GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF POWER
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF POWER
1. The Performance Budget of the Ministry of Power is intended to highlight the specific
objectives of the Ministry and details of the programmes and activities designed and
implemented in the year, to realise these objectives. It also lays down the achievements
against the targets set for 1995-96 as also the targets and the objectives set for the next
year, vis-a-vis financial outlay provided therefor.
2. Chapter-I gives a brief introductory note on the objectives of the Ministry of Power, the
broad programme classification and the agencies connected with their implementation.
3. Chapter-II gives a review of the overall performance of the Ministry during 1995-96 in
achieving the set objectives and the specified targets and the outlook for the year 1996-97
in terms of broad physical dimensions.
4. Chapter-III gives details of financial outlays under various projects, programmes and
activities and is intended to link up the provisions contained in the Demands for Grants
presented to Parliament with the budget of the Central Government 1997-98.
5. Chapter-IV explains the scope and progress of individual schemes/ programmes being
implemented by the agencies associated with or functioning under the administrative control
of the Ministry.
6. Chapter-V explains the scope and objectives of individual projects, their estimated costs,
reasons for cost escalation wherever necessary, and the year-wise performance details in
terms of financial and physical progress, targetted and achieved. Particulars of capacity
utilisation in relation to the installed capacity and the efficiency and performance indices
evolved have also been indicated.
CHAPTER-I Introduction 1-3
CHAPTER -II General Review and Highlights 4 - 20
CHAPTER - III Annual Plan 1997-98/Financing Pattern and 21 - 23
Consolidated Financial Requirements
CHAPTER - IV Performance of Individual schemes under 24 -107
- Policy Formulation, Direction and Administrition 24
- Technical Control Planning and Monitoring 25
- Technical Examination and Coordination 26
- Survey and Investigation 35
- Power Generation 39
- Power Transmission 46
- Rural Electrification 49
- Power Research and Development 50
- Training 59
- Design & Consultancy 67
- Energy Conservation 68
- Public Sector Undertakings 76-107
CHAPTER - V Appraisal Reports of Major Projects/Programmes 108-129
The Ministry of Power assists in evolving the general policy in the field of Energy. Under the Allocation of
Business Rules, the Ministry is responsible for the following :-
1. General Policy in the field of energy.
2. Research, development, technical assistance and all matters relating to hydroelectric and thermal
power (except mini/micro hydel projects of and below 3 MW capacity and geo-thermal energy).
3. Administration of the Indian Electricity Act, 1910 (9 of 1910).
4. Administration of the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 (54 of 1948).
5. Central Electricity Board.
6. Central Electricity Authority.
7. Power Schemes in Union Territories.
8. Administrative control of the Public Sector Undertakings, Statutory Corporations and
Autonomous Bodies functioning under the Ministry.
The activities of the Ministry are grouped as follows :-
1. Direction and Administration;
2. Technical Control, Co-ordination, Monitoring and Supervision;
3. Survey and Investigation;
4. Power Generation;
5. Power Transmission System;
6. Rural Electrification;
9. Consultancy Services;
10. Energy Policy formulation including Energy Conservation;
11. Administrative Control of Public Sector Undertakings;.
12. Private sector participation in power generation, supply & distribution; and
13. Tariff Policy and Power Tariff Boards.
Ministry of Power is headed by Minister of Power and a Minister of State for Power
assisted by a Secretary and a Special Secretary to the Government of India. The Ministry
is presently organised in six Wings/Divisions viz. (i) Administration and Hydel;
(ii) Thermal; (iii) Investment Promotion ; (iv) Budget & Finance; (v) Policy Planning,
Coordination and Energy Management; (vi) Systems and External Assistance. Each Wing/
Division is headed by an officer of the level of Joint Secretary to the Government of India.
4. In all technical, and economic matters, the Ministry of Power is assisted by the Central
Electricity Authority (CEA), which is in an attached Office constituted under the Electricity
Supply Act,1948. CEA is responsible for technical coordination and supervision of
programmes and is also entrusted with a number of statutory functions. CEA is headed by
a Chairman, who is also Ex-officio Secretary to the Government of India and has six
Members, who are of the rank of Ex-officio Additional Secretaries to the Government of
India. These are - Member (Thermal), Member (Hydro), Member (Economic and
Commercial), Member (Power System), Member (Planning) and Member (Grid and
5. There is one subordinate office Badarpur Management Contract Cell (BMCC) directly
under the Ministry of Power and 16 subordinate offices under the Central Electricity
6. There are three statutory bodies, six public sector undertakings, two joint venture
corporations and three autonomous bodies (societies) under the administrative control of
the Ministry. These are:-
(a) STATUTORY BODIES
1. Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC), Calcutta;
2. Bhakra Beas Management Board (BBMB), Chandigarh; and
3. Beas Construction Board (BCB), Chandigarh
(b) PUBLIC SECTOR UNDERTAKINGS
1. Rural Electrification Corporation (REC), New Delhi;
2. National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), New Delhi;
3. National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC), Faridabad;
4. North-Eastern Electric Power Corporation (NEEPCO), Shillong;
5. Power Finance Corporation (PFC), New Delhi and
6. Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd. (Power Grid), New Delhi.
(c) JOINT VENTURE CORPORATIONS
1. Nathpa Jhakri Power Corporation (NJPC), Shimla and
2. Tehri Hydro Development Corporation (THDC), New Delhi.
(d) AUTONOMOUS BODIES
1. Central Power Research Institute (CPRI), Bangalore;
2. National Power Training Institute (NPTI), Faridabad, and
3. Energy Management Centre (EMC), New Delhi.
2-593 M/o Power/96. 3
CHAPTER - II
GENERAL REVIEW AND HIGHLIGHTS
1. Since “Electricity” stands included in the Concurrent List in 7th schedule of the Constitution
of India, both the Centre and the States have concurrent jurisdiction on the subject. While
the Ministry of Power and the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) are responsible for
formulation of national policies for development of power and for coordination of related
activities and optimum utilisation of the available resources, it is the States/ Union Territories
concerned that carry out the implementation of power development programmes and
supply of power to the ultimate consumers. The efforts of the State Governments in this
regard are supplemented by the Central Government by establishing a number of generation
and transmission projects, which deal with bulk power.
2. 8TH PLAN OUTLAY/CAPACITY ADDITION
2.01 The 8th five year Plan has provided for a capacity addition target of 30,538 MW with the
following break-up :-
(i) Central Sector (inclusive of Nuclear Power
Corporation and Neyveli Lignite Corporation) : 12,858 MW
(ii) State-Sector (inclusive of 2810 MW : 17,680 MW
in Private Sector)
Total 30,538 MW
PLAN OUTLAY FOR 8TH FIVE YEAR PLAN
2.02 The total 8th Plan Outlay for Power Sector approved by National Development Council
is as under :
(Rs. in crores)
CENTRAL STATE TOTAL
31181.58* 48407.74 79589.32
* Inclusive of NLC.
Discipline-wise break-up of 8th Plan outlay is as follows:-
(Rs. in crores)
Total Outlay 79589
2.03 Break-up of the outlay for Ministry of Power for the VIII Plan is as under :
(Rs. in crores)
INTERNAL & EXTRA GROSS BUDGETARY SUPPORT TOTAL
RESOURCES EXT. ASSTT. NET BUDGETARY OUTLAY
(IEBR) TH. BUDGET SUPPORT
17,979 5441 2500 25,920
2.04 CENTRAL PLAN ALLOCATION OF THE MINISTRY OF POWER FOR
B.E. & R.E. 1996-97 AND B.E. 1997-98 IS AS UNDER
(Rs. in Crores)
INTERNAL & EXTRA GROSS BUDGETARY SUPPORT TOTAL
RESOURCES EXT. ASSTT. NET BUD. PLAN OUTLAY
(IEBR) TH. BUD. SUPPORT
1996-97 4565.49 1505.30 719.51 6790.00
1996-97 3440.36 1459.61 761.03 5661.00
1997-98 4497.31 1425.54 1020.00 6942.85
2.05 ACHIEVEMENTS IN CAPACITY ADDITION
Against the target of 30,538 MW capacity addition during the 8th Plan, the actual
achievement during the first four years has been 14799 MW representing 48.5% of the
Plan target. The capacity addition target for 1996-97 is 2868.5 MW. Accordingly the
actual addition in the first four years and the likely addition during the terminal year of the
8th Plan indicate that the capacity addition during the Eighth Plan is likely to be only 17668
MW i.e. 58% of the 8th Plan targets. The details are given below :-
(In Mega Watt)
8th Plan 1992-93 1993-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 8th Plan
Target Actual Actual Actual Actual Target Likely
Centre 12858 2475 2340 1532 987 818 8152
States/UTs 14870 1044 2079 2357 807 1276 7563
Private 2810 18 120 710 330 775 1953
Total 30538 3537 4539 4599 2124 2869 17668
2.06 The Modewise Target and likely achievement for Capacity Addition during the 8th Plan
period (sectorwise & typewise) is summarised below:
(In Mega Watt)
Type Eighth Plan Target Likely achievement
CS SS PS Total CS SS PS Total
Hydro 3260 5860 162 9282 1345 1089 168 2602
(41) (19) (104) (28)
Thermal 8499 9009 2648 20156 6367 6474 1785 14626
(75) (72) (67) (73)
Nuclear 1100 - - 1100 440 - - 440
Total 12859 14869 2810 30538 8152 7563 1953 17668
(64) (52) (70) (58)
CS - Central Sector, SS - State Sector, PS - Private Sector.
Figures in brackets indicate % achievements.
It may be observed that an overall achievement is likely to be only 58%. While Central
Sector has performed relatively better by achieving 64% of the target for the Plan, the
achievement in State Sector has been only 52%. The major cause of concern is that
capacity addition envisaged from Hydel scheme has been only 28% of the target.
2.07 Major reasons for shortfall in achieving 8th Plan capacity addition targets
One of the major reasons for the significant shortfall has been the slow execution of hydro
schemes for various reasons. The important hydel schemes, both in Central Sector and
State Sector such as Dulhasti, Tehri, Rangit, Ranganadi, Sardar Sarovar, Thein Dam,
Srisailam, Koyna could not be completed for reasons as varied as delay in award of
contract of R&R problems and stay order by courts and law and order problems in North
East and Kashmir. Another important reason for slippages, particularly in the thermal
projects, has been that the States saw the announcement of Policy for Private Participation
in 1991 as an opportunity to cutback on their involvement in generation projects. As a
result many projects that were scheduled for commissioning through the State sector
resources were transferred to the private sector. The change in executing agency involved
change in DPRs for which necessary clearances were to be sought afresh. In August,
1995, CEA had assessed that the capacity to the extent of 9982 MW may not be available
due to shift in implementation of some of the projects from central sector and state sector
to the private sector and changes in the gas based units.
2.08 Targetted capacity addition and likely achievement during 1996-97 upto January,
1997 is as under:
(In Mega Watt)
Type Target for 1996-97 Actual achievement upto Jan. 97
CS SS PS Total CS SS PS Total
Hydro 460.00 375.00 - 835.00 410.00 15.50 - 425.50
Thermal 357.50 901.00 775.00 2033.50 33.50 210.00 205.40 448.90
Total 817.50 1276.00 775.00 2868.50 443.50 225.50 205.40 874.40
CS - Central Sector, SS - State Sector, PS - Private Sector.
2.09 PROGRAMME OF ADDITIONS TO GENERATING CAPACITY DURING
For the year 1997-98, a provisional target of 3005 MW has been envisaged as per
details given below:
(In Mega Watts)
Type Central State Private Total
Hydro 195.00 425.00 0.00 620.00
Thermal 363.00 1620.00 402.00 2385.00
All India 558.00 2045.00 402.00 3005.00
3. GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY DURING 1995-96
3.01 The generation programme for 1995-96 has been fixed at 377150 MUs consisting of
297000 MUs thermal, 7850 MUs nuclear and 72300 MUs hydro electricity. The gen-
eration programme in 1995-96 envisages an increase of about 7.4% over the actual gen-
eration during 1994-95. Energy generation achieved during April, 1995 to March,1996
as compared to the targetted programme is given below :
(In Million Units)
Type of April 1995 to March 1996 % of the
Generation Target Actual Programme
Thermal 297000 299606 100.8
Hydro 72300 72513 100.1
Nuclear 7850 7965 100.9
TOTAL 377150 380084 100.7
3.02 GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY DURING 1996-97 AND 1997-98
The generation programme for 1996-97 was fixed at 400000 MUs consisting of 317000
MUs thermal, 7950 MUs nuclear and 75050 MUs hydro electricity. The generation
programme in 1996-97 envisages an increase of about 5.3% over the actual generation
during 1995-96. Energy generation achieved during April, 1996 to December,1996 as
compared to the targetted programme and generation target for 1997-98 are as per de-
tails given below :-
(In Million Units)
Type of April, 96 to Jan., 97 % of the Programme
Generation Programme 1997-98
Programme Programme Actual
Thermal 317000 259998 259979 100 339300
Hydro 75050 64286 59214 92.1 76700
Nuclear 7950 6410 7226 112.7 8500
Total 400000 330694 326419 98.7 424500
4.0 CENTRAL TRANSMISSION DURING 1995-96, 1996-97 & 1997-98
4.01 PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE DURING 1995-96
POWERGRID operates a total of 27,244 circuit Kms transmission lines consisting of
19,902 Ckms of 400 kv, 4946 Ckms of 220 kv, 766 Ckms of 132 kv and 1630 Ckms of
HVDC system distributed over 53 sub-stations with 22,748 MVA transformation
capacity. The overall average availability of transmission lines during the year 1995-96
was 98.29% comparable with international standards.
POWERGRID has commissioned 1,669 Ckms of 400,220 and 132 KV transmission
lines along with 1,575 MVA of transformation capacity. Major projects commissioned
during 1995-96 include Mariani-Misa, Trichy - Madurai, Gandhar - Dehgam, Talcher-
Rourkela of 400 kv and Dimapur-Misa of 220 kv transmission system. Further, 400 KV
Kathalguri-Misa line was successfully test charged at 220 KV level.
Construction Performance :-
Total stringing during the year was 1753 Ckt Kms of transmission lines surpassing the
target of 1700 Ckt Kms and installed five transformers of 315 MVA each. Presently,
about 12,333 Ckms of transmission lines with voltage levels varying from 132 KV to 800
KV and 25 Sub-stations including bays, are under construction which are expected to be
completed progressively during the next 5 years to match with the commissioning of
During the year the Gross Turnover owing to wheeling and Sale of Electric Power purchased
from Chukha increased from Rs. 796.33 Crores in the year 1994-95 to Rs.968.55 Crores
registering an increase of 21.63%. During the year, realisation from debtors was Rs. 870.75
Crores and works out to 89.9% of the billed amount of Rs.968.55 Crores. Out of the
total amount of bills outstanding of Rs. 252.84 Crores, Rs.178.20 Crores were due to
non-availability of notification of tariff. However, on 14th June, 1996 tariff notification for
an amount of Rs. 105.69 Crores has been issued against outstanding of Rs. 178.20 Crores.
Similarly, umpires appointed for the northern region and eastern region have also given
their award in respect of disputes raised by SEBs in the month of May, 1996. Since, these
notifications decisions have been declared after the financial closure of Powergrid accounts,
the position of debts outstanding for the year 1995-96 remains unaffected.
