject to small changes over                   information where no specifics are able to code better.
time as late reports about patient discharges are received.               In death data, most Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
Hospitals are required to report the number of discharges                 (SIDs) deaths are coded into this category
within 30 days of the end of each month, however they can            17 Injury and Poisoning: All injuries and poisonings,
make revisions to these at any time. Therefore all                        including fractures, open wounds, superficial injuries,
discharges data should be treated as provisional.                         contusions, burns. Poisonings
                                                                     18 Other: Factors influencing health status and contact
Information is received on the primary diagnosis (principal               with health services. This includes liveborn infants
condition for which the patient was admitted to hospital)                 and people who are admitted for reasons such as
and usual address of patients discharged. The primary                     exposure to communicable diseases without knowing
diagnosis is classified according to the Australian Version               whether they‟ve been infected.
of the International Classification of Diseases and also the
Australian National Coding Standards. All



                                                                36
                                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003
                                                                     Offence categories include the following classifications:
From the December 2000 quarter onwards, data are based                Violence: homicide, kidnapping and abduction,
on an updated diagnosis classification. This classification             robbery, grievous assaults, serious assaults,
includes a number of discharge categories that were not                 intimidation and threats and other offences against
previously included. As a result, there will be an increase             persons
in the number of discharges when compared with issues of              Sexual: sexual attacks, sexual affronts, abnormal
the Quarterly Regional Review prior to the December                     behaviour, immoral behaviour and indecent video.
2000 quarter.                                                         Drugs and Anti Social: drugs, gaming, disorder,
                                                                        vagrancy, family offences and liquor
                                                                      Dishonesty: burglary, car conversion, theft, receiving
7. Crime
                                                                        and fraud
The New Zealand Police provide crime data. The data                   Property Damage: destruction of property and
have two aspects: firstly the incidence of criminal offences            endangering
that are „recorded‟ by the Police; and secondly the number            Property Abuse: trespass, littering, animals, postal rail
of offences that have been „resolved‟. When an offence is               and fire and firearms offences
first entered into the system it becomes a 'recorded                  Administrative: against justice, births deaths and
offence'. This excludes events which, after investigation by            marriages, immigration, racial, against national interest
police, are determined not to have involved any actual                  and by laws.
offence (known as 'no offence disclosed'). Also included in
this category are offences where complainants withdrew               The Quarterly Regional Review presents annual crime
their complaints or charges and offences where there was             data, aggregated to the 12 police districts in New Zealand.
insufficient evidence for Police to proceed further with the         These districts are: Northland, North Shore/Waitakere,
case or to charge an offender.                                       Auckland, Counties/Manukau, Waikato, Bay of Plenty,
                                                                     Eastern, Central, Wellington, Tasman, Canterbury and
When an offender has been apprehended and a decision                 Southern.
taken on police action in respect of the offences for which
that offender is responsible, those offences are counted as          The data refer to the police district in which the crime was
'resolved'.                                                          committed, not the police district in which the crime was
                                                                     reported or resolved. More information on what areas are
Police crime statistics are affected by variations in actual         covered by Police Districts is available from Statistics New
offending, by changes in reporting by victims and                    Zealand.
complainants, by the deployment of Police resources and
by Police policies and recording practices. Police statistics
on recorded crime represent snapshots of Police business,            8. Education
in the context of offending, taken at stipulated times for           The Ministry of Education provides education data.
purposes of direct comparability of the statistical                  Average number of pupils per full-time teacher equivalent
information over time.                                               (FTTE) is calculated by dividing the number of pupils
                                                                     (according to school rolls) by the number of FTTEs. The
The source information for the official statistics is dynamic
                                                                     calculation for FTTEs is the total number of class contact
and subject to change. This means that the statistical
                                                                     hours, divided by 25, and rounded to two decimal places.
snapshots inevitably under-report information to some
                                                                     Averages for primary schools are based on July rolls and
degree, especially resolutions of recorded offences.
                                                                     averages for secondary schools are based on March rolls.
Despite these differences, the trends and patterns recorded
in the data are consistent.
                                                                     Primary schools include:
Police crime statistics refer to the number of offences, not           full primary schools offering education to children up
the number of individuals committing the offences. Hence,                to Year 8
the data do not refer to distinct individuals. Data are                contributing schools offering education to students up
collected in relation to recorded offences, of which many                to the intermediate level of schooling (Year 1-6)
involve multiple charges or multiple offenders.                        intermediate schools offering education to Year 7 and
                                                                         8 students.
Offences can relate to:
 an offender apprehended on one occasion in relation to             Secondary schools include:
   multiple offences                                                  secondary from Year 7-15
 an offender apprehended more than once in the 12                    secondary from Year 9-15
   month reporting period. This offender will appear in               composite schools offering education to students at
   the statistics multiple times                                        both the primary and secondary levels (Year 1-15)
 one event or a single recorded offence which may be                 restricted composite from Year 7-10
   resolved by apprehending multiple offenders.




