The 2011 Import and Export Market for Gypsum and Anhydrite in Australia by ICONGroup


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									   The 2011 Import and Export
    Market for Gypsum and
     Anhydrite in Australia

                         Professor Philip M. Parker, Ph. D.
                      Chaired Professor of Management Science
                    INSEAD (Singapore & Fontainebleau, France)                                      ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.

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                                About the Author
Dr. Philip M. Parker is the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation, Business and Society at
INSEAD where he has taught courses on multivariate statistics and global competitive strategy
since 1988. He has also taught courses at MIT, Stanford University, Harvard University, UCLA,
UCSD, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of six books
on the economic convergence of nations. These books introduce the notion of “physioeconomics”
which foresees a lack of global convergence in economic behaviors due to physiological and
physiographic forces. His latest book is "Physioeconomics: The Basis for Long-Run Economic
Growth" (MIT Press 2000). He has also published numerous articles in academic journals,
including The Rand Journal of Economics, Marketing Science, the Journal of International
Business Studies, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, International Journal of
Forecasting, the European Management Journal, the European Journal of Operational
Research, Journal of Marketing, International Journal of Research in Marketing, and Journal of
Marketing Research. He is also on the editorial boards of several academic journals.

Dr. Parker received his Ph.D. in Business Economics from the Wharton School of the University
of Pennsylvania and has Masters degrees in Finance and Banking (University of Aix-Marseille)
and Managerial Economics (Wharton). His undergraduate degrees are in mathematics, biology
and economics (minor in aeronautical engineering). He has consulted and/or taught courses in
Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, North America and Europe.

                                 About this Series
This series was created for international firms who rely on foreign export markets for a
substantial portion of their business or who might be threatened by foreign trade competition.
The estimates given in this report were created using a methodology developed by and under the
direct supervision of Professor Philip M. Parker, the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation,
Business and Society, at INSEAD. The methodology, relying on historical figures of economic
growth and trade flows, estimates the market shares of some 150 countries for over 500 industrial
or product categories. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are projected for the current year of trade.

Some of the methodologies and research approaches used in this report have benefited from the
R&D Committee at INSEAD, whose research support is gratefully acknowledged. Additional
editorial assistance from Tiffany LaRochelle, ICON Group International, Inc., is also
acknowledged.                                                    ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.

                           About ICON Group Ltd.
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                                                               Contents        v

Table of Contents
1     INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY                                         6
2     AUSTRALIA AND THE WORLD MARKET                                       8
    2.1        Imports in Australia in 2011                                8
    2.2        Exports from Australia in 2011                              8
3     IMPORTS IN AUSTRALIA                                                 9
    3.1        Africa                                                      9
       3.1.1     Mali                                                      9
       3.1.2     South Africa                                              9
    3.2        Asia                                                        9
       3.2.1     Malaysia                                                  9
       3.2.2     Thailand                                                 10
    3.3        Europe                                                     11
       3.3.1     Germany                                                  11
    3.4        North America & the Caribbean                              12
       3.4.1     the United States                                        12
4     EXPORTS FROM AUSTRALIA                                              13
    4.1      Asia                                                         13
       4.1.1   Japan                                                      13
    4.2      Oceana                                                       13
       4.2.1   Fiji                                                       13
       4.2.2   New Zealand                                                13
    5.1        Disclaimers & Safe Harbor                                  14
    5.2        ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions                  15                                    ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                                        Gypsum and Anhydrite in Australia       6

On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on gypsum and anhydrite in
Australia face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying gypsum and anhydrite to
Australia? How important is Australia compared to others in terms of the entire global and
regional market? How much do the imports of gypsum and anhydrite vary from one country of
origin to another in Australia? On the supply side, Australia also exports gypsum and anhydrite.
Which countries receive the most exports from Australia? How are these exports concentrated
across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers?

This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for gypsum and anhydrite in
Australia. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be contented with a
local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which appear several years
after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to
estimate the market for gypsum and anhydrite for those countries serving Australia via exports, or
supplying from Australia via imports. It does so for the current year based on a variety of key
historical indicators and econometric models.

