Avoiding Plagiarism

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					      Avoiding Plagiarism:
      and other writing tips…*



                        BUS 302
                 The Gateway Experience



*: Adapted from the University of Alberta in Canada
What Is Plagiarism?
   Use of another’s work without giving credit

   “Intentionally or knowingly representing the
    words, ideas, or work of another as one’s
    own in any academic exercise” (CSUN 2010-
    2012 Catalog, Appendix E)
    Discussion Question
   Why should we be concerned about
    it?
    Because…
   If you plagiarize, you are cheating yourself.
    You don’t learn to write out your thoughts in your own words,
    and you don’t get specific feedback geared to your individual
    needs and skills.
    Plagiarizing a paper is like sending a friend to basketball
    practice for you – you’ll never get the benefit of the practice
    yourself.
Plagiarism is dishonest because it misrepresents the
work of another as your own.
   Plagiarism devalues others' original work.

    Submitting another writer's work as yours is taking an unfair
    advantage over students who do their own work.
    Because…
   It is wrong to take or use property (an author's work)
    without giving the owner the value or credit due.

   Copyright violations can result in fines or legal
    damages.

   Plagiarism violates the CSUN Code of Conduct and
    can result in suspension or expulsion.
   CSUN's reputation affects the value of your degree;
    student dishonesty hurts CSUN’s standing and can
    make your degree worth less.
Discussion Questions
   Why do people plagiarize?




   What can we do to prevent it?
        Types of Plagiarism

   Intentional plagiarism:
   deliberate copying or use of another’s work without
credit.
   Unintentional plagiarism can result from:
       not knowing citation standards
        (e.g., “I thought the Internet was free!”)
       sloppy research and poor note-taking habits, or
       careless “copying and pasting” of electronic sources.
   Both types are subject to disciplinary
    action
    The Spectrum of Offenses

  Possibly                                                          Deliberate
Unintentional                                                       Plagiarism
 Plagiarism




     Using a      Building on     Copying from       Hiring        Buying,
   source too      someone’s     another source    someone to    stealing, or
  closely when   ideas without    without citing    write your   borrowing a
  paraphrasing      citation     (on purpose or       paper         paper
                                  by accident)
Avoiding Plagiarism
   Manage your time
   Keep track of your sources
   Distinguish your ideas from the ideas in
    other sources
   Be careful when working with others
   Think of the consequences
    Proper Citation
   Know what to cite
       Keep track of original sources
       Be careful of “cut and paste” online research
       There are “no freebies”
       Beware of “common knowledge”
   Know how to cite
       Provide enough information so we can find the original source
       Use an accepted standard such as APA or MLA
       Use your own words and ideas
       If you repeat another’s exact words, you must use quotation
        marks and cite the source.
       Avoid using others’ work with minor cosmetic changes.
Proper Citation – cont’d
   Know when to cite
       Direct quotations
       Paraphrased ideas
       Facts or information that isn’t common
        knowledge
       When in doubt, you must cite
Plagiarism in Teams
   Team Assignments
      All members of the team are responsible for
       accuracy and honesty of team work
      Keep track of your own research and contributions
       to the team
      Proofread for each other

      Read the paper before it is submitted

   Study Groups
      When working together on individual assignments,
       hand in your own words/answers
      Don’t give others your written answers. You can
       discuss how you got your solutions
        Deciding When To Give
        Credit: Examples
Below are some situations in which writers need to decide whether or not they are
running the risk of plagiarizing. Indicate if you would need to document (Yes), or if it
is not necessary to provide quotation marks or a citation (No). If you do need to give
the source credit in some way, explain how you would handle it. If not, explain why.

 1       You are writing new insights about your own experiences.

 2       You are using an editorial from your school’s newspaper with which you disagree.

 3       You use some information from a source without ever quoting it directly.

 4       You have no other way of expressing the exact meaning of a text without using the
         original source verbatim.

 5       You mention that many people in your discipline belong to a certain organization.

 6       You want to begin your paper with a story that one of your classmates told about her
         experience in Bosnia.

 7       The quote you want to use is too long, so you leave out a couple of phrases.

 8       You really like the particular phrase somebody else made up, so you use it.
Academic Dishonesty
    Types of Academic Dishonesty
   Cheating
      “Intentionally using or attempting to use
       unauthorized materials, information, or study aids in
       any academic exercise”
   Fabrication
      “Intentional falsification or invention of any
       information or citation in an academic exercise”
   Facilitating academic dishonesty
      “Intentionally or knowingly helping or attempting to
       help another to commit an act of academic
       dishonesty”
   Plagiarism

                            Source: CSUN 2010-2012 Catalog, Appendix E.
    Academic Integrity Quiz*




*: Adapted from the University of Alberta in Canada
Answer 1
   YES!
    If your instructor specifies that you are
    expected to do your own work, then
    both you and your friend can be
    charged with plagiarism. If you’re not
    sure whether or not you are allowed to
    work in groups, ASK!!!
Answer 2
   YES!
    Helping someone to cheat is frowned
    upon and is definitely a prohibited
    under the CSUN Policy on Academic
    Dishonesty . You could be charged and
    face penalties.
Answer 3
   YES!
    You are still copying someone else’s
    ideas without acknowledging the
    author, even if you were going to say
    the same thing. Every single time you
    quote from another source, you must
    include the citation.
Answer 4
   NO – But this is a trick question!
    Altering a medical note falls under the
    category of Misrepresentation of Facts
    and carries penalties just as strict as the
    other instances of inappropriate
    academic behavior.
Answer 5
   YES!
    You could be charged with plagiarism
    (after all, you are handing someone
    else’s work in as your own), and your
    friend could be charged with
    participating in an offense.
Answer 6
   NO!
    It’s your choice whether or not to report
    someone else’s cheating. However, it’s
    you that’s going to lose out here –
    cheating skews the curve and gives
    someone an academic advantage
    through dishonest means. Do you really
    want that in your classes?
Answer 7
   YES!
    As strange as it sounds, re-submission
    falls under the category of Cheating.
    When your instructor assigns a paper, it
    is expected to be researched and
    written specifically for that purpose.
Answer 8
   NO – But this is a trick question!
    You are misrepresenting facts by
    fabricating anything on your
    bibliography or any other assignment,
    for that matter. You are better off to
    head back to the library to find one
    more source.
Answer 9
   NO!
    Materials posted by professors for
    student use are legitimate and a great
    way to study. If professors post old
    exams for student use, you can use
    them as practice tests.
Answer 10
   YES!

    This is another case of
    Misrepresentation of Facts.