Galileo and EGNOS - PowerPoint

Document Sample
Galileo and EGNOS - PowerPoint Powered By Docstoc
					             European GNSS Programmes
                 Galileo and EGNOS

                   Edgar Thielmann
                   European Commission
 EUROPEAN               June 2009
COMMISSION




    EGNOS




            |   2
           EGNOS Timeline
            Regional Infrastructure & Services
Programme




                                                                       Operational Phase (Long Term Operations, Extensions, Replenishments)
EGNOS

Phases




                                               IOP Phase
             Definition Phase


            2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   2011   2012   2013   2014   2015   2016   2017   2018   2019




            IOP … Initial Operations
                                                                                                                              |      3
   EGNOS System Architecture

                                                                 3 GEO
    6 Navigation                                                 Satellites
    Land Earth
    Stations



                                                                 Users &
                                                                 Service
                                                                 Providers
    2 Support
    Facilities




    4 Mission
    Control
    Centres


                   34 Ranging & Integrity Monitoring   GPS &
                   Stations (RIMS)                     GLONASS   |      4
   EGNOS Services
    Service              Transmission        Typical User Communities        Guarantee of
                            Means                                              Service

    Open Service      L1 frequency           Pedestrian, in-car            None
                                             navigation



    Safety of Life    L1 frequency           Aviation, maritime, railway   Compliance to
    Service                                                                ICAO standards
                                                                           (certification)


    EGNOS Data        Ground network         Pedestrian, in-car            Compliance to
    Access                                   navigation, research (e.g.    SLA when
    Server                                   atmospheric, tectonics),      commercialisation
    (EDAS)                                   high-accuracy                 will start



    SLA … Service Level Agreement, EDAS … EGNOS Data Access Server                    |      5
   EGNOS Services – Current Status
    Service                         Accuracy                    Service Status            Expected
                                                                                          Lifetime
    Open Service       Typical vertical and                 SIS available,                 20 years
                       horizontal positioning               declaration of "entry
                       accuracy in the centre of            into service" planned
                       Europe around 1m                     for late 2009

                       (spec: 3m horizontal, 4m vertical)

    Safety of Life     Same accuracy as Open                Test SIS available,            20 years
    Service            Service. SoL service levels          declaration of "entry
                       compliant to ICAO SARPS              into service" planned
                       definition for APV1                  for mid-2010

    EGNOS Data         Corrections provided by              Experimental service           20 years
    Access             terrestrial network allow for        available since 2008
    Server             sub-meter accuracy locally
    (EDAS)             or regionally through
                       additional processing

    SIS … Signal in Space, SARPS … Standards and Recommended Practices, SoL … Safety of Life
                                                                                               |      6
   EGNOS Data Access Service (EDAS)
                  .
                  .
                  EGNOS data (real-time):
                       RIMS raw observations
                       SBAS messages

                                                                End users




                                             Value-added
                                           service provider




    .
    Phased approach:
        Phase 1: prototyping (2008)
         » EDAS data free-of-charge
                                                              User-specific
                                                              information




         » No guarantee/liability

    .    » 12 months duration minimum
        Phase 2: commercial exploitation (from 2009)
         » Example of applications : road transport in urban areas            |   7
   EGNOS Performance                       (January 2009)




                                                             Source: Service
                                                             Management
                                                             Report ESSP for
                                                             January 2009




    APV … Approach with vertical guidance                          |      8
   EGNOS Programme Status
    .
    .   EGNOS is already broadcasting signals of excellent quality
        2009:
         »   Assets have been transferred from ESA to the European Community in April
             2009
         »   First EGNOS operator contract as of 1st April 2009
         »   OS declaration of "entry into service" planned for late 2009
         »   EC has finalized the procurement and lease of an EGNOS transponder to
             replace ARTEMIS as of 2011



    .
         »   Procurement action ongoing for replacement of 2nd EGNOS transponder
         »   Geographical service extension is under study
        2010:
         »   SOL declaration of "entry into service" planned for mid-2010 (after
             certification milestone)
         »   EC intends to launch tests to demonstrate the added value of EGNOS for
             different market segments
         »   GSA web portal for user communities and developers of applications
             starting early 2010

                                                                             |    9
   EGNOS Extensions


                                          Eastern
                                          Europe




                                                    Middle-East
                               MEDA



    Depending on the extension area, technical implementation may vary
    from:
       • Homogeneous extension with deployment of additional RIMS
       • Regional infrastructure including additional processing
          capabilities                                               |   10
     Aviation was first to recognise EGNOS
      benefits (mostly GA and smaller airports)
.                                     EGNOS competitive space


.
    EGNOS enables a reduction in
    the decision height
    General operational benefits
      » Reduction in angle of
         approach (direct and
         curved)


      .
      » Better lateral guidance

      .
      .
          Allows for IFR-like operation in non ILS-equipped airports


      .
          Increase in airports capacity


      .
          Increase in safety


      .
          Increase in flight capability (e.g. helicopters)
          Expensive land based navaids can be avoided
          Enables their long term decommissioning => lower terminal    Long-term
          charges

                                                                          |   11
                        Initial position of identified applications


                                    LBS E112 / LBS non regulated
                          High




                                    Road eCall
                                    Road (RUC / PAYD)
Segment attractiveness




                                    Comm. Veh. Telematics
                                                                    Civil Aviation (APV)
                                                                   Farming (Precision Agriculture)
    (size, growth)




                                                           General Aviation
                          Medium




                                                Multimodal Transport (Dangerous goods)
                                                Specialist tracking (Livestock, City logistics)
                                                A-SMGCS
                                    HPP
                                    Inland Waterways (Traffic Management Surveillance)
                         Low




