Strasbourg, 5 September 2001 EG/Sem/Peace (2001) 2 Bilingual Inventory of initiatives and actions regarding women and peacebuilding in Europe Inventaire des initiatives et actions concernant les femmes et la construction de la paix en Europe by/par Ancil Adrian-Paul Consultant Expert / Experte consultante International Alert, United Kingdom/Royaume-Uni Strasbourg, 5 September 2001 EG/Sem/Peace (2001) 2 Bilingual Inventory of initiatives and actions regarding women and peacebuilding in Europe Inventaire des initiatives et actions concernant les femmes et la construction de la paix en Europe prepared for the Steering Committee for equality between women and men (CDEG) préparé pour le Comité directeur pour l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes (CDEG) by/par Ancil Adrian-Paul Consultant Expert / Experte consultante International Alert, United Kingdom/Royaume-Uni This document is the sole responsibility of the author and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Council of Europe Ce document n’engage que la responsabilité de son auteur et ne reflète pas nécessairement les opinions du Conseil de l’Europe If women, who are 50 percent of the world’s population, made up 50 percent of any negotiating body, whether it be at the local, national, or international level, there would be a 50:50 chance of peaceful resolutions of disputes and conflicts. Women have fathers, husbands, brothers and sons. In conflicts, it is likely that they would become fatherless, widows and lose brothers and sons and the economic as well as emotional support of their menfolk. This must be the strongest reason of all for listening to women who seek ways to avoid such a situation that not only leads to personal deprivation but also causes hardship and the collapse of communities. Women have a vested interest in peace. Si les femmes, qui représentent 50 % de la population mondiale, comptaient 50 % de membres au sein de tous les organes de négociation, que ce soit aux niveaux local, national ou international, il y aurait 50 % de chances de parvenir à un règlement pacifique des litiges et des conflits. Les femmes ont des pères, des maris, des frères et des fils. Lors de conflits, elles risquent bien souvent de devenir orpheline de père, veuve et de perdre leurs frères et leurs fils ainsi que le soutien économique et affectif des membres masculins de leur famille. C’est la principale raison pour laquelle il faut écouter les femmes qui cherchent des moyens d’éviter une telle situation, qui non seulement conduit à des drames personnels, mais provoque aussi la souffrance et la ruine des communautés. Les femmes ont un intérêt légitime à voir s’instaurer la paix. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Thanks are due to a number of people for this work. Firstly, we would like to thank Emily Armistead for her sterling support and enthusiasm in assisting to get this project off the ground. We also thank Bethan Cobley and Dessy Roussanova for their support and encouragement. The Council of Europe‟s CDEG members and the staff of the Equality Division who have been so supportive. Finally, without the co-operation of the organisations themselves, the Inventory would not have been possible. REMERCIEMENTS Nous voudrions remercier un certain nombre de personnes pour leur contribution à ce travail. Merci tout d‟abord à Emily Armistead pour son soutien sans faille et l‟enthousiasme avec lequel elle nous a aidés à lancer ce projet. Merci également à Bethan Cobley et à Dessy Roussanova pour leur aide et leurs encouragements, ainsi qu‟aux membres du CDEG et au personnel de la Division Egalité du Conseil de l‟Europe, qui nous ont si bien soutenus. Enfin, cet inventaire n‟aurait pas été possible sans la coopération des organisations elles-mêmes. 5 Contents/Table des matières Introduction / Introduction ........................................................................................................ 6/7 Definitions / Définitions ........................................................................................................ 12/13 Part I: Organisations based in member States of the Council of Euorpe ........................ 15 Partie I: Organisations basées dans les Etats membres du Conseil de l‟Europe ............. 15 Part II: Organisations based in non-member States......................................................... 78 Partie II: Organisations basées dans les Etats non membres ............................................ 78 Part III: International, regional and other institutions and organisations ............................. 80 Partie III: Organisations internationales, régionales et autres institutions ............................ 80 Conclusion / Conclusion ..................................................................................................... 88/89 6 INTRODUCTION The end of the Cold War raised hopes of new possibilities for sustainable world peace driven by unprecedented levels of co-operation among members of the international community. Instead, there has been disappointment and the fuelling of more intra-state conflicts than any other time in our history. One result of this is the fragmentation of countries and the rise of larger numbers of nation states breaking up along the fault lines of ethnicity, language, religion and other issues. The disintegration of the Soviet Union, economic crises and the development of many ethnic and political conflicts in the former republics of the USSR created a new and unexpected challenge to the global community. Serious interethnic tensions, conflicts in Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova, Tajikistan and Russia as well as the eruption of violence in South-East Europe resulted in the death of thousands, huge refugee and internally displaced flows, devastated regional economies and serious setbacks in the democratic development of these countries.1 Why a focus on women and peacebuilding? At the same time, the battlefield has moved to the village, the street and the home with civilians representing the overwhelming majority of the victims. Of these, it has been acknowledged by UNHCR and other agencies that women constitute at least 80 percent of these victims. Women‟s experiences in armed conflict, particularly internal conflict, include rape, systematic rape, sexual assault, forced pregnancy and abortion, among other human rights abuses. These experiences were brought to the attention of the international community and to the world during the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women, held in Beijing, China. The seminal Platform for Action which resulted from the conference states that:- violations of the human rights of women in situations of armed conflict are violations of the fundamental principles of international human rights and humanitarian law…and must be stopped immediately.2 Since then, there has been a flowering of women‟s organisations working on issues of conflict prevention, post-conflict peacebuilding and issues which continue to focus attention on the needs and conditions of women living in conflict situations. All across the globe - from South Africa to Guatemala, from Kyrgystan to Northern Ireland, women have mobilised themselves (and often their men too) to become involved in conflict prevention, peacebuilding and post-conflict activities. In pre-conflict, during conflict and in post-conflict situations, women try to work co-operatively, often transcending differences of class, race, religion and national identity which are often exploited by others. They can thus find the space in-between difficult differences. Women all over the world have been actively involved in the expanded spheres of voluntary organisations that is a feature of post-war development of societies, as such they continue to voice their rights and their desire to be included in peace processes. 1 Peacebuilding initiatives of non-governmental organisations (Program of Action); NGO Working Group on Conflict Prevention and Conflict Resolution, pg 6. Year 2000. 2 Critical Area E. Women and Armed Conflict. Platform for Action, pg 83. UN DPI, New York 1996. 7 INTRODUCTION La fin de la guerre froide a fait naître l‟espoir que s‟offriraient de nouvelles possibilités de paix mondiale durable grâce à des niveaux sans précédent de coopération entre les membres de la communauté internationale. Or, cet espoir a été déçu et l‟on a vu se déclarer un nombre de conflits interethniques sans égal dans notre histoire. Il en résulte un morcellement des pays et l‟augmentation du nombre d‟Etats nations qui se scindent pour cause de différences ethniques, linguistiques, religieuses ou autres. La désintégration de l‟URSS, les crises économiques et le développement de nombreux conflits politiques et ethniques dans les anciennes républiques soviétiques ont créé un défi nouveau et inattendu pour la communauté mondiale. Les graves tensions interethniques, les conflits en Azerbaïdjan, en Géorgie, en Moldova, au Tadjikistan et en Russie ainsi que l‟éruption de la violence dans le Sud-Est de l‟Europe ont entraîné la mort de milliers de personnes, des flux énormes de réfugiés et des personnes déplacées, des économies régionales dévastées et un grand recul de l‟évolution démocratique dans ces pays.1 Construction de la paix: pourquoi parler des femmes? En même temps, le champ de bataille s‟est déplacé, se situant désormais dans le village, la rue ou le foyer et, en conséquence, les civils représentent la majorité écrasante des victimes. Le Haut Commissariat aux réfugiés des Nations Unies et d‟autres agences ont reconnu que les femmes représentent au moins 80 % de ces victimes. Dans les conflits armés, surtout s‟il s‟agit d‟une guerre civile, les femmes sont victimes de viols – parfois systématiques –, d‟agressions sexuelles, de grossesses et d‟avortements forcés, entre autres atteintes aux droits de la personne humaine. La 4e Conférence mondiale sur les femmes organisée en 1995 à Pékin, en Chine, a attiré l‟attention de la communauté internationale et du monde sur ce que vivent les femmes dans les conflits armés, notamment les conflits intérieurs. La Conférence a adopté une Plate-forme d‟action tout à fait décisive, qui déclare que «la violation des droits fondamentaux des femmes dans les situations de conflit armé est contraire aux principes fondamentaux des droits de l’homme et du droit humanitaire reconnus sur le plan international […] il faut immédiatement [y] mettre un terme».2 On a assisté, depuis lors, à une floraison d‟organisations féminines qui s‟occupent de la prévention des conflits et de la reconstruction de la paix après la guerre, continuant de mettre l‟accent sur les besoins et les conditions des femmes vivant dans des situations de conflit. Dans le monde entier, de l‟Afrique du Sud au Guatemala, de la Kirghizie à l‟Irlande du Nord, les femmes se mobilisent (et leurs hommes aussi souvent) pour participer à la prévention des conflits, à la construction de la paix et aux activités d‟après-guerre. Que ce soit avant, pendant ou après un conflit, les femmes s‟efforcent de travailler ensemble, transcendant souvent les différences de classe, de race, de religion et d‟identité nationale que d‟autres cherchent au contraire à exploiter. Entre de difficiles différences, les femmes savent donc trouver un espace d‟entente. Dans le monde entier, les femmes se sont activement engagées dans les organisations bénévoles qui se créent toujours en grand nombre après un conflit. Elles affirment ainsi leurs droits et leur désir de participer aux processus de paix. 1 Initiatives des ONG concernant la construction de la paix (Programme d’action) ( Peacebuilding initiatives of non-governmental organisations (Program of Action)) ; Groupe de travail des ONG sur la prévention et la résolution des conflits, organisation Nonviolenc e International, p. 6. Année 2000. 2 Objectif stratégique E. “Les femmes et les conflits armés”. Plateforme d‟action, p. 83. NU DPI, New York 1996. 8 Their demand for inclusion at decision-making levels of peace processes and for a seat at the negotiating table, and the many struggles which have invigorated the women‟s movement, and while still ongoing, has resulted in some gains. These gains include a number of international agreements on women‟s rights and development supporting women‟s human rights and their equality. These include the 1979 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and its Option Protocol of 1999. Additionally, both the UN General Assembly and the Security Council have passed resolutions on the issue of women and their role in peacebuilding. Most recently, following the advocacy activities of NGOs, UN agencies and the support of several Security Council governments, the Security Council unanimously adopted UN SC Resolution 1325 on Women and Peace and Security issues (October 31 2000) which clearly sets out the need to include women in such processes. In November 2000, the European Parliament adopted its resolution on the participation of women in peaceful conflict; the report, entitled Gender- Related Aspects of the Prevention and Resolution of Armed Conflicts was written and put forward by its Committee on Women‟s Rights and Equal Opportunities. These instruments and Resolutions are fitting tributes to those women all over the world that have been recognised but also to those women at the grassroots level who have rarely, or never been seen on the world stage. The energy, fire and enthusiasm of countless organisations, strategic partnerships and alliances which were formed across regions and countries for this very purpose have been recognised through the current shift in attitude, and political will, to women and their peacebuilding roles. The Inventory In recognition of this shift and the gap in knowledge of the international com munity regarding organisations focusing on women and peacebuilding activities in Europe, the Council of Europe‟s Steering Committee for Equality between Men and Women (CDEG) supported the production of an Inventory on Initiatives and Actions regarding Women and Peacebuilding in Europe. The Inventory focuses primarily on NGOs and organisations, both women led and otherwise, involved in either conflict prevention, conflict resolution, post conflict or peacebuilding work. It excludes universities and other such organisations. It is not exhaustive, but should be seen as a starting point and a tool to be used by organisations, creating links with others and providing information on organisations engaged in this area. The CDEG has agreed to use the Inventory as a background document for the Seminar on the participation of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts being organised by the committee in Strasbourg on 20-21 September 2001. Methodology In order to collect the information from NGOs and other organisations engaged in peacebuilding activities in Europe, a questionnaire was designed and circulated to organisations with a request that they complete it with details of their work and other specific information. This was supplemented by telephone interviews, email contact and faxes. Information was drawn from the internet, annual reports and other publications produced by NGOs. The information collected was cross-checked with the members of the CDEG and by the organisations listed. 9 Les femmes ont élevé la voix pour exiger de participer aux prises de décision dans les processus de paix, pour demander une place à la table des négociations; les mouvements de femmes ont traversé, et traversent encore, avec une vigueur toujours renouvelée, de multiples batailles. Tout cela a porté quelques fruits, parmi lesquels plusieurs accords internationaux sur le développement et les droits des femmes appuyant les droits fondamentaux des femmes et leur égalité avec les hommes. Citons par exemple la Convention sur l‟élimination de toutes les formes de discrimination à l‟égard des femmes (1979) et son Protocole facultatif de 1999. En outre, l‟Assemblée générale des Nations Unies et le Conseil de Sécurité ont voté des résolutions sur la question des femmes et sur leur rôle dans la construction de la paix. Tout récemment, en réponse aux demandes des ONG et des organismes des Nations Unies, et encouragé par les gouvernements de plusieurs de ses pays membres, le Conseil de Sécurité a adopté à l‟unanimité la Résolution 1325 sur les femmes, la paix et la sécurité (31 octobre 2000) qui affirme clairement la nécessité de faire participer les femmes aux processus de paix. En novembre 2000, le Parlement européen a adopté sa Résolution sur la participation des femmes au règlement pacifique des conflits; le rapport, intitulé Prévention et règlement des conflits armés: aspects liés au genre, a été rédigé et présenté par sa Commission des droits de la femme et de l‟égalité des chances. Ces instruments et ces résolutions sont un juste hommage aux femmes du monde entier dont l‟action a été reconnue, mais aussi à celles qui travaillent à la base et qui n‟apparaissent que rarement, voire jamais, sur la scène internationale. Grâce à cette évolution des attitudes et des volontés politiques, le rôle des femmes dans la construction de la paix est désormais reconnu; c‟est à elles que l‟on doit l‟énergie, l‟enthousiasme qui animent les innombrables organisations, partenariats et alliances qui se sont formés à travers les régions et les pays à des fins de paix. L’inventaire Constatant ce changement et l‟insuffisance des connaissances de la communauté internationale au sujet des organisations s‟occupant des femmes et des activités de construction de la paix en Europe, le Comité directeur pour l‟égalité entre les femmes et les hommes du Conseil de l‟Europe (CDEG) a soutenu la rédaction d‟un inventaire sur les initiatives et actions relatives aux femmes et à la construction de la paix en Europe. L‟inventaire porte essentiellement sur les ONG et les organisations – dirigées ou non par des femmes – dont le travail est axé sur la prévention ou la résolution des conflits, les actions d‟après conflit, la construction de la paix. Il exclut les universités et organismes assimilés. Tout en n‟étant pas exhaustif, cet inventaire est un point de départ que les organisations sont censées utiliser comme un instrument, qui crée des liens et fournit des informations sur les organisations actives dans ce domaine. Le CDEG a décidé d‟utiliser cet inventaire comme document de référence lors du séminaire sur la participation des femmes à la prévention et au règlement des conflits que le comité organisera les 20 et 21 septembre 2001, à Strasbourg. Méthodologie Afin de recueillir des informations auprès des ONG et d‟autres organisations engagées dans des activités de construction de la paix en Europe, un questionnaire a été élaboré et diffusé auprès des organisations afin qu‟elles donnent des précisions sur leurs travaux et d‟autres informations spécifiques. L‟envoi du questionnaire a été complété par des entretiens téléphoniques, des contacts par courrier électronique et fax. Des informations ont été recueillies sur l‟Internet, dans des rapports annuels et d‟autres publications diffusées par des ONG. Les renseignements collectés ont été soigneusement vérifiés par les membres du CDEG et par les organisations elles-mêmes. 10 The results of the inventory highlights the fact that there are a considerable number of organisations focusing on women and peacebuilding initiatives. While these take many different forms, organisations appear to focus more on 5 main themes. These are initiatives that:: contribute to women‟s economic independence after violent conflict reduce violence against women provide legal advice assist reconstruction and reconciliation work promote women‟s involvement in politics. 11 A la lumière des résultats de cet inventaire, on constate que les organisations consacrées aux femmes et à la construction de la paix sont extrêmement nombreuses. Les initiatives sont très variées; cependant, toutes ces organisations semblent se concentrer sur cinq thèmes principaux. Elles s‟efforcent de: contribuer à l‟indépendance économique des femmes après un conflit violent; réduire la violence envers les femmes; fournir des conseils juridiques; travailler à la reconstruction et à la réconciliation promouvoir la participation des femmes à la vie politique. 12 DEFINITIONS For the purposes of this inventory the following terms are defined as stated. Conflict Prevention: Measures taken and efforts made to prevent the breakdown of peaceful conditions. It aims to prevent existing tensions from escalating into violence and to contain the spread of conflict when it occurs. This may include measures to prevent the collapse of the social fabric and the resulting fragmentation of the society. Women should be central in this. Conflict resolution: The process of building bridges between hostile communities, working to clarify issues which represent points of confrontation between them and creating new opportunities for developing renewed relationships based upon a process of peaceful change and grassroots reconciliation. The focus of this is often on men, for example, as church or community leaders. However, creating initiatives to bring women together in discussion can bring greater vibrancy and legitimacy to a peace process. Post-conflict or Peacebuilding Work: The employment of measures which consolidate peaceful relations and societal institutions in order to contribute to the creation of an environment which deters the emergence or the escalation of tensions which may lead to violent conflicts. To achieve this, the root causes of violence need to be identified and eradicated. This may involve a radical upheaval of existing structures. It is vital that this process is gendered. Sustainable, positive peace can only be achieved through democracy, egalitarianism and the protection of human rights. It is therefore essential that women‟s rights are acknowledged and safe-guarded. In this way peacebuilding does more than simply returning a society to its pre-conflict state. Post-conflict reconstruction also involves dealing with the damage caused by war. Women have particular needs in this process which are different from those of men and therefore are often overlooked. For example, the provision of psychological or physical health services or legal support in order to prosecute in cases of rape or other war crimes. 