                                                                37
                                                                                HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003
                                                                      from one survey quarter to the next improves the reliability
Primary school statistics should include Year 1-8 and                 of quarterly estimates of labour force changes.
secondary school statistics, Year 9-15. However the
following institution types overlap across these two                  Two types of error are possible in estimates based on a
categories; secondary from Year 7-15, composite and                   sample survey: sampling error and non-sampling error.
restricted composite. For the purpose of the Quarterly                Sampling error is a measure of the variability that occurs
Regional Review these three institution types have been               by chance because a sample rather than an entire
included in the secondary school category. Therefore                  population is surveyed. In general, the sampling errors
school rolls for secondary schools will in reality be lower           associated with subnational estimates are larger than those
than reported and rolls for primary school will be higher             associated with national estimates. A change in an estimate
than reported.                                                        (either between adjacent quarters or between quarters a
                                                                      year apart) is said to be statistically significant if it is larger
Special schools and correspondence schools have been                  than the associated sampling error.
excluded because it is difficult to classify these institution
types as either primary or secondary.                                 Non-sampling errors include errors arising from biases in
                                                                      the patterns of response and non-response, inaccuracies in
The year of schooling (ie Year 8) measures the number of              reporting by respondents, and errors in the recording and
years of schooling a student has received and provides the            coding of data. Statistics New Zealand endeavours to
Ministry of Education with a method of counting students              minimise the impact of these errors through the application
for funding and staffing purposes. School rolls are a                 of best survey practises and monitoring of known
                                                                      indicators (eg non-response).
headcount of all students enrolled at either 1 March or 1
July and therefore may include part-time students.
                                                                      10. Quarterly Employment Survey
FTTEs are not available for all schools therefore results
                                                                      Quarterly Employment Survey (QES) statistics are derived
are estimates only.
                                                                      quarterly from approximately 19,500 surveyed business
                                                                      locations in a range of industries and regions throughout
9. Household Labour Force Survey                                      New Zealand. Information relates to the payweek ending
                                                                      on, or immediately before, the 20th of the middle month of
The target population for the Household Labour Force
                                                                      the quarter (that is February, May, August and November).
Survey (HLFS) is the civilian usually resident non-
institutionalised population aged 15 years and over. This
                                                                      Each February, a larger (analytical) sample of
means that the HLFS does not cover long-term residents of
                                                                      approximately 47,500 businesses is surveyed. Information
homes for the elderly, hospitals and psychiatric
                                                                      from this survey is available for a more detailed regional
institutions; inmates of penal institutions; members of the
                                                                      breakdown.
permanent armed forces; members of the non-New Zealand
armed forces; overseas diplomats; overseas visitors who
                                                                      The QES is a panel survey. That is, all businesses are
expect to be resident in New Zealand for less than 12
                                                                      surveyed in each quarter, from when they are introduced to
months, and those aged under 15 years of age.
                                                                      the sample until they cease or stop employing staff. In each
                                                                      quarter, a sample of new businesses and businesses that
Non-private dwellings have been excluded from the sample
                                                                      come into the scope of the survey are introduced.
survey. In addition, New Zealand residents living on
offshore islands (except for Waiheke Island), and those
                                                                      The survey population is all business locations in surveyed
temporarily overseas are not surveyed.
                                                                      industries that employ staff.
The survey population is therefore slightly different from
                                                                      The following industries are excluded from coverage:
the target population. Estimates are therefore based on an
assumption that the distribution of characteristics of those           Agriculture
in non-private dwellings is similar to those in private                Services to Agriculture
dwellings.                                                             Commercial Fishing
                                                                       International Sea Transport
The sample comprises slightly more than 15,000 private                 Residential Property Operators
households, sampled on a statistically representative basis            Private Households Employing Staff
from rural and urban areas throughout New Zealand.                     Non-civilian Defence Staff
Information is obtained for each member of a sampled                   Foreign Government Representation.
household who falls within the scope of the survey and
who meets survey coverage rules. Typically, data is                   In August 1999, Statistics New Zealand introduced a
obtained for around 30,000 individuals in each quarter.               number of improvements to the QES. These improvements
                                                                      include: the introduction of a new
One-eighth of sample households are rotated out of the
survey each quarter and replaced by a new sample of
households. The overlap of seven-eighths of the sample

