The Fabulous Fifties

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The Fabulous Fifties Powered By Docstoc
					The Do It For The Kids Decade
 THE FIFTIES OPENED WITH AMERICAN MUSIC
  IN THE DOLDRUMS.
 THE BIG BANDS HAD DIAPPEARED, AND
  SMALLER GROUPS AND VOCALISTS SUFFERED
  HARD ECONOMIC TIMES.
 NOT UNTIL THE MID-FIFTIES WOULD POP
  MUSIC AGAIN EMERGE AS A MAJOR FORCE IN
  AMERICAN CULTURE, POWERED BY ROCK „N‟
  ROLL AND ITS YOUNG FANS.
 AT THE ONSET OF THE DECADE, THE PUBLIC
  ANNUALLY PURCHASED ABOUT 189 MILLION
  RECORDS.
 IN 1955 277 MILLION WERE SOLD.
 IN 1960 600 MILLION WERE SOLD.
 1950S TYPICAL RECORD BUYER WAS IN THEIR
  20S.
 BY THE END OF THE DECADE IT WAS THE
  TEENAGERS WHO BOUT 70% OF THE
  RECORDS.
 Cars become equipped with press buttons to
  help locate radio stations in 1952.
 The transistor radio is first marketed in 1954.
 1958 stereophonic records are available for
  purchase.
 DJs played only the most popular music and
  songs.
 The top 40 songs heard regularly on the
  radio.
 Until the end of the 1940s 78PM records
  dominated the market.
 1947 33 1/3 RPM introduced. Played record
  more slowly-huge success, but did not
  replace the 78.
 In 1949 the single or 45 RPM record was
  introduced. One song on each side.
 45s sold for 79 cents
 Sales of both 33 1/3 LPs and 45 singles would
  soar during the decade, but it took
  consumers a while to get used to the change.
 78rpm
 33   1/3 RPM
 45   RPM-Single
 Known  as “hi-fi”
 Dealt with the accurate reproduction of
  sound/provided the best possible playback.
   Male and female singers dominated the market in the 1950s.
   The Men
   A. Bing Crosby
   B. Frank Sinatra
   C. Eddie Fisher
   D. Johnny Mathis
   E. Mario Lanza
   The Women
   A. Theresa Brewer
   B. Doris Day
   C. Connie Francis
   D. Peggy Lee
   E. Jo Stafford
   F. Patti Page
 Vocalgroups had their moments on the
 charts:
 A. The Four Aces
 B. The Hilltoppers
 C. Ames Brothers
 D. The Four Lads
 E. The Crew Cuts
 F. The Andrews Sisters
 G. The McGuire Sisters
 BigBand of the thirties and forties die and
 the decade went on.
 Found    more popularity

 Hank    Williams

 Patsy   Cline
 He  charted eleven number one songs
  between 1948 and 1953.
 Unable to read or write music to any
  significant degree.
 His hits included “Your Cheating Heart",
  “Hey Good Lookin" and “I‟m So Lonesome I
  Could Cry".
 Williams died at age 29; his death is widely
  believed to have resulted from a mixture of
  alcohol and drugs.
 Father of Hank William Junior
   was an American country music singer who enjoyed pop music
    crossover success during the era of the Nashville sound in the late
    1950s and early 1960s.
   Since her death in 1963 at age 30 in a private airplane crash at
    the height of her career, she has been considered one of the most
    influential, successful, and acclaimed female vocalists of the
    20th century.
   Cline was best known for her rich tone and emotionally
    expressive bold contralto voice, which, along with her role as a
    mover and shaker in the country music industry, has been cited
    as an inspiration by many vocalists of various music genres. Her
    life and career have been the subject of numerous books,
    movies, documentaries, articles and stage plays.
   His include “Walking After Midnight” “Sweet Dreams” “I Fall To
    Pieces” “Crazy”
   Popularity soared after her death.
     in the decade became popular.
 Late
 However it was always on the fringes of
 popular music.

 The Weavers
 The Kingston Trio
 Rock  truly begins in 1954
 The group is responsible for introducing rock
  music.
 Bill Haley and His Comets.
 Slave Work Songs
 Black Spirituals
 Ragtime
 Jazz
 The Blues
 Bluegrass
 Folk Music (Country)
 Rock-n-Roll
 1950   #1

 Goodnight Irene
 Gordon Jenkins and the Weavers
 Too   Young




 Nat   King Cole
 Blue   Tango




Leroy Anderson
 The   Song From Moulin Rouge




 Percy   Faith
 (Pretty)   Kitty Kallen




 Little   Things Mean Alot
Perez Prado




   Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White
 Elvis   Presley




 Heartbreak        Hotel
 Elvis   Presley




 All   Shook Up
 Dominic   Modugo




 Volare
 Jimmy   Horton




 The   Battle of New Orleans
   The Ten Commandments-A spectacular
    epic made in 1956. The sixth highest
    grossing film of all time. $65,000,000
   Ben-Hur-The most spectacular of all the religious epics,
    this version starred Charlton Heston as the avenging
    Roman slave and featured a chariot race that took four
    months to rehearse and three months to produce.
    (1959).

   $90,000,000
   Lady and the Tramp (1955)

   $93,602,326
 Peter   Pan 1953



 $87,404,651
 Cinderella-1950




 $33,482,832
 Sleeping   Beauty (1959)




 $51,600,000
 Around   the World in Eighty Days (1956)




 $33,000,000
 South   Pacific (1958)

 $36,800,000
 From   Here to Eternity (1953)



 $30,500,000
 The   Robe-(1953)



 $36,000,000
 The   Greatest Show on Earth-1952



 $36,000,000
 Giant-(1956)




 $35,000,000
 1.   Teenage Rebellion Films
 2.   Three-Dimensional (3-D)
 3.   Religious Films
 4.   Historical Films
 5.   Westerns
 Thistype of entertainment became quite
  popular because it gave teens freedom.