13 DEFINITIONS Les termes contenus dans cet inventaire sont définis comme suit: Prévention des conflits: mesures et efforts destinés à empêcher la détérioration d‟une situation de paix. Elle vise à ce que les tensions existantes ne dégénèrent pas en violence et à ce que le conflit, s‟il survient, ne s‟étende pas. La prévention des conflits peut comprendre des mesures visant à éviter que le tissu social ne se déchire, entraînant ainsi une fragmentation de la société. Les femmes ont ici un rôle central à jouer. Résolution des conflits: elle signifie jeter des ponts entre des communautés hostiles, chercher à clarifier les questions qui donnent lieu à confrontation, et créer de nouvelles occasions de développer de nouvelles relations basées sur un processus d‟évolution pacifique et de réconciliation à la base. Elle repose souvent sur les hommes - responsables politiques ou religieux, par exemple. Cependant, l‟implication des femmes dans les discussions peut apporter à un processus de paix plus de résonance et de légitimité. Actions d’après conflit, construction de la paix: mise en oeuvre de dispositions consolidant les relations pacifiques et les institutions sociétales, afin de créer un environnement peu favorables à l‟émergence de tensions ou à l‟escalade des tensions déjà existantes susceptibles d‟entraîner des conflits violents. Pour y parvenir, il convient d‟identifier et d‟éradiquer les causes profondes de la violence, ce qui peut impliquer un bouleversement radical des structures existantes. Il est absolument vital qu‟un tel processus implique les femmes. On ne peut atteindre de véritable paix durable qu‟à travers la démocratie, l‟égalitarisme et la protection des droits de l‟homme. Il est donc essentiel de reconnaître et de sauvegarder les droits des femmes. Ainsi, construire la paix signifie plus que simplement ramener une société à sa situation d‟avant conflit. La reconstruction de la paix après un conflit implique également la réparation des dégâts occasionnés par la guerre. A cet égard, les femmes ont des besoins particuliers, souvent différents de ceux des hommes et auxquels on ne prête souvent pas assez attention; par exemple, la mise en place de services de santé traitant des aspects physiques ou psychologiques, ou une aide juridique afin de poursuivre les auteurs de viols et d‟autres crimes de guerre. 14 15 ALBANIA PART I: ORGANISATIONS BASED IN MEMBER STATES OF THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE ALBANIA Albanian Centre of Human Rights Tirana, Albania Tel: ++355 42 39121 Contact: Kozara Kati, Director Albanian Helsinki Committee Rr. Ali Demi, Pall. 2, ap. 12, Shk 2, Tirana, Albania Tel:++355 (42) 33671 Fax:++355 (42) 33671 Contact: Vasilica Hysi, Executive Director Counselling Centre for Women and Girls PO Box 2416/1, Tirana, Albania Tel: ++355 42 33409 Fax: ++355 42 33408 E-mail: email@example.com Contact: Aida Bushati Foundation for Conflict Resolution and Reconciliation of Disputes The Foundation for Conflict Resolution and Reconciliation of Disputes, founded in 1995, seeks to contribute to the improvement of relations in Albanian society through mediation and reconciliation of disputes between both individuals and social groups. Economic and property issues are presently at the root of many such problems in Albania. The foundation has a network of mediators throughout the country. Its output includes seminars, publications, scholarly conferences, etc. It is independent and non-partisan. Rr. Him Kolli 45, Tirana, Albania Tel: +355 42 248681 Fax: +355 42 232739 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Rasim Gjoka, Executive Director AUSTRIA 16 AUSTRIA Austrian Study Centre for Peace and Conflict Resolution The Austrian Study Centre for Peace and Conflict Resolution aims to contribute to peace and peaceful conflict resolution and to the promotion of practical ideas for peace, including its developmental and environmental aspects. To further help advance its goals, ASPR established in 1988 the European University Centre for Peace Studies (EPU), an NGO with UNESCO status. The EPU concentrates on university-level programmes and courses in peace research and peace education designed mainly for post-graduate students who aspire to, or have started careers in such fields as science, education, government, culture, economics and international management. Since 1993 ASPR and EPU have provided the infrastructure, staff support and expertise for the International Civilian Peace-Keeping and Peace-Building Training Program (IPT), the first programme in this area world-wide to provide training to professionals from a variety of cultural, organisational and professional backgrounds. It aims to create a pool of civilian professional who are available for civilian peace-keeping and peace-building on a stand-by basis. Four-week courses, partly dedicated to a specialisation of choice (e.g. mediation, election assistance) are offered several times a year. As its name suggests, ASPR also carries out research. Among its main foci are European peace politics, peace education and peace movement, NGOs and social movements. These and other studies produce a steady flow of publications. ASPR also co - organises a yearly State of Peace conference, which it hosts every other year. Rochusplatz 1, A - 7461 Stadtschlaining Tel: ++ 43 3355 2498 Fax: ++ 43 3355 2662 Email: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com Website: www.uji.es.epd/epu Contact: Arno Truger (Deputy of the Executive President) Osterreichische Friedensdienste (Austrian Peace Service) Based in Austria, the APS implements its projects in Croatia and other parts of the Former Yugoslavia. The organisation was established more than five years ago. Operating bot h as a local Austrian NGO and as part of the European Network Civil Peace Service, APS is engaged with women, conflict prevention, post-conflict and peacebuilding activities. Nationally, APS is part of the platform of Austrian Peace organisations. Maiffredygasse 11, A - 8010 Graz Tel: ++ 316 38 22 58 Fax: ++ 316 38 22 58 21 Email: oefd.wien@Eunet.at Web: www.demut.at/friedensdienst Contact: Veronique Nitsche or Pete Hammerle 17 AZERBAIJAN AZERBAIJAN Conflict Research Center (CRC) CRC was founded as a non-governmental research center in partnership with the Center for International Development and Conflict management of the University of Maryland USA. It combines scholarship, research and practical applications to many of the challenges facing the country in its transitional period after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. Its main goal is institutionalisation of a culture of conflict prevention and management as an integral part of a civil society. 53 Fizuli Str,. Ent.3/61, Baku, 370014 Azerbaijan Tel.: ( +99412 ) 940836 Fax: (+99412) 940836 e-mail: GPashayeva@iatp.baku.az Gulshan_pm@yahoo.com Contact: Gulshan Pashayeva. Azerbaijan Council of Transcaucasus Women Dialogue Date of establishment: June 1994. The main goal is to contribute into development of peace and democracy in the Transcaucasus through (i) second track diplomacy, (ii) education (hence seminars). Arrange seminars for university graduate and undergraduate students from Azerbaijan and/or other Transcaucasus countries. Courses: Business Ethics; Conflict Management and Prevention; International Negotiation and/or Mediation; Leadership in the XXI Century. 108 Samed Vurgun str., apt. 71, Baku, Azerbaijan Telefax: +99412 415672 E-mail: Rsafaral@azeurotel.com Contact: Rena Safaralieva Azerbaijan Women and Development Centre A national research and practical Women‟s NGO in Special Consultative Status with UN ECOSOC, a focal point of the INSTRAW, member of “The Hague Appeal for Peace Movement”, created in 1995 to improve the status of women and children, including refugees, IDPs, people suffered from war and violence and also provides their participation in conflict resolution and peace building. 3/6, S.Rustamov str., 370001, Baku, Azerbaijan Tel.: +99412 927920 Fax: +99412 972073 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Elmira Suleymanova, President Azerbaijan Association of International Studies Comprise scientists and students from various educational institutions specialised in international relations, international law and political sciences. The association is concerned with issues of integration, human rights and conflicts. A separate committee within the association deals specifically with issues relating to the Karabakh conflict and organizes political dialogues in an effort to find a peaceful solution to the problem. 1, Adil Iskenderov str., 370004 Baku, Azerbaijan Tel: +99412 390093 Fax: +99412 933858 AZERBAIJAN 18 E-mail: email@example.com Gender and Human Rights Research Union The aim of the organisation is to carry out scientific research on gender studies, human rights problems in the process of the democratic development and ideological pluralism, participation of women in peace building and decision-making. It promotes inter-scientific collaboration on gender and human rights issues, research of socio-philosophy and law conceptions connected with gender and human rights issues. It holds training, networking, group organisation, dissemination of information. 15 Husseyn Javid av., apt.10, 370073 Baku, Azerbaijan Tel.: +99412 393747, 393461, 393827 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Azerbaijani Women’s Society “Sevil” The society provides social protection of women and children, encourages women‟s empowerment in society, works on projects to implement rehabilitation of refugees and IDPs, involves women into peace and conflict prevention actions and programmes. The main goal is women advocacy, research on gender , human rights. 96, Zardabi str., Baku 370102, Azerbaijan Tel: +99412 311277 Fax: +99412 311277 E=mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 19 BELGIUM BELGIUM Association of Protestant Development Organisations in Europe (APRODEV) APRODEV is an international non-governmental network. Established for more than five years, APRODEV implements initiatives as well as provides funds to selected organisations. APRODEV‟s main focus is on development work and humanitarian aid. They engage in projects with long term and short term local partners and other organisations worldwide. The major part of their work is on post- conflict and peacebuilding rue Joseph II 174, B-1000,Brussels, Belgium Tel: ++ 32 2 234 6840 Fax: ++ 32 2 231 1413 Contact: Karin Ulmer, Gender Officer Centre for European Security and Disarmament CESD is an international organisation which is based in Belgium but which operates as a network, locally, nationally and regionally. CESD is engaged in projects on the resolution of conflict, post -conflict activities and peacebuilding work. In their training of other NGOs and activists, CESD incorporates women‟s needs, providing training for women‟s NGOs. 115 rue Stevin, 1000 Brussels, Belgium Tel:++322 230 0732 Fax:++ 322 230 2467 Email: email@example.com Web: www.cesd.org Contact:Thomas Skold Femmes Pour la Paix This is a local NGO and worldwide network engaged in women, conflict prevention and peacebuilding activities and which has been established for more than five years. Femmes pour la Paix disseminates information through lectures and discussionS around issues of peacebuilding . The organisation also publishes a bulletin which is disseminated to their members. L‟Amazone, rue du Meridian 10, 1210 Bruxelles, Belgium Tel: ++ 33 2 229 3847 Fax: ++ 32 2 229 3801 Contact: Lyna Traducine Flemish NGO Consultation on Conflict Prevention Since early 1996 a number of Flemish peace, human rights, humanitarian and development organisations have been engaged in a regular consultation on conflict prevention. Some of the participants are involved in concrete fieldwork, e.g. mediation in Eastern Europe, while others are dedicated to advocacy work concerning certain countries or regions. Given the increasing involvement of NGOs in this field, but also the fragmented character of their activities and the know-how which both they and policy-makers possess, they decided to seek closer co-operation. This enables them to operate more effectively and to inform the official Belgian agenda. In practical terms, the co-operation means that an inventory of existing research policy and NGO initiatives is being drawn up and that a number of joint actions are to be developed. Networking with similar initiatives in Europe and the USA, in order to share information and experiences, is in full swing. The consultation will focus on three areas: development co-operation as an instrument for conflict prevention; strategies, especially for NGOs, to BELGIUM 20 prevent or resolve conflicts in the process of escalation; and the concept, methodology and strategies of peace-building. In study sessions, NGO experiences in each of these fields will be put to the test of academic knowledge. As the platform is taking shape, it is envisaged to engage in other areas such as public education, training and lobbying. Participants include War Resisters' International, the Red Cross, the International Federation for Human Rights and Amnesty International, the National Centre for Development Co-operation, and Flemish or Belgian sections of Pax Christi. c/o Pax Christi Flanders, Italiëlei 98 A, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium Tel: ++32 (3) 225 1000 Fax: ++32 (3) 225 0799 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Jef Van Hecken, Co-ordinator Pax Christi International Oude Grammarkt 21 1000, Brussels, Belgium Tel: ++ 32 2 502 5550 Fax: ++ 32 2 502 4626 Email: email@example.com Web: www.pci.ngonet.be Contact: Etienne de Jonghe, International Secretary Quaker Council for European Affairs The Quaker Council for European Affairs is a religious organisation which works on the peaceful resolution of conflicts, focusing on the countries of the Council of Europe. The Quaker Council is in the process of establishing a European Peace Agency, which would develop and strengthen the capacity of communities and institutions to respond to outbreaks of conflict, and build new relationships between peoples in conflict. This co-ordinating, funding and enabling agency would be active in the field of early warning, peace-making, civilian peace-keeping, peace-building, and training. Square Ambiorix 50, Brussels 1000, Belgium Tel: ++32 (2) 230 4935 Fax: ++32 (2) 230 6370 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web:www.quaker.org/fwcc/EMES/QCEA Contact:Richard Seebohm, Director Solidar Solidar is an alliance of NGOs, trade unions and campaigning groups from 15 countries, with links to the social democratic and socialist parties and to the trade union movement. It is active in the fields of development work, humanitarian and emergency assistance, social welfare policy in Europe and Eastern Europe, development education, policy formulation, lobbying and mediation. Its conflict -related activities focus mainly on Bosnia. It has also sent a peace delegation to Ireland. In the future, Solidar plans to send observer delegations to areas of conflict. 22 Rue de Commerce, 1040 Brussels, Belgium Tel: ++32 (2) 743 0573 Fax: ++32 (2) 743 0589 Email: email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org Web:www.oneworld.org/solidar/ Contact: Natalia Heyraud, Personal Assistant WIDE - Network of Women in Development Europe 21 BELGIUM WIDE is a network of individuals and non-governmental organisations which work to influence European and international policies in gender and development issues, with the objective of empowering women worldwide. WIDE, Brussels does not of itself engage in conflict prevention and peacebuilding activities but works through its national platforms which work on this issue. Rue du Commerce 70, 1040 Brussels, Belgium Tel++ 32 2 545 9070 Fax: ++ 32 2 512 7342 Email: email@example.com Contact: Gabriella Kienesberger, Senior Administrator Women in Black WiB Belgium is a local organisation which is part of the global network Women in Black which has been established for more than five years and which is well known for its activities to promote the human rights of women. WiB both provides funds and implements initiatives. The organisations has been involved in weekly vigilances for women in black in the former Yugoslavia. They have also organised theatre projects, photo exhibitions and provides moral support. Corbeelplein 4, 3012 Wilsele Tel: ++ 32 016 201325 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.eyeloveit.com/snellings/ Contact: Lieve Snellings BULGARIA 22 BULGARIA Animus Association Animus Association is a women‟s NGO aiming to provide professional psychological and social assistance to women victims of violence. The priorities of the association are to work for women‟s intellectual, professional and personal development, to improve their status in society, and to develop and co-ordinate a network of institutions, services and organisations for support and protection of violated women. The Animus team consists of women in helping professions, such as psychologists, psychiatrists, psychotherapists, doctors, social workers, etc. The name of the Association comes from K.G. Jung's terminology. "Animus" is the masculine side of a woman's personality. "Animus" is the source of the problems in the personal world of the woman and also the creative power to solve them. It is the weakness and strength of the woman's soul. Some of the projects developed by the association are Violence and its Victims, A New Possibility, Service for Support of Raped Women, Bulgarian Project against Trafficking of Women, Good Practices for Mental Health for Women in Bulgaria, Hot Telephone Line, Social Club "Who is Margarita?", "La Strada Project for Bulgaria" etc. Projects include; `Working for Women's intellectual, professional and personal development and working for the improvement of women's status in society. Such projects stimulate changes in Bulgarian society and family. Developing projects and programmes for supporting women and children. Mediating among different governmental institutions and non-governmental organisations and to co-ordinate their efforts toward the problems of violence against women. Slavyanska Street, #30, 4th floor, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria Tel./Fax: ++359 2 981 6740 Tel: ++359 2 873 198; (+359 2) 981 0570 E-Mail: email@example.com Contact : Maria Chomarova, Chair Bulgarian Gender Research Foundation (BGRF) BGRF was formed in June 1998 in Sofia by women committed to work in the field of women‟s rights. These women have previous experience in advocacy,education, monitoring violations of human rights, lobbying for legislative changes, preparing publications, networking. The group consists of lawyers, academics and women‟s rights activists. BGRF is an independent non-governmental organisation that promotes social equality and women‟s human rights in Bulgaria through research, education and advocacy programs. The main goals are promoting and facilitating the achievement of a gender balanced society in Bulgaria based on equal representation of women and men; the dissemination of information and raising awareness about women‟ s rights and gender issues in Bulgaria; advocacy aimed at achieving compliance with the Universal and European standards in the field of Human Ri ghts and the universally recognised values of democracy. Their projects include: Elimination of Violence Against Women through Research and Education; Women‟s Empowerment in the Privatisation Process Promoting the Women‟s Participation as Candidates and Voters in the Forthcoming Local Elections (1998). 12, Liuben Karavelov St., Sofia 1142, P.O.B. 938, Bulgaria Tel/Fax: ++359 2 9808801 Tel.++359 2 9808801 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Genoveva Tisheva, Executive Director Centre "NADYA -DE" The Nadya Centre provides psychological, medical and juridical assistance and support to battered women and their children. The team working at the centre consists of various specialists and professionals: medical staff, psychologists, lawyers and journalists. The Centre provides: hotline consultations; therapeutically programs, juridical advice, training of volunteers and are also involved in 23 BULGARIA lobbying activities, establishing of network and contacts with similar services and organisations /incl. Government institutions, the Court, Police Departments, health services, and others/. The Centre works with the media with the chief objective of informing the public and relevant institutions on the problems of violence and battered women. There also functions a Shelter with anonymous address providing security and therapeutical treatment to women-victims of violence and their children 46, Konstantin Irechek Str., Sofia 1606, Bulgaria Tel/Fax: ++359/2/51 73 64 E-mail: email@example.com Contact person: Rosanka Venelinova Gender Project for Bulgaria Foundation The GPBF is a non-governmental, non-profit women‟s organisation aimed at increasing the awareness of society towards the issues of gender equality. The Gender Project for the Bulgaria Foundation was established in 1994. The Foundation works on the problems of domestic violence, employment discrimination of women, and sexual harassment in the work place. The organisation is involved in training women entrepreneurs on how to fight unemployment and poverty. They work for the guaranteeing of equal opportunities for women to participate in all spheres of private and social life through providing equal access to the resources of society. Their projects include the Elimination of Domestic Violence through Research and Education of Society,1997-1998, the Promotion of Gender Issues in School Education,1998-1999 and Self-Employment - A Way to Decrease Women‟s Poverty,1999 41, Neofit Rilski Street, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria Tel: ++359 2 986 4710 Fax: ++359 2 9873058 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Stanimira Hadjimitova, Executive Director International Women’s Club – Plovdiv ’95 The International Women‟s Club is a non-profit organisation uniting women of different age, qualification, family and citizen status. It aims to promote internationally accepted human rights standards, the achievement of gender equality in the family and in the society, and to encourage women‟s participation in business and in local and national authority. The organisation provides emergency assistance to disabled and unemployed women and single mothers. In 1997-1998 they organised mutual assistance groups and courses for the additional qualification of disabled women; lectures and courses for enlargement of the legal and business capacities of women and the training of women in micro- business. 