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					Context for Objectives in FRPA

        Dave McBeth, RPF
       Land Use Specialist
    MFR, Operations Division HQ
  FRPA Goals

1. Reduce the transactional and operational costs to industry.
2. Reduce the current Code’s administrative complexity.
3. Provide industry “freedom to manage” in delivery of defined
4. Maintain the current Code’s high environmental standards.
5. Continue to balance social, environmental and economic
6. Maintain and enhance the level of public acceptance of forest
   and range management.
7. Be within the resource capacity of government.
8. Strengthen the compliance and enforcement regime.
9. Enhance industry’s global competitiveness by improving its ability to
   exercise government granted timber-harvesting rights on a timely,
   economic and environmentally sound basis.
10.Maintain and sustainably enhance the province’s timber supply.
FRPA Construct

                  Objectives help
                   drive and determine
                   FSP content
                   ~results or
                   strategies~ but are
                   not FSP content
                  FSP results and
                   strategies are
                   required to be
                   achieved or carried
Authority for legal objectives
FRPA s.1
 "objectives set by government" (OSBG) means
(a) objectives prescribed under section 149 (1), or
(b) objectives established under section 93.4 of the
    Land Act by the minister responsible for the
    administration of the Land Act

   FRPA Government Actions Regulation (GAR)
    objectives (FRPA s.150…)

   FRPA s.181 grandparented objectives (from FPC)
Authority for legal objectives

 Land Act s.93.4 ~ Land Use Objectives Regulation:
       may deal with many forest and range matters
       may conflict with, (over-ride) FRPA objectives

 FRPA ~ Government Actions Regulation
       deals with specific matters, e.g. lakeshore mgmt zones,
        visual quality, community watersheds, wildife habitat areas,
        ungulate winter range, fisheries sensitive watersheds.

       cannot over-ride OSBG, and must follow TS impact policy

 Both statutes have approval “tests” for establishment of
Hierarchy of Objectives

 Land Use Objectives
                         May “conflict” with

  Objectives set in
Regulation (eg. FPPR)

                               Must be consistent
 Enabled in Regulation           with
 FSP Approval Test

 FSP approval test includes that results or strategies
  must be consistent to the extent practicable with
  each and all legal objectives that pertain to the area
How many legal objectives are
 As of Aug/06, RLUP/LRMPs: 16, mostly FPC - HLPs

 As of Oct/06, SRMPs: 69, mostly biodiversity

 One provincial old growth order (2004)

 FPPR: 10; soils, water, riparian, timber, biodiversity, wildlife,
   community watershed, cultural heritage resources (others:
   range, woodlots)

 GAR: VQOs, LMZs, community watershed, WHA, UWR, FSW

 Grandparented objectives __?
Land Use Planning Picture

                       85% crown land
                          base covered by
                         26 regional,
                         195 SRMPs
                         Others…LRUPs,
                         Only some plan
                          areas have legal
Approved SLUPs as factors

FPPR schedule 1-5.
 Information in government approved Land
  Use Plans may be used as “factors” for
  preparing results or strategies for land use
Example FRPA objectives

FPPR s.5
The objective set by government for soils is, without
  unduly reducing the supply of timber from British
  Columbia's forests, to conserve the productivity
  and the hydrologic function of soils.

FPPR s.9.1
 “The objective set by government for wildlife and
  biodiversity at the stand level is, without unduly
  reducing the supply of timber from British Columbia's
  forests, to retain wildlife trees. “
Example FRPA objective

FPPR s.10
 The objective set by government for cultural heritage
  resources is to conserve, or, if necessary, protect
  cultural heritage resources that are
 (a) the focus of a traditional use by an aboriginal
  people that is of continuing importance to that people,
 (b) not regulated under the Heritage Conservation

 It should normally be implicit in objectives as
  to the “Why” they exist or otherwise identify
  their purpose.
FRPA defines what a result and strategy are

