HEIDELBERG_HIKE by niusheng11

VIEWS: 123 PAGES: 19

									Girl Scout Information
Revised by Cadette Girl Scouts Kelly Scott and Lacey Villiva
                    GSUSA Over Seas
                                    July 2001


                                                                        Castle   6
                  Markt Platz
 Old Bridge                                                Bergbahn
                                            Kornmarkt 5

                     3                      Hotel
                                            Ritter   4
                    Holy Ghost


                                                                           Old and New
                    1                                                 8    University
                                                         The Karzer

Neckar River                                         7



Theodore Heuss
                                              Rohrbacher Strasse
    Bridge                             2          Parking Lot
                   Bismarckplatz                                          Galeria

                                                         To McDonalds

         Driving Directions



                                           Scout       B
     A                                                 P
     5                                     Hut
                                         Campbell           Chapel

                                                                          Rohrbacher Str.


           Schwetzinger Str.

                                                             Heidelberg Exit

PH                                    B3
V                    B535/B3          to Emmertsgrund
                     to Leimen,

                                          Famila center
         Written Driving Directions to Bismarckplatz

1.   When arriving by car from A5, take the Patrick Henry Village (PHV) exit.

2.   Get on to B535/B3 toward Heidelberg/Leimen.

3. At the first intersection with a traffic light turn right on to the B3 toward
Heidelberg. Turning left will take you back toward PHV. Follow B3 until the
Heidelberg exit by the Famila Center.

4. Go straight on Karlsruher Strasse. Keep going straight until you go under
and overpass and over a short bridge near Auto Joncker. Turn right at the T

5.   Follow the curve around the bus/Strassenbahn stop and turn left.

6. Go straight until you get to a major intersection. There is a square with a
fountain in it on the right. Turn right and get in the left lane by the Fountain.
Stay in the left lane through the light. Follow the street past the post office
and Galleria Kaufhof and you will be on the Hauptstrasse side of the

7. The Darmstaedter Hof parking lot will be a down ramp on the left side of
the street.

                            Table of Contents
                              Topic             Page
Map of Downtown Heidelberg                        2
Driving Map                                       3
Written Driving Instructions                      4
General Information                               6
How to Earn the Patch                             7
Once Upon a Time                                  8
“I Lost My Heart in Heidelberg”                  10
Starting the Heidelberg Historical Hike          11
Nine Points of Interest                          12
Badges                                           16
Additional Information                           17
Application for Patches                          19

                            General Information

1. The Heidelberg Historic Hike is a 4-mile city tour of downtown Heidelberg,
Germany, involving some 4-5 hours in all to complete. The hike is designed to allow
Girl Scouts to Explore New Worlds in a most enjoyable way.

2. The hike can easily be completed in one day. It was established in the spring
of 1978 as a way for troops to learn a bit more about the history of this part of
Germany (ancient, medieval, and modern), to complete requirements for a host of
badges, and to have fun. Highlights include a walk along the Neckar River, visit to
the world famous castle (Schloss), plus optional tours of museums. This booklet is
your guide in both preparing for the hike and in taking the hike itself.

3. Heidelberg is easily reached by auto, being near the Frankfurt-Stuttgart
autobahn. Heidelberg is also easily reached by train and a streetcar runs between
the main train station and the Bismarckplatz - near all points of interest.
Overnight accommodations are available at the Youth Hostel. It is suggested to
begin the Hike no later than 10 AM. Reservations need to be made well in advance.

4. From Brownies to Seniors, a great deal of experience awaits you in the world
of Heidelberg. For young girls it is ideal to bring dry bread to feed the ducks and
swans along the river.

                         How to Earn the Patch

1. Prior to arrival in Heidelberg, learn about the history of Heidelberg. An
excellent source of reference material is the library, as well as from your local

2. The hike is completed by walking the four-mile path through the city and by
visiting or stopping at the nine points of interest shown in this booklet. There is
no requirement to take any of the tours at the Schloss or the two museums,
although you will find them interesting. Also, a visit to the Student Prison
(Karzer), Point 7, is optional.

