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        ENVIRO NEWS             Vol.15, April-June 2008
 NEWSLETTER ON ENVIRONMENT & FOREST POLICIES, PROGRAMMES AND ACTIVITIES




                         Environmental Information System (ENVIS)
                               Ministry of Environment and Forests
                                       Government of India
 tgk¡ gS gfj;kyh A April-June 2008           New Delhi
ENVIRONEWS                                                                   1
ogk¡ gS [kq’kgkyh AA                     http://envfor.nic.in
    ENVIRO NEWS                                 Himalayan Glaciers
        Vol. 15, April - June 2008


                                                G     laciers in the Himalayas provide the water source for one-
                                                      sixth of humanity. As the temperature rises, these reservoirs
               Contents                         of ice disappear. Dubbed the Third Pole for having the largest
                                                concentration of glaciers outside the polar caps, the Himalayas
                                                boast 11 peaks over 8,000 meter (26246 feet) and around 100
World Environment Day - 2008                3   over 7,000 meter (22966 feet). The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has
Speech By Her Excellency                        reduced form 48,860 sq. Km. (18,865 sq. miles) in the 1970s to
The President Of India                      4   48,483 sq. km (17158 sq. miles) today. The alarming acceleration
                                                of the treat is being attributed to increase global warming.
Message for World
Environment Day                             6   The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development
Indira Gandhi Paryavaran                        (ICIMOD) in Kathmandu, Nepal has predicted that Himalayas
Puraskar-2005                               7   could experience intense flooding as mountain lakes overflow
Plant and Animal Discoveries 2007           8   with water melting glaciers and snowfields. The new flood warning
                                                is based on three years of research involving site visits and
Earth Day 2008                              9
                                                studies of topographical maps, satellite image, and aerial
State of Environment Atlas – India         10   photography. The scientists assessed 4000 glaciers and 5000
Indoor Air Pollution In India              11   glacial lakes in Nepal and in Bhutan. The findings indicate that
Notification                               12   20 glacial lakes in Nepal and 24 in Bhutan have become
(Emmission standard for generator sets )        potentially dangerous as a result of climate change. Studies
                                                done by Geological Survey of India have revealed that, on average,
Notification                               13
(Emmission standard for                         glaciers in India have been receding at the rate of 15 m (about
Sulphuric Acid Plant)                           50 ft) every year.

Notification                               14   Himalayan glaciers could shrink from the present 5, 00, 00 sq.
(Emmission standard for Sponge                  km. (193,051 sq miles) to 1, 00, 000 sq. km. (38, 610 sq. miles)
Iron Plants )                                   by 2030 if the rate of global warming is not arrested at present.
Pitambar Pant as Dr B. P. Pal                   The February 2007 release of the Intergovernmental Panel on
National Environment Fellowship                 Climate Change (IPCC) report on science of climate change
Award 2007 & 2008                          16   has concluded with 90 percent certainty, that global warming is
                                                caused by human behaviour.
                                                Researchers say there is a bright side, at least temporarily, to
                                                glacial melting. While the glacial lasts, they supply fresh water for
                                                drinking, irrigation and hydropower. When glaciers are gone, some
Editorial Committee                             decades from now, the water supply will be diminished.
Dr. S. P. Sharma, Statistical Advisor
Shri A. K. Johari, DIG (Forests)
Shri Sanjay Kumar, DIG (NAEB)
Shri B. Sikka, Director (NRCD)
Ms Madhumita Biswas, Joint Director (EI)


Editors
Dr. S. P. Sharma
Debabrata De
                                                                      Himalayan Glaciers

ENVIRONEWS               April-June 2008                                                                                2
                                 World Environment Day, 2008


T     he World Environment Day is commemorated each
      year on 5th June, and it is one of the principle vehicles
through which the UN stimulates world wide awareness of
the environment and enhances political attention and action.
The World Environment Day slogan for 2008 is “Kick the
Habit: towards a Low Carbon Economy”. Recognising that
climate change is becoming the defining issue of our era,
UNEP is asking countries, companies and communities to
focus on greenhouse gas emissions and how to reduce them.
The World Environment Day will highlight resources and
initiatives that promote low carbon economies and life-styles,
such as improved energy efficiency, alternative energy
sources, forest conservation and eco-friendly consumption.              Release of NGO Directory by Honb’le MOS
                                                                                     (Environment)
Ministry of Environment and Forests observed the World
                                                                  Young Environmentalist was given as a decoration to one of
Environment Day at a function in New Delhi. Her Excellency
                                                                  the Senior Group children of the Summer Programme
the President of India, Shrimati Pratibha Devisingh Patil was
                                                                  organised by NMNH.
the Chief Guest. Hon’ble Ministers of States, Shri Namo
Narain Meena and Shri R. Reghupathy and Ms. Meena                 Two publications, namely, Animal Discoveries-2007, ZSI and
Gupta, Secretatry (E&F) were present during this occasion.        Plant Discoveries-2007, BSI were presented to the President
Senior officers of the Ministry, invited guests and other         of India by Hon’ble MOS (Forests), Shri S. Reghupathy.
attended the function.                                            Hon’ble MOS(Environmental), Shri Namo Narain Meena
                                                                  released the publication of Directory of Environmental NGOs,
The Day was also observed as the 30th year of the Foundation
                                                                  NMNH Folder, Poster and Environment Booklet (“Paryavaran
of the National Museum of Natural History.
                                                                  ke Baatein”) on this Day. Environment songs and skit on
On this occasion, Her Excellency the President of India gave      environment were presented by the school children along
away the Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Puraskar, 2005 and Young        with a film show on environment.
Environmentalist Awards, 2008 to the recipient. The title of




