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Internationalisation of Higher Education - Dr John Law - Welcome

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									Internationalisation of
     Higher Education




           Dr John Law
          British Council



      Businet conference
          Florence 2010
Background




   •   2009 marks the 75th anniversary of the British
       Council as the UK‘s international organisation for
       educational opportunities and cultural relations

   •   BC operates across 110 countries worldwide

   •   An international provider of choice but also an
       international partner of choice
How do you value an International education?




  ―An international education experience can develop
  global networks, with a unique capacity to deliver
  sustainable relationships, promoting the skills,
  creativity and innovation to participate internationally‖
Background



•   World recession
•   Global networks of researchers, academics, students and
    institutions
•   International research, mobility, multi-lateral teaching
    partnerships
•   European context, role of knowledge and innovation for the
    regional economy is stressed in the Lisbon Agenda (reiterated in
    Europe 2020 strategy)
Working in partnership



•   Sustainable multi-lateral partnerships
•   Shape, respond to or influence key agendas
•   PMI2, EPA, DELPHE, INSPIRE, UKIERI
•   Mutual benefits to partners
What is PMI2?




•   Second Prime Minister‘s Initiative for International
    Education, 2006
•   to position the UK as a strong provider in international
    education & manage sustained growth of students
    undertaking UK education
•   - Marketing and recruitment
    - Student experience
    - Strategic alliances and partnerships
What has been funded under PMI2?



Projects funded
• Research Co-operation in South East Asia        86
• UK-Pakistan Research Co-operation               9
• UK- Gulf States Research Co-operation           14
• Collaborative Programme Delivery                14
• International Mobility of UK Students           53
• China-UK Partnerships in Ent. & Employability   23
• Us Travel Grants                                20
• Partnership development grants                  97
• Over £5 million funding across 363 projects
PMI2 Policy Dialogues


•   Engagement with government, senior policy makers, VCs and
    senior academics
•   Extending the debate on international education issues including
    transnational education, Student mobility, and employability and
    entrepreneurship
•   Sharing experience and good practice
Background



  • UK-Japan HE Symposium, February 2009, London
  • The Entrepreneurial University, March 08, Sri Lanka
  • Universities in a Globalised World, March 08, Japan
  • Student Mobility in East Asia, Feb 08, Thailand
  • Education, Employability and the Creative Industries, Oct
    07, Indonesia
  • Transnational Education, March 07, Malaysia
  • International Education and Employability, Feb 07,
    Vietnam

 Reports and proceedings – www.britishcouncil.org/pmi2-connect
Student mobility


•   London Summit, 2007, mobility designated as a key
    priority
•   Erasmus, Language Assistants, IASTE, PMI outward
    mobility partnerships
•   BC is a partner in the PromoDoc project (Campus
    France, DAAD, NUFFIC, Eurodoc & IIE)
•   But how can you measure and benchmark
    ‗openness‘?
How ‗open‘ are regions to internationalisation



•   Partnerhip with the Economist Intelligence Unit
•   International Higher Education Index

•   National Polices
•   International Student mobility
•   International research and academic collaboration
International HE Index


National Policies
•   Internationalisation strategies
•   Visa and Immigration policies
•   Regulatory frameworks for cross border activities
•   Recognition of qualifications
•   Quality Assurance systems
•   Access and Equality
•   Inward and outward mobility
International HE Index - National policies



•   Examine the national policy frameworks in place to engage with
    the internationalisation of education
•   11 study countries;
          Australia
          Brazil
          China
          Germany
          India
          Japan
          Malaysia
          Nigeria
          Russia
          UK
          USA
International HE Index - Scoring system


•   Each indicator has between 3 & 5 scoring criteria

•   33 criteria in form of objective questions

•   29 qualitative and 4 quantitative

•   From both an importer and exporter perspective

•   Qualitative – Yes, No, Partly

•   Quantitative – 6 scoring bands
         International HE Index - Access & Equity

                                                                                   Germany comes top in this category
    ACCESS AND EQUITY

      Rank       Country     Score/10                                              Emerging markets place great emphasis
                                                                                   on increasing access
          1      Germany       8.1      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                                   Several export countries doing little to
          2      China         7.2      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                                   promote outbound mobility
          3      Australia     6.2      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
=                                                                                  Across the board countries place greater
          3      Brazil        6.2      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                                   emphasis on attracting students/academics
=

          5      Japan         5.3      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII                 Only Australia has policy to prevent
          6      Malaysia      5.1      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                                   displacement of local students
          7      Russia        5.0      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII                  Developing countries active in addressing
          8      US            4.9      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII                   brain drain
          9      India         4.8      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII

         10      UK            4.4      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                                   Increasing prevalence of international
                                                                                   development & capacity building
         11      Nigeria       3.7      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                                   programmes
     International HE Index - Openness


