2011 Product Catalog - PDF

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					                  2011 Product Catalog
                              Distribution Centers:
           Northern California • Southern California • Idaho • New York




       US Sales and Customer Support: (800) 346-9739

                              North West             nwsales@lwstone.com
                              South West             swsales@lwstone.com
                              Central                centralsales@lwstone.com
                              East Coast             eastsales@lwstone.com

                                          www.lwstone.com



                         Corporate Office:                              Mailing Address:
                        L&W Stone Corporation                          L&W Stone Corporation
                          1036 South Street                               P.O. Box 1224
                          Orland, California                             Orland, California
                               95963                                          95963




                                           Phone: (530) 865-5085
                                            Fax: (530) 865-5975


             L&W Stone Corporation • (800) 346-9739 • www.lwstone.com

L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                           1
                        About L&W Stone Corporation
        Established in 1996, L&W Stone Corporation has become one of the fastest growing decorative and building
        stone producers in the industry. Our large inventory and wide variety of stone sizes, formats, texture, and
        colors allows our customers to mix and match the ideal products all in one shipment. L&W Stone
        Corporation prides itself in locating unusual stone products through the quarries we own and the brokered
        contacts we’ve established through the years.

        Over 52 Acres of Stone Inventory and Distribution Facilities to Serve You
        L&W Stone owns and operates over 52 acres of stone inventory and distribution facilities including—Idaho,
        New York, Northern California and Southern California. This extensive inventory provides our customers the
        product selection and availability needed to build full or mixed truck loads to meet their needs.

        L&W Stone Quarries
        L&W Stone produces over 98,000 tons annually including Three Rivers Stone®, available only from our
        exclusive quarry in Idaho and Moss Rock from the northern tip of California. We also offer exceptional
        service and rates with our quarry direct programs for Quartzite and Bluestone.

        Fabrication Capabilities
        L&W Stone is equipped with a complete in-house stone fabrication facility. We produce interlocking pavers,
        benches, boulders, flagstones, ledge, slabs, tiles, treads, tumbled pavers, wall caps, wall rock and many
        other custom fabrications. L&W Stone operates the largest stone tumbler in the nation, a water jet for radius
        work, two thin veneer manufacturing locations as well as cross cutting and coring capabilities.

        Product Samples
        Samples of any stone product are available upon request to current or prospective customers. Our
        knowledgeable sales staff is available to provide a full presentation on our most popular and unique stones.
        Product releases are also distributed to keep you informed of the latest additions to our product line or
        special seasonal sales.


                        Terms and Conditions of Sale
L&W ORDERING POLICY
    1. L&W Stone Corporation requests purchase orders be faxed from all customers for all products ordered. This
       will ensure we have correct quantities, sizes, colors, etc. for your building stone needs. For the customer this
       procedure ensures accurate stone pricing of materials ordered. Our sales staff will contact you within one
       business day should there be any discrepancy in price listed on purchase orders.

    2. Stone Fabrication orders require a 50% deposit on all orders. This deposit is deemed nonrefundable once
       work begins. Please be sure your orders are accurate in size, quantity, color, etc. before ordering.

    3. Being a natural stone product, color and texture may vary.

    4. PUBLISHED PRICES ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. QUOTED PRICES ARE VALID
       FOR TERMS SPECIFIED.


            L&W Stone Corporation • (800) 346-9739 • www.lwstone.com

2                                                      All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
                          Terms and Conditions of Sale
L&W SPECIAL ORDERS: Stipulations & Clarifications

    1. All special ordered items or Special Agreement Items, not part of L&W standard stocking materials, will have
       vendor dependent lead times and will be communicated to the best of our knowledge at the time of order.

    2. Special orders are non-refundable; all sales will be considered final.

    3. Fabricated (sawn, sandblasted, etc.) special orders can only be returned if product was incorrectly fabricated
       or outside specifications. L&W must be notified within 3 days of receipt of product.

    4. Special orders may require a deposit in advance and will require a Special Order Agreement with signature.
       Stone Fabrication orders are complex in nature and will require a binding authorization and approval of
       specifications before work will commence.


L&W SHIPPING & FREIGHT POLICY
    1. All shipments are based on approximately 24 ton quantities unless otherwise agreed or dictated by
       volume constraints. Minimum shipping quantities are 12 tons, anything smaller constitutes an
       up-charge on freight (LTL).

    2. Delivery requires customer to have forklift on site at delivery location.

    3. Will calls are accepted between 8 a.m. & 3 p.m. Mon thru Fri. Please give your sales representative
       24 hour advance notice.

    4. Orders from the East Coast are shipped by rail to California. This allows us to offer economical freight
         charges to our customers. Please allow ten to fourteen shipping days to arrive in California, plan
         accordingly. If a specific job is a special time constraint, please allow an additional expense to cover the
         over the road freight charges.

    5. All shipping dates are estimated and can change at any time.

    6. All shortages, damages, or exceptions of any kind must be communicated to your sales representative
       within 24 hours.

    7. Double drop fees apply to all multiple drop or redirected shipments @ $50 per drop.

    8. Each scheduled delivery time allows for a standard two (2) hour window for unloading. A $100 per hour
       stand by fee will be assessed for anything beyond two hours.

    9. Each scheduled delivery time allows for a standard two (2) hour window for unloading. A $100 per hour
       standby fee will be assessed for anything beyond two hours.



             L&W Stone Corporation • (800) 346-9739 • www.lwstone.com

L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                                                    3
                         Terms and Conditions of Sale

L&W FREIGHT ALLOWANCE POLICY

Full load shipments (24 tons) from L&W Stone’s California Distribution Centers will be
reimbursed freight according to this policy: L&W invoices will reflect a freight credit to
offset any direct bill from the freight company, where applicable.

1) Distribution Center Shipments: $450.00 Maximum
    L&W will issue a freight credit on the customer’s product invoice offsetting actual freight costs billed by
    the carrier. This freight allowance will be capped at either the actual costs or at a $450.00 maximum,
    whichever is less.

    Additional drop fees or unique shipping requests/fees are not reimbursed under this allowance. Should an
    account incur freight costs exceeding $450.00, the maximum allowance given will total $450.00.

    Freight allowances will be credited on L&W product invoices delivered by a sub hauler or broker, customers
    should expect to receive a freight bill from the carrier if other than an L&W Truck and Driver.


2) Scheduled Will Calls: $225.00
    A freight allowance will be given to customers who take a full load only of standard stocking items (24 tons) from
    one of our Distribution Centers, and provide their own trucks. This allowance will be a flat $225.00 and not
    prorated for less than truckload.


3) Additional Freight Fees:
    ―Stock Transfer Fee‖: This fee would pertain to any Special Orders or Saw Shop jobs that need to be shipped
    from the Orland Distribution Center to the Idaho or Southern California Distribution Centers.

    ―Side-Kit Fee‖: All boulder loads require the use of side-kits for a refundable fee of $350. The charge will be
    deducted from invoice upon return of the side-kits to an L&W Stone Distribution Center.

    ―Jobsite Delivery Fee‖: All deliveries made to a jobsite will be charged a $75 delivery fee. Jobsite location must
    have equipment available to offload product from truck.


4) Fuel Surcharges:
    Due to the fluctuations in the cost of fuel, surcharges may be added to the cost of freight. This extra charge will
    be added after any discounts that may apply and will be reflected on your invoice.

L&W SATISFACTION GUARANTEE POLICY
L&W Stone Corporation stands behind its products to the complete satisfaction of the
customer. If the customer is not satisfied in any way, for any reason, the customer can
expect a generous return policy including a full product credit.

            L&W Stone Corporation • (800) 346-9739 • www.lwstone.com

4                                                       All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
                          Terms and Conditions of Sale
L&W RETURN POLICIES

The following guidelines apply to all return requests for Standard Stock Items, not sold as ―Final‖.
If product is installed, L&W considers the sale final. Fabrication items are not eligible for return
unless the finished product does not meet provided project specifications. Partial or broken
pallets can not be returned.

All return shipments are based on a 200 mile radius from the distribution center of origin. Any returns
beyond this 200 mile radius are subject to charges for the freight overage.

Requests within 3 months from date of invoice: Providing the product has not been opened, tampered,
or modified (OTOM), and upon presentation of the original invoice, the product can be returned to L&W for
a credit equal to the original invoice price.

Requests after 3 months and before 1 year from date of invoice: Providing the product has not been
OTOM, and upon presentation of the original invoice, the product can be returned to L&W for a credit
equal to the original invoiced price less a 15% restocking fee during the 4th month and an additional 3%
for each month thereafter. Please see the chart below for reference.

Months 1-3         No Restock Fee                           8 Months    27% Restock Fee
Month 4           15% Restock Fee                           9 Months    30% Restock Fee
Month 5           18% Restock Fee                           10 Months   33% Restock Fee
Month 6           21% Restock Fee                           11 Months   36% Restock Fee
Month 7           24% Restock Fee                           12 months   39% Restock Fee

After 1 year from date of invoice L&W Stone will no longer accept returns.