 Itcombined two of teenagers favorite past
  times—cars and movies.
 She lived every girl‟s dream of glamour and
  stardom.
 Throughout her career she was stereotyped
  as a sex-symbol.
 Her personal life was a mess with failed
  marriages and affairs with John F. Kennedy
  and Robert F. Kennedy.
   1.   Gentleman Prefer Blondes
   2.   How to Marry a Millionaire
   3.   The Seven Year Itch
   4.   Some Like It Hot
 Dean  symbolized the rebellious teen to his
  legion of fans.
 He came across to his fans as cool, tough and
  a rebel, but was quiet and aloof in real life.
 He was killed in a car accident after filming
  the movie Giant.
.   Rebel With Out a Cause



    East of Eden



    Giant
 Thenumbers of televisions increase
 throughout the decade.
    There were three million televisions in the
     United States as of 1950.
    By 1952 that number had increased to ten
     million.
      of Shows: (The genres and popular
 Types
 shows of the decade).
   Your Show of Shows-Imogene Coca, Carl
    Reiner, Sid Caesar and Howard Morris.
    1950-54
   Your Show of Shows was a star vehicle to
    display the immense talents of Sid Caesar and
    Imogene Coca.
    Caesar could do it all and when partnered
    with Coca, his talent was presented to
    perfection. Among the characters they
    created together were Doris and Charlie
    Hickenlooper and Caesar alone is remembered
    for Progress Hornsby, Cool Cees, Somerset
    Winterset and Guiseppe Marinara
   The Honeymooners was really television's first spin-off. It first
    appeared in 1951 as a 12 minute sketch on "The Cavalcade of
    Stars" with Pert Kelton playing Alice. The Honeymooner sketch
    was immediately popular and Gleason took it on the road i 1952
    for live perfromances. The grueling schedule proved too much for
    Pert Kelton.
    In 1952 CBS bought the show from Dumont and renamed it the
    "Jackie Gleason Show." Audrey Meadows took over as Alice and
    Joyce Randolph came onboard as Trixie. The "Jackie Gleason
    Show" was an hour long variety show of which the Honeymoners
    was but a sketch and which also featured the June Taylor Dancers
    and the Ray Bloch Orchestra. (Gleason would marry June Taylor's
    sister Marilyn in 1975.)
    The hour format was tiring and so it was decided in 1955 to spin-
    off the Honeymooners and fill the other half hour with "Stage
    Show." These 39 episodes are the only ones in which the show
    stood on its own. All were filmed twice weekly before a live
    audience. The ratings weren't good and CBS dropped the show to
    return to a new version of the old variety "Jackie Gleason Show" .
    Then Gleason did "Jackie Gleason and His American Scene
    Magazine" which ran from 1962-1966.
   Call him Mr. Television or Uncle Miltie. In television's
    infancy, Tuesday belonged to Milton Berle.
    The Texaco Star Theater opened with these guys dressed
    like service station attendants singing "Oh, we're the men
    from Texaco, we work from Maine to Mexico."
    Out would come Berle dressed in some wacky costume,
    often in drag. Although there were all manner of guests
    and skits, Berle was the star attraction.
    The show switched sponsors over the years and formats,
    but Milton Berle reigned supreme throughout the Fifties.
    When they tried to bring him back in the mid-Sixties,
    however, the times had changed and Berle's brand of
    vaudevillian comedy was no longer popular.
   When asked on air by Jack Benny, what do you do on this
    show, Ed Sullivan replied, "I introduce the acts."
    He was awkward looking, had horrible posture, spoke with
    an odd accent, couldn't sing, dance or act and was on
    television for 23 years. Why? Ed Sullivan was one of the
    greatest showman who ever lived.
    Sunday nights the family gathered around the TV and
    watched Sullivan. We saw jugglers, opera, ballet, lions and
    tigers and bears, singers, comediennes, pupetteers and
    ventriliquists. As the Boomers got older, we wanted the
    plate spinning, tumbling, knife throwing to end fast so we
    could see the Rock stars.
    As so much is known and so much remembered, let's use
    this space to talk about what isn't widely known and to
    present the details!
   Weekday afternoons were spent with the kids in Philly, the kids on
    American Bandstand. I knew all their names. I knew when couples broke
    up. I imitated all the dance steps, sometimes with the refrigerator door
    as a partner. My mother thought I was nuts.
    To many of you, it was about the music and the artists. Forget that. I was
    a preteen, which is to say, I was a teenage wannabe. And, for me, the
    kids on Bandstand were all I aspired to be.
    Dancing was a major feature of Bandstand. The kids who showed up every
    day (Bandstand aired every weekday afternoon for the first six years)
    knew all the most popular steps. The Slop. The Hand Jive. The Bop. They
    even invented a few - the Stroll, the Circle and the Chalypso.
    These experienced Regulars considered an infrequent participant or a
    first time visitor "an amateur." I wonder what they would have thought
    about a kid in TV Land, practicing the new steps in front of her bedroom
    mirror and praying to God her little brother didn't catch her at it.
    Filmed in the cramped quarters of the WFIL Studios at 46th and Market
    Streets in Philly, Bandstand is such a part of Americana that Dick Clark's
    podium now resides in the Smithsonian.
 PerryComo was already a popular singer with
 an easy going style and a relaxed manner. His
 show never varied much over the years.
 Perry sang his hit songs. Big name guests sang
 their hit songs. The atmosphere was always
 warm and inviting.
 Everybig name in comedy or music appeared
 on this show which presented rotating hosts.
 Although thought of now as separate acts,
 Jerry Lewis and Dean Martin were a very hot
 pair until personality conflicts broke them up
 in 1956. Other alternating hosts included
 Abbott and Costello, Jimmy Durante, Bob
 Hope, Donald O'Connor, Eddie Cantor and
 Fred Allen.
 The regular performers presented the
 seven most popular songs of the week.
 The number one song came last after a
 big buildup. Expensive production
 numbers were incorporated to keep
 interest for songs that stayed on the
 charts for weeks.