4.02 PHYSICAL TARGETS FOR 1996-97
Indicated below are the Transmission lines and sub-stations/ transformers which were expected to be
completed during 1996-97 and achievements against each of these as on 31/12/1996:
Target for commissioning Achievement upto December,1996
A. Transmission Lines
1. Gandhar- Gandhar 400 KV S/C Completed
2. Uri - Wagoora 400 KV D/C Completed
3. Agartala - Agartala 132 KV D/C Completed
Target for commissioning Achievement upto December,1996
4. Gandhar - Padge 400 KV S/C Due to delay in obtaining forest clearance,
this line is now expected to be completed
5. Bawana - Hissar 400 KV D/C Completed
6. Hissar - Jaipur 400 KV S/C Completed
7. Chamera - Kishanpur 400 KV S/C Will be completed by March, 1997.
8. Doyang - Dimapur 132 KV D/C -do-
9. Dimapur- Misa 132 KV D/C Completed
1. Wagoora 400/220 KV Completed
2. Misa 400/220 KV Completed
3. Bawana 400/220 KV This is expected to be completed in the
next financial year
4. Kishenpur 400/220 KV Will be completed by March, 1997.
4.03 PHYSICAL TARGETS FOR 1997-98
While fixing the targets for 1997-98, it has been decided that the targets will be fixed
project-wise and not transmission line/sub-station wise so as to ensure that benefits of the
complete system are available. Accordingly during 1997-98, Vindhyachal-I Addl.
Transmission system and HVDC (2x500 MW) B/B at Chandrapur are targetted for
5.0 CENTRAL ELECTRICITY AUTHORITY
5.1. Central Electricity Authority (CEA), a statutory organisation constituted under Section
3(i) of Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 has played an important role in formulating policies
and programmes for power development in the country and in planning and coordinating
the various development activities in the Power Sector. CEA has been carrying out detailed
system planning studies with a view to identifying the generating capacity additions and
transmission system requirements in the short and long term time-frame. Such studies
continued in the year 1996-97. As part of is planning activities, CEA conducts detailed
power surveys on a regular basis. CEA has also been carrying out close monitoring of the
construction of generation and transmission projects to ensure timely completion by
identifying bottlenecks and problem areas and initiation of remedial measures/actions.
3-593 M/o Power/96. 11
5.2 In order to improve the performance level of power stations, CEA has been monitoring
the operation of the power stations and rendering assistance in solving the operation and
maintenance problems. CEA has also been laying stress on Renovation and Modernisation
of power stations with a view to improving their performance and extend life cycle. CEA
ensures the timely clearance of these schemes besides overall coordination and monitoring
of the physical and financial progress of the schemes. Energy Audit studies for reduction
of secondary fuel oil consumption of selected TPSs for improving their efficiency have
also been taken up.
5.3. CEA has been playing the lead role in promoting integrated operation and regional grid
systems and the evolution of a National Grid. The Regional Load Despatch Centres
operated by CEA continued to coordinate the regional grid operations and monitor in real
time the security of the Grid and delivery of shares from the Central Sector Stations to
beneficiary systems. RLDC’s have been transferred to the Powergrid Corporation, in
phases towards the goal of achieving a National Grid.
5.4. Over the years, CEA has developed a strong base of expertise in hydro, thermal and
power system disciplines. Its expertise continued to make significant contributions to a
number of professional forums in India as well as abroad like Conference International
Des Grands Research Electriques (CIGRE), Bureau of Indian Standard (BIS), Central
Board of Irrigation and Power (CBI&P) etc. CEA engineers continued to render
consultancy services in the planning and design of hydel, thermal and transmission projects.
6.0 OVERVIEW OF FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF CPSUs
6.01 Certain data relating to the audited final accounts for the year 1995-96 in respect of the
PSU’s under Ministry of Power are indicated in the table at para 6.03. It would be seen
that NTPC has declared a profit (after tax) of Rs. 1352.61 Crores while Power Grid has
declared a profit of Rs.275.95 crores. Other profit-making undertakings are PFC, with a
profit of Rs.211.09 crores, NHPC with profit of Rs.77.37 crores and NEEPCO with a
profit of Rs.25.88 crores and REC with a profit of Rs. 19.87 crores.
6.02 It is to be mentioned that the profit of NTPC works out to about 16.21% of the total sales
while in the case of Power Grid it comes to 28.05% of the turn-over and in the case of
NHPC, the profit works out to around 15.20 % of the sales turn-over. The profit of PFC
works out to be 38.25% of the annual turn-over.
FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE DETAILS OF PSU’S TILL THE END OF 31.3.1996 (1995-96)
6.03 (Rs. in crores)
Sl. No. Points N.T.P.C. N.H.P.C. NEEPCO. P.F.C. R.E.C. POWERGRID DVC
1. Authorised Share Capital 8000.00 2500.00 1500.00 2000.00 600.00 5000.00 214.72
2. Paid up Capital 7334.96 2293.44 1317.30 1030.45 534.60 2992.24 214.72
3. Reserves and surplus 7495.45 544.29 121.77 846.82 528.59 1285.01 783.11
4. Outstanding loan 10251.36 4817.59 897.51 2974.02 6628.97 3899.62 1169.68
5. Energy generated (MUs.) 93155.00 6141.00 1043.28 N.A. N.A. N.A 6830.00
6. Total sales/Turnover 8387.08 509.13 92.51 551.76 N.A. 983.58 1088.46
7. Gross profit before Tax, 1352.73 428.29 66.44 521.50 553.00 794.57 309.21
depreciation and interest
8. Net profit after 1352.73 77.37 25.88 286.11 19.87 275.95 30.25
9. Income tax provision 0.12 NIL NIL 75.02 NIL NIL NIL
10. Profit after tax 1352.61 73.37 25.88 211.09 19.87 275.95 30.25
11. Appropriation of profit :-
(a) Dividend (Rs./Crs) 195.00 15.00 NIL 40.00 NIL 10.00 -
(b) General reserve 1000.00 NIL 25.90 0.05 0.00 190.00 -
(c) Statutory reserve NIL NIL - 123.04 7.95 NIL -
(d) Bond Redemption reserve 167.37 62.37 - 48.00 - 72.00 -
(e) Capital Reserve NIL NIL 0.00 NIL NIL - -
(f) Others 95.90 - - - 45.29 2.00 30.25
Total 1458.27 77.37 25.90 211.09 NIL 274.00 30.25
Carried over Balance Sheet 86.14 64.88 0.08 NIL (-) 33.37 9.21 -
Sl. No. Points N.T.P.C. N.H.P.C. NEEPCO. P.F.C. R.E.C. POWERGRID DVC
12. Gross profit to Sales ratio 0.39: 1 1:1.29 1:0.72 N.A. N.A. 1:1.24 1:38.70
13. Net profit to Sales ratio 0.18: 1 1:5.12 1:0.28 N.A. N.A. 1: 3.36 1:13.15
14. Average Cost of 74.56 0.58 65.92 N.A. N.A. N.A. 139.29
generation per unit Paise/Kwh Paise Paise Paise/Kwh
of Energy sent out
15. Average cost of 89. 15 0.88 1.03 N.A. N.A. N.A. 146.05
sales/unit Paise/Kwh Paise Paise Paise/Kwh
16. Net worth 11137.87 3426.01 1425.48 1821.24 1029.82 3745.01 907.00
17. Debt-equity ratio 1.29: 1 1.34: 1 0.62: 1 1.63:1 6.02 :1 0.91:1 1.17: 1
7.0 INTER-STATE TRANSMISSION LINES
7.01 For the construction of inter-state transmission lines, 100 percent loan assistance is being
provided to the states under a Centrally Sponsored Programme. The responsibility of
execution of such lines and the associated terminal bays rests with the concerned states in
respect of the portion of the works falling in their territory. Out of a total number of 55
inter-state transmission lines sanctioned under this programme, 52 transmission lines
aggregating to over 7000 Ckt. Kms. have been completed upto March, 95. The remaining
lines under execution are Tenughat - Bokaro 220 KV line (42 CKms), Mariani -
Mokokchung 132 KV (50 Ckms) and Umiam - Umtru Stage IV, Guwahati 132 KV lines.
Balance works on the above lines would continue during 1997-98. A sum of Rs. 348.99
crores has been realeased as loan assistance to States for the construction of inter-state
transmission lines during the period from 1969 to 1996. An outlay of Rs. 5.50 crores has
been made in the budget for 1996-97 and the entire amount is expected to be released to
the State Governments during 1996-97. An outlay of Rs. 1.70 crores has been made in
BE 1997-98 for the programme.
8.0 H.V.D.C. TECHNOLOGY
8.01 A new technology of High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) Transmission has been
introduced in the country recently with the commissioning of two such systems which are
mentioned below. An experimental HVDC project taken up by BHEL between lower
Sileru in Andhra Pradesh and Barsur in Madhya Pradesh for the conversion of the existing
220 KV Double Circuit transmission lines into a direct current link was first successfully
commissioned during the year 1989-90. A 2 x 250 MW HVDC back-to-back station
has been constructed during 1990-91 to interconnect the Northern and Western Regional
Power Systems synchronously at Vindhyachal STPP. A 1500 MW Bipole HVDC
transmission system for transmitting power from Rihand Super Thermal Power Station to
Dadri (near Delhi) has been constructed to evacuate Power from the Rihand-Singrauli
8.02 The second stage of uprating the link to 200 MW at + 200 KV was approved in
September,93 at a cost of Rs.103.98 Crores (since revised to Rs. 95.40 crores). The
works are in progress. The second stage is likely to be completed by 1997. The third
stage which envisages addition of another pole to convert the monopole DC system to a
bipole operation with voltage level of +/- 200 KV DC and power transfer level of 400
MW, will be taken after completion.
9.0 RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT
9.01 The primary institution for Research & Development in the Power Sector is the Central
Power Research Institute (CPRI), Bangalore set up in 1960 which functions as a National
Laboratory for applied research in electrical power engineering.
9.02 The CPRI has been equipped with a number of facilities and installations, some of which
are not available any where else in the country. The institute is fully geared to take up
research and development problems of National importance in the area of electrical power
engineering. The CPRI has taken up a number of projects during the 8th Five year Plan.
2500 MVA Short Circuit Generator along with Synthetic Testing facility at Bangalore was
commissioned in December, 1992 and regular commercial tests are being carried out at
this station. The UHV Research Laboratory at Hyderabad and the Regional Testing
Laboratory at Muradnagar (UP) were commissioned and commercial tests are being carried
out to cater to the testing needs of manufacturers. Energy Research Centre at
Thiruvananthapuram has also been commissioned and became operational. The 2nd short
circuit alternator for STDS, Bhopal has been commissioned during the month of July,
9.03 The Institute continued its efforts in the area of research by successfully completing six
projects upto the end of Nov.96 out of the total 73 ongoing and new projects. The R & D
efforts resulted in development of new equipment and process and application Softwares
under some of the new test added during the year are :
Some of the new test facilities added during the year are:
- Impunity current generator for testing Zinc Oxide lightning arresters upto 100 KV.
- New Pollution Laboratory.
- Impunities dielectric tests on all electrical equipments upto 3 MV, 150 KJ.
- Ion migration test facility.
- Multi product calibration system for all electrical measuring instruments.
- Refrigerator and temperature bath test facility.
- All tests on Energy meters.
9.04 CPRI has earned a revenue of Rs.1370 lakhs during 1995-96 representing an increase of
25.03% over the revenue earned during 1994-95 on account of its increased testing and
consultancy services. Anticipated revenue earnings for the Institute for the year 1996-97
is Rs. 1625 lakhs.
9.05 In the BE 1997-98, a provision of Rs. 24 crores has been provided as grant-in-aid by the
Government for meeting the cost of different capital activities being undertaken by the
10.01 Six training institutes have been set up to cater to the necessary requirement of trained
personnel for operation and maintenance of sophisticated equipment at thermal power
stations and transmission system. These are :
- National Power Training Institute (NPTI), Faridabad
- Hot Line Training Centre, (HLTC), Bangalore.
- Power System Training Institute, (PSTI), Bangalore.
The National Power Training Institute, Faridabad, set up by Govt. of India is a National
Apex Body in Human Resource Development in Power Sector. This Institute was set up
by upgradation of erstwhile Power Engineering Training Society (PETS) w.e.f. 1st April,
93. The Institute operates on all India basis through its four regional power training Institutes
at Neyveli (TN), Durgapur (WB), Badarpur (New Delhi) and Nagpur (Maharashtra).
The number of persons trained in the various courses conducted by the Institute during
96-97 upto October, 1996 is as under :
Sl. No. Courses No. of persons trained
i) Long-term Courses for Engineers 141
Long-term courses for Operators 23
Long-term Courses for Technicians 390
ii) Short-term courses for Engineers 140
Short-term course for Operator/
iii) On-job/on-site Courses 202
iv) Simulator Courses 54
The details of the training courses, necessary costs and plan allocations are given in
11.0 CENTRAL ELECTRICITY REGULATORY COMMISSION (CERC)
11.1 Keeping in view the need for establishment of an independent expert body to examine the
electricity cost structure in different states and to recommend the basis to be adopted for
fixing electricity tariff to achieve the much needed transparency, Central Government had
decided in principle, to set up a National Power Tariff Board, with all-India jurisdiction
and five Regional Power Tariff Boards to be located at Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Calcutta
and Shillong and a Resolution to this effect was published in Govt. of India Gazette on
20.7.1992. The issue of setting up of Regulatory commissions was deliberated upon in the
Chief Ministers Conference on Power (Held on 16.10.96 and 3.12.96) and based upon
deliberations it has now been decided that Central Electricity Regulatory Commission and
State Electricity Regulatory Commission would be set up.
12.0 RURAL ELECTRIFICATION
12.01 With nearly 85% of lndia’s population living in 5.79 lakh villages in the country, electrification
is one of the main infrastructural needs for the uplift of the rural masses by means of
establishment of industries and improved agricultural production. Upto 31st March, 1996,
a total number of 5.01 lakh villages (86.3%) have been electrified, and about 111.04 lakh
agricultural pumpsets have been energised. During the period 1.4.1996 to 31.12.1996,
another block of 940 villages have been electrified and 2,61,314 pumpsets energised.
With this, by the end of December, 1996 a total of about 5.02 lakh villages have been
electrified and 113.36 lakh irrigation pumpsets energised. Details of Statewise progress
of electrification of villages and energisation of pumpsets during the year against the target
under REC schemes and total achievement upto December, 1996 has been given in
Annexure I & II.
12.02 The Kutir Jyoti Scheme, launched in 1988-89 for extending single point light connections
to the household of the rural poor below poverty line, including Harijans & Adivasis, is an
important programme under rural electrification. A provision of Rs.25 crores for release
of 6.25 Lakh single light connections has been made during the year 1996-97 under the
Details of the scheme has been given in chapter IV. Statewise physical targets and
achievements during the year 1996-97 is given in Annexure-III.
13.0 PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION IN POWER DEVELOPMENT
13.01 The response to Govt. of India policy has been encouraging. As on 31.12.96 interest has
been expressed in putting up more than 124 power projects (requiring CEA clearance)
for total capacity 67281 MW involving an investment of about Rs.246472 crores. About
60 Power Projects have been considered for approval from foreign investment angle and
out of these 26 projects costing approx. Rs. 54807 crores for a capacity of 12706 MW
have been cleared.
