Beach Litter by pengtt

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									Beach Litter
          Beach Litter
• What do we find on our beaches?
• What harm does it do?
• Where does it come from?
What do we find?
    What harm does litter do?
• It doesn’t look very nice
• It can be poisonous
• You can cut your feet on it
• Animals like turtles try to eat it and
  die
• Animals like seals get tangled in it and
  die
What harm does litter do?
   Where does litter come
          from?
• People!
  – Ashore
  – Afloat
        Where does litter come
               from?
• The Marine
  Conservation Society
  runs a survey of beach
  litter every year.
• The four main sources
  of beach litter are
  from the public,
  fishing, sewage and
  shipping


                       Source: Marine Conservation Society Beachwatch Survey 2009
        Where does litter come
               from?
• Public litter – 41.5%
  - 768 items per km
  – Includes crisp and
    sweet packets, fast
    food packaging and
    cigarette stubs, left
    behind by careless
    coastal visitors, or
    dropped inland and
    carried by rivers and
    winds to the coast.


                          Source: Marine Conservation Society Beachwatch Survey 2009
        Where does litter come
               from?
• Fishing litter – 15.1%
  - 279 items per km
  – Includes discarded or
    lost angling and
    commercial items
    such as fishing nets,
    fishing line, ropes,
    weights/hooks and
    buoys. Some items
    of public litter may
    have come from
    fishing boats.

                        Source: Marine Conservation Society Beachwatch Survey 2009
       Where does litter come
              from?
• Sewage Related
  Debris – 5.4% - 101
  items per km
  – Includes sanitary
    items flushed down
    the toilet like
    cotton bud sticks.



                    Source: Marine Conservation Society Beachwatch Survey 2009
        Where does litter come
               from?
• Shipping litter - 2% -
  37 items per km
  – Includes items such
    as pallets, strapping
    bands and oil drums.
    Some items of public
    litter may have come
    from ships.




                            Source: Marine Conservation Society Beachwatch Survey 2009
                         Ships
• Ships are not the
  worst polluters.
• They are more than
  dots on the horizon.
• They carry more
  than 90% of the
  stuff you buy.
• They carry stuff
  that would
  otherwise go by
  road.
• What sorts of ships
  are there, and what
  do they do?
                            Ships
• Some ships carry cargo

• Some tankers carry
  crude oil – lots of it!
                       Ships
• Some ships carry cargo

• Some tankers carry
  refined oil
                        Ships
• Some ships carry cargo

• Some tankers carry
  refined oil to the fuel
  tanks in Plymouth,
  reducing road haulage,
  and keeping local
  petrol prices low
                    Ships
• Some ships carry cargo
• Container ships
  carry fridges,
  TVs, footballs,
  food, shoes and
  lots more
  besides
                    Ships
• Some ships carry cargo
• And some
  container ships
  are smaller
  than others
                        Ships
• Some ships carry cargo

• This one carries
  bulk cargo like
  grain or fertiliser
                         Ships
• Some ships carry cargo
• Car transporters
  carry cars – really!
                  Ships
• Some ships carry people
• Small ferries
                  Ships
• Some ships carry people
• Large ferries
                       Ships
• Some ships carry people
• Small cruise ships
                      Ships
• Some ships carry people
• Huge cruise ships
                   Ships
• Some ships do special things
• Jack-up barges
                   Ships
• Some ships do special things
• Tugs
                   Ships
• Some ships do special things
• Dredgers
                   Ships
• Some ships do special things
• Hovercraft
                   Ships
• Some ships do special things
• Lifeboats
                   Ships
• Some ships do special things
• Looking after
buoys
                   Ships
• Some ships do special things
• Warships
                   Ships
• Some ships do special things
• Research ships
                 Ships
• Fishing vessels, small
                Ships
• Fishing vessels, medium
                 Ships
• Fishing vessels, large
                   Ships
• Sailing yachts
                 Ships
• Motor yachts
      Where does litter come
             from?
• After it gets into the sea it is driven
  by
  – Ocean currents
  – Tidal streams
  – Wind
     And some of it lands at
           Wembury




(picture from GoogleEarth)
      How did these get to
          Wembury?




• Balloon
     How did these get to
         Wembury?




• Rope
     How did these get to
         Wembury?




• Oil drum
      How did these get to
          Wembury?




• Radar aerial
    Can you tell their stories?
•   Narrative
•   Newspaper article
•   Cartoon strip
•   Play
•   Song

								
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