Update

					                                                                                             Climate Change Action Plan

                            Upcoming Events
                     Climate Change and The Rooms
                                                                                             Update
                                                                                              2006

    Until April 23 2007, The Rooms is featuring Sila: Clue to Climate Change. Sila
    is an Inuktitut word for climate. And the Arctic climate is changing. The exhibit    Message from the Minister
    explains the changes in the north and why we should care.                            I am pleased to present the first annual                   Under the previous administration, the
                                                                                         update of the provincial Climate Change                    province was in the process of negotiating
    On Earth Day April 22 2007, The Rooms will be featuring the documentary “An          Action Plan. Since the release of the Action               various cost-shared projects. These have
                                                                                         Plan in 2005, my department has been                       now been stalled or cancelled with the
    Inconvenient Truth” and hosting a discussion on Global Warming. A panel of
                                                                                         working hard to implement the many action                  change in federal policy. It continues to be
    scientists - oceanographer Brad DeYoung, geographer Trevor Bell and biologist Bill   items. Some of our work is outlined below.                 our hope, however, that new partnerships
    Montevecchi - will provide highpoints of what climate change will mean for                                                                      with the federal government will be possible
                                                                                         My staff had the opportunity in December                   on this file.
    Newfoundland and Labrador, as well as answer questions.
                                                                                         2005 to attend the United Nations Climate
                                                                                         Change Conference in Montreal as                           In the meantime, my department will
                                                                                         members of the Canadian delegation. This                   continue to work towards independent
                                                                                         was a major international event that allowed               implementation of the Action Plan.
                                                                                         staff to learn about climate change initiatives
                                                                                         around the world and to share our local                    I welcome feedback on the initiatives
                                                                                         experiences with others.                                   highlighted in this Update as well as any
                                                                                                                                                    ideas for future implementation of the Action
                                                                                         In January 2006, a change in the federal                   Plan.
                                                                                         government led to some setbacks in
                                                                                         implementation our provincial plan.

                                                                                                                                                                                                   Minister




8         Newfoundland and Labrador Climate Change Action Plan Update 2006                                                      Newfoundland and Labrador Climate Change Action Plan Update 2006      1
Award of Contract for Wind Power                                                                                                                      Climate Change and Health Impacts
                                                                                                                                                      Atlantic Conference 2006
Following government's commitment to                                               offset 165,000 barrels of fuel burned                              The Departments of Environment and                        impacts on community health and well-being
renewable energy for the province, the                                             annually at the Holyrood Thermal                                   Conservation and Health and Community                     and the health impacts of climate change on
development of the island's first wind farm                                        Generating Station.                                                Services, in partnership with Memorial                    Aboriginal communities. The interesting line
was announced in October 2006.                                                                                                                        University      of    Newfoundland       and              up of speakers included Dr. Tom Kosatsky of
Newfoundland and Labrador Hydro awarded                                            Newfoundland and Labrador has a world-                             Environment Canada, hosted a two-day con-                 Montreal Public Health, Dr. David Laplante
a contract to NeWind Group Inc. for the                                            class wind resource. At present, the island                        ference on climate change and health                      of the Douglas Hospital Research Centre,
development of 25 megawatts (MW) of wind                                           is isolated from the North American grid and                       impacts on March 23-24, 2006 at the Delta                 Marcia Armstrong, Jacinthe Sequin and
power for the island from the St. Lawrence                                         depends on fossil fuel generation for                              Hotel in St. John's. The conference included              Marielou Verge of Health Canada and Dr.
Wind Project.      The power purchase                                              approximately 25% of its electricity needs.                        sessions and posters on a wide range of top-              Hans-Martin Fuessel of the Potsdam
agreement is completed and the project is                                          The development of wind energy is                                  ics including temperature related morbidity               Institute for Climate Impact Research.
expected to be on stream in late 2008.                                             consistent with Government's strategic                             and mortality, impacts of extreme weather
                                                                                   approach to development of energy                                  events, air pollution related health impacts,             For more information, please go to
The project will be located near St.                                               resources. Government is developing an                             water resources issues, adaptation of health              http://www.gov.nl.ca/env/conference.htm
Lawrence on the Burin Peninsula. It will                                           Energy Plan to guide the development of the                        sector to climate change, socio-economic
involve the installation of 14, 1.8 MW                                             energy sector over the long term.
turbines supplied by Vestas Wind Systems.
The project has the potential to provide
                                                                                              Ramea’s wind power system
                                                                                                                                                      Natural Hazard Mapping and Assessment
annual energy for almost 7000 homes. The
                                                                                             has been in-service since 2004.                          The Department of Environment and                         future climate conditions. The information
energy from this project could potentially
                                                                                                                                                      Conservation provided $40,000 to a group of               gathered from this project will provide a
                                                                                                                                                      researchers at Memorial University of                     comprehensive analysis of climate change
                                                                                                                                                      Newfoundland (MUN) to carry out a compre-                 related natural hazards facing residents. It
       In this Issue                                                                                                                                  hensive assessment of climate change relat-               will also provide for the development of
                                                                                                                                                      ed natural hazards in selected communities                strategies and municipal plans to reduce risk
      • Award of Contract for Wind Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
      • Environmental Science Curriculum Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3                       in the province. Most mapping and assess-                 and vulnerability.
      • Climate Change Research at Parks and                                                                                                          ment to date has concentrated on a single
        Natural Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
      • Climate Change Education in Our Parks and                                                                                                     hazard approach, mapping only one type of
        Reserves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4   hazard - i.e. flood risk or coastal erosion - at
      • Marine Biodiesel Feedstock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4               a time.     Comprehensive mapping and
      • Municipalities Workshops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
      • Vehicle Idle-free Zones at Government Buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6                            assessment which considers the interplay
      • Idling Facts and Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6           between all natural hazards is not available
      • Climate Change and Health Impacts Atlantic Conference 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
      • Natural Hazard Mapping Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7                        for any community in Newfoundland and
      • Upcoming Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8          Labrador. It is precisely this type of assess-
                                                                                                                                                      ment that is vital for reducing risk and effec-           September 2001 Flooding at Symes Bridge on the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Waterford River in St. John’s. Photo courtesy D.
                                                                                                                                                      tive emergency planning under current and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Liverman.