                                                 Rail Freight
                                    Rail Fleet Mgt

                                                  Low                              Medium             High


                                                                         EGNOS added value
                                                                                                             |   12
 EGNOS potential (with appropriate market enablers)
                                                             
                                   LBS E112 / LBS non regulated LBS E112 / LBS non regulated
                         High




                                   Road eCall                      Road eCall
                                   Road (RUC / PAYD)           Road (RUC / PAYD)
Segment attractiveness




                                   Comm. Veh. Telematics Comm. Veh. Telematics
                                                                   Civil Aviation (APV)
    (size, growth)




                                                                                                                          Civil Aviation (APV)
                                                               Farming            Farming (Precision Agriculture)
                         Medium




                                                    General Aviation  General Aviation
                                                    Multimodal Transport                                          Multimodal Transport
                                                                                                                     (Dangerous goods)
                                                    Specialist tracking                    Specialist tracking (Livestock, City logistics)
                                   A-SMGCS                                 A-SMGCS
                                   HPP                                                  HPP
                                   Inland Waterways                                  Inland Waterways (Traffic Management Surveillance)
                         Low




                                                    Rail Freight  Rail Freight
                                   Rail Fleet Mgt                          Rail Fleet Mgt

                                                  Low                              Medium                                 High

                         EGNOS ability to compete based on technical performance
                         versus other GNSS solutions e.g. GPS, GPS+Galileo, dGPS      EGNOS ability to compete
                         in the corresponding application.                                                                            |     13




    Galileo




              |   14
       Galileo Implementation
        Plan               Full Operational Capability
                               27 (+3) Galileo satellites
                                                                     2013
                                             In-Orbit Validation
                                             4 IOV satellites plus
                                                 ground segment
                                                         2010

                  Galileo System Testbed v2
                         2 initial test satellites
                                       2005

 Galileo System Testbed v1
Validation of critical algorithms
                       2003



                                                                            |   15
   Galileo – 5 Services
                                Free to air; Mass market;
         Open Service
                                   Simple positioning

                               Encrypted; High accuracy;
     Commercial Service
                                  Guaranteed service

                               Open Service + Integrity and
     Safety of Life Service
                                 Authentication of signal

      Public Regulated            Encrypted; Integrity;
          Service                Continuous availability


     Search and Rescue        Near real-time; Precise; Return
          Service                       link feasible



                                                                |   16
   Galileo Performance Standards (Dual Frequency)
    Service                        Horizontal        Vertical      Availability*   Integrity
                                   Accuracy         Accuracy
                                    (95%)             (95%)

                                   (incl. system   (incl. system
                                     margins)        margins)

    Open Service                        4m             8m           > 99.5%           NO


    Commercial                         Detailed performance requirements under elaboration
    Service

    Safety of Life                      4m             8m           > 99.5%          YES
    Service                                                                        (LPV200)

    Public Regulated                    4m             8m           > 99.5%          YES
    Service


    * Availability figures for global average
                                                                                        |      17

                 .
    Road Market : Road Tolling
                     Galileo / Egnos can bring :
                      » Better accuracy
                      » Better availability of the signal
                      » Authentication to avoid spoofing

                 .
                      » Service guarantee to operators
                     All receivers will use two or more
                     constellations for better performance :
                      » Galileo + GPS
                      » Galileo + Compass

                 .
                      » Galileo + Glonass
                     Standardization process to be achieved
                     in the interoperability Directive


                                                         |     18
      Road Transport : Dangerous Goods
                              • Proposal for an EC directive for real
                                time tracking of dangerous materials

                              • Aiming first at improving road safety
                                and civil security

                              • Should however benefit to hauliers as
                                well as it will help smoothering traffic
                                restrictions

                              • Nuclear material as primary target

                              • all other kinds of dangerous ggods
                                concerned
    Satellite navigation tracking:

    position, date and time, speed, course, respect of pre-defined
    path, excluded zones, faster emergency operations, etc.
                                                                 |   19

    .
    Road Transport : Monitoring of coaches
      New EC directive proposal based on real-
     time satellite tracking to avoid this :
        »   Monitoring of the itinerary
        »   Real time Access control
        »   Monitoring the driving conditions
        »   Real time info service


                                            + automatic
                                              eCall for
                                            emergency
                                             situations

                                                    |     20
   ADAS   (advanced driver assistance systems)


                          .
                          .
                              Safety critical application

                              Needs total reliability and very


                          .
                              high accuracy (up to 10 cm)

                              Galileo required with service


                          .
                              guarantee

                              Certification process to be
                              implemented : which agreed


                          .
                              body to do it ?

                              To be on the market around
                              2020


                                                            |   21
   PRS applications : Justice & home
    affairs, civil protection
                  • Offenders & Asylum seekers
                      Electronic devices attached to offenders
                      Alerts when allowed perimeters are broken
                      Cut prison overcrowding

                  • Emergency Services
                      Help emergency team operations
                      Provide route guidance in difficult terrains

                  • Civil protection
                      Define and apply keep-away zones
                      Identify location to drop material


                  • Police forces
                      Police fleet monitoring
                      Fight against piracy
                      Vehicule and individual traking and tracing

                                                             |       22
   Conclusions
         EGNOS will soon enter into its operational phase
          • EGNOS Open Service in 2009
          • EGNOS Safety of Life Service in 2010

         Galileo is at the handover between the
         development (IOV) and deployment (FOC) phases
           • GIOVE-A, GIOVE-B missions on-going
           • FOC procurement started in July 2008
           • 4 IOV satellites in 2010
           • Full Operational Capability in 2013

         International coordination is an important feature
           • Ensure compatibility as a minimum
           • Achieve interoperability when desired

                                                      |   23


       Thank you for your attention.





    SOURCE                             |   24

				
DOCUMENT INFO