Haiti

Document Sample
Haiti Powered By Docstoc
					 Haiti
By Liam & Fraser
        What happened ?
On January 12, a 7.0 magnitude
earthquake struck Haiti. Estimates of the
numbers killed in the Haitian
earthquake range from 100,000 to
200,000. Organisers of the Hope for Haiti
telethon in the US said it had raised more
than $57m (£35m) for victims.
              The Earthquake
The quake, which struck about 15km (10 miles) south-
west of Port-au-Prince, was quickly followed by two
strong aftershocks of 5.9 and 5.5 magnitude.
The tremor hit at 1653
(2153 GMT) on
Tuesday, the US
Geological Survey said.
Phone lines to the
country failed shortly
afterwards.
What caused the earthquake ?
The earthquake that Haiti experience on January
12th, which read 7.0 on the Richter scale which
is one of the highest, and the tremors or after
shocks reached 5.9 on the
Richter Scale
                Main earthquake

              After shocks
           Tectonic plates
Earthquakes occur when
two tectonic plates move
suddenly against each
other. The rocks usually
break underground at the
hypocentre and the earth
shakes. Waves spread
from the epicentre, the
point on the surface above
the hypocentre. If a
earthquake occurs under
the sea it can cause a
tsunami.
The Haiti earthquake occurred in the boundary
region separating the Caribbean plate and the
North America plate. This plate boundary is
dominated by left-lateral strike slip motion and
compression, and accommodates about 20
mm/y slip, with the Caribbean plate moving
eastward with respect
to the North America
plate. This movement
cause the plates to
slip past each other
which in turn caused
the earthquake.
    Development indicators for Haiti and UK
             HAITI                             UNITED KINGDOM
                                   •Imports
    Imports
    $2.023 billion (2009 est.)      $473.6 billion (2009 est.)
                                   •Exports
    Exports
    $524 million (2009 est.)        $351.3 billion (2009 est.)
                                   •Population in poverty
    Population in poverty
    80% (2003 est.)                 14% (2006 est.)
                                   •Labour force by occupation
     Labour force by occupation
                                    agriculture: 1.4%
    agriculture: 66%
                                    industry: 18.2%
    industry: 9%
    services: 25% (1995)            services: 80.4% (2006 est.)
        Population Pyramids
UK              As shown in this diagram UK is
                an EMDC as it has a higher life
                expectancy which is shown by
                the amount of older people.
                The UK also has more middle
                aged people than children
                which shows how the country
                is developed as there is more
                work force.

HAITI            This diagram shows Haiti
                 which is an ELDC as we can
                 tell this from the amount of
                 children compared to adults.
                 This shows there is a low life
                 expectancy which could be
                 caused from a serious
                 illness or disease.
    Rural and Urban Life Before the
              Earthquake
   Haiti is the poorest country in the western hemisphere
    54% of the people living there in poverty.
   The people who live there rely on subsistence farming –
    only growing enough food for your family as they do not
    have any money to spend on other food.
   They cant defend themselves from avoiding the frequent
    natural disasters that they have.
   In 2005, the growth of Haiti had been increasing but in
    2008 when four tropical storms hit Haiti the damage was
    severe.
   In 2005 the $525 million they owed was cleared for free
    given to them as them being forgiven.
                The Slave Trade
   The Haitian Revolution (1791–1803)
    is the period of violent conflict in the
    French colony of Saint-Domingue,
    leading to the elimination of slavery
    and the establishment of Haiti as the
    first republic ruled by people of
    African ancestry.
   Only the revolt on Saint-Domingue,
    which began in 1791, was successful
    in achieving permanent freedom. The
    Haitian Revolution is regarded as a
    defining moment in the history of
    Africans in the new world.
                  The Duvalier's
   François Duvalier was born on the 14th of April 1907 and
    died April 21st 1971.
   He won acclaim in fighting diseases so people called him
    Papa Doc.
   He was elected president in 1956 on a black nationalist
    platform.
   In his presidential success he executed everyone who
    was a major supporter of another person who was
    running for president (Déjoie)
   He tried to make everyone follow him but some people
    disagreed but they couldn’t do anything about it as every
    attempt to stop him from being president was rejected.
   His son, Jean-Claude Duvalier also known as Baby Doc
    then took over in 1964.
          Jean-Bertrand Aristide
   Jean-Bertrand Aristide (born July 15,
    1953) is a Haitian politician and former
    Roman Catholic priest, who served as
    Haiti's first democratically elected
    president. He was briefly President of
    Haiti in 1991, prior to a September
    1991 military coup, and was President
    again from 1994 to 1996 and from
    2001 to 2004. He was then ousted in a
    February 2004 rebellion in which
    former soldiers participated. Accusing
    the U.S. of orchestrating a coup
    against him, he was forced into exile
    and eventually settled in South Africa.
    In his career he was also accused of
    corruption and even drug trafficking.
THE END 

				
DOCUMENT INFO