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					U   se these thought-provoking statistics in educational material, websites, and communications with local media and
    policymakers t o boost awareness of mental health issues and their impact on your community-and
Organized by target audience, these statistics will add punch t o your Mental Health Month message!
                                                                                                         the nation.

                                                                 Even just moderate levels of depressive o r anxiety
                                                                 symptoms can affect work performance and
m   Stress is linked t o the six leading causes of death:        productivity. (JOEM. 2005)
    heart disease, cancer. lung ailments, accidents.             Depression is highly associated with wot-I< limitations
    cirrhosis of the liver and suicide. (APA, 2004)              that affect time management. interpersonalimental
    Chronic stress can double a person's risk of having a        functioning and overall output. (JOEM. 2005)
    heart attack. (BCBS MA, 2004)                                Workplace environments have a greater effect o n
    Seventy-five percent of visits t o doctors' offices          employee stress levels than the number of hours
    concern stress-related ailments. (APA, 2004)                 employees work. (UA, 2003)

    Chronic stress can cause premature aging. (NAS,              In a typical workplace with 20 employees, four will
    2004)                                                        likely develop a mental illness this year. (NIMH, 2004)

    People who have untreated mental health issues use           WOI-kers who have depression report losing 5.6
    more general health services than those who seek             hours a week due t o lost productivity compared
    mental health care when they need it. (APA. 2004)            with 1.6 hours a weel< among workers without
                                                                 depression. (JOEM. 2005)
    People who have heart disease and depression at-e
    up t o twice as likely t o die within two years of being     Depression is associated with a 50 percent increase
    diagnosed with heart disease than people who have            in missed worked days. But early and pr-oper
    heart disease only. (PM, 2004)                               treatment of depression i s associated with a marked
                                                                 decreased in disability leave time. (JOEM,2005)
    People who have depression are more likely than
    others t o develop diabetes. (AJE, 2005)                     More than three o u t of four employees who seek
                                                                 care for worl<place issues o r mental health problems
    Regular physical exercise can help people reduce             see substantial improvement in work performance
    stress, depression and anxiety, and enable them t o          after treatment. (APF, 2003)
    better cope with adversity. (UNM, 2003)
                                                                 The total healthcare costs for workers who receive
    People who have major depression and anxiety                 treatment for depression and have complete
    disorders are significantly (60 percent) less likely t o     remission of symptoms at-e two-thirds less than the
    I-elapse if they exercise regularly-and continue             medical costs of untreated individuals. (JOEM. 2005)
    exercising over t i m e t h a n if they take medication
    alone. (Mayo Clinic, 2003)                                   Workers at one corporation who had dept-ession in
                                                                 addition t o one of four chronic physical conditions
Workplace                                                        (heart disease. hypertension, diabetes o r back
                                                                 problems) spent 1.7 times more healthcare dollars
    Mental health conditions are the second leading              than workers who had one of the physical conditions
                                                                 alone. (JOEM, 2005)
    cause of worl<place absenteeism (the leading cause is
    musculosl<eletal conditions). (APE 2005)