  2           Newfoundland and Labrador Climate Change Action Plan Update 2006                                                                                                               Newfoundland and Labrador Climate Change Action Plan Update 2006   7
Vehicle Idle-free Zones at Government Buildings                                                                                Environmental Science Curriculum Project
Environment and Conservation Minister,
                                                                                                                               The Environmental Science Curriculum                     resource management, policy and research
Clyde Jackman, launched government's                              Phase 1 of the idle-free zone campaign is
                                                                                                                               Project (ESCP) is a unique science part-                 initiatives of the province.
idle-free zone campaign on June 5, 2006 to                        complete with signs placed in front of target-
                                                                                                                               nership between the Department of
encourage motorists to turn off their vehicles                    ted government buildings. Phase 2 will
                                                                                                                               Education and the Department of                          In September 2005, a field test of text mate-
while waiting. This initiative is in partnership                  begin this spring with more signs being
                                                                                                                               Environment and Conservation and nine                    rials was implemented in four schools
with the Department of Transportation and                         installed around provincial buildings, a
                                                                                                                               other federal and provincial partners. The               across the Island. In September 2006, a
Works and the Newfoundland and Labrador                           media campaign and action toward idle-free
                                                                                                                               objective is to develop a new high school                pilot program began in 13 schools across
Lung Association.                                                 zones around schools and hospitals.
                                                                                                                               environmental science curriculum and its                 the province representing 337 students. The
                                                                                                                               resources, specifically a curriculum guide,              pilot units included: Unit 1 - Introduction to
The transportation sector is the single                           The Government of Newfoundland and
                                                                                                                               student textbook and teacher resource                    Environmental Science, Protected Spaces
largest source of greenhouse gas emissions                        Labrador asks all of its employees and visi-
                                                                                                                               package. This resource package will pro-                 and Species; Unit 2 - Land Based Issues
in the province accounting for 38% of total                       tors to respect the idle-free zones by elimi-
                                                                                                                               file current environmental issues, including             (Forestry,     Mining,    Recreation      and
emissions. In addition, vehicle idling con-                       nating unnecessary vehicle idling.
                                                                                                                               climate change, using Newfoundland and                   Agriculture); Unit 3 - Hydrosphere (Fresh
tributes to air pollution, which causes difficul-
                                                                                                                               Labrador case studies. This project will                 water and Marine) and Unit 4 - Atmosphere
ty for children, the elderly and people with
                                                                                                                               enable students and teachers to explore                  (Air Quality and Climate Change). An
respiratory problems, such as asthma,
emphysema and bronchitis.                                                      Idling Facts and Figures                        environmental challenges within                                             important component of
                                                                                                                               a relevant local context. The                                               the pilot was a teacher in-
                                                                     An idling vehicle emits nearly 20 times more air pollu-   project offers insights for devel-                                          service completed last
                                                                     tion than one travelling at 50 km/h.                      oping solutions that are appro-                                             Fall (see inset photo,
                                                                                                                               priate to our own province. The                                             Courtesy of Sharon
                                                                     An idling gasoline vehicle with an average size           partnership approach ensures                                                Porter-Trask).
                                                                     engine uses an estimated 2.2 litres of fuel per hour      that the course content is cur-
                                                                     and an idling diesel truck engine uses about 3 litres     rent and relevant to sustainable
                                                                     of fuel per hour.

