Big-Bazar by vikassinghshrestha1

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Under the supervision of :
Big Bazaar, Ranchi

                                               Submitted By:
                                               Shiv Mohan Singh
                                               SMS, Varanasi

     In partial fulfillment of the requirement of POST GRADUATE

                         Session :2008-10

     School of Management Sciences


  I hereby declare that the information presented here is
true to the best of my knowledge. Also, the report has not
              been published any where else.

                                    SHIV MOHAN SINGH


      PGDM is the one of the most reputed professional coures in the
field of Retail Management.It include theory as well as its practical
application.Summer Training is an integral part of PGDM-retail
programme, for sucessful completion of this programme require two
months summer training in retail organisation.
So after completion of second semester each student at School of
Management Sciences,Varanasi need to under go two months training
in an organisation.

        This training serves the purposes of acquainting the student with
environment of an organisation in which student have to work hard in
future .Only theoretical knowledge is not enough but its practical
application is also required to be learned.

I was fortunate enough to have an opportunity of doing summer training
at BIGBAZAAR,RANCHI. Every trainee was required to prepare a
report of his working in the organisation. I was assigned a project on

In this report,all the important findings of the project are included ,over
and above an overall profile of the company(PANTALOON) is also
given.It is hoped that this report will make the readers familiar with the
store and also give the idea about the product and services offered by
the company.



  The project of this magnitude would not have been completed singly.
Firstly I want to give my hearty thanks to all mighty who made the world
                               and me also.

There are many other people without whom the completion of the project
   would not have been possible. Some have contributed towards this
             directly while other have provided indirectly.

                 It gives me immense pleasure to thank

    Mr.Swapline Dutta.(Store Manager) and Mr. Sobhan Banerjee
(HR) for providing me summer training in his reputed organization and
 giving me a chance to have the experience of actual retail operations.

                             I am indebted to

    Mr.Bishnath jha (Department Manager)of BIG BAZAAR for his
        guidance and cooperation in completing this project.

Last but not the least I would like to convey my heartiest gratitude to all
   Members of BIG BAZAAR who helped a lot during my summer

                                                SHIV MOHAN SINGH



S.NO.     Contents                            Page no

   1       COMPANY PROFILE                    9-25

   2       Group vision, mission and values   26-27

   3       Organization Structure             28-29

   4       Management style                   30

   5       Strategy                           30

   6       Department and Products            31-32

   7       Introduction                       33-40

   8       Research Objective                 41-42

   9       Research methodology               43

   10      Analysis and Interpretation        44-61

   11      Findings                           62-63

   12      Recommendations                    64-65

   13      Limitations                        66-67

   14      Bibliography                       68-69

   15      Annexure                           70-72

   16      Location                           73-74

   17      Competitors                        75


Company profile

Pantaloon Retail (India) Limited, is India‟s leading retailer that operates multiple retail formats
in both the value and lifestyle segment of the Indian consumer market. Headquartered in
Mumbai (Bombay), the company operates over 10 million square feet of retail space, has over
1000 stores across 61 cities in India and employs over 30,000 people.

The company‟s leading formats include Pantaloons, a chain of fashion outlets, Big Bazaar, a
uniquely Indian hypermarket chain, Food Bazaar, a supermarket chain, blends the look, touch
and feel of Indian bazaars with aspects of modern retail like choice, convenience and quality
and Central, a chain of seamless destination malls. Some of its other formats include, Depot,
Shoe Factory, Brand Factory, Blue Sky, Fashion Station, aLL, Top 10, mBazaar and Star and
Sitara. The company also operates an online portal, A subsidiary company,
Home Solutions Retail (India) Limited, operates Home Town, a large-format home solutions
store, Collection i, selling home furniture products and E-Zone focused on catering to the
consumer electronics segment.

Pantaloon Retail was recently awarded the International Retailer of the Year 2007 by the US-
based National Retail Federation (NRF) and the Emerging Market Retailer of the Year 2007 at
the World Retail Congress held in Barcelona.

Pantaloon Retail is the flagship company of Future Group, a business group catering to the
entire Indian consumption space. Pantaloon is not just an organization - it is an institution, a
centre of learning & development. We believe that knowledge is the only weapon at our
disposal and our quest for it is focused, systematic and unwavering.

At Pantaloon, we take pride in challenging conventions and thinking out of the box, in travelling
on the road less traveled. Our corporate doctrine „Rewrite Rules, Retain Values‟ is derived from
this spirit.

Over the years, the company has accelerated growth through its ability to lead change. A
number of its pioneering concepts have now emerged as industry standards. For instance, the
company integrated backwards into garment manufacturing even as it expanded its retail
presence at the front end, well before any other Indian retail company attempted this. It was the
first to introduce the concept of the retail departmental store for the entire family through
Pantaloons in 1997. The company was the first to launch a hypermarket in India with Big
Bazaar, a large discount store that it commissioned in Kolkata in October 2001. And the
company introduced the country to the Food Bazaar, a unique 'bazaar' within a hypermarket,
which was launched in July 2002 in Mumbai. Embracing our leadership value, the company
launched aLL in July 2005 in Mumbai, making us the first retailer in India to open a fashion
store for plus size men and women.

Today we are the fastest growing retail company in India. The number of stores is going to
increase many folds year on year along with the new formats coming up. The way we work is
distinctly "Pantaloon". Our courage to dream and to turn our dreams into reality – that change
people‟s lives, is our biggest advantage. Pantaloon is an invitation to join a place where there
are no boundaries to what you can achieve. It means never having to stop asking questions; it
means never having to stop raising the bar. It is an opportunity to take risks, and it is this
passion that makes our dreams a reality.Come enter a world where we promise you good days
and bad days, but never a dull moment!