3. Make up and present your own skit in the "Daisy Theater," an imaginary
theater named after Juliette Low. The theme for the skits can be from one of
three settings: The Student Prince, the writings of Mark Twain (he wrote about
Heidelberg in his book A Tramp Abroad), or contemporary Girl Scout life. Your
skit can be staged on the grounds of the Castle, the Youth Hostel, or at your Girl
Scout meeting place, depending on the circumstances. It can be as elaborate as
you care to make it.

4. Tear off the application on the back of this booklet, fill it out and mail it with
the correct amount, using a check or money order. Patches cost $2.50 each.
Check with the Heidelberg Neighborhood Chairperson to determine if return
postage is necessary.

                         ONCE UPON A TIME...

      That is the proper start for a tour of Heidelberg: Romance, wicked enemies,
and student princes have all left their mark on this town. Heidelberg would
probably still be an unimportant town had it been located somewhere else. Because
the Neckar River runs through Heidelberg to join the mighty Rhine River at
Mannheim, transportation of goods, people, and new ideas to Heidelberg was easy.
The hills surrounding the town were also attractive to the early Heidelbergers
because of their belief that the town would be easier to defend from enemies.
That was not true, as they learned in 1622, 1633, 1689, 1707, and 1945.

       Although Stone Age, Bronze Age, Celts, and the Romans all preferred to
settle on the northern bank of the Neckar River, the medieval Germans founded
Heidelberg on the Southern bank. Starting as a fishing village years before the
first written mention of it in 1190, Heidelberg remained obscure until Ruprecht I
made it his residence in 1353. Thereafter, Heidelberg grew in importance because
of the founding of the University and the political power plays of its rulers.

       Everyone thinks that kings should live in castles, but the Heidelberg Castle,
with one exception, had Elector-Princes, or Kurfuersts, because Heidelberg was
the capital of the Palatinate. The Palatinate was the Rhine-Neckar area and its
ruler had a vote in the election of the German Emperor. The Palatinate today is
restricted to the left bank of the Rhine.

       The church (only Catholic in those days) and the Elector-Princes shared the
 riches and the power not only in Heidelberg but also all over what we now know as
 Germany. Monasteries were scattered throughout the area, the University was a
 religious school and the Church was rich in lands and buildings. The Church and
 the rulers got along until Martin Luther broke with the Catholic Church in 1520.
 Although this event did not happen in Heidelberg, it still had a big impact on the
 town's history. Luther himself visited Heidelberg and held a debate here. The
 Kurfuersts changed religions (from Catholicism to Calvinism to Lutheranism),
 depending on the political situation, as did the churches and University as well as
 the people of the Palatinate. The same thing was happening in nearly every
 country in Europe and eventually the Protestant countries were fighting the
 Catholic ones. The worst of these wars was the Thirty Years War, which ruined

 Germany. In Heidelberg, only 500 inhabitants out of 5,000 were left thirty years

      By 1685, however, the Palatinate had largely recovered from the war but
 unfortunately the ruling Elector-Prince died and the French King, Louis XIV,
 claimed the region through marriage. The French army (these were the wicked
 enemies mentioned in the first paragraph) first occupied Heidelberg, emptied the
 Castle of property and people, and then blew it up. Four years later they were
 back again and finished off the town.

      Heidelberg was rebuilt in another style but on the same old medieval
foundations and the Castle was made livable again. To keep everyone happy, both
Catholics and Protestants divided the Holy Ghost Church in half to permit use.

        A century later, the ruling Kurfuerst, Carl Phillip, who was Catholic, tore
down the partition so that only Catholics could use the church. The people went
wild. Most Heidelbergers were Protestants, so the partition went up again. Carl
Phillip threatened to move his court to Mannheim if the townspeople did not let
him have his way; they did not, so he moved to Mannheim with a loss of political
prestige to Heidelberg. The town gracefully and thankfully retired as a "world
power" to enjoy peace. During the 1800's because of its charm, Heidelberg
became a center of the "Romantic" movement, which idealized the medieval area.
Heidelberg with its crumbling Castle made it a center for this movement.

     The Heidelbergers no longer repel invaders. Every summer the town is
swamped with tourists from around the world whom the natives welcome.


            I lost my heart in Heidelberg to you, dear,
                  Beneath the blue summer skies,
         I lived again and all the world seemed new dear,
              I saw the love light shining in your eyes.
             We were so happy hand in hand together,
                And now I know whatever I may do,
          The road I tread can only lead me back, dear,
                   To Heidelberg again and you.