 What was never mentioned, hmm, was
 that the people who supplied the Top
 Seven lists was none other than BBD&O,
 sponsor American Tobacco's ad agency!
   Dinah Shore was this lovely lady who was welcomed into
    American homes for over 25 years. She was also one of the
    first women to have her own show.
    She started in radio in the late Thirties, was recording by
    the Forties, and was on TV by the Fifties. Her first show
    (The Dinah Shore Show) was on twice weekly and filled the
    spot unfilled by the then 15 minute evening news.
    The custom back then was for a single sponsor to place
    their name upon a show and so her next venture was a
    variety show named The Dinah Shore Chevy Show.
    Ms. Shore used to end her show by singing, "See the USA in
    your Chevrolet" and then tossing the audience a big kiss.
   The Red Skelton Show began on radio in 1941 and was a success but
    television was the medium which best showcased the huge talents of Red
    Skelton. Radio didn't allow for Skelton to demonstrate his gift for
    pantomine and sight gags.
    The show always featured a guest star and some skits. Musical guests
    performed and one of the first TV appearances of the Rolling Stones was
    on Red Skelton.
    But it was for the wonderful characters Skelton created that people
    tuned in. Among those characters:
   Clem Kadiddlehopper
    Freddy Freeloader
    The Mean Widdle Kid
    Sheriff Deadeye
    Willy Lump Lump
    Cauliflower McPugg
    Bolivar Shagnasty
    San Fernando Red


    Skelton always closed his show with "God Bless."
   Ted Mack's talent show made the rounds to all
    four networks over time.

    As far back as 1934, Major Bowes' Original
    Amateur Hour was a hit on radio. In 1946, Ted
    Mack who had previously supervised the
    auditions, took over. When the show first went
    over to TV, it was still named for Major Bowes.

    A zillion acts apeared on the show but
    surprisingly few became big names. The way the
    show worked was you sent in a postcard to vote
    for your favorite.
   Gunsmoke

   Not only was Gunsmoke (1955-1975) TV's longest running
    Western, it was also television's longest running prime-
    time series with continuing characters. In total, 233 half-
    hour episodes and 400 hour episodes were filmed.
    Gunsmoke took the #1 rating in the 1957-1958 season - a
    slot it held thru four more years. Although it had some
    slump years, by the 1967-1968 season it regained space in
    the Nielson Top Ten which it held for another 6 years. Color
    broadcasts began in 1966.
    Gunsmoke began on radio in 1952 with William Conrad
    reading the part of Matt Dillon.
   Paladin (Richard Boone) is a West Point educated gentleman with a taste for fine
    wines and foods. Based at the Hotel Carlton in San Francisco, he was a man for
    hire.
    Paladin would do anything for those in serious need. He read the newspapers
    from across the country and sometimes sent his calling card to those he felt
    might use his services as gunfighter, bodyguard or anything else that his skills
    could accomodate. His fee to those who could pay was $1,000.
    While at the hotel, he dressed the dandy. But for work, he was a man in black.
    He carried a Colt .45 revolver in a holster with a white knight (the Paladin) on it
    and a small derringer under his gunbelt.
    Kam Tong, who usually delivered the message from a potential client, was
    replaced by Lisa Lu as Hey Girl for one season ('60-'61) because Tong had a more
    substantial role in the show The Garland Touch. He returned to HGWT when
    Garland failed.
    Richard Boone exercised a lot of creative control on this show and his
    judgements paid off. HGWT ranked in the Top 4 shows for four years running -
    and for three of them, it placed #3 behind Wagon Train and Gunsmoke.
    Gene Rodenberry polished his writing skills on this show!
   Wagon Train first rolled on the air on September 18, 1957
    to begin an eight year run which would eventually place
    the TV show in the number one spot in the Nielson ratings.

    Unlike other shows in the Western genre, Wagon Train
    attracted big name guest stars whose stories were told
    across the panorama of the American western expansion in
    the post Civil War period. Each episode was titled around
    the story of a passenger on "the train."
   As we all know, there was a real Wyatt Earp. The TV show
    followed some elements of his life, but was liberal with the
    details.
    This Wyatt starts out in Ellsworth, Kansas. It is here that Ned
    Buntline gives him the oversized weapon, a .45 with an extra
    long barrel. Called a "Buntline special" it packs a heck of a wallop
    and give the Marshal the extra range to drop bad guys, of which
    there is a never ending supply.
    By the second season, Wyatt moves on to Dodge City. Yes, I know
    that Matt Dillon was marshal in Dodge on Gunsmoke. But that was
    Saturday night and this was Tuesday and besides it's TV. So live
    with it.
    By 1959, Wyatt moved again to Tombstone. You just had to
    figure, sooner or later, he'd get to Tombstone and the O.K.
    Corral. In a five part series finale, Wyatt's brothers Morgan and
    Virgil, along with Doc Holliday, succeed in dropping the Clanton
    Gang in the gunfight at the O.K. Corral.

    The Cartwright's thousand-square-mile Ponderosa Ranch is located near Virginia City,
    Nevada, site of the Comstock Silver Lode. The name, Ponderosa, comes from the
    many ponderosa pines growing on the ranch. Ben Cartwright (Lorne Greene) was the
    quintessential father figure. Eldest son Adam (Pernell Roberts) was the smart one.
    Hoss (Dan Blocker) was the gentle giant. The youngest, Little Joe (Michael Landon)
    was the firebrand.
    As told in flashback, life with Ben must have been tough because none of his wives
    survived it. Adam was born in New England and his mother was Elizabeth, who died
    in childbirth. Hoss' mother Inger was killed by Indians. She was Scandinavian and
    Hoss means "good luck" in Norwegian. Little Joe's mother, Marie, was a woman Ben
    met in New Orleans and she died from a fall from a horse. (see trivia box below)
    Over time, Lorne Greene came to have more influence over scripts. He was a
    serious pacifist, so the show's level of rough action decreased as his power
    increased. As a consequence, Bonanza was less violent than other Westerns. In Star
    Trek terms, Ben Cartwright was more Jean Luc Picard than James Kirk. He talked
    first, shot second.
    Pernell Roberts left the show in 1965, which most thought was a loss. David Canary
    was added as ranch hand Candy. During the summer hiatus of 1972, Dan Blocker
    suddenly died.
   Lucas McCain (Chuck Connors) was a widowed rancher
    living outside of North Fork, New Mexico and trying to
    raise his young son, Mark (Johnny Crawford). Although how
    he had time to ranch is a mystery as he was always in town
    confronting a desperado.
    McCain's specialty was his skill with his rifle, a specially
    modified Winchester with a large ring that cocked it as he
    drew. Supposedly, he could fire within 3/10 of a second.
    Now that's fast.
    The first season was the best. In retropsect this series was
    somewhat darker than other Westerns. As time passed
    Lucas got a bit preachy. Always moralizing about
    something.
   These guys operated a lot like Robin Hood. Although the
    law regarded them as desperados, they defended the weak
    and helpless. One of the reasons for this show's longevity
    in syndication was the early decision to film in color.

