The 2011 Import and Export Market for Gravel and Crushed Stone in Thailand by ICONGroup


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									   The 2011 Import and Export
     Market for Gravel and
    Crushed Stone in Thailand

                         Professor Philip M. Parker, Ph. D.
                      Chaired Professor of Management Science
                    INSEAD (Singapore & Fontainebleau, France)                                      ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.

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this report.                                                                   ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.

                                About the Author
Dr. Philip M. Parker is the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation, Business and Society at
INSEAD where he has taught courses on multivariate statistics and global competitive strategy
since 1988. He has also taught courses at MIT, Stanford University, Harvard University, UCLA,
UCSD, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of six books
on the economic convergence of nations. These books introduce the notion of “physioeconomics”
which foresees a lack of global convergence in economic behaviors due to physiological and
physiographic forces. His latest book is "Physioeconomics: The Basis for Long-Run Economic
Growth" (MIT Press 2000). He has also published numerous articles in academic journals,
including The Rand Journal of Economics, Marketing Science, the Journal of International
Business Studies, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, International Journal of
Forecasting, the European Management Journal, the European Journal of Operational
Research, Journal of Marketing, International Journal of Research in Marketing, and Journal of
Marketing Research. He is also on the editorial boards of several academic journals.

Dr. Parker received his Ph.D. in Business Economics from the Wharton School of the University
of Pennsylvania and has Masters degrees in Finance and Banking (University of Aix-Marseille)
and Managerial Economics (Wharton). His undergraduate degrees are in mathematics, biology
and economics (minor in aeronautical engineering). He has consulted and/or taught courses in
Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, North America and Europe.

                                 About this Series
This series was created for international firms who rely on foreign export markets for a
substantial portion of their business or who might be threatened by foreign trade competition.
The estimates given in this report were created using a methodology developed by and under the
direct supervision of Professor Philip M. Parker, the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation,
Business and Society, at INSEAD. The methodology, relying on historical figures of economic
growth and trade flows, estimates the market shares of some 150 countries for over 500 industrial
or product categories. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are projected for the current year of trade.

Some of the methodologies and research approaches used in this report have benefited from the
R&D Committee at INSEAD, whose research support is gratefully acknowledged. Additional
editorial assistance from Tiffany LaRochelle, ICON Group International, Inc., is also
acknowledged.                                                    ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.

                           About ICON Group Ltd.
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                                                            Contents        v

Table of Contents
1     INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY                                      6
2     THAILAND AND THE WORLD MARKET                                     8
    2.1     Imports in Thailand in 2011                                 8
    2.2     Exports from Thailand in 2011                               8
3     IMPORTS IN THAILAND                                               9
    3.1      Asia                                                       9
       3.1.1   China                                                    9
    3.2      Europe                                                    10
       3.2.1   France                                                  10
4     EXPORTS FROM THAILAND                                            11
    4.1      Asia                                                      11
       4.1.1   Japan                                                   11
       4.1.2   Malaysia                                                12
       4.1.3   Maldives                                                12
       4.1.4   Singapore                                               13
    5.1     Disclaimers & Safe Harbor                                  14
    5.2     ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions                  15                                 ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                                     Gravel and Crushed Stone in Thailand       6

On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on gravel and crushed stone in
Thailand face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying gravel and crushed stone to
Thailand? How important is Thailand compared to others in terms of the entire global and
regional market? How much do the imports of gravel and crushed stone vary from one country of
origin to another in Thailand? On the supply side, Thailand also exports gravel and crushed
stone. Which countries receive the most exports from Thailand? How are these exports
concentrated across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which countries are the
largest buyers?

This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for gravel and crushed stone in
Thailand. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be contented with a
local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which appear several years
after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to
estimate the market for gravel and crushed stone for those countries serving Thailand via exports,
or supplying from Thailand via imports. It does so for the current year based on a variety of key
historical indicators and econometric models.

In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Thailand fits into the world market for
imported and exported gravel and crushed stone. The total level of imports and exports on a
worldwide basis, and those for Thailand in particular, is estimated using a model which
aggregates across over 150 key country markets and projects these to the current year. From
there, each country represents a percent of the world market. This market is served from a
number of competitive countries of origin. Based on both demand- and supply-side dynamics,
market shares by country of origin are then calculated across each country market destination.
These shares lead to a volume of import and export values for each country and are aggregated to
regional and world totals. In doing so, we are able to obtain maximum likelihood estimates of
both the value of each market and the share that Thailand is likely to receive this year. From
these figures, rankings are calculated to allow managers to prioritize Thailand compared to other
major country markets. In this way, all the figures provided in this report are forecasts that can
be combined with internal information sources for strategic planning purposes.