6th of September St. 148, floor 2, Plovdiv 4000, Bulgaria Tel/Fax: tel.: (+359 32) 62 21 50 Fax: (+359 32) 62 68 51 E-mail: email@example.com Contact: Daniela Eldurova, Chairman Negotiation and Conflict Resolution Foundation The Negotiation and Conflict Resolution Foundation is engaged in studying conflicts and elaborating intervention strategies for ethnic, environmental and social disputes. It also conducts training sessions on conflict-management skills, negotiation and mediation. The foundation is part of a network of centres for conflict resolution that includes national universities and institutions in Warsaw, Moscow, Budapest, Prague, Bratislava and Kiev. The foundation works in close co-operation with the US NGO Partners for Democratic Change, setting up four regional centres in the country. In Sofia, the Foundation has created the Bulgarian Centre on Negotiation and Conflict Resolution. 10 Jagoda Street, Sofia 1126, Bulgaria BULGARIA 24 Tel: +359 (2) 522 592 Fax: +359 (2) 627 865 Contact: Antoinette Shishmanova, Chair Women's Alliance for Development The Women's Alliance for Development (W.A.D.) works for sustainable development of the society through gender equality of rights, responsibilities, access t o resources and to the decision-making process in the family and in the social economic and political life of the country. The Women‟s Alliance for Development (W.A.D.) works with women‟s organisations, informal groups or individual women for sustainable development of the society and its human resources through equal opportunities for women and men in respect to rights, responsibilities, access to resources and decision-making in the family as well as in the social, political and economic life of the count ry. The Alliance was established in the end of 1996. W.A.D. is a network in itself. As an organisation the Alliance builds on the experience, vision and commitment of individual women who, at the same time, are also active in other women‟s NGOs thus creating a network of independent NGOs (for the most active partners, please see under NETWORK). Women's Resource Centre: (information, communication, training, lobbying, networking) The Centre provides services to facilitate three different processes: a) women‟s self-organising at grassroots level; b) creating horizontal networks - linking women‟s groups and projects within the country; c) creating vertical networks - linking grassroots with the international level. The WCR is currently developing services to funders as intermediary (administering Charity Know How's Bulgaria Small Grants Programme 1998-99). W.A.D. exchanges information with 12 women‟s centres and networks in 10 countries of Central and Eastern Europe, and is an active member of Karat Coalition for Regional Action, Network of East-West Women, Huairou Commission, CEDAW in Action, WAVE, Social Watch. The Women‟s Alliance monitors and reports on the implementation on national level of the Global Plans for Action related to the main UN Conferences (with focus on the Social Summit - Copenhagen, on population - Cairo, on women - Beijing, on human settlements - Istanbul). In January 1998, during CEDAW‟s 18th session in New York, we presented a shadow report on the implementation in Bulgaria of the UN Women‟s Convention and lobbied successfully the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women. 2, Neofit Rilski Street, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria Tel: +359-2/980 55 32, Fax: +359-2/980 59 20 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org , email@example.com Contact: Regina Indjeva, Pavlina Filipova Women's Health Initiative in Bulgaria The Women's Health Initiative in Bulgaria supports women in their efforts to prevent illness and ensure good health for themselves and their families through advocacy, research, educat ion, and dissemination of information related to health issues facing all members of Bulgarian society and focusing on women and girls. The specific interests of the Women's Health Initiative are the psychological and social missions of women's somatic health and women's rights in the system of health care. This organisation fills a major gap in current health promotion and research initiatives, in which the problems of women's health are frequently marginalised. There is an under-representation of women's health issues in medical and social science research and in legislation. They believe that the basic rights of access is not adequately met for all women, including not only the right to appropriate treatment, but also the rights for prevention, information, choice, safety, privacy and confidentiality, comfort, and participation in medical decision-making. The Women's Health Initiative, active nationally in Bulgaria was established in the Summer of 1998. The organisational initiative came from three women working in the fields of health promotion, health education, health psychology and women's studies. Pushkin Blvd. #20, Sofia 1618, Bulgaria Tel: ++ 359 2 56 49 44 Web:homepages.infoseek.com/~whibg/whibg.html E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 25 BULGARIA CROATIA 26 CROATIA Anti-War Campaign Croatia The Anti-War Campaign (ARK) represents the hub of a network of various opposition, refugee, humanitarian, publishing and peace activists' organisations. It is engaged in mediation among refugees, conflict resolution training, delivering public lectures on non-violence and conflict-related issues and in organising discussions. The campaign has co-sponsored a peace initiative in Pakrac, a town in the UN- Protected Area divided by the front line. The members of the network include the Centers for Peace, Nonviolence and Human Rights in Osijek (contact: Katarina Kruhonja) and Daruvar, human rights groups in Rijeka and Zagreb and peace research and education groups in Porec, Zagreb and Zupanja. Gajeva 55/1, Zagreb 10000, Croatia Tel: +385 (1) 431 374 Fax: +385 (1) 432 456 Email: email@example.com Contact: Vesna Terselic, Network Co-ordinator Be Active Be Emancipated (B.a.B.e.) This organisation advocates for concrete changes in Croatia through the monitoring of Croatian laws and the media. The organise workshops and seminars among other activities. B.a.B.e has also secured a place for the beginning of interethnic dialogue within Croatia and elsewhere in the region. They organise campaigns with extensive media coverage. Vlaska 79/111, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia Tel/Fax: ++ 385 1 4611686 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Kristina Mihalec Centre for Education and Counselling of Women (CESI) CESI was founded in 1997 in Zagreb, Croatia to provide psycho-social and humanitarian help. CESI aims to empower women to gain control over their lives, to improve their psycho-social well-being and to create conditions for co-operation of women from different backgrounds to develop tolerance and advocate for women‟s rights. Gajeva 55, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia Tel:++ 385 1 431374 Fax: ++ 385 1 432456 Contact: Bordana Obradovic, Project Co-ordinator Centre for Peace, Non-violence and Human Rights This organisation is non-governmental, non-partisan and non-for-profit. The Centre is located in the Croatian town of Osijek and aims to promote peace as a dynamic process through educational and advisory programmes. It focuses on helping Croats and Serbs to create a mutual understanding of the problem. The Centre‟s funders believe that reconciliation is the beginning of spiritual renewal and a prerequisite for building relationships which preclude violence. It is open to all peoples of good will regardless of ethnic background, national affiliation, religion and ideology. Okersovanje 4, HR - 31000 Osijek, Croatia Tel: ++ 385 31 20 6886 Fax: ++ 385 31 20 6889 Email: email@example.com Web: www.zamir.net/czmos 27 CROATIA Contact: Katarina Kruhowja, President Centre for the Protection of Human Rights This is a local NGO that works in collaboration with other organisations such as t he Council of Europe to organise roundtables and seminars. It provides conflict prevention and resolution education for vulnerable groups, including women. 1/III Krizaniceva, 1000 Zagreb, Croatia Tel & Fax: ++ 385 1 461 1704 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.zamir.net/~dphr Croatian Helsinki Committee Smiciklasova 23/Ii, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia Tel: ++385 (1) 455 2020/6963 Fax: ++385 (1) 455 2524 Email: email@example.com Contact: Ivan Z. Cicak, President Suncokret Centre for Grassroots Relief Work Av Dubrovnik 10, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia Fax: +385 1 355 1443 E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org CYPRUS 28 CYPRUS The International Eco-peace Village (IEV) IEV focuses on the empowerment of women and youth through experiential training in conflict resolution and global environmental security. It is dedicated to the resolution of human and ecological problems and was founded in 1998. The group includes dedicated women, academics, parliamentarians, conflict resolution and gender activists and experts, and latterly - men. IEV has organised two youth workshops (1999 and 2000) to which they invited young men and women leaders from the Middle East, Cyprus, Turkey and Greece and all dealing with peace and environmental issues. IEV is planning a Women‟s workshop entitle `new Inter-Relationships in the 21st century Europe: Gender, Conflict Resolution and Sustainability (October 2001). PO Box 25, 7743 Psematismenos, Larnaca, Cyprus Tel: ++ 357 2 436940 Fax: ++ 357 9 521701 Email: email@example.com Web: www.eco-peace.org Contact: Dr Maria Hadjipavlou-Trigeorgis, Member of the Executive Committee The Peace Centre The Centre is dedicated to the promotion of peace in Cyprus and the world through the organisation of a variety of activities aimed at transforming adversial cultures into ones that are respectful of others. Founded in 1991, following the establishment of a Women‟s Studies Centre (1988), the Centre has, over the years, been very instrumental in promoting a series of conflict resolution workshops, seminars and lectures on building a peace system in public education and building bridges of understanding between Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot citizens. It has over 200 members and has organised bi -communal activities on both sides of the island. Box 3837, 1688 Nicosia, Cyprus Tel/Fax:++ 357 2 436940 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Dr Maria Hadjipavlou-Trigeorgis, President United Nations Association PO Box 1508, Nicosia, Cyprus Tel: ++357 2 443598 Fax: ++357 2 441560 Women’s Civic Initiative for Peace This innovative initiative was announced by the Women‟s Research Centre and the Patriotic Women‟s Union in November 1999. It was meant to make women‟s voices heard in negotiations and in the peace process in Cyprus. The initiative sent letters to UN Secretary-General and other high level dignitaries. They also organised two training workshops on the role of the Northern Ireland Women‟s Coalition in the peace process and the second on the `Cyprus Conflict:Can both sides be right?` Women‟s Research Centre 19 Necmi Avkiran Street Lefkosha, Nicosia, Cyprus Fax: ++ 90 392 22 83823 Women’s Movement for Peace and a Federal Solution 29 CYPRUS 7 Haciali Apt, Muzzaffer Pasca Cad, Lefkosha-Nicosia, Cyprus Tel: ++90392 22 82148 Women’s Research Centre Involved in conflict resolution and mediation. Founded by Sevgul Uludag, the Women‟s Research Centre has worked with the Patriotic Women‟s union and the Women‟s Movement for Peace and a Federal Solution to demand that women be a part of the negotiating process in Cyprus. 19 Necmi Avkiran St, Lefkosha-Nicosia, Cyprus Tel: ++90392 22 75407 Fax ++90392 22 83823 Email: email@example.com Contact: Sevgul Uludag, Founder Women Walk Home Contact: Dr. Helen Soteriou 16 Sina, Nataly Court, flat 521 Engomi, Nicosia Tel: ++357 2 672188 DENMARK 30 DENMARK Copenhagen Peace Research Institute The Copenhagen Peace Research Institute (COPRI) runs peace research programmes in the areas of European security (EUR), military restructuring (MIL) and security in the Nordic and Balt ic Sea Area (NORD). COPRI has also recently a new programme called Intra-state Conflicts: Causes and Peace Strategies (CONF), which focuses on the type of civil wars dominated by ethno-national, cultural and in some cases economic aspects of struggles for power. It has several sub-projects, amongst them on conflict prevention and minority rights issues. Another new area of focus is global governance and the UN System (GOV). The background for the GOV programme is that the international or world society is undergoing profound changes in many dimensions and that the processes of “globalisation” have substantial effects on international politics and not least on security and peace. COPRI, Fredericiagade 18, 1310 Copenhagen K, Denmark Tel: ++45 33 45 50 50 Fax: ++45 33 45 50 60 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.copri.dk Contact: Haakan Wiberg, Director of COPRI until September 2001 – than Tarja Cronberg Danish Centre for Conflict Resolution The Danish Centre for Conflict Resolution is an NGO providing workshops and training to humanitarian and other social organisations and institutions in Denmark and abroad. In Denmark, The Neighbourhood Mediation Project aims at empowering people in urban housing areas to solve their own conflicts. The School Project promotes creative conflict management in schools involving pupils, teachers and parents. Abroad, the centre is engaged in training and the empowerment of Tibetans living in India. The Centre also supports local NGOs in the Balkans by providing courses on the training of trainers and helping to re-establish cross boundary networks. The centre co-operates with TFF (Sweden), Friedensbrügge (Switzerland), Institute for Multi-Track Diplomacy (US), and various NGOs in the former Yugoslavia Noerrebrogade 32, DK-2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark Tel: ++45 3537 1052 Fax: ++45 3537 9052 Email:email@example.com Web: www.cfk.suite.dk Contact: Else Hammerich Danish Centre for Human Rights The Danish Centre for Human Rights is a national human rights institution with several programmes in the field of conflict prevention and resolution. These aim to contribute to the building of a society based on the rule of law and respect for human rights, and thereby preventing conflict. International partnership programmes focus on: i) studies and research, including research partnership programmes; ii) reform of law and society; iii) access to justice; iv) civil society and research centre; v) education. Wilders Plads 8 H, 1403 Copenhagen, Denmark Tel: ++45 32 698888 Fax: ++45 32 698800 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web:www.humanrights.dk Contact: Birgit Lindsnaes, Director of the Department for Partnership Programmes 31 DENMARK DanChurch Aid (DCA) DanChurch Aid is a relief and development organisation which operates as part of a network of church organisations which includes the World Council of Churches (WCC), the Lutheran World Federation (LWF) and Action By Churches Together (ACT) as well as the Association of Protestant Development Organisations (APRODEV). DCA has programmes on human rights, peace and reconciliation projects. It has been in operation for over 75 years. DCA has programmes in Russia, “the former Yugoslavia Republic of Macedonia” and Romania, among other countries in the world. Norregade 13, 1165 Copenhagen K Tel: ++ 45 3315 2800 Fax: ++ 45 3318 7724 (European desk), ++ 45 3318 7816 (Reception) Email: email@example.com;firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Uffe Gjerding, Co-ordinator, Peace and Reconciliation Danish Refugee Council (DRC) The DRC is an international NGO consisting of 27 member organisations. The objective of the organisation is to help refugees and internally displaced persons. DRC works on the basis of humanitarian principles and international conventions to ensure the protection of the refugees and promote lasting solutions to the problems of refugees and IDPs throughout the world. DRC pays special attention to vulnerable groups. Besides the relief and rehabilitation programmes it also offers programmes on protection, reconciliation, policy research, advocacy and networking. PO Box 53, 10 Borgergodes 3sal, 1002 Copenhagen, Denmark Tel:++ 45 33 73 50 00 Fax: ++ 45 33 93 21 23 Email: email@example.com, Web: www.drc.dk Contact: Ann Mary Olsen, Head of Section Danish United Nations Association The Danish United Nations Association (FN-forbundet) is a cross-political NGO for the United Nations and global governance. Its members are Danish organisations and individuals. Security is one of the key issues on which they focus. Major activities in this field are the organisation of the 3rd Hague Peace Conference in 1999, and preparation of an OSCE and European security model for the 21st century. It is creating a Danish platform in this area of conflict management. The Association has observer status in the Danish delegation of the United Nations General Assembly. Midtermolen 3, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark Tel:++45 (3) 546 7373 Fax: ++45 (3) 546 7350 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Web:www.una.dk Contact: Oscar Otto European Negotiation and Conflict Resolution (ENCORE) ENCORE is a branch of the Danish consultancy firm Nellemann Konsulenterne A/S, devoted to limiting the human losses and societal damage caused by conflicts. ENCORE's base is negotiation services rendered to the Danish labour market. ENCORE tries to transform research and theory into practice in the fields of negotiation and dispute resolution by offering mediation training programmes and negotiation skills. Sortemosevej 2, DK –3450 Allerød, Denmark Tel: ++45 48140466 Fax: ++45 48141038 DENMARK 32 Email: email@example.com Web:www.nelkon.dk Contact: Mette Østrup, Advisor 33 ESTONIA ESTONIA The Unrepresented People’s Organisation (UNPO) The UNPO has its headquarters in the Hague but also has a co-ordinating office in Estonia for Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. 78 Tiigi str. Room 117 2400 Tartu, Estonia Tel + Fax: ++ 372 7 430 805 Web: www.unpo.org Contact: Linnart Mall FINLAND 34 FINLAND The Aland Islands Peace Institute The Institute has been established for over two years. It operates as a network locally and regionally in Finland and Lithuania, engaging in education for conflict management and in peace research activities. Recently the Institute started a centre for children and women in Vilnius, Lithuania. P.O Box 85, FIN-22101 Mariehamn, Finland Tel: ++ 358 18 15570; Fax: ++ 358 18 21026 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.peace.aland.fi Contact: Robert Jansson, Director Citizens' Security Council (KATU) Citizens' Security Council KATU was established in May 1997 as a Finnish conflict prevention forum and network combining the conflict prevention efforts of some 25 Finnish NGOs working in different fields. KATU collects and distributes information on conflict prevention and organises education in this field. It develops and disseminates policy recommendations and carries out concrete conflict prevention projects. Its first project was an international conference on conflict prevention in Africa, which KATU organised at the end of 1997 along with the Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Alert. c/o Finnish UN Association, Unioninkatu 45B, 00100 Helsinki, Finland Tel: ++358 (9) 6220 1223; Fax: ++358 (9) 135 2173 Email: email@example.com Web:www.katu-network.fi Contact: Anne Palm, Secretary-General Tampere Peace Research Institute The Tampere Peace Research Institute (TAPRI) is dedicated to research in fields related to maintaining and safeguarding peace, with special emphasis on the management and solution of international and national conflicts. Founded in 1970, the Institute facilitates publications in the field of peace research and promotes national and international co-operation in this area. Its present research activities focus on European security and change, on regionalisation in the international sys tem and on the Mediterranean. Problems of peaceful change are the recurrent theme in each of them. Akerlundinkatu 3, P.O. Box 607, 33101 Tampere, Finland Tel: ++358 (3) 2157 696; Fax: ++358 (3) 2236 620 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.uta.fi/laitokset/tapri/ Contact: Yrjo Uurtimo, Executive Secretary Women for Peace Women for Peace Finland is part of a global network supporting women in conflict prevention and post - conflict peacebuilding work. The network has been established for more than five years and is a feminist movement which both provides funds and implements initiatives. Women for Peace Finland supports women‟s organisations in Baltic countries and co-operates with other women‟sgroups in the Nordic countries as well as those in Hungary, Poland and Russia. Metsäpolku 10, 02460 Kantvik, Finland Tel: ++ 358 9 298 5324; Fax: ++ 358 9 298 2301 35 FINLAND Email: email@example.com Contact: Lea Rantanen FRANCE 36 FRANCE Action Civile et Defense Action Civile et Defense is a local NGO based in Savoie, France. For 5 years or more it has been implementing conflict resolution activities with a focus on women and peacebuilding and engages in projects in France and European countries. Action Civile‟s activities are designed to encourage the French and European governments to engage in civil strategies so as to be able to help those involved in civilian resistance activities. They see this as an important way of assisting those involved in a desperate strategy for resolving conflict. Although the project has not made grants available, they do fund activities such as courses on peace/dialogue and groups that wish to follow a specific programme in conflict areas. Dialogue for Change aims to raise awareness and dialogue about issues affecting communities arising from the Multi-Party Agreement of 1998. Issues include diversity, equality, human rights, North/South and East/West relations The project was established mainly because there was a need to identify and secure the engagement of the community sector in the South with the peace process and not just leave it to the civil servants and politicians. 45 Chemin de la Perouse, 73 800 Arbib, France Tel: ++ 33 479 65 22 82 Fax: ++ 33 479 65 22 11 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Jean Marichez Co-ordination Sud Co-ordination Sud is a platform of French NGOs working in the field of development and solidarity. As part of its network activities it organises working groups and conferences. Some of these also focus on conflict prevention in African countries. In its working group on conflict prevention, it co-operates with organisations like Médecins Sans Frontières and Fondation pour le Progrès de l'Homme. 