13.02 New Policy initiative regarding extension of power projects in the private sector
While competitive bidding for award of power projects has been made mandatory from
18.2.95 in the case of extension schemes of private power projects, it has been recognised
in order to have the benefits of the already existing infrastructure facilities which results in
reduced project cost it would be preferable for the same project developer to allow to
undertake the expansion project rather than to undergo bidding process. The states have
accordingly been advised to encourage such expansion plans by Independent power
13.03 Guidelines for private sector participation in R&M
Even though the present policy does not preclude private sector participation in R&M, the
response is not encouraging. A need was felt to develop detailed guidelines for encouraging
private sector participation in the power sector. As such Ministry of Power based on
discussions with SEBs and State Govts. formulated a detailed policy framework in R&M.
The policy gives various options available for permitting R&M programmes and while
deciding on the available options the policy emphasises on competitive bidding. It has
been decided that R&M schemes costing upto Rs.500 crores need not be submitted to
CEA for approval.
13.04 Captive / Co-Generation
A resolution for promotion of Co-generation has been issued in November 1996. The
resolution gives details about the definition of Co-generation, mode of fixation of tariff and
mode of deciding Co-generating status in the power plants.
It has also been decided to promote setting up of captive power plants fully dedicated to
an industry or group of industries by an independent power Co. (3rd party) without going
in for competitive bidding for selection of the IPP.
13.05 ELECTRICITY REGULATORY COMMISSION BILL 1997
The draft Electricity Regulatory Commission Bill proposes that the Central Govt. would
set up a Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC). Its functions, inter-alia would
be setting up of Bulk Tariff, regulating the activities of the units and undertakings owned or
controlled by the Central Govt., issues of licences in regard to generation, transmission,
distribution and supply of electricity regulate inter-alia transmission of electricity, promote
competitiveness, efficiency, economy and safety in the activities of the electricity industry,
arbitrate and adjudicate upon all disputes between the units of Central Govt. undertakings
and act as an appellate authority against decisions of the State Commission if so provided
in the notifications issued by the appropriate State Govt.
The draft bill also proposes that State Electricity Regulatory Commission (SERC) would
be set up in each state/UT as stipulated in the common minimum National Action Plan for
Power. The State Commission would function as a Civil Court under the court of Civil
Procedure. To start with its main functions would be tariff fixation.
4-593 M/o Power/96 19
14. COMMON MINIMUM NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR POWER
Following the Chief Ministers meeting on 16th October and 3rd December, 1996 to
discuss and delibrate upon the issues pertaining to the power sector in consultation with
states to provide a new regulatory structure by setting up independent national and state
level Regulatory Commission. A Common Minimum National Action Plan For Power
has been formulated. The salient features of the Minimum Common National Action Plan
1. To set up a Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC)
2. To set up an independent Regulatory Commission in each state and in interrgnum to
revise and rationalise the tariff structure for all categories of consumers including
Agriculture and to ensure SEBs become viable.
3. To initiate the process of private sector participation in distribution.
4. The Central Government would make a comprehensive review of the role of CEA.
Techno-economic approval of competitively bid power projects will be simplified
and CEA shall not be concerned with capacity cost, tariff and other commercial
aspects of the Project. Power regarding approval of projects shall stand delegated
to the states in respect of power projects upto 250 MW. However, for projects
above 250 MW, CEA appraisal would continue in respect of planning and other
5. States will allow maximum possible autonomy to the SEBs. The SEBs would be
restructured, corporatised and run on commercial basis.
6. Renovation and Modernisation of existing power plants shall be done in a time-
7. Compulsory metering of sub stations and all major feeders would be introduced.
8. Compulsory metering of all new electric connections as also connection to Agriculture
sector execeeding 10 HP will be undertaken and completed in 2 years. All electric
supplies would be metered by 2002 AD.
9. State Govts. would encourage co-generation/captive power plants.
10. A National policy on Hydro Power Development will be evolved by the Central
11. Due emphasis would be given for investment in North Eastern Region.
12. Development of Mega Power Projects at Minepit Heads both in the public and
private sectors with transmission facilities for evacuation of power to other regional
/ states would be encouraged.
CHAPTER - III
ANNUAL PLAN 1997-98 AND FINANCING PATTERN
The PSUs wise break-up of the of outlay for Annual Plan 1997-98 is given below:-
Sl. ORGANISATION/ INTERNAL & EXTRA BUDGETARY RESOURCES (IEBR) GROSS BUDGETARY SUPPORT T O TA L
No. SCHEMES INTERNAL BONDS/ ECB/ OTHERS T O TA L EXT.ASST. DOMESTIC T O TA L PLAN
RESOURCES DEBENTURES SUPPLIER (IEBR) THROUGH BUDGETARY (GBS) OUTLAY
CREDIT BUDGET SUPPORT 1997-98
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
A. CENTRAL PLAN
1. National Thermal Power Corporation 505.33 150.00 1294.52 0.00 1949.85 172.75 0.00 172.75 2122.60
2. National Hydro Power Corporation 0.00 520.85 137.50 0.00 658.35 0.00 240.00 240.00 898.35
3. Power Grid Corporation 270.74 450.00 519.00 57.40 1297.14 303.41 0.00 303.41 1600.55
4. Damodar Valley Corporation 0.00 230.00 0.00 0.00 230.00 20.00 20.00 40.00 270.00
5. Tehri Hydro Development Corporation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 225.00 225.00 225.00
6. Nathpa Jhakri Power Corporation 0.00 0.00 348.00 0.00 348.00 260.00 352.00 612.00 960.00
7. Power Finance Corporation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 550.00 0.00 550.00 550.00
8. North Eastern Electric Power Corporation 0.00 0.00 13.97 0.00 13.97 83.00 64.01 147.01 160.98
9. Rural Electrification Corporation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 30.00 0.00 30.00 30.00
1 0 . Other Schemes 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.38 118.99 125.37 125.37
TOTAL CENTRAL PLAN 776.07 1350.85 2312.99 57.40 4497.31 1425.54 1020.00 2445.54 6942.85
B. STATE PLAN
1 1 . Rural Electrification Corporation 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 348.00 0.00 348.00 348.00
GRAND TOTAL BE 1992-93 776.07 1350.85 2312.99 57.40 4497.31 1773.54 1020.00 2793.54 7290.85
DETAILS OF OTHER SCHEMES
(Rs. in Crores)
Sl. ORGANISATIONS/SCHEME Gross Budget Support 1997-98
No. E.A.B. N.B.S. TOTAL
1. Central Power Research Institute 0.00 24.00 24.00
2. Sardar Sarovar Project 0.00 20.00 20.00
3. Central Electricity Authority 6.38 7.83 14.21
4. Kutirjyoti Programme 0.00 25.00 25.00
5. Energy Conservation 0.00 5.45 5.45
6. Energy Management Centre 0.00 0.55 0.55
7. Inter-State Transmission Lines 0.00 1.70 1.70
8. R & M of Thermal Power Stations 0.00 5.00 5.00
9. National Power Training Institute 0.00 11.86 11.86
10. Central Board of Irrigation and Power 0.00 0.50 0.50
11. Incentive to SEBs and PSUs
for Better Performance of TPS 0.00 1.00 1.00
12. Management Studies of SEB’s 0.00 0.25 0.25
13. National H.V.D.C. Project 0.00 4.50 4.50
14. Badarpur Thermal Power Project 0.00 11.35 11.35
TOTAL 6.38 118.99 125.37
CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL REQUIREMENTS
The financial requirements (Gross Budget Support) for the various programmes of the Ministry of Power for 1997-98 as also the Actuals for 1995-96, the Budget Estimates 1996-97 and
Revised Estimates 1996-97 are given below :
(Rupees in Lakhs)
SL No. Name of the Scheme ACTUALS1995-96 BUDGET ESTIMATES 1996-97 REVISED ESTIMATES 1996-97 BUDGET ESTIMATES 1997-98
Plan Non-Plan Total Plan Non-Plan Total Plan Non-Plan Total Plan Non-Plan Total
I. POLICY FORMULATION, 0.00 386.09 386.09 0.00 352.00 352.00 0.00 391.00 391.00 0.00 395.00 395.00
DIRECTION & ADMINISTRATION
II. TECHNICAL CONTROL, 220.86 1027.47 1248.33 393.50 990.56 1394.06 367.80 1113.31 1481.11 685.00 1089.34 1774.34
COORDINATION & SUPERVISION
III. SURVEY & INVESTIGATION 15.85 50.67 66.52 4.00 54.00 58.00 3.89 61.95 65.84 20.00 63.43 83.43
IV. POWER GENERATION 140583.02 39396.11 179979.13 117922.00 43000.00 160922.00 119927.00 50000.00 169927.00 147411.00 43000.00 190411.00
V. POWER TRANSMISSION 33492.31 0.00 33492.31 33509.75 0.00 33509.75 33499.26 0.00 33499.26 31002.00 0.00 31002.00
VI. RURAL ELECTRIFICATION 37798.49 0.00 37798.49 42300.00 0.00 42300.00 39800.00 0.00 39800.00 40300.00 0.00 40300.00
VII. POWER RESEARCH
& DEVELOPMENT 7001.85 0.24 7002.09 4423.00 0.24 4423.24 4992.00 0.24 4992.24 2900.00 0.24 2900.24
VIII. TRAINING 1069.65 313.32 1382.97 2330.75 324.40 2655.15 2278.05 327.34 2605.39 1381.00 313.23 1694.23
IX. CONSULTANCY 0.00 385.75 385.75 0.00 381.80 381.80 0.00 496.16 496.16 0.00 487.76 487.76
X. ENERGY POLICY 1263.01 0.00 1263.01 1398.00 0.00 1398.00 996.00 0.00 996.00 655.00 0.00 655.00
XI. POWER FINANCE
CORPORATION 30000.00 0.00 30000.00 55000.00 0.00 55000.00 55000.00 0.00 55000.00 55000.00 0.00 55000.00
GRAND TOTAL 251445.04 41559.65 293004.69 257281.00 45103.00 302384.00 256864.00 52390.00 309254.00 279354.00 45349.00 324703.00
CHAPTER - IV
PERFORMANCE OF INDIVIDUAL SCHEMES
UNDER EACH PROGRAMME
1.0 POLICY FORMULATION, DIRECTION AND ADMINISTRATION
1.1 The Ministry of Power deals, inter-alia, with matters relating to the Indian Electricity Act,
1910, Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948, legislation regarding electricity and power
programmes, rural electrification, State Electricity Boards, Central Sector Power projects,
inter-state transmission of power, training of power sector personnel and research in the
power sector. It also oversees the performance of eight Public Sector Undertakings under
its administrative control, apart from three autonomous bodies and functions (other than
irrigation) of Bhakra Beas Management Board (BBMB) and Damodar Valley Corporation
(DVC). The Ministry plans and monitors the capacity addition programmes entrusted to
these Corporations as also monitors the overall generation of electricity by the Central
Sector Units. The autonomous bodies supplement the efforts through R&D, training, and
energy conservation measures which are also funded, co-ordinated and regulated by the
Ministry. The Ministry has introduced a scheme for private Sector participation in power
sector for generation, supply and distribution of electrical energy. Matters relating to
exemption from taxes on electricity falling under Article 287 of the Constitution of India
and those relating to “exemption from taxation by States in respect of electricity and certain
cases” falling under Article 288 of the Constitution of India are also dealt with in the
Ministry of Power. It is the cadre-controlling authority for the decentralised Grades of the
Central Secretariat Services, upto the rank of Section Officer, in the Ministry of Power,
Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources and the Central Electricity Authority.
1.2 The financial requirement under this activity respresents the provision made for the pay &
allowances and other expenditure incidental to the functioning of the Ministry including the
pay and allowances of the office of the Controller of Accounts. The financial requirements
(wholly non-plan) are given below :
(Rs in Lakhs)
Actual B. E. R. E. B. E.
1995-96 1996-97 1996-97 1997-98
336.31 352.00 391.00 395.00
1.3 The following table gives the position of the number of personnel working in the secretariat
of the Ministry of Power
Number of officers 1996 1997 1998
as on 31st March
Officers 68 73 73
Other Personnel 229 240 240
The position of the office of Controller of Accounts is as under :
Officers 8 8 10
Other Personnel 39 41 41
2.0 CENTRAL ELECTRICITY AUTHORITY (CEA)
2.01 Technical Control, Planning and Monitoring
The Central Electricity Authority (CEA), constituted under the Electricity (Supply) Act of
1948 is responsible for co-ordinating the activities of the various agencies engaged in the
development, control and utilisation of power resources and for carrying out techno-
economic appraisal of power projects, prior to their approval. It also monitors the
implementation and commissioning of projects.
The Central Electricity Authority is a statutory body consisting of a Chairman and six
Members viz, Member (Thermal), Member (Hydro), Member (Economic and
Commercial), Member (Power-System), Member (Planning) and Member (Grid and
Operation). The office of the Central Electricity Authority functions as an attached office
of the Ministry of Power, which has under its administrative control 16 Subordinate Offices
located in various regions of the country.
The main activities of the CEA in regard to techno-economic appraisal, coordination and
supervision have been grouped as under :-
(a) Technical examination and coordination;
(b) Administration of Electricity Laws;
(c) Data Collection and Publication;
(d) Rural Electrification;
(e) Regional Coordination;
(f) Preparation of Status report of various hydro & thermal schemes;
(g) Long-term system planning studies including management studies of SEBs,
studies and training and communication system for power sector;
(h) Techno-economic appraisal of Power Development schemes in private sector;
(i) Review of power sector performance, long term and short- term planning, assessment
of manpower & materials for long- term Plan & Annual Action Plan ; and
(j) Electronic Data Processing and support system including Computerising of
2.1 TECHNICAL EXAMINATION AND COORDINATION
2.1.1 The Central Electricity Authority is a statutory body responsible for Techno-economic
examination of the power Schemes of the State/Central sector and private sector. Every
scheme of an Electricity Board or Generating Company estimated to involve a capital
expenditure exceeding such sum, as may be fixed by the Central Government, from time
to time, by notification in the official Gazette, is required to be submitted to the Authority
for its concurrence. Under the provisions of Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948, Power
Development Schemes at state/central sector and private sector through MoU route
exceeding a capital expenditure of Rs. 100 crores and those of private sector through
competitive bidding route exceeding the expenditure of Rs. 1000 crores are required to
be submitted to CEA for its techno-economic appraisal and concurrence.