    Their signature signoff was "Oh, Cisco" and "Oh, Poncho" as
    they rode off into the sunset.
   Cheyenne wandered the West trying to avoid trouble but with
    little success. Although it is hard to understand who would mess
    with the 6'6'' Clint Walker. Producers quickly realized Walker's
    hunk value and his shirt came off in an astonishing number of
    episodes.
    In the first season he had a sidekick, a mapmaker named Smitty
    (L.Q. Jones) but the character was dropped in the second season.
    The filmography is convoluted as Cheyenne was part of Warner
    Brothers Presents, a rotation of series. (See below). Further
    complicating the lineup was Walker's conflict with the studio.
    Reportedly, Warner's wanted a huge piece of Walker's PA (public
    appearance) money. So in 1958 Walker left the show while Ty
    Hardin carried on. By 1959 they had resolved their differences,
    and Walker returned
   television series that ran from 1959 to 1963 on the American
    Broadcasting Company. Based on the memoir of the same name
    by Eliot Ness and Oscar Fraley, it dealt with the experiences of
    Eliot Ness, a United States Justice Department agent, as he
    fought crime in Chicago in the 1930s with the help of a special
    team of agents handpicked for their incorruptibility, nicknamed
    the Untouchables. It was remade into a 1987 film by Brian De
    Palma with a script by David Mamet.
   A police show which featured Borderick Crawford as
    Captain Dan Matthews. For an officer of his rank, he spent
    a lot of time in patrol car barking "10-4 10-4." Highway
    Patrol had a great appeal for young guys as it had great car
    chases.
   I'm amazed that Lassie pulled off those weekly feats of derring-do. How
    confusing it must have been. First, they kept calling "Lassie, come here,
    girl" when the dog was, in fact, a male. Actually, six of them all trained
    by Rudd Weatherwax.
    Then, just when Lassie would get used to one family's little quirks, along
    would come another. Only Doc Weaver (Arthur Space) and Lassie survived
    from one family to the next.
    Lassie's first family was Jeff Miller (Tommy Rettig), his widowed mother
    Ellen Miller (Jan Clayton) and Gramps (George Cleveland.)
    The Millers moved to the city and left Lassie with his second family.
    Timmy (Jon Provost) as Timmy Martin must have been as confused as
    Lassie because after the first year, his parents morphed from Cloris
    Leachman to June Lockhart as Ruth Martin, and Jon Shepodd to Hugh
    Reilly as Paul Martin.
    Then, the Martins moved to Australia where they quarantine dogs
    entering the country. So Lassie lives with a couple of forest rangers. Now
    off the farm he has a broader base of people to save and in the final
    seasons, he didn't need an owner at all. Hey, he never did.
   Erle Stanley Gardner wrote the original Perry Mason books and formed a company,
    Paisano Productions for the TV version of his character. Although he didn't write the
    scripts, he had approval and stacked the production team with real lawyers to keep
    things interesting.
    The formula was consistent. Perry Mason (Raymond Burr) got a new client and the
    first half hour was about the crime. Paul Drake (William Hopper) was sent out to
    investigate but rarely found anything close to a smoking gun until the trial had
    begun.
    Perry was assisted by his able and loyal secretary, Della Street (Barbara Hale).
    His principle adversary was District Attorney Hamilton Burger (William Talman). Hard
    as Burger tried, he couldn't beat Perry. Talman did not appear in every episode and
    missed the 1960-1961 season due to a problem he had with police after a Hollywood
    party where the partygoers were reportedly nude and stoned. Although CBS fired
    him, Raymond Burr fought for and got his reinstatement.
    In most episodes, the real guilty party broke down under Mason's grilling cross-
    examination. Or blurted it out from the spectator's gallery. Then Perry, Della and
    Paul would recap the case, just in case we hadn't figured it out.
    The heavy load the show placed upon Burr's shoulders began to take its toll on the
    actor. The long hours forced him to live at the studio in an apartment they made for
    him. The many lines of dialogue became impossible to memorize and he read his
    lines off a teleprompter.
 Filmed  entirely in England at Nettlefold
 Studios, Walton-on-Thames which accounted
 for its quality. A Western set in Merry 'Ole
 England. You know the tale._
   Out of the clear blue of the western sky comes Sky King
    Sky King was a former military pilot who used his airplane to patrol the
    skies of his Flying Crown ranch and neighboring areas. He was frequently
    called upon to rescue someone in distress.
    Sky King was mainly a kid's show from the early Fifties, but Sky King was
    shown in reruns for many years which is why you recall this as appearing
    later.
    One thing is certain. We all watched Sky King and we all wanted to be
    pilots.
    Penny was Sky King's niece, but yes, in earlier episodes he also had a
    nephew, Clipper. In the earlier episodes, Sky King's plane was a Cessna T-
    50 twin-engine "Bamboo Bomber." The more familiar plane was Songbird,
    a Cessna 310B
   In the mid-1800s, the Wells Fargo stage line was the
    primary connection between the East and West coasts of
    the U.S. Jim Hardie (Dale Robertson) was a troubleshooter
    for Wells Fargo who protected both people and cargo.
    In the final season, they expanded the show to an hour and
    rooted Hardie to a ranch near San Francisco. Additional
    cast members were added. Although Hardie still worked
    for Wells Fargo, life that final season on the ranch wasn't
    nearly as exciting.
   A fiery horse with the speed of light, a cloud of dust and a hearty
    'Hi-Yo Silver!' The Lone Ranger. With his faithfil companion Tonto,
    the daring and resourceful masked manof the plains led the fight
    for law and order in the early West. Return with us now to those
    thrilling days of yesteryear." The Lone Ranger rides again! "
    Who was that masked man? John Reid was a Texas Ranger who
    was injured in an ambush by the Butch Cavendish Hole in the
    Wall Gang. He was nursed back to health by Tonto, who had been
    a childhood friend and would remain the Lone Ranger's constant
    companion.
    The Lone Ranger got his money from a secret silver mine he
    owned. It was run by Jim Blaine (Ralph Littlefield).The mine was
    also the source of his trademark, silver bullets.
   They lived at the Double R Bar Ranch outside of Mineral City in
    modern times. The show was mostly kid stuff and predates the so
    called "adult" Westerns like Gunsmoke and Wagon Train. Gene
    Autry was his main competitor.