14 Passage Dubail, Paris 75010, France Tel: ++33 (1) 4472 9372 Fax:++33 (1) 4472 9373 Email: email@example.com Contact: Vincent Rattez, executive secretary Groupe Urgence de Rehabilitation et Développement The Groupe Urgence de Rehabilitation et Développement (URD) is a platform of more than a dozen French and international NGOs that meet to discuss the relationships between conflict and development, and humanitarian disasters and development. The group was formed in 1993 after several organisations felt the need to exchange ideas and seek synergy with fellow NGOs on these issues. One of the Groupe's major commitments is to work for conflict prevention. URD advocates deepening the conceptual basis of conflict prevention in order to enhance its effectiveness and chances of implementation and funding. Le Cyprès-Les-Guards, 26110 Nyons, France Tel: ++33 (4) 7526 2271 Fax: ++33 (4) 7526 6427 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Francois Grunewald, President 37 FRANCE Institut de recherche sur la Résolution Non-violente des Conflits (IRNC) The Institut de Recherche sur la Résolution Non-violente des Conflits was set up in 1984 to promote interdisciplinary research into alternative, non-violent methods of conflict resolution. Research focuses on international conflicts. The IRNC has analysed civilian intervention in several conflicts including those in Bosnia, Kosovo and Haiti. It is currently developing applied research into civil interventions and 'Civil Peace Service'. 14, rue des Menniers, 93100 Montreuil, France Tel: ++33 (1) 4287 9469 Fax: ++33 (1) 4857 9297 E-mail: email@example.com Web: www.mygale.org/07/irnc Contact: Francois Marchand, President InterNews Europe InterNews Europe is part of Internews Network, a nonprofit association of regional organisations. Internews Europe supports independent media around the world, through training of media professionals, equipment grants, exchange of programming and creation of innovative production formats. From situations of conflict, where the media should avoid propaganda and promote dialogue, to democratic life, where the values of public broadcasting have to be maintained and strengthened, Int ernews Europe encourages approaches that enhance mutual understanding and respect. 14 rue d'Uzès, 75002 Paris, France Tel: ++33 (1) 5300 9313 Fax: ++33 (1) 4026 7072 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web:www.internews.org Contact: Magda Zlotowska Médecins du Monde International Although humanitarian assistance is the main element in the mandate of Médecins du Monde International, conflict prevention, resolution and mediation are also a considerable part of its work. This is reflected particularly in their projects in the fields of early warning and lobbying, but also in training and data collection. As part of the organisation‟s conflict prevention activities it organised a symposium on Access to Victims at the end of 1998. 62 rue Marcadet, 75018 Paris, France Tel: ++33 (1) 4492 1435 Fax: ++33 (1) 4492 1455 Email: email@example.com Web:www.medecinsdumonde.org Contact: Pierre Laurent, International Secretary GEORGIA 38 GEORGIA Caucasian Institute for Peace, Democracy and Development A national research organisation which works on conflict prevention and resolution programmes in the Caucuses and the Russian Federation. 1 M. Alexidze Street Flat 11, Tbilisi, Georgia Tel: ++ 995 32 33 40 81 Fax: ++ 995 32 33 41 63 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Maya Bukhsiasbvili, Secretary Centre for Human Rights and Support for Democracy The Centre for Human Rights and Support for Democracy in Abkhazia was created in 1997 to promote the institution-building for democracy and civil society in Abkhazia. The major objectives of the Centre include the provision of legal assistance to people whose constitutional rights have been violated, the monitoring of minority rights, collection and dissemination of information, development of advocacy and legal counselling. The Centre supports researchers and practitioners in the sphere of ethnic studies, ethnopsychology, conflict resolution and post-settlement peacebuilding in the Georgian-Abkhazian conflict and provides consultation to international organisations. Aidgylara (formerly Frunza Street), 20 Sukhumi, Abkhazia, Georgia Tel: ++995 (122) 24264/21803 Fax:++995 (122) 24137 Contact: Natela Akaba, General Director Centre for Humanitarian Programmes One of the important objectives of the Centre for Humanitarian Programmes is to organi se joint Georgian-Abkhazian projects on capacity-building and dialogue initiatives that encompass a wide range of issues from the problems of refugees to the complexities of defining the political status of the post - conflict territories. This independent NGO also provides emergency aid to the victims of armed conflict in Abkhazia (Georgia). It participates in a joint programme designed to offer psychological rehabilitation service to women who suffered during the war, and is involved in creating audiovisual archives documenting the conflict period. 36 Gogol Street, Sukhumi, Abkhazia (Georgia) Tel: ++995 (122) 25598 Fax:++995 (122) 23076 Moscow: ++7 (095) 338 4304 Email: email@example.com Contact: Batal Kobakhia Gender Development Association GDA was established in July 1998 to research and improve the condition of women in Georgia. One of its goals is to increase the role of women in conflict prevention and resolution and it carries out activities to support peacebuilding and peacekeeping processes in the region. Room 308, 29 Rustaveli ave, Tbilisi Tel: ++995 32 998769 Fax: ++995 32 998769 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Nani Chanishvili, President 39 GEORGIA Helsinki Citizen’s Assembly The HCA is a transitional network of peace and human rights NGOs concerned with the democratic integration of Europe at the level of ordinary citizens. Its activities in conflict areas focus on creating a space for citizens to discuss the problems in their country and region and to develop common projects and activities which contribute to a democratic peace in Europe. 31 Tsinamdzgvrishvili St, 38002 Tbilisi, Georgia Tel: ++ 995 32 94 2699 Fax: ++ 995 32 9615 14 Email:email@example.com Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Alexander Russetski, Co-ordinator Horizonti Foundation for the Third Sector Horizonti is an Education and Training Institute and research organisation which functions as an international NGO. It provides capacity building on conflict prevention and resolution iss ues, emergency and conflict situations and looks at the protection, resettlement and integration of women and children refugees and other vulnerable groups. Horizonti also conducts a grant programme and organises `Open Houses` for Georgia‟s NGOs to meet international funders and potential partners. Tel: ++ 995 32 29 2955 Fax: ++ 995 32 98 75 04 Email: email@example.com Web: www.horizonti.org Contact: Nino Saskashvili, Director IDP Women’s Association (Tbilisi) Women‟s Committee of Abkhazia has targeted the protection of displaced women‟s rights as a primary goal of their work and has worked hard to highlight the plight of the 1100 female headed households in IDP communities. Association of IDP Women has conducted extensive surveys to determine the health needs of displaced women and children throughout Georgia and has organised skills building and leadership training seminars for women in several major IDP locales. It has focused on peace building by training IDP leaders in various alternative conflict resolution methods. Tel: ++ 995 32 251 131 Fax: ++ 995 32 25 1126 Mobile: ++ 995 899 570 0798 Contact: Julia Harashvili, Head of Organisation GERMANY 40 GERMANY Church and Peace This is a network of peace service organisations. It works at promoting ecumenical dialogue between women in Germany, France, the United Kingdom and Hungary and addresses concerns expressed by Christian communities. Ringstrasse 14, D-35641 Schoffendrund, Germany Tel:++49 6445 5588 Fax: ++49 6445 5070 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.church-peace.ini.hu Contact: Marie-Noelle von der Recke Deutscher Caritas Verband Caritas Germany is a national NGO and a religious organisation. It provides tolerance education, emergency relief and protection to women, children and other vulnerable groups. Postfach 420, D-79004, 40 Karlstrasse, D-79104, Freiburg, Germany Tel: ++ 49 761 2004 36 Fax: ++ 49 761 20 0572 Email: email@example.com Web: www.caritas.de Contact: Martina Liebsche, Desk Officer International Christian Service for Peace (EIRENE) Postfach 1322, 56503 Neuwied, Germany Tel: ++ 492631 83790 Fax: ++ 49 2631 31160 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.eirene.org/eirene.org Contact: Eckehard Fricke, Secretary-General Frauen fur Frieden (Women for Peace) Women for Peace is part of a global network of feminists with chapters in Germany, France, Switzerland, Austria, Sweden, Finland and Belarus. There are also chapters in Africa, Asia and Latin America. The network engages in projects related to conflict prevention, conflict resolution and post conflict peacebuilding work. Waïtzstrasse 24, 10629 Berlin, Germany Tel/Fax: ++ 49 30 323 9543 Email: email@example.com Web: www.ipb.org Contact: Eva Quistorp Partner Aid International (PAI) Forderprojekte Dritte Welt e.V., Silcherweg 19, D-69602 Hambach, Germany Tel: ++ 41(0) 71 970 0732 Fax: ++ 41 (0) 71 970 9731 41 GREECE GREECE Andreas Papandreou Foundation The Andreas Papandreou Foundation is an independent non-profit organisation. It aims to become an intellectual and creative centre for communications and conflict resolution, scientific research, policy studies, training in democratic leadership and similar activities. The Foundation aims to achieve these goals through action- learning programmes in the areas of education, international co-operation and policy analysis within the European and global community. It undertakes problem -solving research on public policy. The methods employed are publication of books and studies, lectures by experts and promotion of public dialogue. Romolias 1, Kastri 14671, Athens, Greece Tel: ++30 (1) 623 2507 Fax:++30 (1) 623 0830 Contact: Nick Papandreou Hellenic Association for International Development (H.A.I.D.) Moshonision 5, 68100 Alexandroupolis, Greece Mediahead/Public Relation: Ms. Constantina Papanicolaou Mediaphone: + 30-944-71-8397 Telephone: 00 30 551 35031 Telephone/Fax: 00 30 551 82794. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Angela Maria Ferreira Lopes, Emergency Head/International Projects Manager: Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) The Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP), established in 1988, is an independent, policy-oriented, non-profit research and training institute. ELIAMEP, being non-partisan, serves as a foreign policy think tank in the European setting. ELIAMEP monitors, evaluates, and promotes awareness of political, economic and security developments in the European Union, Southeast Europe, the Black Sea, the Middle East, the Caucasus and the Mediterranean Regions. Email: email@example.com Web:www.eliamep.gr/default.html Independent Peace Movement Adesmeyth Kinhsh Eiphnhs, AKE Voucourestiou 21, 10671 Athens Tel:++30-1-363-5674 Fax:++ 301 361-6802 Institute of International Relations The Institute of International Relations (IIR) of Panteion University, founded in 1989, is a university - affiliated research institute on international affairs, issues of foreign policy and security, causes of war and conflict resolution. Since 1991 the institute has organised an annual international seminar on conflict resolution on the island of Corfu. Other activities of the Institute include lectures, public debates, research projects and publication of books, occasional research papers and newsletters. 3-5 Hill Street, Plaka 105 58 Athens, Greece Tel:++30 (1) 3312 325/7 Fax:++30 (1) 3313 575 GREECE 42 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Popi Laina, Assistant to the Director 43 GREECE Mediterranean Women's Study Centre (KEGME) The Mediterranean Women's Study Centre, or KEGME, undertakes action-oriented research from a feminist perspective. The Centre works to develop methods and take initiatives in conflict resolution and the promotion of peace. KEGME facilitates training programmes and seminars for women. As part of its Program of Feminist Alternatives for the Promotion of Peace and Security, KEGME has organised workshops bringing together women from Eastern and Western Europe. It recently held a training workshop on the transition to democracy in Russia. 115 Har. Trikoupi Str, 11473 Athens, Greece Tel: ++30 (1) 8070201 Fax: ++30 (1) 8075444 E-mail: email@example.com Contact: Ketty Lazaris, Director Research Centre for Gender Equality (KETHI) Kethi was founded in 1994. Its main office is in Athens and there are 4 branches in Thessaloniki, P atras, Volos and Heraklion. Kethi is supervised and funded by the General Secretariat for Equality of the Ministry of the Interior, Public Administration and Decentralisation. Kethi‟s basic aim is to promote the advancement of women in all areas of political, economic and social life. Among its many activities, Kethi has been involved in combating women‟s social exclusion, running awareness campaigns on violence against women with a focus on domestic violence. 2 Moussaiou str, Plaka, 10555, Athens GR Tel:++ 301 3311 685/7 Fax:++ 301 331 1779 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Antigoni Karali-Dimitriadi, President or Maria Stratigoki, Director Women for Mutual Security (WMS) The organisation is based in Greece but operates world-wide. WMS opposes the arms race and the militarisation of international relations and develops projects on issues involving conflict resolution, human economic development and new institutions for peace and justice. WMS has produced a number of publications including `Women‟s Voices on the Pacific`. 1 Romilias Street, 14671 Kastri, Athens, Greece Tel: ++ 30 1 6230830 Fax: ++ 30 1 80 12850 Email: email@example.com Contact: Margarita Papandreou, Global Co-ordinator HUNGARY 44 HUNGARY Pax Christi Katolikus Ifjusagi Iroda Dom Ter 14 6720 Szeged Hungary Fax: ++36 62 323955 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org 45 ICELAND ICELAND Peace 2000 Institute PO Box 190 121 Reykjavik Tel: ++ 354 557 1000 Fax: ++ 354 557 1047 Email: email@example.com Web: www.peace.is United Nations Association 121 Reykjavik Tel: ++ 354 562 5322 Fax: ++ 354 557 5313 Email:firstname.lastname@example.org IRELAND 46 IRELAND Centre for Peace and Development Studies This non-political Centre for Peace and Development Studies was originally established as the Irish Peace Institute Research Centre in 1994. The change of title reflects the more global emphasis of its research work. Its aim is to provide research evidence concerning conflict and its resolution, both in Ireland and in other countries throughout the world, which will contribute to an understanding of how conflicts develop and how they may be most effectively resolved. It develops programmes which can make a practical contribution to the resolution of conflict. It offers a postgraduate diploma/M.A. in Peace Studies. The Centre engages in research and teaching of gender perspectives in peace building. The MA module covers Gender Pespectives on Conflict and Development Issues. Papers published include: Private Pain and Public Action: Violence Against Women in War and Peace. The Centre emphasises positive activist roles of women‟s groups. University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland Tel: ++353 (61) 202 633; Fax: ++353 (61) 202 952 Email: email@example.com; Web:www.ul.ie/cpds Contact: Tracy Gleeson Co-operation Ireland Dublin Involved in creating cross-cultural exchanges between women. 37 Upper Fitzwilliam St., Dublin 2 Tel: ++353 1 661 0588; Fax: ++353 1 661 8456 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.co-operation-ireland.ie Dialogue for Change Dialogue for Change project, Co-operation Ireland is a local NGO which has been funds and implements projects in the Republic of Ireland and in Northern Ireland over 12 months. Their activities focus on women and peacebuilding and is mainly directed to post -conflict work. Specifically, they engage in awareness raising about conflict and peace issues at the local and regional levels and are beginning to develop an international focus since much learning can be achieved through exploring conflict world- wide. Their main activities are the running of workshops and night courses on topics. Dialogue for Change have recently incorporated the issues of gender and conflict into their programmes. 37 Fitzwilliam Street, Dublin 2 Tel: ++ (0) 1 66 10588; Fax: ++ (0) 1 6618456 Email: email@example.com Web:www.cooperationireland.org Contact person: Liam McGlynn Glencree Centre for Reconciliation First set up in 1973, and then re-established again in 1994, Glencree is an NGO dedicated to working with those who strive for peace. It offers its services to various Youth groups, Community groups, and Women's groups, in addition to working with political leaders, and religious believers. Provides facilities expressly devoted to peace-building and reconciliation and believes itself to be the only group in the republic of Ireland to be doing this. Since 1995 a small group of Glencree women have participated in an exchange with women from Edinburgh and Belfast. Glencree, Co Wicklow Tel: ++ 353 1 282 97 11; Fax: ++ 353 1 276 6085 47 IRELAND E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Web:www.glencree-cfr.ie IRELAND 48 GOAL GOAL is a development, rehabilitation and emergency relief organisation which targets its resources towards the poorest and most vulnerable members of society, primarily in the developing world. GOAL runs programmes aimed at post-war reconstruction and reconciliation in war-torn countries or regions. The range of activities typically undertaken by GOAL are health care, primary education, caring for street children and rural community programmes focusing on women. P.O. Box 19, Dun Laoghaire, Co. Dublin, Ireland Tel: ++353 (1) 280 9779; Fax: ++353 (1) 280 9215 Email: email@example.com Contact: Maura Lennon, Head of Fundraising Irish Commission for Justice and Peace The ICJP is a local NGO implementing initiatives on postconflict, peacebuilding work. The organisation is involved with peace education and programmes related to violence against women in the home. It is a Catholic church body with a Women in the Church Working Group. 1 Booterstown Ave, Blackrock, Co Dublin Tel: +353 1 288 5021 or 3866; Fax: + 353 1 283 4161 Email: peaceeducation@eircom Contact: Mary O‟Connor Trócaire Trócaire was founded by the Bishops in Ireland in 1973 to respond to the needs and problems of the people of developing countries. The Catholic agency works in conflict -torn areas like the Great Lakes, Burundi and Liberia: during the conflict, through relief and refugee activities, and after, by working on rehabilitation and development. Although it works mainly on development co-operation, it has extended its programme involvement in conflict prevention and resolution through its own work and the work implemented by its partners. 169 Booterstown Avenue, Blackrock, Co. Dublin, Ireland Tel: ++353 (1) 288 5385; Fax: ++353 (1) 283 6022 Email:firstname.lastname@example.org Web:www.trocaire.org Contact: Mary Healy, Emergencies Co-ordinator Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILF - Ireland) Ballinacloona Cottage, Ballyneal, Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary Tel: ++353 51 64061 Email: email@example.com Contact: G Frankel 49 ITALY ITALY Associazione per la Pace Via Francesca Carrera 24, 00196 Roma Tel: ++ 39 (0) 6 361 0624 Fax: ++ 39 (0) 8 321 6877 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.comune.roma.it CARITAS Internationalis This organisation is part of the 154 caritas organisations working with the poor and displaced in war zones or regions recovering from conflict. Caritas believes that the work of reconciliation forms and integral part of our vision of a world where justice, peace, freedom, truth and solidarity prevails. Palazzo San Calisto 16, 00120 Vatican City Tel: ++ 39 06 6987 9799 Fax: ++ 39 06 6988 7237 Email: email@example.com Web: www.caritas.org Contact: Luc Trouillard, Secretary-General Community of Sant’Egidio Piazza Sant‟Egidio 3/a, 00453 Rome, Italy Tel: ++ 396 585 661 Fax: ++ 396 580 0197 Contact: Andrea Riccardi, Founder and President Donne - Associazione per la Pace Women‟s Association for Peace is an NGO based in Italy. The organisation was founded i n March 1988 to deal with conflicts in the Middle East and the former Yugoslavia. D-APP aims to empower women and to build an international women‟s policy by challenging violence and war and promoting women as peacemakers. Corso Trieste 36, 00198 Rome, Italy Tel/Fax: ++ 39 06 8526 2422 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Luisa Morgantini, Mirella Olivari, Co-ordinators Donne per la Pace il Disarmo CP 713 36100 Vicenza Italia Tel: ++ 39 0444 500 457 Fax: ++ 39 0 444 327 527 Il Cenacolo Piattale Clodio 12 I 00159 Rome Tel: ++ 39 34 83 72 83 41 Fax: ++ 39 0637 352 660 ITALY 50 Email: email@example.com Contact: Natalia Encolpio 51 LATVIA LATVIA Latvian Peace Movement (1995) Hospitalu 8-20 Riga LV-1013 Tel: ++371-7-229859 Fax: ++ 371 7 821292 Contact: Biruta Sneidere LIECHTENSTEIN 52 LIECHTENSTEIN Liechtenstein Red Cross Society (LRK) Founded in 1945, the LRK is both a local and an international NGO. It operates as a network which provides funds and implements initiatives. In addition to offering shelter to refugee and orphaned children from Eastern Europe, the LRK works with the Samaritan Associations to protect and assist victims of natural disasters and armed conflict. LRK has also demonstrated support for women and other poor victims of emergencies by contributing over 18 million Swiss francs. Heiligkreuz 25 FL - 9490 Vaduz, Liechtenstein Tel:++ 423 232 2294 Fax: ++ 423 232 2240 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Dr Marianne Marxer 53 LITHUANIA LITHUANIA Conflict Prevention Centre Sevcenkos 31 kamp 203/205, 2009 Vilnius Tel: ++370 2 239534 Email: email@example.com Web: www.puni.osf.lt~lkpc Lithuanian Peace Forum Juozapaviciaus Str 13-203 2005 Vilnius Tel: ++370 2 625881 Fax: ++ 3370 2 223451 Women’s Issues Information Centre This is a local women‟s organisation which operates as part of a national network. The information centre engages in projects related to conflict prevention, resolution and peacebuilding by distributing various publications highlighting women‟s situation in Lithuania and the world. The Centre organises conferences and seminars, is engaged in building up a databank of non-governmental women‟s organisations and organises lectures on gender equality. PO Box 1218, LT-2000 Vilnius Tel/Fax: ++ 370 2 629 050 Tel: ++ 370 2 629003 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Jurgita Peciuriene LUXEMBOURG 54 LUXEMBOURG United Nations 8 rue Siegefroi 2536 Luxembourg Tel: ++ 352 46 1468 Fax: ++ 352 46 1 469 Flashes, Contacts, Echanges BP 208 2012 Luxembourg Tel: ++ 352 490 240 Email: email@example.com Web: www.altern.org/fce 55 MALTA MALTA Department for Women in Society The Department for Women in Society is based in the Maltese Ministry for Social Policy. The Department operates as a national network and has a focus on conflict prevention and the resolution of conflicts. It has been involved in projects aiming to promote a society that embraces all women and respects the diversity of their experience, promotes gender equality and the advancement of women in the political, social, economic and cultural spheres of maltese society. The Department advises and assists the government in the implementation of the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. Department for Women in Society 2 Cavalier Street Valletta CMR 02, Malta Tel: ++ 356 2590 5296 or 345/370 Fax: ++ 356 231183 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Ms Renee Laivera, Director MOLDOVA 56 MOLDOVA Joint Committee for Democratisation and Conciliation (JCDC) This organisation is based in the Moldovan-Transdniestria conflict. 