ACCOUNTING OF RETURN POLICIES
When a return is desired, please contact our sales department to issue a return request. A copy of the
original sales order or invoice will be required to initiate a return. This process assists us in verifying the
product for return and expediting your issued credit. Credit will be issued when product is returned to
our facility and paperwork is processed. Upon receipt of material, our yard staff weighs, notes, and
dates the return. Paperwork is then forwarded to our Accounts Receivable Department and matched with
the customer’s request for return from our sales representative.

Please do not alter our invoices in anticipation of a credit memo.
This will prevent outstanding balances on accounts and delays in shipping. A separate credit memo will
be issued on your account. Returns are credited to accounts only. L&W does not issue cash refunds.


             L&W Stone Corporation • (800) 346-9739 • www.lwstone.com

L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                                         5
                    Terms and Conditions of Sale

SUMMARY OF RETURN POLICIES

1) Call your Sales Representative to let them know you have
   material you wish to return.

2) Fax a copy of the sales order invoice to the office.

3) Do not hold payments for returned item credit.

4) Hold on to the material until arrangements are made for pick up.

5) A credit will be issued to your account, once the material is
   received at our Distribution Center(s).


TERMS OF SALE
Charge accounts are subject to a 1.5% finance charge per month on all invoices over 30 days
from date of invoice. Accounts aging 45 days from date of invoice will be placed on credit hold
status. Accounts on credit hold status will not allow new shipments to release without payment
on account. Any account that is not paid 60 days from date of invoice will automatically be placed
on credit hold and/or COD, until the account is brought to current. Accounts aging over 60 days
will remain on credit hold status until credit can be re-established; L&W does not guarantee
charging privileges will be re-established for accounts in this condition.

Discounts are offered for payments made within ten days from date of invoice.

Thank you for considering L&W Stone Corporation for your building stone needs.




          L&W Stone Corporation • (800) 346-9739 • www.lwstone.com

6                                            All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
              Return Authorization Form (RMA)
                                                Please Make Copies for Use

 Date:                                                     Customer:

 L&W Facility:                                             Invoice / Sales Order #:
                                                           (Note: Required to Issue Credit)

 Authorized By:
                                       (L&W Stone Salesperson)

                                              To Be Filled Out By Customer

Item ID        Description                                 Reason for Return                          Qty (Tons / Ea / SF / LF)




Customer Signature:                                                    Printed Name:

                                                 To Be Filled Out By Driver

Item ID        Qty (Tons / Ea / SF / LF)         Condition of Product              (Please Circle 1=Excellent 5=Unsafe)

                                                                 1            2               3         4           5
                                                                 1            2               3         4           5
                                                                 1            2               3         4           5
Pickup Date:
Driver Signature:                                                      Printed Name:

                                              To Be Filled Out By L&W Stone

Item ID        Qty (Tons / Ea / SF / LF)         Date Received                    Forklift Operator




L&W Stone will accept returns up to 1 year from date of invoice. All material is subject to restocking fee after
  3 months from original invoice date. Fee begins at 15% and increases by 3% for each month thereafter.
                   Please see our full return policy in the Terms and Conditions of Sale.
                                               Restocking Fee Schedule
                 1-3 Months          No Restock Fee              8 Months                     27% Restock Fee
                 4 Months           15% Restock Fee              9 Months                     30% Restock Fee
                 5 Months           18% Restock Fee              10 Months                    33% Restock Fee
                 6 Months           21% Restock Fee              11 Months                    36% Restock Fee
                 7 Months           24% Restock Fee              12 months                    39% Restock Fee
L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                                                       7
                                                Table Of Contents
         Product                                                                                                                 Page

  Bluestone
  Flagstone - Stand Up ..................................................................................................... 13
  Flagstone - Patio ............................................................................................................ 14
  Natural Thin Veneer ....................................................................................................... 15
  Tumbled Thin Veneer ..................................................................................................... 16
  Thin Veneer EZPAK ....................................................................................................... 17
  Random Squares & Rectangles (Pattern) ...................................................................... 18
  Tumbled Pavers ............................................................................................................. 19
  Tumbled Garden Path .................................................................................................... 20
  Treads ........................................................................................................................ 21—22
  Fabrication Services ....................................................................................................... 23
  Technical Information ..................................................................................................... 24

  Black Slate
  Flagstone & Tumbled Flagstone .................................................................................... 25
  Stepping Stones ............................................................................................................. 26

  High Desert
  Flagstone - Patio / Tumbled Patio .................................................................................. 27
  Ledge ............................................................................................................................. 28

  Oklahoma Flag / Petrified Seashore Thin Veneer
  Flagstone - Patio ............................................................................................................ 29
  Natural & Tumbled Thin Veneer ..................................................................................... 30
  Thin Veneer EZPAK ....................................................................................................... 31




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                                                                       9
                                              Table Of Contents
        Product                                                                                                                Page

 Quartzite
 Blue Mica Quartz............................................................................................................ 32
 Canyon Gold Quartz ...................................................................................................... 33
 Charcoal Quartz ............................................................................................................. 34
 Gold Quartz .................................................................................................................... 35
 Silver Quartz .................................................................................................................. 36
 Tumbled Quartz ............................................................................................................. 37

 Three Rivers Stone®
 Flagstone - Stand Up ..................................................................................................... 38
 Flagstone - Patio ............................................................................................................ 39
 Tumbled Flagstone ........................................................................................................ 40
 Ledge / Tumbled Garden Wall Ledge ............................................................................ 41
 Natural Thin Veneer ....................................................................................................... 42
 Tumbled Thin Veneer ..................................................................................................... 43
 Thin Veneer EZPAK ....................................................................................................... 44
 Wall Rock / Tumbled Wall Rock ..................................................................................... 45
 Slabs / Boulders ............................................................................................................. 46
 Tumbled Pavers ............................................................................................................. 47
 Bubblers ......................................................................................................................... 48
 Garden Accents / Benches............................................................................................. 49
 Address Numbers / Pot Feet / Fabrication Services ....................................................... 50
 Technical Information ..................................................................................................... 51

 Sandstone
 Flagstone - Standup ....................................................................................................... 52
 Flagstone - Patio ............................................................................................................ 53
 Tumbled Flagstone ........................................................................................................ 54
 Technical Information ..................................................................................................... 55

10                                                               All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
                                              Table Of Contents
         Product                                                                                                           Page

  Natural Fieldstone
  Black Lichen / Flat Lava ................................................................................................. 56
  Cold Water Canyon ........................................................................................................ 57
  Moss Rock Cobbles & Boulders ..................................................................................... 58


  Cobbles, Pebbles, & Boulders
  Canadian Mica ............................................................................................................... 59
  Colorado River Skippers & Cobbles ............................................................................... 60
  Glacier Mist Cobbles ...................................................................................................... 61
  Gold Rush Cobbles ........................................................................................................ 62
  Golden Brown River Cobbles ......................................................................................... 63
  Mexican Pebbles ............................................................................................................ 64
  Misty Mountain Cobbles ................................................................................................. 65
  New York Street Cobbles ............................................................................................... 66
  Pamy Pebbles & Cobbles .............................................................................................. 67
  Yosemite Cobbles .......................................................................................................... 68

  Ultimate Pond Products
  Pond & Waterfall in a Box® / Pondless Waterfall in a Box® ............................................ 69
  Pond in a Box® / Bubbler in a Box™ ............................................................................... 70
  Water Feature Component Parts ................................................................................... 71

  Custom Thin Veneer ............................................................................................... 72

  Custom Bubblers .................................................................................................... 73

  Glossary of Terms ............................................................................................... 74 - 79




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                                                                 11
Bluestone
A hard fine-grained sandstone of dark green/brown to bluish
gray. Numerous fabrication options make this a natural choice.

         Flagstone—Stand Up
Stand Up - Irregular shaped pieces. Palletized on edge in approx 3000 – 3500 lbs pallets.
         Item ID                                      Description            Approx. Coverage
         100003                         3/8" - 5/8" Full Color Stand Up       285 SF / Ton
                                        Approx 18" x 18" to 3' x 6' Pieces
         100004                         3/4" - 1¼" Full Color Stand Up        140 SF / Ton
                                       Approx 18" x 18" to 3' x 6' Pieces
         100005                         1¼" - 2¼" Full Color Stand Up          80 SF / Ton
                                       Approx 18" x 18" to 3' x 6' Pieces
         100006                          2¼" - 4" Full Color Stand Up          40 SF / Ton
                                                     Palletized Flat
                                       Approx 18" x 18" to 3' x 6' Pieces
         100102                           3/4" - 1¼" Blue Stand Up            140 SF / Ton
                                       Approx 18" x 18" to 3' x 6' Pieces
         100127                           1¼" - 2¼" Blue Stand Up              80 SF / Ton
                                       Approx 18" x 18" to 3' x 6' Pieces
         100011                           3/4"- 1¼" Lilac Stand Up            140 SF / Ton
                                       Approx 18" x 18" to 3' x 6' Pieces
         100012                           1¼" - 2¼" Lilac Stand Up             80 SF / Ton
                                       Approx 18" x 18" to 3' x 6' Pieces




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                            13
Bluestone
       Flagstone—Patio
Full color irregular shaped pieces.
Palletized flat on approx 3000 lbs pallets.
       Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage
       105303                      1" - 1½" Full Color Patio                              115 SF / Ton
                                         1 - 3 SF Pieces
       105304                      1½" - 2" Full Color Patio                               80 SF / Ton
                                       1 - 3 SF Pieces




14                                            All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Bluestone

         Natural Thin Veneer
Natural edge Thin Veneer is under 14 lbs per SF.
Palletized in 100 SF / 75 LF crates, two crates per pallet.