    Roy Rogers took a successful movie career and moved it to the
    little screen of TV. Rogers, whose real name was Leonard Slye
    and who was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, had become known as the
    King of the Cowboys. He was one of the first to see the potential
    of TV and zealously guarded the show to insure success. He sued
    the network to prohibit exhibition of his movies in competition
    with the TV show and won.
   The Adventures of Superman 1952-58
   The storyline of the Man of Steel is known to all.
    Beginning as a comic written by teens in 1938,
    through radio in 1940 (Bud Collyer played
    Superman), as feature length cartoons from 1941
    to 1943, to 15 movie serials in 1948 and 1950 (Kirk
    Alyn as Superman), then to the big screen in 1951
    as Superman and the Mole Men with George Reeves
    in the lead, the Man of Steel grew in popularity.
    Television propelled mild-mannered Clark Kent and
    his alter ego Superman into millions of American
    homes. After that we all knew that Kryptonite was
    a really bad thing and that Superman must have
    had a problem with doors as he usually crashed
    through a wall to enter a room.
   Dragnet was pure Jack Webb. He owned a piece, he directed most
    episodes and he starred as Sergeant Joe Friday (later promoted to
    Lieutenant.) He insisted on realism as he would with later shows like
    Adam 12 and Emergency.
    There was lots of cop jargon and supposedly, each show was based on an
    actual case. At the end of the show, you got to know what happened to
    the bad guys.
    Joe Friday was a serious Los Angeles cop who as a consequence was, well,
    dull. Once or twice he had a love interest but they never lasted past
    THAT episode. Joe Friday was all business - cop business. He spoke in a
    monotone, "It was 9:35 PM and we were working the night shift out of
    robbery...)
    He ran through a few partners until he settled on Ofiicer Frank Smith
    (Ben Alexander) who at least provided a laugh here and there. He stuck
    for the full first run.
   Burns and Allen-1950-58
   Unquestionably, one of the most talented pairs in show
    business history. Deadpan George Burns and scatterbrained
    Gracie Allen. Of note, Gracie never saw herself as a
    comediene, but rather as an actress. Well, you could have
    fooled us. Gracie would get into all these situations, and then
    George would just turn to the camera and calmly explain.
    There were a bunch of actors playing Harry Morton, husband
    of Gracie's best friend and neighbor, Blanche. When Fred Clark
    left the role, George Burns just told the audience it was
    because he wanted too much money!
    Gracie Allen retired in 1958 and George tried it on his own but
    it just wasn't the same. Burns got coaxed back to TV briefly in
    1985 to host The George Burns Comedy Hour. He was nearly 90
    at the time!
    What is best remembered is the closing.
    Burns: "Say Good-night Gracie!"
    Allen: "Good-night Gracie"
   The story was based on Danny Thomas' real life as a working,
    travelling comedy actor.

    In 1956 Jean Hagen quit the show and so Thomas killed off the
    character of his wife. For the next season he was a bachelor,
    courting various ladies. Then he falls for Kathy, a widowed
    Irish nurse with a daughter Linda.
   The Stone family lived in Hilldale. Alex (Carl Betz) was a
    pediatrician who had his office in the house. Donna (Donna Reed)
    and Alex had been married for 15 years when the show began and
    they had two kids, Mary (Shelley Fabares), who was three years
    older, and Jeff (Paul Petersen).
    Mary goes off to college in 1962 and Jeff followed two season
    later. Paul Petersen's real life sister, Patty joins the cast as Trish,
    an eight year old orphan who wants to live with the Stones and
    gets her wish.
   Lucille Ball was a pathfinder who paved the way for all the women in
    TV to follow. Without Lucy, arguably, there might not have been a
    Carol Burnett or Mary Tyler Moore.
    She proved women could be the leads and carry a show. Not one show,
    but several.
    She was the first female head of a studio. While running Desilu, her
    willingness to take a risk lead her to approve production of Mission
    Impossible and Star Trek. That's right, without Lucille Ball, no Captain
    Kirk.
    She was a woman who didn't mind looking funny, as long as she WAS
    funny.
    None of which takes away from Desi Arnaz's estimable talents as a
    producer. His "can do" attitude made the "I Love Lucy Show" work. He
    innovated the three camera filming format still in use today.
    Previously, shows like this were performed before a live audience and
    preserved on kinescope which makes poor copies. Desi's filiming of
    Lucy is the reason there are great copies today.
    For the "I Love Lucy Show" the casting of William Frawley and the then
    unknown Vivian Vance was sheer genius. Although Vance was often
    unhappy to be playing the frumpy wife of a man who was 22 years her
    senior, she would stick with Lucille Ball into the "Lucille Ball Show"
    and "Here's Lucy."
   Leave it to Beaver contributed to the notion of the perfect Fifties family. Parents
    never raised their voices or were too busy for the kids. Dad didn't work late.
    Mom, well, poor Mom seemed obliged to remain perfectly coifed and dressed
    regardless of task. Dusting, vacuuming, cooking. No matter. She always had a dress
    and her heels on. What they never showed was Mom ironing which must have been a
    daily ordeal to keep all those nice outifts pressed.
    A life crisis consisted of a lost report card or failure to eat your vegetables.
    Still, we watched. Amused by the comings and goings of the Cleaver family and I
    suspect, wishing our own families could be as perfect as the Cleavers.
    Ward (Hugh Beaumont) was an accountant and they lived at 211 Pine Street in
    Mayfield. At the start, Beaver (Jerry Mather) was in the second grade and his
    brother Wally (Tony Dow) was in the eighth.
    Eventually Wally moves on the Mayfield High School and becomes captain of the
    football team. Beaver never seems to mature.
    Eddie Haskell (Ken Osmond), who called Beaver "Squirt," was my favorite of Wally's
    friends. A kid who sucked up to parents and two timed you behind your back. A kid
    you loved to hate.
   Father Knows Best was the ideal. That was the family we all wanted and
    no one got. Role models are a good thing, but sometimes I wonder if all
    those perfect people don't set the bar too high and ultimately leave
    people feeling cheated somehow.
    Robert Young never raised his voice, lost patience or did stupid things. He
    came home and traded his suit coat for a sweater and proceeded to
    dispense wisdom.
    To the show's credit, Mom (Jane Wyatt) wasn't an airhead. She did her
    fair share to reconcile problems.
    Amazingly, when the show first aired, it was a flop, probably because of
    its 10 PM time slot and too few kids still awake to watch. So CBS
    cancelled it in March of 1955. Viewers wrote in which caught NBC's
    attention. They picked the show up and moved it to a new time (8:30 PM)
    and Father Knows Best was a success. That perked CBS up and the
    following season, they got the show back!
    In 1960 Robert Young had had enough of playing the good dad and he
    decided to leave the show, of which he owned part. That did it for
    original shows. But the show was so popular that for the next three years
    the showed reruns, first on CBS and then on ABC.
   Serious banker Cosmo Topper (Leo G. Carroll) and his wife Henrietta (Lee Patrick)
    move into a new home. Much to Cosmo's dismay, the house is haunted by the
    previous owners, George (Robert Sterling) and Marion Kirby (Anne Jeffreys). Worse,
    only Topper could see or hear them.
    The Kerbys had died in a skiing accident on their fifth wedding anniversary. Their
    beloved St Bernard dog Neil (Buck) had tried to rescue them and lost his life in the
    attempt. Poor Neil had developed a drinking problem with a preference for brandy.
    The Kerby's were fun people and they could get away with anything they wanted.
    Topper's life would have been very boring without them.
    Anne Jeffreys and Robert Sterling were married in real life.
   Dobie Gillis (Dwayne Hickman) was an average teen. He
    thought about money, cars and girls. He wished he had
    more of all three.
    Dobie's best friend was Maynard G. Krebs (Bob Denver), a
    beatnik who shuttered at the word "work."
    Dobie's father was a grocer, an honorable profession, but
    Dobie always felt that the "rich guys" got the girls. First it
    was Milton Armitage played by a young Warren Beatty.
    Later it was Chatsworth Osborne Jr. (Steve Franken) who
    struttted his stuff.
    Zelda Gilroy (Sheila James Kuehl) saw Dobie as her future.
    But Zelda was none of the things Dobie wanted. Now
    Thalia Menniger (Tuesday Weld) was another story, except
    that she was unattainable.
    The show began and ended with Dobie contemplating life
    under a statue of Rodin's "the Thinker