6 Botanika Veche St. Apt 103 Kishinev 27762 Tel & Fax: ++373 2 540 751 The Women’s Organisation of Moldova (Civic Initiative) This Moldovan national NGO works on human rights monitoring, tolerance education, conflict management, governance and accountability issues, leadership, post-conflict management, reconstruction and rehabilitation for women and vulnerable groups. 36 A Kogalniceanu Street, Apt. 11, 2009 Chisinau, Moldova Tel: ++ 373 2 265893 Fax: ++ 373 2 331303 Email: email@example.com Contact: Irina Martiniuc 57 THE NETHERLANDS THE NETHERLANDS European Platform for Conflict prevention and Transformation The EPCP is a network of organisations which aims to stimulate collaboration among participating organisations through information exchange, education and advocacy. PO Box 14069, 3508 Utrecht, The Netherlands Tel:++ 31 30 253 7528 Fax: ++ 31 30 253 7529 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: euconflict.org Contact: Paul van Tongeren, Executive Director Milieukontakt Oost Europe Milieukontakt is an international NGO which funds and initiates 50-100 projects in South-east and central Europe. It has brought women into the peacebuilding process through involving them in environmental projects PO Box 18185 , 1001 ZB Amsterdam, The Netherlands Tel: ++31 20 639 2716 Fax: ++31 20 639 2716 Email: info@Milieukontakt.nl Web: www.milieukontakt.nl Contact: Jerphaas Donner Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Women in Development This department seeks to mainstream aspects of gender, poverty and conflict prevention as a criteria within the ministry‟s programme of macro-economic support for developing countries. Additionally the ministry seek to encourage and support gender mainstreaming within the OSCE. Activities to be undertaken by the ministry include: calling for a clearly recognisable gender perspective in establishing OSCE mission; promoting the number of women employed in higher functions in the OSCE; encouraging an OSCE seminar on gender issues including women and peacebuilding and post-conflict situations; using part of a fund it has allocated for the benefit of women in conflict situations. One of the Ministry‟s primary areas of focus is the promotion of the political participation of women in conflict situations and of peace negotiations. Transnational Institute (TNI) TNI is an international NGO which operates globally. It engages in research and implements projects on conflict and peacebuilding in different areas of the world. TNI supports women‟s groups. Paulus Potterstrasse 20, 1071 DA Amsterdam Tel:++ 31 20 662 6608 Fax:++ 31 20 675 7176 Email: email@example.com Web: www.tni.org Contact: Monique de Nys NORWAY 58 NORWAY FAFO - Institute of Applied Social Science Fafo was founded in 1982 by the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions, LO. Fafo has since then been an independent foundation which undertakes projects for unions, government departments, businesses and international organisations around the world. With the recent enhanced focus on human security and the role of in peacemaking and peace processes, Fafo has been collaborating with NUPI and other organisations to organise seminars, conferences, roundtables and other events to discuss the issue. Fafo also has offices in South Africa and Jerusalem. PO Box 2947, Toyen 0608 Oslo, Norway Tel:++ 47 22 08 8600 Fax: ++ 47 22 08 8700 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.fafo.org Contact: Mark Taylor Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) The Institute has been focusing on international affairs for 40 years and is one of Norway‟s leading research centres on political and economic issues. Some of its main foci are on international security policy , the long term political development of Europe and Russia and conflict resolution and peace operations. With its staff of 80, NUPI is the largest foreign policy institute in the Nordic countries with ample resources to engage in research activities on women‟s role in conflict prevention, resolution and peacekeeping. PO Box 8159 Dep., 0033 Oslo, Norway Tel: ++ 47 2205 6500 Fax: ++ 47 2217 7015 Email:email@example.com Web: www.nupi.no Contact: Kari Karamé, Researcher Norwegian People’s Aid One of Norway‟s largest NGOs based upon the principles of solidarity, unity, human dignity, peace and freedom. International activities include long term development, health care and psycho-social assistance. PO Box 8844, Youngstorget, 0028 Oslo, Norway Tel: ++47 2203 7700 Fax: ++47 22 20 08 70 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com Norwegian Refugee Council The majority of their projects are based in former-Yugoslavia. During the first stages of conflict their work consisted of emergency relief. Now however they have been working towards reconstruction, reconciliation and preparation for repatriation. Support for local women‟s aid and reconciliation groups have been an important part of their work. The INCOR project is the only one of its kind to offer information and counselling to Bosnian refugees considering a return to their homeland. 59 chemin Maise Cubroule, 1209 Geneva, Switzerland Tel: ++ 41 22 788 8085 Fax: ++ 41 22 788 8086 59 NORWAY Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Brita Sydhof NORWAY 60 The Women’s Row for Peace (EMBLA) The NGO was founded in Volda in Norway in 1992. It operates world-wide with projects focusing on peace, women, culture and grassroots engagement to promote attitudes against war and violence and influence women in Norway against violent conflict. Amongst its many activities, has been a peace conference held in Norway in 1995 and a Nordic Forum in Finland in 1994. Town Hall, N-6100 Volda, Norway Tel: ++ 47 70 076582 Fax: ++ 47 70 076824 Email: email@example.comfirstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Ronnaug Leite 61 POLAND POLAND BORIS - Support Office for the Movement of Self-help Initiatives This organisation is a consultancy, documentation and research NGO based in Poland but has co- operative activities with organisations in Germany and Lithuania. It is engaged in human rights monitoring and conflict management activities as well as the protection of refugees and other displaced persons including the women, the disabled and the elderly. c/o FR file: FR Roman Indrzeyczyk, Ul Czarnieckiego 15, 01548 Warszawa, Poland Tel: ++44 2 239 1869 Fax: ++44 2 621 0008 Email: email@example.com Web: klon.org.pl/splot Contact: Agnieszka Sawczuk, Program Officer KARAT Coalition for Regional Action ul. Franciszkanska 18/20, 00-205 Warsaw, Poland Tel/Fax: ++ 48 22635 4791 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Kinga Lohmann The Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights (HFHR, Poland) The HFHR is a conflict prevention and human rights organisation which provides tolerance education, protection and human rights monitoring for women, children and other vulnerable groups. 18/62 bracka nl, 00-028, Warsaw, Poland Tel:++ 48 22 828 1008 or 6996 Fax: ++ 48 22 828 98 75 or 9650 Email: email@example.com Women’s Rights Centre UL Wilizan 60/19 00679 Tel/Fax:++ 48 22 652 0117 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Irena Rzeplinska or Ernest Zienkiewicz, Refugee Unit PORTUGAL 62 PORTUGAL CIDAC This Portuguese organisation operates as part of the Portuguese development network of NGOs which also includes the Pax Christi family. CIDAC is involved with women, conflict prevention, conflict resolution and peacebuilding as part of its activities in support of the global Women Building Peace campaign launched by the UK based international non-governmental organisation, International Alert and other organisations. As a part of its support for this campaign CIDAC has collected signatures for a postcard signature campaign addresses to the UN Secretary -General, mobilising NGOs and other organisations and raising awareness of women‟s needs and roles in peacebuilding in lusophone countries in Africa. Rua Pinheira Chagas 77 3rd Floor Esq, 1069 Lisboa, Portugal Tel: ++ 351 21 31 72 860 Fax: ++ 351 21 317 2870 Email: email@example.com Web: esoterica.pt/~cidac Contact: Dra. Elisa Costa 63 ROMANIA ROMANIA Romanian Forum for Refugees (ARCA) ARCA provides a number of services to refugees, including information regarding refugee status application. The organisation is based in Bucharest and provides tolerance education and other similar services to refugee women,children and other vulnerable groups. 23 Austrului Street APT 1, sector 2, Bucharest, Romania Tel:++ 40 1 252 7357 Fax: ++ 40 1 252 7358 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Irinel Grancea, President RUSSIAN FEDERATION 64 RUSSIAN FEDERATION Association for the Protection of Former IDP’s Rights (ADEPTS) The organisation is a consultancy, international NGO and research organisation. It i s involved in human rights monitoring, tolerance education and conflict management. It offers protection to refugees and displaced persons and works with vulnerable groups such as women, children adolescents, the disabled and the elderly. 39 Gilyakovskogo St., Office 803, 129110 Moscow, Russian Federation Tel/Fax: ++ 7 095 971 28 27 Email: email@example.com Contact: W.L Gadaborshev CARITAS- Moscow An organisation involved in conflict management, human rights monitoring tolerance education as well as the protection of refugees, other displaced persons and the resettlement and integration of war affected persons including women and the elderly. The organisation has projects in the Russian Federation, Central and Eastern Europe and the Caucuses. PO Box 93, 5/1 Dmitrivskoe shosse, Apt. 134 127434, Moscow, Russian Federation Tel: ++ 7 095 976 3554/977 0863 Fax: ++ 7 095 956 0584 Contact: Eloise Sune, Social Co-ordinator Centre for the Study and Management of Conflict Levinsky Prospekt 32a, Moscow 117 334, Russia Tel/Fax: ++ 7 95 938 0043 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.easwarn.ru Contact: Valery Tishkov Eurasia Foundation (EF, Moscow regional Office) EF is a funder/donor organisation which funds NGOs in the CIS involved in the protection of refugees, resettlement and the integration of vulnerable groups such as women affected by conflict. The EF Moscow has established the Universal Centre of resources for non-profit organisations. Tel++ 7 095 956 1235 Fax: ++ 7 095 956 1239 Email: email@example.com St. Petersburg Centre for Gender Issues The Centre focuses on resettlement and integration issues and working with women and other vulnerable groups. Ul. Vosstania 49/19, apt. 37, 191123 St. Petersburg, Russian Federation Tel: ++ 7 812 275 3753 Fax: ++ 7 812 275 8722 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Olga Lipovskaya, Chairperson 65 RUSSIAN FEDERATION The Union of the Committees of Soldiers’ Mothers of Russia (UCSMR) KSMR was formed during the war in Chechyna. KSMR was originally and primarily concerned with the conflict and the role of their sons in it as soldiers. They have built linkages with Chechyen and Ingush women and women‟s groups around the location and the release of prisoners of war and the more longer term issue of reconciliation and peace between peoples. Luchnikov per. 3, ent. 4, 101000 Moscow Tel: ++ 7 095 928 2506 Fax: ++ 7 095 206 8958 E-mail: email@example.com Contact : Valentina Melnikova Women of the Don Region A group of women primarily from the city and surrounding area of Rostov-Don, the largest city near the Chechen border, which saw the largest number of conscription. In the late 1980s they took action regarding the war and organised around economic, social and charity issues. Ul Kalinina 88, 34 6404 Novo Cherkassk Rostov Region, Russia Tel/Fax++ 86 352 31936 Email:firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Ljudmila Pavlichenko SLOVAKIA 66 SLOVAKIA Slovak International Relations and Understanding Society The mission of the Society is to furnish objective information to the international community on Slovakia to create its real picture and so develop an international understanding and cooperation among Slovakia and other countries. Using a democratic dialogue, the Society endeavours to contribute to form good international relations between Slovakia and other countries in the conditions of a global information society. The main tasks of the Society are: - to cooperate multilaterally on the development of good international relations, - to cooperate with NGOs in the Slovak Republic interested in supporting the Slovak Republic´s relations with other countries, - to cooperate with the International Vienna Council on projects supporting the development of economy of the Slovak Republic. Muškátová 32, 821 01 Bratislava Tel.: ++ 421 2 4342 0444; Fax: ++ 421 2 4342 0444 Contact: Kutan Ján, Ing., General Secretary The Slovak Helsinski Committee (SHC) The SHC is a member of the International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights, a self governing group of monitoring organisations in the participating states of the OSCE. Its mission is to monitor and promote Slovakia´s compliance with its human rights commitments under the Helsinki Final Act of 1975, the Act´s follow up provisions and other international human rights instruments that the Slovak Republic has ratified. The SHC is dedicated to the prevention of human rights violations, to human rights education and to the promotion and implementation of international human rights standards. The SHC provides regular reports on the state of human rights in Slovakia to the International Helsinki Federation and other international human rights NGOs, as well as reports on various topics and statements on specific cases of human rights violation. Košická 52, 812 08 Bratislava 2 Tel/Fax: ++421 2 5596 8834 E-mail:email@example.com Contact: Ingrid Baumannova, Executive Director People Against Racial Discrimination The main focus of work is the protection of human rights, solving of racial problems, monitoring of racial based assaults and violence, making pressure on responsible institutions to create better conditions for society without racial discrimination. They work with immigrants, emigrants, ethnic and nationalities groups. P. O. Box 18, 840 08 Bratislava 4 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: http://www.rasizmus.sk Tel.: ++421 2 5542 2176; Fax: ++421 2 5542 2176 Contact: ĎURKOVIČ Ladislav Peace Society in the Slovak Republic The Peace Society has groups in different regions and towns in Slovakia (Bratislava, Levice, Banska Bystrica). Their main topic is protection of human rights, education for peace and non-violent behaviour, protection of environment. They work with young people, adult, pensioners, family, single parents, social excluded, unemployed. 67 SLOVAKIA Studenohorská 39, 841 03 Bratislava 43 Contact: ŠEPITKOVÁ Ţelmíra, Dr. chair SLOVAKIA 68 Minority Rights Group – Slovakia Educational and advancement work with the goal to explain the role of citizen´s participation in the democratic society, different aspects of minorities rights and all dimensions connected with the application of general human rights. They work with adults, ethnic and nationalities groups, family, youth under 25. Dobrovičova 13, 811 09 Bratislava 1 E-mail: email@example.com Tel.: ++421 2 5292 0426,++421 2 5292 5568 Fax: ++421 2 5292 0426,++421 2 5292 5568 Contact: PUFFLEROVÁ Šarlota, PhDr., executive director Slovak Union for Peace and Human Rights Protection of peace, rights and freedoms of citizen, charity. They work with youth under 25, adults, unemployed, prisoners (also political), ethnic and nationalities groups, children under 15. Praţská 11, 816 36 Bratislava 1 Tel.:++421 2 5249 7461 Fax: ++421 2 5249 7461 Contact: DROZD Jozef, PhDr., chair Helsinki Citizens Assembly Supports the democratic principles of society that create assumptions of the functioning of the legal state, protection of national minorities rights and creation of circumstances for non conflict living together of Slovak citizens, irrespective of their nationality, ethnicity etc. They work with ethnic and minority groups, family, adults. Pionierska 12, 831 02 Bratislava 3 Tel.: ++421 2 442 510 47 Fax: ++421 2 442 510 47 Contact: BROČEK František, Ing., chair Partners for Democratic Change – Slovakia, The Centre for Conflict Prevention and Resolution Their main topic is strengthening and improvement of knowledge by the development of democratic principles, to make human rights in the society valuable, developing democratic institutions. They work with ethnic and minority groups, adults, youth under 25, businessmen/women, volunteers. Červeňova 4, 811 03 Bratislava 1 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org WWW: http://www.pdcs.sk Tel.: ++421 2 5441 8073 Fax: ++421 2 5441 41 30 Contact: ONDRUŠEK Dušan, director 69 SLOVENIA SLOVENIA In Slovenia, a wide range of NGOs operate, working with marginalised groups whi le international organisations have supported local NGO development. Peace Institute – Institute for Contemporary Social and Political Studies Metelkova 6, 1000 Ljubljana Tel: ++386 1 234 77 20 Fax: ++386 1 234 77 22 E-mail: email@example.com United Nations Association of Slovenia pp 210, 1000 Ljubljana Slovenia Tel/Fax: ++ 386 61 210 708 SPAIN 70 SPAIN Gernika Gogoratuz Peace Research Institute c/ Rafael Villa s/n, 28023 El Plantio Tel: ++ 91 3354 600 Fax: ++ 91 3354 430 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.cruzroja.es Contact : Juan Gutierrez, Director Instituto de la Paz y los Conflictos, University of Granada Offers an undergraduate courses in peace studies Granada 180 71, Spain Tel: ++34 58 244 142 Fax: ++ 34 58 248 974 Email: eirene@goliat,ugr.es Web: www.urg.es/~eirene Contact: Francisco A Munoz (Director) INTERMON The organisation operates as a network at international and regional levels and provides funds to organisations as well as implementing initiatives themselves. Their activities focus on women and peacebuilding. c/Roger de Lluria15, 08010 Barcelona, Spain Tel: ++ 93 48 20 700 Fax: ++ 93 48 20 7 07 Email: email@example.com Web: www.intermon.org Contact: Jose J. Perez Plano, Co-ordinator of Programmes Movimiento por la Paz, el Desarme y la Libertad (M.P.D.L) MPDL is an international NGO and network focuses on post -conflict, peacebuilding and conflict prevention projects in Eastern Europe, Africa and in South, Central and Latin America. MPDL implements initiatives and projects in construction and reconstruction, rehabilitation, promotion and protection of human rights and dealing with the consequences of conflict, to help women become more active and prepared participants in their respective communities. MPDL, C/San Agustin 3 3andar, 28014 Madrid, Spain Tel: ++ 34 91 429 7644 Fax: ++ 34 91 429 7373 Email:firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.mpdl.org Contact: Jose Jaime de Domingo Spanish Red Cross (Cruz Roja Espanola) c/Rafael Villa s/n 28023 El Plantio Tel: ++ 91 3354 600 Fax: ++ 91 33 54 430 Email:email@example.com 71 SPAIN Web: www.cruzroja.es Contact: D. Juan Manuel Suarez del Toro Rivero SWEDEN 72 SWEDEN Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University The Department of Peace and Conflict Research was established in 1971 to conduct research and offer courses in peace and conflict studies. At present some 200-300 students are enrolled every academic year. The training offered include an undergraduate and a Ph.D. programme as well as advanced programmes and special seminars.Offers MA and Ph.D programmes in peace and conflict issues. PO Box 514 751 20, Uppsala, Sweden Tel: ++ 46 18 471 0000 Fax: ++ 46 18 695 102 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.peace.uu.se Contact: Peter Wallensteen (Director) Kvinna till Kvinna KtK is a Swedish foundation which works with women in conflict and post conflict areas. The Foundation began its work in 1993 with a focus on the Balkans and have since expanded their operations. KtK provides financial support to between 50-60 women‟s organisations. The model they employ builds on partnership and the provision of technical support to other NGOs which works to support women that have been affected by wars and conflict throughout the Western Balkans. KtK co-operates with other women‟s organisations in Croatia, Macedonia and Albania, helping them to deal with trauma, provide healthcare and training, organising reconciliation and co-operation activities across boundaries and working to develop a stronger democracy. Tjärhovsgatan 9, S-11621 Stockholm, Sweden Tel: ++46 8 702 9820 Fax: ++46 8 6432360 Email:email@example.com Web: www.iktk.se Contact: Eva Zillen, Co-ordinator Life and Peace Institute (LPI) The Life and Peace Institute was founded in 1985 by the Swedish Ecumenical Council. It is based in Uppsala, Sweden and is an international and ecumenical centre for peace research and action. The LPI also offers undergraduate courses in Peace and Conflict. Ma and PhD programmes. The LPI firmly believes in a bottom-up-approach which allows it to strengthen the capacities of local communities through carefully tailored intervention measures. PO Box 1520, 751454 Uppsala, Sweden Tel: ++ 46 (18) 169 500 Fax: ++ 46 (18) 69 3059 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.life-peace.org Contact: Mark Salter, Communications Director Swedish Peace Council Erik Segersällsv. 