ISOBAR Softeners _ Filters by niusheng11

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									Water Softeners
Presented by: Kevin Parker – Chandler Systems/WaterSoft Inc.
         The Residential Water
          Treatment Market
   $2.5 to $5 billion dollar industry
   Growing at 7-10% annually
   No “off season”
   Less than 38% of homeowners currently have
    treatment devices in their homes
   Well, pump, and plumbing contractors currently
    play only a minor role in this industry.
                                                      Source:
                                      WQA -Frost and Sullivan
                                       Market research report
               The Growing Market for
                  Water Treatment
•85% of the United States has to cope with hard water.
                                                               U.S. Geological Survey

•Water problems such as Iron, Ph, H2S, etc are also     prevalent
in many parts of the country
•Municipal water supplies are the fastest growing markets for water
treatment dealers

                                                   0 - 3.5 grains per gallon

                                                   3.5 - 7 grains per gallon

                                                   7 - 10.5 grains per gallon

                                                   greater than 10.5 grains

                                                 Moderate to very
                                                   hard water
WaterSoft Electronic Demand Water Softeners
                   • Softeners stocked in Blue color
                   •Capacity in Grains
                             24 grains = .75 cu.ft
                             32 grains = 1 cu.ft
                             48 grains = 1.5 cu.ft
                             64 grains = 2 cu.ft
                   •Resin Comes installed in unit
                   •Softeners come in 2 boxes
                        1 – Softener
                        2 – Brine Tank
Water Sample Analysis Form
           Sample Collection Tips
   Completely fill out analysis form
   Sample from cold water supply only
   Allow water to run for at least two minutes
   Private well Never collect sample from bottom of the
    pressure tank…..sample should be taken before
    pressure tank if possible
   Always fill bottle to the top with as little air as possible
   Private well application need to know pumping rate
        Checking Pumping Rate
   Using a garden hose connect to drain valve at
    tank and run to drain.
   Open valve and run until pressure switch closes
    to start the pump.
   Once the pump has started place hose in five
    gallon bucket and record time to fill.
   Ex: five gallon bucket filled in 30 seconds this
    represents a 10 GPM pumping rate.
General Water Treatment
     Terminology
             Water Treatment Terms
   Hardness
       Calcium (Ca++) & Magnesium (Mg++).
            Note Hardness could be expressed as gpg, mg/l or ppm. If expressed as mg/l
             or ppm divide by 17.1 to reach gpg.
   Compensated Hardness
       gpg of hardness + (Ferrous iron+Manganese)x4
            Example 10 gpg of hardness + (1ppm of iron + .5ppm of Manganese)x4 =
             16gpg of compensated hardness
   Ferrous Iron (Fe++)
       Soluble - a dissolved solid (clear iron)

   Ferric Iron (Fe+++)
       Red iron or visible (Ferric ends with “IC” as in I see the iron)
            Note: Can NOT be removed with a softener, so if you can see it don’t
             put it through a softener!
   Manganese
       Clear (Mn++)
         Compensated hardness
Grains per gallon of hardness = 10gpg
Ferrous Iron = 1ppm
Manganese = .5ppm
        Formula to convert Ferrous iron and Manganese as
         follows:
                       Ferrous iron –              1 ppm
                       Manganese -            + .5 ppm
                       Combined                   1.5 ppm
                       Hardness ratio         x    4
                       Equivalent hardness         6 gpg
                       Calculated hardness    + 10 gpg
                       Compensated hardness       16 gpg
                     Resin vs. Media
   Resin
       Used in softeners only
            Shipped installed in tank
   Media
       Used in Provectrs and Back Washing Filters
            Shipped separately for field installation based on
             application
                        Freeboard
   This is the distance from the top of the media or
    resin to the top of the tank.
   This space is required during the regeneration
    process to allow room for the media or resin to
    lift.
       Aproximate freeboard dimensions are as follows:
          9 x 48 Tank – 14 inch
          10 x 24 Tank – 15 inch