                                                                 38
                                                                                HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003
                                                                       data. Non-sample error is by definition difficult to
processing system, improvements to the sample design,                  measure.
and improvements in the survey's coverage.
                                                                       A change in an estimate (either between adjacent quarters
From the May 2001 quarter (inclusive), the QES results                 or between quarters a year apart) is said to be statistically
contain a modelled component that improves the coverage                significant if it is larger than the sampling error associated
of existing businesses that start employing staff. The                 with that change.
results from February 2000 quarter to February 2001
quarter have been revised to incorporate this improvement.             It is sometimes said that QES average earnings seem high,
                                                                       being boosted by those employees with very high earnings,
It should be noted that these improvements did not address             and that median earnings measures would be more
some key limitations inherent in the survey's conceptual               appropriate. QES average hourly earnings are calculated
underpinnings. In particular, the QES average hourly                   by dividing the total earnings of employees in all surveyed
earnings statistic does not provide a reliable measure of              businesses by the total number of hours they are paid for.
wage inflation. Average hourly earnings statistics are                 A median earnings estimate would be calculated by
influenced, not only by changes in employees'                          ranking the earnings of individual employees in order from
remuneration, wage rates, salaries and paid hours, but also            lowest to highest, and taking the middle one. However, it is
by changes in the composition of the paid work force from              not possible to calculate median earnings from data
survey to survey.                                                      collected by the QES.

Compositional changes which may affect movements in
                                                                       Statistics for some areas come with a warning about one or
average earnings statistics and changes in weighted
                                                                       more of the following:
contributions include changes in the relative numbers of
                                                                        area has a small sample size
employees and their paid hours. These changes occur
between: males and females, full-timers and part-timers,                area sample includes a large number of full coverage
different industries or within industries, and between                      units
different sectors or within sectors.                                    area has a high level of apportionment (see
                                                                            explanation below).
This means that the QES does not provide a good measure
of pure wage inflation, as it is not possible to isolate shifts        Industry, and particularly regional, estimates from the QES
in numbers of employees and paid hours from pure wage                  are affected by apportioning. Apportioning occurs where
increases.                                                             businesses that have many physical locations are unable to
                                                                       supply us with payroll data for each of those physical
The QES collects total payout information for each                     locations. We then 'apportion' their lump sum of payroll
business in the survey. An increase (or decrease) in total             data over each physical location according to the number
payout does not necessarily indicate that there has been an            of people working in each location. Apportioning assumes
increase (or decrease) in wages. Total payout for a firm               people in different physical locations receive, on average,
could have increased because: more people were                         the same remuneration when in reality this may not be the
employed, more hours were worked, more qualified people                case.
were employed, or more full-time workers were employed,
etc. Survey respondents are not asked to explain changes in            11. New Zealand Income Survey
total payout from period to period, therefore there is no
way to isolate a pure wage increase.                                   The New Zealand Income Survey is run annually as a
                                                                       supplement to the Household Labour Force Survey during
Two types of error are possible in estimates based on a                the June quarter. It was run for the first time in the June
sample survey: sampling error and non-sampling error                   1997 quarter.
apply to QES estimates.
                                                                       The New Zealand Income Survey is asked of all
Estimates of change from one quarter to another are                    respondents to the Household Labour Force Survey. Data
subject to sampling error. Sampling error is a measure of              from proxies were accepted in the Survey only if people
variability that occurs by chance because a sample of all              were unable to answer the Survey on health or language
eligible businesses, rather than an entire population, is              grounds.
surveyed. The magnitude of the sampling error is
controlled by the size of the sample and the use of                    Average weekly income is related to the respondent‟s most
statistically sound selection techniques.                              recent pay period. The data collected are cash only, pre-
                                                                       tax (gross) income (wherever possible) and do not include
Non-sampling error is applicable to all quarters and                   any non-cash fringe benefits. Interest and investment
includes errors arising from biases in the patterns of                 income has only been collected from 2002. It is important
response and non-response, inaccuracies in reporting by                to note, therefore, that average weekly income may not
respondents, and errors in the recording and coding of                 represent entire income.



