Hajj Hajj BY IMAN AMER History of Hajj Hajj

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Hajj Hajj BY IMAN AMER History of Hajj Hajj Powered By Docstoc
					Hajj
BY IMAN AMER
History of Hajj
 Hajj literally means to set out for a place. For a Muslim, that place is the city of Makkah.
 Prophet Ibrahim was told by Allah to build the kaabah. After building the kaabah, Prophet
 Ibrahim went to Hajj every year. This was continued by his son, Ismaeel. Gradually, the
 rites where changed and idols were put inside and around the kaabah. Poems and
 paintings were also put inside the Kaabah, one was of prophet Isa and his mother
 Maryam.

 Eventually over 360 idols were put around the Kaabah. Soon the Kaabah‟s atmosphere
 was like that of a circus‟s. Men and women would go around the kaabah naked and argue
 about how to present themselves to Allah in the way they were born. People started to
 eventually forget about Allah and hand-clapping, whistling and horn-blowing started
 throughout the land.

 There were even sacrifices, blood of sacrificed animals would be poured onto the walls
 of the kaabah and the flesh was hung from the pillars in the thought that Allah demanded
 it. Singing, drinking, adultery and other acts were started and poetry competitions were
 said to be a major part of Hajj. They would exaggerate the tales of the cowardice and
 miserliness of the other tribes. The sad state of the affairs were held from nearly 2 and a
 half thousand years until an Ayah was revealed:

 “OUR LORD! SEND AMONGST THEM A MESSENGER OF THEIR OWN, WHO SHALL
 RECITE UNTO THEM YOUR AAYAAT AND INSTRUCT THEM IN THE BOOK AND THE
 WISDOM AND SANCTIFY THEM. VERILY YOU ARE THE „AZEEZUL-HAKEEM‟ ( THE ALL
 MIGHTY, THE ALL WISE).” Surah Bakarah-Surah 2, ayah 129.




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History of Hajj
 Afterwards, prophet Muhammed (saw) was born in the same city that prophet Ibrahim
 had made this supplication centuries earlier. Not only did prophet Muhammed (saw)
 spread Islam in many countries, he fixed the rites of Hajj. All indecent acts are strictly
 forbidden from Allah‟s statement:

 “THERE IS TO BE NO LEWDNESS NOR WRANGLES DURING HAJJ.”




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Information on the Islamic Calendar
 The Islamic calendar begins from when the prophet Muhammed migrated from Makkah to
 Madinah. It is a completely lunar calendar. It contains 12 months that are based on the
 movement of the moon, but it is different from the Christian calendar, the important
 Islamic events are celebrated according to the sighting of the moon.

 The twelve Islamic months are: Dhul Hijjah, Muharram, Safar, Rabiul Awwal, Rabbi al-
 Thani, Jumadiul Awwal, Jummadiul Thani, Rajab, Sha‟ aban, Ramadan, Shawwal and dhul
 Qadah. You can do Hajj in dhul Hijjah, 8th to the 12th. The next day after Hajj is Eid. The
 Islamic calendar is eleven days shorter than the Gregorian calendar, which is used in the
 Western world. So every year, Hajj and Eid is eleven days before it was the previous year.




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The Pillars Of Hajj
 The first pillar of Hajj is Ihram, Ihram is usually when somebody is performing Hajj and
 Umrah rituals. Otherwise it is known to be the 2 unstitched cloths for men and loose cloth
 for women. The key element to Ihram is to make the intention, after taking a bath and
 praying 2 Rakaah. After that is done and the clothing is put on, you must say:

 “LABBAYKA-ALLAHUMMA-LABAYK, LABAYKA LAA LAKA LABAYK-INNAL HAMDA
 WANNI‟ MATA LAKA WAL MULK, LAA SHAREEKA LAK!”

 Which means:

 “HERE I AM O ALLAH! HERE I AM! HERE I AM, THERE IS NO PARTNER FOR YOU, HERE I
 AM, SURELY ALL PRAISE, BLESSINGS AND DOMINION ARE FOR YOU. THERE IS NO
 PARTNER FOR YOU!”

 We should keep saying the Talbiyah on the way to Makkah especially after prayers or
 when meeting pilgrims or ascending and descending … etc.

 We should not argue. Men are not allowed to wear a hat, but an umbrella is permitted and
 socks, watches and glasses are allowed too. Pilgrims are not allowed to kill animals
 unless they become of threat to you or your family, including other people. If insect or
 animal Is pestering you, you can throw it away.