    One in foul- people report they've missed wort< as a
    result of wol-I<-related stress. (APA, 2004)
                                                                                                       w r .Association
  Untreated and mistreated mental illness costs the            Older Adults
  United States. $105 billion in lost PI-oductivity each
  year, and U.S. businesses foot up t o $44 billion of the       Only about half of older adults who acknowledge that
  bill. (BMJ. 1998; NMHA, 200 I )                                they may have mental health PI-oblems receive
  The economic but-den of anxiety disorders in 1998              treatment from any health care provider, and only a
  was $63.1 billion. CJOEM,2005)                                 fraction of those receive specialty mental health
                                                                 services (3 pel-cent),the lowest rate among any adult
  In 2000, the total direct cost t o treat depressive            age group. (AAGP, 2004)
  disorders was $26.1 billion, while the total cost of
  depressive disorders in the workplace was $5 1.5               Older adults who are caregivers t o spouses or other
  billion. CJOEM,2005)                                           relatives may be at an increased risk for developing
                                                                 heart disease, arthritis, osteoporosis and some
  Workers who abuse drugs cost their employers twice             cancers due t o long-term stress. (OSU, 2003)
  as much in medical and worker compensation claims
  than worl<et-swho do not abuse drugs. (NIDA, 2004)             Medical treatment outcomes are worse when
                                                                 complicated by mental health problems. For example,
  Although 8 percent of the U.S. adult wot-Icing                 rehabilitation from a hip fracture or a heart attack is
  population has a dependence on alcohol. less than I            less successful and more expensive when complicated
  percent of health plan members are diagnosed with              by depression. (NIMH, 2003)
  alcohol dependence. (APE 2005)
                                                                 About I I percent of adults over age 55 have an
  Employers provide the healthcare benefits t o 175              anxiety disorder. (USSG, 1999)
  million wot-l<s and their families. (EBRI, 2005)
                                                                 Although 4.4 percent of older adults have a mood
                                                                 disorder such a depression, up t o 20 percent have
Consumers and Recovery
                                                                 significant symptoms of depression. (USSG, 1999)
  As many as 8 million Americans who have serious                The highest rate of suicide for any age group ( 19.4
  mental illnesses do not receive adequate treatment             per 100,000) is among people age 85 and older.The
  each year. (HU, 2002)                                          second highest rate of suicide (17.7 per 100,000) is
                                                                 among those between age 75 and 84. (AAS. 2002)
  The treatment success rates for such disorders as
  depression (more than 80 percent), panic disorder              Over half of older people who receive mental health
  (70-90 percent) and schizophrenia (60 percent),                care receive i t from their primary care physicians.
  surpass those of other medical conditions, such as             (AAGP, 2004)
  heart disease (45-50 percent). (NIMH, 2004)
                                                                 Older men are far less likely t o seek and receive
  Although an estimated 9 percent of American adults             treatment for depression than older women. (UCLA.
  have depression, less than 4 percent of American               2003)
  adults have been diagnosed with the disorder. (APF,
  2005)                                                        Children and Families
  An estimated 2.5 million Americans have bipolar
  disorder.The actual number may be two t o three                Only about 21 percent of children in the United
  times higher because as many as 80 percent of people           States who need mental health services actually
  with this illness go undiagnosed or misdiagnosed.              receive them. (AJP,Sept. 2002)
  (NMHA, 2003)                                                   About every two hours, a young person Ikills himself
  Treatment of panic disorder decreases healthcare               or herself. (AAS, 2002)
  utilization and costs by 94 percent. CJOEM.2005)               Three million teenagers have considered suicide o r
  People who receive treatment for depression are                attempted suicide in the past year. (SAMHSA. 2002)
  two-thirds less lilkely t o miss work days due to illness.     Suicide is the third leading cause of death among
  CJOEM,2005)                                                    people under 24 years old after accidents and
                                                                 homicide. (CDC. 2002)

                                                                                                         m      Association
  The suicide rate among males between the ages of 15          About one student in five report that they have sought
  and 24 has nearly quadrupled over the last 60 years,         personal counseling since entering college. (UCLA,
  and the rate among females in the same age group has         2004)
  doubled. (CDC. 2002)
                                                               Nearly 15 percent of college students have been
  Five t o 9 percent of children in the United States have     diagnosed with depr-ession. (ACHA, 2004)
  a set-ious emotional disturbance. (USSG, 1999)
                                                               Seven percent of college students have an anxiety
  About 13 pel-cent of children between 9 and 17 years         disoi-del-.(NIMH. 2000)
  old have an anxiety disorder. (USSG, 1999)
                                                               U p t o 2 percent of all college-aged women have
  About 4.1 percent of school-age children have                bulimia net-vosa. (NEDA, 2004)
  attention-deficit hypet-activity disorder. (NIMH. 1999)
                                                               Nearly 4 percent of females will have anorexia at some
  Early-childhood trauma can lead t o memory problems          point during their lifetime. (NIMH. 2004)
  and mental and cognitive declines later in life because
  early emotional stress can lead t o a slow decline in      Policymakers
  neuron communication within the brain, pat-titularly in
  the region associated with learning and memory recall.       Between 28 and 30 pet-cent of the U.S. population has
  (JN. 2005)                                                   a mental health disorder, substance abuse disorder o r
  Nearly 4 percent of boys and more than 6 percent of          both. (USSG. 1999)
  girls have symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder        Untreated and mistreated mental illness costs the
  caused by violence they have endured o r witnessed.          United States $150 billion in lost productivity and $8
  (JCCi? 2003)                                                 billion in crime and welfare expenditures each year.
  Kids who say other students bully them at school are         A 5.5 percent increase in spending by businesses and
  50 percent more lil<ely t o admit they brought weapons       government on mental health treatment could cut
  t o school during the past month than students who've        these costs by half. (CHR 2004; NMHA, 200 I )
  never bullied o r been bullied. (NICHHD, 2003)               Costs associated with the treatment of depression and
  Nearly two-thirds of boys and three-quarters of girls        anxiety disorders alone account for only 5 t o 10
  in juvenile detention centers have a psychiatric             percent of the overall increase in health costs, with the
  disorder. (AGi? Dec. 2002)                                   remainder associated with costs to treatment somatic
                                                               symptoms of the t w o disorders. (JOEM, 2005)