                                                                  39
                                                                             HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003
                                                                    or service entity operating in New Zealand. It can be a
The HLFS sample comprises approximately 15,000 private              company, partnership, trust, estate, incorporated society,
households, sampled on a statistically representative basis
from rural and urban areas throughout New Zealand. The              producer board, local or central government organisation,
final New Zealand Income Survey dataset consists of                 voluntary organisation or self-employed individual.
approximately 24,000 valid person records and 4,000
imputed person records. All data in the Quarterly Regional
                                                                    Businesses Covered
Review is for the non-institutionalised usually resident New
Zealand civilian population aged 15 years and over.                 The population for the Business Demographic Statistics
                                                                    includes only businesses that are economically significant.
Two types of error are possible in estimates based on a
sample survey: sampling error and non-sampling error.               A business is said to be economically significant if it meets
Sampling error is a measure of the variability that occurs          one or more of the following criteria:
by chance because a sample rather than an entire                     greater than $30,000 annual GST expenses or sales
population is surveyed. Sampling errors are available on             more than two full-time equivalent paid employees
request.                                                             in a GST exempt industry (except for residential
                                                                        property leasing and rental)
Non-sampling errors include errors arising from biases in            part of a group of enterprises
the patterns of response and non-response, inaccuracies in           registered for GST and involved in agriculture or
reporting by respondents, and errors in the recording and               forestry.
coding of data. Non-sampling errors are not quantified.
                                                                    All GST registered enterprises recorded on the Inland
12. Business Demographic Statistics                                 Revenue Department (IRD) client registration file are
                                                                    continually monitored to determine if they meet the
Full-time equivalent persons engaged (FTEs) and number              'economic significance' requirements for 'birth' onto the
of business locations are derived from the Statistics New           Business Frame. A buffer zone of $25,000 to $35,000 has
Zealand Business Frame. The Business Frame is a database            been established to prevent enterprises switching
of New Zealand businesses and their structure. It                   excessively between 'economically significant' and
records details such as name, location, predominant type of         'economically insignificant'. For example, an economically
industrial activity performed, employment levels, and the           significant enterprise whose annual GST turnover drops to
degree of overseas ownership.                                       $27,000 would not be reclassified as economically
                                                                    insignificant, but one whose annual GST turnover drops to
Businesses are identified from the Goods and Services Tax           $23,000 would be reclassified. All non-trading and
(GST) registrations supplied by the Inland Revenue                  dormant companies are excluded from these statistics.
Department. For those businesses providing financial
services and deemed to be providing 'exempt supplies'
under the Goods and Services Tax Act 1985, the sources              Business Birthing Practice for New Units
used are:                                                           In June 2000, Statistics New Zealand introduced a new
 association lists                                                 practice that changed the method used for adding or
 financial reports                                                 'birthing' units onto the Business Frame. The new practice
 list of superannuation/pension schemes from the                   when a unit without employees registers for GST, is to wait
     Government Actuary.                                            until the unit's first GST return is filed and then add the
                                                                    unit to the Business Frame if the unit's return has
The Annual Business Frame Update Survey (AFUS) is                   annualised turnover greater than $30,000. The old birthing
conducted in mid-February each year to update the records           practice was to automatically birth all units that were
on the Business Frame. All full-time equivalent data have           special, compulsory or forced registrations. These would
been rounded. Percentages are calculated from rounded
                                                                    then be removed from the frame if the unit did not record
figures.
                                                                    over $30,000 turnover in their GST returns at a later date.
FTEs are derived as the total number of full-time
                                                                    The new birthing practice delays the birthing of new units
employees and working proprietors plus half the number of
                                                                    onto the frame by up to six months. When it was
part-time employees and working proprietors. Employees
                                                                    introduced it caused a fall in of the number of enterprises
and working proprietors working 30 hours or more per
                                                                    in the smallest size category (0–5 full time equivalent
week are defined as full-time. Those working less than 30
hours per week are defined as part-time.                            persons engaged) for the business demography data publis
                                                                    hed for 2001 and caused a discontinuity in the business
Each separate operating unit engaged in New Zealand in              demography time series. A method has since been
one, or predominantly one, kind of economic activity from           developed to remove this discontinuity. A revised series
a single physical location or base is known as a business           for the years 1997 to 2002 is now available, the
location (or geographic unit). An enterprise is a business