  "result" means a description of
   (a) measurable or verifiable outcomes in respect of
   a particular established objective
   (b) the situations or circumstances that determine
   where in a forest development unit the outcomes will
   be applied;

  “strategy” means a description of
  (a) measurable or verifiable steps or practices
   that will be carried out in respect of a particular
   established objective, and
  (b) similar to above
Example FRPA “result or strategy”
(practice reqm’t FPPR s.66,67)
 (1) If an agreement holder completes harvesting in one or more
  cutblocks during any 12 month period beginning on April 1 of
  any calendar year, the holder must ensure that, at the end of
  that 12 month period, the total area covered by wildlife tree
  retention areas that relate to the cutblocks is a minimum of
  7% of the total area of the cutblocks
 (2) An agreement holder who harvests timber in a cutblock must
  ensure that, at the completion of harvesting, the total amount of
  wildlife tree retention areas that relates to the cutblock is a
  minimum of 3.5% of the cutblock.
 (3) For the purposes of subsection (1) and (2), a wildlife tree
  retention area may relate to more than one cutblock if all of the
  cutblocks that relate to the wildlife tree retention area collectively
  meet the applicable requirements of this section.
 An agreement holder must not harvest timber from a wildlife tree
  retention area unless the trees on the net area to be reforested
  of the cutblock to which the wildlife tree retention area relates
  have developed attributes that are consistent with a mature
  seral condition

 The Who, What, Where, When should be in
 the FSP result or strategy to meet the
 definition of a result or strategy.
FPPR s.25.1 (2)
   If an established objective is comprised of
    measurable or verifiable steps, processes or
   …and the FSP restates that objective as a result or

      Then that R/S is to be considered to be
       consistent with the objective (i.e. meet the
       approval test)

 Therefore “descriptive” objectives may be used
  as a licensee’s result or strategy
 More strategic objectives work like “hooks” leaving it
    to licensee’s and their professionals to determine
    results or strategies
   A compelling “trail” that leads to the place of best
    information that supports the strategic objective will
    assist in the development of good R/S’s
   Higher risk issues may need more detailed objectives
    or “measures”
   More specific objectives leave licensees and MFR
    DDM’s less flexibility
   More detailed “SMART” objectives can work in FRPA
    but bypass at least some of the FRPA model
What does the FRPA model “expect”
from legal objectives?

   To be set where and when needed based on “risk”
   To provide clear strategic direction
   To give due consideration to FRPA goals
   To ensure high level of stewardship “liability” is in hands of
    tenure holder and their professionals
   To add value (responsible governance)
   To enable future more specific actions
   To allow for new improved information to enter the picture
   To be supported by strong and compelling information
   Allow for good results or strategies to be written
 http://www.resultsbasedcode.ca/

 “Without clear, higher level goals and objectives,
  professionals often have to substitute their own
  opinions for value judgements that should be more
  properly established by public process.” (ABCFP

 RBC must: “avoid specifying methods and rules
  except in the case of poor performers, where
  government should have wide flexibility to specify
  activities” (COFI, 2002)
 …“it is essential that we have in place the necessary
  objectives at the landscape level and that they be
  clear, measurable and reflective of public choices.”
  (FPB 2002)

 “We will not tell companies how to do their job; we
  will tell them what we expect them to achieve.
  Residents of this province and people around the
  world expect us to protect environmental values, and
  we will meet that expectation.” (Ministers MIchael
  deJong (MOFR), Joyce Murray (WLAP) 2002)
“Perhaps the greatest challenge presented by the FRPA
  is its reliance on:
 the willingness of major tenure holders to assume
  many of the stewardship responsibilities traditionally
  shouldered by government officials; and
 the ability of the resource management professions
  commonly relied upon by tenure holders to gain and
  maintain the confidence not only of tenure holders,
  but also of the public and the government ” (Roberta
  Reader, 2006)

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