1 HO Pulmonary - The Respiratory System 1)Which word is misspelled? A)exspiration B) eupnea C)expectoration D) empyema 2)Which combining form means lung? A)pulmon/o- B) thorac/o- C) pleur/o- D) alveol/o- 3)Antibiotics are used to treat pneumococcal pneumonia because the condition is caused by a: A)virus. B) dust particle. C)fungus. D) bacterium. 4)Breathing that is easier in an upright position is called: A)bradypnea. B) orthopnea. C) tachypnea. D) dyspnea. 5)Which is a form of pneumoconiosis? A)tuberculosis B) anthracosis C)bronchiectasis D) atelectasis 6)Which is the name for the hollow spheres of cells within the lungs where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged? A)cilia B) parenchyma C)alveoli D) bronchioles 7)Which patient would have an elevated serum carboxyhemoglobin? A)a man who attempted suicide by staying in a running car in a closed garage B)a premature newborn C)a former cigarette smoker with advanced emphysema D)an elderly woman with Legionnaires' disease with multiple organ involvement 8)For the patient's cough the physician prescribed the antitussive drug: A)hydrocodone (Hycodan). B) cromolyn (Intal). C)albuterol (Proventil). D) rifampin. 9)Which combining form means breast bone? A)mediastin/o- B) cost/o- C)stern/o- D) thorac/o- 10)The medical procedure performed with a stethoscope is called: A)expectoration. B) auscultation. C)intubation. D) aspiration. 11)An example of COPD would be: A)bronchiectasis. B) acute bronchitis. C)chronic bronchitis. D) bronchospasm. 12)Which is a condition that accompanies heart failure and is characterized by noninfectious fluid build-up in the alveoli and lung tissues? A)pneumonia B) pleural effusion 2 C)pulmonary edema D) empyema 13)Which abbreviation does not stand for a type of dyspnea or difficulty breathing? A)PND B) DOE C) PPD D) SOB 14)An example of a URI would be: A)acute bronchitis. B) pneumonitis. C)nasopharyngitis. D) pleuritis. 15)Which finding would create an abnormal ABG result? A)hypercapnia B) rhonchi C)expectoration D) hemoptysis 16)Which sound will be heard on inspiration? A)rales B) tubercles C) sputum D) clubbing 17)The patient had a positive reaction to the Mant oux test. What would be the next test done on this patient? A)pulmonary function tests to measure breathing capacity B)arterial blood gases to determine the level of breathing impairment C)culture and sensitivity of his throat D)a chest x-ray to identify suspicious lesions 18)Reactive airway disease is also known as: A)aspiration. B) asthma. C) atelectasis. D) asbestosis. 19)Which device would indicate to a physician that the patient has hypoxemia? A)pulse oximeter B) face mask C)ventilator D) cannula 20)Patients on mechanical ventilation may also require a ____________ to provide access to the lungs. A)thoracentesis B) bronchoscopy C)thoracotomy D) tracheostomy 21)Which drug is not used to treat asthma? A)salmeterol (Serevent) B) isoniazid (INH) C)triamcinolone (Azmacort) D) cromolyn (Intal) 22)Which is the medical word for voice box? A)epiglottis B) trachea C) pharynx D) larynx 23)The turbinates are located in the: A)nasal cavity. B) hilum. C)pleural cavity. D) thorax. 24)Which serious disease is genetically linked or inherited? A)respiratory distress syndrome B) cystic fibrosis C)chronic bronchitis D) sudden infant death syndrome 25)Pulmonology is the study of the: A)lungs. B) alveoli. C) sternum. D) trachea. 3 26)As the nasal cavity continues posteriorly, it merges with the upper part of the throat or: A)trachea. B) bronchus. C) pharynx. D) larynx. 27)The lidlike structure that seals off the larynx is called the: A)epiglottis. B) trachea. C) pharynx. D) esophagus. 28)Which structure is composed of smooth muscle rather than cartilage? A)bronchioles B) bronchial tree C)bronchi D) lumen 29)The irregularly shaped area between the two lungs that contains the trachea is called the: A)sternum. B) diaphragm. C)mediastinum. D) thorax. 