                             View of a Function held during World Environment Day, 2008

ENVIRONEWS                April-June 2008                                                                                   3
     Speech by Her Excellency the President Of India, Shrimati
     Pratibha Devisingh Patil, at the Presentation of the Indira
         Gandhi Paryavaran Purashkar on the Occasion of
                   the World Environment Day



I t gives me great pleasure to participate in this function
  organised on the occasion of the World Environment Day.
I would like to congratulate Sant Gadge Baba Amrawati
University of Maharashtra whose award is being received
by its Vice Chancellor - Dr. Kamal Singh, Shri Jagadish
Babla of Uttaranchal and Dr. Amrita Patel of Gujarat, who
have been conferred the Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Purashkar
for their contribution in protecting and conserving our
environment. My good wishes also to Ms. Shefalika, the
Young Environmentalist of the year.

The World Environment Day is celebrated each year with a
view to stimulate global awareness and to encourage people
to become active participants in the sustainable and
equitable development process so that all nations and                       Speech Delivered by Her Excellency
peoples enjoy a more prosperous future. It was on this                   the President of India on the Occassion of
                                                                               World Environment Day, 2008
historic day in 1972, that the United Nations Conference
on Human Environment began in Stockholm. Smt. Indira              community that established a global partnership to achieve
Gandhi, our then Prime Minister, was the only Head of             the Millennium Development Goals by 2015, including by
Government who travelled to Stockholm to participate in           providing financial and technological support to developing
the 1972 Conference. By stating that poverty was the worst        countries.
polluter, she highlighted the link between environmental
conservation and elimination of poverty. This launched a          The 21st century is confronted with the global challenge of
global debate on the need to look at poverty eradication,         climate change. Though all countries contribute, to some
developmental imperatives and environmental concerns as           extent, to the generation of greenhouse gases, the
interdependent objectives.                                        contribution of developing countries like India is vastly
                                                                  different and far lower than that of developed countries. The
Twenty years later, at the 1992 Rio Conference and, thirty        developed countries have to their account the historical
years later at the 2002 Johannesburg Summit, the leaders          emissions of GHGs since the Industrial Revolution. However,
of the world emphasized that sustainable development as           climate change is likely to have wide ranging economic and
a development paradigm should address the economic,               social impacts in every country. In fact, the harshest impact
social and environmental needs of society, and recognized         is being felt by the poorest in the world who have had hardly
that for the developing countries eradicating poverty would       any share in causing this problem. Global discussions on
be an indispensable requirement for sustainable                   climate change must, therefore, bear in mind that the
development. Therefore, today, is an appropriate occasion         process of burden sharing should be fair and in line with the
to re-commit ourselves to ensuring that the sustainable           principle of common but differentiated responsibility and
development process provides to all our people - health,          respective capabilities.
nutrition, education and housing so that all can live a life of
dignity in a clean and healthy atmosphere. Indeed, this           As a developing country, even though India has no
should be a collective global endeavour for the international     international obligation to reduce emissions, it as a