Future Group

Future Group is one of the country‟s leading business groups present in retail, asset
management, consumer finance, insurance, retail media, retail spaces and logistics. The group‟s
flagship company, Pantaloon Retail (India) Limited operates over 10 million square feet of retail
space, has over 1,000 stores and employs over 30,000 people. Future Group is present in 61
cities and 65 rural locations in India. Some of its leading retail formats include, Pantaloons, Big
Bazaar, Central, Food Bazaar, Home Town, eZone, Depot, Future Money and online retail

Future Group companies includes, Future Capital Holdings, Future Generali India Indus League
Clothing and Galaxy Entertainment that manages Sports Bar, Brew Bar and Bowling Co. Future
Capital Holdings, the group‟s financial arm, focuses on asset management and consumer credit.
It manages assets worth over $1 billion that are being invested in developing retail real estate and
consumer-related brands and hotels.

The group‟s joint venture partners include Italian insurance major, Generali, French retailer
ETAM group, US-based stationary products retailer, Staples Inc and UK-based Lee Cooper and
India-based Talwalkar‟s, Blue Foods and Liberty Shoes.Future Group‟s vision is to, “deliver
Everything, Everywhere, Every time to Every Indian Consumer in the most profitable manner.”
The group considers „Indian-ness‟ as a core value and its corporate credo is- Rewrite rules,
Retain values.

 Mr. Kishore Biyani

Managing Director (FUTURE GROUP)

 Major Milestones

1987    Company incorporated as Manz Wear Private Limited. Launch of
        Pantaloons trouser, India’s first formal trouser brand.
1991   Launch of BARE, the Indian jeans brand.
1992    Initial public offer (IPO) was made in the month of May.
1994   The Pantaloon Shoppe – exclusive menswear store in franchisee format
       launched across the nation. The company starts the distribution of
       branded garments through multi-brand retail outlets across the nation.
1995    John Miller – Formal shirt brand launched.
1997   Pantaloons – India’s family store launched in Kolkata.
2001    Big Bazaar, ‘Is se sasta aur accha kahi nahin’ - India’s first hypermarket
        chain launched.
2002   Food Bazaar, the supermarket chain is launched.
2004    Central – ‘Shop, Eat, Celebrate In The Heart Of Our City’ - India’s first
        seamless mall is launched in Bangalore.
2005   Fashion Station - the popular fashion chain is launched

       aLL – ‘a little larger’ - exclusive stores for plus-size individuals is launched

2006    Future Capital Holdings, the company’s financial arm launches real estate
        funds Kshitij and Horizon and private equity fund Indivision. Plans forays
        into insurance and consumer credit.

        Multiple retail formats including Collection i, Furniture Bazaar, Shoe
        Factory, EZone, Depot and are launched across the

        Group enters into joint venture agreements with ETAM Group and

                                      Our culture

At Pantaloon, Empowerment is what you acquire and Freedom at Work is what you get. We
believe our most valuable assets are our People. Young in spirit, adventurous in action, with an
average age of 27 years, our skilled & qualified professionals work in an environment where
change is the only constant.

Powered by the desire to create path-breaking practices and held together by values, work in this
people intensive industry is driven by softer issues. In our world, making a difference to
Customers‟ lives is a Passion and performance is the key that makes it possible. Out of the Box
thinking has become a way of life at Pantaloon and living with the change, a habit.

Leadership is a value that is followed by one and all at Pantaloon. Leadership is the quality that
motivates us to never stop learning, stretching to reach the next challenge, knowing that we will
be rewarded along the way. In the quest of creating an Indian model of retailing, Pantaloon has
taken initiatives to launch many retail formats that have come headed for serve as a benchmark
in the industry. Believing in leadership has given us the optimism to change and be successful at
it. We do not predict the future, but create it.

At Pantaloon you will get an opportunity to handle multiple responsibilities, and therein, the
grooming to play a larger role in the future. Work is a unique mix of preserving our core Indian
values and yet providing customers with a service, on par with international standards.

At Pantaloon you will work with some of the brightest people from different spheres of industry.
We believe it‟s a place where you can live your dreams and pursue a career that reflects your
skills and passions.

New discoveries in retail
In the financial year 2006-07, the company‟s retail businesses discovered new categories across
formats, new sets of consumers and fresher and contemporary merchandise. We have been able
to offer more in the established businesses and gain favourable acceptance with new concepts. In
addition, concerted expansion plans saw retail space increase to over 5.2 million square feet at
the end of 2006-07. This expansion mode was characterized by a twopronged approach. By
dominating the cities the company was already present in and by bringing the benefits of modern
retail to towns and cities like Mangalore, Palakkad, Surat, Indore, Kanpur, Haldia, Agra,
Coimbatore, Jaipur and Panipat. The company has also undertaken significant private label
initiatives in food, in general merchandise and in the consumer durables and electronics

categories. Strategic alliances have also been forged with established domestic and international
brands. However, the most significant development was the internal realignment the company
undertook within each of its retail businesses. To embark on a more detailed approach towards
value creation and increasing efficiency, the company reviewed its business operations and
adopted a more focused approach by creating an integrated support unit or Line of Business.
       Augmenting the retail front-end team, Line of Business (LoB) units have been
created in the three most critical businesses – food, fashion and general    merchandise. Formed
during the second half of 2006-07 these business units focus on introducing optimum operational
efficiencies. Thus, these units ensure that back - end measures are appropriately taken care of
and the right kind of merchandise reaches the stores in the best possible time, at the right price.
These teams focus on product consolidation and suitability, margin improvement, and vendor
rationalization, thereby ensuring that the sourcing benefits are made available to the front - end
team.The company‟s efforts over the next couple of years would entail a combination of
expansion and process upgradation and implementation.
The emphasis will be on the next discoveries to be made in the retail space that will lead to
expansion. At the same time, there will be an increased focus on micro detailing aspects
including process, product and operational efficiencies thereby contributing positively to the
company‟s bottom-line.

