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Internet Fundamentals

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					Internet Fundamentals
Learning to Use the World Wide Web
            The Internet Teacher
Internet Fundamentals
 Introduction
  – The World Wide Web
  – The Internet
 Using   a Web Browser
  – Netscape Navigator
 Finding Information on the Web
     (Using Effective Search Strategies)
  – Directories
  – Search Engines
World Wide Web (WWW)
   An Introduction
– a vast collection of information
  that’s connected like a web
– accessible through the Internet using
 connections called hyperlinks
– view the WWW resources through a
  program called a Web Browser, such as:

  Netscape  Navigator
   Internet Explorer
  World Wide Web
     (WWW)
–Navigate through the WWW by
 pointing to and clicking on
  hyperlinks (underlined or boldfaced
 words, phrases, icons, or images)
–Also called Cyberspace or the
 Information Superhighway
     Often confused…...
        URL or Email Address?
 URL - Uniform Resource Locator        or
  Web Address
 Example:
 http://www.weather.com
 Used  by Browsers to locate sites
 Often confused with Email addresses
  johndoe@netscape.net
Entering a URL
    http://netscape.com




   Location Box
 Enter URL’s here
 (or Web Address)
http://netscape.com

       MDCC Faculty Training - 10/5/99   6
        Sample URL’s
      (or Internet Addresses)
Internet Address or URL Global Domains

http://www.angelfire.com   commercial site
http://www.msstate.edu     educational inst.
http://www.intop.net       network organiz.
http://www.navy.mil        military
http://www.____.org        not for profit org.
http://www.____.gov        gov. agency,dept.
            Web Pages
 Web  Pages - documents on the WWW
 Written and constructed using HTML
 HTML - Hyper Text Markup Language
  – a special language    <html>
    or code used to       <head>
                          <title>MBJ ONLINE</title>
     design and publish   <base
                          href="http://www.msbusiness.co
     documents on the     m/">
     Web                  </head>
   The Internet
 An  information system
 Communication tool
 A large network of computer systems
  world wide
        can   be explored by using a Web Browser
 Services       available through the Internet:
        Email (Discussion groups,Chat Rooms, etc.)
        Information search (including research)

        Education (Online courses; virtual colleges)

        Entertainment, News, and more…...
Internet Fundamentals
Using a
Web Browser

Netscape Navigator
        or
 Internet Explorer
      Web Browsers
 Softwareprograms used to
    access the World Wide Web
                            Netscape
                            Navigator
 Two most popular
    web browsers:
             Internet Explorer
    Microsoft

    Netscape Navigator

 Similar   with slight differences
Internet Fundamentals
        Using a Web Browser
 Starting and stopping the Browser
 The Web Browser’s window
 Getting around a “page” and the WWW
 Saving, printing, and mailing items from
  the WWW
 Bookmarks - Keeping
     track of favorite sites
 Setting preferences
     and options
Internet Fundamentals
Finding Information
    on the Web
            using

        Directories
      Search   Engines
(Effective Search Strategies)
Internet Fundamentals
          Searching the Web
 Guessing    Domain Names such as:
     ibm.com or weather.com
     maps.com or abcnews.com
 Performing  Keyword Searches
       Using Search Engines
  – Single keyword search (such as tennis)
  – More exact search results (using 2 or more
    words, or even a phrase such as women’s
    tennis)
                                       continued...
  Internet Fundamentals
           Searching the Web
 Complex    Search
  – contains several words, but uses operators such
    as AND, OR, NOT, and “phrases in quotation
    marks”
 Examples:
  – stock AND quotes
  – “stock quotes”
  – orange NOT county
  – Web OR Internet
 Be   Patient and Persistent!
  Internet Fundamentals
                 Search Engines
 What   is a Search Engine ?
     program  that connects you
      to a data base or Web address
     used to perform a thorough search

 Some   Popular Search Engines
     Alta   Vista, Excite, Hotbot, Lycos, InforSeek, etc.
 Random  Browsing (takes too much time)
 Mark Favorite Sites (bookmark the sites)
 Use several Search Engines for a thorough
  search
Internet Fundamentals
Some Favorite Search Engines
 Alta Vista
 (http://www.altavista.digital.com)
     Characteristic:      returns links to first 10 web
         sites it finds that match your keyword(s)
         and up to 19 additional pages of sites
 Exite      (http://www.excite.com)
     will   return a page with links to the first
         10 sites it found that match you keyword(s)
 Hotbot        (http://www.hotbot.com)
 Internet Fundamentals
 Search Engines, continued
 Advice: Make bookmarks for Search Engine Sites
Search Engine     Web Address (or URL)
Alta Vista      http://www.altavista.digital.com
Excite          http://www.excite.com
HotBot          http://www.hotbot.com
InfoSeek        http://www.infoseek.com
Lycos           http://www.lycos.com
WebCrawler      http://www.webcrawler.com
Internet Fundamentals
     Search Engine or Directory?
          What’s the difference?

 Search  Engine - allows you to collect
  and then browse information from more
  sources (Excite, AltaVista, InfoSeek, etc.)
 Directory - generally doesn’t include
  every single web page or resource.
  Organizes resources of web pages by
  categories. (Yahoo!)
  Internet Fundamentals
      Some Favorite Directories

Directory Name     Web Address (URL)

 Yahoo! (favorite) http://www.yahoo.com
 Magellan          http://www.mckinley.com
 Point             http://www.pointcom.com
 Internet Fundamentals
           Built-In Search Pages
Netscape and   Internet Explorer
 have 2 built-in search pages
  – Netscape or Explorer Icon (upper right)
  – Search Button (or Icon) on Tool Bar (at top)
Easiest  way to
     perform a search                   N
     (for beginners especially)
Internet Fundamentals
        Meta-Search tools
  Multi-Search   Engines
   – Searches 5 or 6 engines at once
   – prefer this type of search engine
     (personally)
  Recommended       Multi-Search Engines
   MetaCrawler http://www.metacrawler.com
   Ask Jeeves http://www.askjeeves.com
   DogPile     http://www.dogpile.com
Internet Fundamentals
  Finding People & Businesses
 Looking   for Email Addresses
        for home or business
 Looking
 addresses or phone numbers
 Sites specializing in Email Addresses:
     Four11
     http://www.four11.com WhoWhere
     http://www.whowhere.com
Internet Fundamentals
     Using a Web Browser

      Start your Web Browser
  Double-click on your Browser icon
          on your Desktop.

				
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