30)Which is not a basic function of the respiratory system? A)serving as a passageway through which air can enter and leave the body B)exchanging carbon monoxide for oxygen C)warming and moistening incoming air D)mechanically causing air to flow into the lungs 31)A prolonged, extremely severe, life-threatening asthma attack is known as: A)bronchitis. B) status asthmaticus. C)bronchospasm. D) bronchiectasis. 32)The abbreviation COPD stands for: A)chronic obstructive pulmonary distress. B)cardiopulmonary distress. C)cardiopulmonary disease. D)chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 33)Which is a high-pitched, harsh, crowing sound due to obstruction in the trachea or larynx? A)wheezes B) rales C) rhonchi D) stridor 34)A localized collection of pus in the thoracic cavity is: A)emphysema. B) asthma. C)influenza. D) empyema. 35)Which is a severe and sometimes fatal bacterial infection that begins with flu-like symptoms, body aches, and fever, followed by severe pneumonia with possible liver and kidney degeneration? A)influenza B) Legionnaire's disease C)emphysema D) asthma 36)Another name for anthracosis is: A)charcoal lung disease. B) green lung disease. C)gray lung disease. D) black lung disease. 37)Pneumonia that affects all the lobes of one lung is called: A)double. B) lobar. C) panlobar. D) single. 4 38)Coughing up blood-tinged sputum is known as: A)hemoptysis. B) expectoration. C)hematemesis. D) hemothorax. 39)The abbreviation AFB stands for: A)acid-fast bacterium. B) acid formed bacteria. C)acid formed bacillus. D) acid-fast bacillus. 40)The abbreviation PND stands for: A)pleural nocturnal dyspnea. B) paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea. C)pulmonary nocturnal disease. D) paroxysmal nocturnal disease. 41)Which is a Greek word that means without a pulse? A)tachypnea B) anoxia C) asphyxia D) anoxic 42)An abnormally low level of oxygen at the cellular level is called: A)cyanosis. B) hypoxemia. C)hypercapnia. D) hypoxia. 43)In unventilated spaces, carbon monoxide from smoke or car exhaust builds up in the bloodstream, combining with hemoglobin in the blood to form: A)carbon dioxide. B) oxygen. C)embolus. D) carboxyhemoglobin. 44)The diagnostic procedure to measure the capacity of the lungs and the volume of air that the lungs can move during inhalation and exhalation is called: A)Heimlich maneuver. B) pulmonary function test. C)pulse oximetry. D) arterial blood gases. 45)Which is a handheld device that is used to manually breathe for the patient on a temporary basis? A)ventilator B) nasal cannula C)Ambu bag D) respirator 46)Which is a procedure that removes one entire lung? A)lobectomy B) tracheostomy C)pneumonectomy D) thoracotomy 47)Which drug is used to suppress the cough center in the brain? A)antibiotic B) antitubercular C)expectorant D) antitussive 48)The form in which oxygenated blood travels from the lungs to the heart is called: A)respiration . B) oxyhemoglobin. C)deoxygenated blood. D) inhalation. 49)The anatomical part of the lungs where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged is the: A)alveoli. B) bronchiole. C) trachea. D) bronchi. 5 50)Which is a waste product of metabolism that is exhaled by the pulmonary system? A)carbon monoxide B) oxyhemoglobin C)oxygen D) carbon dioxide 51)Muscles that lie between the ribs are called the: A)thoracic muscles. B) pleura. C)intercostal muscles. D) diaphragm. 52)A patient comes into the hospital for treatment of an acute infection of the bronchi that he has had for two days. He has a fever of 104 degrees, and a productive cough. The most likely name of this condition is: A)chronic bronchitis. B) bronchiectasis. C)asthma. D) acute bronchitis. 53)Incomplete expansion or collapse of part or all of a lung due to mucus, tumor, or a foreign body that blocks the bronchus is called: A)atelectasis. B)bronchiectasis. C)stridor. D)adult respiratory distress syndrome. 