ENVIRONEWS                 April-June 2008                                                                                   4
responsible member of the world community, is taking action       Ghats and Eastern Himalayas. I am aware that the Ministry
domestically to contribute to the global efforts. Climate         has several programmes and policies to preserve the
change is receiving high level and focused attention in India.    ecosystems through the establishment of wildlife
Prime Minister’s Climate Change Council is                        sanctuaries, national parks and biosphere reserves. These
comprehensively examining India’s response to this global         efforts must continue. At the same time, steps have been
challenge. Our National Environment Policy adopted in 2006        taken for welfare of the forest people particularly the tribal
promotes the adoption of cleaner technology and bio-friendly      people, who have lived in and near the forests for centuries
disposal of waste. We have promoted measures like energy          and who are also the repositories of traditional knowledge
efficiency, and encouraged the use of new and renewable           on conservation and sustainable living.
sources of energy. We have emerged as the country with
                                                                  Conservation and protection of the environment as also love
the 4th largest wind power capacity in the world. Other
                                                                  for nature have always been a part and parcel of the Indian
sources of renewable energy like solar energy are also being
                                                                  ethos and culture. Our scriptures and epics teach us respect
tapped. Under the Green India Programme, we propose to
                                                                  for nature which is also a precondition for peace and harmony
launch a massive afforestation project covering six million
                                                                  in life. The Atharva Veda says:
hectares of degraded forest land, which is probably the
world’s largest. We are encouraging reusing and recycling                             ;Ùks    Hkw e s fo[kukfe
to reduce waste. Water is a precious life giving resource                            f{kiza   rnfi jksg rwA
and we must use every drop of water efficiently. Rain water                         ek rs              foe
                                                                                              eeZ ] foe ` X ofLek
harvesting is important in maximizing the utilization of water.                        rs     ân; vfiZie
The slogan adopted for this year’s World Environment Day                                  Pure Earth,
is the importance of low carbon economy. As we look at                         May that we utilize your soil well,
this issue today, there can be no doubt that new and                        Without causing you injury or harm or
advanced technologies will play a key role in achieving this
                                                                              Disturbing any vital element in you.
objective. Developing countries naturally expect a robust
arrangement for the transfer of technology and financial          These words should inspire everybody to prudently use the
support from developed countries. Governments as well as          resources of our planet.
academic institutions and corporate bodies must step up
                                                                  I am informed that today we are also celebrating the 30th
research work and also develop joint research programmes
                                                                  Anniversary of the National Museum for Natural History, an
across nations for meeting the challenge of sustainable
                                                                  important institution to spread awareness about the evolution
development including climate change across the globe.
                                                                  of the Universe and progression of life on it. Today, the
The global community must join hands to create scientific
                                                                  Museum and its regional centers are recognized as excellent
capacity to solve these problems. The carbon footprint of
                                                                  centers for non-formal environmental education. It has
human activity can be reduced when each individual, each
                                                                  played a strong and active role in creating awareness,
household, each industrial unit - all undertake their work
                                                                  through a number of educational programmes, exhibitions,
and activities as energy efficiently as possible and reduce
                                                                  nature camps in which many children have participated.
wastage.
                                                                  These activities will help in developing a sense of
On this Day, we should focus our thoughts on keeping the          responsibility which is so essential in our every day life.
planet safe from degradation. Efforts to spread awareness         Children as the citizens of tomorrow have a big stake in the
must be stepped up. However, Government alone cannot              future of our society, our country, the world and indeed the
do this. As I just mentioned, each one of us will have to         planet. They must be involved in activities to preserve and
contribute to this task of conservation of nature and             conserve our environment. I am happy to see young students
environment. This should become a people’s movement, in           in the function today.
which local bodies, civil society and NGOs should
                                                                  While concluding, I take this opportunity to once again
participate.
                                                                  convey my best wishes to the awardees of the Indira Gandhi
We should address the common task of preserving the Earth         Paryavaran Purashkar and also wish them success in their
and all its life forms. India is among the 12 countries           future endeavours.
immensely rich in bio-diversity. India has two out of the 18                                                    Thank you,
biodiversity hot-spots of the world which are the Western                                                          Jai Hind.


ENVIRONEWS                April-June 2008                                                                                     5
                    Message for World Environment Day, 2008


                “Kick The Carbon Habit”                           2008. “Kick the Habit: Towards a Low Carbon Economy”,
                                                                  recognizes the damaging extent of our addiction, and it shows
Addiction is a terrible thing. It consumes and controls us,
                                                                  the way forward.
makes us deny important truths and blinds us to the
consequences of our actions. Our world is in the grip of          Often we need a crisis to wake us to reality. With the climate
dangerous carbon habits.                                          crisis upon us, business and governments are realizing that,
                                                                  far from costing the earth, addressing global warming can
Coal and oil paved the way for the developed world’s industrial
                                                                  actually save money and invigorate economics. While the
progress. Fast developing countries are now taking the same
                                                                  estimated costs of Climate Change are incalculable, the
path in search of equal living standards. Meanwhile in the
                                                                  price tag for fighting it may be less than any of us may have
least developed countries, even less sustainable energy
                                                                  thought. Some estimates put the cost at less than one per
sources, such as charcoal, remain the only available option
                                                                  cent of global gross domestic product- a cheap price indeed
for the poor.
                                                                  for waging a global war.
Our dependence on carbon-based energy has caused a
                                                                  Even better news is that technologies already exist are under
significant build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
                                                                  development to make our consumption of carbon-based fuels
Last year, the Noble Peace Prize winning Intergovernmental
                                                                  cleaner and more efficient and to harness the renewable
Panel on Climate Change put the final nail in the coffin of
                                                                  power of sun, wind and waves. The private sector, in particular,
global warming skeptics. We know that climate change is
                                                                  is competing to capitalize on what they recognize as a
happening, and we know that carbon dioxide and other green
                                                                  massive business opportunity.
house gases that we emit are the cause.
                                                                  Around the world, nations, cities, organizations and business
We don’t just burn carbon in the form of fossil fuels.
                                                                  are looking afresh at green options. At the United Nations, I
Throughout the tropics, valuable forests are being felled for
                                                                  have instructed the plan for renovating our New York
timber and making paper, for pasture and arable land and,
                                                                  headquarters should follow strict environmental guidelines. I
increasingly, for plantations to supply a growing demand for
                                                                  have also asked the chief executives of all UN programmes,
bio-fuels. This further manifestation of our carbon habit not
                                                                  funds and specialized agencies to move swiftly towards
only releases vast amount of CO2, it also destroys the
                                                                  carbon neutrality.
valuable resource for absorbing atmospheric carbon, further
contributing to climate change.                                   Earlier this year, the UN Environment Programme launched
                                                                  a climate neutral network – CN Net – to energize this growing
The environmental, economic and political implications of
                                                                  trend. Its inaugural members, which include countries, cities
global warming are profound. Ecosystems – from mountain
                                                                  and companies, are pioneers in a movement that I believe
to ocean, from poles to the tropics-are undergoing rapid
                                                                  will increasingly define environmental, economic and political
change. Low-lying cities face inundation, fertile lands are
                                                                  discourse and decision making over the coming decades.
turning to desert, and weather patterns are becoming even
more unpredictable.                                               The message of World Environment Day 2008 is that we are
                                                                  all part of the solution, Whether you are an individual, an
The cost will be borne by all. The poor will be hardest hit by
                                                                  organization, a business or government, there are many
weather related disasters and by soaring price inflation for
                                                                  steps you can take to reduce your carbon footprint. This
staple foods, but event the richest nations face the prospect
                                                                  message we all must take to heart.
of economic recession and a world in conflict over
diminishing resources. Mitigating climate change,                                                        Mr.Ban Ki-Moon
eradicating poverty and promoting economic and political                              Secretary-General of United Nations
stability all demand the same solution: we must kick the
carbon habit. This is the theme for World Environment Day