In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Australia fits into the world market for
imported and exported gypsum and anhydrite. The total level of imports and exports on a
worldwide basis, and those for Australia in particular, is estimated using a model which
aggregates across over 150 key country markets and projects these to the current year. From
there, each country represents a percent of the world market. This market is served from a
number of competitive countries of origin. Based on both demand- and supply-side dynamics,
market shares by country of origin are then calculated across each country market destination.
These shares lead to a volume of import and export values for each country and are aggregated to
regional and world totals. In doing so, we are able to obtain maximum likelihood estimates of
both the value of each market and the share that Australia is likely to receive this year. From
these figures, rankings are calculated to allow managers to prioritize Australia compared to other
major country markets. In this way, all the figures provided in this report are forecasts that can
be combined with internal information sources for strategic planning purposes.

After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports of gypsum and anhydrite,
Chapter 3 goes into detail on imports, but for each major country of origin serving Australia. A
“major” market is defined as a country where Australia represents a substantially large share of
either imports or exports. For each major country exporting to Australia, one can thus observe
how important Australia is to that exporting country compared to other countries of the world.
Chapter 4 does the same, but for exports of gypsum and anhydrite originating from Australia, for
each major country of destination. In doing so, one can discover the share that Australia has in
each major market; this share value is often used as a measure of competitiveness for Australia.
In all cases, the total dollar volume and percentage share values by major trading partner are
provided. Combined, Chapters 3 and 4 present a the total picture for imports and exports of                                                     ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                                          Gypsum and Anhydrite in Australia         7

gypsum and anhydrite to and from Australia to and from all other major countries in the world.
"Gypsum and Anhydrite" as a category is defined in this report following the definition given by
the United Nations Statistics Division Classification Registry using the Standard International
Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC, Rev. 3). The SITC code that defined "gypsum and
anhydrite" is 27323 . For more information on this definition, please refer to the following web
site: .

This report is updated on an annual basis. To ensure that you have the most current version,
please check the web site of ICON Group at

Important Caveat. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are forecasted for the current year of trade. More importantly, in light of the fact
that unforeseeable factors might interrupt markets in achieving their reported levels, the figures
should be seen as estimates of potential. For example, "mad cow" disease, foot-and-mouth
disease, trade embargoes, military conflicts, acts of terrorism and other events will certainly
affect the actual trade flows recorded for a variety of industry or product categories. In such
cases, the difference between the numbers given in this report and the numbers actually observed
might be interpreted as the "net loss" or "net gain" due to these exogenous events affecting
regular trade flows that would have occurred had these events not have taken place.                                                       ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                                            Gypsum and Anhydrite in Australia           8

2.1         IMPORTS IN AUSTRALIA IN 2011
                    Imported Gypsum and Anhydrite in Australia, 2011
                              (Structure of Foreign Import Competition)

Country of Origin             Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
Germany                            1                      361               42.57                 42.57
Thailand                           2                      184               21.70                 64.27
the United States                  3                      137               16.16                 80.42
Mali                               4                       83                9.79                 90.21
South Africa                       5                       77                9.08                 99.29
Malaysia                           6                        6                0.71                100.00
Total                                                     848              100.00                100.00
    Source: Philip M. PARKER, Professor, INSEAD, copyright 2011,

                    Gypsum and Anhydrite Exports from Australia, 2011
Country of Destination        Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
Japan                              1                   42,253               78.43                 78.43
New Zealand                        2                   11,619               21.57                 99.99
Fiji                               3                        4                0.01                100.00
Total                                                  53,876              100.00                100.00
    Source: Philip M. PARKER, Professor, INSEAD, copyright 2011,                                                          ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                                            Gypsum and Anhydrite in Australia           9

3.1         AFRICA
3.1.1          Mali
                      Gypsum and Anhydrite Exports from Mali, 2011
Country of Destination        Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
Australia                          1                        83             100.00                100.00
Total                                                       83             100.00                100.00
    Source: Philip M. PARKER, Professor, INSEAD, copyright 2011,

3.1.2          South Africa
                 Gypsum and Anhydrite Exports from South Africa, 2011
Country of Destination        Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
Malawi                             1                      340               67.33                 67.33
Australia                          2                       77               15.25                 82.57
Zambia                             3                       65               12.87                 95.45
Botswana                           4                       23                4.55                100.00
Total                                                     505              100.00                100.00
    Source: Philip M. PARKER, Professor, INSEAD, copyright 2011,

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