         Item ID                                      Description           Approx. Coverage
         200042                                    Natural Flats             100 SF/Crate
                                           2‖ - 4" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"
         200052                                   Natural Corners             75 LF/Crate
                                            2‖ - 4" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"

         200078                                  Natural Cobble              125 SF/Crate
                                           4‖ - 8" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"

         200077                       Thin Veneer Sills Special Order            N/A
                                  3‖ - 4‖ Face x 2½" Bed, Rock Faced Edge
(Custom Cut Thin Veneer is available. See page 66. Ask your Representative for details)




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                           15
Bluestone

       Tumbled Thin Veneer
Tumbled Thin Veneer is under 14 lbs per SF.
Palletized in 100 SF / 75 LF crates, two crates per pallet.

       Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage
       200073                            Tumbled Flats                               100 SF/Crate
                                  2‖ - 4" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"
       200071                          Tumbled Corners                                75 LF/Crate
                                  2‖ - 4" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"

       200079                           Tumbled Cobble                               125 SF/Crate
                                  4‖ - 8" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"

(Custom Cut Thin Veneer is available. See page 66. Ask your Representative for details)




16                                            All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Bluestone

         Thin Veneer EZPAK
Thin Veneer flats & corners in a stackable crate designed for
transporting with ease. Crates size is 12" W x 18" L x 10" H.

         Item ID                                      Description                    Approx. Coverage
         200069                               EZPAK Natural Flats                     10 SF/EZPAK
                                           2‖ - 4" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"
         200070                              EZPAK Natural Corners                     7 LF/EZPAK
                                            2‖ - 4" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"

         200074                              EZPAK Tumbled Flats                      10 SF/EZPAK
                                           2‖ - 4" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"
         200075                             EZPAK Tumbled Corners                      7 LF/EZPAK
                                            2‖ - 4" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"


  (Custom Cut Thin Veneer is available. See page 66. Ask your Representative for details)




                                                                       Thin Veneer Corners

L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                                    17
Bluestone
      Random Squares & Rectangles
Natural Cleft pieces cut into random sizes.
Nominal sizes & thickness / not cut to true angle. Sold per SF.

      Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage
      31_ _ _ _                     3/8" - 5/8" Full Color                                 N/A
                                     12" x 12" - 24" x 24"
      32_ _ _ _                     3/4" - 1¼" Full Color                                  N/A
                                     12" x 12" - 24" x 24"
      33_ _ _ _                     1¼" - 2¼" Full Color                                   N/A
                                     12" x 12" - 24" x 24"
      34_ _ _ _                    3/8" - 5/8" Blue Color                                  N/A
                                    12" x 12" - 24" x 24"
      35_ _ _ _                    3/4" - 1¼" Blue Color                                   N/A
                                    12" x 12" - 24" x 24"
      36_ _ _ _                    1¼" - 2¼" Blue Color                                    N/A
                                    12" x 12" - 24" x 24"




(Additional charges will apply for sizes 24" x 30" and larger in all thicknesses)

18                                           All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Bluestone
         Tumbled Pavers

Sold as full pallets only. Palletized in approx 2000 lb pallets.
         Item ID                                      Description       Approx. Coverage
         300017                                 6" x 6" x 2" + 1/8"     144 SF / Pallet
                                               576 Pieces per Pallet
         300021                                 6" x 12" x 2" + 1/8"    144 SF / Pallet
                                               288 Pieces per Pallet
         300024                                12" x 12" x 2" + 1/8"    144 SF / Pallet
                                               144 Pieces per Pallet
         300026                                 12" x 18" x 2" + 1/8"   144 SF / Pallet
                                                96 Pieces per Pallet




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                       19
Bluestone
      Tumbled Garden Path (TGP)
Pieces of flagstone tumbled to give an appearance of having
been water worn or weathered.
Palletized in approx 3000 lbs pallets.
      Item ID                           Description                              Approx. Coverage
      300146                              Rustic                                    70 SF / Ton
                                   Tumbled Irregular Flag
                               6" - 14" Pieces x 1‖ - 3" Thick
      300147                              Regular                                   70 SF / Ton
                                     Tumbled Mill Ends
                               6" - 14" Pieces x 1‖ - 3" Thick
      300012                               Large                                    40 SF / Ton
                                   Tumbled Irregular Flag
                              2 - 6 SF Pieces x 2" - 4" Thick

      300014RG                         Thin Regular                                190 SF / Ton
                                     Tumbled Mill Ends
                              6" - 14" Pieces x ½" - 1" Thick
      300156                           Thin Rustic                                 190 SF / Ton
                                   Tumbled Irregular Flag
                              6" - 14" Pieces x ½" - 1" Thick




20                                          All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Bluestone
         Treads
Available in many edge treatments such as Thermaled, Rock
Face, Bullnose, & Radius. Standard Treads are
Thermal Finished on the Top & One Long Edge.
*Natural cleft finish option must allow + ¼" variance on thickness
         Item ID                                      Description      Approx. Coverage
         400064                                 1" H x 6" W Tread           N/A
         400065                                 1" H x 8" W Tread           N/A
         400066                                 1" H x 10" W Tread          N/A
         400067                                 1" H x 12" W Tread          N/A
         400068                                 1" H x 14" W Tread          N/A
         400069                                 1" H x 16" W Tread          N/A
         400070                                 1" H x 18" W Tread          N/A
         400071                                 1" H x 20" W Tread          N/A
         400072                                 1" H x 24" W Tread          N/A

         400073                                1 ½" H x 6" W Tread          N/A
         400074                                1 ½" H x 8" W Tread          N/A
         400075                                1 ½" H x 10" W Tread         N/A
         400076                                1 ½" H x 12" W Tread         N/A
         400077                                1 ½" H x 14" W Tread         N/A
         400078                                1 ½" H x 16" W Tread         N/A
         400079                                1 ½" H x 18" W Tread         N/A
         400080                                1 ½" H x 20" W Tread         N/A
         400081                                1 ½" H x 24" W Tread         N/A

         400082                                 2" H x 6" W Tread           N/A
         400083                                 2" H x 8" W Tread           N/A
         400084                                 2" H x 10" W Tread          N/A
         400085                                 2" H x 12" W Tread          N/A
         400086                                 2" H x 14" W Tread          N/A
         400087                                 2" H x 16" W Tread          N/A
         400088                                 2" H x 18" W Tread          N/A
         400089                                 2" H x 20" W Tread          N/A
         400090                                 2" H x 24" W Tread          N/A
*Additional charge will apply for natural cleft.
L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                      21
Bluestone
       Treads
Available in many edge treatments such as Thermaled, Rock
Face, Bullnose, & Radius. Standard Treads are Thermal
Finished on the Top & One Long Edge. Additional Charge will
apply for natural cleft. *Natural cleft finish option must allow + ¼"
variance on thickness.
       Item ID                             Description                                Approx. Coverage
       400091                        2 ½" H x 6" W Tread                                      N/A
       400092                        2 ½" H x 8" W Tread                                      N/A
       400093                        2 ½" H x 10" W Tread                                     N/A
       400094                        2 ½" H x 12" W Tread                                     N/A
       400095                        2 ½" H x 14" W Tread                                     N/A
       400096                        2 ½" H x 16" W Tread                                     N/A
       400097                        2 ½" H x 18" W Tread                                     N/A
       400098                        2 ½" H x 20" W Tread                                     N/A
       400099                        2 ½" H x 24" W Tread                                     N/A

       400103                          3" H x 12" W Tread                                     N/A
       400104                          3" H x 14" W Tread                                     N/A
       400105                          3" H x 16" W Tread                                     N/A
       400106                          3" H x 18" W Tread                                     N/A
       400107                          3" H x 20" W Tread                                     N/A
       400108                          3" H x 24" W Tread                                     N/A

       400121                          4" H x 12" W Tread                                     N/A
       400122                          4" H x 14" W Tread                                     N/A
       400123                          4" H x 16" W Tread                                     N/A
       400124                          4" H x 18" W Tread                                     N/A
       400125                          4" H x 20" W Tread                                     N/A
       400126                          4" H x 24" W Tread                                     N/A




*Additional charge will apply for natural cleft.
22                                              All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Fabrication Services
         Bluestone
A wide variety of Custom Fabrication services are available for
Bluestone.
Edge Treatments
    Rock Face
    Bevel (one corner up to 1" x 1")                                                             Bullnose Edge

