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Ignorance (PowerPoint)


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5th Year Higher
                         Ignorance (Education)
            The Labour government inherited and implemented:
1944 Education Act (Butler Act passed by the wartime coalition govt.
1944 Act:
1. Raised leaving age to 15 by 1947 and to 16 ASAP.
2. School system: 3 tiered     a. Nursery voluntary
                                      b. Primary compulsory
                                      c. Secondary compulsory
3. Secondary stage: 3 levels    a. Senior secondary
                                b. Junior secondary
                                c. Technical schools
                                to suit pupil’s abilities and aptitudes
4. Decided by an exam at the end of primary – 11 plus.
5. Provision of: Meals, Milk and compulsory medical service.
Implementing the Act: Problems
Shortage of teachers
Shortage/poor condition of school buildings
20% of schools damaged by bombing

Due to economic difficulties & the scale of the problem:-
Government concentrated on replacing the bombed out schools and
building primaries to accommodate the “baby boom”
By 1950 1176 new schools built or underway – 928 primaries.
Very few Technical schools –

3 tier system reduced to two:
Senior Secondary (for about 20% of the population)
Junior Secondary for the rest.
                     Criticisms of the Act
Many believed:-
To set up a first and second rate school system reflected the
class divisions in Britain.
11 plus supposed to be objective and fair test irrespective of
social class background. In practice socially divisive and
highly contentious selection procedure fo limited places at
secondary schools.
Junior Secondaries offered inferior opportunities to the bulk
of the nations children. This unfairness was only dealt with
by the introduction of comprehensive education.
Labour did little for educational welfare of the working
classes compared to the eqality of opportunity and provision
being implemented in social security and health.

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