In the case of licensees as also captive power plants, the projects with an installed capacity
exceeding 25 MW are required to be submitted by the State Electricity Boards to CEA
for its Consultation as required under Section 44 of the Electricity (S) Act,1948. During
the Current financial year i.e. 1996-97, Central Electricity Authority accorded techno-
economic approval of 23 New Schemes including captive plants upto 30.11.1996 as per
the following details :-
A. Schemes of SEBs/Generating Companies etc.
(Rs. in Crores)
Type of IC (MW)/ No. of Estimated
Scheme Ckt. Kms. Schemes Cost
Hydro 160 MW 1 150.16
Thermal 4490 MW 6
T&D 560 Ckt. Km 1 567.98
R&M 1 237.00
Total (A) 4650 MW/ 9
560 Ckt. Km.
2.1.2 Captive Plants:
In addition to the above, CEA’s consultation under Section 44(2) of the Electricity (supply)
Act, 1948 was also issued to the various State Electricity Boards for 14 Nos. captive
thermal plants aggregating to capacity of about 904.37 MW during the year 1996-97
B. Schemes of Licensees Captive Schemes
Type of IC (MW) No. of Schemes
Thermal 904.37 MW 14
Total (B) 904.37 MW 14
Grand Total (A+B) 5554 MW & 560 Ckt.Kms 23
2.1.3. PERFORMANCE FOR 1995-96:
During 1995-96, CEA accorded techno-economic approval to 32 new schemes, including
captive power plants as per details given below :
5-593 M/o Power/96. 27
Type of IC (MW/Ckt. Kms.) No. of Estimated Cost
Schemes Schemes (Rs. in crores)
Thermal 3452.5 MW 8 12700.50
T&D 7803 Ckm 10 2791.47
R&M - - -
Captive 765 MW 14 -
Total 4217.5 MW/7803 CKm 32
In addition to the above, CEA also cleared 4 Nos. of RCE’s during 1995-96 as per
details given below :
Type of IC (MW/Ckt. Kms.) No. of Estimated Cost
Schemes Schemes (Rs. in crores)
Thermal 420 MW 1 1954.40
T&D 2275 Ckm 3 2522.31
Total 420 MW/2275 CKm. 4 4476.71
As on 31.12.96, Central Electricity Authority (CEA) had accorded ‘techno-economic
clearance to 20 schemes for setting up of power projects in the private sector.
Hydro - 2 nos. (700 MW)
Thermal - 18 nos. (11218.2 MW)
Total - 20 nos. (11918.2 MW)
For all the schemes on the Memorandum of Understanding/ Letter of Intent, etc. (MoU/
LoI etc.) route for setting up of power projects in the private sector which have been
accorded ‘in-principle’ clearance of CEA, the Government has set a deadline of 31.03.1997
for filling their detailed project reports (DPR) with CEA for obtaining the techno-economic
2.1.4 MONITORING AND INFORMATION SYSTEM
The Central Electricity Authority has been assigned the responsibility for monitoring
generation and construction activities in the power sector :
1. Monitoring of generation, operation and performance of power stations.
2. Monitoring of R&M activities of Thermal Power Stations.
3. Monitoring of quality and quantity of coal as well as linkages in Thermal Power
4. Crisis Management in Power Sector.
5. Investigation of factors leading to long outage of Thermal Units of Performance
2.1.6 The financial requirements of funds for the above activities (wholly Non-Plan)
are given below :-
(Rs. in Lakhs)
Actuals Budget Revised Budget
1995-96 Estimates Estimates Estimates
1996-97 1996-97 1997-98
878.57 846.00 976.10 949.43
2.2 ADMINISTRATION OF ELECTRICITY LAWS
2.2.1 The Indian Electricity Act, 1910 stipulates statutory inspection of electrical
installations under Section 36 of Indian Electricity Act, 1910. The Chief Engineer
(Inspectorate) has been appointed as Electrical Inspector for the Central
Governments installations and Union Territories. The Central Electrical Inspectorate is
assisted by Regional Inspectorial Organisations (RIO’s) with Headquarters at New Delhi,
Chennai, Panaji (Goa) and Shillong etc.
2.2.2 The details of actual achievements in the year 1995-96, the programme and anticipated
achievement for the year 1996-97 and programme for the year 1997-98 pertaining to the
number of installations inspected/ proposed to be inspected by various RIOs and the
CE(I) Division are as under :-
Name of Work 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98
Unit of Work Actuals Original Anticipated Programme
1. Statutory 1,29,500 1,30,000 1,40,000 1,45,000
terms of equivalent
MV @ installations
as per prevailing
2. Electrical 60 ** 40 **
3. Examination 639 600 650 700
of proposals for
@ The EHV, HV and MV installations are expressed in terms of equivalent MV installations at
** The accidents, as and when occurred are investigated.
2.2.3. The financial requirements for the above activity (wholly Non-Plan) for the four Regional
Inspectorial Organisations are given below :-
(Rs. in Lakhs)
Actuals Budget Revised Budget
1995-96 Estimates Estimates Estimates
1996-97 1996-97 1997-98
30.25 33.45 33.60 34.38
2.3 REGIONAL COORDINATION
2.3.1 For optimum utilisation of unevenly distributed power resources, Regional Concept for
Power Development has been adopted. The country has been demarcated into five Regions
for the purpose. Regional Electricity Boards have been set up in all the Five Regions
primarily to ensure satisfactory integrated operation of the constituent State’s systems for
maximisation of utilisation of available power resources within the Regions. The constituent
State Electricity Boards and the other Public Sector utilities are represented on the respective
Regional Boards and optimisation is being achieved through cooperation and coordination.
Towards this end the Secretariats of the Regional Electricity Boards are organised as an
integral part of the Central Electricity Authority, each headed by a Member Secretary, of
the rank of a Chief Engineer in the CEA. A synchronous as well as synchronous inter-
regional links are being established to promote inter-regional exchanges, for optimum
utilisation of power resources for the Country as a whole. Integrated operation of the five
Regional Grids is coordinated round the clock through the five Regional Load Despatch
Centres located at New Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Calcutta and Shillong.
2.3.2 During 1996-97, all constituent systems in the Northern, Western, Southern, Eastern and
North -Eastern Regions were, by and large, operating in parallel. Also, the Eastern and
North-Eastern Grids continued to operate in parallel round the clock, maximising exchanges
both ways instant to instant, as needed.. The H.V.D.C. back-to-back link between
Northern and Western Regions, continued to operate round the clock, enabling
maximisation of mutual assistance, particularly during emergencies in either region. In
addition interregional exchanges, in radial mode, amongst other regions were maximised
to the extent practically feasible in tile prevailing scenario of shortages in all the regions.
During the year 1996-97 (April,1996 to November, 1996) the inter-regional exchanges
were 1383.6 MU.
2.3.3 Monitoring of system frequency, tie-line flows, maximisation of inter State/Regional
exchanges of power, appropriate supply of shares from Central Sector Stations to the
beneficiary States/Systems, daily/monthly scheduling of generation, preparation of
periodical load generation balance reports including coordination of annual and capital
overhaul programmes for thermal units, energy accounting etc. were some of the important
functions carried out by the Secretariates of the five REBs.
2.3.4 The financial requirements of the above activity (wholly Non-Plan) are given below:-
(Rs. in Lakhs)
Actuals Budget Revised Budget
1995-96 Estimates Estimates Estimates
1996-97 1996-97 1997-98
111.85 104.40 96.90 98.82
2.4 Engagement of Legal Consultation for PPA analysis:-
2.4.1 TECHNICAL EXAMINATION OF PPA’s AND TECHNO-ECONOMIC
APPRAISAL OF POWER DEVELOPMENT SCHEMES IN PRIVATE SECTOR
Electricity Laws have been amended in 1991 to encourage private sector participation in
the power generation. One of the key documents required for successful implementation
and operation of the independent private projects is Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs)
which are being signed by Electrical Utilities (States) with Private Power Producers. CEA
is rendering assistance to Ministry of Power in examination of PPAs from technical and
tariff aspects. The task of Scrutiny of PPAs is a multi-disciplinary effort and slight inadvertant
omission in the Scrutiny of PPAs may lead to long term financial implications and
commitments for utilities ultimately coming in the way of consumers interest and protection.
It is, therefore, necessary to engage international Legal Consultants to assist CEA and
enhance its capabilities in the matter. It is expected that the total cost of consultancy could
be Rs.3 crores and a token provision of Rs. 11 lakhs has been provided for the year
1996-97 towards engaging the services of Legal Consultants for the PPA’s analysis and
offer assistance connected with techno-economic clearance for the power projects
pertaining to the private sector.
2.4.2 As per electricity (supply) Act,1948 one of the function of CEA is to act as Arbitrator in
the matter arising between the state Governments or Electricity Board and a licensee or
other person. During the year 1996-97 (upto 12/96) arbitration award in the matter of
dispute for supply of 2100 nos. of’ transformers between M/s. Vijay Electricals Ltd. and
WBSEB has been awarded. Other Arbitration award between UPSEB and Noida Power
Corpn. Ltd. will be awarded soon.
2.4.3 Electricity Reform Bill :
The Electricity Reform bills proposed by Haryana, Rajasthan, Orissa and UPSEB have also
been examined and the respective comments, observations of CEA have been sent to Ministry
To review the Indian Electricity Act 1910 and Electricity (Supply) Act 1948. Ministry of
Power have got prepared electricity reform bill 1997 envisaging setting up a National Electricity
Regulatory Authority for inter-state matter and State regulatory Authority for State matter..
For Court/arbitration cases and also to some extent for interpretation of I.E. Rules/Laws it
is considered necessary to seek advice of legal experts. In this context MOP have agreed
to engage the services of two part time legal experts.
2.4.4 Financial & Commercial Appraisal of Projects analysis of financial packages and financing
pattern with reference to GOI notification.
The details of actual achievements in the year 1996-97 and anticipated during 1997-98 is
given .. pa
Item During 1996-97 Anticipated
(upto Nov.’96) in 1997-98
(i) Financial & Commercial
Appraisal note for CEA 10 No’s 15 No’s
(ii) No. of schemes examined:
a) Thermal. 45 50
b) Hydro 22 25
c) Combined Cycle 21 25
d) D.G.sets 09 10
e) Transmission 20 25
f) Multipurpose projects 04 06
(iii) Scrutiny of FIPB applications 10 15
(iv) Scrutiny of PPAs 06 10
2.4.5 The financial requirement for the above activity (Wholly Plan) are given below :-
Actuals Budget Revised Budget
1995-96 Estimates Estimates Estimates
1996-97 1996-97 1997-98
- 11.00 5.00 11.00
2.5 STUDIES AND TRAINING
Central Electricity Authority has to discharge the functions relating to assessment, processing
and coordination of various training requirements under the various foreign aided country
programmes, bilateral agreements, technical cooperation programme, transfer of technology
programmes etc. in various disciplines of power development in respect of CEA, State
and Central Power Utilities.
2.5.2 CEA makes recommendations in respect of training programmes to be covered under
various country aided/bilateral agreements, Technical Co-operation Programmes such as
Colombo. 1st Plan, UNDP, USAID, SIDA etc. Most of the training programmes are fully
aided.. a woff.
2.5.3 TRAINING ABROAD
1996-97 upto 12/96
1. No. of officers expected to be trained 20 19
2. No. of officers likely to be deputed for
International Conference/Workshops 10 4
Meetings and Study tours etc.
3. No. of officers expected to be trained
during 1997-98. 20 -
4. No. of officers likely to be deputed
for attending International Conference/
Seminars/Workshops and Study 10 -
Tours etc. during 1997-98
2.5.3 TRAINING WITHIN INDIA
1. No of Engineers expected to be trained 240 71
2. No. of inhouse special lectures by CEA
officers upto December,1996 10 6
3. Engineers expected to be trained
during 1001-08 250 -
The financial requirement is given below:-
(Rs. in lakhs)
Actual Budget Estimate Revised Estimate Budget Estimate
1995-96 1996-97 1996-97 1997-98
15.65 20.00 20.00 20.00
2.6.1 25 Graduate/Diploma Apprentices, 15 Draftsman apprentices and 10 vocational
apprentices have undergone/undergoing training under the Apprentices Act 1961 in the
year 1996-97 (upto 12/96).
2.6.2 25 Graduate/Diploma Apprentices, 21 Draftsman apprentices and 10 vocational
Apprentices are likely to undergo training under Apprentices Act, 1961 in the year
The financial requirement is given below:-
(Rs. in lakhs)
Actual Budget Estimate Revised Estimate Budget Estimate
1995-96 1996-97 1996-97 1997-98
0.59 2.50 2.50 2.50
3. SURVEY AND INVESTIGATION
3.1 ALL INDIA LOAD SURVEY SCHEME
3.1.1 The pre-requisite for planned development in the Electricity Sector is the realistic forecasting
of power demands. This is also a necessary input to take timely investment decisions for
6-593 M/o Power/96. 35
the power sector. Electricity requirements for drawing up power programmes are being
assessed by carrying out periodic power surveys by Power Survey Directorates, now
forming part of the Data Management and Load Forecasting (DMLF) Division of CEA.
This division is assisted by four Regional Power Survey Offices (RPSO) located at New
Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai and Calcutta. These Regional Offices are interacting with
State Governments, Electricity Boards and other utilities for obtaining, sifting and analysing
data for the purpose of forecasting. These Power Surveys indicate the likely demand for
power on a statewise basis in the medium term and over longer time frames.
3.1.2. The Division also function as the Secretariat of :-
(i) The Power Survey Committees set up by Ministry of Power from time to time.
3.1.3. Work Done During 1996-97
a) The 15th Electric Power Survey Committee Report has been printed and circulated.
b) The Power Survey of major Urban Centres (population 10 lakhs and above as per
census 1991) which was halted due to the 15th Power Survey Committee work,
was revived to update the reports already finalised according to the revised time
frame for power demand projections, and take up fresh surveys of the remaining
cities. The work is in progress.
c) Three meetings of the Standing Committee were held to examine the proposals for
derating/uprating and retirement of generating units. Nine proposals have been
received during the year so far, out of which 3 proposals for derating and one for
uprating of units have been accepted, the other three have been rejected and the
remaining two proposals are under examination.
3.1.4 PROGRAMME FOR 1997-98
a) Examination of the reports prepared by Regional Power Survey Offices for the
major urban centres.
b) Processing of the schemes received from various SEBs/ Utilities for derating/
c) Steps would be taken to Constitute the 16th Electric Power Survey Committee.
3.1.5. The financial requirement for ‘All India Load Survey’ (Wholly Non-Plan) are given below:-
(Rs. in lakhs)
Actuals Budget Revised Budget
1995-96 Estimates Estimates Estimates
1996-97 1996-97 1997-98
50.67 54.00 61.95 63.43
3.3 REVIEW OF H.E. POTENTIAL OF MAJOR H.E. SCHEMES
The first assessment of Hydro Electric Resources in the country was undertaken during
the period 1953-59 by the erstwhile Central Water and Power Commission (CW&PC),
Power Wing. The survey placed the H.E. Potential of various river basins of the country
to be about 42 million KW ( at 60% load factor ) form about 250 schemes. The constraints
of the survey were : non-availability of adequate topographic details of some of the areas,
use of limited hydrological and metereological data that were available etc.
The second assessment, viz. studies for “ Reassessment of Hydro Electric Power Potential
of the country’’ was taken up by Central Electricity Authority in 1978.
Now, this assessment also shows up several limitations making it inadequate for several
exercises on hydro development.
It is proposed to review H.E. Potential of major/medium schemes of India, and to bring
out most realistic feature of major/medium H.E. schemes sites by making use of updated
hydrological, topographical and water utilisation data, interaction with MOEF and
association of concerned States.
3.3.2 Proposed Schemes
To review the hydro-electric potential of the country considering :
i) Additional data now available on hydrology, metereology and geology; etc.,
ii) Availability of toposheet with shorter contour intervals;
iii) Information about consumptive uses of water available with NWDA;
iv) Environment aspects; and
v) Salient features of schemes already completed, under construction or under planning.
3.3.3 Scope of Studies
- Review of the basinwise Reports of H.E. Potential including Pumped Storage
schemes in the country in association with SEB’s/Power Departments.