          13 x 48 Tank – 15 inch

          13 x 54 Tank – 15 inch
The Vortech Difference
The Vortech Difference
Water Softeners
What Hardness can do to your
        Plumbing
What Hardness Can Cost You!
BENEFITS OF SOFT WATER
              Reduces soapy residues on
               clothes and skin
              Helps make hair shinier, skin
               cleaner, and clothes cleaner and
               brighter
              Makes household cleaning easier
               and less expensive
              Reduces soap scum and scaling,
               decreasing use of costly
               detergents
              Improves water flow, reduces
               scale deposits in your pipes
              Reduces water heating bills
              Reduces hard water scaling of
               appliances and plumbing
                  Softener Facts
   Soft water is considered to be 3 gpg or less
   1 cu/ft of Resin = 32,000 grains of hardness
   15lbs of salt is required regenerate 1cu/ft of resin
   1 gallon of water will dissolve 3 lbs of salt into brine
    solution
    Regeneration is usually once per week or every six days
   Average person will use 75 gallons of water per day
        Water Softener Capacity’s
   Negatively charged Cation 32 resin capacity:
       .75 cu/ft = 24,000 grains of hardness
       1.0 cu/ft = 32,000 grains of hardness
       1.5 cu/ft = 48,000 grains of hardness
       2.0 cu/ft = 64,000 grains of hardness

   Some water treatment contractors refer to
    systems by size of resin tank:
       .75 cu/ft = 8” x 44” resin tank
       1.0 cu/ft = 9” x 48” resin tank
       1.5 cu/ft = 10” x 54” resin tank
       2.0 cu/ft = 13” x 48” resin tank
        What is a Cu/Ft of Resin?
  Family of four in a three bath residence with 16
            gpg of compensated hardness

                             Example:
Water usage (75 gallons/person) = 300 gallons/day
Daily capacity of hardness (16gpg x 300 gallons) = 4800 grains per day
Capacity based on 6 day regeneration (4800 gpd x 6 days) = 28,800 grains
  per regeneration cycle

     In this example we would use a AS32VP, DS32VP or
                      EDS32VP softener!
                    Control Valve Type Options

Timeclock (Automatic)             – Control valve is programmed to regenerate every so many
    days based on compensated hardness level and average water usage. Will bypass untreated
    water if water is used during regeneration.



Metered ( Demand ) – Control valve is programmed to regenerate every so many
    gallons based on compensated hardness level and softener capacity. Will bypass untreated
    water if water is used during regeneration.



Electronic (EDS) - Control valve is programmed to regenerate every so many gallons
    based on compensated hardness level and softener capacity with the added feature to program
    automatic override for regeneration if the unit stands idle for an extended period of time. Will
    bypass untreated water if water is used during regeneration.



Note: All control valve options are scheduled to regenerate at 2am
                 How a Softener Works

                         Soft Water
                         Out
                                                 Hard Water In

To wash off                                     Hard water fills the
hard water                                      tank. As it passes
minerals from                                   through the resin,
the resin,                                      the hard water ions
brine water in                                  are attracted to the
injected into                                   resin. By the time
the softener.                                   the water gets to
                                                the bottom of the
                                                tank, it’s soft.



                  Brine Tank   Water Softener
Ion Exchange
Isobar feature – 5 minute rinse, packing the bed
10 minutes
60 minutes
Same, slow brine draw, 60 minutes
Rapid rinse, 10 minutes
Tail end of rapid rinse, 5 minutes
4-24 minutes
        Softener Questions to ask
   Need to know flow rate OR number of
    bathrooms (IE: multiple shower head units)
   Need to know the number of people in the
    residence
   Need to know compensated hardness
   Need to know type of residence (permanent
    residence or vacation home)
                 WaterSoft Water Softener General
                          Specifications
                                                AS24P          AS32P          AS48P          AS64P
                                               AS24VP         AS32VP         AS48VP         AS64VP
                                               DS24P*1         DS32P          DS48P          DS64P
  General Specifications                       DS24VP         DS32VP         DS48VP         DS64VP
                                               EDS24P         EDS32P         EDS48P         EDS64P
                                              EDS24VP        EDS32VP        EDS48VP        EDS64VP
Grains Capacity/lbs. Salt per Generation       25000/12       31400/15      47100/22.5      62700/30
                                               18100/6        29200/12       43700/18       58300/24
                                                              21800/6        32700/9        43600/12
Max. Raw Water Hardness (grains)                  50             75             100            100
Max. Clear Iron / Manganese (ppm)                  3              5              5              5
Cation 32tm Exchange Resin (cu.ft)               0.75             1             1.5             2
Mineral Tank (polyglass)                         8 x 44         9 x 48        10 x 54        13 x 48
Brine Tank (polyethylene w/grid)                18 x 33        18 x 33        18 x 33        18 x 33
Service Flow Rate (gpm)                            7              8             8.7            9.8
Backwash Flow Rate (gpm)                         1.61           1.96            2.4            3.5
Pressure Drop psig @ Rated Service Flow gpm   10/7; 12/7     11/8; 13/8       15/7.8         15/9.8
Space Required (D x W x H) in Inches          18 x 26 x 51   18 x 27 x 55   18 x 28 x 61   18 x 30 x 59
Approximate Shipping Weight in lbs.               88             100            133            164
Iron Removal
What Iron can do to your
       Plumbing
Iron, Manganese &
    Sulfur Gas
 The Troublesome Trio
     Three MUSTS for Success

