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									                                          The Genealogy Society
                                           of Southern Illinois
                                     c/o John A. Logan College, 700 Logan College Road, Carterville, IL 62918-2500

                                                          April 2010

                   Next Meeting — Sunday, 11 April 2010

                                                    Linda Blackman
                                  "Preserve your Roots for our Future"
Linda Blackman is the daughter of the deceased Virgil "Spec" and Amy (Lewis) Blackman of Stonefort,
Illinois. They owned and operated the Blackman Hardware & Lumber Company in the small village for fifty
Having been raised in a small town hardware store, Linda learned early to appreciate the rich and colorful
history of Stonefort and its people. This love and pride for her roots and the roots of those residing in the
Stonefort area continued to grow over the years.

With the death of her father in the late 1990's, Linda was left with the Old Train Depot in Stonefort, which had
been purchased by her family in 1965 after the New York Central Railroad System ceased to use the station.
She decided to renovate the building as it would have looked in the late 1800's...creating three museums within
the structure: a Railroad Depot Museum, a Stonefort Community Museum and a Hardware Store Museum.
The Stonefort Depot Museum officially opened August 1, 2009. Since that time, the three museums continue to
grow with pictures, local family histories and many items of interest relative to the Stonefort area which spans
part of four counties: Williamson, Saline, Pope and Johnson. It is hoped that many people, young and old, will
enjoy the contents of this fantastic resource center for decades to come and learn or renew their understanding
of their roots and family heritage.
          The Library Collection will be open from Noon to 4:30 p.m. on Sunday, 11 April 2010.
     The GSSI Library Collection is available during the week only when the College Library is open.
                   Executive Board Meeting — 1:00 p.m. General Meeting — 2:30 p.m.
                        GSSI General Meetings are free and open to the public.
      Membership in the Genealogy Society of Southern Illinois is not required to attend meetings.
     Meetings canceled due to bad weather will be announced on local Southern Illinois radio stations.

Genealogy Society of Southern Illinois                                                                               25
                                           President's Message
                                                          By Mike Brush

Finally, spring is starting to blossom in Southern Illinois. It has been a long and dreary winter and I don't know
of any who are not glad to see it pass. The ice and snow storms are now replaced with mild temperatures and
the sprouting of crocus and hyacinths in our gardens. Easter celebrations are in progress and we start the
process of spring cleaning. Some of us have even been the first in the neighborhood to mow the grass.

GSSI is a buzz with preparations for an open house at our new storage facility and work center. Mark your
calendars for Saturday, 8 May 2010 to come out to Cambria and take part in the grand opening. After a brief
ceremony, the spaces will be open for inspection. We plan to have board members in the various spaces to
answer any questions you may have. There will be door prizes and light refreshments for your enjoyment.

On the heels of the open house, plans are taking shape for a spring workshop in June. A program on cemetery
research will provide attendees with helpful information and handy techniques which promise to enhance your
cemetery visits. Details on this workshop and a registration form will appear in the next issue of the Newsletter.

With the onset of spring, I get somewhat anxious to escape from the confines of bad weather and unsafe roads.
It is a time to identify a genealogy conference of particular interest and to make plans to hit the highways. For
this spring, I have elected to attend a conference in Lincoln, NE that deals with my ethnic ancestry. The
conference symposium is presented by the Czechoslovak Genealogical Society International and it also
provides for additional research at the nearby Nebraska State Historical Society Library. I am looking forward
to both activities and returning to Southern Illinois with some fresh insights on my ethnic research. Wish me

Recently, I have become aware that several libraries in Southern Illinois have subscribed to a valuable online
research resource called America's Genealogy Bank. Three databases in this resource promise to provide
researchers with great potential. Historical Newspapers (1690-1977), Historical Books (1801-1900) and
Historical Documents (1789-1980) might just provide the key to open the door of discovery for you. It is an
evolving resource and more data is added monthly. I would encourage you to check with your local library to
see if it is available. With your Library PIN, you can even access the information remotely at home over your
personal pc. I have found it rewarding already only after a few visits. You can too. Try it out.

Lastly, I am proud to report that young Chris Porter, the Eagle Scout candidate who worked on the Alexander
County cemetery project last year, recently sent GSSI a thank you note for sponsoring his project. He has
completed his Eagle Scout rank. Bravo, Chris.....and thank you for your contribution of research to GSSI and
the community. We wish you well in all your future endeavors.