- Identification of Pumped Storage Projects particularly in the vicinity of load centres
and coal belt of Eastern and Western Regions. Review of salient features of already
identified Pumped Storage Projects by utilising the additional and up-to-date input
- Updation of H.E. Potential of all existing, on-going and proposed Major/ Medium
H.E. schemes and identification of new sites with close interaction with State
authorities and Central Organisations by making use of up-to-date data including
data pertaining to environmental aspects.
- The updating of H.E. Potential would also take into account the benefit of
emerging technological advancement in the field of survey and investigation,
civil construction, electrical and mechanical equipment and erection methodologies.
- Assessment of Power Potential, Firm, Power and Dependable Energy and installed
- The proposed study would include Review of H.E. Potential of already identified
schemes is also toposheet studies of SURVEY OF INDIA maps of 1,25,000 Scale
to explore the possibilities of new sites.
- The aspects of environmental and ecological imbalance and changing economic
criteria for evolution of H.E. Projects in the light of liberalised economic policies of
Govt. of India will also be considered in the study.
3.3.4 Physical targets to be achieved during 1997-98 :
i) Updating of potential of all existing on-going and CEA cleared H.E. schemes.
ii) Collection, compilation and analysis of (a) Hydrological and meterological data,
(b) details of water utilisation for consumptive uses from various States/Central
agencies and (c) environment and ecological data.
iii) To take up review of software and mathematical models and development of
medthodology for assessment of power potential.
3.3.5 The financial requirements of the above activity (wholly plan) are given below :
(Rs in Lakhs)
Actuals Budget Revised Budget
1995-96 Estimates Estimates Estimates
1996-97 1996-97 1997-98
Nil 27.00 15.75 6.00
4. POWER GENERATION
4.1 The Central Government has taken up the execution of a number of thermal and
hydro-electric projects. The thermal projects are located at Badarpur (Delhi), NCTPP
(Dadri-I) (U.P.), Unchahar (U.P.), Kawas Gas (Gujarat), Gandhar Gas (Gujarat),
Anta (Rajasthan), Auraiya (U.P.), Kayamkulam (Kerala), Faridabad Gas (Haryana),
Simhadri (Andhra Pradesh), Korba (M.P.), Ramagundam (A.P.), Vindhyachal (M.P.),
Rihand (U.P.), Farakka (West Bengal), Kahalgaon (Bihar). Dadri Gas-I (U.P.) and Talcher
(Orissa). The hydro electric projects in the Central Sector are located at Salal (J&K),
Dulhusti (J&K), Chamera (H.P.), Tanakpur (U.P.), Koel-Karo (Bihar), Salal Stage-II in
J&K, Uri (J&K), Rangit (Sikkim) and Dhauliganga (U.P.). Besides this, the Government
of India have decided to contribute Rs.300 crores to the resources gap of Madhya Pradesh
Government in its 57 per cent share in the power component of Sardar Sarovar Project.
Further, the Nathpa Jhakri Hydro-electric project and Tehri Hydro Power Complex
are being executed as joint ventures between the Government of India and the
respective State Governments of Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh sharing the cost of
the power component of these projects. The activities and achievements of the
agencies like NTPC, NHPC, Powergrid, THDC, NJPC, NEEPCO, PFC and REC,
which are either engaged in the construction of Thermal, Hydro and Gas based Power
Projects directly or are assisting such efforts in Central and State Sectors, have been
enumerated in the subsequent paragraphs.
4.1.1 BADARPUR THERMAL POWER STATION
Govt. of India under-took the construction of a Theraml Power Station at Badarpur, New
Delhi as a regional power station in the Central Sector in 1967. The station was constructed
with the idea of providing a major back up for hydro-power in the Northern region consisting
of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, J&K and Union territory
of Delhi and to supplement availability of power for meeting the growing demand in Delhi
as well as other beneficiaries in Northern region. The installed capacity of this power
station is 720 MW comprising St. I-Units (3 x 100 MW), St. II-Unit (1 x 210 MW and
St. III-Unit (1 x 210 MW). The installed capacity of all the three units of St. I has been
derated at 95 MW each w.e.f. 11.1.1990. Thus the derated capacity of the station w.e.f.
11.1.90 is 705 MW. The management of this project was entrusted to National Thermal
Power Corporation (NTPC) Ltd. on agency basis, from 1st April, 1978 onwards.
In BE 96-97, a generation target of 4400 MUs was envisaged at a PLF of 71.25% (on
derated capacity). In RE the target has been kept as same. The stagewise targets are as
Stage B.E. PLF R.E. PLF % Variation B.E. PLF %
96-97 (D.C.) 96-97 (D.C.) between 97-98 (D.C.)
(MUs) B.E. & R.E. (MUs)
I 1575 63.09 1599 64.03 24 1680 67.29
II 1410 76.65 1389 75.51 -21 1250 67.95
III 1415 76.92 1412 76.77 -03 1370 74.47
Station 4400 71.25 4400 71.25 nil 4300 69.93
4.1.3 Details of capacity of each stage and the schedule of generation as well as actual generation
is given below :-
Physical Installed Target Actual Generation 96-97 B.E.
acheivements Capacity 1995-96 Generation 97-98
(MUs) (1995-96) B.E. R.E. Actuals (MUs)
(MUs) (MUs) upto 12/96
Stage-I 3 x 100 = 300* 1500 1623.863 1575 1599 991.664 1680
Stage-II 1 x 210 = 210 1345 1316.232 1410 1389 999.580 1250
Stage-III 1 x 210 = 210 1355 1097.994 1415 1412 924.861 1370
720* 4200 4038.089 4400 4400 2916.105 4300
B. Sales (MUs) 3658.546 3850 3872 2665.468 3784
* The installed capacity of all the three units of Stage-I has been derated at 95 MW each
w.e.f. 11.1.90. Thus the total derated capacity w.e.f. 11.1.90 is 705 MW.
4.1.4 The financial requirement of BTPS (wholly Non-Plan) are as under :-
(Rs. in crores)
Actuals Budget Revised Budget Actuals Budget
1995-96 1996-97 1996-97 upto 12/96 1997-98
393.96 430.00 500.00 314.28 430.00
4.1.5 Summary of Personnel in respect of BTPS is as under :-
Category of Personnel Actual Forecast for 31st March
(on 31st March) 1997 1998
1. Officers 342 337 389
2. Others 2160 2147 2316
TOTAL 2502 2484 2705
4.1.6 BADARPUR THERMAL POWER PROJECT STAGE -II (1 X 210 MW)
Stage -II consists of one unit of 210 MW. This was synchronised 2/12/1978 and is in
commercial operation since 17/3/1980. The delay in commissioning of the unit was due to
delayed and non-sequential supplies from major equipment manufacturers.
The cost estimates for this unit was sanctioned in June, 1974 as Rs. 38.37 crores. The
estimates were revised to Rs.66.40 crores in May, 1977. Due to further increase in the
cost of main equipment, the estimated cost was again revised to Rs. 87.35 crores in
March, 85. The latest total cost estimates of Stage -II is now expected to Rs. 95.91
crores. The excess is, however, covered within 10% of the revised cost of St. II. An
expenditure of Rs. 92.99 crores have been incurred upto 31st March, 1996. The anticipted
expenditure for 1996-97 and outlay for 1997-98 are Rs. 66 lakhs and Rs. 150 lakhs
4.1.7 STAGE -III (1 X 210 MW)
Stage -III consists of one unit of 210 MW. This unit was approved in March,1978 and
was synchronised on 25th Dec.’81 and is in commercial operation since 1/4/1982.
The original cost estimates were sanctioned in March, 1978 for Rs. 63.86 crores. The
revised cost approved by Govt. is Rs. 103.25 crores. In addition, an expenditure of
Rs. 1.28 crores has been approved by the Govt. for construction of accommodation and
provision of other related facilities for CISF Personnel. Another sum of Rs.3.62 crores
has been sanctioned by the Ministry of Power, for strengthening of Ash Dyke Phase-II
and raising height of Ash Dyke Phase-I as a contingent plan under Stage -III for disposal
of Ash. Futher, a sum of Rs.0.67 crore has been sanctioned towards shifting of 220 KV
line over Ash Dyke Phase-I. Thus, the total sanctioned cost estimates are of Rs. 108.82
crores. An expenditure of Rs. 103.37 crores has been incurred upto March, 1996. An
expenditure of Rs. 2.25 crores is anticipated during 1996-97. A provision of Rs.2 crores
has been made in BE 1997-98.
REASONS FOR INCREASE IN COST ESTIMATES
The main reasons for increase in cost estimate of these units are as under:-
i) Increase in the cost of civil works/ erection charges.
ii) Escalation in the cost of Turbo Generator/Boiler, Control and Instruments, cables,
iii) Augmentation of Coal handling plant-common for Stage-II and Stage-III.
iv) Raising height of Ash Pond Phase-I and strengthening of Ash Pond Phase-II.
v) Construction of additional 220 KV bay for Stage-II and Stage-III.
vi) Construction of raw water supply channel from Okhla Barrage.
vii) Installation of Travelling water Screen.
4.1.8 RENOVATION & MODERNISATION (R&M) PLAN OF BTPS PHASE-I
A scheme for renovation and modernisation of Badarpur Thermal Power Station has
been approved by Govt. in Oct., 1986 at an estimated cost of Rs. 2870 lakhs. The
revised sanctioned cost of R&M Phase-I is Rs. 3697 lakhs. An expenditure of Rs. 3452.08
lakhs has ben incurred upto March, 1996. An expenditure of Rs. 151 lakhs is anticipated
during 1996-97 as against provision of Rs. 140 lakhs in BE 1996-97. A provision of Rs.
93 lakhs has been made in BE 1997-98.
4.1.9 RENOVATION & MODERNISATION OF BTPS PHASE-II
The renovation & modernisation scheme phase-II has been chalked out. The estimated
cost of the scheme is Rs. 186.27 crores. CEA has given techno economic clearance to
the scheme, and Pre-PIB is also over. An amount of Rs. 1 crore has been provided in BE
4.1.10 ACQUISITION OF LAND FOR ASH POND PHASE-III BTPS
The existing ash disposal area viz. Phase-I and Phase-II was not sufficient for further
requirement. A proposal for construction of another ash pond viz. Phase-III which includes
the cost of acquisition of 200 Hectares of land and construction of Ash Dyke for 100
hectares, initially, has been approved by Govt. of India for Rs. 14.33 crores. Due to
enhanced land compensation and a minor change in scope of work, the estimated cost has
been revised to Rs. 86.03 crores. 60 Hectares of land has already been handed over to
BTPS on 1/11/89. Another 40 Hectares was handed over in June, 1993. The balance
land is owned by Delhi Administration. The construction work of 60 Hectares was
completed in Nov. ’91 and ash dumping is being done at present in this dyke. The
7-593 M/o Power/96 43
construction work of 40 Hectares has been completed in Nov. ’95. An expenditure of
Rs. 53.30 crores has been incurred upto March, 1996. An expenditure of Rs. 265 lakhs
is anticipated during 1996-97 against a provision of Rs. 1000 lakhs in BE 1996-97. An
amount of Rs. 560 lakhs have been provided in BE 1997-98.
4.1.11 AUGMENTATION OF FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM AT BTPS
The existing fire protection facilities at BTPS were installed in the period 1973-1975
during the commissioning of the Stage-I (3 x 100 MW) of the project. Marginal extensions
to these existing facilities were provided during the implementation of Stage-II (1 x 210
MW) and Stage-III (1 x 210 MW) of the project. In 1984, CEA recommended certain
fire preventive measures including provision of certain facilities/equipments, to be taken
up at the power stations. Also in line with Govt. of India’s decision to induct Central
Industrial Security Force (CISF) in Public Sector Enterprises for Security coverage, CISF
conducted the survey in 1982 in respect of fire fighting system at BTPS. Survey Report
recommended additions of certain fire fighting/fire prevention facilities to be introduced at
BTPS prior to taking over of BTPS fire wing by CISF. CEA has further observed that
the high velocity/medium velocity spray system for cable gallery at 4.0 MT level - 3.0 MT
level cable shafts etc. alongwith Turbine Oil Tank i.e. oil pipe & oil purification system etc.
should also be included in the proposal.
Based on the recommendation of CEA and CISF (Fire Wing), a proposal for augmentation
of Fire Protection System at BTPS was submitted to Ministry of Power. The scheme has
been approved by Govt. of India for Rs. 4.56 crores. An expenditure of Rs. 406.47 lakhs
has been incurred till 31.3.96. A provision of Rs. 18 lakhs and Rs. 32 lakhs has been
made in RE 1996-97 and BE 1997-98 respectively.
4.1.12 Financial requirements of the project are given below :-
(Rs. in lakhs)
ACTUAL B.E. R.E. B.E.
1995-96 96-97 96-97 97-98
a) BTPP ST. II 43.81 197.00 66.00 150.00
b) BTPP ST. III 57.06 516.00 225.00 200.00
c) R&M OF BTPS(Phase I & II) 44.59 140.00 151.00 193.00
d) Land for Ash Pond 917.58 1000.00 265.00 560.00
e) Fire protection System 67.10 40.00 18.00 32.00
TOTAL 1130.14 1893.00 725.00 1135.00
4.2 INCENTIVE PAYMENT FOR BETTER PERFORMANCE OF THERMAL
4.2.1 REWARD SCHEME FOR MERITORIOUS PRODUCTIVITY BY TPSs
The incentive scheme for meritorious performance of thermal power stations was introduced
by the Ministry of Power in 1983-84 for rewarding the operation and maintenance personnel
for outstanding performance of public sector thermal power stations. The scheme was
later on modified in 1992-93 to give recognition to those thermal power stations which
achieve improvement in the performance during the peak period only as compared to
previous year so as to avoid pumping of unwanted generation in to the grid during off peak
period and avoid wastage of energy to some extent. Under this modified scheme, awards
were distributed to 26 TPSs for their performance in 1993-94. Performance of TPSs for
the year 1994-95 could not be assessed by the CEA as the detailed information in this
regard was not received from various TPSs during the financial year. A provision of Rs.
2.50 crores has been made in BE 1996-1997. The recommendations of CEA have been
received for 1994-95 and 24 stations have qualified for the award out of which 12 stations
have qualified for silver shields, one for gold and three for bronze medals. In addition to
this two stations have been recommended for consolation awards. The budget provision
kept for distribution of awards (cash alongwith shields and medals) will be fully utilised
during the current year. A provision of Rs. 50 lakhs has been made in BE 1997-98.
Stations eligible for the award are also given shields if the Kwh/Kw/year level during the
year of award is 6000 or more. In addition to the above, the General Manager/Head of
Power Stations as per performance of their power stations are awarded Gold, Silver and
Bronze medals for achieving the performance level of more than 7599 Kwh/Kw, 7100-
7500 Kwh/Kw and 6600-7099 Kwh/Kw, respectively during the year.
4.2.2 SCHEME FOR ECONOMIC EFFICIENT OPERATION
A new ward scheme for thermal stations for achieving economic and efficient performance
has been introduced by Ministry of Power from 1992. Under this scheme, power stations
which achieve more than a specified improvement in their secondary fuel oil consumption
and auxiliary power consumption as compared to that of the previous year would be
rewarded by the Government of India (Ministry of Power). Rewards under this scheme
were distributed first time during the year 1993-94 based on the performance of participating
thermal power stations during the calendar year 1992. For the year 1994-95, total reward
was Rs. 222.21 lakhs out of which Rs. 174.57 lakhs was for savings in specific secondary
fuel oil consumption given to 34 stations and Rs. 47.64 lakhs for reduction in auxiliary
power consumption given to 11 stations. The awards for the year 1995-96 could not be
given due to non-finalisation of the recommendations by CEA. A provision of Rs. 2.50
crores has been made for this scheme in BE 1996-97. 31 stations have been recommended
by CEA for incentive awards for the year 1994 under specific fuel oil consumption category
and 9 stations have been recommended under auxiliary power consumption category. It is
expected that the budget provision of Rs. 2.50 crores will be fully utilised during the year
1996-97. A provision of Rs. 50 lakhs has been made in BE 1997-98.