discovering fresh fashion

It was the first Pantaloons store in Kolkata that set off a chain of discoveries that have led us to
where we are today. Ten years later, we have launched our largest Pantaloons store in
Kankurgachi in Kolkata. Spread across 85,000 square feet, the store is the first among a series of
large format stores that will be launched across the nation. After consolidating its Fresh Fashion
positioning, Pantaloons embarked on a major expansion during the year 2006-07. In 8 cities,11
Pantaloons stores were opened with 7 of them opening in the single month of March 2007. The
total count of Pantaloons stores as on 30th June 2007 stood at 31 with the total area under retail
close to 1 million square feet. In order to maintain the top of the mind association with fashion in
India, Pantaloons continued to be the title sponsor for the Femina Miss India 2007 pageant. In
addition, Bipasha Basu and Zayed Khan were roped in as brand ambassadors in the month of
August 2006. The success of this initiative was evident in the increased sales for the „Haldi
Gulal‟ range as well as the „Svayam Utsav‟ summer collection that were endorsed by Bipasha
and Zayed. The private label apparel share during the year was in excess of 70 percent. The year
also witnessed categories like Winter-wear and Ethnic Ladies-wear strengthening their presence
in the stores. The increasing success of the store brand is evident from the fact that the store‟s
loyalty programme, Green Card, added 200,000 new members.

Pantaloons will see a significant expansion during the coming year with an increase of nearly
0.50 million square feet of retail space and an addition of about 15 stores. Pantaloons will look at
dominating cities where it has a first entrant advantage and will scale up sizeably with larger
stores, additional categories and retail formats. The year 2007-08 will witness considerable focus
in the North and East regions. Delhi and the NCR area along with Punjab, Chandigarh and
Ludhiana will see the next stage of expansion. Cities like Ranchi, Guwahati and Siliguri in the
East will also discover Fresh Fashion.

discovering more value

In 2006-2007, more Indians discovered the value of shopping in Big Bazaar. And with the
launch of each store, we discovered more value in terms of operational efficiency. Big Baazaar
launched 27 new stores in 22 cities, covering over 1.40 million square feet. As of June 2007,
there were 56 Big Bazaar stores across 43 cities. While Big Bazaar continued to expand in the
large cities, it also tapped consumption potential in smaller cities like Agra, Allahabad,
Coimbatore, Surat, Panipat, Palakkad, Kanpur and olhapur.
The year under review also witnessed realigning of business teams with shared
experience in category management, sourcing, front-end operations and business planning. In
addition, separate teams have been formed to look into all aspects of new store launches and to
manage mature stores. This provides more flexibility and focus in expansion plans.

The increase in SKUs in existing categories and the introduction of new categories encouraged
the opening of larger stores or Super Centres, measuring 100,000 square feet or more. There are
now 5 Big Bazaar Super Centres. Considering this scale of expansion, technology plays a
significant facilitating role. The introduction of SAP in 2005-06 and its roll out during the year,
positively impacted the business.

Big Bazaar has initiated the process of Auto Replenishments Systems, thus improving
operational efficiencies and productivity. The company has also rationalized nearly 250 vendors
through better vendor management in terms of potential to expand, and for inclusion and
upgradation to the online B2B platform. The company plans to open over 60 stores across India
in FY 2008, and the opening of the 100th Big Bazaar store will mark the fastestever expansion
by a hypermarket format.

discovering the new consumer

Based on the company‟s in-house consumer data and research, and in cognizance with
observations on customer movements and the shopping convenience factor, Food Bazaar has
initiated certain refurbishments and layout design across all stores. The intention is to
continuously change with the times and demands of the evolving Indian consumer.
Food Bazaar also witnessed healthy expansion during the year 2006-07, making its presence felt
in nearly 26 cities and adding 40 stores during the year under review. The total count of Food
Bazaars as on 30th June 2007 stood at 86 stores. The year under review witnessed the company‟s
private label programme gaining significant traction. The brands have been very competitive vis-

à-vis the established brands in quality and price terms, and have in fact scored better than
national or international players in certain categories.
The share of private labels as a percentage of total Food Bazaar revenues has increased
significantly and comprise nearly 50 merchandise categories.
While Fresh & Pure brand entered categories like cheese slices, frozen peas, honey, packaged
drinking water and packaged tea, the Tasty Treat brand received a very favorable response in
new categories like namkeens and wafers. In the home care category, Caremate launched
aluminum foil and baby diapers while Cleanmate launched detergent bars and scrubbers.
       A new format „BB Wholesale Club‟ was launched and 4 such stores have been opened so
far. To be managed by Food Bazaar from the ensuing financial year, this format sells only multi-
packs and bulk packs of a select range of fast moving categories and caters to price sensitive
customers and smaller retailers.
The company has also forged tie-ups with established companies like ITC, Adanis, DCM Group,
USAID and other farm groups in Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh to source directly from them.
These alliances are expected to drive efficiencies as well as bring better products to consumers.
By the end of FY 07-08, the total number of Food Bazaar stores is expected to be 200.

Future ideas
Discovering new opportunities

Future Ideas is the Innovation, Design & Incubation cell within Pantaloon Retail that stems from
the core proposition - „Protecting and preserving the soul of a small business or enterprise within
a large organisation.‟ Future Ideas deals with the whole aspect of idea creation, scenario planning

activities, alternate approaches to an issue, providing varied outcomes and solutions to a problem
and handholding the activity till its success parameters are satisfied.
A unique initiative in corporate India, Future Ideas rests on a tripod that can
be classified as Innovation driven, Design Management approach and an Incubation chamber,
each with its own uniqueness, yet with common objectives. The Design Management team looks
at each observation made by the Innovation team, and brainstorms by using a collaborative and
holistic approach. The resultant ideas are then nurtured within the Incubation cell. The
Incubation team comprises of business teams, mentored by the Innovation and Design teams.
They are people who are released from their original businesses or concepts and made part of the
entire ideation process at Future Ideas. They remain at Future Ideas till project completion stage
when the success parameters for running the business are met.
Future Ideas draws inspiration for most of its activities and projects, keeping in mind the new
genre of aspirational Indians. At any point of time Future Ideas would work on about 20 varied
projects within the Future Group.
Some of the formats that are now being incubated by this team include Top10, Depot, Star &
Sitara and Talwalkars‟ Fit & Active. The team is also working on ideas around small format no-
frills stores, rural retailing, fashion for the masses and on projects involving women and self-help