                                         The Wisconsin Historical Society Needs Your Help

      The Library-Archives at the Wisconsin Historical Society would like to serve genealogists better. To that
  end, we want to know more about how genealogists nationwide do their work. Please take a few minutes to
  fill out the survey at the following web address:

Genealogy Society of Southern Illinois                         26                           Volume 38, Number 4 — April 2010
                                Brick Wall Panel Discussion
                                           Moderator: Virginia Street

What a valuable resource! Our own GSSI members possess a wealth of valuable information that they were
willing to share at our March meeting. All you had to do was show up! Priceless!

Rick Allen has served as a certified genealogist; possesses a degree in History and specializes in research in
the following states: Illinois, Kentucky and Tennessee.

Jeannette O'Boyle has been an active genealogist for over 30 years and has experience with courthouse
research along with Internet genealogy. She is State Chair of VIS for Illinois DAR.

Rose Mary Orr has been a professional genealogist for nearly half a century. She has served as State Regent
of DAR and is experienced with library and courthouse research.

Sue Wallace has been researching for over ten years and is actively involved in lineage research for DAR
membership. She also volunteers at the Mary Smith Faye Library in Carmi, Illinois.

 Scenarios were presented by members of the audience and then several scenarios that had been sent in by email
beforehand were examined The panel was able to collaborate and offer some helpful hints and suggestions as
to approach. Several of the observations and suggestions are presented here. They may be of value to other
researchers who are involved in similar scenarios.

        Many Civil War records are now on-line.
        Also the 1846 Mexican-American War records can be found on line.
        Before 1850 census, only heads of households are named.
        The 1825 Pope County Census is at IRAD.
        Massac County and Johnson County records are indexed. Pope County will be this fall.
        By 1875-78, most marriage licenses have parents listed; it may be recorded on ledgers in the courthouse;
         it is a matter of locating it.
         You may be able to support identity of grave by dowsing (male or female, infant or adult)
        In 1880's to 1890's look for "vanity books" with the history of the county recorded. This may provide
         information about prominent citizens in the community.
        For old mine records, check present company, or history of the mine company.
        By law, mines must keep a cemetery record and may have maps of cemetery sites on mine property.
         Check for mine records in libraries or Illinois State Archives. Current company should have employee
        In 1843, Jackson County Courthouse burned.
        In 1867, Jackson County Courthouse had a fire that affected land records.
         Before 1815, Randolph County had all records for Southern Illinois.
        In trying to locate ancestors, review history of area to determine location of families.
         When trying to determine surnames of mothers, look at the families traveling with immigrants.

There were a few situations that needed further research by the panel members and it is anticipated that those
particular questions can be addressed in upcoming issues of the Newsletter. The panel wishes to thank all of the
participants for their challenging presentations. Another such program can be expected at an upcoming
Genealogy Society of Southern Illinois             27                                  Volume 38, Number 4 April 2010
                             1850 -1930

Consult the Census Records often and you will find areas, which seem to be inconsistent fro m
cen s us year t o census year. One ex am ple i s t he race of t he i ndividual s being researched. If
you wondered why that happens perhaps the following will help to answer that question for you.

This breakdown by census year comes from an article Racial stigma forced some to start new life.
Census regulations (enumerators' instructions) have varied back and forth many times regarding
Americans of mixed ancestry. Here are said to be the actual instructions handed to the enumerators
by census year.

1850 -- 6. Under heading 6, entitled "Color," in all cases where the person is white, leave the space blank; in all cases
where the person is black, insert the letter B; if mulatto, insert M. It is very desirable that these particulars be carefully

1860 -- 9. Color. -- Under heading 6, entitled "Color," in all cases where the person is white leave the space blank; in
all cases where the person is black without admixture insert the letter "B; "if a mulatto, or of mixed blood, write "M; "if
an Indian, write "Ind." It is very desirable to have these directions carefully observed.

1870 -- Color. --It must not be assumed that, where nothing is written in this column, "White" is to be understood.
The column is always to be filled. Be particularly careful in reporting the class Mulatto. The word is here generic, and
includes quadroons, octoroons, and all persons having any perceptible trace of African blood. Important scientific
results depend upon the correct determination of this class in schedules 1 and 2.