    Eased (Top & Bottom)
    Bullnose
    Demi Bullnose                          Radius Cut

    Drip Edge
    Thermal
    Hone                                                           Rock Face Edge
    Polish
Surface Treatments
    Thermal                                                                               Hone Surface
    Creates Texture on Sawn Face of Stone           Thermal Surface

    Hone
    Smooth Non-Glossy Finish
    Polish                                                                                                  Core Hole Cut
    Smooth Glossy Finish
    Gauge to Uniform Thickness                                                            Thermal Surface


Cutting Services
    Core Hole
                                          Radius Cut                   Guillotine Cut                    Waterjet
    Radius Cuts
    Guillotine or Snapped
    Waterjet Fee


Custom Caps
    Thermal Edges                                                                         Custom Cap
    Creates Texture on Sawn Edge

    Rock Faced Edges


L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.     Rock Face Edge                                     23
Bluestone

               Technical Information



     Absorption:                   1.08%

     Compressive Strength:         14,482 PSI

     Weight:                       162.74 lbs / ft3

     Modulus of Rupture:           2,194 PSI

     Abrasion Resistance:          Thermal Face                        Natural Cleft
                                       27                                   8.9




24                               All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Black Slate
Fine grained metamorphic rock derived from sedimentary rock shale.
Flagstone
This classic slate displays a richness of color and is one of the hardest
slates available. Does not fade over time like other slates. Pallets range in
weight from 2000—4000 lbs depending on type of material.

         Item ID                                      Description              Approx. Coverage
         100022                             1" - 2" Irregular Stand Up           65 SF / Ton
                                                  4 - 15 SF Pieces
         105020                    ¾" - 1" Four Side Cut Patio Regular          110 SF / Ton
                              8" - 2 SF Irregular Pieces with 3-4 Sawn Edges
         105251                               1" - 2" Mega Flagging              65 SF / Ton
                                                 3 to 6 SF Pieces




         Tumbled Black Slate
Tumbled to give a weathered or water worn appearance. Palletized in approx 4000 lbs pallets.
         Item ID                                      Description              Approx. Coverage

         300032                                     1" - 2" Large                65 SF / Ton
                                                   2 - 6 SF Pieces
         300031                                ¾" - 1" Four Side Cut            110 SF / Ton
                                                  8‖ - 2 SF Pieces
         300202                               1" - 2" Mega Flagging              65 SF / Ton
                                                  1 - 4 SF Pieces




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                              25
Black Slate
Fine grained metamorphic rock derived from sedimentary rock shale.

Stepping Stones
This classic slate displays a richness of color and is one of the hardest
slates available. Does not fade over time like other slates.
Palletized in approx 2000 lb pallets.

       Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage
       305101                      12” x 12” x 1” Thick                             150 SF / Pallet
                           Sawn 4 edges, natural cleft top & bottom
                                   150 pieces per pallet
       305100                      12” x 18” x 1” Thick                             150 SF / Pallet
                           Sawn 4 edges, natural cleft top & bottom
                                   100 pieces per pallet

       305099                      12” X 24” x 1” Thick                             150 SF / Pallet
                           Sawn 4 edges, natural cleft top & bottom
                                    75 pieces per pallet




26                                            All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
High Desert
Is geologically classified as sericite schist. It's tough structural integrity
and wide size range availability make it an ideal decorative stone with
many architectural and landscaping applications.

         Flagstone
Patio — Variable-tone blue grey, gold, & brown highlights.
Palletized in approx 4000 lbs pallets.
         Item ID                                      Description                Approx. Coverage

         105037                                    1½" - 2½" Patio                 70 SF / Ton
                                                   1 - 3 SF Pieces




         Tumbled Patio
Variable-tone blue grey, gold, & brown highlights. Palletized in approx 4000 lbs pallets.
         Item ID                                      Description                Approx. Coverage
         300166                                   1½" - 2½" Patio                  70 SF / Ton
                                                   1 - 3 SF Pieces




(Additional Products are available. Ask your Representative)

L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                                27
High Desert
      Ledge

Variable-tone blue grey, gold, & brown highlights.
Palletized in approx 3500 lbs baskets.
      Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage
      200023                                 Ledge                                   35 SF / Ton
                         2" - 6" Face x 3" - 7" Bed x 10" - 30" Length




(Additional Products are available. Ask your Representative)

28                                           All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Oklahoma
Oklahoma Stone is a full color stone, with colors ranging from dark to
light buff, pale green, with shades of grays, browns, black & reds.

         Multi-Color Oklahoma Flagstone
Patio– Irregualr shaped pieces. Palletized flat on approx 3500 lbs. pallets
         Item ID                                      Description         Approx. Coverage
         105203                                      1 1/2” Patio             110 SF
                                                   1 - 3 SF Pieces
         105205                                        2” Patio               80 SF
                                                   1 - 3 SF Pieces

         105207                                      2 1/2” Patio             65 SF
                                                   1 - 3 SF Pieces




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                         29
Petrified Seashore

         Natural & Tumbled Thin Veneer
Natural edged Thin Veneer is under 14 lbs per SF.
Palletized in 100 SF / 75 LF crates. Two crates per pallet.
         Item ID                                      Description            Approx. Coverage
         200017                                    Natural Flats              100 SF/Crate
                                            2" - 3" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"
         200032                                  Natural Corners              75 LF/Crate
                                            2" - 3" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"

         200043                                   Tumbled Flats               100 SF/Crate
                                            2" - 3" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"
         200076                                 Tumbled Corners               75 LF/Crate
                                            2" - 3" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"

         200111                        Thin Veneer Sills Special Order           N/A
                                    2‖ - 3‖ Face x 3" Bed, Rock Faced Edge

(Custom Cut Thin Veneer is available. See page 66. Ask your Representative for details)




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                            30
Petrified Seashore

         Thin Veneer EZPAK

Thin Veneer flats & corners in a stackable crate designed for transporting with ease.
Crate size is 12" W x 18" L x 10" H
         Item ID                                      Description        Approx. Coverage

         200047                               EZPAK Natural Flats          10 SF/EZPAK
                                           2‖ - 3" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"
         200048                              EZPAK Natural Corners         7 LF/EZPAK
                                            2‖ - 3" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"

         200109                              EZPAK Tumbled Flats           10 SF/EZPAK
                                           2‖ - 3" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"
         200110                             EZPAK Tumbled Corners          7 LF/EZPAK
                                            2‖ - 3" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"
(Custom Cut Thin Veneer is available. See page 66. Ask your Representative for details)




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                        31
Quartzite
A mica bearing stone. This mineral gives the product a fish-scale like
Sheen and the stone is noted for the great variety of colors and strength.


         Blue Mica Quartz
A Light to dark gray with accents of golden brown veining.
Palletized in approx 3500 lbs pallets.

         Item ID                                      Description            Approx. Coverage
         100018                               ½" - 1" Stand Up Patio           200 SF / Ton
                                                 8" - 4 SF Pieces
         100019                        1" - 2" Stand Up– Special Order         100 SF / Ton
                                                4 - 15 SF Pieces
         105013                                      1" - 2" Patio             100 SF / Ton
                                                   8" - 4 SF Pieces
         105115                                      2" - 3" Patio             80 SF / Ton
                                                   8" - 4 SF Pieces
         200124                                          Ledge                 35 SF / Ton
                                                      2" - 6" Wide




 (Additional Products are available. Ask your Representative)

L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                            32
Quartzite
         Canyon Gold Quartz
Silver based quartzite with gold and brown patches.
Palletized in approx 3000—4000 lbs pallets, depending on material.



         Item ID                                      Description              Approx. Coverage
         100014GD                           ¾" Minus Stand Up Patio             190 SF / Ton
                                                1 - 6 SF Pieces
         100146                        1" - 2" Stand Up– Special Order           95 SF / Ton
                                                3 - 6 SF Pieces
         105009                                     1" - 1½" Patio              110 SF / Ton
                                                   8" - 4 SF Pieces
         105012                                     1½" - 2" Patio               80 SF / Ton
                                                   8" - 4 SF Pieces
         200013                                      Ledge                       35 SF / Ton
                                  2‖ - 6" Face x 2‖ - 6" Bed x 6‖ - 24" Long




(Additional Products are available. Ask your Representative)

L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                              33
Quartzite
       Charcoal Quartz

Dark silver with black speckling. Palletized in approx 4000 lbs pallets.
       Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage
       100014CH                   ¾" Minus Stand Up Patio                            190 SF / Ton
                                      1 - 6 SF Pieces




34                                            All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Quartzite
         Gold Quartz
Gray, silver and white with streaks of dark gold.
Palletized in approx 3500 lbs pallets.
         Item ID                                      Description        Approx. Coverage
         100015                               ½" - 1" Stand Up Patio       200 SF / Ton
                                                 8" - 4 SF Pieces
         100129                        1" - 2" Stand Up– Special Order     100 SF / Ton
                                                4 - 15 SF Pieces
         105034                                      1" - 2" Patio         100 SF / Ton
                                                   8" - 4 SF Pieces
         105137                                      2" - 3" Patio         80 SF / Ton
                                                   8" - 4 SF Pieces
         200153                                          Ledge             35 SF / Ton
                                                      2" - 6" Wide




 (Additional Products are available. Ask your Representative)

L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                        35
Quartzite
        Silver Quartz
Silver gray with silver mica.
Palletized in approx 3000—4000 lbs pallets, depending on material.
        Item ID                         Description                               Approx. Coverage
        100014                   ¾" Minus Stand Up Patio                            190 SF / Ton
                                     1 - 6 SF Pieces
        100147               1" - 2" Stand Up– Special Order                         95 SF / Ton
                                      3 - 6 SF Pieces
        105008                         1" - 1½" Patio                               110 SF / Ton
                                      8" - 4 SF Pieces
        105136                        1½" - 2" Patio                                 80 SF / Ton
                                Mixed color 8" - 4 SF Pieces
        200012                              Ledge                                    35 SF / Ton
                          2" - 6" Face x 2" - 6" Bed x 6" - 24" Long




     (Additional Products are available. Ask your Representative)

36                                           All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Quartzite
         Tumbled Quartz
Tumbled to give a weathered or water worn appearance
Palletized in approx 4000 lbs pallets.