Discovering new segments

Depot, in many cities, is the first modern retailer in books and music and the

response has been overwhelming. The core differentiators of Depot are its young, colorful and
vibrant stores, strong regional range, affordability and a private label publishing program - Depot
Exclusives. In its first year of operation, Depot has launched 6 stand-alone stores and 50 cut-ins.
Along with its expansion in major cities, Depot debuted in smaller towns like Rajkot, Vadodara,
Haldia, Thrissur, Palakkad and Tiruvanantharam.
The Depot Exclusives (released solely inDepot) catalogue expanded rapidly with over 100 titles
across genres like children‟s books, cookery, regional literature etc. Reputed authors/ imprints
like Nita Mehta and Sanjeev Kapoor in cookery, Disney in children‟s books etc., have been
associated with the company. Depot has also tied-up with the UK based publisher of
children‟s books, Small World, to co-publish a series of toddlers‟ interactive books. In FY 2007-
08, the total Depot footprint should cross over 100 stores.
The Health, Beauty & Wellness business opened 35 new outlets in the beauty products, services
and holistic health care formats Multiple formats operate in this segment, including Tulsi, the
pharmacy chain and Star & Sitara, the beauty products cut-ins and Star & Sitara Salons. The
largest format, Beauty Free offers unique combination of products, services and holistic health
To capture the increasing consumption spend on wellness and preventive health care, the joint
venture between Pantaloon Retail (I) Limited and Talwalkar Better Value Fitness opened its first
„Talwalkars Fit & Active‟ health centre at Orchid City Centre, Mumbai in April 2007. Spread
over 5,200 square feet, it is the country‟s first health centre to offer health, fitness and gym
services within a modern retail and consumption environment.
The venture is also looking at innovative value added offerings in the fitness space as well as
developing a Spa model for the Fit & Active brand across the country, by increasing its presence
to nearly 50 such centers in the near future.

Human Resources
Discovering talent diversity
The company strongly believes that its sustainable competitive advantage lies in the values that it
cherishes, the culture that it imbibes and spirit of enterprise that resides within the organization.
Talent management therefore continues to be the core focus for the company. Considering the

multiple businesses and rapid expansion expected across the business, the company saw merit in
taking a fresh guard to the way in which business would run in order to meet the next leg of
During the year 2006-07, the company conducted an extensive review of in-house talent
management, which involved mapping every managerial position in the organization for their
skill sets, competence and attitudinal aspects as well as taking an inventory check of the existing
talent base and addressing their development needs. Development Centres were created with in-
house assessors, which further aided in identifying potential resources and helped chalk out post
assessment development plans.
Continuing with its policy of strategic alliances, the company is collaborating on joint degree
programs with 15 management schools, design institutes and institutes of higher learning in areas
like food business, supply chain management, design experience management etc. This „Seekho‟
programme for external and internal candidates has ensured a steady stream of mid level, well
trained retail professionals every year.
The company‟s „Gurukool‟ programme provides the front-end employees an opportunity to
imbibe the company‟s values and a sense of ownership to the company. The company has also
created an Employee Growth Trust Fund that was launched during the last financial year for the
senior management.

Equal Opportunity
The company believes that in order to build a sustainable business environment, the composition
of its talent base needs to reflect the diversity that exists in our country and among its customers.
Therefore the company ensures that the proportional representation of different communities in
the Indian population is mirrored in its employee profile. The majority of employees in the
company come from socially and economically marginalized sections of the society. Close to
46% of the employees in the organization are women and the average age within the
organization is 27 years.
The effectiveness of its talent management initiatives is reflected in the fact that the annual rate
of attrition is 8.12%, much below industry levels. The company plans to strengthen its employee
platform to about 30,000 people by FY 08, from nearly 18,000 people as on FY 07.

Human Resource Initiatives
Pantaloon Retail believes that one of its sustainable competitive advantages will continue to be
the people who are part of the organization. Being in service industry, the Company places a lot
of focus is placed on attracting, training, incentivising and retaining talent. The vision is "To
provide an environment that creates happy people who have a meaningful life and add value to
business and society." With over 18000 employees at an average age of 27 years, the Company
prides itself on being a young and energetic organization, driven through the 'The Pantaloon
People Management System'. This is
built on 5 pillars of people based growth, namely - Culture Building, Performance Management
through Balanced Scorecard, People Processes, Management Processes and Leadership
Brilliance. Training A competent Learning & Development Team is responsible for training
employees at all the levels across the countr y, focusing on primary and secondary research into
various aspects of retail and assessment of training needs across Knowledge, Skills & Attitude
areas. The emphasis is on creating product and process knowledge through well defined
programs like Praarambh and Parikrama. For the critical front line staff, the Company's
unique outbound residential training program Gurukool focuses on integrating the mind, body
and soul and brings about measurable attitudinal and behavioral changes.

The program has covered nearly 4,500 employees. The SMILE initiative for training of new
Store Manager's has been created and disseminated to over 100 store managers by this team

 Future Group Manifesto
 “Future” – the word which signifies optimism, growth, achievement, strength, beauty, rewards
 and perfection. Future encourages us to explore areas yet unexplored, write rules yet unwritten;
 create new opportunities and new successes. To strive for a glorious future brings to us our
 strength, our ability to learn, unlearn and re-learn, our ability to evolve.

 We, in Future Group, will not wait for the Future to unfold itself but create future scenarios in
 the consumer space and facilitate consumption because consumption is development. Thereby,
 we will effect socio-economic development for our customers, employees, shareholders,
 associates and partners.

Our customers will not just get what they need, but also get them where, how and when they

  We will not just post satisfactory results, we will write success stories.

  We will not just operate efficiently in the Indian economy, we will evolve it.