4.2.3 INCENTIVE AWARDS FOR REDUCTION IN T & D LOSSES
Ministry of Power has introduced since 1987, an incentive scheme for the much needed
reduction in transmission and distribution losses on the basis of criteria developed by
CEA. The scheme is intended to promote competition amongst the various State Electricity
Boards/Divisions/Electricity Departments, as well as among the various distribution systems
within each of the utilities for making efforts to reduce T&D losses in their system in a
systematic manner. The scheme comprises (i) award of shields to best performing SEBs/
EDs in the country and best performing divisions in each SEBs/EDs and (ii) cash award to
divisions achieving prescribed reduction in their T & D losses.
4.3 SARDAR SAROVAR MULTl-PURPOSE PROJECT
Sardar Sarovar Project (1450 MW) situated in Madhya Pradesh would be a multi-purpose
inter-state project on river Narmada. The Project provides for construction of two power
stations - one at the river bed (1200 MW) and other at Canal head (250 MW). The cost
as well as benefits of power are to be shared by Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra
in the ratio of 16:57:27.
In May, 1984, Government of India decided to contribute Rs. 300 crores towards the
resources gap in the 57 percent share of Madhya Pradesh in the power component of
this project. An amount of Rs. 188.89 crores, including Rs. 20 crores during 1996-97,
has been released upto December’96. A provision of Rs. 20 crores has been made in BE
5. POWER TRANSMISSION
5.1 INTER-STATE/INTER-REGIONAL TRANSMISSION LINES
The scheme for construction of Inter-state transmission lines under centrally sponsored
programme was started during the Fourth Five Year Plan, primarily to help in the integrated
operation of the contiguous power systems. Under this programme 100% loan assistance
is being provided to the states outside the state plan for construction of Inter-state
transmission lines. Out of a total number of 55 inter-state transmission lines sanctioned
under this programme, 52 transmission lines aggregating to over 7000 Ckt. Kms. have
been completed upto March, 1996 leaving balance works on the remaining lines to be
accomplished beyond March, 1997. A sum of Rs. 348.99 crores has been released as
loan assistance to the states for the construction of inter-state transmission lines during the
period from 1969 to 1996. A Budget provision of Rs. 170 lakhs has been made for the
5.1.3 The financial requirement for the above Inter-state transmission lines (Plan-charged) are
as under :-
(Rs. in crores)
ACTUAL BUDGET REVISED BUDGET
EXPENDITURE ESTIMATE ESTIMATE ESTIMATE
1995-96 1996-97 1996-97 1997-98
3.30 5.50 5.50 1.70
5.1.1 The status in respect of lines under execution is as follows:-
a) MARIANI-MOKOKCHUNG 132 KV S/C line (50 CKM)
Nagaland portion of 30 Ckm. has already been completed whereas Assam authorities
did not take the execution of the work on Assam portion. Powergrid Corporation
of India have been entrusted the execution of the works falling in the Assam territory.
ASEB and POWERGRID have already signed a MOU for this purpose. A loan of
Rs. 75.97 lakhs has been released to Assam so far, comprising Rs. 25.97 lakhs
upto 1990-91 and Rs. 50 lakhs for onward transfer to Powergrid against loan
application 1994-95. As the line under construction needs forest clearance for Assam
portion, which is pending over a long time, work could not be started so far. Further
loan would be released after receipt of forest clearance and the requisite utilisation
b) UMIAM-UMTRU STAGE -IV GUWAHATI 132 KV D/C LINE
Meghalaya State Electricity Board (MeSEB) has completed erection of towers
while the stringing work is yet to be taken up. Against a loan of Rs. 720 lakhs
released to MeSEB so far, utilisation certificate for an amount of Rs. 590 lakhs has
been received from them. The utilisation certificate for Rs. 130 lakhs released during
1995-96 as an advance is yet to be received from MeSEB. As regards the Assam
portion of this line, the work is yet to take off the ground for want of forest clearance
which is still awaited. A loan of Rs. 25 lakhs has been released to Assam so far and
further loan would be released depending upon the sanction of forest clearance and
commencement of works.
An amount of Rs. 170 lakhs proposed for Annual Plan 1997-98 will be towards
payment for Mariani-Mokokchung 132 KV S/C (Assam), Umaiam-Umtru
Stage-IV (Assam) and Guwahati 132 KV D/C (Meghalaya) lines under construction.
5.2 LOAD DESPATCH AND COMMUNICATION FACILITIES
5.2.1 A basic 3-tier hierarchial network of load despatch centre with one at the national level,
five at the regional levels and a number of them at different State/System level is in the
process of being set up with a view to achieving integrated operation of the power systems
of the country. The Regional Load Despatch Centres (RLDCs) will coordinate the activities
of the State Load Despatch Centres (SLDCs) in the region, so as to ensure the optimum
utilisation of generation and transmission facilities in the region.
The RLDCs with communication and computer based equipment are already operational
at New Delhi, Mumbai and Calcutta. The RLDCs in the Nothern, Western and Eastern
Regions have been provided with varying degrees of computer based facilities.
Based on the Master Telecommunication plan got developed by Central Electricity
Authority for the power sector of India, the State Electricity Boards/Power Utilities have
commenced implementation activity. The Project Reports from most of the SEBs have
been received and their techno-economic appraisal has been done by CEA. Action in
respect of implementation of the Master Telecommunication Plan in a unified manner has
also been taken up by Power Grid Corporation of India Limited in respect of various
regions. The Unified Load Despatch and Communication Scheme of POWERGRID for
Southern, Northern and North-Eastern Regions have been techno-economically appraised
and cleared by CEA. The Project Reports in respect of Eastern and Western Regions
have also been formulated and are being processed for Techno-economic clearance of
5.3 NATIONAL HVDC PROJECT
5.3.1 The first stage of National HVDC project between Lower Sileru (A.P.) and Barsoor
(M.P.) has been in continuous operation since its commissioning in October 1989. The
energy transmitted so far in 1996-97 amounts to 29.62 MUs (upto September,’96). The
second stage of uprating the link of 200 MW at + 200 KV was approved by Government
of India in September, 1993 at an estimated cost of Rs. 103.98 crores (since revised to
Rs. 95.40 crores). The works are in progress. The second phase is likely to be
commissioned by 1997. The third stage which envisages addition of another pole to convert
the monopole DC system to a bipole system with voltage level of +/- 200 KV D/C and
power transfer level of 400 MW, will be taken after completion of Stage-II.
5.3.2 FLEXIBLE AC TRANSMISSION SYSTEM (FACTS)
The flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) technology is intended to improve the
dynamic performance of the power transmission system and achieve regulated power
flow across AC transmission network. An Expert Committee headed by Chairman, CEA
was constituted by Ministry of Power in 1992. The Committee decided to take up FACTS
project as an R&D project jointly by BHEL, CPRI, POWERGRID, Ministry of Power
(CEA) and some SEBs on the lines of National HVDC Project. The Committee constituted
a Working Group for preparing a draft project report for indigenous development of
FACTS technology and identification of transmission corridor for its implementation. The
technical Committee in its revised DPR, has recommended that FACTS be implemented,
interalia, in Itarsi-Indore 400 KV D/C Powergrid line and Satpura-Indore 400 KV S/C
MPSEB line at an estimated cost of Rs. 89 crores. The sites identified are at Harda,
Satwas & Khategaon from which final selection is to be made. Decisions on these aspects
as also the mode of funding and sharing of cost are yet to be made.
6. RURAL ELECTRIFICATION
6.1 Rural Electrification aims at supply of energy for the following programmes :
a) Production oriented activities like minor irrigation, rural industries etc;
b) Electrification of villages;
c) Extension/augmentation of power system; and
d) Small Power/Decentralised General for meeting the power needs of rural areas.
6.2 While the emphasis is laid on exploitation of ground water potential and energisation of
pumpsets/tubewells, which have a bearing on agricultural production, the accent in respect
of areas covered under the Minimum Needs Programme is on village electrification and
load development. The emphasis is gradually being shifted to system improvement, small/
decentralised power generation programmes.
6.3 Rural Electrification programmes are formulated and executed by the SEBs/State
Government Departments. The main sources of funding of these programmes are:
(a) Rural Electrification Corporation.
(b) Plan allocation to the States.
(c) Institutional finance, including Commercial Banks, NABARD etc.
(d) International financing agencies like OECF etc.
6.4 Detail of targets and achievement during 1996-97 under REC programmes and proposals
for the year 1997-98 are given under the Heading ‘Rural Electrification Corporation’ -
6.5 KUTIR JYOTI PROGRAMME
(i) Kutir Jyoti Programme which provides for release of single point light connections
to the households of the rural poor below the poverty line including Dalit and Adivasi
families, continued to be given special thrust. During the year 1996-97, a provision
of Rs. 25 crores was originally made and later revised to Rs. 20 crores. With the
increase in per unit cost of Kutir Jyoti connection from Rs. 400 to Rs. 800 (without
metre) and Rs. 1000 (with metre), the target for 1996-97 now stands at about 2.4
lakh single point light connections.
For the year 1997-98, a provision of Rs. 25 crores has been made for release of about
2.8 lakh connections under Kutir Jyoti Programme.
7 POWER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
7.1 CENTRAL POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE, BANGALORE
7.1.1 The Central Power Research Institute (CPRI) was established in 1960 to serve as a National
Laboratory for applied research in the field of electrical power and also to function as an
independent authority for testing, evaluation and certification of electrical equipment and
components. In January 1978, CPRI was reorganised into an autonomous organisation
and registered under the Karnataka Societies Registration Act, 1960. The Institute, situated
at Bangalore, has set up a comprehensive group of laboratories and technical divisions
developed in specific fields. The Switchgear Testing and Development Station, is situated
at Bhopal. The Regional Testing Laboratory is located at Muradnagar (U.P.). UHV Research
Laboratory at Hyderabad, Energy Research Centre at Thiruvananthapuram and Thermal
Research Centre at Koradi, Nagpur. The Fly Ash Utilisation Demonstration Centre to
promote and encourage the use of Fly ash for producing value added products was set up
at Raichur Thermal Power Station (RTPS), Raichur. The major activities of the CPRI are
(a) Testing & Consultancy and (b) Research & Development.
7.1.2 The following are the main R&D and Testing facilities available in the CPRI.
a. Short Circuit Generator with Synthetic Testing facility;
b. Facilities for Research & Development work in UHV area for equipment rated upto
800 KV and above;
c. High Voltage Testing Techniques covering High voltage testing Radio interferences
and Corona Studies in EHV lines, pollution performance on equipment, switching
surge studies in power systems;
d. Testing of PVC cables and bushings, development and testing of capacitors, partial
discharge phenomena in power apparatus;
e. Development of Polymeric insulating materials, paper insulating materials, etc. and
f. Design and development of optimal transmission line towers. Testing of towers,
vibration studies on transmission line conductors and accessories, evaluation of
g. HVDC simulation and Transient Network Analyser (TNA) studies for power system
planning of AC and DC networks, consultancy work for electricity boards and
h. Investigation of problems connected with power systems, design and operation.
i. Development & testing of dielectrics, study of water chemistry, coal and fly ash
analysis for studying Thermal Power Station problems and testing of transformer oil,
coal & water quality etc.
j. Development of apparatus/gadgets/instruments for application in power system.
8—593 M/o Power/96. 51
k. Development & testing of LV and HV switchgear circuit breakers, fuses etc.
l. Testing of domestic electric appliances, equipment enclosures (for IP testing & flame
proof testing), relays, batteries etc.
7.1.3 NEW TEST FACILITY
Some of the new test facilities added during the year are:
i) Impulse current generator for testing zinc oxide lightening arresters upto 100 Kv,
ii) New Pollution laboratory
iii) Impulse dielectric tests on all electrical equipments upto 3 MV, 150 kJ
iv) Ion migration test facility
v) Multi product calibration system for all electrical measuring instruments
vi) Refrigerator & temperature bath test facility
vii) All test on energy meters.
Mobile environmental monitoring laboratory
With the increased awareness on maintaining a clean environmental and stringent stipulations
laid down by the regulatory bodies on air and water quality, it becomes essential for every
industry to monitor the ambient atmospheric quality around their industry. It is mandatory
to have an environmental impact assessement carried out to obtain clearance from Ministry
of Environment and Forests. Keeping these requirements in view, CPRI has established a
Mobile Environmental Monitoring Laboratory facility at its unit Thermal Research Centre,
Unique Tests carried out in CPRI:
(i) CPRI’s UHV Research Laboratory, Hyderabad, carried out Bias testing of 400
KV SF6 circuit breaker, with lightening impulse combined with power frequently
and switching impulse both under dry and wet conditions as per International Standard
IEC 56 for the first time in our country. With this, circuit breaker and isolator
manufacturers need not go abroad for these tests any more. This will save a significant
amount of foreign exchange to the country.
(ii) CPRI successfully tested NHVDC Phase-II Thyristor valve for Barsur station. The
testing of this double valve design of BHEL rated for 200 KV DC was challenging
task in view of its high inherent capacitance and called for very high skills and expertise
for successful conducting and completion of tests. The test included di-electric tests
like steep front impulse test, non-periodic firing test and other tests like Corona, etc.
Special tests like lightening/switching impulse test super imposed on AC voltages
were also conducted. If such tests were to be carried out abroad, it would have
resulted in drain of huge amount of foreign exchange. With successful completion of
the testing of the thyristor valve, CPRI has acquired invaluable skills and experience
in undertaking special tests which will be helpful for saving valuable foreign exchange.
(iii) To demonstrate the feasibility of some of the technologies developed by the Institute
and to utilise the facilities and expertise of CPRI more optimally, a few MOUs have
been entered into between CPRI and Electrical Manufacturers & Utilities. Important
among them are - an MOU with Maharashtra State Electricity Board for extraction
of ALUMINA from fly ash, MOU with ABB for utilisation of HVDC & TNA
facilities alongwith the expertise in the area of power systems & an MOU with M/s.
Environmental Technologies India Ltd., for utilising the facilities of Thermal Research
Centre Nagpur for environmental studies. MoU with M/s. Ankur Scientific Energy
Technologies Pvt. Ltd. for the technology of tie-ups in the field of gassification,
MoU with M/s. BHEL to develop a working arrangement of close relationship for
carrying out special simulation studies, Transient Network Analysis, digital computer
studies concerning power system project, MoU with M/s. EMC Steelal, Calcutta
on uprating/upgradation of transmission lines.
(iv) Patent applicatons have been filed for some of the products/processes developed at
CPRI. 140 technical papers were published during the year 1995-96 and 30 technical
reports have been brought out.
7.1.4. Keeping in view the rapid strides made by science and technology, CPRI has been expanding
its R&D efforts and augmenting its certification and consultancy facilities, so as to cater to
the needs of the country’s Power industry and supply utilities. CPRI has earned a revenue
of Rs. 1370 Lakhs during 1995-96 representing an increase of 33% over the revenue
earned during 1994-95 on account of its increased testing and consultancy services.