3, 12650 Hagersten Tel: ++46 8 6856362 Fax: ++46 8 6856362 73 SWEDEN Transnational Foundation for Peace and Future Research (TFF) The goals of TFF include peace research and education to improve understanding of conflict at all levels as well as to promote alternative security and global development based on non-violent economics, sustainability and the ethics of care. TFF engages in 3 types of activities in countries in conflict i.e. they focus on conflict analysis/early warning; conflict mitigation and peace and reconciliation education offering 3 perspectives on analyses, criticism and constructive alternatives. Vegagatan 25, 224 57 Lund, Sweden Tel:++ 46 46 145 909 Fax:++ 46 46 144 512 Email:email@example.com Web: www.transnational.org Contact: Jan Oberg, Director SWITZERLAND 74 SWITZERLAND Centre for Applied Studies in International Negotiations (CASIN) The Centre for Applied Studies in International Negotiations specialises in negotiation, conflict management, good offices and diplomacy - grouped in a programme labelled 'governance', which it operates in several countries including Turkey. CASIN's primary activities consist of organising professional education and training programmes, bringing together concerned parties including, IFIs, governments, NGOs and academics. It also issues policy dialogues and arranges informal meetings of negotiators and experts. CASIN has attempted to involve women in several activities related to conflict management. It is an independent non profit foundation, financed by revenues derived from its activities. CASIN aims to create dialogue between concerned parties i.e. governments, NGOs, academics, media and IFIs. Avenue de la Paix 7 bis, Case Postale 1340, CH 1211 Genève 4 Tel: 4122 730 8660 Fax: 4122 730 8690 email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.casin.ch Contact: Jean Freymond Conference of European Churches (CEC) International NGO and religious organisation which is involved with tolerance education, human rights monitoring, conflict management and protection issues related to women and the elderly. CEC also organises capacity development courses on leadership for women. 150 route de Ferney, 1211-Geneva 2 depot, Switzerland Tel:++ 41 22 791 6111 Fax: 41 22 791 6227 Email:email@example.com Co-ordination of Women's Advocacy The Co-ordination of Women's Advocacy works to protect and promote women's rights in situations of war and conflict. It co-operates with the International Criminal Tribunals (ICT) for former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, with a view to achieving better protection of women's rights. The organisation provides advocacy, documentation and training materials on the ICT and is involved in tribunal monitoring. One of the projects, 'Witness on Witness Protection Measures', examines security issues. CWA is co - sponsoring an international conference on responses to war crimes against women, to be held in the spring of 1998. Ancien Collège, CH-1271 Givrins, Switzerland Tel: +41 (22) 369 4090 Fax: +41 (22) 369 4070 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: E. Richter-Lyonette, Programme Co-ordinator The Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, Political Affairs Division I (Euro-Atlantic Security Section); Political Affairs Division IV (Human Security) and the Swiss Development Co- operation These government institutions provide funds to organisations such as the OSCE/ODIHR and the Stability Pact Gender Task Force, and local and international NGOs. Organisations funded are generally involved 75 SWITZERLAND in conflict prevention, post-conflict work and programmes related to political empowerment of women, training in women‟s rights, prevention of violence against women, trafficking in women. Funds can also be accessed for the creation of databases, research or pilot projects on any of these issues. The Federal Department hopes to enhance women‟s agency in European post-conflict societies and in democratisation processes in general through their financial support. 3003 Bern, Switzerland Tel: ++ 41 31 324 6232 / 322 3352 / 323 71 54 Fax: ++ 41 31 324 3839 / 323 8922 / 48741 Email: email@example.com / firstname.lastname@example.org / email@example.com Contact: Siri Walt / Tatiana Fumasoli / Chrystel Ferret CFD – Frauenstelle für Friedensarbeit Gartenhofstr. 7, 8004 Zurich ZH Postfach 9621, 8036 Zurich Tel: ++41 1 2429307 Fax: +41 1 2412926 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC) 37-39 rue de Vermont, Case Postale 96, CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland Telephone: 41-22-919-1020 Fax: 41-22-919-1048 Email: email@example.com Contact: Dale Buscher, Emergency Head Médecins du Monde-Suisse Rue de l‟Ancien Hotel de Ville CH 2000 NEUCHATEL Switzerland Telephone: ++41-31-725-3616 Fax ++ 41-32-721-3480 E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org Swiss Peace Council; Schweizerischer Friedensrat (1945) PO Box 6386, 8023 Zurich Tel: +41-1-242-9321, fax: 241-2926, email: email@example.com Swiss Peace Foundation - Institute for Conflict Resolution Independent organisation working in the field of peace and conflict research. Develops action orientated analyses of ways of preventing crisis and creating positive peace. Conducts gender based research. Project: The participation of Women in Conflict Resolution which focuses on OSCE conflict prevention activities and the role of women in post communist societies. The organisation attempts to bring qualified women into conflict resolution and engages in research into pre-conflict and post-conflict situations funded by Campaign for Peace, an initiative that was formed by different women‟s organisations. Gerechtigkeitsgasse 12, PO Box 517, Postfach 3000, Bern 8 Tel: ++41 31 310 2727 SWITZERLAND 76 Fax: ++41 31 310 2728 Web: www.swisspeace.ch 77 SWITZERLAND Swiss Platform on Conflict Prevention and Transformation The Swiss Platform on Conflict Prevention and Transformation is an open and informal network of organisations involved in conflict prevention and resolution in the international arena. The Platform includes Forschungsstelle für Sicherheitspolitik und Konfliktanalyse der ETH Zürich, Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP), Institute of Federalism (University of Fribourg), Institut Universitaire d'Etudes du Développement (IUED), Peace Brigades International (PBI-CH) Swiss Peace Foundation, Swiss Red Cross, Synergies Africa, United Nations for Training and Research (UNITAR) and the War-torn Societies Project. The Swiss Platform is part of the European Platform for Conflict Prevention and Transformation. 69, rue de Lausanne, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland Tel:+41 (22) 906 1695 Fax: +41 (22) 731 0233 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.casin.org/sissmediation Contact: Jean F. Freymond Women for Peace (Frauen für den Frieden; Femmes pour la Paix) Founded 20 years ago by women‟s groups coming together to publicly announce a commitment to peace. Inspired by the women of Northern Ireland. Focus on anti-nuclear and anti-arms trade, but also trying to end antagonism between statist power blocs. Two parts of their work, women‟s rights and peace, are given equal importance. Actions include demonstrations include demonstrations, petitions and conferences. Postfach, CH – 6000 Luzern 15 Tel: ++41 342 0413 Fax:++41 342 0407 Email: email@example.com Web: www.frauenfuerdenfrieden.ch World Council of Churches (WCC) WCC is an international christian organisation built on the foundation of ecumenical collaboration. The organisation affirms its confidence in the vision and the power of the churches, to work for peace and justice. WICC gives special attention to women and has recently completed a „Decade of the Churches in Solidarity with Women‟. PO Box 2100, 1211-Geneva 2, Switzerland Tel: ++ 41 22 791 6111 Fax: ++ 41 22 79 0361 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.wcc-coe.org Contact: Aruna Gnanadason “THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA” 78 “THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA” Union of Women's Organizations of the Republic of Macedonia Vasil Gorgov bb, baraka 4, 1000 Skopje Tel: 389 2 134390 Fax: 389 2 238184 e-mail: email@example.com Contact: Ms. Savka Todorovska, President Balkan Center for Peace Tel: 389 2 220 476, 116 520, ext 240 President: Ms. Olga Murdzeva Skarik The Council for Peace and Civil Initiatives Tel: 389 2 111 821 Fax: 223 335 Contact: Ms. Teuta Cuckova The Women and the Family Dzon Kenedi 2-1/15, 1000 Skopje Tel: 389 2 618 886 President: Ms. Gulumrese Kasapi Organization of the Turkish Women Tel 389 2 116 366 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org President: Ms. Drita Karahasan International Center for Preventive Action and Conflict Resolution Krste Misirkov bb, 1000 Skopje Tel: 389 2 290 410 Fax: 290 411 e-mail: email@example.com Contact: Mr. Saso Georgievski, Executive Director 79 TURKEY TURKEY Association for Solidarity with Asylum-seekers and Migrants This consultancy and documentation centre is engaged in human rights monitoring, tolerance education, conflict management, coalition building and networking with other NGOs. The organisation is also involved in the protection of refugees and displaced people including women, children, the disabled and elderly. Tunali Hilmi Caddesi, /20 06700 Kavaklidere, Ankara, Turkey Tel: ++ 90 312 426 03 19 Fax: ++ 90 312 427 01 89 Contact: Sebnem Duman, Secretary-General Umut Vakfi The aim of Umut Vakfi Foundation is peacekeeping, and most pivotally peacebuilding development in peace – as well as peacemaking, and assisting in the formation of future leaders who have internalized these values. Umut Vakfi focuses its efforts in Europe, the Balkans, and the Middle East. Uses Attaturk‟s teaching, „Peace at Home, Peace in World‟ to educate youth for the benefit of Turkey and the rest of the World. Trying to create positive peace. Main Office, Yildizposta Caddesi 52 Esentepe, Istanbul, 80700, Turkey Tel: ++ 0-212-288-66-75 Fax: ++ 0-212-275-76-05 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.umut.org.tr Human Rights Association The Human Rights Association is active in the field of human rights, humanitarian assistance and training. In the area of conflict prevention and resolution its activities include data-collecting, fact-finding, monitoring and policy advice. It calls for a cease-fire during conflicts in Turkey. Tunali Milmi Caddesi 104/4 Ankara 06700, Turkey Tel: ++90 (312) 432 0957/8 Fax:++90 (312) 425 9547 Contact: Akin Birdal, Director TOSAM TOSAM (Centre for the Research of Societal Problems) promotes peaceful coexistence between communities - especially Turks and Kurds - by strengthening civic society, democracy and good governance. This is accomplished through training in conflict resolution and mediation, and by popularising its consensual document of mutual understanding: a statement of principles describing the framework of TOSAM's activities. It organises regional meetings where local opinion leaders are brought together for discussion. Under the title of Democracy Radio it broadcasts programmes. TOSAM says it is the only NGO in Turkey designed, managed and governed entirely by Turks and Kurds. Believes there is a huge problem with the Turkish governments non-pluralistic approach and the population‟s ethnic prejudices. Planning a „Mothers for Peace‟ project if funding becomes available. 2 Sokak No. 1/1, Bagcilaar Mahallesi, Gazi Osman Pasa, Ankara, Turkey Tel: ++90 (312) 4471133 Fax:++90 (312) 4468959 Email:email@example.com TURKEY 80 Web:www.tosav.org.tr Contact: Dogu Ergil, Director 81 TURKEY Umut Foundation The Umut Foundation is a non-profit organisation working for peace-building and conflict resolution in Europe, especially in the South East, the Middle East and its home country of Turkey. The Foundation co-operates with Search for Common Ground. Resit Galip Cad., Hereke Sokak 10 06700 Gaziosmanpasa, Ankara, Turkey Tel: ++90 (312) 446 1728/9 Fax: ++90 (312) 446 1036 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web:www.umut.org.tr Contact: Mehmet Gurkaynak, Director UKRAINE 82 UKRAINE Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) ADRA is a global organisation engaged in conflict prevention and resolution, conflict and emergencies providing tolerance education and needs assessment procedures and vulnerable groups. The organisation also implements projects which protect refugees and displaced persons as well as the resettlement and integration of vulnerable groups including women. 9 B Lukyanivska Street, 254107 Kiev Tel: ++ 380 44 416 1347 Fax: ++ 380 44 41681 02 Email: email@example.com Contact: Gregory Gaiun, Director Centre for Rehabiltation `Stupeny` (STEPS) STEPS is a national NGO which works with women and other vulnerable groups. The organisation provides tolerance and education training on rehabilitation issues and human rights monitoring. 1/3 Rasumovskaya 5 270008 Odessa, Ukraine Tel: ++ 380 482 32 77 28 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Sergei Vasiliech Dvoryak Women’s Information Consultative Centre (WICC) The WICC is a local women‟s NGO which is also part of a regional network involved in conflict prevention activities . The organisation has developed and implemented a course on `Empowering Education` based on non-violence, gender sensitivity and the pedagogy of liberation. This course is implemented in 8 countries in Eastern Europe. 40/5 Artema St, 04053 Kyiv, Ukraine Tel: ++380 44 2469207 Fax: ++380 44 2124875 Email: email@example.com Web: www.empedu.kiev.ua Contact: Olena Suslova, Director 83 UNITED KINGDOM UNITED KINGDOM Agency for Co-operation and Research in Development (ACORD) ACORD is a broad based international consortium of non-governmental organisations. The consortium is independent of political and religious affiliations and works under the trusteeship of its membership agencies, in particular with its field teams and local communities in Africa. While ACORD‟s main role is to promote development and establish non-governmental structures,it also has an interest in the issue of conflict prevention, conflict resolution and women‟s role in this. Dean Bradley House, 52 Horseferry Road, London SW1P 2AF Tel: ++ 44 207 227 8600; Fax: ++ 44 297 799 1868 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Judy El Bushra CHANGE CHANGE is an international NGO based in the UK. It aims to educate and alert public attention to inequalities facing women by producing and disseminating information to encourage an international exchange of strategies to overcome disadvantage, discrimination and to advance the inalienable rights of women. 222 Bon Marche Centre, 241-251 Ferndale Road, London SW9 8BJ Tel: ++ 207 733 6525; Fax: ++ 207 133 9923 Email: email@example.com Contact: Georgina Ashworth, Head Charity Know-How CKH is a funder/donor organisation which funds Training of Trainers (TOT) programmes and provides tolerance education, human rights monitoring, conflict management and rehabilitation services to women. Children, the disabled and others in Central and Eastern Europe. 114-118 Southampton Row, WC1B 5AA London, UK Tel: ++ 0207 400 2315; Fax: ++ 0207 404 1331 Email: Ckh@caf.charity.net.org Web: www.charitynet.org City University London This university department engages in projects relating to women and post -conflict peacebuilding in Israel/Palestine, Ireland/Northern Ireland, the former Yugoslavia and Cyprus. Staff at the University have since 1995, been engaged in research on women organising cross -communally in situations in or emerging from wars that have an ethno-national dimension. The research provides an opportunity to engage in a partnership with the research subjects for development and networking as for example when staff organised seminars and workshops that brought women of BiH, Israel/Palestine and Northern Ireland together in London and in Spain to exchange experiences. Plans are now in place for a seminar in Cyprus where women of the three previously named countries can share their experiences with Cypriot women Dept. of Sociology, 83 Bartholomew Road, London NW5 2 AH Tel: ++ 44 (0) 207 482 5670 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Cynthia Cockburn, Professor UNITED KINGDOM 84 Conciliation Resources C-R is a London based NGO that produces the ACCORD series of reviews of peace initiatives around the world. These series offer an authoritative and balanced review of war and peace processes. Each issue contains narrative and analyses by national and international experts, historical background to the conflict and peace accords and texts of peace agreements. 33 High Street Islington, London N1 9LH, United Kingdom Tel: ++ 44 207 278 2588; Fax: ++ 44 207 837 0337 Email: email@example.com Website:www.c-r.org/cr Contact: Andy Carl/Guus Meier Coventry Refugee Centre The Coventry Refugee Centre works with asylum seekers in the UK. Believes that women are natural peacemakers, so tries to enable them in the peacemaking process. 311 Stoney Stanton Road, Coventry CV6 5DS, UK Tel: +44 24 7666 3031 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Penny Walker Department for International Development (DFID) DFID is a government department which is funded by a programme of work on Women, Peace-Building and Gender Justice to be engaged in by the United Nations Fund for Women (UNIFEM). The programme has three components (a) Knowledge management which aims to build up a repository of information about women and peacebuilding/gender justice activities; (b) women‟s leadership which aims to bring women‟s voices to peace negotiations and post-conflict reconstruction scenarios. The emphasis is not on individual women leaders per se but rather on bringing the representation of women‟s concerns and potential for leadership. This aspect of the project will also emphasise the need for institutions to become `gendered` so that they can cope with women. The third aspect of the project will focus on local, pilot initiatives. Some regions, including the EU region will be identified as exemplifying certain aspects of the issues e.g. internal displacement. DFID is also funding UNICEF in a capacity building project which aims to focus on conflict affected children with the emphasis on gender and not just the education of girls. CHAD, 94 Victoria Street, London SW1E 5JL Tel: ++ 44 (0) 207 917 0912; Fax: ++ 44 (0) 207 917 0502 Email: email@example.com Contact: Sarah Maguire, Senior Adviser Human Rights Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford Offers undergraduate courses in Peace Studies, MA and PhD programmes. Bradford BD7 1DP, United Kingdom Tel: ++ 44 1274 234 185; Fax: ++ 44 1274 235 240 Email/Website: www.brad.ac.uk/acad/peace/home.html Contact: Paul Rogers (Head of Department) International Alert (IA) International Alert is an international non-governmental organisation created by human rights advocates in 1985. The organisation works with individuals and organisations from different levels of society that 85 UNITED KINGDOM have a capacity to contribute to the constructive transformation of conflict. IA implements programmes in various parts of the world including the Caucasus. IA believes that the core of conflict transformation work is the building of sustainable peace in which women can have particular and distinctive peacemaking roles. 1 Glyn Street, Vauxhall SE 11 5HT, London, Britain Tel: ++ 44 207 793 8383 Fax: ++ 44 207 793 7975 Email:firstname.lastname@example.org (Eurasia programme) email@example.com (Women Building Peace Campaign, Advocacy Department) Web: www.international-alert.org or www. womenbuilding peace.org Contact: Katherine Rabeau, Communications Officer Mothers for Peace Mothers for Peace is an NGO which is part of a network of similar organisations implementing conflict prevention and conflict resolution initiatives in the UK, Northern Ireland, Russia, Hungary, Cuba, the United states and Romania. Mothers for Peace, UK is engaged in a joint project with St. Petersburg Women‟s Centre in Russia which will provide conflict resolution skills training to women. British and Russian women will train together in London and in St. Petersburg in 2001. Rowan 14 School Crescent, Primrose Hill, Lydney, Gloucestershire GL15 5TA London, UK Tel: ++ 44 01594 841800 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.come.to/mothersfor peace Contact: Joy Simpson, Co-Chair Oxfam International Oxfam has many branches in Britain and other parts of the world. Working with partner organisations, Oxfam has pioneered a gender-sensitive approach to community development and peace building I n developing countries and those in transition. 274 Banbury Road, Oxford OX2 7D2 Tel: ++ 44 (0) 1865 312363; Fax: ++ 44 (0) 1865 312600 Email: email@example.com Web: www.oxfam.org.uk Responding to Conflict Offers 11 weeks courses in responding to conflict. Selly Oak , Birmingham B29 6LJ Tel: ++ 44 121 415 5641; Fax: ++ 44 121 415 4119 Email: enquiries @respnd.org Website: www.iwa.org/rtc.htm Contact: Simon Fisher Soroptomist International SI is a worldwide network which operates in 122 countries. The organisation is involved with women and peacebuilding activities and in the implementation of conflict prevention projects. SI have been in existence for more than five years and have initiated a four year project Limbs for Life in partnership with the ICRC. This projects assists the victims of anti-personnel landmines in Africa, Afghanistan and in Georgia. Additionally, SI have undertaken projects against the trafficking of women such as Soroptomist Stop Traffic undertaken in partnership with UNIFEM. UNITED KINGDOM 86 87 Glisson Road, Cambridge CB1 2HG, Britain Tel: ++ 44 01223 31883; Fax: ++ 44 01223 467 951 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www. sorop.org; Contact: Janet Bilton, Executive Officer 87 UNITED KINGDOM Westminster Foundation for Democracy 2nd Floor, 125 Pall Mall, London SW1Y 5EA Tel: ++44 207 9300408 Fax: ++44 207 9300449 E-mail: email@example.com WOMANKIND Womankind is an established organisation over 10 years of age. The organisation supports women‟s efforts world-wide to end political, economic and social discrimination. Working together in partnership with women and women‟s organisations to achieve its aims. Womankind has programmes in Albania and other areas of the Balkans. Viking House, 3rd Floor, 5-11 Worship Street, London EC 2A 2BH Tel: ++ 44 207 588 6110; Fax: ++ 44 207 588 6101 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.womankind.org.uk Contact: Brita Schmidt Women’s Federation for World Peace – UK 43 Lancaster Gate, London W2 3NA Tel: ++44 207 7230721; Fax: ++44 207 77242262 E-mail: email@example.com Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) WILPF is the first international women‟s organisation to voice women‟s concerns in relation to war and to look for peaceful solutions to conflict. WILPF has been bringing women of different political beliefs and philosophies together to work to abolish the causes and the concept of war, and for political, social, economic equality and human rights. There are 48 WILPF chapters spread across countries in every continent. In 1999, WILPF received funding from the European Commission DAPHNE Initiative for a research project investigating domestic violence against women by military personnel in peacetime Europe and made recommendations for developing best practice within the armed services. 