After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports of gravel and crushed
stone, Chapter 3 goes into detail on imports, but for each major country of origin serving
Thailand. A “major” market is defined as a country where Thailand represents a substantially
large share of either imports or exports. For each major country exporting to Thailand, one can
thus observe how important Thailand is to that exporting country compared to other countries of
the world. Chapter 4 does the same, but for exports of gravel and crushed stone originating from
Thailand, for each major country of destination. In doing so, one can discover the share that
Thailand has in each major market; this share value is often used as a measure of competitiveness
for Thailand. In all cases, the total dollar volume and percentage share values by major trading                                                    ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                                        Gravel and Crushed Stone in Thailand        7

partner are provided. Combined, Chapters 3 and 4 present a the total picture for imports and
exports of gravel and crushed stone to and from Thailand to and from all other major countries in
the world. "Gravel and Crushed Stone" as a category is defined in this report following the
definition given by the United Nations Statistics Division Classification Registry using the
Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC, Rev. 3). The SITC code that
defined "gravel and crushed stone" is 2734 . For more information on this definition, please
refer to the following web site: .

This report is updated on an annual basis. To ensure that you have the most current version,
please check the web site of ICON Group at

Important Caveat. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are forecasted for the current year of trade. More importantly, in light of the fact
that unforeseeable factors might interrupt markets in achieving their reported levels, the figures
should be seen as estimates of potential. For example, "mad cow" disease, foot-and-mouth
disease, trade embargoes, military conflicts, acts of terrorism and other events will certainly
affect the actual trade flows recorded for a variety of industry or product categories. In such
cases, the difference between the numbers given in this report and the numbers actually observed
might be interpreted as the "net loss" or "net gain" due to these exogenous events affecting
regular trade flows that would have occurred had these events not have taken place.                                                       ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                                          Gravel and Crushed Stone in Thailand          8

2.1         IMPORTS IN THAILAND IN 2011
                  Imported Gravel and Crushed Stone in Thailand, 2011
                              (Structure of Foreign Import Competition)

Country of Origin             Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
France                             1                      477               83.39                 83.39
China                              2                       95               16.61                100.00
Total                                                     572              100.00                100.00
    Source: Philip M. PARKER, Professor, INSEAD, copyright 2011,

                 Gravel and Crushed Stone Exports from Thailand, 2011
Country of Destination        Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
Singapore                          1                      393               72.91                 72.91
Malaysia                           2                      109               20.22                 93.14
Maldives                           3                       31                5.75                 98.89
Japan                              4                        6                1.11                100.00
Total                                                     539              100.00                100.00
    Source: Philip M. PARKER, Professor, INSEAD, copyright 2011,                                                          ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                                          Gravel and Crushed Stone in Thailand          9

3.1         ASIA
3.1.1          China
                   Gravel and Crushed Stone Exports from China, 2011
Country of Destination        Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
Hong Kong                         1                   39,246                38.43                 38.43
Taiwan                            2                   20,952                20.51                 58.94
Japan                             3                   16,619                16.27                 75.21
Malaysia                          4                    9,065                 8.88                 84.09
the United States                 5                    3,551                 3.48                 87.56
Australia                         6                    2,260                 2.21                 89.78
South Korea                       7                    1,509                 1.48                 91.25
the Netherlands                   8                    1,382                 1.35                 92.61
Singapore                         9                    1,341                 1.31                 93.92
Spain                            10                      979                 0.96                 94.88
Saudi Arabia                     11                      949                 0.93                 95.81
Indonesia                        12                      906                 0.89                 96.70
the United Kingdom               13                      839                 0.82                 97.52
Canada                           14                      526                 0.52                 98.03
Italy                            15                      409                 0.40                 98.43
Russia                           16                      287                 0.28                 98.71
Germany                          17                      223                 0.22                 98.93
France                           18                      178                 0.17                 99.11
Sweden                           19                      165                 0.16                 99.27
Israel                           20                      148                 0.14                 99.41
Qatar                            21                      146                 0.14                 99.56
New Zealand                      22                      119                 0.12                 99.67
Mongolia                         23                       96                 0.09                 99.77
Thailand                         24                       95             
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