A Dose of Cod Liver Oil

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  The New Deal in Arizona
Banks Close!

This article describes
Governor Moeur’s
order to close the
banks in Phoenix and
Tucson for three days
in March of 1933.
           Proclamation to Suspend Banking




Proclamation given by Governor Moeur, authorizing Y.C. White, the superintendent
of Banks of the State of Arizona, to direct the suspension of all banking institutions
                                     in the state.
      Governor Roosevelt of New York




Even before he became president, Franklin Roosevelt prioritized economic
                   relief for the people of New York.
Organizational chart of the New Deal


                       The programs of
                       the New Deal
                       had a distinct
                       hierarchy with
                       the President at
                       the top.
New Deal Complications




This cartoon uses a street sign to show the many different issues that
need to be addressed, making it hard to know which direction to take on
the road to recovery.
         Not the First Depression . . .




The journalist’s father remembers other times of economic hardship in 1873 and 1893.
Application for relief


 People requesting
 financial relief would
 need to fill out this
 four-page application.
Application of Governor Moeur for aid


                       Governor Moeur wrote
                       this application to the
                       Federal Emergency
                       Relief Administration to
                       request $1,073,921 of
                       relief money for the
                       unemployed of Arizona.
Letter from Franklin D. Roosevelt


This letter from President
Franklin D. Roosevelt to
Governor Moeur in 1934
states that he hopes the
cities and towns will take
advantage of new recovery
programs and that cities
should strive to clear slums
and construct and maintain
lower income housing.
                Newsletter 1936
 These bulletins had descriptions of new projects, status of current
projects and how many employees are working on a specific project.
WPA Posters


 From 1936 to 1943,
 the WPA sponsored
the creation of 2,000
posters, designed to
   publicize health
  safety and cultural
      programs.
  This poster promoted the National Park Service by featuring the Grand
Canyon. You can find many of the posters at the Library of Congress website
                     at the American Memory Project.
Feeding the children




 Food for children was one of the most important priorities of the new
 deal programs. This photo shows school children at Drachman School
 in Pima County getting their nutritious lunch.
 Children’s Summer Camps




Children’s camps were mainly set up in the summer to provide good food and a
healthy environment for undernourished and disadvantaged children. Volleyball
                     was one of the most popular sports.
Camp rules
Tents!




While at camp, the children would sleep in tents. Here is a picture of
a typical campsite that housed children for the summer.
Sewing clothes




One of the purposes of the girls camps was to teach homemaking
skills, such as sewing.
Peeling potatoes in the boys camps
Nature study, wood carving, soap carving, horseshoes and bird lore
          were some of the favorite activities for the boys.
A Mascot!




   At Granite Dells Girl’s Camp, these girls adopted a local dog.
                     Copper Display
Copper displays were a very popular art project. This one was in Tucson.
Copper Exhibit




This copper display from Pima County is shown at a state exhibit in Prescott
Letter from Nellie Bush for the
Women’s Division of the NRA

This letter from Nellie Bush
talks about the National
Recovery Administration,
Women’s Division. Mrs. Bush
is the State Chairwoman for
the NRA in 1933. A very
successful woman, she had
also been a legislator,
attorney, ferryboat pilot and
airline pilot.
   Political
   Cartoons




There were so many cartoons in the newspaper about the economic times.
This one lampoons the National Recovery Act asking if “Mr. Public” would like
cookies or “jobs”, while the profiteers are lurking outside.
   Good Press for the NRA




This drawing from the newspaper states the accomplishments of the
National Recovery Act, including public properties improvement, money for
new naval bases, clearance of slums, and road and building construction.
CWA: Civil Works Administration sign


                      The CWA supported
                      300,000 projects for
                      five months, employing
                      temporary federal
                      workers. Some of the
                      specific projects
                      included a mural for
                      the library at the
                      teacher’s college in
                      Tempe (now ASU),
                      airport landing fields,
                      and the Historical
                      American Building
                      Survey.
   Weaving blankets




 As part of the CWA, women worked at weaving or piecing together shards of
prehistoric pots. Sewing projects also provided clothes for the children’s camps.
     Maricopa County TB Hospital




One of the big Civil Works Projects for Maricopa County was the tuberculosis
hospital, called the Maricopa County Sanitarium.
Arizona Flag on the TB Sanitarium
         Glendale High School project
One of the New Deal Projects included making additions to
                 Glendale High School
Report on the Civilian Conservation Corps in Arizona



                                 From 1933 to 1942, the
                                 Civilian Conservation Corps
                                 employed young men to
                                 build roads, fire towers,
                                 recreational facilities, and
                                 protect natural habitats.
                                 The men would send part of
                                 their salaries home to
                                 support their families. There
                                 were 27 CCC camps in
                                 Arizona.
In this telegram, the Mayor of Prescott is urging the Governor to approve three
CCC camps in the Prescott National Forest.
CCC Camp Newsletter




 The CCC camps had their own newsletters. This one is from the
 Willcox camp in 1936
      Back to the Farm: Subsistence farming in
      Arizona




Roosevelt developed this program to provide 1 to 5 acres of land to citizens for their own
                 subsistence. Some of these plots were in Phoenix.
    High Prices




                                Business is glad that stocks, wheat prices,
Farmers are hoping for higher   cotton and other commodities are sky
prices for their crops.         rocketing in the New Deal
       Global Great Depression




Many countries in Europe were also suffered an economic depression during the
 1930s. This cartoon shows how the Depression affects the economy and the
            gold standard for the English pound and the Italian lira.
 Origin of “the New Deal”?




This article argues that the term “New Deal” could have come from cartoonist
John Baer, a farmer-labor whose drawing demanded a “new deal” for the average
man. Not long afterward, Governor Roosevelt accepted the presidential
nomination, saying “I pledge myself to a new deal to the American people.”
  How well did the New Deal Work? Did it
             help Arizonians?




Yes and No: Some said their lives had improved, others felt
         little difference from recovery programs.
             New Deal Results by County




This newspaper article is regarding another poll taken on recovery programs.
Many of the counties saw improvement in life conditions. Other like Gila and
Maricopa were negative.
       A Sense of Humor




Humor can be found even in depressing times. These artists in training at Fort Mohave
   showed off some of their original billboards in front of Keep off the Grass sign.

				
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