ENVIRONEWS                 April-June 2008                                                                                      6
                      Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Puraskar, 2005



T     he Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Puraskar (IGPP),
      constituted by the Ministry of Environment & Forests,
in the year 1987, in the memory of Former Prime Minister
of India, Late Smt. Indira Gandhi, is conferred each year to
one organization and two individuals in recognition of
significant contributions in the field of Environment and
carries a cash prize of Rs.5.0 lakh under Organization
Category and, Rs. 3.0 and Rs. 2.0 lakh each under Individual
Category, Silver Lotus Trophy and Citation. The environmental
prize committee constituted under the Chairmanship of
Hon’ble Vice President of India select the awardees. Short
listing of the nomination is carried out by three Expert
Members selected by the Prime Ministers Office.

For the year 2005, the Ministry received a total number of
                                                                          Awardees of IGPP and the Young
190 nominations (125 individuals and 65 organizations) out
                                                                     Environmentalist with the President of India
of which 34 nominations (22 individuals and 12
organisations) were short listed by the expert members.         Out of 22 short listed nominations received under the
The ground truth verification of these short listed             Individual Category, the committee selected :
nominations had been carried out by the regional offices of
the Ministry.                                                   (I) Mr. Jagdish Babla, Dehradun, Uttarakhand (Rs.3.0
                                                                    Lakh) for exemplary contributions to the environmental
Out of 12 short listed nominations received under the               protection and awareness among the local community
Organization category (Rs.5.0 lakh), the Committee                  in Garhwal region of Uttarakhand State.
selected.
                                                                (II) Dr. Amrita Patel, Anand, Gujarat (Rs.2.0lakh) for her
Sant Gadge Baba Amrawati University, Maharastra for                  wide ranging and inclusive contributions to
its outstanding contributions to environmental amelioration,         environmental conservation and awareness.
environmental conservation and creating environmental
awareness in the Vidharba Region of Maharastra State.




                          Young Environmentalist Award, 2008


  T    he award of Young Environmentalist is the prestigious award given by National Museum of Natural History to the
       best participant of the ‘Explore the Environment Group’ (Class VIII, IX, X & XI). This year award has been given
  to Ms.Shefalika studying in class IX in Convent of Jesus & Mary, New Delhi for showing her keen interest in the
  educational sessions and the contest held during the summer programme, 2008. She won the first prize in the
  Declamation Contest held on 28th May, 2008. The topic of Declamation was “To Save the Species from Extinction,
  join hands for their protection”



ENVIRONEWS                April-June 2008                                                                                 7
                                      Plant Discoveries 2007

 T  he Botanical Survey of India (BSI), a premier research organization of the country established in 1890, serves the
     nation by providing scientific basis for conservation and sustainable use of wild plant diversity through survey,
 documentation, taxonomic research and environmental awareness.

 During the course of plant explorations and floristic and revisionary/monographic studies, BSI scientists often discover
 plants new to science or new plant records for India. Since reorganization of BSI in 1954, the BSI scientists have
 described one new family, 29 new genera and discovered over 800 plants new to science and several hundred new
 plant records for the country, thus significantly adding to our knowledge of the plant diversity of the country. During
 2007 alone BSI scientists discovered 23 species and six varieties as new to science and one genus twenty eight
 species, one subspecies and one variety as new records for Indian Flora. The ‘Plant Discoveries 2007’ provides
 general awareness about this notable contribution of BSI scientists during 2007.




                                    Animal Discoveries 2007

 Z    oological Survey of India, the department under the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India was
      established in 1916 as an offshoot of the Indian Museum Zoology Section, primarily to promote survey, explorations
 and research leading to the advancement of knowledge on various aspects of the exceptionally rich animal life of the
 country. Since last 92 years, the scientists’ of the department are undertaking surveys, and inventorisation, describing
 authenticated taxonomic work on different groups of animal under “Fauna of India, Fauna of States and Fauna of
 Ecosystems” containing description of known and new discoveries of animal of the country and abroad. The scientists’
 of the department so far, described 4415 species and subspecies new to the science. During the year 2007, 67 new
 species to the science and 18 new records to the country’s list of species are added, which is being released on the
 occasion of the World Environment Day.