                                                               40
                                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003
                                                                     statistical uncertainty. These variations may result, for
Business Demographic Statistics in this release as based on          example, from uncertainty introduced during non-response
this method.                                                         imputation, or from reporting difficulties for respondents,
                                                                     or mistakes made during processing survey results.
The change in birthing practice means that valid
comparisons cannot be made between 2001 and previous                 Statistics New Zealand adopts procedures to detect and
year's data. It is still valid to use the 2001 Business              minimise avoidable variation and eliminate mistakes, but
Demographic data for cross sectional analysis that does not          they may still occur and they are not quantifiable. At
involve comparing 2001 data to previous years.                       higher levels of aggregation, much of the individual
                                                                     variability often cancels out. Business Demography
                                                                     Statistics have been validated at an aggregate level by
Industry Coverage
                                                                     industry, institutional sector and region to identify any
Since 1997, the selection criteria and standard published            remaining detectable errors and uncertainty, and these are
industry categories for the Business Demographic Statistics          corrected or re-estimated, where possible. The statistics
have been based on the Australian and New Zealand                    that have been supplied may be at a finer level of detail
Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC).                         than these checking procedures apply to. Accordingly,
                                                                     such statistics are released with a caveat because they are
A geographic unit is assigned to an ANZSIC category                  of a lower standard than the official statistics the Statistics
according to the predominant activity that it performs.              New Zealand releases. This data may be subject to revision
Where a geographic unit predominantly provides services              in the future.
to other geographic units in the same enterprise or group of
enterprises, it will be assigned an ancillary ANZSIC.                All employment data have been rounded. The sum of
                                                                     components in a table may therefore not add to the total
The ancillary ANZSIC indicates the predominant industrial            shown. Percentages are calculated from the rounded
activity of the units to which the services are provided. For        figures.
example, an office serving several factory units would have
a primary industry reflecting the administration activity,           There are a numbers of limitations with the Business
while the ancillary industry would reflect the factory               Demographic Statistics. These limitations include non-
activity. The Business Demographic Statistics in the                 coverage of 'small' enterprises that fall below the $30,000
Quarterly Regional Review use the ancillary industry                 turnover threshold, lags in recording businesses that have
where one exists and the primary industry otherwise.                 ceased trading or their activity has dropped below the
                                                                     $30,000 threshold, and difficulties in maintaining
The coverage of the Business Demographic Statistics has              industrial and business classifications for smaller firms.
changed in recent years, as more industries have been
included in the population. Historically, most of these              An enterprise that is outside the population scope for any
industries have been excluded because they contained a               of Statistics New Zealand's postal surveys is ceased on the
large proportion of enterprises that were not registered for         Business Frame once it deregisters for GST or files 12-
GST, or a large proportion of enterprises that fell below
                                                                     months of consecutive zero GST-returns. Enterprises that
the threshold of economic significance.
                                                                     are not part of a group of enterprises and have no paid
                                                                     employees are not covered by the postal survey. These
The statistics presented in this release use the 1997
                                                                     enterprises do not currently have their industry and
industry coverage, which excludes agriculture production
                                                                     business classifications updated. Company restructures and
(ANZSIC subdivision A01).
                                                                     changes of ownership can result in a new GST registration
                                                                     being filed, even though it pertains to an existing business.
The primary sector includes 'Agriculture, Forestry and
Fishing' and 'Mining' industries. The secondary sector               GST registrations are birthed onto Statistics New Zealand's
includes 'Manufacturing', 'Electricity, Gas and Water                Business Frame, and the business is given a new reference
Supply' and 'Construction' industries. The tertiary sector           number.
includes 'Wholesale Trade', 'Retail Trade',
'Accommodation, Cafes and Restaurants', 'Transport and               Births and deaths of businesses are identified by matching
Storage', 'Communication Services', 'Finance and                     the business reference numbers for one year with those of
Insurance', 'Education', 'Property and Business Services',           the previous year. Our counts of births and deaths therefore
'Government Administration and Defence', 'Health and                 include these administrative changes as well as genuine
Community Services', 'Cultural and Recreational Services'            business start-ups and closures.
and 'Personal and Other Services' industries.
                                                                     13. Regional Economic Indicators
Data Quality                                                         (Experimental)
All care has been used in surveying, processing, analysing           The Regional Economic Indicators are model-based,
and extracting the data for Business Demographic                     derived by integrating IRD data with the Statistics New
Statistics. However, all data are subject to possible                Zealand Business Frame.