54)Which is an inherited, eventually fatal disease of the exocrine cells that is carried by a recessive gene? A)cystic fibrosis B) bronchiectasis C)emphysema D) atelectasis 55)A localized collection of purulent material in the thoracic cavity is called: A)empyema. B) chronic bronchitis. C)pneumonia. D) pneumococcal pneumonia. 56)Which of the following types of pneumonia affects only one lobe of a lung? A)bronchopneumonia B) double pneumonia C)lobar pneumonia D) panlobar pneumonia 57)Which is the word for abnormally high levels of carbon dioxide in the arterial blood? A)hypercapnia B) cyanosis C)carboxyhemoglobin D) hypoxemia 58)The combining form mucos/o- means: A)respiration. B) mucous membrane. C)lung. D) nasal. 59)The combining form parenchym/o- means: A)mucosa. B) wall of a cavity. C)GI tract. D) runctional cells of an organ. 60)Which is true of the thoracic cavity? A)It is the cavity for the gastrointestinal system. B)It is superior to the cranial cavity. 6 C)It is inferior to the pelvic cavity. D)It contains the lungs and structures in the mediastinum. 61)Irregular crackling or bubbling sounds during inspiration are called: A)stridor. B) rales. C) rhonchi. D) wheezes. 62)Which word means incomplete expansion or collapse of part or all of a lung due to mucus, tumor, trauma, or a foreign body that blocks the bronchus? A)abnormal breath sounds B) atelectasis C)stridor D) ARDS 63)Which is a Greek word that means inflation? A)pneumonia B) bronchitis C) emphysema D) sputum 64)Empyema means: A)pneumophila. B)chronic, irreversibly damaged alveoli that become large air spaces that trap air. C)purulent. D)localized collection of pus in the thoracic cavity. 65)Which is true about an opportunistic infection? A)The microorganism waits in the body for an opportunity to cause disease. B)It always occurs as a lung infection. C)It is also called SARS. D)It is seldom serious or critical. 66)Difficult, labored, or painful respiration due to lung disease is known as: A)dyspnea. B) paroxysma. C)expectoration. D) cough. 67)Emphysema is part of which disease? A)RDS B) SIDS C) COPD D) TB 68)Which respiratory disease is found almost exclusively in patients with AIDS? A)COPD B) pneumocystis carinii pneumonia C)eupnea D) anthracosis 69)Pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs) is caused by: A)obstructive sleep apnea. B) left-sided congestive heart failure. C)smoking. D) tuberculosis. 70)Empyema is: A)bluish discoloration of the skin. B) Pus in the thoracic cavity. C)extra air filling the alveoli. D) an occupational lung disease. 71)A car accident patient with a hemothorax has ____________ in the chest cavity. A)pus B) fluid C) blood D) air 7 72)Which of these healthcare professionals would perform endotracheal intubation? A)all of the above B)paramedic in an ambulance C)anesthesiologist in the operating room D)physician in the emergency department 73)The medical word for a collapsed lung is: A)cystic fibrosis. B) apnea. C)atelectasis. D) aspiration pneumonia. 74)Which instrument is used to visualize the area when endotracheal intubation is performed? A)bronchoscope B) nasal cannula C)lung scan D) laryngoscope 75)The medical abbreviation for shortness of breath (SOB) when exercising is: A)CXR. B) URI. C) DOE. D) CPR. 76)Which of these abbreviations stands for a device that delivers a premeasured dose of medication to the lungs when the patient inhales? A)TPR B) MDI C) CPAP D) O2 77)A lobectomy is the surgical removal of: A)the larynx. B) a part of the lung. C)the mediastinum. D) the trachea. 78)The phrase "lobar pneumonia" indicates: A)that the patient aspirated food into the lungs. B)what part of the lung is affected by pneumonia. C)when the pneumonia occurred. D)that a bacteria caused the pneumonia. 79)Intercostal retractions in respiratory distress syndrome are visible: A)in the flaring nostrils. B) between the ribs. C)as bluish discoloration of the skin. D) none of the above 80)The Heimlich maneuver is performed for persons who: A)have carbon monoxide poisoning from a fire. B)have stopped breathing. C)are having an asthma attack. D)are choking on food. 81)Respiration consists of: A)inspiration and exhalation. B) inspiration and inhalation. C)breathing in and inhalation. D) breathing out and exhalation. 