         Item ID                                      Description         Approx. Coverage
         300163                            1½" - 2" Mixed Color Patio       80 SF / Ton
                                           90% Silver, 8‖ - 4 SF pieces
         300165                                1½" - 2" Gold Quartz         85 SF / Ton
                                                 8‖ - 4 SF pieces




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                         37
Three Rivers Stone®
      Flagstone—Stand Up
This argillite stone was formed high in the Sawtooth Mountains of Idaho.
Three Rivers Stone® combines a rich earthy blend of golds, browns,
tans, whites, yellows, beiges & plums that create a one of a kind look.

Stand Up - Irregular shaped pieces. Palletized on edge in approx 4000 lbs pallets.

      Item ID                           Description                              Approx. Coverage

      100000                     1” Minus Patio Stand Up                           170 SF / Ton
                                     8‖ - 4 SF Pieces

      100001                         1" - 1½" Stand Up                             130 SF / Ton
                                       3 - 6 SF Pieces
      100002                         1½" - 2" Stand Up                              95 SF / Ton
                                      3 - 6 SF Pieces
      100009                         2" - 2½" Stand Up                              75 SF / Ton
                                       3 - 6 SF Pieces
      100010                         2½" - 3" Stand Up                              60 SF / Ton
                                      3 - 6 SF Pieces




38                                          All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Three Rivers Stone®
         Flagstone—Patio
This argillite stone was formed high in the Sawtooth Mountains of Idaho.
Three Rivers Stone® combines a rich earthy blend of golds, browns,
tans, whites, yellows, beiges & plums that create a one of a kind look.

Patio - Irregular shaped pieces. Palletized flat on approx 4000 lbs pallets.
         Item ID                                      Description          Approx. Coverage

         105000                                     1" - 1½" Patio             130 SF / Ton
                                                   8" - 3 SF Pieces

         105001                                     1½" - 2" Patio             95 SF / Ton
                                                   8" - 3 SF Pieces
         105004                                    2" - 2½" Patio              75 SF / Ton
                                                   8" - 3 SF Pieces
         105005                                2½" - 3" Garden Path            60 SF / Ton
                                                 8" - 3 SF Pieces




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                          39
Three Rivers Stone®
      Tumbled Flagstone
Irregular flagstone, tumbled to give the appearance of having been
water worn or weathered.
Palletized flat on approx 4000 lbs pallets.
      Item ID                           Description                              Approx. Coverage

      300168                  1½" - 2" Patio– Special Order                         95 SF / Ton
                                     8‖ - 3 SF Pieces
      300000                          2" - 2½" Patio                                75 SF / Ton
                                     8‖ - 3 SF Pieces
      300193                          2" - 2½" Small                                75 SF / Ton
                                            6‖ +
      300212              2” - 2½” Tumbled Garden Path (TGP)                        60 SF / Ton
                          Saw cut on at least 2 sides and tumbled
                                      6‖ - 14‖ Pieces
      300211              2½” - 3” Tumbled Garden Path (TGP)                        75 SF / Ton
                          Saw cut on at least 2 sides and tumbled
                                      6‖ - 14‖ Pieces
      300035                  2½" - 3" Patio– Special Order                         60 SF / Ton
                                     8‖ - 3 SF Pieces

      300200                          2" - 2½" Large                                75 SF / Ton
                                      2 - 6 SF Pieces




40                                          All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Three Rivers Stone®
         Ledge
Naturally occurring strips of stone.
Palletized in approx 3500 lbs
         Item ID                                      Description             Approx. Coverage

         200000                             Garden Wall Ledge                   35 SF / Ton
                                 2‖ - 8" Face x 4‖ - 8" Bed x Random Length
         200168                                Mason Ledge                      48 SF / Ton
                                2‖ - 8" Face x 2‖ - 4" Bed x Random Length




         Tumbled Garden Wall Ledge
Tumbled to give the appearance of water worn or weathered.
Palletized flat on approx 3000 lbs pallets.
         Item ID                                      Description             Approx. Coverage

         300052                         Tumbled Garden Wall Ledge               35 SF / Ton
                                 2‖ - 8" Face x 2‖ - 4" Bed x Random Length




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                             41
Three Rivers Stone®
       Natural Thin Veneer
Natural edged Thin Veneer is under 14 lbs. per SF.
Palletized in 100 SF / 75 LF crates, two crates per pallet.

       Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage

       200014                             Natural Flats                              100 SF/Crate
                                  2‖ - 4‖ Face x 1‖ Bed + ½"
       200031                           Natural Corners                               75 LF/Crate
                                  2‖ - 4" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"
       200103                          Natural Cobble                                125 SF/Crate
                       Irregular shapes from 5‖-12‖ Face x 1" Bed ± ½"

       200053                               Quoins                                    75 LF/Crate
                                  8‖ - 16‖ Face x ½" - 2‖ Bed

       200118               Thin Veneer Sills- Special Order                                N/A
                       2¾‖ ± ¼‖ Face x 2½" Bed, Sand Blasted Edge

(Custom Cut Thin Veneer is available. See page 66. Ask your Representative for details)




42                                            All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Three Rivers Stone®
         Tumbled Thin Veneer
Tumbled Thin Veneer is under 14 lbs. per SF, two crates per pallet.
Palletized in approx 1250 lbs crates

         Item ID                                      Description              Approx. Coverage

         200044                                   Tumbled Flats                 100 SF/Crate
                                           2‖ - 4" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"
         200056                                 Tumbled Corners                 75 LF/Crate
                                           2‖ - 4" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"
         200101                          Tumbled Cobble Veneer                  125 SF/Crate
                             Irregular shapes from 5‖-12‖ Face x 1" Bed ± ½"


(Custom Cut Thin Veneer is available. See page 66. Ask your Representative for details)




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                              43
Three Rivers Stone®

      Thin Veneer EZPAK

Thin Veneer flats & corners in a stackable crate
designed for transporting with ease.
Crate size is 12" W x 18" L x 10" H
      Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage

      200045CMF                     EZPAK Natural Flats                              10 SF/EZPAK
                                 2‖ - 4" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"
      200046CMF                   EZPAK Natural Corners                               7 LF/EZPAK
                                 2‖ - 4" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"

      200063CMF                    EZPAK Tumbled Flats                               10 SF/EZPAK
                                 2‖ - 4" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"

      200064CMF                  EZPAK Tumbled Corners                                7 LF/EZPAK
                                 2‖ - 4" Face x 1" Bed ± ½"

 (Custom Cut Thin Veneer is available. See page 66. Ask your Representative for details)




44                                           All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Three Rivers Stone®
         Wall Rock
Angular shaped pieces.
Palletized in approx 3500 lbs pallets.
         Item ID                                      Description      Approx. Coverage

         200001                                       Wall Rock          35 SF / Ton
                                                    6‖ - 12" Pieces




         Tumbled Wall Rock
Tumbled to give the appearance of water worn or weathered.
Palletized flat on approx 3000 lbs pallets.
         Item ID                                      Description      Approx. Coverage
         300208                                 Tumbled Wall Rock        35 SF / Ton
                                                  6‖ - 12" Pieces




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                      45
Three Rivers Stone®
      Slabs
Similar to flagstone, only larger.

      Item ID                                Description                               Approx. Coverage
      205000                                    Slabs                                           N/A
                                     3‖ - 12" Thick x Random Sizing




      Boulders
Large pieces of angular shaped stone.
      Item ID                                Description                               Approx. Coverage
      205002                              Loose Boulders                                        N/A
                                         18" x 18" - 48" x 48"
      200212                                Mini Boulders                                       N/A
                                     12" - 18" Palletized in Crates




                        Additional charges will apply for dimensional tolerances.
                          Additional charges will apply for palletized boulders.
46                                                All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Three Rivers Stone®                                                 L
                                                               E CIA NLY
                                                             SP R O
                                                                 E
         Tumbled Pavers
                                                            O RD
Dimensionally cut, then tumbled to give a weathered
or water worn appearance.
         Item ID                                      Description                     Approx. Coverage
         300004                                   6" x 6" x 2½" - 3"                         N/A
         300006                                  6" x 12" x 2½" - 3"                         N/A

         300007                                 12" x 12" x 2½" - 3"                         N/A

         305274                                 12" x 18" x 2½" - 3"                         N/A




                            Ask your sales representative for select thickness, if needed.
L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                                     47
Three Rivers Stone®

       Bubblers
Our bubblers come in a variety of sizes with a pre-drilled 1‖ core.

       Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage
       205350                           Mini Bubbler                                        N/A
                                        6‖ - 12" Height

       205351                           Small Bubbler                                       N/A
                                        12" - 18‖ Height

       205352                          Medium Bubbler                                       N/A
                                        18‖ - 32‖ Height

       205357                            Large Bubbler                                      N/A
                                   24‖ - 32‖ Height, 300+ lbs

(Custom Bubblers are available. See page 67. Ask your Representative for details)




48                                            All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Three Rivers Stone®

         Garden Accents

Garden Steppers - Round or Heart shaped add beauty & functionality to your lawn or garden

         Item ID                                      Description           Approx. Coverage

         805009                                 Round Steppers                   N/A
                                            14" Diameter, 2‖ - 3" Thick
         805026                              Heart Shaped Steppers               N/A
                                            14" Diameter, 2‖ - 3" Thick




         Bench Tops & Legs
         Item ID                                      Description           Approx. Coverage

         205186                                     Bench Legs                   N/A
                                              2 legs 14" x 15" x 4" - 6"
         205187                                Small Bench Top                   N/A
                                        3"+ T x 14" - 18" W x 30" - 42" L
         205188                                 Large Bench Top                  N/A
                                           3"+ T x 14" - 18" W x 42"+ L




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                           49
Three Rivers Stone®
        Address Numbers & Pot Feet


        Item ID                Description                              Approx. Coverage
        805017              Pot Feet (3 pack)                                    N/A
                            3" H x 3" L x 2" W
        805015            5" Numbers & Letters                                   N/A
        805016            7" Numbers & Letters                                   N/A




        Fabrication Services
Cutting Services
     Core Hole Drilling
     Radius Cuts
     Gauging

Edge Treatments
     Bullnose
     Demi Bullnose
     Drip Edge
                                                                                  Radius Cut
     Thermal Edges
     Sandblasting

                             Bullnosed Edges
50                                 All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Three Rivers Stone®

                           Technical Information


                Absorption:                                            0.64%

                Compressive Strength:                                  18,319 PSI

                Weight:                                                171.38 lbs / CF

                Modulus of Rupture:                                    3,086 PSI

                Abrasion Resistance:                                   14.11

                                             Three Rivers Stone® Quarry - Challis, ID




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                     51
                                                    L
Sandstone                                      E CIA NLY
A sedimentary rock.                         SP R O
                                                E
      Arizona                              O RD
The most popular of all the sandstones: wide assortment of colors
ranging from red to buckskin.
Stand Up — Palletized in approx 3500 lbs pallets.
      Item ID                           Description                              Approx. Coverage
      100111BL                       1¼" Minus Blush                                   155 SF
                                      4 - 12 SF Pieces
      100111OK                   1¼" Minus Classic Oak                                 155 SF
                                    4 - 12 SF Pieces
      100112                          1¼" Minus Red                                    155 SF
                                      4 - 12 SF Pieces
      100113                         1¼" Minus Rosa                                     155 SF
                                      4 - 12 SF Pieces
      100114                       1¼" Minus Buckskin                                   155 SF
                                     4 - 12 SF Pieces


      100030BL                        1" - 2" Blush                                    130 SF
                                     4 - 12 SF Pieces
      100030OK                     1" - 2" Classic Oak                                 130 SF
                                     4 - 12 SF Pieces
      100032RD                         1" - 2" Red                                     130 SF
                                     4 - 12 SF Pieces
      100033                           1" - 2" Rosa                                    130 SF
                                     4 - 12 SF Pieces
      100034                         1" - 2" Buckskin                                  130 SF
                                      4 - 12 SF Pieces




52                                          All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Sandstone
A sedimentary rock.

       Arizona
The most popular of all the sandstones: wide assortment of colors
ranging from red to buckskin.
Patio - Pieces of flagstone palletized flat on approx 3500 lbs pallets.
       Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage
       105023BL                 1" - 2" Blush– Special Order                             130 SF
                                        1 - 4 SF Pieces
       105023OK                       1" - 2" Classic Oak                                130 SF
                                        1 - 4 SF Pieces
       105025                    1" - 2" Red– Special Order                              130 SF
                                        1 - 4 SF Pieces
       105026                            1" - 2" Rosa                                    130 SF
                                        1 - 4 SF Pieces
       105027                 1" - 2" Buckskin– Special Order                            130 SF
                                       1 - 4 SF Pieces




53                                            All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Sandstone
            Tumbled Arizona
Tumbled to give a weathered or water worn appearance
Available in Classic Oak & Rosa
Palletized in approx 4000 lbs pallets.
      Item ID                        Description                              Approx. Coverage
      300149OK                    2" ± ¼" Oak Patio                                  83 SF
                                   1 - 4 SF Pieces

      300149RS                   2" ± ¼" Rosa Patio                                  83 SF
                                   1 - 4 SF Pieces

         (Other colors may be available upon request. Ask your Representative.)




54                                       All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Sandstone

        Arizona Technical Information


     Absorption by Weight:                   3.1%

     Density:                                147.9 lbs / ft³

     Modulus of Rupture:                     N/A

     Compressive Strength:                   11,900 PSI




55                           All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Natural Fieldstone
A stone collected from the surface of fields where it occurs naturally.
Moss & lichens are prevalent.
       Black Lichen
Naturally angular, easily stacked brown pieces of porous stone covered with black & green
lichens. Palletized in approx 3500 lbs pallets.
       Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage

       105133                               Cobbles                                   35 SF / Ton
                                8‖ - 12‖, 12‖ - 18‖ and 18‖ - 24‖




       Flat Lava
Porous flat lava flow. Irregular shapes with moss and lichens.
Palletized in approx 3000 lbs pallets.
       Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage

       105110                          1” - 3” Flat Lava                              45 SF / Ton
                                       1 to 3 SF pieces

       105112                          3” - 5” Flat Lava                              30 SF / Ton
                                       1 to 3 SF pieces

       205328                          Flat Lava Slabs                                     N/A
                                       3 to 6 SF pieces




56                                            All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Natural Fieldstone

         Cold Water Canyon

Wavy natural lava flows. Similar to Moss Rock, dark brown to black with lichens.
Palletized in approx 3500 lbs pallets.
         Item ID                                      Description             Approx. Coverage

         105045                                       Regular                   50 SF / Ton
                                           2‖ - 3" Thick 1 - 3 SF Pieces
         105045                                       Large                     35 SF / Ton
                                          3" - 4" Thick 1 - 3 SF Pieces
         105046                                       Slabs                        N/A
                                           4" - 12" Thick 2' x 2' - 6' x 6'




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                             57
Natural Fieldstone
      Moss Rock
Moss rock is a product of volcanic activity. Found in colors ranging from
reddish-brown to dark brown to black. Highlighted by moss & lichens.
Shapes range from angular to round.
Palletized in approx 3000 lbs baskets.
      Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage

      205006                               Cobbles                                   35 SF / Ton
                               8" - 14", 12" - 18" and 18‖ - 24‖
      205006                          Loose Boulders                                       N/A
                                     150 lbs. - 5000 lbs.




                 Angular                                                       Round

58                                           All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
                                                                                L
Cobbles, Pebbles & Boulders                                                E CIA NLY
                                                                        SP R O
                                                                            E
         Canadian Mica                                                 O RD
Irregular shaped pieces of granite & mica rubble. available in pink or green.
Pallets are approx 5000 lbs.
         Item ID                                      Description                  Approx. Coverage
         205286                             Palletized Mini Boulders                    N/A
                                                     12" - 18"
         205306                                   Loose Boulders                        N/A
                                                     18" - 48"




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                                  59
Cobbles, Pebbles & Boulders
      Colorado River Cobbles
These fracture free oval and round stones are hand selected and
washed colors are gray, red, blue, tan, black & white speckled.
Palletized in approx 2500 lbs baskets.
      Item ID                          Description                              Approx. Coverage
      205169                       4" - 7" Flat Skippers                          100 SF / Ton
                                  Approximately 1" Thick
      205168                          6" - 12" Flats                               40 SF / Ton
                                       1" - 3" Thick
      205230                         3" - 6" Cobbles                               40 SF / Ton


      205229                         6" - 8" Cobbles                               40 SF / Ton


      205167                        8" - 12" Cobbles                               35 SF / Ton




60                                         All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Cobbles, Pebbles & Boulders

         Glacier Mist
Angular pieces of rubble. Bluish - gray with white highlights.
Palletized in approx 3000 lbs baskets.

