Mental Illness Psychology What is Mental Health? Look at the criteria on page 91 Mentally healthy people generally observe and understand what is going on around them They judge their own reactions and capabilities realistically They are aware of their own motives and feelings and can control their behaviour They may sometimes act without thinking about consequences, but they can restrain their impulses when necessary While they may not always behave as society expects, they do so deliberately and with reason They appreciate their own worth and feel accepted by others in their lives They are capable of forming close and satisfying relationships with others and of being sensitive to others’ needs as well as their own Mental Health & Stress can negatively and positively Stress impact mental health circumstances create Difficult physical and psychological responses Hans Selye Born in Austria, 1907; studied and lived in Canada after the 1930s Exposed lab animals to various stimuli – their responses were similar and he termed it “stress” Hans Selye & GAS The G.A.S. (general adaptation syndrome) is the process under which the body confronts "stress" G. 1 – Alarm Stage: recognition of the existence of a threat; production of hormones, such as adrenaline, to prepare for fight or flight A. 2 – Adaptation & Resistance to Stress Stage: physiological changes stabilize. S. 3 – Exhaustion Stage: decrease in hormones, immune system function Eustress Negative situations create stress, however, positive stressful situations create what is called “eustress” Examples: o Competition in a sporting event o Doing something difficult that you enjoy Write down 10 things that cause you stress (negative). Causes of stress Personal relationships Job stress Catastrophic events Several minor difficulties Conflicting choices Coping P.95 Mental Health Mental Illness Mentalillness = disorderly functioning of the mind Cause by: Stress Genetics disease Categories of Mental Illness Anxiety Disorders: arising from prolonged stress. Examples: Phobias, OCD Mood Disorders: long lasting mood problems. Examples: Depression, Bipolar affective disorder Schizophrenic Disorders: distortion of reality, social withdrawal, disturbances of thought and emotions. Personality Disorders Substance-Related Disorders: harmful use of substances, such as drugs.