                                                                41
                                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003
Due to the impossibility of taking into account any                  Prices are collected weekly, monthly, quarterly or annually
transactions between regions/territorial authorities these           depending on the expected frequency of price changes
series are not measures of the regional Gross Domestic               exhibited by the good or service.
Product (GDP) but nevertheless they can be used as an
indicator of the economic activity within the chosen area.           Prices are surveyed in 15 main urban areas. These are:
                                                                     Whangarei, Auckland, Hamilton, Tauranga, Rotorua,
Caution is also required when comparing the absolute                 Napier-Hastings, New Plymouth, Wanganui, Palmerston
values of industrial sectors. Values of GST sales and                North, Wellington, Nelson, Christchurch, Timaru, Dunedin
purchases include the value of everything used in the                and Invercargill. In general, for the Quarterly Regional
production chain (as opposed to GDP, which deducts the               Review, the nearest or largest urban area where price
value of goods produced earlier in the production chain to           surveys were conducted has been used to indicate price
avoid double-counting). Comparing net GST (sales less                movements for the area covered by the review.
purchases) will give a better indication of the contribution
of each industrial sector. While net GST is similar to GDP,          15. Retail Trade Survey
it excludes some critical elements of GDP. Thus, net GST
for a region is no more than an indicator of regional GDP.           The Retail Trade Survey include activity units on the
                                                                     Business Frame that are classified as:
The results are being released as experimental series. The            Retail Trade (ANZSIC division G)
series are subject to revision while in the experimental              Accommodation, Cafes and Restaurants (ANZSIC
stage as methodologies are further refined. Only the actual             division H)
value series will be released as there are not enough data to         Personal Services (ANZSIC subdivision 5 of division
produce seasonally adjusted estimates.                                  Q).

Due to the time taken for GST returns to be filed and the            The survey population is stratified according to store type
data forwarded to Statistics New Zealand, Regional                   and size (in terms of full-time equivalent employees).
                                                                     Because of the contribution that large enterprises have on
Economic Indicators will not always be available for the
                                                                     sales, they are all included in the sample. In total about
most recent quarter. In most issues of the Quarterly
                                                                     4,000 enterprises are selected in the sample. The sample is
Regional Review data will be lagged by one quarter.
                                                                     designed to give statistics at the 95 percent confidence
However, due to availability of Business Frame data, the
                                                                     interval limit. This means, for example, that if an estimate
March quarter each year can not be published until the
                                                                     has a sample error of 3.3 percent, then there is a 95 percent
September Quarterly Regional Review.
                                                                     chance that the true value of total sales for the month lies
                                                                     within plus or minus 3.3 percent of the published estimate.
The primary sector includes 'Agriculture, Forestry and
Fishing' and 'Mining' industries. The secondary sector
includes 'Manufacturing', 'Electricity, Gas and Water                Sampling errors are available for the middle month of the
Supply' and 'Construction' industries. The tertiary sector           quarter. A change in an estimate (either between adjacent
includes 'Wholesale Trade', 'Retail Trade',                          months or between months a year apart) is said to be
'Accommodation, Cafes and Restaurants', 'Transport and               statistically significant if it is larger than the associated
Storage', 'Communication Services', 'Finance and                     sampling error.
Insurance', 'Education', 'Property and Business Services',
'Government Administration and Defence', 'Health and                 Retail Trade data are released with the following
Community Services', 'Cultural and Recreational Services'            caveat due to limitations in some of the data, which
and 'Personal and Other Services' industries.                        are of a lower standard than published, figures
                                                                     Statistics New Zealand releases.

14. Consumers Price Index                                            The Retail Trade Survey sample is selected and
The Consumers Price Index (CPI) measures the rate of                 weighted at the storetype and major region
price change of goods and services purchased by New                  (Auckland, Waikato, Wellington, Rest of the North
Zealand households. The CPI has an expression base of                Island, Canterbury and Rest of the South Island)
June 1999 quarter (=1000). For detailed information                  level. Data released below this design level are
regarding the methodology and compilation of the June                indicative only.
1999 quarter rebased CPI, an information paper titled
Implementation of the 1999 Review of the Consumers
Price Index is available.                                            16. Car Registrations
                                                                     Car registrations come from a database maintained by the
As part of a three-yearly cycle, the CPI has new weights             Land Transport Safety Authority. The database contains
effective from June 2002. New weights apply to all                   monthly new and ex-overseas registration counts by make,
indexes, including regional indexes and non-standard                 country of origin, and postal district. Ex-overseas vehicles
indexes, at all levels from the regimen item level and
upwards.