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The Pillars Of Hajj
 The second pillar of Hajj is Tawaf. It is the action of going around the Kaabah 7 times. In
 order to have Tawaf completed one must do the following:

 1. Make the intention for Tawaf as an act of obedience to Allah alone.

 2. Clean with Wudu for prayer.

 3. Cover Awrah for both men and women, If Awrah is shown then Tawaf becomes null.

 4. You must do Tawaf inside Masjid Al-Haram.

 5. You must start making Tawaf from the Black Stone and around and back to the Black
    Stone, this is considered one round. You should not talk to others unless it is of great
    importance and necessity.




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The Pillars Of Hajj
 These are some desirable Sunnah acts:

 1. Performing the first three rounds quickly, men should be almost jogging if possible
    and if the circumstances allow it. Don‟t do it if it‟s crowded.

 2. Don‟t cover the right shoulder for men, put the cloth under the armpit.

 3. Kiss the black stone at the beginning of Tawaf if possible. Otherwise, if it is not
    possible because the pilgrim is scared they accidentally might push another, they can
    raise their hands to make Istilaam-salutation-to the Black Stone by saying:

    “BISMILLAH W-ALLAHU AKBAR!ALLAHUMMA IMAANAN BIKA WA TASDEEQAN
    BIKITAABIKA WA-WAFAA‟AN BIAHDIKA WAT TIBAA‟AN LISUNNATI NABBIYIKA
    MUHAMMADIN SALLA ALLAHU ALAYHE WAS SALLAM.”

    Which means:

    “IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, ALLAH IS THE GREATEST! O ALLAH I HAVE FAITH IN YOU,
    I BELIEVE IN YOUR BOOK. I AM FULFILLING THE PROMISE MADE TO YOU AND
    FOLLOWING THE SUNNAH OF YOUR PROPHET (SAW).”




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The Pillars Of Hajj
 4. You can make lots of Dhikr such as:

    “SUBHAANA ALLAH WAL HAMDU LILLAH WA LAA ILAAHA ILLAAHA ILL ALLAH W-
    ALLAHU AKBAR WALAA HAWLA WALAA QUWWATA ILLAA BILLAHI!”

    Which means:

    “ GLORY BE TO ALLAH! ALLPRAISE IS DUE TO ALLAH! THERE IS NO GOD EXCEPT
    ALLAH! ALLAH IS THE GREATEST! THERE IS NO POWER OR STRENGTH EXCEPT
    WITH ALLAH!”

    There are no specific Du‟as for circumambulating, but the best thing to say is the word
    of Allah (swt). The pilgrim should not disturb others while reciting some chapters of
    the Qur‟an. When you go around the Kaabah you must make du‟as.

 5. When you reach the fourth Kaabah, which is called Al-Yamaani, one should touch it
    with their hand if it is possible. And recite their du‟a until they reach the Black Stone:

    “RABANAA AATINAA FID-DUNIYAAH HASANAH WAFIL-AAKHIRATI HASANATAN
    WAQINAA ADHAABAN-NAR.”

    Which means:

    “OUR LORD! GIVE US GOOD IN THIS WORLD AND GOOD IN THE HEREAFTER, AND
    PROTECT US FROM THE TORMENT OF THE FIRE!” (2:201)                                            8
The Pillars Of Hajj
 6. The pilgrim should be in a state of serenity, concentration and humbleness. You
      should not harm anybody and should also avoid talking except if it is of great
      necessity.

 7. Make Du‟a after making Tawaf at the Muntazam- the spot between the Black Stone
      and the Kaabah door. Pray 2 Rakaah behind the Maqaam -station of Ibraheem (ahs).
      Then, drinking from Zam-Zam water in three sequences while having the intention to
      be cured with the blessing of Allah from any disease and facing Qiblah. The pilgrim
      can recite the following Du‟a:

      “ALLAHUMMA INNI AS ALUKA ILMAN NAAFI‟AN WA RIZQAN WAASI AN WAS-
      SHIFAA‟A MIN KULLI DHAA ‟IN WA SAQAM!”

      Which means:

      “ O ALLAH! I BESEECH YOU TO BLESS ME WITH A USEFUL KNOWLEDGE, A
      GENEROUS SUBSISTENCE AND A CURE FROM ANY AILMENT AND DISEASE!

 8.   Finally go back to the Black Stone and Salute it before leaving to do Sayee.

      Sayee is the third pillar and it is when you walk from Saffah to Marwa seven times. You
      must walk from Saffah to Marwa once to make a single round.

      Habibah Bint Al-Taghrah ( r ) heard the prophet (saw) saying to his companions:

      “Perform Sayee for Allah has ordained it upon you.” (Ahmad)                           9
The Pillars Of Hajj
 To complete Sayee one must:

    1.   Do Sayee after Tawaf not before and make proper intention for beginning Sayee.

    2.   Keep doing Sayee without interruption unless it is of great necessity.

    3.   Stand on As-Saffah and Al-Marwa by going back and forth seven times, 4 stops at
         each hill. Make the du‟a facing Qiblah.