College Students                                               Although the rate of people who have received
                                                               treatment for depression increased by 50 pet-cent
  Seventy-seven percent of the college juniors reported        between 1990 and 2000, the economic burden of the
  feeling depressed either "frequently" o r "occasionally"     disorder t o society increased by only 7 percent, from
  during the past year, compared t o 61 percent who            about $77 billion in 1990 (adjusted for inflation) t o
  I-epol-ted those feelings when they first entered            about $83 billion in 2000. (JCi? 2003)
  college. (UCLA, 2004)
                                                               More than 85 million people have lacked health
  The number of students who rate their emotional              insurance coverage at some point in 2003 and 2004.
  health as either "below average" o r in the "bottom 10       (Families USA, 2004)
  percent" more than doubled (from 6 t o 14 percent)
                                                               One in five American families has at least one member-
  between their freshman and junior years. (UCLA.
                                                               who laclts health insurance coverage, a situation that
                                                               can place the entire family at risk for financial ruin and
  About one-third of college students (32 percent)             poor health. (USCB. 2004)
  report that stress impedes their academic
                                                               Parents in 19 states surrendered custody of a total of
  pel-fot-mance. Fifteen percent report that depression
                                                               neat-ly 13,000 children in 200 I t o get their Itids the
  and anxiety are impediments t o their academic
                                                               mental heath treatment the parents could not afford.
  pel-formance. (ACHA, 2004)
                                                               (GAO, 2003)

                                                                                                     r    mAssoc~ation
    In 2002. 132,353 individuals were hospitalized          Key to Abbriviations
    following suicide attempts; 1 16.639 people were
    treated in hospital emergency departments after         AAGP         American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry
    suicide attempts and released. (CDC, 2004)              AAS          American Association of Suicidology
                                                            ACHA         American College Health Association
    The poor health and premature deaths of people w h o
                                                            AGP          Archives of General Psychiatry
    lack health insurance coverage cost the nation
                                                            AJE          American journal of Epidemiology
    between $65 billion and $130 billion annually. (IOM,
                                                            Alp          American journol of Psychiatry
                                                            APA          American Psychological Association
    Full mental health insurance parity will increase       APF          American Psychiatric Foundation
    insurance premiums by only 0.9 percent t o I.O          BCBS M A Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts
    percent. (APA, 2003)                                    BMJ           British Medical journal
                                                            CDC           U.S. Centers for Disease Control and
    More than 600.000 visits t o hospital emergency
    rooms due t o drug use were recorded in 2000.
                                                            CHP           Center for Health Policy
    ( N IDA, 2003)
                                                            EBRl          Employee Benefits Research lnstitute
m   Alcohol and drug abuse cost society about $245.7        GAO           General Accountability Office
    billion in 1992. O f this amount about 46 percent was   HU            Harvard University
    borne by governments. (NIDA, 2003)                      IOM           Institute of Medicine
                                                            JCCP         journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
                                                            JCP          journol of Clinical Psychiatry
                                                            IN           journol of Neuroscience
                                                            jOEM         journal of Occupational & Environmental
                                                            NAS           Proceedings of the National Academy of
                                                             NEDA         National Eating Disorders Association
                                                             N I C H H D National lnstitute of Children Health and
                                                                          Human Development
                                                             NIDA         National lnstitute of Drug Abuse
                                                             NlMH         National lnstitute of IYental Health
                                                             NMHA         National Mental Health Association
                                                            osu           Ohio State University
                                                             PM           Psychosomatic Medicine journal
                                                            SAM H SA U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health
                                                                          Services Administration
                                                             UA           University of AI-lcansas
                                                             UCLA         University of California, Los Angeles
                                                             UNM          University of N e w Mexico
                                                             USCB         U.S. Census Bureau
                                                             USSG         U.S. Surgeon General