                                                                     Vehicle manufacturers report that turning off and
                                                                     starting an engine uses less fuel than letting an         Climate Change Research in Parks and Natural Areas
                                                                     engine run for more than 10 seconds.
                                                                                                                               Dr. Norm Catto of Memorial University of                The impacts of climate change, including
                                                                                                                                                                                       changes to coastlines, river systems, slope
                                                                     Engine wear is greater with prolonged idling than         Newfoundland and the Department of
                                                                                                                                                                                       failures and erosional processes, are out-
    Minister Jackman (centre) chats with John Drover                 during normal operation.                                  Environment and Conservation have part-
    (left), Director of Policy and Planning and Paul                                                                           nered to create a technical report dis-                 lined for each provincial park. A follow-up
    Thomey (right), Director of the Newfoundland and                                                                                                                                   report, including discussion on recommenda-
    Labrador Lung Association. Photo courtesy T.                     Modern vehicles only need 30 seconds of idling at         cussing the impacts of climate change on
                                                                                                                                                                                       tions for future monitoring and research,
    Coffey.                                                          start up even in cold weather. The best way to warm       provincial parks and natural areas. The
                                                                                                                                                                                       along with adaptation and coping strategies,
                                                                     up a vehicle is to drive it!                              department provided the funding neces-
                                                                                                                                                                                       is planned.
                                                                                                                               sary for the compilation of the report.

6           Newfoundland and Labrador Climate Change Action Plan Update 2006                                                                                        Newfoundland and Labrador Climate Change Action Plan Update 2006   3
Climate Change Education in Our Parks and Reserves                                                                                         Municipalities Workshops
Through a partnership between the Policy and Planning Division and the Parks and Natural Areas
Division of the Department of Environment and Conservation, provincial park and reserve
                                                                                                                 Climate change Impacts and Adaptions
interpreters launched the theme of climate change as part of their repertoire of educational kits
                                                                                                                  The Departments of Environment and Conservation and Municipal Affairs, along with the
for provincial parks and reserves.
                                                                                                                  Newfoundland and Labrador Federation of Municipalities, hosted a Climate Change Workshop
                                                                                                                  for Municipalities on December 19, 2005 in St. John's. The goal of the workshop was to educate
The kit, released in August 2006, was a huge success with
                                                                                                                  municipal leaders on the impacts of climate change and the importance of adapting and planning
the travelling public and campers. The kit was designed to
                                                                                                                  now for potential adverse events.
educate about energy efficiency, recycling and other issues
that impact greenhouse gas emissions. It included
                                                                                                                  Speakers addressed: climate change impacts and adaptation strategies necessary for
educational activities to teach people how to lower their
                                                                                                                  communities in Newfoundland and Labrador; the New Brunswick Coastal Protection Policy and
own individual greenhouse gas emissions. This kit will be
                                                                                                                  how it may apply to coastal communities in Newfoundland and Labrador; the Annapolis Royal
updated and added to the program again next year.
                                                                                                                  Tidal Surge Project as a community response to climate change; examples of municipalities
                                                                     Children in Park Interpretation Progra.      using climate change as an economic development mechanism and funding opportunities
                                                                     Photo courtesy of Parks and Natural Areas    available from the Green Municipal Fund (Federation of Canadian Municipalities).

Marine Biodiesel Feedstock
                                                                                                                 Planning for Disasters: Adapting to Climate & Geological Hazards
Biodiesel is a clean-burning renewable fuel                   used in Newfoundland and Labrador. It has          Communities in Newfoundland and Labrador have experienced significant property loss and
made from vegetable oil or animal fats. It                    been demonstrated that marine based                damage from natural disasters. Flooding, ice damming, landslides, and storm surges have all
contains no petroleum and can be used                         biodiesel can be used as a substitute for          taken their toll. Climate change is predicted to increase the frequency and severity of these events.
alone as fuel. Generally, it is blended with                  petroleum diesel.
petroleum diesel. A B5 blend is 5 percent                                                                        The Department of Environment and Conservation and the Newfoundland and Labrador Branch of
biodiesel and with 95 percent petroleum                       The Centre for Aquaculture and Seafood             the Atlantic Planners Institute hosted workshops on disaster avoidance in Steady Brook and St.
diesel. Biodiesel can be used in diesel                       Development (CASD) of the Marine                   John's in Novermber 2006. Speakers from the government, Memorial University of Newfoundland,
engines with no major modifications. It is                    Institute conducted a biodiesel marine             and the Institute for Catastrophic Loss Reduction addressed geological disasters in the province,
easy to use, biodegradable, non-toxic and                     feedstock inventory assessment for                 climate change impacts on municipal infrastructure, provincial land use policy on flood risk,
essentially free of sulphur and aromatics.                    Newfoundland and Labrador. Environment             emergency planning and local government policy-making in emergency management and disaster
                                                              Canada, the Department of Fisheries and            mitigation.
The use of alternative fuels such as                          Aquaculture and the Department of
biodiesel can play an important role in                       Environment and Conservation provided              Workshops participants gained knowledge on minimizing disaster impacts in their community;
reducing greenhouse gas emissions and                         funding for this project. The report is            making informed decisions to reduce vulnerability to natural disasters; planning for long-term
addressing climate change.                                    available at the Marine Institute library.         sustainability in the face of climate and geological hazards; and utilizing proper land use planning
                                                                                                                 and proactive measures to reduce the impacts of similar events in the future.
There is increased interest in converting
marine feedstock into biodiesel fuel to be


       Newfoundland and Labrador Climate Change Action Plan Update 2006                                                                              Newfoundland and Labrador Climate Change Action Plan Update 2006
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