 These are some desirable Sunnah acts:

    1.   Fast walking, that is close to running, between the two green signs on the sides.

    2.   Making Dhikr or Du‟a or reading Qur‟an.

    3.   To be clean and Have Wudu is suggested but it is not obligatory as in Tawaf it is.

    4.   To walk unless the pilgrim is weak.

    5.   To look down, resist talking and hurting others, you should try to be humble and
         serene and you should remember the day of judgment.




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The Pillars Of Hajj
 The last pillar of Hajj is Arafah. It is known as the Big day of Hajj and is on the 9th of Dhul
 Hijjah. The prophet Muhammed (saw) said “Hajj is Arafah.” Scholars have said that Arafah
 is the most important pillar in the Arcana. The prophet Muhammed (saw) said that Hajj is
 only valid by attending Arafah. In order to have Hajj properly completed, one must:

 1.   Go to Hajj at the 9th of Dhul Hijjah: After the road of Dabb making Talbiyah. And Dhikr.
      After the pilgrim prays at Masjid Namirah Dhuhr and Asr combined and shortened with
      the Imam, if you can, you should go to the Mawqif where you need to be present
      because going to Masjid Namirah is not fully a part of Arafat.

 2.   The presence in Arafat on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah between Dhuhr and Asr is essential.

 3.   Sleep in Muzdalifah after spending the day in Arafat.

 4.   To throw pebbles at Jamrat al Qabah on the following day.

 5.   Shaving off your hair or some of it after stoning. After this, the state of ihram is over
      and the pilgrim can wear regular clothes and perfume and they can clip the nails…etc.

 6.   You have to sleep on the eves of the 11th, 12th, 13th. If the pilgrim has to leave, the
      11th and 12th will be enough.

 7.   Throw pebbles at the three Jamrat (the three places where people throw pebbles at the
      Shaytaan) every day of Tashreeq 911th, 12th and 13th).

 8.   Many pilgrims do extra deeds on the day of Arafah and the final days of Hajj. Indeed      11
      these are the most significant days in the whole journey.
Importance of Hajj
 Hajj is important because it has been Sunnah on Prophet Ibraheem (ahs) and Muslims after
 him have done it. If you can afford it then it is Sunnah on you, if you can‟t then you don‟t
 need to go for Hajj.



Islamic Preparation
 To prepare for Hajj, you must pray 2 Rakaah Naffl and then you must put your Ihram on.



How You Feel When You Get There
 Some might be sad or scared and some might be relieved like a heavy burden has been
 lifted. My interviewee felt scared and overwhelmed, and then she started to cry.




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The Hajj Interview
Background - My Interviewee‟s Information

     My grandma is a really nice person. I think anybody who meets her will really like her. She is
     really kind and is never spiteful. She was born in Pakistan and she lives in Lahore. She went
     to Hajj 2 years ago. She comes to visit every few years, the last time she came was about
     one year ago. She came then because she wanted to help my mum look after my baby sister
     Saffa when she was born. My grandma lives with her husband and her sons in a beautiful
     mansion with a huge garden. My grandma is 62 years old and she was born in 1946. She
     has been a Muslim all her life.

Interview

1.   Have you ever been to Hajj before?

     No.

2.   What was It like to walk from Saffah to Marwa?

     It is busy and it took a long time, it was tiring.

3.   How long was the flight?

     6 hours.

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The Hajj Interview
4.   When did you go?

     10 days before Hajj.

5.   What transport did you use to get there?

     Aeroplanes .

6.   Where did you put your Ahram on?

     Lahore airport.

7.   What was the weather like in Makkah?

     Hot.

8.   Who was your Mahram?

     My husband.

9.   Where did you stay?

     Sarmaan palace.


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The Hajj Interview
10. How did you feel when you were doing Tawaf?

   Excited and tired.

11. How did you feel when you saw the Kaabah for the first time?

   I felt scared and overwhelmed and I started to cry.

12. How did you feel when you left to go back home?

    I felt very sad.

13. Did you touch the Black Stone?

   Yes.

14. Did you see the Prophet Muhammad‟s grave?

   Yes.

15. Was it very crowded when you did Tawaf?

   Yes.


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The Hajj Interview
16. How much did it cost to go for Hajj?

    100,000 rupees.

17. What food did you eat?

    Asian food.

18. What were the people like?

    The Saudi Arabians were unfriendly.

19. What was the most memorable experience that happened to you while you were there?

    When I saw the Kaabah and when I saw so many people equal.

20. Would you go again if you could?

    Yes.




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