         Item ID                                      Description      Approx. Coverage
         205018                                   6” - 12” Cobbles       35 SF / Ton

         205146                                   Loose Boulders            N/A
                                                   150 - 300 lbs.




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                      61
Cobbles, Pebbles & Boulders

      Gold Rush Cobbles
Beautiful Stone with a lot of color right out of the old Placer Gold Mine.
Limestone, Quartz, Schist, and Slate mixed together. A nice natural blend of smooth irregular shaped
river rock. Palletized in approx 3000 lbs baskets.
      Item ID                           Description                               Approx. Coverage
      205181                         6" - 12" Cobbles                                    35 SF / Ton




62                                          All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Cobbles, Pebbles & Boulders

      Golden Brown River Cobbles
Hand sorted cobble with rich colors of golden rust tones, browns and grays
Palletized in approx 3000 lbs baskets.
      Item ID                           Description                               Approx. Coverage
      205179                         6" - 12" Cobbles                                    35 SF / Ton




63                                          All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Cobbles, Pebbles & Boulders
      Mexican Pebbles
Hand picked from the beaches of Mexico.
Packaged in approx 3000 lbs maxi bags.
      Item ID                         Description                              Approx. Coverage
      205027                        ¼" Mixed Color                           1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag
      205028                     ⅜" - ⅝" Mixed Color                         1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag
      205029                     ½" - 1" Mixed Color                         1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag
      205030                      1" - 2" Mixed Color                        1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag
      205111                      2" - 3" Mixed Color                        1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag

      205031                         ½" - 1" Black                           1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag
      205103                         1" - 2" Black                           1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag
      205032                         2" - 3" Black                           1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag
      205033                         3" - 5" Black                           1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag
      205105                        6" - 10" Black                           1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag

      205034RD                        ½"- 1" Red                             1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag
      205035RD                        1" - 2" Red                            1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag
      205036RD                        2" - 3" Red                            1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag
      205048RD                        3" - 5" Red                            1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag
                              Special Order Only
      205034                          ½"- 1" Tan                             1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag
      205035                          1" - 2" Tan                            1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag
      205036                          2" - 3" Tan                            1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag
      205048BF                        3" - 5" Tan                            1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag




64                                        All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Cobbles, Pebbles & Boulders
      Misty Mountain Cobbles
Multi Colored creek cobbles
Packaged in approx 3500 lbs baskets.
      Item ID                          Description                             Approx. Coverage
      205319                       6” - 12” Cobbles                               35 SF / Ton




65                                        All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Cobbles, Pebbles & Boulders            L
                                  E CIA NLY
      New York Street Cobbles  SP R O
                                   E
                              O RD
Hand pitched granite cobbles
Palletized in approx 3000 lbs pallets.

         Item ID                                      Description           Approx. Coverage

         205025                         Original 18th Century Cobbles         33 SF / Ton
                                         Worn on one side from decades of
                                          use in the streets of New York
                                                  4" x 4" x 7½" - 10"
         205144                           New Cobbles, Salt & Pepper          33 SF / Ton
                                              4" x 4" x 7½" - 10"




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                           66
Cobbles, Pebbles & Boulders
       Pamy
This river stone mixes soft pastel colors of pinks, purples, grays, & reds.

       Pebbles - Smooth oval and round shaped pebbles. Palletized in 3000 lbs maxi bags.
       Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage
       205120                                 ¼"                                 1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag

       205121                                 ⅜"                                 1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag

       205122                                 ½"                                 1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag

       205123                                 ⅞"                                 1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag

       205124                                 1½"                                1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag
       205125                                  3"                                1 Cu Yd / Maxi Bag


       Cobbles - Same smooth shapes as pebbles, but larger. Palletized in 3000 lbs baskets.
       Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage
       205126                                3" - 6"                                  35 SF / Ton

       205127                               6" - 10"                                  35 SF / Ton




67                                            All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Cobbles, Pebbles & Boulders

         Yosemite Cobbles
Hand sorted cobble with soft earth tones and water worn edges.
Palletized in approx 3000 lbs baskets.
         Item ID                                      Description      Approx. Coverage
         205275                                   6" - 12" Cobbles         35 SF / Ton




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                      68
Ultimate Pond Products
One Box, One Delivery, One Day to Build
A complete water feature kit. Comes with a pond & waterfall pump, a 45mil
liner and everything you need to build a pond and waterfall including the
stone. Available in Three Rivers Stone® or Bluestone, depending on region.

      Pond & Waterfall in a Box®
Pallet weighs approx 1850 lbs

      Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage
      700052         Three Rivers Stone® Pond & Waterfall in a Box®                      5’ x 8’
      700061               Bluestone Pond & Waterfall in a Box®                          5’ x 8’




      Pondless Waterfall in a Box®
Pallet weighs approx 1850 lbs
      Item ID                            Description                              Approx. Coverage
      700054        Three Rivers Stone® Pondless Waterfall in a Box®                     5’ x 8’
                                                                          ®
      700063             Bluestone Pondless Waterfall in a Box                           5’ x 8’




69                                           All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Ultimate Pond Products
One Box, One Delivery, One Day to Build




         Pond in a Box®
Pallet weighs approx 1200 lbs
         Item ID                                      Description            Approx. Coverage
         700065             Three Rivers Stone® Pond & Waterfall in a Box®       5’ x 5’




         Bubbler in a Box™
Pallet weighs approx 700 lbs
         Item ID                                      Description            Approx. Coverage
         700066                   Three Rivers Stone® Bubbler in a Box™          5’ x 5’




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                            70
Ultimate Pond Products
                                                                             ER
                                                                      O   RD
                                                                  IAL
                                                                EC
                                                          SP

Water Feature Component Parts
         Item ID                                      Description                 Approx. Coverage
         700067                     2’ x 2’ Tub with Water Grate & Mesh                N/A

         700011                     3’ x 3’ Tub with Water Grate & Mesh                N/A

         700012                     4’ x 4’ Tub with Water Grate & Mesh                N/A


         700077                          160 GPH Submersible Pump                      N/A

         700015                          225 GPH Submersible Pump                      N/A

         700014                          450 GPH Submersible Pump                      N/A

         700013                          1100 GPH Submersible Pump                     N/A

         700009                          2000 GPH Submersible Pump                     N/A


         700010                        LED Ring Light with Hose Barb                   N/A




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                                 71
Custom Thin Veneer
Select from any of our stone or provide us with your own stone for fabrication. Our stone fabrica-
tion specialists will evaluate your chosen stone for yield and waste percentages to provide an es-
timate of raw material required. All stone, including waste, will be shipped once your job has
been produced. Fabrication will be charged as a flat rate per square foot, in addition to the cost
of stone.


                                      Program Highlights


    Create your own Thin Veneer blend adding a personal touch to the design of your project.

    Most any stone, most any mix, staggered sizing available when possible.

    Choose your material from our extensive catalog or let us locate a unique product through our

     national network of suppliers.

    Mock up boards will be produced for a nominal fee.

    Free samples will be provided for jobs over 2,000 SF.




72                                            All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
Custom Bubblers
L&W Stone Corporation is excited to introduce Natural Stone Custom Bubblers. Select your
stone and create your own custom water feature out of cobble, wall rock, column rock or
boulders. We will core-drill the stone of your choice with a 1‖ diameter up to 32‖ long. Fabrication
will be charged in addition to the cost of stone. Ask your salesperson for details.



                                                  Custom Bubblers




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                              73
                                     Glossary of Terms
Absorption:
The process by which a liquid is taken into (soaked up by) another substance and held there.

Accelerator:
A material used to speed the setting of mortar, epoxy, and polyester resins.

Adhered:
A term used for veneer secured and supported through adhesion to an approved bonding material applied
over an approved backing.

Anchor:
Device for securing stone to a structure.

Argillite:
A compact metamorphic rock composed mainly of clay, aluminum silicate minerals. Similar to slate in
appearance and splitting properties, but usually much harder.

Arkosic Sandstone:
A sandstone where much feldspar is present, ranging from unassorted products of granular disintegration
of granite to partly sorted river-laid or even marine deposits.

Arris:
It is either a natural or applied line on the surface of the stone from which all leveling and plumbing is
measured.

Ashlar:
A thin stone shaped into squares or rectangles. For facing a wall of rubble or brick.

Backing:
The part of a veneer wall behind the exterior facing which is designed to support load.

Basalt:
A dark gray to black polygonal shaped, dense to fine grained igneous rock, that is relatively high iron and
magnesia minerals and relatively low in silica.

Base:
The bottom course of a stone wall, or the vertical first member above grade of a finished floor.

Bed:
The place or material in which stone, block or brick is laid. Or the depth of the stone against the face.

Bleed:
Staining action caused by corrosive metals, oil-based putties, mastics, caulking or sealing compounds.

Bluestone:
A hard fine-grained feldspathic and micaceous sandstone of greenish-brown to bluish gray.


74                                                 All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
                                           Glossary of Terms
Broken:
Irregular shaped pieces of flagstone, traditionally palletized on edge.