82)A normal depth and rate of respirations is known as: A)eupnea. B) dyspnea. C) apnea. D) tachypnea. 83)Patients who have to sit upright to sleep have: A)pulmonary embolism. B) tuberculosis. C)cyanosis. D) orthopnea. 8 84)Which of the following measure the oxygen level in the blood? A)spirometry and carboxyhemoglobin B)chest x-ray and auscultation C)pulse oximeter and arterial blood gas D)culture and sensitivity 85)All of the following combining forms mean breath or air EXCEPT: A)pne/o-. B) hal/o-. C) steth/o-. D) spir/o-. 86)Which is the misspelled word? A)pnumonia B) tachypnea C)eupnea D) pneumonectomy 87)A normal depth and rate of respiration is known as ____________. 88)Mr. Smith's lung cancer was inoperable; therefore he was referred to a/an ____________, a physician who treats cancers medically. 89)The physician suspected tuberculosis when George Richards complained of ____________, or coughing up blood. 90)The patient had bluish-gray discoloration of his skin from abnormally low levels of oxygen and high levels of carbon dioxide in his body. His abnormal coloration is called ____________. 91)To indicate that a surgical incision was made into the chest cavity to access the lung, the thoracic surgeon dictated: "A ____________ was performed." 92)The medical word for a collapsed lung is ____________. 93)A/an ____________ ____________ ____________ automatically delivers a pre-measured dose or puffs of a bronchodilator or corticosteroid to a person who has asthma. 94)PCP or Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia is often a complication of an advanced stage of ____________. 95)Blockage of one of the pulmonary arteries with a blood clot or fat globule is called a pulmonary ____________. 96)Using aspirin to relieve symptoms of influenza in a child could cause ____________ syndrome. 97)The medical word for the windpipe is the ____________. 98)The ____________ nerve causes the diaphragm to contract and initiate inhalation. 99)The protein-fat compound that creates surface tension and keeps the walls of the alveoli from collapsing is called ____________. 9 100)The ____________ are three long, bony projections in the nasal cavity that break up and slow down air as it is inhaled through the nose. 101)____________ means pertaining to a normal rate and rhythm of breathing. 102)Blood that contains low levels of oxygen and high levels of carbon dioxide is called ____________ blood. 103)____________ is a high-pitched, harsh, crowing sound due to obstruction in the trachea or larynx. 104)____________ is an occupational lung disease also known as coal miner's lung. 105)____________ is a general word for any occupational lung disease caused by chronically inhaling some type of dust or particle. 106)Infection of some or all of the lobes of the lungs and the bronchi is called ____________. 107)A pulmonary ____________ is a blockage of one of the pulmonary arteries due to a blood clot or fat globule. 108)The nasal cavity is divided internally by the nasal ____________ into right and left sides. 109)As the nasal cavity continues posteriorly, it merges with the upper part of the throat or ____________. 110)During swallowing, muscles in the neck pull the larynx up to meet the ____________, a lidlike structure that seals off the larynx, so food moves across the top of the epiglottis and into the esophagus, not into the larynx. 111)____________ is an adjective that refers to the bronchi and the lungs. 112)The ____________ is a hollow sphere of cells that expands and contracts with each breath. 113)All the alveoli are collectively known as the pulmonary ____________, the functional part of the lung, as opposed to the connective tissue framework that surrounds and supports the alveoli. 114)The ____________ is a bony cage that consists of the ____________ (breast bone) anteriorly, the ribs laterally, and the spinal column posteriorly. 