1.    Conduct proper water analysis

2.    Apply the equipment properly

3.    Size the equipment properly
                 Negative Effects of Iron
• Red or orange colored staining of plumbing fixtures and laundry
  • Staining of sidewalks, buildings and plants during irrigation
                 Analytical Measurement
• Measured in milligrams per liter (mg/l) or parts per million (ppm)
         • Staining threshold is .30 mg/l (ppm) or higher
    • Reduction goal is iron content less than .30 mg/l (ppm)




              Primary Treatment Methods
         -Cation Exchange Water Softeners (Ferrous)
           - Aeration/Filtration (Ferrous & Ferric)
- Chlorination/Dechlorination (Ferrous, Ferric & Iron Bacteria)
                               Iron

• Ferrous Iron (Fe++) - Soluble - a dissolved solid ( clear )
                        + O2 (oxidation)
• Ferric Iron (Fe+++) - Insoluble - a suspended solid ( solid
particle )
      - Oxidation reaction is more rapid at pH 7.0 or above


• Iron Bacteria - Living non-pathogenic organism (Gallionella,
Crenothrix, Leptothrix )
      - Can cause fouling of traditional water treatment
equipment
        - Usually, if iron bacteria is present, iron level will be
high
                   Negative Effects of Manganese

• Brown or black staining of plumbing fixtures and laundry
• Less likely to cause staining problems in irrigation systems

                          Analytical Measurement
• Measured in milligrams per liter (mg/l) or parts per million (ppm)
• Staining threshold is .05 mg/l (ppm)
• Reduction goal is manganese content below .05 mg/l (ppm)

                        Primary Treatment Methods
               - Cation Exchange Water Softener (Manganous)
                 - Aeration/Filtration (Manganous/Manganic)
- Chlorination/Dechlorination (Manganous, Manganic & Manganese Bacteria)
                 Hydrogen Sulfide Gas (H2S)



Originates from bacterial decomposition of natural organic matter

 Can be accompanied by Sulfur (Sulfate) Reducing Bacteria
    indicated by black, clear, gray or white slime growth in water closet of toilet

 When exposed to oxygen (O2), changes chemically into elemental sulfur
           Negative Effects of Hydrogen Sulfide
               Produces the distinctive “rotten egg” odor
  Very corrosive ( tarnishes/oxidizes metals such as silver and copper )

                    Analytical Measurement
   Measured in milligrams per liter (mg/l) or parts per million (ppm)
 Must be tested on site with a field test kit ( smell both cold & hot side )
         As little as .05 mg/l can be detected by certain people
 Quantity of H2S can fluctuate dramatically with change in atmospheric
               pressure, water table depth, time of year, etc.
Odor on hot side only can be corrected by removal or replacement of water
                              heater anode rod

