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1950s _ 1960s Changes for Canada


									  1950s & 1960s
Changes for Canada

  Mr. Parr’s Summary
The Baby Boom
              The Baby Boom
• Birth rate rapidly increased after WWII
• By the mid-1960s half of the population was below the
  age of 25
• Massive growth in schools occurred during this period –
  requiring governments to spend more tax dollars in this
  area – Education was seen as a “right”
• Students stayed in school longer, more graduated high
  school, and more colleges & universities were built to
  accommodate the growth
Urban Life
                 Urban Life
• The development of better cars in the 1950s led
  to the birth of the “commuter age”
• These new cars became a new focus of society
  (house with a garage, more roads, parking, etc.)
• The first suburbs began to emerge to the north
  and east of Toronto (York, North York
• This began to change cities into the
  urban/suburban layout we have today
             Household Life
• After WWII women were again expected to
  return to work in the household. Many did, but
  as with WWI, many did not.
• The single-income family was considered typical
• There was pressure to “maintain appearances”
  within your town, so more families attended
  church, community social functions, etc.
• Mothers, on average, did 99 hours of housework
  each week.
• Television was emerging in the 1950s – show
  like Hockey Night in Canada and Front Page
  Challenge were popular
• TV dramas and comedies, like Father Knows
  Best and Leave It To Beaver re-enforced the idea
  of a nuclear family and gender stereotypes.
• Drive-in movie theatres became widely popular
  in the 1950s through to the 1970s
• Drive-thru restaurants became very popular
Rock and Roll
• The early 1950s saw a period of conservative, traditional
• By the mid-1950s Elvis Presley, Buddy Holly and Paul
  Anka had introduced “Rock and Roll”
• This began the “generation gap” phenomenon
• By the 1960s the impact of Rock Music had become far
  more widespread with Neal Young, Joni Mitchell and
  Gordon Lightfoot. (The Rolling Stones, The Beatles, etc.)
• Rock counter-culture became a source of social protest
  and social unrest (hippies, psychedelic movement, peace
  protesters rejecting nuclear weapons & Vietnam War)
• How will we cope with aging baby boomers
  (health care, pensions, their sense of entitlement)
• What urban planning problems arise from the
  boom and post-boom period?
• What about the “Boom Echo” – that’s you

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