   For 14 years we watched Ozzie, in his alpaca cardigan and
    Harriet, with her ever ready pot of coffee and a plate of
    brownies. Boomers grew up with Ricky and David.
    When asked if this was a realistic view of family life, the answer
    is a resounding no. Their idea of a life crisis was having two
    chairs mistakenly delivered to the house.
    Speaking of the house at 522 Sycamore Road, Hilldale, the set
    was an exact replica of their real life home in Hollywood.
    If you remember all those scenes in the kitchen, that's because
    up until 1956, Hotpoint, the sponsor, was displaying their
    products! After that, you probably recall more outdoors scenes.
    Did you notice the cameras around everyone's necks? Yup, Kodak
    became the sole sponsor.
    Ozzie was producer, director and head writer. In short, he had
    control.
   The $64,000 Question
   1955 - 1958
    30 minutes
    Black and White
    Hal March, host
    One of the game shows rightly swept into the Quiz Show scandals.
    Why? Because producers and sponsors tampered with the results.
    Contestants entered an isolation booth and "struggled" to answer the
    most arcane questions in their personally chosen category.
    Unbeknownst to the viewers and (some of the players) the producers
    had already provided answers to the more charismatic contestants. If
    a contestant was likeable, the viewer was more apt to tune in next
    week to follow their progress.
    Interestingly, one contestant preselected by the producers to fail
    actually succeeded in going all the way to the big prize. Her name -
    Dr. Joyce Brothers. The subject - prize fighting. Needing the money,
    she studied for three months before the show and was unstoppable.
 I've Got A Secret
 Mark Goodson - Bill Todman Production
  1952 - 1967
  30 minutes
  Black and White 1952-1966
  Garry Moore, host
  Panelists included Bill Cullen, Jayne
  Meadows, Henry Morgan, Gary Moore,
  Kitty Carlisle and Betsy Palmer
  This show was played strictly for laughs.
 Price is Right
 30 minutes
  1956 - 1965
  Black and White/Color
  Bill Cullen, host
  Don Pardo, Announcer
  Toni Wallace, June Fergusen, Models
    Before the venerable Bob Barker took the reins,
    Bill Cullen hosted the Price is Right. Popular and
    sought after as a host and panelist, Cullen was a
    regular on a couple of networks at the same
    time. Between radio and TV he has been on 25
    game shows. No scandal has ever been
    associated with Bill Cullen.
   This is Your Life
   1952-1961
    30 minutes
    Black and White
    Ralph Edwards, host
    This was like a surprise party for the guests, who'd be
    reunited with people from their pasts. The guest was lured
    to the show under a pretext and then Edwards would
    exclaim, "This is Your Life!" Sometimes the honoree was a
    famous person and other times a worthy one. Celebs
    appearing as guests or honorees included Bob Hope, Stan
    Laurel and Oliver Hardy, Bette Davis and Jack Benny. Most
    took it in good humor. Except Lowell Thomas, who flatly
    refused - on camera and live - to participate. Never let a
    smile pass his lips.
   5. To Tell The TruthMark Goodson - Bill Todman
    Production
    1956-1968
    30 minutes
    Black and White/Color
    Bud Collyer, host
    Panelists included Kitty Carlisle, Orson Bean, Polly Bergen,
    Tom Poston, Peggy Cass, Bill Cullen, and Don Ameche
    Polly Bergen, Kitty Carlisle, Tom Poston Each contestant
    claimed to be the same person and panelists had to guess
    which one was telling the truth. The phony claimants could
    lie but the actual person had "to tell the truth" when
    questioned. At the conclusion of the show, Collyer would
    say, "would the real ________ please stand up."
   6. What's My Line Mark Goodson - Bill Todman Production
    30 minutes
    1950 - 1967
    Black and White 1950- 1966
    John Daly, host
    Panelists included Arlene Francis, Steve Allen, Bennett
    Cerf, Fred Allen, Tony Randall and Dorothy Kilgallen.
    Arlene Francis, Dorothy Kilgallen, Bennett Cerf A panel of
    four celebrities tried to guess the occupation of the guest
    by asking a series of yes or no questions. The guest got $5
    for each "no" answer.
    Panelists were blindfolded for the weekly mystery guest
    who was a celebrity. Some famous folks who dropped by:
    Warren Beartty, James Cagney, Bette Davis, Ty Cobb,Walt
    Disney, Ronald Reagan, Alfred Hitchock and Elizabeth
    Taylor.
   Captain Kangaroo-1955-84
   Captain Kangaroo taught us good manners, respect and fair play. Mr. Green
    Jeans taught us to be nice to animals. We learned a lot from that show and
    had fun doing it.
    Bob Keeshan first came to attention as Clarabell the Clown on Howdy Doody
    He had been a page at NBC in the early days of TV and was asked to do odd
    jobs on the show. But they decided it looked bad to have a page running
    about the set, so they gave him a clown costume. He got paid so little that
    Buffalo Bob Smith used to slip him $5 after every show.
    Just as well that he left Clarabell behind because Keeshan was born to be
    Captain Kangaroo. His easy manner and quiet morality made parents trust
    him and kids love him.
    Keeshan had high standards for the show. In a time when advertisers wielded
    heavy influence, Keeshan stood fast against any ads which he felt were
    inappropriate for children. No cast members ever delivered commercials and
    he was one of the first to insert "bumpers", those announcements that
    separate the show from the ad.
    Mr. Green Jeans (Hugh Brannum) would bring live animals on the show and
