personality Stress And Personality Factors that Influence your Stress Stress and

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					Stress And Personality:

Factors that Influence your Stress
         Stress and Personality
When I was 25, I got testicular cancer and nearly
 died. I don’t know why I am still alive. I can only
 guess. I have a tough constitution and my
 profession taught me how to compete against long
 odds and big obstacles.
            —Lance Armstrong
• Personality is thought to be comprised of
  –   traits;
  –   characteristics;
  –   behaviors;
  –   expressions;
  –   moods; and
  –   feeling as perceived by others.
• The complexity of one’s personality is
  thought to be shaped by:
  –   genetic factors;
  –   family dynamics;
  –   social influences; and
  –   personal experiences.
• “Who you really are” is an evolutionary
     Personality types and Stress
•   Type A behavior
•   Codependent personality
•   Helpless-hopeless personality
•   Hardy personality
•   Type R personality (sensation seeker)
• An awareness of who you are as a person
  and how your personality affects your stress
  levels is an essential element of a
  comprehensive stress management program.
• An analysis of your strengths and
  weaknesses lets you target or work on those
  elements that impact your ability to cope
  with stress.
    To raise or maintain your Self-
•   Focus on your good qualities.
•   Try to change or improve your weaknesses
•   Avoid the statement “I should have”
•   Focus on who you really are…be true to yourself
•   Avoid comparisons with others
•   Reassert yourself and your values
•   Recognize that every individual has an intrinsic
Type A Behavior Characteristics
• A sense of Time Urgency:
   – Preoccupied with time, impatient, feels guilty about
• Polyphasia: Engaging in more than one thought or activity
  at a time.
• Ultra-competiveness: Egocentric, more concerned with
  quantity than quality
• Rapid Speech
• Manipulative Control: a desire to influence others, exert
  dominant control
• Hyperagressiveness/Hostility
  Helpless/Hopeless Personality
• Based on an external Locus of Control
  – perception that external factors control behavior
  – Often shows signs of apathy and complacency
  – Takes little responsibility for their actions
• Poor self-esteem and low self-motivation
• Perceptions of failure dominate
• Often associated with emotional
  dysfunction, depression.
           Hardy Personality
• More resistant to stress and it’s effects
• Has a strong Internal locus of control, sense
  of empowerment, will-power
• Has the ability to “just do it”
• Has an investment into personal values and
  potential (high self-esteem)
• Sees changes and problems as an
  opportunity for growth and not as a threat
       Co-Dependent Personality
•   Super-overachievers; Perfectionists
•   Always seeking approval from others
•   Crisis managers (thrive on chaos)
•   Loyalty to others
•   Martyrs (puts others needs first)
•   “Victims” (always taken advantage of)
•   Reactionaries (overreact to situations)
•   Manipulators
•   Tries to gain a sense of self-importance from
 Type “R” personality (sensation
• This is the “sensation-seeking” personality;
  those people who seek thrills and sensations
  but take calculated risks in their endeavors
• They appear to be dominated by an
  adventurous spirit.
• They are willing to accept challenges, and
  in fact, thrive on them.
• 1. What personality characteristics do you have
  that have a tendency to create stressful situations
  or increase your levels of stress?
• 2. What personality characteristics do you have
  that help you get through stressful situations?
• 3. What two elements of your personality would
  you like to change the most in order to allow you
  to cope with stress more effectively? How could
  this be accomplished?