1880 -- Color. --It must not be assumed that, where nothing is written in this column, "white" is to be understood.
The column is always to be filled. Be particularly careful in reporting the class mulatto. The word is here generic, and
includes quadroons, octoroons, and all persons having any perceptible trace of African blood. Important scientific results
depend upon the correct determination of this class in schedules 1 and 5.

1890 -- 4. Whether white, black, mulatto. Quadroon, octoroon, Chinese, Japanese, or Indian. -Write white, black,
mulatto, quadroon, octoroon, Chinese, Japanese, or Indian, according to the color or race of the person enumerated. Be
particularly careful to distinguish between blacks, mulattos, quadroons, and octoroons. The word "black" should be
used to describe those persons who have three-fourths or more black blood; "mulatto," those persons who have from three-
eighths to five-eighths black blood; "quadroon," those persons who have one-fourth black blood; and "octoroon," those
persons who have one-eighth or any trace of black blood.

1900 -- 126. Column 5. Color or race. -Write "W" for white; "B" for black (Negro or of Negro descent); "Ch" for
Chinese; "JP" for Japanese, and "In" for Indian, as the case may be.

1910 -- 108. Column 6. Color or race. -Write "W" for white; "B" for black; "Mu" for mulatto; "Ch" for Chinese; "Jp" for
Japanese; "In" for Indian. For all persons not falling within one of these classes, write "Ot" (for other), and write on the
left-hand margin of the schedule the race of the person so indicated.

1920 -- 120. Column 10. Color or race.-Write "W" for white, "B" for black; "Mu" for mulatto; "In" for Indian; "Ch" for
Chinese; "Jp" for Japanese; "Fil" for Filipino; "Hin" for Hindu; "Kor" for Korean. For all persons not falling within one of
these classes, write "Ot" (for other), and write on the left-hand margin of the schedule the race of the person so indicated. 121.
For census purposes the term "black" (B) includes all Negroes of full blood, while the term "mulatto" (Mu) includes all
Negroes having some proportion of white blood.

Genealogy Society of Southern Illinois            28                                           Volume 38, Number 4 April 2010
1930 - 150. Column 12. Color or race. --Write "W" for white, "B" for black; "Mu" for mulatto; "In" for Indian;
"Ch" for Chinese; "Jp" for Japanese; "Fil" for Filipino; "Hin" for Hindu; "Kor" for Korean. For a person of any
other race, write the race in full. 151. Negroes. -A person of mixed white and Negro blood should be returned as
a Negro, no matter how small the percentage of Negro blood. Both black and mulatto persons are to be returned
as Negroes, without distinction. A person of mixed Indian and Negro blood should be returned a Negro, unless
the Indian blood predominates and the status as an Indian is generally accepted in the community. 152. Indians.
-A person of mixed white and Indian blood should be returned as Indian, except where the percentage of Indian
Blood is very small, or where he is regarded as a white person by those in the community where he lives. (Se
par. 151 for mixed Indian and Negro.) 153. For a person reported as Indian in column 12, report is to be made in
column 19 as to whether "full blood" or "mixed blood," and in column 20 the name of the tribe is to be reported.
For Indians, columns 19 and 20 are thus to be used to indicate the degree of Indian blood and the tribe, instead
of the birthplace of father and mother. 154. Mexicans. -Practically all Mexican laborers are of a racial mixture
difficult to classify, though usually well recognized in the localities where they are found. In order to obtain
separate figures for this racial group, it has been decided that all person born in Mexico, or having parents born
in Mexico, who are not definitely white, Negro, Indian, Chinese, or Japanese, should be returned as Mexican
("Mex"). 155. Other mixed races. -Any mixture of white and nonwhite should be reported according to the
nonwhite parent. Mixtures of colored races should be reported according to the race of the father, except Negro-
Indian (see par. 151).

Reprinted with permission from The Journal of Caldwell County Genealogical Society, Vol. XIX, No. 1, Winter 2010.