                 Primary Treatment Methods
                           -Aeration/Filtration
                 - Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)/Filtration
                     - Chlorination/ Dechlorination
                        - Oxidizing Media Filters
      Aeration/Filtration Method
   The most versatile method to solve the previous
    problems is the aeration/filtration process
   In this process air will be introduced via an
    inline injector
   The water will then enter an aeration tank (AP)
    where the contact time of the oxygen and water
    will bring the Ferric iron out of solution
    allowing it to be filtered from the water
WaterSoft Provectr ®
        About WaterSoft Provectrs®
   Provectrs come in two separate boxes; the AP tank
    (aerator tank) and the Filter
   As with the Softeners filter tanks can be referred to by
    their size as follows:
       9 x 48 = 1 cu.ft
       10 x 54 = 1.5 cu.ft
       13 x 48 = 2 cu.ft
       13 x 54 = 2.5 cu.ft
   Same size aerator tank on all units, same size injector
      About WaterSoft Provectrs ®
   FW Webb Company stocks the Provectr in a
    neutral color
   Provectrs have a 1” stainless steel bypass
   Provectr Isobar valves are threaded
   FW Webb stocks media in pails
   Media is put into the Provectr by removing the
    threaded valve from the tank.
      About WaterSoft Provectrs ®
   Provectrs use different medias to treat different issues, you must
    order media separately
   The most commonly used media is Multi-BlendTM which is a mix
    of neutralizer, Filter AGTM, BirmTM, and CorosexTM
   Multi-Blend removes iron – Ferrous (clear) & Ferric (red)
   The life expectancy of the media is 8-10 years depending on ph
    and manganese
   Multi-Blend has the ability to raise ph from 6.0 to 7.0 and higher
   Provectrs automatically come with Vortech plates making gravel
    under-bed unnecessary. Gravel under-bed only needed if re-
    bedding an older unit.
            Provectr Applications
   Removes Iron, Manganese, Sulfur
   Removes Iron+Manganese better the higher the pH
   Removes Sulfur better @ a lower pH
   Adjusts pH as low as 6.0 to neutral
   Multi-blend = Birm, Filter-Ag, Neutralizer
   Birm alone can be used if pH is above 7 and Iron +
    Manganese removal is the application
   Centaur Carbon can be used if pH is neutral and sulfur
    removal is the application
Iron & Manganese Removal
Provectr Filter Specs.
                    Media Selection Depends on the application.
     Model                               Requires                          Total Cubic Feet
  AF9LFMP10BN                          (1) cubic foot                 9” Diameter Tank = 1 cu.ft
  AF10LFMP10BN                       (2) 3/4 cubic feet              10” Diameter Tank = 1.5 cu.ft
  AF12LFMP10BN                         (2) cubic feet                12” Diameter Tank = 2 cu.ft
  AF13LFMP10BN                (1) cubic foot (2) 3/4 cubic feet      13” Diameter Tank = 2.5 cu.ft
  G9LFMP10BN                           (1) cubic foot                 9” Diameter Tank = 1 cu.ft
  G10LFMP10BN                        (2) 3/4 cubic feet              10” Diameter Tank = 1.5 cu.ft
  G12LFMP10BN                          (2) cubic feet                12” Diameter Tank = 2 cu.ft
  G13LFMP10BN                 (1) cubic foot (2) 3/4 cubic feet      13” Diameter Tank = 2.5 cu.ft

                 All filters are less media & with Bottom Plates (Vortech).

     Media                         Removal Capabilities                         Model


   Multi-Blend                  Iron Removal in Provectrs                  MB100 & MB075
     Carbon                  Taste & Odor (chlorine) Removal               AC100 & AC075
    Filter-Ag                       Sediment Removal                       FA100 & FA075
   Neutralizer                         Increases pH                        NE100 & NE075


                           100 = 1cubic foot   75 = 3/4 cubic foot


Note: Due to the Vortech Plate, no gravel is needed. Gravel only needed when re-
                 bedding older units without the Vortech Plate.
    Specifics to Remember on a good Provectr
            Application & Installation
    Pump requirements are very important
    Must have a minimum flow rate to backwash the unit
     of:
       5gpm for the AF9 & AF10
       6gpm for the AF12
       7gpm for the AF13
    Need 15psi higher then the cut out pressure at the
     inlet of the injector
    Injectors do not need to be adjusted or set
    Same injector for all models
The Injector
    Specifics to Remember on a good Provectr
            Application & Installation
   Provectrs use the same model AP (aerator) tank on all
    models – 7 x 35
   You can order a super size (10 x 54) tank by adding the
    suffix “SS” to the Provectr part number, the super size
    tank allows longer contact time
   Standard AP tanks are placed after the well tank and
    pressure switch
   Super size AP tanks are placed before the well tank and
    pressure switch
   Shut off valves and unions are recommended before
    and after the AP tank
Provectr Installation
    Specifics to Remember on a good Provectr
            Application & Installation
   A pressure gauge should be installed in front of
    the injector
   There must be 6” of straight pipe before and
    after the injector
   Injector connections are 1”
   AP tank connections are 1”
G-Series Filter Flow
G-Series / UpFlow
                                         Media Selection Depends on the application.