    we'd learn their habits. He was something of an inventor too.
    Tom Terrific with his sidekick, Mighty Manfred the Wonder Dog, was a
    popular serialized feature. Tom could turn himself into anything! Cool!
    Briefly, they gave Tom his own show but he is best remembered as part of
    Captain Kangaroo.
   Although the Mickey Mouse Club TV series premiered on
    October 3, 1955, the Mouseketeers made their first
    television appearance on July 17, 1955 - on the ABC
    broadcast special celebrating the opening of Disneyland.
    Walt Disney was adamant that the Mouseketeers be regular
    kids, not actors. Producers searched schools looking for
    kids with that special spark.
    The Mousketeers went to school 5 days a week on the
    Disney lot. Not only did they work 6 days but Sundays were
    often spent performing for the public. Being a Mousketeer
    wasn't easy.
    The Mousketeers became close friends and remain so to
    this day.
 Seen Monday through Friday, the Ding
 Dong School was one of the first
 educational shows for kids. It pioneered
 the style later used by Mr. Rogers and
 others. Our "teacher" was Dr. Frances
 Horwich, who was head of the Education
 Department at Roosevelt College in
 Chicago. But we knew her as "Miss
 Francis."
 The opening sequence was a hand ringing
 a bell. This prompted producer Reinald
 Werrenrath's three year old daughter to
 give the show it's name!
 Golf:   Ben Hogan
   The win at Carnoustie was but a part of Hogan's
    watershed 1953 season, in which he won five of the six
    tournaments he entered and the first three major
    championships of the year (a feat known as the "Hogan
    Slam". It still stands among the greatest single seasons in
    the history of professional golf. Hogan was unable to
    enter — and possibly win — the 1953 PGA Championship
    (to complete the Grand Slam) because its play (July 1-7)
    overlapped the play of the British Open at Carnoustie
    (July 6-10), which he won. His nine career professional
    Major Championships tie him (with Gary Player) for
    fourth all-time, trailing only Jack Nicklaus (18), Tiger
    Woods (12) and Walter Hagen (11).
   Broke down the golf swing.
 Campanella played for the Brooklyn Dodgers
  (now the Los Angeles Dodgers) from 1948 to
  1957, as their regular catcher. In 1948, he had
  three different uniform numbers (33, 39, and
  56) before settling down to number 39 for the
  rest of his career.
 His first game was on April 20, 1948.
 He played in the All-Star Game every year from
  1949 to 1956.
 He received the Most Valuable Player (MVP)
  award in the National League three times: in
  1951, 1953, and 1955. He was in tenth place
  in the MVP voting in 1952.
   Willie Mays, the "Say Hey Kid," played with
    enthusiasm and exuberance while excelling in all
    phases of the game - hitting for average and
    power, fielding, throwing and base running. His
    staggering career statistics include 3,283 hits
    and 660 home runs. The Giants' superstar earned
    National League Rookie of the Year honors in
    1951 and two MVP awards. He accumulated 12
    Gold Gloves, played in a record-tying 24 All-Star
    games and participated in four World Series. His
    catch of Vic Wertz's deep fly in the '54 Series
    remains one of baseball's most memorable
    moments.
 Exhibiting an understated style that
 became his trademark, Hank Aaron
 became the all-time home run champion
 via one of the most consistent offensive
 careers in baseball history. In addition
 to his 755 home runs, he also holds the
 major league record for total bases,
 extra-base hits and RBI. Aaron was
 named the 1957 National League MVP,
 won three Gold Gloves for his play in
 right field and was named to a record
 24 All-Star squads.
   Mickey Mantle was a star from the start,
    parlaying a talent for the game and boyish good
    looks into iconic status. In spite of a series of
    devastating injuries, Mantle accumulated a long
    list of impressive accomplishments, finishing his
    18-year career with 536 home runs and a .298
    batting average. The switch-hitting "Commerce
    Comet" won three MVP awards (1956, ‟57, ‟62)
    and a Triple Crown (1956). He contributed to 12
    pennants and seven World Series titles in his first
    14 seasons, while establishing numerous World
    Series records, including most home runs (18).
   NBA desegregates
       Bill Russell
   To acquire Russell, the Celtics' Red Auerbach traded Ed Macauley and
    Cliff Hagan to the St. Louis Hawks, who had selected Russell with the
    No. 2 pick in the draft. Then Boston had to wait until Russell was
    finished leading the United States to a gold medal in the 1956
    Olympics, which ran until December in Melbourne. Once he returned
    home, Russell signed a one-year, $19,500 contract with Boston.
   Russell established his rebounding prowess right away, averaging 19.6
    per game, and helped the Celtics win their first NBA title.
   That championship might have been the first of 10 in a row for Boston
    if Russell, the 1957-58 MVP, had not sprained his ankle in Game 3 of
    the 1958 Finals. When the Hawks won the title in six games, it marked
    the last time someone other than Boston would win the championship
    until 1967.
   The rivalry with Chamberlain began Nov. 7, 1959, at Boston Garden.
    Chamberlain outscored Russell 30-22, Russell outrebounded
    Chamberlain 35-28, and the Celtics beat the Philadelphia Warriors
    115-106.
   Against Russell, Chamberlain won the battles, becoming the first to
    win MVP and Rookie of the Year honors the same season. But Russell