                              Membership Upgrades Recognized
              It is with a deep sense of gratitude that GSSI recognizes and publicly
              acknowledges those members who responded to the appeal to upgrade their
              memberships. By their generosity, GSSI will more effectively be able to continue
services to all members in these days of ever increasing postal and supply costs.
Thank you, one and all. (Benefactors not appearing this month by press time will appear
in the May edition of the newsletter)

   Maleta Fox
   Otto & Marie Klemm
   Cheryl Pagan
    Cynthia Trout Marasligiller

         C a r o l yn B e n i n g       Jefferson City, Missouri

Genealogy Society of Southern Illinois         29                                         Volume 38, Number 4 April 2010
             Udo Thorner's History of Lutheran Immigration from Venne, Germany
                                         to America
                                                     Book Review

In his preface to Venne in America, Udo Thoerner, historian and genealogist from Venne, Germany, explains
that he wanted to record stories about the so-called "little people [who] each singularly accomplished just as
much as so many [big] persons of history." The English edition of Venne in America was published in the fall
of 2008, nine months prior to Thoerner's untimely death at the age of 44 in July 2009. His life work celebrates
one village's mass migration of primarily the landless tenants, or Heuerlings, the 'little people" who made up
80% of the immigrants.

Utilizing private, church, and civil records in Germany and in the United States, Thoerner compiled a
comprehensive genealogical and historical study of the American migration of nearly 2000 from Venne and
its three farm settlements of Broxten, Niewedde, and Vorwalde in the Osnabriick region in the 19th century.
With over half of the immigrants settling in Indiana and Ohio, Thoerner concentrates on the immigrants' lives
in six additional destinations: Southern Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Thoerner's 323-page work is filled, with photos, charts, maps, and fascinating immigrant anecdotes. The
researcher details the causes of emigration, such as the end of the rural linen industry, the revolution in
1848, the famine years, and the marriage laws. In the section "The Voyage, II" Thoerner focuses on the
organization, financing, the emigration agents, and the difficulties of the emigration journey.

In "The Settlement," Thoerner details the colonizing history in immigrant villages of Venedy and Southern
Illinois; Pittsburgh and Allegheny City, Pennsylvania; Buffalo, New York; Cincinnati and the Black Swamp
settlements in Ohio; numerous settlements in Jackson County and throughout Indiana; Richfield, Iowa; and
51. Louis, Kansas City, and Holstein, Missouri. Throughout the book, Thoerner profiles the lives of numerous
individual immigrant families• their occupations, church and home life, illnesses and deaths, and reasons for
migration. The final section charts spouses, birth dates, immigration year, and destination for over 2000
emigrants, an invaluable aid for genealogists.

Reviewed by Dr. Adolf. Schroeder, Professor Emeritus German Studies, University of Missouri, Venn in
America is called a "valuable and welcome contribution to the history of German emigration to the United
States, providing unique insight into the economic, political, and social conditions in nineteenth century

See Thorne's website http://www.venne for additional information on the immigration and

History of Venne and a list of surnames. The website offers information

About the book and a full book review by Dr. Adolph Schroeder, University of Missouri.



Genealogy Society of Southern Illinois        30                                     Volume 38, Number 4 April 2010
                                             Member Queries
Clarence Cochran 618-687-4397
Query: Looking for information on Byford Sandusky, 1860-1950, Franklin County, Illinois.

Catherine VanTubbergen
Query: Looking for documentation Martha Hogan, b. 1818 d. 1873, TN. Martha Hogan is the daughter of John
H. Hogan (1971-1844) and Nancy McGregor (1791-1855) both of Stewart Co., TN. Martha married 1840 to
Tillman Gates Russell (1812-1856). Martha and Tillman died in Williamson Co., Illinois.

Penny R. Koch 4987 N. Splinter Rd North Platte, NE 69101
Query: Searching for information on Hibben(s) line. Also, for information on Cornelious Cootes b. 1816, m.
1842 Pope Co., Illinois to Irena/Arena B. Hibbins. She was b. 1818, both died by 1873. Children scattered.
Children: Mary M. (1850), Thomas D., (1853), James L. (1855), Cornelius W. (1857) John C. (1859), Albert
M. (1862) and living with them a Mary Shelby, (1848). All born in Pope Co., Illinois. Some married in White
Co., Illinois.