           Model                                           Requires                                         Total Cubic Feet
     AF9LFMPBPN10B                                       (1) cubic foot                                9” Diameter Tank = 1 cu.ft
    AF10LFMPBPN10B                                     (2) 3/4 cubic feet                             10” Diameter Tank = 1.5 cu.ft
    AF12LFMPBPN10B                                       (2) cubic feet                                12” Diameter Tank = 2 cu.ft
    AF13LFMPBPN10B                              (1) cubic foot (2) 3/4 cubic feet                     13” Diameter Tank = 2.5 cu.ft
      G9LFMPBPN10B                                       (1) cubic foot                                9” Diameter Tank = 1 cu.ft
     G10LFMPBPN10B                                     (2) 3/4 cubic feet                             10” Diameter Tank = 1.5 cu.ft
     G12LFMPBPN10B                                       (2) cubic feet                                12” Diameter Tank = 2 cu.ft
     G13LFMPBPN10B                              (1) cubic foot (2) 3/4 cubic feet                     13” Diameter Tank = 2.5 cu.ft



                                   All filters are less media & with Bottom Plates (Vortech).




           Media                                     Removal Capabilities                                        Model


        Multi-Blend                                Iron Removal in Provectrs                                MB100 & MB075
          Carbon                               Taste & Odor (chlorine) Removal                              AC100 & AC075
          Filter-Ag                                   Sediment Removal                                       FA100 & FA075
         Neutralizer                                     Increases pH                                       NE100 & NE075


                                             100 = 1cubic foot   75 = 3/4 cubic foot


Note: Due to the Vortech Plate, no gravel is needed. Gravel only needed when re-bedding older units without the Vortech Plate.
TROJAN UV MAX SPECS




     Model          UV-MAX C       UV-MAX E     UV-MAX F       UVMAXPS7 UVMAXPS15 UV-VIQUA

      Lamp           602805         602806        602807         602806         602807        602805
     Sleeve          602732         602733        602734         602733         602734        602732
    Max GPM             14             28           47             8.2           17.8           14
  Inlet / Outlet     3/4 NPT        3/4 NPT       1 NPT          1 NPT          1 NPT        3/4 NPT
 Failure Alarm          x              x            x               x              x             x
 NSF Approved                                                       x              x
    Chamber        19.5 x 3.5in.   29 x 3.5in. 43.5 x 3.5in.   29 x 3.5in.   43.5 x 3.5in. 19.5 x 3.5in.
    Solenoid                        Optional     Optional       Optional       Optional
TFC-3 Reverse Osmosis
     RO Membrane Cross Section




Permeate=water that passes through the membrane and becomes product water
Concentrate=water that passes across the membrane but becomes reject water
Reverse Osmosis Installation
     Drinking Water Contaminants
   Hardness 3.5gpg                    Softener

   Iron .3ppm                         Softener / Provectr

   Manganese .05ppm                   Softener / Greensand

   Nitrate = 10ppm                    TFC-3 Reverse Osmosis

   Total Dissolved Solids 500ppm      TFC-3 Reverse Osmosis

   pH 7.0 – 8.5                       Neutralizer or White Vinegar

   Bacteria                           Chlorination / Ultra Violet
Water Sample #1
Water Sample #1 Recommendation
Water Sample #2
Water Sample #2 Recommendation
Water Sample #3
Water Sample # 3 Recommendation
Water Sample #4
Water Sample #4 Recommendation
Water Sample #5
Water Sample #5 Recommendation
Water Sample #6
Water Sample #6 Recommendation
Thank you for Coming

								
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