           Ich hab' mein hertz in Heidelberg verloren,
                  in einer lauen Sommernacht,
             Ich war verliebt bis ueber beide Ohren,
            Und wie ein Roeslein hat ihr Mund gelacht.
          Und als wir Abschied nahmen vor'den Toren,
          Beim letzten Kuss, da hab' ich's klar erkannt,
            Das Ich mein herz in Heidelberg verloren,
             Mein herz, es schlagt am Neckerstrand.

(Here's a literal translation, for Scouts who are learning German.)

                  I lost my heart in Heidelberg
                     On a balmy summer night
                   I was in love over both ears
             And her mouth laughed like a little rose
        And as we took our farewell before the city gates
                With the last kiss I saw clearly
              That I'd lost my heart in Heidelberg
              My heart beats on the Neckar bank.

              Starting the Heidelberg Historical Hike

1. Arrival in Heidelberg:
   A. Arrival by car: The Bismarckplatz is clearly marked on city maps. There is an
underground parking lot (Darmstaedter Hof #1), on the Hauptstrasse side of the
   B. Arrival by train: From the Bahnhof, take Streetcar #1 to Bismarckplatz,
which is in downtown Heidelberg. Bismarckplatz was named after Otto Von

2. From Bismarckplatz: As you get off the streetcar, face Galeria Kaufhof
Department Store
    a. McDonald's is about one block down the street on the right side (rest
rooms). Also notice that Kaufhof has a large glass elevator on the outside. The
top floor houses a coffee shop; it’s ideal for a morning break and has a good view.
    b. To your left is the Hauptstrasse. As you complete the Hike, you will come to
Bismarckplatz from the Hauptstrasse where you can return to your car or catch
streetcar #1 back to the train station.
    c. Looking behind you is a statue of Otto Von Bismarck for who this square is
named and a small park. You could have a picnic and/or host your Daisy skit there.
Otto became Chancellor of Prussia in 1862; he was ruthless but also brilliant and
prudent. He is credited with unifying factions in Prussia and the Austrian
Hungarian Empire into modern Germany.

3. Now that you are oriented in the Bismarckplatz, it is time to begin your hike.
Cross the street towards the Hauptstrasse. Turn left and follow the sidewalk to
the bridge over the Neckar River. Be careful of the crossing signs as you cross
the street to get onto the bridge (it’s a short light). On the bridge, stop midway
to get a good view of your hike trail. On the left is the riverbank and the
Heiligenberg or Holy Mountain, straight ahead is the Old Bridge, and on the hill to
your right is the world famous Castle where you might have lunch and another
location where you can present your skit in the "Daisy Theatre." To your right is
the Bismarckplatz, the terminal point of the Hike. Simple? Keep going across the
bridge to the other side. From there you can walk to the old bridge along the
banks on the lower level or on the upper sidewalk level. Look out for bikes on the

                      The Nine Points of Interest

1. The Marstall: Using the map on the inside of the front cover you will notice
that the Marstall is three quarters of the way between the Old Bridge and the
Theodor Heuss Bridge. From the vantage point of the bridge you may only see the
tops of the two turrets because of tall trees. As you walk further along the
riverbank, more of the structure will come into view. This large medieval building
was originally built in 1510 as a weapons storehouse. The present name came later
when it became part of the Royal Stables. Today, it is the University students'
dining hall. The building to its left is called the Hay barn and is used now for
lectures, although in the past it was the storehouse for goods (mostly grain) that
were used to pay taxes (there was not much money in circulation then). If you
decide to walk by the river, take the ramp that slopes upward to the sidewalk, just
after you pass the Marstall for the best view of the old bridge.

