Created by: J. Kargakos WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE AND WHAT IT CONTAINS? Marijuana smoke contains more than 400 chemicals, some of which are the same cancer-causing substances found in tobacco smoke. 1. 1. Marijuana Plant 2. Marijuana leaves and seed 3. Hash 3. 4. Hash Oil SO WHAT’S THE BIG DEAL? Using marijuana in any of its forms poses risks to the user. You should be aware that there are : HEALTH RISKS PSYCHOLOGICAL RISKS SAFETY RISKS LEGAL RISKS Research shows us that the earlier a young person starts using marijuana, the greater the risks of developing future problematic substance use. Source: Health Canada WHAT MAKES YOU HIGH? It's called tetrahydrocannabinol or THC and it works on the brain. This means it has psychoactive effects. It affects certain parts of the brain that are linked to pain sensations, emotion and movement. SENSE OF EUPHORIA BECOME VERY RELAXED GIGGLE AND LAUGH A LOT GET THE MUNCHIES DRY MOUTH BECOME DROWSY Source: Health Canada Source: Health Canada COORDINATION AND BALANCE Marijuana lessens coordination and balance Marijuana impairs motor skills REPRODUCTION AND PREGNANCY Marijuana can lower inhibitions and impair judgment Lower inhibitions can result in unprotected sex, increased possibilities of sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies Source: Health Canada COGNITIVE EFFECTS OF MARIJUANA USE Interferes with your ability to concentrate Impairs learning Impairs some aspects of memory Can affect a person's studies and the quality of their work in school or on the job MENTAL HEALTH In people that are at high risk for schizophrenia, such as those with a family history of the disorder, marijuana use can trigger psychotic episodes. Some research has shown that frequent marijuana use is a risk factor for later depression and anxiety. PROBLEMATIC SUBSTANCE USE Regular high-amount users of marijuana may become dependent, meaning that they do not feel that they can function without marijuana. Some marijuana withdrawal symptoms such as cramping and insomnia have been observed. Source: Health Canada SAFETY RISKS Being high impairs judgment, mental and physical ability. Any activity requiring concentration, good judgment, eyesight, coordination, timing, or fast reactions, may be potentially dangerous for those who are high LEGAL RISKS Convictions for any of these offences may result in a fine and/or imprisonment. A conviction can: Ruin a person's credibility when they are trying to find a job Prevent them from entering certain professions Lead to deportation for immigrants and restrict a person's freedom to travel to other countries Why use it? choose not to use marijuana because ? Experiment Of the health risks Relax It's illegal Relieve boredom Of the psychological effects Cope with problems Of the safety risks Stimulate creativity It's a waste of money Be at ease with others It can have a bad effect on Be different school or their future career choices It's used to escape problems instead of dealing with them It may upset their friends and family SOURCE: CENTER FOR ADDICTION AND MENTAL HEALTH:OSDUS HIGHLIGHTS 2005). New Study Reveals Substance Abuse Costs Ontarians $14 Billion Tobacco use imposes the greatest cost at $6.1 billion (42.4% of the total cost of substance abuse) Alcohol accounts for $5.3 billion, or 37.2% of the cost Illegal drugs cause the relatively lowest economic burden at $2.9 billion (20.4%). Source: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health MARIJUANA IS, AND WILL REMAIN, ILLEGAL . What is the current legislation governing cannabis use and possession in Canada? The Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA) provides that a person charged with simple possession of 30 grams or less of cannabis or 1 gram or less of cannabis resin may be prosecuted summarily and provides for a maximum term of six months’ imprisonment, a maximum fine of $1,000 or both. Provisions of the CDSA apply to both adults and youth.