         United States Environmental Protection Agency 2008
               Stratospheric Ozone Protection Awards

  T  he United States Environment Protection Agency honoured 39 individuals, organisations and companies from
     around the World for their outstanding contributions and efforts to protect the Earth’s climate and Stratospheric
  Ozone layer.

  Dr. A. Duraisamy, Director, Ozone Cell, Ministry of Environment and Forest has been awarded “2008 United
  States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) award for Protection of Stratospheric Ozone Layer” at the special
  ceremony held on the afternoon of Monday, 19th May, 2008 at The Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in
  Washington DC.


ENVIRONEWS              April-June 2008                                                                                 8
                                               Earth Day, 2008

E    arth day is observed on April 22 each year as a day of
     observance for the need to protect the earth. The
Ministry of Environment and Forests organised the
                                                                also released the dossier and CD of the ‘Interactive State of
                                                                Environment Atlas” produced by the Ministry.

                                                                Development Alternatives -observed the day by formally
celebration of the Earth Day through various eco-clubs for
                                                                launching the Climate change Mitigation Programme in
creation of awareness on the issue of “Climate Change and
                                                                Delhi. Ms. Meena Gupta, Secretary (E&F), who was the
Global Warming” throughout the country. The major focus
                                                                Chief Guest, released the informative booklet on ‘Climate
of the activities was, however, the National Capital i.e. New
                                                                change mitigation and personal carbon calculator’ in CD
Delhi where four major NGOs conducted several activities.
                                                                format.
On 22nd April, 2008, The Energy and Resources Institute
                                                                Health Care Foundation of India observed the Day by
(TERI) organised a function where school students took
                                                                involving more than 300 eco-clubs by focussing on the topic
the pledge to support public transport and committed to
                                                                “Global Warming”. Cultural performances on the main
proliferate the message through a signature campaign ‘Say
                                                                theme were staged by the students. Posters- cum -slogan
Yes to Public Transport”. Shri Namo Narain Meena, Hon’ble
                                                                making competitions were also organised besides on-the
Minister of State for Environment emphasised the
                                                                -spot quiz competition. These activities were followed by
importance of environmental conservation and
                                                                a symbolic march for 2 kms. To sensitise the general public
management and urged to exercise self control in
                                                                towards the environment related issues.
consumption and use natural resources judiciously. Dr. R.
K. Pauchauri, DG, TREI and Chairman IPCC, through a             Indian Environmental Society organised essay writing and
video message in an interview taken by the students, urged      poster competitions besides putting up an exhibition on
the use of public transport and car pooling to reduce           environment.
emissions and energy dependence. Hon’ble MoS (E&F)




                          Distribution of Prizes by Honb’le Minister of State (Environment)


ENVIRONEWS                April-June 2008                                                                                  9
                           State of Environment Atlas - India


T    he status of environment and the contribution of
     conventional development strategies to achieve
sustainable development have been a matter of increasing
                                                                The Atlas provides information on all aspects of green
                                                                (forests), blue (water) and brown (pollution) environmental
                                                                issues in the forms of maps, data, tables, photographs
concern over the last few decades. Recognising the need         and bibliographic materials in an easy to use format so
for a systematic database as a planning pre requisite the       that it can be shared easily and quickly amongst the stake
Ministry has developed an “Interactive State of Environment     holders. It is also having interactive maps on specific themes
Atlas” in collaboration with Development Alternatives, New      and an interactive geo spatial web site on environment Atlas
Delhi. The dossier and CD of the SoE Atlas was released         status, trend, PSIR framework analysis with tools of
by Shri Namo Narain Meena, Hon’ble Mos (E&F) and Ms.            interactivity.
Meena Gupta, Secretary (E&F) on the Earth Day i.e. 22nd         The Atlas could be browsed at http://envfor.nic.in and http:/
April, 2008 at a function organised by the Ministry in          /www.moef.gov.in. The CD containing Atlas could be
collaboration with The Energy Resources Institute in New        purchased as below:
Delhi.                                                          Price: (I) More then 100 CDs, Rs. 25/- per CD
                                                                        (II) For less then 100 CDs, Rs. 100/- per CD

                                                                Availability: By cash from the Information Facilitation
                                                                Counter (IFC) in the Ministry (C.G.O. Complex, Lodhi Road,
                                                                New Delhi 110 003).
                                                                By post: Only by Demand Draft in favour of
                                                                “PAO, Ministry of Environment and Forests” payable at
                                                                New Delhi.
                                                                Send your request to:-
                                                                                     Statistical Advisor
                                                                           Ministry of Environment and Forests
                                                                                   Paryavaran Bhawan
                                                                              C.G.O. Complex, Lodhi Road
       Release of SoE Atlas on Earth Day, 2008                                      New Delhi 110 003




                           Wetland Conservation Programme

 T   he draft notification on Regulatory Framework for Wetland Conservation, after approval by Minister of State
     (Environment) has been put on the website of the Ministry (http://envfor.nic.in) on 9th July, 2008. This will remain on
 website for 60 days. State Governments and concerned Central Ministries have been requested to give their expert
 opinion/comments on the draft notification. After getting valuable comments, the same will be incorporated in the text
 and sent to M/o Law & Justice for vetting. Thereafter it will be notified under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 for
 implementation.