2. Old Bridge: Stay on the sidewalk for the bridge is still used by cars. In 1788,
Carl Theodor, the Kurfuerst, replaced the old roofed wooden bridge, which was
destroyed by ice with this red stone beauty. The bridge is decorated with two
sculpture groups: The Goddess of Wisdom (Pallas Athene) and Karl Theodore. The
four rivers, which crossed his lands, surround Karl: The Rhine, Neckar, Danube, and
Moselle. The bridge gate is left over from the 13th century city fortifications.
Facing the front of the gate, the right-hand tower has three dark dungeons and
the left tower has one for the criminals. The center of the gate; however, has two
nice sunny cells where people who owed money were confined. Drawbridges at one
time guarded both ends of the Old Bridge. The center of the bridge is a
reproduction. The original was replaced after W.W.II because the Germans blew
it up to keep Patton from crossing the river. The bridge is sometimes used for
Girl Scout bridging ceremonies. On the end of the bridge closest to the
Hauptstrasse, there is a bronze baboon. If you look closely you will see a ring on
his left hind foot. This is a good photo spot. The inscription on the left side of
the monkey literally means: don’t laugh at me because you might see something as
funny by really looking at human kind or just looking in a mirror. This explains why
the monkey holds the circular brass mirror.

From the Old Bridge walk into the town along Steingasse to the Holy Ghost
Church, Marktplatz, and City Hall. The square is used on Wednesdays and

Saturdays as a market place, even though its past was grim. It was the place of
public executions.

There is another McDonald's located on the Marktplatz.

3. The Holy Ghost Church: Founded by Emperor Ruprecht in 1400. He was the
only Kurfuerst of Heidelberg to become German King or Emperor. This gothic
church was the burial place of the royal families, but the only couple here now is
Ruprecht and his wife. The French took the rest of the coffins as loot. The
church remains the largest gothic house of worship in the Palatinate.

4. Hotel Ritter: Built in 1592, it was the only house in town to survive the burning
of Heidelberg in 1693 and was the home of a wealthy merchant. It survived the
fire only because the owner paid the French to not burn it. The knight’s bust that
crowns the building is responsible for the Hotel’s name. Ritter means knight in

5. The Kornmarkt: Reached by walking east on the Hauptstrasse, passing the
Rathaus (City Hall) on your left next to the square. From here you have another
fine view of the Castle. Carl Phillip put the Madonna in the center of the square in
order to remind the townspeople which religion was best. The Holy Ghost church
was located in this square from 1300-1557 AD. You can see the white stones that
outline where the church’s walls used to be located. From Kornmarktplatz look up
the hill towards parking lot 12, also known as Hotel am Schloss.

       To reach the Castle, you have a choice of walking up the path on the left
side of the parking garage (watch for the black and white signs) or riding the
Bergbahn (located in parking lot 12). The Bergbahn costs (one way) DM 2.50 for
children, DM 3.50 for adult, or (both ways) DM 4.00 for children 6-14, DM 6.00
for adults. It runs every ten minutes in the summer. We recommend riding the
Bergbahn up and walking down.

6. The Castle: As you walk into the Castle grounds (after stopping to catch your
breath, of course), you will see a gate or archway on the left, standing by itself in
the garden. Frederick V had it put up in one night in 1613 as a birthday present
for his 18-year-old wife, Princess Elizabeth Stuart of England. To the right of the
bridge to the castle there is a Kasse. Here you must pay to enter the castle. The
cost is DM 2 per child and DM 4 per adult

       When you cross the bridge to enter the castle, be sure to inspect the moat.
To the left is a perfect "cave" for a dragon and on the right is a small house where
the dragon-keeper could reside. Unfortunately, there does not seem to be any
record of dragons living in Heidelberg. However, the tower gate has an iron ring
and as the story goes, if you can bite through the ring, the castle will be yours. A
witch bit the missing small chunk of iron out. But then again it could be only a
story. The missing piece could have been made from weathering or a crack. Stop on
the bridge and look up on the wall above the entrance. There you can make out the
outline of where the coat of arms used to be. It was made of solid silver. It was
stolen in one of the sackings of Heidelberg Castle.

       Stop at the Kasse on the right as you enter the courtyard if you wish to
purchase tickets for a tour of the castle (optional). Be sure to indicate that you
want the English tour and determine the departure time. While waiting for the
tour, or otherwise, you can go to see the Fass (large barrel) that used to hold wine
or beer and possibly visit the Apotheke museum. Also, while waiting for the tour,
the terrace provides a scenic view of the town below, as well as a choice spot for
your skit and photos.

      The castle tour is optional, but well worth the fee and the time.