  We will not just spot trends, we will set trends by marrying our understanding of the Indian
  consumer to their needs of tomorrow.

  It is this understanding that has helped us succeed. And it is this that will help us succeed in the
  Future. We shall keep relearning. And in this process, do just one thing.

               Rewrite Rules. Retain Values.

Group Vision
    Future Group shall deliver Everything, Everywhere, Every time for Every Indian
       Consumer in the most profitable manner.

Group Mission

   •   We share the vision and belief that our customers and stakeholders shall be served only
       by creating and executing future scenarios in the consumption space leading to economic
   •   We will be the trendsetters in evolving delivery formats, creating retail realty, making
       consumption affordable for all customer segments – for classes and for masses.
   •   We shall infuse Indian brands with confidence and renewed ambition.
   •   We shall be efficient, cost- conscious and committed to quality in whatever we do. We
       shall ensure that our positive attitude, sincerity, humility and united determination shall
       be the driving force to make us successful.

Core Values

Confidence in ourselves.
To be a leader, both in thought and business.
Respect & Humility:
To respect every individual and be humble in our conduct.
Leading to purposeful thinking.

To be open and receptive to new ideas, knowledge and information.
Valuing and Nurturing Relationships:
To build long term relationships.
Simplicity & Positivity:
Simplicity and positivity in our thought, business and action.
To be flexible and adaptable, to meet challenges.
To respect and understand the universal laws of nature.









The organization structure for Big bazaar is flat in nature. For Big bazaar, the divisions are
apparel, non apparel and the new business division, which includes gold, footwear and the shop-
in-shops. For Food Bazaar, a separate teem has been created which again works independently.

About 1,800 people work for Big bazaar directly. Support and ancillary services comprise
another 400 people. A new trainee is put through a basic three day training program before going
on the shop floor. Evaluation is done every six months.

Saving is key to the Indian middle class consumer. The store, which would be created, had to
offer value to the consumer. Keeping this in mind, the concept of Big bazaar was created.
In India, when a customer needs some thing for the home, a typical thought is to seek it from the
bazaar. A bazaar is a place where a complete range of products is always available to the
consumer. This is true across India. As the store would offer a large mix of products at a
discounted price, the name Big bazaar was finalized. The idea was to re-create a complete
bazaar, with a large product offering (at times modified to suit local needs) and to offer a good
depth and width in terms of range. The mind to market for the first store was just six months.

Price was the basic value proposition at Big bazaar. The Big bazaar outlets sold a variety of
products at prices, which were 5 to 60 percent lower than the market price. The line
“Isse sasta aur achha kahin nahin” emphaised this.

Line of Business        Sub Department         Under the Brand
BB-Fashion              BF-Children’s          BIG BAZAAR
                        BF-Kids Acc            BIG BAZAAR
                        BF-Ladies              BIG BAZAAR
                        BF-Ladies Acc          BIG BAZAAR
                        BF-Men’s               BIG BAZAAR
                        BF-Men’s Acc           BIG BAZAAR
BB-GM-Fashion           Fashion Accessories    BIG BAZAAR
                        Footwear               BIG BAZAAR
                        GF-Luggage             BIG BAZAAR
                        GF-New Business        BIG BAZAAR
                        GF-Sport Goods         BIG BAZAAR
                        GF-Toys                BIG BAZAAR
BB-GM-Home ware         GH-Home décor          BIG BAZAAR
                        crockery               BIG BAZAAR
                        GH-Household Plastic   BIG BAZAAR
                        GH-Household utensil   BIG BAZAAR
Beauty & health         SS-Personal Grooming   BIG BAZAAR
Mobile(communication)   CM-Accessories         ONE MOBILE
                        CM-Carriers            ONE MOBILE
                        CM-Hardware            ONE MOBILE
cure &care              CC-Non Prescription    SIS
                        CC-Prescription        SIS
Depot                   DP-Book                DEPOT
                        DP-Multimedia          DEPOT
                        DP-Stationery          DEPOT
Electronics             EE-Cd&e Accessories    HOME BAZAAR
                        EE-Computer &Acces     HOME BAZAAR
                        EE-Consumer Durable    HOME BAZAAR
                        EE-Electronics         HOME BAZAAR
                        EE-Personal Electro    HOME BAZAAR
Food Bazaar             FB-Chef Zone           FOOD BAZAAR
                        FB-Chill Station       FOOD BAZAAR
                        FB-Fabricleen          FOOD BAZAAR

                   FB-Fruits & Vegetable   SIS
                   FB-Golden Harvest       FOOD BAZAAR
                   FB-Head to toe          FOOD BAZAAR
                   FB-Hungry kya           FOOD BAZAAR
                   FB-Spic N Span          FOOD BAZAAR
Furniture          FR-Furniture            HOME BAZAAR
Home Fashion       Home Fashion            HOME BAZAAR
Home Improvement   HI-Carpentry            HOME BAZAAR
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A retailer or retail store is any business enterprise whose sales volume comes primarily from

retailing. Retail organizations exhibit great variety and new forms keep emerging. There are

store retailers, non store retailers, and retail organizations. Consumers today can shop for goods

and services in a wide variety of stores. The best-known type of retailer is the department store.

Japanese department stores such as Takashimaya and Mitsukoshi attract millions of shoppers

each year. These stores feature art galleries, cooking classes, and children‟s playgrounds.

       A retailer is at the end of the distributive channel. He provides goods and service to the

ultimate consumers. This he does through his small organization, with the help of a few

personnel. In an individual retail store there is not much scope for organization except in the

sense that the shopkeeper has to organize apportions his time and resources. The need for

organization becomes essential as soon as he hires people o enters into partnership or takes the

help of members of his family in running his store. A retailer deals in an assortment of goods to

cater to the needs of consumers. His objective is to make maximum profit out of his enterprise.