Calcite:
Is a carbonate mineral and the most stable polymorph of calcium carbonate. CaCO3.

Calcite Streaks:
A white or milky like streak in a stone. This happens when a crack or split in the stone occurs, and has
been re-cemented by a deposit of calcite. Is structurally sound.

Cement:
A dry finely ground powder mixture of lime, clay and gypsum. When mixed with water causes a chemical
reaction to occurs that hardens the mixture. Portland Cement Type 1 is the most common.

Cladding:
The lightweight outer skin of a building that does not carry any weight nor support the building, but which
protects it from the elements.

Cleavage:
The ability of a stone to break along natural surfaces

Cobblestone:
A naturally rounded stone used primarily for paving.

Coping:
A flat stone used as a cap on walls, or around the perimeter of patios and pool decks.

Curbing:
Blocks of stone bordering streets, walks, etc

Cut Stone:
All stone that has been cut or machined to a predetermined size or shape.

Cutting Stock:
Any material that sole purpose is to be fabricated into another product.

Dimensional Stone:
Stone, cut and shaped to a pre-specified size and shape.

Dowel:
A metal pin used in aligning and strengthening joints.

Dressed or Hand Dressed:
The process of cutting out rough chunks, by hand to create a square or rectangular shape.

Drip:
A recessed cut under a sill or projecting stone to throw off water.

L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                                       75
                                     Glossary of Terms
Dry Wall / Dry Stack:
Stone walls that are constructed by stacking one stone upon another without the use of mortar.

Efflorescence:
When water moving through a wall or other structure, or water being driven out as a result of the heat of
hydration as cement stone is being formed, brings salts to the surface that are not commonly bound as
part of the cement stone. As the water evaporates, it leaves the salt behind, which forms a white, fluffy
deposit, that can normally be brushed off. The resulting white deposits are referred to as "efflorescence".
Since primary efflorescence brings out salts that are not ordinarily part of the cement stone, it is not a
structural, but, rather, an aesthetic concern.

Face:
The exposed portion of a stone.

Feldspathic Sandstone:
Sandstone rich in feldspar; Intermediate in composition between Arkosic sandstone and quartz
sandstone, made up of 10-25% feldspar and less than 20% matrix material.

Flagstone:
A stone so evenly stratified that it can be split into uniform thicknesses. Not a type of stone but a cut of
stone.

Gauge:
The process of grinding a pieces of material to a uniform thickness.

Granite:
A common and widely occurring type of intrusive, felsic, igneous rock. Granite has a medium to coarse
texture, occasionally with some individual crystals larger than the groundmass forming a rock known as
porphyry. Granites can be pink to dark gray or even black, depending on their chemistry and mineralogy.

Head:
The end of a stone that has been tooled to match the face.

Hearth:
A brick or stone-lined fireplace or oven used for cooking and/or heating. In fireplace design, the hearth is
often considered the visible elements of the fireplace, with emphasis upon the floor level extension of
masonry associated with the fireplace mantel.

Igneous Rock:
One of the three main classifications of rock. Formed by solidification of cooled magma (molten rock), with
or without crystallization, either below the surface as intrusive (plutonic) rocks or on the surface as
extrusive (volcanic) rocks. Their have been over 700 types of igneous rock identified.

Irregular:
Pieces of flagstone that are a non-dimensional shape.



76                                                 All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
                                           Glossary of Terms
Joint:
The space between stones.

Jumper:
In veneer patterns, a piece of stone of higher rise than adjacent stones.

Lava:
A molten rock expelled by a volcano during an eruption. Although lava is quite viscous, with about
100,000 times the viscosity of water, it can flow great distances before cooling and solidifying, When it has
stopped moving, lava solidifies to form igneous rock.

Limestone:
is a sedimentary rock composed largely of the mineral calcite (calcium carbonate).

Marble:
A non-foliated metamorphic rock resulting from the metamorphism of limestone, composed mostly of
calcite (a crystalline form of calcium carbonate).

Metamorphic Rock:
One of the three main classifications of rock. The result of the transformation of a pre-existing rock type,
the protolith , in a process called metamorphism, which means "change in form". The protolith is subjected
to heat (greater than 150 degrees Celsius) and extreme pressure causing profound physical and/or
chemical change. The protolith may be sedimentary rock, igneous rock or another older metamorphic
rock. Metamorphic rocks make up a large part of the Earth's crust and are classified by texture and by
chemical and mineral assemblage (metamorphic facies). They may be formed simply by being deep
beneath the Earth's surface, subjected to high temperatures and the great pressure of the rock layers
above. They can be formed by tectonic processes such as continental collisions which cause horizontal
pressure, friction and distortion. They are also formed when rock is heated up by the intrusion of hot
molten rock called magma from the Earth's interior.

Mortar:
A material used in masonry to bind construction blocks together and fill the gaps between them.

Natural Bed:
The setting of the stone on the same plane as it was formed in the ground.

Natural Cleft:
When flagstone is split along a natural seam, the remaining uneven surface is referred to as Natural Cleft.

Obsidian:
A type of naturally occurring glass formed as an extrusive igneous rock.

Palletized:
A system of stacking stone either vertically or horizontal on wooden pallets.




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                                      77
                                    Glossary of Terms
Patio:
In the L&W Stone lexicon it refers to smaller pieces of irregular flagstone palletized flat. Sometimes called
steppers, colonial or garden path.

Quartzite:
A hard, metamorphic rock which was originally sandstone. The sandstone is converted into quartzite
through heating and pressure usually related to tectonic compression within orogenic belts. Pure quartzite
is usually white to grey. Quartzite's often occur in various shades of pink and red due to varying amounts
of iron oxide. Other colors are due to impurities of minor amounts of other minerals.

Quoins:
Stones at the external corner or edge of a wall emphasized by size, projection or by a different finish.

Rhyolite:
An igneous, volcanic rock of silicon rich composition.

Rubble:
A broken stone, of irregular size and shape.

Sandstone:
A sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-size mineral or rock grains. Most sandstone is composed of
quartz and/or feldspar because these are the most common minerals in the Earth's crust. Like sand,
sandstone may be any color, but the most common colors are tan, brown, yellow, red, gray and white.
Sandstones are clastic in origin (as opposed to organic , like chalk and coal, or chemical, like gypsum and
jasper). They are formed from cemented grains that may either be fragments of a pre-existing rock or be
mono-minerallic crystals. The cements binding these grains together are typically calcite, clays and silica.
Grain sizes in sands are in the range of 0.1 mm to 2 mm (clays and rocks with smaller grain sizes
including siltstones and shale's are typically called argillaceous sediments; rocks with larger grain sizes
including breccias and conglomerates are termed rudaceous sediments).

Sedimentary Rock:
One of the three main classifications of rock. Rock formed from sediments cover 75 - 80% of the Earth's
land area, and includes common types such as Chalk, Limestone, Dolomite, Sandstone Conglomerate &
Shale. Sedimentary rocks are formed because of the overburden pressure as particles of sediment are
deposited out of air, ice, wind, gravity, or water flows carrying the particles in suspension. As sediment
deposition builds up, the overburden (or 'lithostatic') pressure squeezes the sediment into layered solids in
a process known as lithification ('rock formation') and the original connate fluids are expelled. The term
diagenesis is used to describe all the chemical, physical, and biological changes, including cementation,
undergone by a sediment after its initial deposition and during and after its lithification, exclusive of
surface weathering.

Sawn edge:
A clean cut edge generally achieved by cutting with a saw.




78                                                All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice. L&W Stone 2011 Catalog.
                                           Glossary of Terms
Schist:
Schist's form a group of medium-grade metamorphic rocks, chiefly notable for the preponderance of
lamellar minerals such as micas, chlorite, talc, hornblende, graphite, and others. Quartz often occurs in
drawn-out grains to such an extent that a particular form called quartz schist is produced. By definition,
schist contains more than 50% platy and elongated minerals, often finely interleaved with quartz and
feldspar. The individual mineral grains in schist, drawn out into flaky scales by heat and pressure, can be
seen by the naked eye. Schist is characteristically foliated, meaning the individual mineral grains split off
easily into flakes or slabs.

Snapped Edge:
A natural breaking of a stone either by hand or machine. The break should be at right angles to the top
and bottom surfaces.

Strata:
A layer of rock or soil with internally consistent characteristics that distinguishes it from contiguous layers.
Each layer is generally one of a number of parallel layers that lie one upon another, laid down by natural
forces. They may extend over hundreds of thousands of square kilometers of the Earth's surface. Strata
are typically seen as bands of different colored or differently structured material exposed in cliffs, road
cuts, quarries, and river banks. Individual bands may vary in thickness from a few millimeters to a
kilometer or more. Each band represents a specific mode of deposition — river silt, beach sand, coal
swamp, sand dune, lava bed, etc.

Template:
A pattern for repetitive marking or for fabrication.

Tolerance:
Dimensional allowances in size and thickness due to stone being a product of nature and is not found in
exact measurements.




L&W Stone 2011 Catalog. All Prices Subject to Change Without Notice.                                          79

				
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