115)The ____________, an irregularly shaped area between the two lungs, contains the trachea. 10 116)The inferior aspect of the thoracic cavity is covered by the ____________, a muscular sheet that contracts to enlarge the thoracic cavity and draw in air. 117)The respiratory control center sends nerve impulses to the ____________ nerve, causing the diaphragm to contract and initiate inspiration. 118)____________ consists of breathing in and breathing out. 119)Breathing in is known as ____________ or ____________. 120)Breathing out is known as ____________ or ____________. 121)____________ is a hypersensitive reaction of the bronchioles to a triggering agent. 122)____________ is the medical word for the windpipe. 123)____________ is the medical word for the throat. 124)____________ is the unit of measurement that a physician uses to describe the amount and duration of cigarette smoking. 125)Exposure to ____________ has been found to be the reason that inner- city poor children have high rates of asthma. 126)A nasal cannula provides the patient with the additional ____________ that he or she needs. 127)The smallest air passageways to the lungs are called ____________. 128)Cigarette smoking immobilizes and eventually destroys the ____________, small hairs that line the respiratory tract. 129)The phrenic nerve stimulates the ____________ to begin the process of inhalation. 130)The opposite of tachypnea is ____________. 131)Expiration can have two meanings: to breathe out and to die. 132)The purpose of an endotracheal intubation is to establish an airway in a patient. 133)A Heimlich bag is a handheld device to temporarily manually assist breathing in a patient. 134)The medical transcriptionist typed: "The patient's nasal mucus membranes were swollen and inflamed." The transcriptionist spelled all of the words in the sentence correctly. 135)Pulmon/o- and pne/o- are both combining forms meaning lung. 11 136)Hypoxemia is low oxygen in the blood; hypoxia is low oxygen at the cellular level. 137)PPD is an abbreviation for a chest x-ray view. 138)An incentive spirometer encourages deep breathing in a postsurgical patient. 139)The presence of AFB in sputum could indicate a tuberculosis infection. 140)A common cause of walking pneumonia would be Streptococcus pneumoniae. 141)An abnormally low levels of oxygen in the arterial blood is called oxyhemoglobin. 142)Asthma is characterized by the sudden onset of hyper-reactivity of the bronchioles. 143)The small tubular branches of airway that carry air into and out of the alveoli are called bronchi. 144)Oxygen is a waste product of aerobic metabolism. 145)Although the lungs are similar in size, the right lung is slightly larger and has three lobes, while the left lung only has two lobes. 146)A carboxyhemoglobin test is done to measure the level of carbon monoxide in the patient's blood when carbon monoxide poisoning is suspected. 147)An oximeter is a small, noninvasive device that measures the oxygen saturation in a patient's blood. 148)Supplemental oxygen is given to patients to raise their oxygen levels. 149)A bronchoscope is a surgical procedure that uses a flexible lighted tube to examine the trachea and bronchi. 150)The terms thoracentesis and thoracocentesis mean the same thing. 151)Endotracheal intubation is used to establish an airway for the patient who is not breathing. 152)The epiglottis is a lidlike structure that closes the larynx when food is swallowed and directs food into the esophagus. 153)A pneumonectomy is a surgery to treat patients with asthma. 154)The right lung has two lobes and the left lung has three lobes. 12 155)Chronic bronchitis plus emphysema equals chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 156)Double pneumonia is pneumonia that is twice as severe as regular pneumonia. 157)Tuberculosis is caused by a virus. 158)The suffix -pnea means breathing.
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