With that end

       in view he has to pursue a policy to achieve his objective. This policy is called retailing

mix. A retailing mix is the package of goods and services that store offers to the customers for

sale. It is the combination of all efforts planned by the retailer and embodies the adjustment of

the retail store to the market environment. Retailing mix, a communication mix and a distribution

mix. The maximum satisfaction to the customers is achieved by a proper blend of all three.

       The success of the retail stores, therefore, depends on customers‟ reaction to the retailing

mix which influences the profits of the store, its volume of turnover, its share of the market, its

image and status and finally its survival.

Retailing is the set of business activities that adds value to the products and services sold to the

consumer for their personal or family use.

a "retailer" buys goods or products in large quantities from manufacturers or importers, either

directly or through a wholesaler, and then sells smaller quantities to the end-user. Retail

establishments are often called shops or stores. Retailers are at the end of the supply chain.

Manufacturing marketers see the process of retailing as a necessary part of their overall

distribution strategy. The term "retailer" is also applied where a service provider services the

needs of a large number of individuals, such as a public utility, like electric power.

  •   Retailing is an important institution in our society,

  •   Retailing provides considerable value to consumers while giving people opportunities for
      rewarding and challenging careers.

  •   Retail formats and companies are now major factors in the industry.

  •   The key to successful retailing is offering the right product, at the right price, in the right
      place, at the right time, and making a profit.

  •   Retailers must understand what customers want and what competitors are offering now
      and in the future.

The World of Organized Retailing

  •   Retailers are using sophisticated communications and information systems to manage

      their business. The use of new technologies helps retailers reduce their operations costs,

      while better serving their customers.

  •   To compete against non-store retailers, stores are now becoming more than just places to

      buy products.    They are offering entertaining and educational experiences for their


  •   In this dynamic environment, entrepreneurs are launching new companies and concepts

      and becoming industry leaders, while traditional firms have had to rethink their


  •   Retail managers today must make complex decisions on selecting target markets and

      retail locations, determining what merchandise and services to offer, negotiating with

      supplier and distributing merchandise to stores, training and motivating sales associates,

      and deciding how to price, promote and present merchandise.


The retail mix is the combination of factors retail used to satisfied customer needs and influences

their purchase decision. Its include the type of merchandise and services offered, merchandise

pricing, advertising, promotional programs store design merchandise display, assistance to

customer provided by salespeople, and convenience of the store‟s location.

              Retail mix is the term used to describe the various elements and methods required

       to formulate and execute retail marketing strategy.

              Retail managers must determine the optimum mix of retailing activities and co-

       ordinate the elements of the mix.

              The aim of such coordination is for each store to have a distinct retail image in

       consumers‟ mind.

              The mix may vary greatly according to the type of the retailer is in, and the type

       of product/services.

While many elements may make up a firm‟s retail mix, the essential elements may include:

              Store location,

              merchandise assortments

              Store ambience,

              customer service,

              price,

              Communication with customer

            Personal selling

            Store image

            Store design

            Sales incentives

            People

            Process

            Physical evidence

Composition of retail mix

            Place

            Product

            Price

            Promotion

            People

            Process
            Physical Environment

Key element

  1)Place (store location)               2)Product (merchandise)

            Target market                     Product development

            Channel structure                 Product management

            Channel management                Product features and benefits

             Retailer image                   Branding

             Retail logistics                 Packaging

             Retail distribution

   3)Price                               4)Promotion

         Costs                                Developing promotional mixes

         Profitability                         Advertising management

         Value for money                      Sales promotion

         Competitiveness                      Sales management

         Incentives                           Public relations

         Quality                              Direct marketing

         Status

         After-sales services

5)People element                         6)Process element

         Staff capability                     Order processing

         Efficiency                           Database management

         Availability                         Service delivery

         Effectiveness                        Queuing system

         Customer interaction                 Standardisation

         Internal marketing

Retail mix planning

Retail mix plan consists of:

              Setting objectives

              Systematic way of identifying a range of options.

              Formulation of plans for achieving goals

              Logical sequence of retailing activities.

Importance of Retail mix planning

              Hostile and complex retail environment

              External and internal retail organisation factors interact

               –       Maximising revenue

               –       Maximising profit

               –       Maximising return on investment

               –       Minimising costs

              Each element has conflicting needs

              All these variables interact

              All these variables result in optimum compromise.

Approaches to planning

Top down approach

              Retail management sets goals and plans for all levels of management.

Bottom up approach

              Various units prepare own goals and plans sent up for approval.

       It is the effective blending of all the elements of retail mix activities within the retail

organization that determines the success of retail management. Discuss this statement and

explain with retail examples how the elements of retail mix could be blended to ensure the

success of retail operation.




To study the effectiveness of retailing mix in the store.


   1. To identify the performance of store operations.

   2. To understand the quality of services maintained in the store.

   3. To determine the performance of sales persons in the store.

   4. To understand the availability of products in the store.

   5. To identify the effectiveness of atmospherics in the store.


• Type of research
• Type of data
Primary data
• Data collection method
Data is collected through structured questionnaire.
• Sampling
Convenient sampling
• Sample size
• Data analysis technique
• Data analysis tool
Bar charts, pie charts.



 Q1. In a month how many times you visit big bazaar?
 a)        Once                                                  7
 b)        Twice                                                23
 c)        Thrice                                                8
 d)        More than thrice                                     25

 e)        As per requirement                                   37

      30                              25
      15                      8
      10                                                     Series1

 Out of 100 respondent, 37% people visit the store when they have some requirement and 25%
are visited more than thrice, 23% visited two times in month and 7% & 8% people visited one
and three times in a month respectively. Most of them regularly visit big bazaar.

 Maximum number of people visited store frequently.

 Q2. Your shopping experience in big bazaar is always!
 a)        outstanding                                         1
 b)        Excellent                                          21
 c)        Good                                               43
 d)        Average                                            32

 e)        Bad                                                 3

      25               21
      15                                                       Series1
       5      1

Out of 100 respondent, 43% people has good shopping experience in big bazaar,32% has average
and 21% people has excellent. But 1% has outstanding shopping experience and 3% has bad
shopping experience.