      After your tour inside the castle, be sure to walk around the castle, as well
as the gardens, where the opening ceremony for the Hike took place on 8 April
1978. A guidebook is suggested. The gardens were once elaborately planted with
flowerbeds in formal designs. You might also want to know that the gardens were
once one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

       To return downtown, use the stairs across from the Gasthof hotel and near
some souvenir shops. As you walk down, you might wonder why the castle was built
so low on the hill; one would think that it would be better to have the Castle on the
top. This Castle was started out as a fortress where the villagers could go in times
of troubles. The upper fortress was higher up the mountain (where the Molkenkur
restaurant now is) for some two hundred years until destroyed by lightning in
1537. Follow your path back through the Kornmarkt to the Hauptstrasse.

7. The Karzer (Student Prison): As you proceed west along the Hauptstrasse,
look for the Augustinergasse (student Karzer is written on the wall of the Mr.
Whang restaurant) on the left. At #2, on the right as you turn off the
Hauptstrasse, ring for the caretaker and he will let you into the Student Prison,
where the rowdy students were once confined. This is an optional point of
interest, but one which children enjoy. Note, the Karzer is closed on Sundays and
German holidays.

8. Old and New University: When you leave the Karzer, turn right and you will be
in front of the New University. This building was built in 1930-32 with money
donated by Americans. The Old University is the first building to your right, with
the clock tower on top, as you face the Hauptstrasse. This is not the entire
University of Heidelberg, the various schools being scattered all over the town.
For example, the School of Medicine is located on the other side of the Neckar on
a brand new campus.

      As noted earlier, Heidelberg is known for being the hub of Romanticism and
for the operetta The Student Prince. It is suggested that you read "What
Happened in Heidelberg" by Mr. Harry B. Davis for a concise account of
Romanticism. The Student Prince is an American operetta by Sigmund Romberg,
who in 1924 wrote this famous musical. The basic material for this musical was
Wilhelm Meyer-Foesters' story "Karl Heinrich" and the play "Alt Heidelberg." The
musical is staged in the Castle in English every August.

      Heidelberg students used to fight duels so that they could display their
scars proudly. A straight scar on your face meant that you did not flinch when
struck by a sword. If you had a crooked scar, you lost face.

      Continue down the Hauptstrasse to #97.

9. The Kurpfaelzisches Museum: A visit is optional with each troop. However, in
this lovely Baroque palace you will find prehistoric and Roman things, old
documents, paintings, a famous carved wooden altar by Riemenschneider, and the
plaster cast of the Heidelberger Man's jawbone. This jawbone (the real one is in a
vault) dates from 500,000 years ago. The Golden Duck Restaurant is located
inside the courtyard. Museum hours: Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday
from 11-6; Wednesday 11-8 and Friday 11-10. Closed Mondays.

      Continue to proceed down the Hauptstrasse to Bismarckplatz to complete
the hike.


      Outlined below are some suggestions of the badges, which Girl Scouts might
complete as a result of their participation in the Hike.

                                  Brownie Try Its

         Try Its                                 Activity                  Page
Girl Sports                   1. Stretching Action                          28

Travel Right                  1. Be Prepared                                  80
                              2. Busy Kits
                              3. Scenery Scavenger Hunt
                              4. Travel Journal
                              6. Pack It Up

                               Junior Badges and Signs

          Badge                                  Activity                  Page
Fun and Fit                   5. S-T-R-E-T-C-H                              78
                              6. Get Moving

Finding Your Way              3. How Long and How Far                         98
                              4. Walk the Distance
                              10. Bus and Train Maps

Hiker                         1. Safety First                                 102
                              3. Know your First Aid

                          Cadette/Senior Interest Project Patches

            Badge                    SB          Tec.        SP          CE
Digging up the Past, 56               1
Museum Discovery, 130                 1
Once Upon a Story                     5                      1

                           Additional Information

1.   The current Chairperson for the Heidelberg Historic Hike is:
                                 Marian McDonald
                      Heidelberg Overseas Committee Chair

2. Normally, visiting troops should not plan on being met at the Bahnhof, or being
sponsored, however, if there are extenuating circumstances please notify the
chairperson well in advance of your trip so arrangements can be made.