ENVIRONEWS               April-June 2008                                                                                  10
       Indoor Air Pollution in India - a serious growing issue


T    he general perception about “Air Pollution” comes in
     many people’s minds that it is associated with the
contamination of urban air from automobile exhausts and
                                                                pneumoconiosis in the resident of Ladakh villages. Cataract
                                                                and adverse pregnancy outcome are the other conditions
                                                                shown to be associated with the use of biomass fuels.
industrial effluents. How ever in the developing countries      According to recent reports, approximately half of the worlds
including India, the problem of Indoor Air Pollution far        population and up to 90% of rural house holds in the
outweighs the ambient air pollution, especially in the rural    developing countries still rely on unprocessed biomass fuels
community. Indoor Air Pollution describes the amount of         for cooking and heating purposes. India has largest burden
contaminants in the air inside the building or other enclosed   of disease due to the use of traditional household fuels. It
spaces. Indoor Air Pollution describes the amount of            has been estimated that every year half a million women
contaminants in the air inside a building or other enclosed     and children die each year from indoor air pollution in India.
spaces. Indoor air pollution caused by burning traditional      Finally there is enough evidence to accept that indoor air
fuels such as dung, wood and crop residues, causes              pollution is responsible for high degree of morbidity and
considerable damage particularly the health of women            mortality warranting immediate steps of intervention.
and children. There is evidence associating the use of          To improve indoor air quality a study was conducted by
biomass fuel with acute respiratory tract infections in         NASA and the Associated Landscape Contractors of
children, chronic obstructive lung diseases and                 America (ALCA), concluded that common houseplants


                                           Indoor Pollutant and Health Effect

      Pollutants                        Source of generation                                Health effect
Asbestos                   Insulation which is falling apart, and         Asbestosis, lung cancer, mesothelioma and
                           other deteriorating materials such as          other cancers
                           floor tiles, siding and roofing.
                           Construction materials used before 1979
Biological Contaminants House dust, poorly maintained air                 Allergic reaction, asthma, eye, nose and throat
(Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, conditioners, wet or moist walls,              irritation, humidifier fever, influenza and other
Animal Dander, Mites)      humidifiers, wet or moist carpet or            infectious diseases.
                           padding, bedding, furry pets.
Carbon Monoxide            Motor vehicles, furnaces, fireplaces,          Headache, nausea, angina, impaired vision and
                           gas stoves, gas space heaters                  neutral functioning
Environmental Tobacco      Secondhand smoke from cigarettes,              Respiratory problems, bronchitis & pneumonia
Smoke                      cigars, pipes, and other tobacco products      in childern, emphysem, lung cancer & heart
                                                                          disease
Formaldehyde                 Pressed wood products, gluse, cabinets       Eye, nose and throat irritation . coughing,
                             and furniture, cigars, cigarettes, pipes,    fatigue, rashes and allergic reactions causes
                             and permanent press clothes                  cancer in animals. Death at very high
                                                                          concentration
Lead                         Lead-based paint, solder in food cans        Nerve and brain damage particular in children,
                             and pipes, drinking water. Building          growth retardation, kidney damage
                             constructed before 1979.
Nitrogen Dioxide             Cigars and cigarettes, pipes, gas stoves Eye, nose and throat irritation. May cause
                             and furnaces.                            impaired lung function and increased
                                                                      respiratory infections in young children
Organic Chemicals            Paints, aerosol sprays, dry cleaned      Eye, nose and throat irritation.Headaches,
                             clothing, disinfectant, arts and craft   damage to liver, various types of cancer
                             supplies.
Radon                        Soil under building, some earth derived  Lung Cancer
                             construction, materials and groundwater

ENVIRONEWS               April-June 2008                                                                                   11
                                                                       6. Dracaena deremenesis ‘Janet Craig, Janet Craig,
                                                                             dracaena
                                                                       7. Dracaena deremensis ‘Warneckii Warneck
                                                                             dracaena
                                                                       8. Ficus benjamina weeping fig
                                                                       9. Epipiremnum aureum, golden pothos
                                                                       10. Spathiphyllum ‘Mauna Loa’ peace lily
                                                                       11. Philodendron selloum, selloum philodendron
                                                                       12. Aglaonema modestum, Chinese evergreen
                                                                       13. Chamaedorea sefritzii, bamboo or reed palm
                                                                       14. Sanseieria trifasciatia, snake plant
                                                                       15. Dracaena marginata, red-edged dracaena
                                                                       16. Sansevieria laurentii, Mother-in-law, tongue
                                                                 NASA found that some of the plants were better than others
such as bamboo palms and spider plants not only make             for absorbing these pollutants, all the plants had properties
indoor spaces more attractive , they also help to purify the     that were useful in improving overall indoor air quality like
air, They came up with a list of the most effective plants for   English ivy, gerbera daisies, pot mums, peace lily, bamboo
treating indoor air pollution. The recommended plants are:       palm, and Mother-in-law’s Tongue were found to be the
      1. Philodendron scandens ‘oxycardium,’ heartleaf           best plants for treating air contaminated with Benzene. The
          philodendron, sweetheart plant                         peace lily and Bamboo palm were very effective in treating
      2. Philodendron domesticum, elephant ear                   Trichloro-ethylene. NASA also found the bamboo palm,
          philodendron                                           Mother-in-law, tongue, warneckei, peace lily Dracaenas
      3. Dracaenam fragrans ‘Massangeana’, cornstalk             marginata, golden pathos, and green spider plant worked
          dracaena                                               well for filtering formalde-hyde.
      4. Hedera Helix, English Ivy                                                     Source: ENVIS Newsletter, Indian Institute of
      5. Chlorophytum comosum, spider plant                                                         Toxicology Research, Lucknow