Maximum numbers of people has a better experience of shopping in big

 Q3. Brands and products availability in big bazaar is !

 a)        outstanding                                                  3

 b)        Excellent                                                  28

 c)        Good                                                       44

 d)        Average                                                    22

 e)        Bad                                                          3

      15                                                          Series1
             3                                      3

Out of 100 respondents, Over all 31% customer are satisfied by the availability of brand and
products in big bazaar,66% customer product availability is average rest said it is bad.

Some people think there is no good brands and products availability in big bazaar. Especially in

 Q4. Ambience & atmosphere inside the store is !

 a)        outstanding                                                      5

 b)        Excellent                                                    27

 c)        Good                                                         41

 d)        Average                                                      21

 e)        Bad                                                              6

      45                        41
      25                                  21
      15                                                          Series1
      10     5                                      6

Out of 100 respondents, Ambience & atmosphere inside the store is good feel by 41% customers,
27% feel it is excellent and only 3% feel outstanding. But 27% customers are not satisfied by the
ambience & atmosphere inside the store of big bazaar.

Due to much noisy and unpleasant environment some of the customer irritates.
Atmosphere is really good.

 Q5. Discounts and offers served in big bazaar is !

 a)               outstanding                                              7

 b)               Excellent                                              32

 c)               Good                                                   36

 d)               Average                                                23

 e)               Bad                                                      2

      40                              36
      35                     32

      15                                                                 Series1
      10           7

          5                                                2


Out of 100 respondents, Discounts and offers served in big bazaar is good said by 36%
customers, 32% feel it is excellent and only 7% feel outstanding. But 25% customers are not
satisfied by Discounts and offers served in the big bazaar.

             Maximum Customers are satisfied by Discounts and offers served in the big bazaar.

             Discounts and offers served in the big bazaar are excellent.(Especially in Big day)

Q6. Home delivery services of big bazaar is !

a)          outstanding                                                  7

b)          Excellent                                                19

c)          Good                                                     38

d)          Average                                                  28

e)          Bad                                                          8

     25              19
     15                                                        Series1
            7                                     8

Out of 100 respondents, Maximum number of respondent i.e. 64% is satisfied by Home delivery
services of big bazaar rest 36% is not satisfied.
 Some customer never used this facility.

 Q7. Location 0f big bazaar in your city is !

 a)        outstanding                                                  29

 b)        Excellent                                                    32

 c)        Good                                                         22

 d)        Average                                                      13

 e)        Bad                                                           4

      35               32
      25                        22


Out of 100 respondents, 61% is highly satisfied with location of big bazaar in city, 22% is
satisfied and only 17% is not satisfied.

Location of big bazaar is outstanding. It is situated central business district (CBD).

 Q8. Product display and signage in the store is !

 a)        outstanding                                                       8

 b)        Excellent                                                     36

 c)        Good                                                          40

 d)        Average                                                       14

 e)        Bad                                                               2

      40               36
      20                                  14
      15                                                           Series1
       5                                             2


Product display and signage in the store is highly satisfactory according to 44% of the
respondent, satisfactory according 40% of the respondent rest 16% are not satisfied with it.

Customers are satisfied with Product display and signage in the store.

 Q9. In offer days the shopping experience in the store is!

 a)        outstanding                                               3

 b)        Excellent                                               29

 c)        Good                                                    39

 d)        Average                                                 25

 e)        Bad                                                       4

      35               29
      30                               25
      15                                                       Series1
      10                                         4

Out of 100 respondent, 39% people has good shopping experience in big bazaar, 25% has
average and 29% people has excellent. But 3% has outstanding shopping experience and 4% has
bad shopping experience.

Maximum numbers of people has a better experience of shopping in offer
Some customer do not enter in store due to heavy rush.

 Q10. How do you feel about sales persons and promoters?

 a)        Outstanding                                                  4

 b)        Excellent                                                   21

 c)        Good                                                        49

 d)        Average                                                     23

 e)        Bad                                                          3

      30                                  23
      25               21
      10     4                                      3

74% of the respondents are satisfied by the sales persons and promoters in the store rest 26%
respondents are not satisfied by the sales persons and promoters in the store.

Sales persons and promoters behave well with customer.

 Q11.The parking facility in bag bazaar is!

 a)         outstanding                                                      17

 b)         Excellent                                                        29

 c)         Good                                                             32

 d)         Average                                                          17

 e)         Bad                                                              5

      35                        32
      20     17                           17

      10                                            5

78% of the respondents are satisfied by the parking facility in bag bazaar, rest 22% respondents
are not satisfied by the parking facility in bag bazaar.

Maximum customer satisfied with the parking facility in bag bazaar.

 Q12. The quality of the product served by big bazaar is!

 a)        outstanding                                                         3

 b)        Excellent                                                       19

 c)        Good                                                            47

 d)        Average                                                         26

 e)        Bad                                                                 5

      30                                   26
      25               19
      10                                              5

21% of the respondents are highly satisfied with the quality of the products at big bazaar, rest
74% are said the quality of the products in big bazaar is averaged, only 5% said its not good.

Maximum number of people is not satisfied with quality of the product.

 Q13. The cleanliness and hygiene maintained in the store is !

 a)        outstanding                                               13

 b)        Excellent                                                 41

 c)        Good                                                      28

 d)        Average                                                   13

 e)        Bad                                                           5

      45             41
            13                          13
      15                                                       Series1
      10                                          5

According to maximum number of respondent i.e. 82% feels that cleanliness and hygiene
maintained in the store is up to the mark rest 18% feel it is not up to the mark.

Cleanliness and hygiene maintained in the store is up to the mark.

 Q14. Are you satisfied with the billing facility at the store?

 a)                 YES                                                     72

 b)                 NO                                                      28


                                                         72               NO

72% of the respondents are satisfied by the billing facility in the store, rest 28 % are not satisfied.