                                                                42
                                                                            HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003
                                                                   sales recorded by real estate agents who are members of
are those that have been registered in another country             REINZ.
before entry into New Zealand.
                                                                   The data is coded to areas that have been approximated to
The Quarterly Regional Review presents total new and ex-           regional councils with the exception of Kaikoura, which is
overseas registrations per quarter, aggregated to the 22           grouped with Marlborough Region.
postal districts in New Zealand. The counts indicate the
postal district in which the vehicle is domiciled, not the         The statistical information contained in this publication has
postal district in which it was registered.                        been compiled from reports of sales made through Real
                                                                   Estate Agents only. These statistics do not include sales
                                                                   made by parties who are not a member of REINZ such as
17. Regional Household Expenditure Estimates                       private sales. Although the statistics have been complied
Regional Household Expenditure Estimates for 2001 are              from the best information available, the Real Estate
model-based and integrate data from the Household                  Institute of New Zealand accepts no responsibility for the
Expenditure Survey (HES) for the year ended 30 June                accuracy of the information. The information should not be
2001 and the 2001 Census.                                          relied upon solely as the basis for making any decisions
                                                                   about a Real Estate transaction. Any person proposing to
Estimates of spending on various goods and services are            buy or sell property should seek professional advice as to
modelled using household characteristics and expenditure           the value of the property with which they are concerned.
information collected in the HES. These models are then
applied to census data to produce regional estimates of
household expenditure.                                             20. Accommodation Survey
                                                                   The target population for the accommodation survey is all
The household expenditure and average household                    geographic units that are classified as short term (less than
expenditure estimates are for the year ended 30 June 2001.         one month) commercial accommodation providers
Household counts used to calculate average household               operating in New Zealand.
expenditure are defined as occupied permanent private
dwellings, excluding visitor only households, from the             The survey frame is all commercial accommodation-
2001 Census. These household counts do not correspond              providing geographic units belonging to an economically
to those used in the HES, which were estimated for the             significant enterprise. Economic significance is generally
four HES regions before 2001 Census data was available.            determined as being GST registered, having a turnover of
Hence average expenditure estimates do not match with the          at least $30,000 per annum.
HES.
                                                                   The predominant capacity provided determines the
Household expenditure for the apparel group is not                 accommodation type. For instance, if a business provides
available for New Zealand or South Island areas.                   both motel and campground accommodation, but the
                                                                   majority of its „stay units‟ are motel rooms, it is classified
                                                                   as a motel.
18. Building Consents
Building Consents data provided in the Quarterly Regional          New Zealand Accommodation Classification is defined as:
Review include building consents for the construction,              hotels: includes both hotels and resorts
alterations and additions to all building types. GST is             motels: includes motor inns, apartments and motels
included in the figures collected.                                  Hosted: includes private hotels, guesthouses, bed and
                                                                     breakfasts, and holiday farm (farm-stays)
A building is classified according to its main intended              accommodation
function. Some consents are for a building that may have            backpackers / hostels
more than one purpose (such as a retail/office building).           caravan parks / camping grounds.
From the June 1996 month, the floor area and value of a
consent for a multi-purpose building is split between each         The Quarterly Regional Review aggregates establishment
of the building‟s main functions. When sufficient detail           types and provides summary data for guest nights and
cannot be obtained, the building is classified according to        occupancy rates at the territorial authority level.
the predominant function of the building.
                                                                   A guest night is equivalent to one guest spending one night
From the December 2000 quarter, the effect of consents             at an establishment. For example, a motel with 15 guests
that would serve to subtract from the building stock (eg a         spending two nights would report provision of 30 guest
demolition) is removed.                                            nights of accommodation. Occupancy rates are calculated
                                                                   by dividing „stay unit nights occupied‟ by „stay unit nights
19. Real Estate Institute of New Zealand                           available‟. A stay unit is the unit of accommodation
The Quarterly Regional Review includes data from the               charged out to guests. If a motel has six of its ten units
Real Estate Institute of New Zealand (REINZ) pertaining            occupied every night in July, it has 6 x 31
to the number and average price of dwelling and section