                          Ministry of Environment and Forests
                                       Notification
                                                New Delhi, April 11, 2008


G.S.R. 280 (E).- In exercise of the powers conferred of the         paragraph D , existing item number shall be renumbered
powers by Sections 6 and 25 of the Environment                      as (i), (ii),(iii) and (iv) respectively, and after item number
(Protection) Act. 1986 (29 of 1986), the central government         (iv) so renumbered the following item number and entries
hereby makes the following rules further to amend the               shall be inserted , namely:-
Environment (Protection) Rules. 1986, namely:-                      “(V) International Centre for Automotive Technology,
                                                                    Maneswar (Haryana)”
    1. These rules may be called the Environment                 b) in serial number 95, relating to ‘Emission Limits for
       (Protection), second Amendment Rules, 2008                   New Diesel Engines (up to 800KW) for Generator sets
    2. They shall come into force on the date of their              (Gensets) Applications; in the sub paragraph 8, after
       publication in the official Gazette.                         item (ii) and the entries relating thereto, the following
                                                                    item and entries shall be inserted namely:-
In the Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986, in schedule I          (iii) International Centre for Automotive Technology,
a) in serial number 88, relating to “Emission standards             Maneswar (Haryana)”.
     for generator sets (up to 19 kilowatt) run on petrol                                          (F.No.Q-15022/2/01-CPA (Pt.)
     and kerosene with implementation schedule; in                                                     R.K Vaish, Joint Secretary


ENVIRONEWS                April-June 2008                                                                                       12
                            Ministry of Environment and Forests
                                         Notification
                                               New Delhi, May 7, 2008


G.S.R.344(E) - In exercise of the powers conferred by Sections 6 and 25 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 (29
of 1986), the Central Government hereby makes the following rules further to amend the Environment (Protection)
Rules, 1986, namely:
1. (1) These rules may be called the Environment (Protection) Third Amendment Rules, 2008
     (2) They shall come into force on the date their publication in the Official Gazette.
2. In the Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986-
     (i) In Schedule 1, at serial number 23, relating to “Sulphuric Acid (Emission of Sulphur Dioxide and Acid Mist)”
     for the existing entries, the following shall be substituted, namely:-

 S. No.     Industry           Parameter                                             Standard
 1          2                  3                                                     4
 23         Sulphuric Acid              Emission standards
            Plant                        Limiting concentration in mg/Nm3,
                                         Unless stated
                                         Plant capacity for 100% concentration              Exisiting Unit    New Unit
                                         of Sulphuric Acid (tonne/Day)
                               Sulphur dioxide(SO2) up to 300                               1370              1250
                                         Above 300                                          1250              950
                               Acid Mist/Sulphur Up to 300                                  90                70
                               Trioxide Above 300                                           70                50

                               Note:
                               (i) Scrubbing units shall have on-line pH meters with auto recording facility
                               (ii) The height of the stack emitting sulphur- dioxide or acid mist shall be minimum of 30
                                     metre or as per the formula H=14(Q)(01) (Whichever is more).
                                     Where “H” is the height of stack in metre and “Q” is the maximum quantity of SO2
                                     expected to be emitted through the stack at 110 percent rated capacity of the plants
                                     and calculated as per the norms of gaseous emission.
                               (iii) Plants having more than one stream or unit of sulphuric acid at one location, the
                                     combined capacity of all the streams and units shall be taken into consideration for
                                     determining the stack height and applicability of emission standards.
                               (iv) Plants having separate stack for gaseous emission for the scrubbing unit, the height
                                     of this stack shall be equal to main stack.
     (ii) In Schedule VI, in part -D, in para III relating to Load/Mass Based Standards, in serial number 4, for the
          existing entries, the following entries shall be substituted, namely:

   S. No.        Industry                 Parameter                              Standard
                                                                                 Quantum Limit in kg/tonne
                                                                                 Plant capacity for Existing New
                                                                                 100%                Unit       Unit
                                                                                                     Concentration of
                                                                                 Sulphuric Acid
                                                                                 (tonne/day)
   24            Sulphuric Acid Plant     Sulphur dioxide (SO2)                  Up to 300           2.5        2.0
                                                                                 Above 300           2.0        1.5”
                                                                                             (F.No.Q-15017/29/2007-CPA )
                                                                                                R.K Vaish, Joint Secretary

ENVIRONEWS                  April-June 2008                                                                             13
                        Ministry of Environment and Forests
                                     Notification
                                              New Delhi, May 30, 2008