OPENNESS


  Rank     Country     Score/10                                                 • UK the most open policy environment

     1     UK            8.7      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII   • Developed markets tend to have well
                                                                                  defined strategies with dedicated bodies
     2     Australia     8.5      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII      promoting their higher education abroad
     3     Germany       8.1      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                                • Developed markets also tend to have the
     4     Malaysia      7.9      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                                  most appealing environments for higher
     5     US            7.2      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                                  education institutions
     6     Japan         6.5      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII

     7     China         6.4      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                                • Most countries have fairly attractive visa
     8     Nigeria       5.0      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII                       & migration polices for students
     9     Russia        4.0      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII

     10    India         3.5      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII                             • Less attractive are visa and migration
     11    Brazil        3.2      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                                  policies for academics.
      International HE Index - QA & Degree recognition


QUALITY ASSURANCE AND DEGREE RECOGNITION
                                                                                       • Australia come top in this category
    Rank       Country    Score/10


      1       Australia     9.4      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII   • Huge variations across countries
      2       Germany       8.9      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                                       • Japan and Malaysia—poor on outbound
      3          UK         8.3      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII            quality assurance.
      4         China       5.6      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                                       • Only Australia and Malaysia get full
=     5       Malaysia      5.0      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                                         marks for inbound quality assurance
=     5          US         5.0      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII


      7        Russia       4.4      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII                            • Countries have better procedures for
      8        Nigeria      2.8      IIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                                         recognising foreign degrees
=     9         India       2.2      IIIIIIIIIII

=     9         Japan       2.2      IIIIIIIIIII
                                                                                       • Countries with more export-led activities
                                                                                         place greater emphasis on quality of
     11         Brazil      1.1      IIIII
                                                                                         entry and teaching standards for foreign
                                                                                         students
         International HE Index - Overall findings


OVERALL SCORE

    Rank   Country     Score/10                                               Germany comes 1st with a well balanced
     1     Germany       8.4      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII   policy framework and comes top in the
     2     Australia     8.0      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                              ―access and equity‖ category
     3     UK            7.2      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                              Australia comes 2nd with the strongest
     4     China         6.4      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII             ―quality assurance‖ system
     5     Malaysia      6.0      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                              The UK comes 3rd with the most ―open‖
     6     US            5.7      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                              policy environment
     7     Japan         4.7      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII

     8     Russia        4.5      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII                      Brazil and India are joint at the bottom of
     9     Nigeria       3.8      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                              the overall ranking with ―poor quality
                                                                              assurance‖ but relatively ―good access and
=    10    Brazil        3.5      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
                                                                              equity‖
=    10    India         3.5      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII
International HE Index - correlation



•   Research found a very strong correlation between Education
    Policy and student mobility
•   The higher the national policy index, the greater the international
    student mobility
•   Relationship between ―openness‖ policy score & inbound
    students      Correlation coefficient = 0.57

•   National policies also significantly impact upon levels of academic
    and research collaboration
    Inward student flows



•   The US, the UK and France ranked 1st, 2nd and 3rd respectively
    since 2004

•   Five of the top ten countries in 2007 were European countries

•   US by far the main receiver over the period but is loosing market
    share overall

•   UK, Australia and China fast growth – China to overtake Japan

•   Russia only country to see big drop in international students
Outward student flows


•   China, India and Korea rank 1st, 2nd and 3rd respectively over the
    period

•   Six of the top ten countries also appeared in the inward students
    rankings

•   Large populous counties predominate

•   China by far the biggest sender in each year, although pace has
    slowed

•   Little difference between the bottom six ranked countries
Balance between inward and outward students


•   Australia received 22 students for every one student sent abroad
    in 2007

•   The most balanced country in the rankings was the Netherlands
    in 2003 when 1.7 international students were received for every
    student sent abroad

•   India sent eight students abroad for every international student
    received in 2007

•   Morocco, Hong Kong and Korea remained in the top five rankings
    over the period
The Future ?



New UK Government –

• HE plays a major role in UK export agenda

• Cameron & Cable speeches in India, Hague statement.

• BIS: Skills, science, research & innovation as a major source of
  long term economic growth

• Emerging list of priority countries for UK Government:-

• China, India, Turkey, Brazil, Vietnam, Pakistan, Gulf States
The Future ?



• Existing partnership programmes are undergoing
  evaluation – DBIS/DFID and related stakeholders

   • Our current offer needs realignment to match BC
     aspirations and the need for enhanced impact

   • Our existing activities need refocusing – to
   anticipate
     and shape future international landscape of HE and
   FE
The Future ?



BC has launched its Internationalising Higher Education strategy
(IHE)


• Strategic Education Market Intelligence

• Global Policy dialogues

• Knowledge Economy partnerships

• Student experience and alumni
Who to contact




Thank You



•  For Higher Education related queries:
john.law@britishcouncil.org

								
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