                                                              43
                                                                              HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003
                                                                        efforts by the New Zealand Customs Service to
= 186 stay unit nights occupied. Its stay unit nights                    improve the export documentation completed by
available (capacity) is 10 x 31 = 310. So its occupancy                  exporters
rate is 60 percent (186 / 310 x 100).                                   a parallel export quality assessment by Statistics New
                                                                         Zealand
The accommodation survey aims for 100 percent coverage                  a downward revision to butter export values to correct
of the population. However, in practice an overall response              a previously overvalued price that included the tariff
rate of approximately 78 percent is achieved. The                        into the United Kingdom
remaining units are given imputed values based upon the
characteristics of similar establishments in the same or             Tables containing the revised data accompanied the March
similar regions. This procedure introduces unknown errors            2002 Quarterly Regional Review.
into the estimates, and this should be borne in mind by
users of the data. The size of these unknown errors is
                                                                     From the August 1997 reference month, cargo exports are
difficult to quantify.
                                                                     compiled by date of export. Previously, cargo exports were
                                                                     generally compiled according to the date of processing by
Other non-sampling errors occur for reasons such as
                                                                     the New Zealand Customs Service.
respondent-error, non-response, frame quality and errors in
processing. While every effort is made to minimise these
                                                                     Cargo imports are generally compiled by the date of entry
errors, they will still occur. It is not possible to quantify
                                                                     lodgement at the New Zealand Customs Service. Entries
their effect.
                                                                     are required from up to five days before, to 20 working
                                                                     days after, arrivals of the goods in New Zealand.
21. Overseas Cargo Statistics (Where applicable)
Overseas Cargo Statistics are sourced from customs entries
that Statistics New Zealand receives from the New Zealand
                                                                     Word Document Links
Customs Service. Overseas Cargo Statistics record the                Some Quarterly Regional Review users have experienced
value and gross weight of all goods loaded or unloaded at            trouble with graph links within the electronic Word
New Zealand ports - both sea and air.                                document. If this is you, then check that the automatic link
                                                                     update property within Word is not active.
Overseas cargo loaded/unloaded statistics exclude large
one-off exports (and re-exports)/imports of transport                To do this open Word, go to Tools, Options. Select the
equipment, ie aircraft, shipping vessels, oil rigs etc, which        General tab and check that the "Update automatic links at
arrive in or depart from the country under their own power.          Open" option is NOT selected. Also avoid double clicking
                                                                     on any of the graphs within the Word document because
Overseas Cargo Statistics are provisional for three months,          this will cause Word to attempt to update the graph link,
to allow for the inclusion of late data and amended                  producing an error.
documentation.

Cargo loaded (exports) is valued free on board (fob) and is          Data in Spreadsheet
shown in New Zealand dollars. In some cases goods are                Supporting data used to produce this bulletin is contained
sent on consignment and the selling prices are not known             in the spreadsheet provided.
until goods are disposed of at their destination. In these
                                                                     Further Information
cases, fob values are based on prices current at the time of
export. Statistics New Zealand converts values given in
foreign currencies to New Zealand dollars using weekly               Information about regional statistics produced by Statistics
exchange rates when the statistics are compiled.                     New Zealand can be found on the Statistics New Zealand
                                                                     Website or through the Information Help Desk.
Cargo unloaded (imports) are valued at cost including
insurance and freight (cif) and are shown in New Zealand             Further information about how the different surveys are
dollars. These values are converted from foreign currencies          conducted may be found in the technical notes of the Hot
when the New Zealand Customs Service processes import                Off The Press released for each of the surveys.
documents. The New Zealand Customs Service sets the
exchange rates used for conversions each fortnight.                  Information is also available on Statistics New Zealand‟s
                                                                     Information Network for Official Statistics (INFOS).
There have been revisions to the cargo statistics. They
affect only a few values in the time series for some ports,
and the impacts are at most between 2-3 percent of the
previous values.



The revisions are due to:
                                                                44
                                                                             HAMILTON CITY Q U A R T E R L Y R E V I E W March 2003


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                                                                    should always be assessed before deciding on their fitness
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These conditions apply to information obtained from
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additional conditions may apply. Where additional
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Quality Of Statistical Data                                         New Zealand.
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imposed by the design of the survey.                                or reliability of linked websites and does not guarantee that
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Most official surveys are designed to produce national
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                  Next Quarterly Regional Review                    will be released in September 2003




                                                               45