Anticipated Revenue earnings for the Institute for the year 1996-97 is Rs. 1620 lakhs.
7.1.5 FINANCIAL STATEMENT
The financial statement in respect of CPRI (wholly plan) is as under:
(Rs. in lakhs)
Particulars Actual Budget Revised Budget
Expenditure Estimates Estimates Estimates
1995-96 1996-97 1996-97 1997-98
Plan expenditure 6800.00 3823.00 4392.00 2400.00
(Capital & RD)
7.1.6 CAPITAL PROJECT DETAILS (TARGETS & ACHIEVEMENT FOR THE
The details of the financial and physical targets for the year 1996-97 and achievements
upto November, 1996 are furnished below:
1] Setting up of 2500 MVA Short Circuit Station, Bangalore
TARGET ACHIEVEMENTS SHORTFALL
Financial: Rs. 1.95 crs Rs. 1.50 crs. The amount is estimated
towards buyers credit and
instalments are being
remitted on due dates.
Physical: Purchase of peripheral equipment and
repayment of Buyer’s credit
2] Second short-circuit alternator, Bhopal
The 2nd short circuit alternator for STDS, Bhopal at a cost of Rs. 67.34 crs. has been
installed and commissioned.
Financial: Rs. 18.68 crs Rs. 3.63 crs. No Shortfall.
Physical: The project to The project has been commissioned
be commissioned during Nov., 1996. The payments
during current year are due to suppliers. The projected
RE will be fully spent during 1996-97
3] Augmentation schemes
The following five Capital projects have been sanctioned to be taken up under 8th
a) Augmentation and modernisation of High Voltage Division at an estimated
cost of Rs. 10.39 crores. The project has since been completed.
b) Augmentation and modernisation of Laboratories in the Insulation Division at
an estimated cost of Rs. 5.31 crores. The project is completed and all
c) Augmentation Testing & Research facilities in Materials Technology Division
of CRTL at an estimated cost of Rs. 7.94 crores. The works under this project
are completed and all equipments commissioned.
d) Renovation, modernisation, upgradation and creating additional facilities for
the existing Short Circuit Laboratory at an outlay of Rs. 19.255 crores. The
project is in the final stages and is expected to be completed by the end of
e) Augmentation & Modernisation of STDS, Bhopal at an outlay of Rs. 19.335
crores. The project is in progress and is expected to be completed by
Financial: Rs. 22.3857 crores Rs. 8.7650 crores
The projected R.E.will be fully utilised during 1996-97.
7.1.7 CAPITAL PROJECT DETAILS (TARGETS FOR THE YEAR 1997-98)
The details of financial and physical targets for the year 1997-98 are furnished below:
1] Setting up of 2500 MVA Short Circuit Station, Bangalore
Financial : Rs. 1.78 crores
Physical : Repayment of buyers credit.
2] Augmentation schemes
Financial : Rs. 11.4020 crores
Physical : The augmentation scheme for short circuit
Laboratory and Augmentation scheme for STDS,
Bhopal to be completed by December, 1997.
3] Plan R&D
Financial : Rs. 1.50 crores
Physical : Thirty new R&D projects will be taken up from
1st April, 1997 and completion of R&D projects
taken up previously as per schedule. In addition,
a few sponsored projects also will be taken up
7.1.8 Other significant programme
i) Workshops/Seminars/Training Programmes
The Institute expects to organise a total of 15 workshops/training programmes etc.,
during the year 1997-98 which includes exposure and training programme for
Engineers and managers in power sector.
ii) RC PROJECTS
During the year, 105 research projects were investigated out which 23 projects
worth Rs. 480 lakhs were sponsored. 32 projects were successfully completed
during the year. 29 new projects have been taken up. Many of the projects being
investigated in the laboratories were sponsored by various agencies like Ministry of
Power,CBI&P, Ministry of Non-conventional Energy sources, Department of
Electronics, Departments of Science & Technology etc. During 1996-97, 29 projects
have been undertaken for investigation.
iii) Sponsored Projects
The Institute in its endeavour to help Utilities and Industries, expects to take up
many sponsored projects of relevance to the Power-sector. 20 projects have been
posed for external funding. Some of these projects are likely to be taken up during
the year 1997-98.
The revenue earning for the Institute for the year 1997-98 is expected to be Rs. 1725
lakhs against an anticipated revenue earning of Rs. 1620 lakhs during 1996-97.
7.2 Transfer of Technology in Hydro Development
7.2.1 This Technology Transfer Project under World Bank Loan is designed to upgrade technical
skill of CEA/CWC and GSI Engineers of existing status of technology in the field of hydro
power engineering and meet the requirement of development of large hydro electric Project.
The upgradation and absorption of their function in the field of hydro power technology
under the project would enable CEA/CWC/GSI to perform their function in the field of
hydro power in more efficient and effective manner. During the period of contract, experts
from Consultants will visit India and impart specialised training to engineers of CEA/CWC
and GSI. During the above period Engineers from CEA/CWC and GSI would also have
training in the design offices of Consultants, Power Plants and Research Institutes in USA/
Canada. Total man-months to be spent by the Consultants would be 108.45 (including
45.30 man-months in India and 63.15 man-months in Canada/USA).
World Bank has provided a loan of US $5 million for implementation of a training programme
to strengthen the capabilities of the Central Electricity Authority, Central Water Commission
and other selected agencies to plan, design and manage hydro power projects and associated
works including the acquisition of specialised office engineering equipment, technical
literature, computer hardware and software and utilisation of Consultants services as part
‘c’ of the Loan Agreement No. 3024 - IN for Nathpa Jhakri H.E. Project.
7.2.2 Implementation Programme
The Technology Transfer programme is envisaged to be completed in a period of three
years and will cover hydro electric planning, hydro-designs, hydro project construction
and computer system and computer aided design and drafting.
Ten percent advance payment amounting to US$ 257,330 and US$ 134,083 were made
on 29.3.95 to M/s. Hydro Quebec International, Canada and M/s Harza Engineering
Company, USA respectively. Income Tax amounting to Rs. 16.47 lakhs were also paid on
account of advance payment released to M/s. Hydro Quebec International and M/s. Harza
Engineering Company respectively.
7.2.3. Transfer of technology programme is scheduled for completion in three years commencing
from Ist May, 95 to April, 98.
1996-97 1996-97 Actual/ 1997-98
Estimated Likely achievement Estimated
- Training in Cons- Training of Engi- Follow up training
truction programme in neers in design & in Hydro Power
Canada. construction planning in India
programmes completed Year - 3
- Follow up training
in River Basin
planning in India Senior Officers 2nd Training on PC
for year 1. visit to the version of ATHENA
Consultants in Models for River
- Follow up training Canada/USA. Basin Planning.
on Hydro Power
Planning for Year 1 3 Engineers of CEA Follow up training
in India. and 2 Engineers of on Hydro Construc-
CWC have been tion Module for
- Follow up training trained in River year - 3.
on CADD and Computer Basin Planning
System for year 1 in in Canada from Jan Follow up training
India. 96 to April, 96. on Electrical/Mech-
anical Design, Soft-
- Senior Officers 2nd Follow up training ware Implementa-
visit to Consultants in River Basin tion, for Year - 3.
for review of the Planning, Hydro
training programme. Power Planning, Civil Designs on
Computer System civil structural
and CADD, Civil design, for year -
- Training in Civil/ and Electrical/ 1 & 2 programme,
Geotech Design Mechanical Design Hydraulic Analysis
Module. in India for Year - 1 for year - 1 & 2
- Training in Elec- ware Implementation
trical/Mechanical Workshop on envir- for year - 3
Design Module to be onmental planning programme.
held in USA. in India.
1996-97 1996-97 Actual/ 1997-98
Estimated Likely achievement Estimated
- Follow-up training Follow-up training
in Design Module in on all the modules
India for year - 1. for year - 2.
- Workshop on Envir- Purchase order for
onmental Planning in procurement of
India. computers placed.
- Follow-up training commissioning of
on all the modules computers.
for year 2.
A committee has
- Placement of order been set up for
for the procurement identifying and
of Computer systems procurement of
and installation the software
thereof. required for
- Completion of electrical
procurement and design.
Audio-visual Auditing of
systems in TOT Accounts
Lecture Halls. for the year
Scrutiny of the
Invoice of the
The following training institutes have been set up to cater to the necessary requirement of
trained personnel for operation and maintenance of sophisticated equipment at power
stations and transmission system:
9—593 M/o Power/96. 59
1. National Power Training Institute (NPTI), which operates Regional Training Institutes
at Neyveli, Durgapur, Delhi and Nagpur.
2. Hot Line Training Centre (HLTC), Bangalore.
3. Power System Training Institute (PSTI), Bangalore.
8.1 NATIONAL POWER TRAINING INSTITUTE
8.1.1 National Power Training Institute (NPTI), set up as a Government of India Society has
been involved in the service of Human Resources Development in the country’s Power
Sector since 1980. Besides its Headquarters office located at NPTI Complex, Sector-33,
Faridabad (Haryana), it operates on all India basis through four Regional Power Training
Institutes (RPTIs) located at Badarpur (New Delhi); Nagpur (Maharashtra); Durgapur
(West Bengal); and Neyveli (Tamil Nadu). The NPTI including its four regional Power
Training Institutes is fully equipped with latest state-of-the-art training infrastructure and
also expert faculty with long years of professional teaching background. The Training Institute
at Badarpur is equipped with a Computerised full scope simulator of 210 MW Fossil Fuel
Thermal Power Plant to provide off-job/hands-on operation training. Two more simulators
of 500 MW and 210 MW are in the process of getting commissioned at NPTI HQ and
the training Institute at Nagpur respectively. A Training Resources Unit is also functioning
at NPTI Hqrs. to develop training material to meet the training needs of power sector. The
infrastructure at the Regional Power Training Institutes was acquired through various
schemes which have already been completed and closed with a total expenditure of Rs.
In addition, an Institute for Advanced Learning and Management Studies for higher echelons
of power sector is being established at NPTI Complex, Faridabad. The envisaged role of
this Institute would be - Training of higher echelons of power sector; Training in advanced
and frontier technology; Training in Management areas; Training of faculties for plant level
Training Cells, State Regional Power Training Institutes; preparation of standardised training
material and training packages for training institutes of power sector and providing
consultancy to the utilities on training and technical problems including setting up of Plant
Level/State Level Training Institutes.
The four Regional Power Training Institutes of NPTI are conducting various Long-term
and short-term courses for Engineers, Supervisors, Operators and technicians in the areas
of Thermal Generation, Hydro Generation, Power Systems and other related fields. Upto
March, 1996, 42,370 personnel of various levels have been trained at these institutes
since their inception. The number of persons trained in the various courses during the year
1996-97 (upto November, 1996) is as follows:-
Sl. No. Courses No. of persons trained
A) Long-term Courses:
B) Short-term Courses:
C) Simulator Courses 96
D) On-Job/On-site courses 202
In addition to the above, NPTI has upgraded its 52 weeks Graduate Engineers Course to
the level of Post Graduate Diploma in Thermal Power Plant Engineering and got recognition
from All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE). The course has intake of 200
Engineers, 50 at each of the four Institutes. The first course commenced on 5th Aug.,
1996 and 174 candidates are attending the course.
Further Govt. of India, Department of Electronics have given accreditation for conducting
‘D’ Level Computer course at Nagpur and Badarpur Institutes of NPTI. A batch of 13
personnel at Nagpur and 17 personnel at Badarpur is undergoing the course.
The achievements in terms of trainee weeks has been 13419 during the year 1996-97
upto November, 1996. Anticipated trainee weeks for the whole year (1996-97) is around
8.1.3 STATUS OF SCHEMES
The following schemes are under implementation:
1. Installation of 210 MW Simulator for Nagpur Institute
The scheme for installation of 210 MW Simulator at Nagpur Institute was sanctioned
on 13.8.90 at an estimated cost of Rs. 1737.21 lakhs. The orders for manufacturing/
installation of Simulator was placed on M/s Electronics Corporation of India Ltd
(ECIL), a Government of India enterprise, Hyderabad on 26th March, 1993. Various
activities leading to the procurement/installation of Simulator are in progress and the
scheme is likely to be completed by March, 1997. The cumulative expenditure upto
31.3.96 was Rs. 711 lakhs. An amount of Rs. 976 lakhs has been projected for
payment in the year 1996-97 and Rs. 100 lakhs towards balance payments during
the year 1997-98.
2. Installation of 500 MW Simulator
The scheme for installation of 500 MW simulator was sanctioned on 13.8.90 at an
estimated cost of Rs. 1840.12 lakhs. The works for manufacturing/installation of
Simulator was awarded to M/s. Electronics Corpn. of India Ltd., Hyderabad on
17.2.94. The works relating to procurement/installation are in full swing and the
scheme is likely to be completed by the end of 1997. The cumulative expenditure
upto March, 1996 was Rs. 636 lakhs. An amount of Rs. 797 lakhs has been provided
in the R.E. 1996-97 and the balance will spill over to 1997-98.
3. National Power Training Institute (NPTI)
The scheme for setting up of NPTI together with an Institute for Advanced Learning
and Management Studies (INALMAS) was sanctioned on 26.2.91 at an estimated
cost of Rs. 12.73 crores. The entire civil works are being executed through CPWD
and the same are expected to be completed by March, 1997. The scheme is likely
to be completed by Dec., ’97. The cumulative expenditure upto 31.3.96 was
Rs. 609.41 lakhs. A provision of Rs. 167 lakhs has been made for the year
1996-97 and Rs. 497 lakhs for the year 1997-98.
4. Computer Based Training (CBT)
Computer Based Training was identified as one of the means for the delivering and
replicating consistent high quality training and this area was chosen worth-while for
support in Indian Power Sector by Overseas Development Administration (ODA).
The scheme at an estimated cost of Rs. 373.91 lakhs (comprising Rs. 194.91
lakhs as Indian Component and Rs. 179 lakhs as O.D.A. Component) has been
sanctioned by the Government of India. In addition to the CBT Unit at NPTI
Hqrs., CBT Sections at each of the four institutes is being established so as to
impart training to various power sector personnel through CBT packages. So far
NPTI has developed three packages on - Drum & Drum Internals, Turbine Vacuum
System and Generator Cooling System. Seven more packages are under
development. A sum of Rs. 14.82 lakhs has been incurred during the year 1995-
96. Rs. 180.09 lakhs (Indian Component) and Rs.179 lakhs (ODA Component)
are proposed to be spent during 1996-97 and the scheme is targetted for completion
by March, 1997.
5. Renovation of 210 MW Simulator at RPTI, Badarpur: The scheme envisages
replacement and renovation of old system by way of procurement, installation and
testing of new computer hardware and software systems, porting of modelling
software to new computer and disconnecting old computer from the simulator,
connecting to the new computer, testing and make it ready for training. The scheme
at an estimated cost of Rs. 224 lakhs has been submitted to the Government for
approval. A provision of Rs. 35 lakhs has been made for the year 1996-97 and
Rs. 189 lakhs for the year 1997-98.
8.1.4 FINANCIAL OUTLAY
The scheme wise details of Financial outlay for the 8th Plan, BE/RE 1996-97, actual
expenditure incurred upto December, 1996 and provision for BE 1997-98 are as under:-
(Rs. in crores)
Sl. Name of the VIII Plan B.E. R.E. Actuals B.E.