    and the Celtics won the first of eight consecutive championship wars.
 Tennis
 Althea  Gibson
 was an American sportswoman who, on
  August 22, 1950, became the first African-
  American woman to be a competitor on the
  world tennis tour. She is sometimes referred
  to as "the Jackie Robinson of tennis" for
  breaking the "color barrier".
   Maureen Conley
   was an American tennis player who was
    the first woman to win the Grand Slam.
 Rocky   Marciano
 was an Italian-American boxer Rocky was
  the World Heavyweight Boxing Champion
  from September 23, 1952, to November
  30, 1956. Marciano was one of very few
  champion boxers in the history of the
  sport to retire with a perfect winning
  record. He is considered to be one of the
  greatest heavyweights of all time. The
  title of the movie Rocky was inspired by
  this fighter
 Guns  and holsters
 Frisbee
 Hula-hoop
 Etch a sketch
 LEGOS
 Coon Skin Caps
   Mr. Potato Head
   Tang
   The Portable Dishwasher
   Frozen Pizza
   The Electric Guitar
   Split-level-homes
   Swanson TV Dinners
   Neutrogena Soap
   Saran Wrap
   Tupperware
   The Volkswagen Beetle
    Denny‟s
   International House of Pancakes
   Little Caesar‟s Pizza
   Dunkin Doughnuts
   Kentucky Fried Chicken
   Burger King
   Pizza Hut
   Fizzies
   Chunky Candy Bars
 Brown  v. the Board of Education of Topeka
  Kansas-desegregated schools.
 Rosa Parks
 Montgomery Bus Boycott
   The Rosenberg Spy Case
    Dwight Eisenhower becomes President in
    1952 and again in 1956.
   Hurricane Diane
   Sputnik I
   Panty Raids
   Rat Pack
   bop, stroll( line dance), swing, hully gully
   beatnik-a person who was cool and rejected by
    mainstream society.
   cat-a cool guy
   chick-a cool girl
   cool-expression of approval
   square-uncool
   squaresville-place where an uncool person came from.
   cooties-a curse carried by a social outcast.
   first base-kissing
   knuckle sandwich-a punch in the face
   passion pit-the drive-in.
   turf-territory controlled by a youth gang.
   cherry-a beautifully restored car.
   The Fashion of teens in the 50s compare with the
    fashion of teens today: The fashion of the 50's much more
    conservative, although there was some loosening growth of
    style and color that began with rock and roll around 1956.
    But this was a very slow process with "mainstream"
    America throughout 1956- 1959. Some areas in which 50's
    clothing was conservative.....1.color: plaids, less colors
    and mostly the true colors 2. lengths were longer below
    the knee. Actually, girls skirt lengths were monitored
    (measured) at school.. Showed less of the bodies skin...no
    midriff showing.. 3. less style choices. 4. shoes: color
    mostly black or white. Teens wore their dress shoes to
    school. Girls wore flats.. 5. Teen girls wore dress or skirt
    and blouse or sweater, boys nice buttoned shirt and nice
    pants - although jeans (and a nice buttoned shirt) became
    ok in the 50s
 Men‟s Fashions:
 the gray flannel suit.
 Sincere neckties (skinny)
 Hawaiian Shirts
 Bermuda shorts
   Lucille Ball
   Milton Berle
   Dwight Eisenhower
   Joseph McCarthy
   Jonas Salk
   Dr. Seuss
   Frosty the Snowman
   popular Christmas song written by Steve "Jack"
    Rollins and Steve Nelson in 1950. It was written after
    Gene Autry recorded "Rudolph the Red-Nosed
    Reindeer" and the single sold 2 million copies. Rollins
    and Nelson shipped the new song to Autry, who
    recorded "Frosty" in search of another seasonal hit.
    Like "Rudolph", "Frosty" was subsequently adapted to
    other media including a popular television special.
   Mad Magazine
   Mad is an American humor magazine founded by publisher
    William Gaines and editor Harvey Kurtzman in 1952.
   Peanuts
   was a syndicated daily comic strip written and illustrated
    by Charles M. Schulz, which ran from October 2, 1950 to
    the day after Schulz's death, February 13, 2000. The strip
    was one of the most popular and influential in the history
    of the medium. At its peak Peanuts ran in over 2,600
    newspapers, with a readership of 355 million in 75
    countries, and was translated into 40 languages. It helped
    to cement the four-panel gag strip as the standard in the
    United States. Reprints of the strip are still syndicated and
    run in many newspapers.
     Playboy
   is an American adult entertainment magazine, founded in
    1953 by Hugh Hefner and his associates, which has grown
    into Playboy Enterprises, Inc., reaching into every form of
    media. Playboy is one of the world's best known brands. In
    addition to the flagship magazine in the United States,
    special nation-specific versions of Playboy are published
    worldwide.
   The Old Man and the Sea-Ernest
    Hemingway
   The Betty Crocker Picture Cookbook
   From Here To Eternity-James Jones
   The Power of Positive Thinking-Norman
    Vincent Peale
   Sexual Behavior and the Human Female-
    Alfred Kinsey
   Lolita-Vladamir Nabokov
   Peyton Place-Grace Metalious
   Sports Illustrated
 MAD-Mutuallyassured destruction
 Americans were fearful of nuclear attacks.
   Containment Policy
   Domino Effect
   N. Korea attacks S. Korea-The Korean
    War
   Hungarians revolt against communism
    and lose
   Cuba falls to communism under Fidel
    Castro
   Joseph McCarthy claims that there are
    communists in the government.
 Life Expectancy:
 Male 65.6
 Female 71.1
 Three leading Causes of Death
 1. Heart Disease
 2. Cancer
 3. The Flu
 Average Employee Earnings $2,992
 Cost of Food:
 Eggs 72 cents
 Quart of milk 21 cents

				
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