The Girl Scout Hut at MTV, which is adjacent to Campbell Barracks, which has a
50-girl capacity, is available on a reservation basis and is free of charge. If you
plan to use the Scout Hut, you will need to inform the chairperson at least one
month in advance. Please provide her with an alternate date at that time.

3. If you have made reservations for the Scout Hut and they have been
confirmed, please contact the chairperson at least one week prior to your arrival.
She needs to know the time of your arrival so that she can make arrangements to
meet you at the Scout Hut with the keys and your HEIDELBERG HISTORIC HIKE

4. Heidelberg Youth Hostel – Deutsches Jugend Herbergswerk
Located at:
Tiergartenstrasse 5
69120 Heidelberg
Phone: 06221-412066    POC is Frau Gertrud Merkel (Speaks English)

      To use this Youth Hostel you need a valid youth hostel passport. These can
be acquired at the Hostel. Direct connection from Heidelberg main train station
and from downtown: Bus line 10 or 11 (11 is better). It is approximately a 15-
minute drive. Operating hours: 0700-0900 and 1300-2330.
Fee:         Bed and breakfast, Adults:       Euro 18.35
                                Youths:       Euro 15.78
Location: of the Youth Hostel is by the zoo, pool, and golf course.

http://www.djh.de/index.htm is the link to the Youth Hostel Web page. Once you
get the Youth Hostel page, click on the British flag for the English version.

5. Medical treatment: Medical Treatment is available at the Heidelberg Army
Hospital/ HMEDDAC, located at Nachrichten Kaserne, which is approximately 4-5
blocks south of Campbell Barracks on Romerstrasse. For further information from
Heidelberg Civilian phones, call 06221-17-2891/2757/2790. For ambulance from
Heidelberg Civilian, call 06221-17-2891

6. Food: A food court is located in the back of Campbell Barracks. Patton
Barracks has a small snack bar. The PX Shopping Center also has a food court.
There are many economy eating-places. To get on base, children 10 and over need a
Military ID Card or their U.S. Passport. Yes… adults also need their ID Cards or
Passports to visit the shopping center, the hospital compound or Patrick Henry
Village. To get to the Shopping Center you will need to take the #2 Strass. Bus
#29 will take you to Campbell Barracks/ MTV Scout Hut (both run from

7. Weather: Bring a raincoat. Heidelberg stays so lovely because it rains so
often. Don’t think just because it looks nice in the morning that it will be nice in
the afternoon. Don’t let this unduly alarm you just be prepared.

8. Guide Books: In order to complete requirement #1 for earning the patch and
to make your trip to Heidelberg more worthwhile, it is suggested that you acquire
a guide book prior to, or during the trip here (either through purchase or library

9. Castle Illumination: A castle illumination and extensive fireworks display is
conducted several times a year, usually the first Saturday in June, July, and
August. These displays date back as far as the 17th Century when Elector
Frederick V staged an elaborate fireworks display to entertain his bride, Princess
Elizabeth of England.

10. Be sure to check with the Tourist Information Booths located at the main
train station and near the Castle and the kiosks located throughout the town for
ongoing activities. You can also check the local Army Community website at
http://www.heidelberg.army.mil or the civilian website at
http://www.heidelberg.de. On the city’s web site you can get English by clicking on
the British Flag.

                        Application for Patches

1. On behalf of troop and                             Neighborhood,   it   is
requested that           patches of the Heidelberg Historic Hike be mailed as
outlined below:
    a.   Date of completing the Hike:

   b.    Number of Hikers:
   Girl Scouts
   Others        _____          (Boy Scouts, younger siblings, etc.)

                  Just a reminder that patches are $2.50

   c.   Total patches desired                           HEIDELBERG HIKERS
   Patches to be mailed to:

2. This is also to certify that all the requirements for the Hike have been
completed to satisfaction.

3. Enclosed please find our check/money order, in the amount of $          to
cover the cost of patches. Make the check payable to the GSUSAHD. Any
suggestions or comments relating to the Hike are welcome and should be attached.

              Overseas Committee Chair Heidelberg Neighborhood

             Telephone: Telephone: Marian McDonald, 06224-173696

                                Mail this form to:
                              Heidelberg Girl Scouts
                               CMR 420 Box 2959
                                 APO, AE 09102


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