G.S.R. 414(E) – In exercise of the powers conferred by Sections 6 and 25 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 (29
of 1986), the Central Government thereby makes the following Rules further to amend the Environment (Protection)
Rules, 1986, namely :-
1. (i) These rules may be called the Environment (Protection) Fourth Amendment Rules, 2008.
     (ii) They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.
2. In the Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986,-
     (i) in schedule, I, After serial number 98 and the entries relating thereto, the following serial number and entries
     shall be inserted, namely :-




Sl. No.         Industry             Parameter                                        Standard
1                   2                      3                                              4
99         Sponge Iron Plant        Particulate matter                         A. Emission Standards*
           (Rotary Kiln)                                                       Fuel Type    Limiting value for
                                                                                            concentration
                                                                               Coal         100mg/Nm3
                                                                               Gas          50mg/Nm3
                                    Carbon Monoxide (Vol./Vol.)                Coal/Gas     1%
                                    Stack Height** (minimum)                   Coal/gas     30.0m
                                    Note:-
                                    * Emission shall be normalized at 12% CO2 in stack emission.
                                    ** Stack height shall be calculated as H=14.0 Q0.3 where Q is emission of Sulphar
                                    Dioxide (SO2) in kg/hr. i.c.
                                    SO2 (kg/hr)                                   Height (metre)
                                    Up to 12.68                                   30
                                    12.69 – 33.08                                 40
                                    33.08 – 69.06                                 50
                                    69.07 – 127.80                                60
                                    127.81 – 213.63                               70
           (De-dusting unit)        Particulate matter                            Exiting unit New unit
                                    (mg/my3)                                      100           50
                                    Note:-
                                    (i) Stack attached to de-dusting unit shall have minimum height of 30.0 metre.
                                    (ii) If, De-dusting unit is connected to After Burner Chamber (ABC), emission shall
                                        be emitted through common stack (minimum height 30.0 metre) having
                                        separate arrangements for emission monitoring for de-dusting unit.
           (Rotary Kiln/De-                            B. Fugitive Emission Standards
           dusting unit)            Particulate matter                            Exiting unit New unit
                                    ( µg/m3)                                      3000          2000
                                    Note:-
                                    (i) The existing industry shall comply with a standard of 2000 µg/m3 after one year
                                         from the date of notification.
                                    (ii) Fugitive emission shall be monitored at a distance 10.0 metre from the source
                                        of fugitive emission as per following :


ENVIRONEWS               April-June 2008                                                                              14
                       Area                                       Monitoring location
                       Raw material handling area                 Wagon tippler, Screen area, Transfer
                                                                  points, Stock bin area
                       Crusher area                               Crushing plant, vibrating screen,
                                                                  transfer points
                       Raw material feed area                     Feeder area, Mixing area,
                                                                  Transfer points
                       Cooler discharge area                      Over size discharge area,
                                                                  Transfer points
                       Product processing                         Intermediate stock bin area, Screening
                       area                                       plant, Magnetic separation unit, Transfer
                                                                  points, Over size discharge area,
                                                                  Product separation area, Bagging area
                       Other areas                                As specified by State Pollution
                                                                  Control Board/Pollution Control
                                                                  Committee
                                       C. Effluent Standards
                       pH                                           5.5 - 9.0
                       Total suspended solids                       100mg/l
                       Oil & grease                                 10mg/l
                       Chemical oxygen demand                       250mg/l
                       Note :-
                       (i) All efforts shall be made to reuse and re-circulate the water and to maintain
                           ‘Zero discharge’.
                       (ii) Stormwater drain shall be provided within the premises of
                            the industry so as to avoid mixing with effluent.

                                                                             (F.No.Q-15017/95/200-CPA(Pt.)
                                                                                  R.K Vaish, Joint Secretary




ENVIRONEWS   April-June 2008                                                                               15
        Invitation of Nominations for The National Fellowship Awards
                                        for
                Pitamber Pant National Environment Fellowship
                                       and
              Dr. B.P. Pal National Environment Fellowship Award
                                        for
                     Biodiversity for the years 2007 & 2008



 Applications are invited from Indian nationals for the following fellowships:-

        (i) Pitamber Pant National Environment Fellowship Awards for the years 2007 & 2008.
        (ii) Dr. B.P. Pal National Environment Fellowship Awards for Biodiversity for the years
             2007 & 08

 These National Fellowships are given each year to one scientist / expert and are instituted in
 recognition of significant Research and Development contributions made by the scientist /
 expert and to encourage him / her to continue R & D pursuits in the area of environmental
 sciences and biodiversity, respectively.

 Nominees should be below 60 years and his / her application for both the fellowships should
 be supported by at least two Fellows of the National Academy of Science / Engineering /
 Agriculture.

 The duration of the fellowship is for a period of two years. The details of the fellowship award,
 procedure and proforma for submitting applications as well as the terms and conditions are given
 in the guidelines available on the website of the Ministry (www.envfor.nic.in)

 The applications complete in all respects should be sent by registered A.D. Post in 10 copies and
 one set of reprints and other documentary evidence of achievements in a confidential sealed
 cover by 15th October, 2008, addressed to:-




                              The Adviser (Dr. G.V. Subramanayam)
                                             RE Division
                                 Ministry of Environment & Forests
                               Paryavaran Bhawan, CGO Complex,
                                 Lodi Road, New Delhi – 110 003




ENVIRONEWS         April-June 2008                                                                   16

				
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