Organ Transplant (PowerPoint)

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					Religious views on matters of life

AIM: To understand the religious views on
organ transplants & blood transfusions.

  Complete Quiz on sheet
         Christian teachings…

                                   “Love thy
       "Do onto                    Neighbour”
    others as you                 Matthews Gospel
      would wish
    them do onto
   you." Matthews
                                       What would this
                                       mean when it
                                       comes to organ
What about fertility treatment?
• Throughout his life Jesus taught people
  to love one another and he proved his love
  for the world upon the cross.
• It seems in keeping with this that
  Christians consider organ donation as a
  genuine act of love and a way of following
  Jesus‟ example.
• Christians feel it to be a generous and
  loving thing to do!
            Jehovah‟s Witnesses…
•Jehovah's Witnesses are a          “For the life of a
branch of Christianity.             creature is in the
They do not agree with any               blood”
blood transfusions…                  Leviticus 17:11
Jehovah‟s Witnesses
believe that their life is in
their blood and they            They would agree with
therefore should not take       organ transplants as long
anyone else‟s. This has         as the blood is drained
resulted in several Jehovah     from the organ
Witnesses dying in              beforehand. These are
situations that required a      called “bloodless
life saving blood               transplants”.
• Key teaching in Buddhism = Metta (loving
• For Buddhists, any action is judged on the
  intentions behind it. If things are done for
  good then a Buddhist would agree with them.

• Can you think of any times when Buddhists
  would be against organ transplants?
1. Explain religious attitudes to
   transplant surgery. (3 marks)

2. You are a Dr trying to help a sick child.
   Her parents are Jehovah Witnesses.
   How do you handle this?
• Write out a conversation between you
   and the parents.
                             FERTILITY TREATMENT
• Christians believe that God created all life and that humans have a special
  relationship with him “Before you were I formed you in the womb, I knew you”
  (Jeremiah 1:5) – conception is part of God‟s plan.
• Christians regard children as a gift from God. The purpose of marriage is to “be
  fruitful and multiply” (have children) and to provide a stable and loving
  environment for raise a family. Some Christians believe it‟s good to help couples
  have children and so accept IVF and AIH.
• Christians do not agree with AID (Artificial Insemination by Donor), IVF (In-
  Vitro Fertilisation) or surrogacy because this introduces a third person in to the
  relationship and so can be considered being unfaithful (“Do not commit
• The Roman Catholic Church believe that life begins at conception (when the
  sperm meets the egg) and so do not agree with spare embryos being created,
  such as through IVF, as the embryos are either experimented on or thrown
  away, which could be considered murder (“Do not commit murder”).
• Buddhists are expected to take full personal responsibility for everything they
  do and for the consequences that follow.
• Allows all forms of IVF – shows Metta to those who are infertile.
• Some do not agree to spare embryos being experimented on or destroyed as life
  begins at conception and the First Precept teaches „Do not harm others‟. They
  also practise Ahimsa.
• Others believe that an embryo does not possess the five skandhas (form,
  feelings, perceptions, thoughts and consciousness), so destruction of embryos is
  not an issue.
• Destroying an embryo destroys the reincarnated foetus‟ chance of gaining more
  good karma and chance at reaching enlightenment in this life.
                        GENETIC ENGINEERING:

• Many Christians are concerned that genetic engineering might make
  irreversible changes to God‟s creation.
• Roman Catholics believe that scientists could become destroyers of
  creation through genetic engineering.
• Other Christians believe that God is the creator but that His creation
  is ongoing. They believe genetic engineering could be used in a positive
  way to make the world more just and to help everyone have good health.
• Methodists accept genetic engineering if it is used to help diseases but
  are concerned about what might happen if the wrong people use it.

• * Believe in Right Intention (Eightfold Path). If the intention is good
  e.g. to save lives with the removal of hereditary diseases from DNA,
  good karma will be received.
• Dalai Lama said „the destruction of nature is due to ignorance, greed
  and a lack of respect for the earth‟s living things‟ – changing nature for
  selfish reasons could be seen as disrespecting nature.
• Same arguments as above with regards destruction of embryos.

• It is not accepted by most.
• Anglican (Church of England) Christians don‟t oppose it as long as it is
  used responsibly, e.g. not cloning humans.
• Roman Catholics believe cloning a human would threaten individuality.
  God gave humans uniqueness.
• Some Christians are concerned that children cloned could be seen as a
  product of technology rather than a gift from God.
• They also believe that cloning a child for „spare parts‟ is unacceptable –
  sanctity of life.

• Same arguments as above.
• Metta – to help save a life, however you must consider suffering caused
• Always link back to Buddhist belief about Karma and rebirth and how
  their actions affect their ultimate goal of achieving enlightenment (to
  end rebirth and reach a „state‟ of contentment and peace).

• Most Christians support organ, blood and tissue donation. The Brethren
  Conference 1993 said “We have the opportunity to help others out of the
    love of Christ through the donation of organs and tissues.”
•   For Roman Catholics, this type of donation is supported as an act of charity.
•   Jehovah‟s Witnesses allow transplant surgery but not blood transfusions.
    Leviticus 17:10-11 says “The life of everything is in the blood” and so all
    blood must be removed from organs and tissues before being transplanted.

• There are no rules in Buddhism for or against organ donation, but central to
  Buddhism is a wish to relieve suffering (causing harm) – following Metta,
  Right Action, karma, 1st Precept – as long as it is done with the Right
  Intention – not for personal gain or greed.
• Some see this act of generosity (alms/charity) to have positive
  ramifications for their karma.
• Some Buddhists believe that consciousness may stay in the human body for
  some time after the breath has stopped and so until the consciousness
  leaves the body it is important the body remains undisturbed. They may
  have concerns that an operation to remove organs, which takes place so
  soon after death may damage their consciousness and cause harm to their
  future lives.