Charlene Strode Montgomery W7289 Becherer Dr. Minong, WI 54859 715 466-4842
Query: John Taylor (1858-1878) m. Kissann __________ 1823-1906 White Co. What is Kissan's last name and
who are her parents?

Debra Davis 8170 Goshen Road Edwardsville, IL 62025
Query: Looking for descendents of Louis (b. 1810) and Mariah Greensberry (b. 1825). Lived Grand Chaim in
the late 1800's.

Carolyn Bening
Query: Researching Matthias Reischauer (1811-1868) & wife Eva Marie Maur (b. 824) m. Kornthal Church,
1854. Their children & descendents.
Query: Jacob Schaeffer & Theresia Maur (1833-1905) m. Kornthal Church, 1854 and descendents.
Cynthia Trout Marasligiller 513 474-1988
Query: Would like to share info. concerning Marth Toutch Davis Adkinsson, b. abt. 1816 d. 13 April 1881
buried in Liberty Cem., in Hamilton Co., Illinois. She married first Wm. Maratin Davis on 17 April 1831 in
Gallatin Co., Illinois. She married 2nd Wm. Adkinsson. Her parents were probably Elijah Foutch (b. abt. 1782)
in Rutherford Co., NC d. abt. 1837 in Smith Co., TN) and Anna Dyer.


                         SATURDAY, 16 OCTOBER 2010
     Advance notice is given to all members, vendors and interested
   parties that the Annual GSSI Fall Conference and Book Fair will be
        held on the 3rd Saturday of October. Nationally acclaimed
      genealogist Ann Carter Fleming will be the featured speaker.
    Genealogy Society of Southern Illinois             31                            Volume 38, Number 4 April 2010
  Volume 38, No.4 - April 2010                                                           NON PROFIT ORGANIZATION
  Genealogy Society of Southern Illinois                                                 U. S. POSTAGE PAID
  c/o John A. Logan College                                                              CARTERVILLE, IL 62918
  700 Logan College Road                                                                 PERMIT NO. 23
  Carterville, IL 62918-2500


 DATE MAILED: 31 March 2010

            MEMBERSHIPS                                      MEETINGS                                 GSSI MEETINGS
  All memberships are for the calendar year     GSSI meetings are held on the second             (Second Sunday each month except
  (Jan 1— Dec 31).                              Sunday of the month in the Library of John
                  2010 Dues                                                                        June, July, August, & October)
                                                A. Logan College, Route 13 & Greenbriar
        Household -- $25
                                                Road, Carterville, IL beginning at 2:30 PM.
        Sustaining -- $35                                                                                   Sunday
                                                There are no meetings in July and
        Supporting — $50 or More
                                                August. The all-day Fall Conference and                  11 April 2010
  Please add $10 for mailing outside the U.S.
                                                Book Fair are held on a Saturday in                    Linda Blackman
  Make checks payable to:                       October. Please check the Newsletter for
      Genealogy Society of Southern             specific details of meetings.                             "Stonefort
       Illinois                                                                                       Railroad Museum"
                                                The Genealogy section of the John A.
  Mail to: GSSI                                 Logan College Library is open for research
       c/o John A. Logan College                on meeting days from noon to 4:30 PM.
       700 Logan College Dr.                                                                             8 May 2010
       Carterville, IL 62918-2500               GSSI Executive Board Meetings are held at
  Please enclose a SASE with                    1 PM on meeting days.                                   Open House
  correspondence requiring a reply.                                                                      At Cambria
                                                                                                      Storage Facility &
   SAGA OF SOUTHERN ILLINOIS                                 NEWSLETTER                                 Work Center
                                                Published monthly.
  Published quarterly.                          Queries may be submitted at no charge.                     1-3 p.m.
                                                Please send notices of family reunions, new
  Submissions of items of interest in the       book publications, items of interest to:                  Saturday
  southern 28 counties are welcome.
                                                     GSSI                                               5 June 2010
       SAGA Editor
       c/o John A. Logan
                                                     c/o John A. Logan                                Spring Workshop
       700 Logan College Drive
                                                     700 Logan College Drive                        Stonefort Community
                                                     Carterville, IL 62918-2500
       Carterville, IL 62918-2500                                                                          Center

Genealogy Society of Southern Illinois                           32                           Volume 38, Number 4— April 2010

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