8 Gordon Mansions, Torrington Place, London W C1E 7HE, England Tel: ++ 44 (0) 207 436 5639; Fax ++ 44 (0) 207 436 5637 Email: MarthaBaker@x-stream.co.uk Contact: Martha Jean Baker *** Northern Ireland Centre for the Study of Conflict (University of Ulster) The Centre for the Study of Conflict is a research centre based in the University of Ulster. The Centre was founded in 1977 as an inter-disciplinary research unit within the University. Its central aim since then has been to carry out research on the conflict in Ireland, to encourage the growth of an academic community involved in conflict research, and to support this process through seminars, publications, visiting scholars and liaison with other institutions. Room LO14, Cromore Rd., Coleraine, BT52 1SA, Northern Ireland Tel: ++028-7032 46666; Fax: ++028-7032 2917 Web:cain.ulst.ac.uk/csc/ UNITED KINGDOM 88 Churches Peace and Education Programme 48 Elmwood Avenue, Belfast BT9 6AZ Tel ++44 28 9066 2992 Fax:++44 28 9038 1737 Community Relations Council of Northern Ireland The Community Relations Council was set up in 1990 as an independent charity which aims to promote better community relations between Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland and, equally, to promote the recognition of cultural diversity. The Council seeks to influence people at all levels , from working class estates to the executive boardrooms. Provides support through finance and training. Develops opportunities for cross community understanding and encourages constructive debate. 6 Murray Street, Belfast, BT1 6DN, Northern Ireland Tel:++028-90227500; Fax: ++ 028-90227551 Web:www.community-relations.org.uk/ Corrymeela Community A Christian organisation trying to heal social, religious and political divisions in N Ireland and rest of world. Supports victims of violence and injustice. Provides opportunities for meeting, dialogue and learning. Corrymeela aims to provide an environment where mutual trust and respect can be build with the two communities in Northern Ireland. Hosts a number of residential courses, and offers a series of training and learning projects in the field of conflict and mediation etc. Works with families. 8 Upper Crescent, Belfast BT7 1NT Tel: ++028 9050 8080; Fax: ++028 9050 8070 Web:www.corrymeela.org.uk Contact: Mary Montague and Louise Hampshire. Initiative on Conflict Resolution and Ethnicity (INCORE) INCORE is a global centre for the study and resolution of conflict, based at the University of Ulster. While INCORE's primary focus is on international conflict, it also provides opportunities for people involved in addressing the Northern Ireland conflict to explore issues of conflict in a comparative context. Founded 1993 by Ulster University and UN University Aberfoyle House, Northland Road, Londonderry, BT48 7JA, Northern Ireland Tel:++ (0)28 7137 5500; Fax:++ (0)28 71 37 5510 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web:www.incore.ulst.ac.uk/ Contact: Lyn Moffett Irish School of Ecumenics The Irish School of Ecumenics (at Trinity College) is an international academic institute, Christian in its inspiration and ethos, interdenominational in its structure and personnel. It exists to promote through research, teaching and outreach activities the unity of Christians, dialogue between religions, and work for peace and justice in Ireland and abroad. It‟s resources are available to churches and other appropriate bodies committed to unity, dialogue and peace. The school runs adult education courses, partly as a method of conflict prevention and peacebuilding. The school believes women to have been in the fore of challenging sectarianism, but to have often been excluded from the decision making process. Through education and train, the school hopes to give women the skills they need to become further involved in reconciliation and conflict transformation. 89 UNITED KINGDOM 48 Elmwood Avenue, Belfast BT9 6AZ, Northern Ireland Tel: ++44 28 90 38 27 50; Fax: ++44 28 90 38 2750 E-mail: email@example.com Contact: Cathy Higgins Northern Ireland Women’s Coalition The NIWC was formed from a number of women‟s groups in Northern Ireland to promote the inclusion of women into the peace process and the government. They achieved their aim by bringing women into the political process with an agenda for peace in the province. The coalition fielded 70 candidates in the 1996 UK general election and were successful in having two women elected to the Northern Ireland peace talks. Since then the NIWC has become a respected, influential and liberalising force in Northern Irish politics. 50 University Street, Belfast BT 7 1HB Tel:++ 44 28 90 232 100; Fax: ++ 44 28 90 240 021 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.niwc.org Contact: Monica McWilliams Peace People The Peace People began in 1976 as a protest movement against the on-going violence in Northern Ireland. Over 100,000 people were involved in the initial movement and two of the founders, Mairead Corrigan (now Mairead Maguire) and Betty Williams received the Nobel Peace Prize for that year. Since its inception the organisation has been committed to building a just and peaceful society through nonviolent means - a society based on respect for each individual and that has at its core the highest standard of human and civil rights. Fredheim, 224 Lisburn Rd., Belfast, BT9 6GE, Northern Ireland TeL: ++ 01232-663465; Fax: ++ 01232 -683947 Email: email@example.com Web: www.peacepeople.com/ (website under development) Women Together for Peace/Women Together ….Moving On The Women Together organisation was founded at the height of the „troubles‟ on the 27 th October 1970 and has now entered its thierth anniversary year. The organisation aimed to help build a just and peaceful society and to address sensitively, the root causes of sectarianism and to strengthen the voice of women and to create opportunities for open and honest discussion as a means of building trust, improving understanding and appreciating difference. They organised the People Moving On initiative which organised public peace witnessing events to give people everywhere an opportunity to show continuing support for the peace process. Women Together Moving on has also been instrumental in recent years in encouraging much better co-operation and improving relationships between women involved at a community level through women‟s groups, networks and centres and women involved in the more traditional women‟s voluntary organisations. 62 Lisburn Road Belfast BT9, Northern Ireland Tel: +44 28 9031 5100 Fax: +44 28 9031 4864 Contact: Beatrice Boyd NON-MEMBER STATES 90 PART II: ORGANISATIONS BASED IN NON-MEMBER STATES BELARUS Gender Information and Policy Center (GIPC) The GIPC is an organisation based in Minsk, Belarus. GIPC operates under the Ministry of Social Welfare. It engages in, and implements initiatives on conflict prevention and conflict resolution with a particular focus on women. Much of its work is on promoting solutions to, and counteracting violence against women. In 1988-1989 the Belarusian Young Women Christian Association in collaboration with the GIPC carried out the project “Violence Against Women as a Social Problem” supported by UNIFEM. Within its framework a sociological research was conducted among 2-4-year students to reveal forms, conditions and factors, causing violence, its consequences as well as attitudes of young women towards violence and realising of its essence. Moreover, three public actions have been carried out. In the course of these events the leaflets were disseminated, the free-of-charge psychological and juridical consulting were provided, several information materials were published in the newspapers, 4 radio broadcasts were prepared, training for young women students on how to use the methods of physical self-defense were provided. Ministry of Social Welfare, Sovetskaya ul. 9, 220010 Minsk Tel: ++375 17 2226849 Fax: ++375 17 2226849 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Irina Chutkova, Executive Director BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Koraci Nade This local organisation based in Mostar focuses on women‟s issues, human rights, reproductive health of women, work with children and young people, education and empowerment of women. Ante Starcevica 32 b, 88000 Mostar Tel/Fax: ++387 36 310190 E-mail: email@example.com FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA The Albanian Women’s League (AWL) This is the first local non-political women‟s organisation founded in Albania in 1992 by the paediatrician Dr Flora Brovina and 50 other intellectual women. AWL‟s purpose is the emancipation of women and the acknowledgement and protection of women‟s rights and awareness in soc iety. The organisation currently focuses on the rehabilitation of traumatised mothers and children and has projects on violence against women, the cultivation of ethnic tolerance and other related issues. 91 FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA Association for Culture of Peace and Non-Violence (ANIMA) ANIMA was founded in 1996. Its goals are to facilitate and establish the idea of co-operation and tolerance, peace and non-violence, understanding and accepting differences. At the end of 2000, the “Informative educational centre for women of Montenegro” (ZINEC) was founded within ANIMA. The goal of this centre is to organise permanent education for women in Montenegro, to support systematic researching of women‟s questions in the past and present, as well as to support women‟s writing and publishing. Stari grad 329, 85330 Kotor, Montenegro Tel: ++381 81 227660 Fax: ++381 82 322860 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Aleksandra Bataković Montenegrin Women’s Lobby Women‟s group working with women and children, co-ordinated by Women in Black, Belgrade. E-mail: email@example.com Women in Black This group is extremely active and have many international contacts with women in other war zones. From their first initiative in Jerusalem in 1988 they have worked courageously for peace in the face of war, armed conflict, oppression and injustice. Strongly anti-militarist WIB oppose all violence and have brought sharply to the attention of the world the atrocities of systemat ised rape and sexual enslavement of women. Together with other groups they organise help for refugees when and where the need arises. At the same time, Centres of Women Studies are being set up at the universities, often despite opposition from the more traditional parts of the academic world. Many of the individual women that form a part of the organisation are prominent journalists in the independent press and are also active members of human rights organisations. Part of their resistance to war includes building and maintaining contact with women throughout the former Yugoslavia working on the same aims e.g. as in the project Open Heart, a programme which aids Serbian women and children returning to live in Sarajevo. Jug Bogdanova 18/5, Belgrade, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Tel/Fax: ++381 11 623225 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Stasa Zajovic EUROPEAN UNION 92 PART III: INTERNATIONAL, REGIONAL AND OTHER INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANISATIONS EUROPEAN UNION The European Union The European Union and particularly the European Commission is currently engaged in streamlining and reforming its former 20 departments, of which the directorate-general IA (DG IA) dealt with the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy. D-G 1A was at the core of the EU's hazardous task to design common external policies, including proposals for preventive action and also administered the PHARE and TACIS programmes, aimed at sustaining reform in the former Soviet states and partly dedicated to preventive initiatives. The EU‟s relief and other aid channelled through NGOs rose from 47 per cent in 1990 to 67 per cent in 1994, yet it is not clear how much of this aid has been dedicated to women and women‟s organisations engaged in peacebuilding activities. 12 Rue de Genève, B-1140 Brussels, Belgium Tel: ++32 (2) 299 1111 Fax: ++32 (2) 299 2872/73 Web: www.europa.eu.int/en/comm/dg08/dgviii.htm Contact: Francesca Mosca, Human rights & Democratisation OTHER EUROPEAN AND REGIONAL ORGANISATIONS European Women’s Lobby The European Women's Lobby (EWL)is the largest co-ordinating body of national and European non- governmental women's organisations in the European Union, with over 2,700 member associations in the 15 Member States. The EWL's goal is to eliminate all forms of discrimination against women and to serve as a link between political decision-makers and women's organisations at EU level. 18 Rue Hydraulique, B-1210 Bruxelles Tel:++32 2 217 90 20 Fax ++32 2 219 84 51 Email: email@example.com Contact: Clarisse Delorme, Communications Officer The European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity (EFDS) Established in 1994, the Forum has initiated programmes to promote the advancement of women in Central and eastern Europe. The programmes focus on analysis of the challenges women face to address issues of conflict and post-conflict development in South-Eastern Europe. The network has collaborated with UNDP on gender mainstreaming in the region, with the OSCE on capacity building for parliamentarians in the former republic of Yugoslavia. CEE Network for Gender Issues, Andrassy str.124, 1062 Budapest, Hungary Tel/Fax: ++ 361 512 5071 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web:www.europeanforum.bot-consult.ce Contact: Sonja Lokar 93 OSCE Stability Pact Gender Task Force The Stability Pact Gender task Force was established in November 1999 and operates as a cross- cutting NGO and a regional governmental network implementing initiatives on women, conflict prevention and post-conflict peacbuilding work. The organisation is based in Hungary and Bosnia Herzegovina and engages in projects in Slovenia, Croatia, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece and Hungary among others. UNIFEM has been very instrumental in the setting up of the Task Force. Before the SPGTF was set up, the CEE Network for gender issues, a regional, social democratic network, in collaboration with the Norwegian labour party Women and the Norwegian Foreign Ministry translated and published the Norwegian `Women Can do It` manual into many languages of the CEE transition countries CEE Network for Gender Issues, Andrassy str.124, 1062 Budapest, Hungary Tel/Fax: ++ 361 512 5071 Email: email@example.com Web:www.europeanforum.bot-consult.ce Contact: Sonja Lokar,Executive Director OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights in Europe (ODIHR, OSCE) ODIHR is an intergovernmental agency which engages in programmes related to the Training of Trainers (TOT), the publication of material and programmes related to conflict prevention and resolution, emergency and conflict situations, resettlement and integration and the protection of women refugees and other vulnerable groups. 19 Aleje Ujazdowskie, 00-557 Warsaw, Poland Tel: ++48 22 520 0600 Fax: ++ 48 22 520 0605 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: H. Bright, Public Affairs Officer Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) The intergovernmental Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe aims to consolidate common values, build civil societies, prevent local conflicts, bring peace to war-torn areas and promote a co-operative system of security. It has over fifty members including European states, former Soviet states and the USA and Canada. It‟s activities include early warning, conflict prevention and crisis management. The OSCE states recognise that the equality of women and men and the protection of the human rights of women are essential to sustainable democracy and to security and stability in the OSCE region. The OSCE has therefore established an Action Plan for gender Issues in order to ensure that the OSCE commitments concerning equality for women and men are taken into account. The OSCE employs an impressive list of techniques and a great body of experience in this field. Much of this has been brought together in the Conflict Prevention Centre at the Vienna Secretariat. An important element of the OSCE's work are its long-term field missions to such countries as Macedonia, Georgia and Moldova. OSCE Secretariat, Kärntner Ring 5-71010 Vienna, Austria Tel:++43 (1) 5143 6113 Fax:++43 (1) 5143 694 Email: email@example.com Web: www.osceprag.cz Contact: Ján Kubis or Beatrix Attinger, Gender Advisor UNITED NATIONS 94 Office of the OSCE HCNM As a result of the HCNM‟s April 2000 Report on the Situation of Roma and Sinti in the OSCE Area, the HCNM has initiated a joint project with ODIHR in Warsaw and the EUMC in Vienna a joint project on Roma Women and Access to Health Care. In the process of carrying out the project it is hoped that momentum will be given to the nascent Romani women‟s movement. The project is partly motivated by the fundamental view that enhanced participation and better standards of living, including integration of marginalised groups into mainstream programmes will ultimately contribute to building more stable societies. I.e. societies which may give rise to fewer grievances and be less susceptible to escalation of conflict. Prinsessegracht 22, 2514 AP The Hague, The Netherlands Tel: (31 70) 312 5512 Fax: (31 70) 363 5910 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: John Packer, Director UNITED NATIONS United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) For more than 53 years UNICEF has been helping governments, communities and families make the world a better place for children. Part of the United Nations system, UNICEF has an enviable mandate and mission, to advocate for children's rights and help meet their needs. Recognising the role of females in the care, protection and upbringing of children, UNICEF targets its emergency assistance programmes to women as well as children in areas of conflict. UNICEF has been in the forefront of promoting humanitarian principles that support the protection of women and children. UNICEF Brussels Office, Rue Montoyer, 14, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium Tel: +32 2 513 2251; Fax: +32 2 513 2290 Website: www.unicef.org United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) UNDP works with governments and peoples that have experiences development reversals leading to increased poverty through the weakening o the social, economic, environmental, cultural and political governance systems. The UNDP‟s Regional Bureau for Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (RBEC) administers the UNDP‟s programmes in Europe and the CIS. RBEC began the process of establishing its offices and programmes in the CIS in 1992. RBEC/UNDP offices and programmes ca be found in Albania, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, the Russian Federation, Turkey and the Ukraine. There are also Liaison offices in Croatia. In its post -conflict assistance, UNDP works in collaboration with UNIFEM and aims at the promoting of national reconciliation and economic recovery at the local level in the most war affected areas. Contact: Shahrbanou Tadjbakhsh Email: email@example.com United Nations Economic Council for Europe The ECE Regional Preparatory on the 2000 Review of the Implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action, held in Geneva from 19-21 January 2000 confirmed the interest of member countries to discus gender issues within a regional framework. Final Report from the meeting as well as other documents stress the difficult situation of women in transition countries. The ECE is developing a Network for 95 UNITED NATIONS Women‟s Entrepreneurs, which in helping to create a stable civil society, and therefore will aid conflict resolution and peacebuilding. Information Office, Palais des Nations, CH - 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland Tel: +4122 917 44 44; fax:+4122 917 05 05 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org website: www.umece.org United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO, Women and a Culture of Peace Programme) This UN agency implements projects world-wide and provides funding to selected organisations. The Culture of Peace Programme focuses on conflict resolution, conflict prevention, post -conflict and peacebuilding work. The WCP programme has sought to support women‟s initiatives for peace, empower women for democratic participation in political and economic decision-making and also contributes to training in gender sensitisation and socialisation especially geared towards young men and boys. In collaboration with governments, sister UN agencies and civil society organisations, the WCP has undertaken seven case studies on women‟s traditional conflict resolution and mediating practices which will be edited and published. The WCP programme has also developed two educational tools for the training in non-violent conflict resolution a) a module on `promoting Women‟s participation in Conflict Resolution to Build a Culture of Peace` and Education for a Culture of Peace in a Gender Perspective among other publications. 7 place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France Tel: ++ 33 1 45 68 12 12 ; Fax: ++ 33 1 45 68 55 67 Email: email@example.com Web: www.unesco.org\cpp\wcp Contact: Ingeborg Breines, Head of Women and Culture of Peace Programme United Nations Fund for Women (UNIFEM) UNIFEM, established for more than five years, provides funding for projects in Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent states but at times can also act as an implementing agency. UNIFEM are currently funding 23 projects in the region. This UN agency supports non-governmental organisations and governmental bodies that are working to help women in the areas of economic empowerment, human rights,governance, conflict prevention and post-conflict or peacebuilding work. UNIFEM supports women‟s initiatives for peacebuilding, national reconciliation and democratic transition in Tajiklistan where 600 active women and men have received training on gender issues and violence against women; women for conflict prevention and peacebuilding in the Southern Caucuses and peacebuilding activities in Kosovo. 