"A Dose of Cod Liver Oil"
A Dose of Cod Liver Oil: The New Deal in Arizona Banks Close! This article describes Governor Moeur’s order to close the banks in Phoenix and Tucson for three days in March of 1933. Proclamation to Suspend Banking Proclamation given by Governor Moeur, authorizing Y.C. White, the superintendent of Banks of the State of Arizona, to direct the suspension of all banking institutions in the state. Governor Roosevelt of New York Even before he became president, Franklin Roosevelt prioritized economic relief for the people of New York. Organizational chart of the New Deal The programs of the New Deal had a distinct hierarchy with the President at the top. New Deal Complications This cartoon uses a street sign to show the many different issues that need to be addressed, making it hard to know which direction to take on the road to recovery. Not the First Depression . . . The journalist’s father remembers other times of economic hardship in 1873 and 1893. Application for relief People requesting financial relief would need to fill out this four-page application. Application of Governor Moeur for aid Governor Moeur wrote this application to the Federal Emergency Relief Administration to request $1,073,921 of relief money for the unemployed of Arizona. Letter from Franklin D. Roosevelt This letter from President Franklin D. Roosevelt to Governor Moeur in 1934 states that he hopes the cities and towns will take advantage of new recovery programs and that cities should strive to clear slums and construct and maintain lower income housing. Newsletter 1936 These bulletins had descriptions of new projects, status of current projects and how many employees are working on a specific project. WPA Posters From 1936 to 1943, the WPA sponsored the creation of 2,000 posters, designed to publicize health safety and cultural programs. This poster promoted the National Park Service by featuring the Grand Canyon. You can find many of the posters at the Library of Congress website at the American Memory Project. Feeding the children Food for children was one of the most important priorities of the new deal programs. This photo shows school children at Drachman School in Pima County getting their nutritious lunch. Children’s Summer Camps Children’s camps were mainly set up in the summer to provide good food and a healthy environment for undernourished and disadvantaged children. Volleyball was one of the most popular sports. Camp rules Tents! While at camp, the children would sleep in tents. Here is a picture of a typical campsite that housed children for the summer. Sewing clothes One of the purposes of the girls camps was to teach homemaking skills, such as sewing. Peeling potatoes in the boys camps Nature study, wood carving, soap carving, horseshoes and bird lore were some of the favorite activities for the boys. A Mascot! At Granite Dells Girl’s Camp, these girls adopted a local dog. Copper Display Copper displays were a very popular art project. This one was in Tucson. Copper Exhibit This copper display from Pima County is shown at a state exhibit in Prescott Letter from Nellie Bush for the Women’s Division of the NRA This letter from Nellie Bush talks about the National Recovery Administration, Women’s Division. Mrs. Bush is the State Chairwoman for the NRA in 1933. A very successful woman, she had also been a legislator, attorney, ferryboat pilot and airline pilot. Political Cartoons There were so many cartoons in the newspaper about the economic times. This one lampoons the National Recovery Act asking if “Mr. Public” would like cookies or “jobs”, while the profiteers are lurking outside. Good Press for the NRA This drawing from the newspaper states the accomplishments of the National Recovery Act, including public properties improvement, money for new naval bases, clearance of slums, and road and building construction. CWA: Civil Works Administration sign The CWA supported 300,000 projects for five months, employing temporary federal workers. Some of the specific projects included a mural for the library at the teacher’s college in Tempe (now ASU), airport landing fields, and the Historical American Building Survey. Weaving blankets As part of the CWA, women worked at weaving or piecing together shards of prehistoric pots. Sewing projects also provided clothes for the children’s camps. Maricopa County TB Hospital One of the big Civil Works Projects for Maricopa County was the tuberculosis hospital, called the Maricopa County Sanitarium. Arizona Flag on the TB Sanitarium Glendale High School project One of the New Deal Projects included making additions to Glendale High School Report on the Civilian Conservation Corps in Arizona From 1933 to 1942, the Civilian Conservation Corps employed young men to build roads, fire towers, recreational facilities, and protect natural habitats. The men would send part of their salaries home to support their families. There were 27 CCC camps in Arizona. In this telegram, the Mayor of Prescott is urging the Governor to approve three CCC camps in the Prescott National Forest. CCC Camp Newsletter The CCC camps had their own newsletters. This one is from the Willcox camp in 1936 Back to the Farm: Subsistence farming in Arizona Roosevelt developed this program to provide 1 to 5 acres of land to citizens for their own subsistence. Some of these plots were in Phoenix. High Prices Business is glad that stocks, wheat prices, Farmers are hoping for higher cotton and other commodities are sky prices for their crops. rocketing in the New Deal Global Great Depression Many countries in Europe were also suffered an economic depression during the 1930s. This cartoon shows how the Depression affects the economy and the gold standard for the English pound and the Italian lira. Origin of “the New Deal”? This article argues that the term “New Deal” could have come from cartoonist John Baer, a farmer-labor whose drawing demanded a “new deal” for the average man. Not long afterward, Governor Roosevelt accepted the presidential nomination, saying “I pledge myself to a new deal to the American people.” How well did the New Deal Work? Did it help Arizonians? Yes and No: Some said their lives had improved, others felt little difference from recovery programs. New Deal Results by County This newspaper article is regarding another poll taken on recovery programs. Many of the counties saw improvement in life conditions. Other like Gila and Maricopa were negative. A Sense of Humor Humor can be found even in depressing times. These artists in training at Fort Mohave showed off some of their original billboards in front of Keep off the Grass sign.