Some customer are not satisfied by billing facility(Especially in offer day and rush hours ).

 Q15. Is it easy to move with the trolley in the store?
 a)               YES                                                  74
 b)               NO                                                   26


                                                     74               NO

According to 74% of the respondents it is easy to move in the store with trolley only 26% said it
is not.

The space management in the store is up to mark.

 Q16. Do you feel that shopping in big bazaar has made you a
 more knowledgeable conscious and aware customer?

 a)               YES                                                 63

 b)               NO                                                  37



According to 63% of the respondents they feel that shopping in big bazaar has made more
knowledgeable conscious and aware customer, and 37% they are already knowledgeable
conscious and aware customer.

“Big bazaar has made customer a more knowledgeable conscious and aware customer”

 Q17.Do you feel that big bazaar provide you value for money?

 a)                YES                                                    85

 b)                NO                                                     15



Out of 100 respondent, 85% of the respondents feel that big bazaar provide you value for money,
15% feel not.

“discovering more value”
       The above statement is true spotted by the above data.



 Store performing well in attracting the customers.

 Big bazaar provides better shopping experience.

 Brands and products availability in big bazaar is not up to the mark. Especially in


 Noisy and unpleasant environment is irritates customer. Air conditioning is really good.

 Discounts and offers doing well in the store.

 In offer days the store management is good.

 Home delivery services are not used by customer.

 Product display and signage is good.

 Quality in products is not up to the mark.

 Location of big bazaar is outstanding. It is situated central business district (CBD)

 Parking facility in big bazaar is good.

 Cleanliness and hygiene maintained in the store is up to the mark

 “discovering more value”
                    The above statement is true spotted by the above data.



 Create awareness & manage home delivery services properly.

 There should be proper assortment of various product categories.

 Proper signage should be there so that customer can locate the products easily.

 Cleanliness and hygiene should be maintained regularly.

 Proper training should be provided to sales person so that they can deal with the customer


 Various schemes and offers can be provided to them and attract new customers (Use pull


 No. of cash counter needs to be increased keeping in view customer traffic intensity.

 Quality in products should be increased up to mark.


Limitations of the study

 1. Time limit is the major constraint.

 2. Some respondents refuse to co-operate.

 3. Some respondents replied half heartedly.

 4. Some respondents gave incomplete information.

 5. The survey was conducted in very general way as no other variable such as their

    education level, occupation and sex.




Research methodology (C.R. Kothari)

Retailing Management (Levy & weitz)



Dear sir/ Madam,
                   I Shiv Mohan Singh student of School of management sciences, Varanasi conducting a
survey on “Effectiveness of retailing mix in Big Bazaar’’
              This survey is a part of my partial fulfillment of PGDM (RM) course. Please provide relevant
information by filling this questionnaire to make my survey more comprehensive. All details from your part
will be kept confidential.

  Name:-      …………………………………………………………..

  Sex:- a) Male     b) Female
  Contact no.:- …………………………………………………………

Q1. In a month how many times you visit big bazaar ?

a) Ones                                       b) twice                     c) Thrice

d) more than thrice                             e) As per requirement

Q2. Your shopping experience in big bazaar is always!

a) Outstanding                               b) Excellent                   c) Good

d) Average                                  e) Bad

Q3. Brands and products availability in big bazaar is !

a) Outstanding                               b) Excellent                   c)Good

d) Average                                  e) Bad

Q4. Ambience & atmosphere inside the store is !

a) Outstanding                               b) Excellent                   c)Good

d) Average                                  e) Bad

Q5. Discounts and offers served in big bazaar is !

a) Outstanding                               b) Excellent                   c)Good

d) Average                                  e) Bad

Q6. Home delivery services of big bazaar is !

a) Outstanding                                b) Excellent                  c)Good
d) Average                                  e) Bad
 Q7. Location 0f big bazaar in your city is !

a) Outstanding                               b) Excellent                   c)Good

d) Average                                  e) Bad

Q8. Product display and signage in the store is !

a) Outstanding                                b) Excellent                       c)Good

d) Average                                    e) Bad

Q9. In offer days the shopping experience in the store is!

a) Outstanding                                b) Excellent                       c)Good

d) Average                                    e) Bad

Q11. How do you feel about sales persons and promoters ?

a) Outstanding                                b) Excellent                       c)Good

d) Average                                    e) Bad

Q13.The parking facility in bag bazaar is!

a) Outstanding                                b) Excellent                       c)Good

d) Average                                    e) Bad

Q14. The quality of the product served by big bazaar is !

a) Outstanding                                b) Excellent                       c)Good

d) Average                                    e) Bad

Q15. The cleanliness and hygiene maintained in the store is !

a) Outstanding                                b) Excellent                       c)Good

d) Average                                    e) Bad

Q12. Are you satisfied with the billing facility at the store ?

a) Yes                                         b) No

Q10. Is it easy to move with the trolley in the store?

a) Yes                                         b) No

Q16. Do you feel that shopping in big bazaar has made you a more knowledgeable conscious and aware customer?

a) Yes                                b) no

Q17.Do you feel that bag bazaar provide you value for money?

a)yes                                b)No


                               Thanking you for filling up this questionnaire



                Ranchi 0ffice :
      Big Bazaar, J. C. Tower, Kadru More,
          Main Road, Ranchi Jharkhand
                  Pin : 834001
            Phone : 0651–3052032

               Zonal Office :
         Pantaloon Retail (India) Limited,
  03-097,Fourth Floor,Block No - BG, Plot No.5,
Action Area - 1B, Block By Block Shopping Mall,
 P.O. - New Town, (Near Indian Oil Petrol Pump)
                 Kolkata - 700 156
           Tel: +91 033-3091 7500/51
            Fax: +91 033-3091 7502
               Regd. Office :
       Knowledge House, Shayam Nagar,
   Off. Jogeshwari-Vikhroli Link Road,
 Jogeshwari East, Mumbai 400060. India
Ph +91 22 66442200, Fax +91 22 66442201






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