304 East 45 Street, 15th, Floor, New York, NY 10017 Tel: ++ 1 212 906 6443; Fax: ++ 1 212 906 6705 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: email@example.com Contact: Zina Mounla, Programme Manager United Nations High Commisioner for Refugees Helping the world's refugees is the job of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, which was created by the U.N. General Assembly and began work in 1951. Among the people hit hardest by the violence and uncertainty of displacement are young girls, elderly widows, single mothers – women. As a rule of thumb, more than 75 percent of these destitute displaced people are women and their dependent children. That proportion of women and children may rise to 90 percent in some refugee populations, when husbands or fathers die, are taken prisoner or drafted as combatants. Most take refuge in remote, poorly developed areas and face huge problems of security. UNHCR acknowledges in OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS 96 its work that refugee women have special needs in terms of shelter, supplies and health care. They also require attentive preventive action to protect them from sexual violence and exploitation at all stages of their flight. UNHCR has developed gender training, known as People Oriented Planning (POP), to encourage staff to focus on the protection and assistance needs of refugee women. UNHCR encourages countries to consider that when rape or other forms of sexual violence are committed for reasons of race or political opinion, for example –during a conflict– then they should be grounds for refugee status. P.O. Box 2500, 1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland Tel: (41 22) 739-8502; Fax: (41 22) 739-7314/15/16 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.unhcr.org Contact: UNHCR Public Information Section World Bank Engaged in gender based projects in Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Albania. Projects include, micro-credit, land development and education rehabilitation. 1818 H Street, N.W.; Room J1-060, Washington, D.C. 20433 Telephone: (202) 458-5454 Fax: (202) 522-1500 E-mail: email@example.com Contact: Betty Bigombe, Postconflict unit OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS International Committee of the Red Cross/Women and War Project The ICRC is very conscious of the multi-faceted ways in which women experience armed conflicts and has recently initiated activities to better identify the ways in which women are affected by armed conflicts and war. In 1998 a study aiming to identify the needs of women, including their acces s to basic goods and services such as foods, water , shelter and care, was initiated to determine whether the ICRC‟s own response could be improved. A second aim of the project was to draw up a realistic and comprehensive picture of ICRC activities in favour of women affected by armed conflict, and assess whether these activities adequately respond to the to the needs identified. 19 Avenue de la paix, CH-1202 Geneva, Switzerland Tel: ++ 41 22 734 6001 Fax: ++ 41 22 734 2057 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact: Charlotte Lindsey, Responsable, Women and War Project International Crisis Group The International Crisis Group (ICG) is a private, multinational organisation committed to strengthening the capacity of the international community to anticipate, understand and act to prevent and contain conflict. ICG's approach is grounded in field research. Teams of political analysts based on the ground in countries at risk of crisis, gather information from a wide range of sources, assess local conditions and produce regular analytical reports containing practical recommendations targeted at key international decision-takers. ICG's reports are distributed widely to officials in foreign ministries and international organisations and made available to the general public via the organisation's internet site. The organisation works closely with governments and the press to highlight key issues identified in the field and to generate support for its policy prescriptions. The ICG Board - which includes prominent figures 97 OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS from the fields of politics, diplomacy, business and the media - is also involved in helping to bring ICG reports and recommendations to the attention of senior policy -makers around the world. The ICG Board is chaired by former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari; Gareth Evans, for nearly eight years Australia's Foreign Minister, took over in January 2000 as ICG's President and Chief Executive. ICG is headquartered in Brussels with a U.S. branch in Washington DC. The organisation currently operates field projects in nine crisis-affected countries worldwide: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Macedonia, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Algeria, Burundi, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Indonesia. 149 Avenue Louise - Level 16, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium Tel: ++32 (2) 502 9038 US Office Tel: ++ 1 202 408 8012; Fax: ++32 (2) 502 5038 Email: email@example.com Web:www.crisisweb.org Contact: Charles Radcliffe, Vice-President International Federation of University Women (IFUW) The IFUW was founded in 1919 and has members in 69 countries. Peace education has always been a focus for IFUW and it has carried out research on, inter alia, women‟s peacebuilding initiatives using media technology. A handbook on conflict resolution will be launched at the 27th IFUW conference in Canada in August 2001. 8 rue de l‟Ancien-Port, CH – 1201 Geneva Tel: ++41 22 7312380 ; Fax: ++41 22 7380440 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.ifuw.org Contact: Murielle Joye, Secretary General International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR) Founded in 1919, it is a movement engaged in spiritually based active non-violence. IFOR Believes that a gender perspective is essential in all peacebuilding policies and projects. The organisation recognises the pivotal role women play in peacebuilding and the link between civil society and sustainable peace. Its programs include Women Peacemakers Programme in co-operation with the Dutch Ministry for Development and Co-operation, Social and Institutional Development Department, Women and Development Department to support women‟s empowerment. Activities: organises non-violence training for grassroots women‟s groups and regional consultations which bring women from opposi te sides of conflicts together to dialogue and deepen their understanding of conflict resolution, documents women‟s peacebuilding activities and helps to build networks among women peacemakers through its newsletter - Cross the Lines. Its annual May 24 International Women‟s day for Peace and Disarmament Action Pack builds capacity in women‟s organisations by linking women‟s groups with resources and organisations that can provide technical and financial support. Spoorstraat 38, 1815 BK Alkmaar, Netherlands Tel: ++ 31 72 512 3014 Fax: ++ 31 72 515 1102 Email:email@example.com Web:www.ifor.org Contact: Shelley Anderson International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights The International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHF) seeks to promote compliance with the human rights provisions of the Helsinki Final Act in the OSCE member states. The Federation organises seminars and workshops to debate issues concerning ethnic tension and democracy, and publishes reports and study results. The Federation has representative Committees in at least 28 OSCE member OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS 98 states. A series of confidence-building activities in Yugoslavia is envisaged for 1998 with a view to reducing the potential for violent conflict. Rummelhardtgasse 2/18, 1090 Vienna, Austria Tel: ++43 (1) 402 7387/ 408 8822 Fax: ++43 (1) 408 7444 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact:Brigitte Dufour, Legal Counsel 99 OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS International Peace Bureau (IPB) Founded in 1892, the IPB has 210 member organisations. It supports peace and disarmament processes undertaken by the UN. IPB also acts as a publishing house and is working together with the International Fellowship of Reconciliation to promote the International Women's Day for Peace and Disarmament, May 24. Rue de Zurich 41, 1201 Geneva, Switzerland Tel: +41 (22) 731 64 29; Fax: +41 (22) 738 94 19 e-mail: email@example.com Web: www.ipb.org Media Action International Media Action International bridges the gap between journalism and humanitarian, post -conflict and development activities. It seeks to strengthen the role of credible information in humanitarian, peacekeeping, civil society-building, human rights, environment and development initiatives. As a centre for media initiatives, it produces documents and books relating to the innovat ive use of the media for development and peace-building purposes. It also manages field-based media projects in conflict areas and organises regular workshops and conferences. Villa Grand Montfleury 49, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland Tel: ++41 22 950 0750 Fax : ++41 22 950 0752 Web: www.mediaaction.org Contact: Loretta Hieber/Edward Girardet, Co-Directors Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) The members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee have long recognised that sustainable development must fully reflect the needs of both men and women and in 1983 adopted Guiding Principles to this effect. These guidelines were revised in 1989. These Guiding Principles serves as a useful instruments for advancing gender issues in the development co-operation programmes of the DAC members. These members include Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the UK and the United States. Other countries have since joined and the OECD has been working on mainstreaming a gender perspective into its conflict prevention strategies for member states to implement. OECD-DAC Tel: ++ 33 145 249 9008 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.oecd.org Contact: Francesca Cook, Responsible for gender issues Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) The Women‟s International league for Peace and Freedom links issues of peace and women‟s oppression, inequality and empowerment. WILPF has urged the international community to involve women fully in all stages of peace processes and negotiations. This includes women‟s effective participation in peace education, preventative diplomacy, non-violent peacebuilding and peacekeeping, and post-conflict peace-building. CP 28, 1 rue de Varmbe, 1211 Geneve 20, Switzerland Tel: +41 22 733 6175; Fax: +41 22 740 1063 OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS 100 e-mail: email@example.com Website: www.wilpf.int.ch Contact: Michaela Told, Secretary-General 101 OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS World Vision International (WVI) WVI is an international organisation which involves itself with needs assessment procedures, emergency and conflict situations and the protection, resettlement and reintegration of women refugees and other vulnerable groups. 4 Engelsberggasse, A-1030 Vienna, Austria Tel: ++ 43 1 717 9662; Fax: ++ 43 1 717 9668 Email:firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.wvi.org Contact: Kevin Cook, Regional Communications Director, Eastern Europe/Middle East, Regional Office CONCLUSION 102 CONCLUSION Women‟s peacebuilding work is important in building democracy and co-operation, yet it is not recognised as such and not given priority in funding terms. Instead, funding is too donor driven, too short term and too insecure. The information extracted from the completed questionnaires and other material received yield some interesting conclusions which donors and organisations engaged in peacebuilding work may find useful. These are divided into those which may be particularly beneficial for donors and those which relate to peacebuilding organisations themselves. These issues raise the question of how to provide an improved legal framework and a thought-through, responsible, long-term international funding policy for NGOs involved in women and peacebuilding activities. I. Conclusions relating to Donors/Funders i. Institutional support Provide support to women and women‟s organisations engaged in peacebuilding, conflict prevention and related activities and enable them to become involved or to strengthen current involvement in these types of activities at the institutional level without losing their strong links to the grassroots level. Support should also be provided to programmes which strengthen the voice of women in the conflict prevention and peacebuilding process. Ii. Mainstreaming Conflict prevention approaches to peacebuilding work should be mainstreamed into development and humanitarian aid work and development actors should ensure that a strategy of strengthening local capacities should not increase gender injustice, but should also not do any harm in this sphere. iii. Sustainability Donors need to become aware that peacebuilding and conflict prevention are slow, long-term processes that require follow-up. Thus donors should be prepared to provide a sustained investment with a time-table of at least four years so that organisations can learn and grow. iv. Provide clear funding criteria Donors should provide organisations with clear criteria for accessing funding and also inform them of what the expectations are from the projects being funded. Organisations have also recommended that donors provide sufficient funds to cover the administrative costs of the NGO. 103 CONCLUSION CONCLUSION Le travail de construction de la paix des femmes est important pour l‟établissement de la démocratie et de la coopération; cependant, il n‟est pas reconnu en tant que tel et n‟est pas prioritaire en termes de financement. En fait, le financement est trop dépendant des donateurs, trop incertain et prévu à trop court terme. Les informations tirées des réponses au questionnaire et d‟autres documents reçus permettent de tirer quelques conclusions intéressantes qui peuvent s‟avérer utiles aux donateurs et aux organisations qui travaillent à la construction de la paix. On distingue entre les conclusions qui peuvent être particulièrement profitables aux donateurs et celles qui intéressent les organisations de construction de la paix elles-mêmes. De tous ces problèmes découlent deux questions: comment améliorer le cadre légal des ONG tournées vers les femmes et la construction de la paix? Comment mettre en place, sur le long terme, une politique internationale de financement de ces ONG responsable et mûrement réfléchie? I. Conclusions intéressant les donateurs/bailleurs de fonds i. Soutien Il convient d‟apporter un soutien aux femmes et aux organisations féminines qui s‟occupent de construire la paix, de prévenir les conflits et mènent d‟autres activités connexes, et de leur donner les moyens de participer ou de renforcer leur participation actuelle à ce type d‟activités au niveau institutionnel, sans perdre leurs liens étroits avec la base. Il convient d‟apporter aussi un soutien aux programmes qui renforcent la voix des femmes dans la prévention des conflits et le processus de construction de la paix. ii. Intégration Il faudrait intégrer les stratégies de prévention des conflits et activités de construction de la paix dans les actions de développement et d‟aide humanitaire et les acteurs du développement devraient veiller à ce que la politique de renforcement des capacités locales n‟augmente pas l‟injustice à l‟égard des femmes et ne cause aucun préjudice en la matière. iii. Durabilité Les donateurs doivent prendre conscience que la prévention des conflits et la construction de la paix sont des processus lents, qui prennent du temps et exigent un suivi. Les donateurs devraient donc être prêts à investir durablement sur une durée d‟au moins quatre ans, de manière à ce que les organisations puissent se former et se développer. iv. Fournir des critères de financement clairs Les donateurs devraient fournir aux organisations des critères clairs pour l‟obtention de ressources financières et les informer également de ce que l‟on attend des projets financés. Les organisations recommandent également que les donateurs fournissent des fonds suffisants pour couvrir les frais administratifs des ONG. CONCLUSION 104 v. Capacity building and training Donors should provide funding for the training of women in their specific rights, including how to organise themselves to make the most effective political impact and how to advocate and lobby for their interests. vi. Research Donors need to fund more focused research on women and their peacebuilding activities and also research on the impact women have on peace building and in peace processes. As an integral part of this, donors should encourage and fund the systematic documentation of women‟s strategies and know-how for peacebuilding. vii. Promote women’s empowerment in decision-making Donors should give women the opportunity to become full actors of development and peacebuilding through the recognition of their role as development agents who are able to promote peace, prevent conflicts and contribute to their resolution. II. Conclusions relating to organisations engaged in peacebuilding, conflict prevention and related issues i. Sharing quality information NGOs should try to share their good practices to a greater extent with each other. At the moment there is too much fragmentation and too much information of varying quality being provided. This may be a result of organisations not having the resources to engage in cross regional or other types of sharing. However, organisations can make use of the internet and email where they have access to them and if they do not do so already. They could also make use of the community and peacebuilding websites which are currently available. ii. Creation of networks and strategic alliances NGOs should have clear objectives and be willing to link with other strategic partners in order to maximise their effectiveness in support of the common good. Additionally, working with like-minded NGOs and building on each other‟s distinctive competencies on project proposal for example, may result in access to more funds. Additionally, developing partnerships with different actors may provide more visibility for the work of little known NGOs. iii. Measure impact of their peacebuilding work NGOs should work with donors to develop acceptable criteria for measuring the impact of their peacebuilding work and its impact on women. 105 CONCLUSION v. Formation et développement du potentiel Les donateurs devraient financer la formation des femmes afin qu‟elles sachent quels sont leurs droits spécifiques, qu‟elles apprennent à s‟organiser pour avoir le plus fort impact politique possible et à défendre leurs intérêts en faisant pression sur les responsables politiques. vi. Recherche Les donateurs devraient financer davantage la recherche axée sur les femmes et leurs actions pour la construction de la paix et l‟encouragement des processus de paix, ainsi que la recherche sur l‟impact de ces actions. Dans ce cadre, les donateurs devraient encourager et financer la mise en place systématique d‟une documentation consacrée aux stratégies et savoir-faire des femmes en matière de construction de la paix. vii. Renforcer les capacités d’intervention des femmes dans les processus de décisions Les donateurs devraient donner aux femmes la possibilité de participer pleinement au développement et à la construction de la paix en reconnaissant leur rôle comme agentes de développement capables de promouvoir la paix, de prévenir les conflits et de contribuer à leur règlement. II. Conclusions intéressant les organisations engagées dans la construction de la paix, la prévention des conflits et autres questions connexes i. Mise en commun d’informations fiables Les ONG devraient s‟efforcer de mettre davantage en commun leurs bonnes pratiques. A l‟heure actuelle, l‟information fournie est trop souvent dispersée et de qualité variable, ce qui est, peut-être, dû au fait que les organisations n‟ont pas les ressources nécessaires pour organiser une mise en commun des données régionales ou autres. Toutefois, si elles ne le font pas déjà, les organisations devraient se servir de l‟Internet et du courrier électronique, lorsqu‟elles y ont accès. Elles pourraient aussi profiter des sites web communautaires et relatifs à la construction de la paix qui sont actuellement disponibles. ii. Création de réseaux et d’alliances stratégiques Les ONG devraient avoir des objectifs clairs et être prêtes à établir des liens avec d‟autres partenaires stratégiques afin d‟optimiser leur efficacité pour le bien commun. En outre, la coopération avec des ONG travaillant dans cet esprit et s‟appuyant réciproquement sur leurs compétences spécifiques concernant une proposition de projet, par exemple, peut permettre d‟avoir accès à des ressources financières supplémentaires. Le travail des ONG les moins connues gagnera certainement en visibilité si elles développent des partenariats avec différents acteurs. iii. Evaluation de l’impact de leurs activités de construction de la paix Les ONG devraient coopérer avec les donateurs pour élaborer des critères acceptables permettant d‟évaluer l‟impact de leurs activités de construction de la paix et leur impact sur les femmes. CONCLUSION 106 iv. Capacity building and training NGOs should ensure that they involve themselves and their staff in training and capacity building of women in their specific rights, including how to organise themselves to make the most effective political impact and how to advocate and lobby for their interests. They should try to gain more competence in inclusive democratic decision and work processes. For women‟s organisations to continue to play an effective part in democratic processes, for them to survive, be effective and to make an impact, women and their organisations must be provided with new skills. 107 CONCLUSION iv. Formation et renforcement du potentiel Les ONG devraient s‟attacher à participer, avec leur personnel, au développement du potentiel des femmes et à leur formation pour qu‟elles sachent quels sont leurs droits spécifiques, qu‟elles apprennent à s‟organiser pour avoir le plus fort impact politique possible et à défendre leurs intérêts en faisant pression sur les responsables politiques. Elles devraient aussi s‟efforcer d‟approfondir leurs connaissances des processus intégrés d‟action et de décisions démocratiques. Pour que les organisations féminines continuent à jouer un rôle effectif dans les processus démocratiques, pour qu‟elles puissent survivre, fonctionner, pour qu‟elles puissent avoir un impact, il faut que les femmes et leurs organisations acquièrent de nouvelles compétences.