No. Scheme Outlay 1996-97 1996-97 upto 12/96 1997-98
1. Simulator (500 MW) 18.37 10.10 7.97 1.29 4.00
2. Simulator (210 MW) 17.32 7.40 9.77 1.74 1.00
3. N.P.T.I. 11.73 3.92 1.67 1.09 4.97
4. Computer Based Trg. 0.00 0.30 1.80 0.03 0.00
5. Renovation of 210 MW 2.58 0.35 0.35 0.00 1.89
Total 50.00 22.07 21.56 4.15* 11.86
* Balance of Rs. 17.41 crores would be spent during January to March, 1997 as per agreement
entered with ECIL.
The details of the Receipt and Expenditure are given below
(Rs. in lakhs)
i) Actual amount realised during 1995-96 161.24
ii) Anticipated realisation 1996-97 182.39
iii) Actual amount realised during 1996-97 189.71
(upto Dec., 1996)
iv) Targetted recoveries during 1997-98 212.67
(Rs. in lakhs)
Plan Non-Plan Total
Actuals 1995-96 1000.99 260.00 1260.00
Budget Estimates 1996-97 2207.00 265.00 2472.00
Revised Estimates 1996-97 2156.00 265.00 2421.00
Actuals (upto 12/96) 415.00 152.61 567.61
Budget Estimates 1997-98 1186.00 250.00 1436.00
HOT LINE TRAINING CENTRE, BANGALORE
8.2 Scope and object of the Institute
Proper maintenance of transmission/sub-transmission lines and sub-station is essential for
ensuring uninterrupted power supply to consumers. Normally, these works are carried out
after taking shut-downs of the transmission lines. This results in interruption of power
supply and consequent inconvenience to the consumers and also results in loss of revenue
to the supply undertakings, besides the loss in industrial and agricultural production. Live
Line Maintenance Techniques have been, therefore, evolved to avoid de-energisation of
lines for maintenance purpose so as to ensure utmost continuity of power supply to
consumers. But adoption of Live Line Maintenance Techniques necessitates proper and
adequate training of Maintenance personnel in these Techniques. The Hot Line Training
Centre, Bangalore meets this requirement by:-
a) Presently conducting four months training course in Live Line Maintenance Techniques
covering HV and EHV lines upto and including 220 KV by using Hot Stick
b) planned one month course for future (exclusively for those who have already
undergone training in course (a) above covering EHV lines upto and including 400
KV, using Bare Hand Techniques-to be taken up after shifting to permanent complex
8.2 Targetted date of completion and total capacity envisaged when fully developed
The first phase (Stage-I) of the project of establishment of Hot Line Training Centre was
completed in March, 1981. It was envisaged to train 50 persons per year in Hot Stick
Method of the Live Line Maintenance Techniques upto and including 220 KV. The second
phase (Stage-II) of the project for augmenting training facilities and for establishing the Hot
Line Training Centre on a permanent basis for imparting training to 100 personnel in a year
in Bare Hand Techniques and Hot Stick Method, likely to be completed by end of 1997-
98 subject to the early clearance of revised cost estimates.
8.2.2 All the machinery and equipment, land etc. have already been procured and civil works
are being carried out by Central Public Works Department. The faculty for the 400 kv
training sanctioned under Stage II is yet to be created/filled. The faculty themselves will
have to be trained before being deployed on training duty. Some of the existing faculty
members have been trained on Bare Hand Techniques by M/s. A.B. Chance Co. USA.
8.2.3 Present status and existing capacity
The Hot Line Training Centre, Bangalore is conducting intensive training in Hot Line
Techniques. 11 KV to 400 KV Experimental Lines have been erected at Somanahalli and
all other faculties like hostel, quarters, etc. are nearing completion.
The 200 KV Live Line Maintenance Technique Training Session, which is of four months
duration is being conducted throughout the year. The present intake is 15 trainees for each
session. The trainees are selected from various State Electricity Boards/Supply undertakings
of the Country.
8.2.3 The Training sessions are of four months duration and are conducted throughout the year.
The present in-take capacity is 15 trainees per session. The centre has trained 884 personnel
including 24 departmental officers/officials upto March, 1996 and has realised training
charges amounting to Rs. 75.73 lakhs till March 1996.
8.2.5 The financial requirement of Hot Line Training Centre is given below:-
(Rs. in Lakhs)
Budget Actuals Budget Revised Actuals Budget
provisions 1995-96 Estimates Estimates upto Estimates
under 1996-97 1996-97 Dec. 96 1997-98
Plan-Capital - 60.00 60.00 — 130.00
Plan-Revenue 7.69 10.75 10.40 3.11 21.00
Non-Plan 14.34 15.90 16.30 12.72 16.65
8.3 POWER SYSTEM TRAINING INSTITUTE, BANGALORE
8.3.1 The Power System Training Institute (PSTI), Bangalore, which has been set up to meet the
growing demand of trained engineers in the field of Power System is equipped to conduct
training programmes in the different disciplines of Power System. The training in various
aspects of Power System Operation imparted on a State-of-the-Art Despatcher Training
Simulator, commissioned in the year 1990-91 as a part of UNDP aided project is well
received by the participants.
8.3.2 The PSTI Stage-II on augmentation of training facilities has been sanctioned for an estimated
capital cost of Rs. 282.6 lakhs. Under the project, the Computer Laboratory has been
provided with the PC-based Computer System. This has enhanced the facility to train the
engineers in the field of Computer applications. The Protection Laboratory has been
augmented with the Static Relay Cubicles. The Communication Laboratory has been
commissioned with the field tunable PLCC equipments. The civil works in respect of
hostel extension has been completed and the facilities are in service. The works in respect
of office building extension are in progress and are likely to be completed in the year
In addition to the field of Power System, the PSTI is planning to organise training courses
at PSTI, Bangalore for officers of CEA at different levels to provide exposure to the
technological developments in various fields and increase their levels of competence and
The centre has trained 4525 personnel upto 1995-96. The position regarding number of
personnel trained, targets etc. is given below:-
TRAINED DURING TARGET FOR TRAINED DURING TARGET FOR
1995-96 1996-97 1995-96 1997-98
246 240 195 250
8.3.4 The financial requirements of PSTI Stage-I & II are given below:
(Rs. in Lakhs)
Budget Actuals Budget Revised Expen. Budget
provisions 1995-96 Estimates Estimates upto Estimates
under 1996-97 1996-97 Dec. 96 1997-98
Plan-Capital 40.90 28.00 28.00 0.26 15.00
Plan-Revenue 21.06 25.00 23.65 15.00 29.00
Non-Plan 38.39 41.00 43.54 30.47 44.08
9 DESIGN AND CONSULTANCY
9.1 Central Electricity Authority renders design and engineering services for detailed engineering,
monitoring, construction and O & M of power projects under execution/operation in the
Central/State sectors. Central Electricity Authority is also providing consultancy to State
Electricity Boards and power utilities for establishment of Load Despatch and communication
System Engineering Division of CEA is rendering Design and Consultancy Services to the
a) 400 KV Transmission Scheme associated with Srisailam Left Bank Power House
of APSEB being financed by OECF.
b) Eighth Plan Transmission Scheme of Government of Mizoram : Technical specification
for trans. lines including towers and sub-stations have been sent to Power Electricity
c) Rehabilitation of 220 KV Doble Circuit Ganga River crossing at Fatwah near Patna
of Bihar State Electricity Board : Technical Specifications for the above Electricity
project have already been sent to BSEB. BSEB have to invite the tenders/bids.
10—593 M/o Power/96. 67
d) 132 KV Single Circuit Mandal-Daltanganj Transmission Line of Bihar State Hydro
Electric Power Corporation : Tower design of above trans. line is under technical
e) Technical specification (Part II) for procurement of insulators for ±500 KV HVDC,
Chandrapur- Phadge link of MSEB being financed by World Bank, examined and
comments on the same to MSEB. Bids have been invited by MSEB and tenders are
expected to be opened shortly.
f) Procurement and operationalisation of application software package for design
appraisal of transmission system.
9.2 The budget provision is mainly for establishment meant for giving technical advice and
engineering services to State Electricity Boards, Central Sector Undertakings, Foreign
Govt. and Local bodies.
9.3 The financial requirements (wholly Non-Plan) are given below:
(Rs. in Lakhs)
Actuals Budget Revised Budget
1995-96 Estimates Estimates Estimates
1996-97 1996-97 1997-98
NON-PLAN 385.75 381.80 496.16 487.76
10 ENERGY CONSERVATION
10.1 Conservation and efficient use of energy has been treated as one of the major thrust areas
keeping in view the need to bridge the gap between the demand and availability of various
forms of energy. Measures to promote conservation of energy have been taken both on
the supply side and the demand side. These include awareness and training programmes,
energy audits, demonstration-cum-pilot projects and policy studies.
10.2 Supply Side Energy Conservation
10.2.1 Energy Conservation in Power Generation
(i) As a result of the measures carried out by various thermal power stations in the
country, there has been a continuous declining trend towards reduction of secondary
fuel oil consumption in thermal power stations. On All India level, the consumption
of secondary fuel oil by thermal power stations is estimated by the CEA to have
come down from 6.77 ml/kwh in the year 1991-92 to 4.53 ml/kwh in 1995-96,
resulting in an overall saving of the order of 5.8 lakh KL of fuel oil in comparison to
the 1991-92 level.
(ii) Further to the energy audits carried out at Kolaghat, Kota and Muzaffarpur thermal
power stations, energy audits at Ukai, Durgapur, Neyveli, Raichur, Panipat and
Indraprastha thermal power stations were undertaken by the CEA during 1996-97
as part of the project sanctioned in March, 1993 at a cost of Rs. 40 lakhs for energy
audits and secondary fuel oil reduction studies in 42 thermal power stations. The
project is likely to be completed in 1998-99.
(iii) Energy audits at Nasik, Chandrapur and Korba thermal power stations have been
undertaken by the CPRI during 1996-97 as part of the project for energy audits in
20 thermal power stations, sanctioned in 1993-94 for contribution of Rs. 10 lakhs
(50% of the total cost). The project is likely to be completed by March, 1999.
Implementation of the measures recommended in the completed energy audit reports
is being followed up with the utilities.
(iv) A project on performance enhancement in thermal power stations through tuning of
equipment during Annual/Capital Overhaul, sanctioned in March, 1995 for
contribution of Rs. 15 lakhs (75% of the total cost) has been taken up for
implementation by CPRI at various Thermal Power Stations and is likely to be
completed by March, 1999.
(v) Apart from these measures, the renovation and modernisation of various thermal
power units undertaken by the concerned utilities has also led to significant increase
in plant availability and thus avoiding new capacity on the generation side.
10.3 Energy Conservation in Transmission and Distribution of Power
10.3.1 Energy Audits in Distribution Netwoks of SEBs.
i) The pilot projects on energy audit in the distribution networks of the West Bengal
State Electricity Board, sanctioned in March 1994 for contribution of Rs. 181.03
lakhs (50% of the total cost), has been completed during 1996-97 and the Report
is under evaluation. A sum of Rs. 163.27 lakhs has already been released to WBSEB
till March, 1996 and the balance amount of Rs. 17.76 lakhs is likely to be released
ii) The pilot project on Energy Audit in the distribution network of Kerala State Electricity
Board sanctioned in November, 1994 for contribution of Rs. 114.62 lakhs (50% of
the total cost) is under progress and is expected to be completed by the end of
1997. An amount of Rs. 61.34 lakhs has already been released to KSEB till March,
1996 and an amount of Rs. 20 lakhs is likely to be released during 1996-97.
iii) A pilot project on energy audit in the distribution network of Haryana State Electricity
Board, sanctioned in January, 1996 for contribution of Rs. 117.89 lakhs (50% of
the total cost), has been taken up for implementation by HSEB and is likely to be
completed in 1998. An amount of Rs. 75.61 lakhs has already been released till
10.3.2 Demonstration/Pilot Projects on Energy Conservation in the Distribution Networks
of SEBs/Rural Electric Cooperatives
i) The pilot project for reduction of T&D losses in the system through installation of
3000 LT switched capacitors, sanctioned in February, 1994 for contribution of Rs.
245.60 lakhs, is under implementation through REC in Andhra Pradesh, Haryana,
Punjab and Tamil Nadu. As Gujarat, which was expected to participate in the project,
has opted out, the scope of the project has been restricted to 2374 capacitors and
the Govt. contribution reduced to Rs. 199.32 lakhs. The project is expected to be
completed in 1997-98. An amount of Rs. 196.50 lakhs has already been released
upto March, 1996 and the balance amount of Rs. 2.82 lakhs is expected to be
released in 1996-97.
ii) The pilot project for reduction of T&D losses in the system through installation of
3000 Amorphous Core transformers in the Distribution Networks of various SEBs,
sanctioned in March, 1994 for contribution of Rs. 300 lakhs (75% of the total cost)
is under implementation through REC. An amount of Rs. 250 lakhs has already
been released till March, 1996.
iii) Pilot projects on remote controlled load management in the distribution networks of
Punjab State Electricity Board (sanctioned in March, 1996 for contribution of Rs.
443.88 lakhs-80% of the total cost) and Rajasthan State Electricity Board (sanctioned
in September, 1996 for contribution of Rs. 297.50 lakhs-80% of the total cost) are
under implementation. Each of the two projects has a completion schedule of two
years. An amount of Rs. 220 lakhs has already been released for the PSEB project
till March, 1996. An amount of Rs. 148.75 lakhs has been released for the RSEB
project in 1996-97. Similar project proposals form UPSEB, TNEB, HSEB, and
MPEB are under consideration.
iv) A pilot project on reduction in T&D losses by conversion from low voltage three
phase distribution to the high voltage single phase distribution, sanctioned in March,
1996 for contribution of Rs. 320 lakhs (total cost: Rs. 427 lakhs), has been taken
up for implementation through REC in TNEB, RSEB & KEB. The project has a
completion schedule of two years. An amount of Rs. 160 lakhs has already been
released till March, 1996.
v) The pilot project on peak load reduction in the evening through conversion of
incandescent lamps to energy efficient flourescent tubes with electronic ballasts,
sanctioned in March, 1995 for contribution of Rs. 46.67 lakhs (total cost), is being
taken up for implementation in the distribution network of APSEB through REC
and HMT. The entire amount has been released to REC.
vi) An Energy conservation-cum-system improvement project, involving installation of
Amorphous Core Transformers and LT Capacitors, sanctioned in March, 1996 for
contribution of Rs. 508 lakhs (80% of the total cost), is under implementation in the
distribution network of the Rural Electrical Cooperative at Sirsilla, Andhra Pradesh,
through REC. The project is scheduled to be completed in a period of six years. An
amount of Rs. 210 lakhs has already been released to REC till March, 1996. Similar
schemes for implementation in the distribution networks of the Electric Cooperatives
in Hukeri (Karnataka) and Kuppam (AP) are under consideration.
vii) A demonstration project on energy conservation through restructuring of distribution
network, conversion of three-phase motors to single phase motors, and provision
of compact flourescent lamps for street lighting, sanctioned in September, 1996 for
contribution of Rs 31,522 lakhs (80% of the total cost), is under implementation in
Chandi Village in Medak Distt. of Andhra Pradesh. It is scheduled to be completed
in 16 months. An amount of Rs. 22.06 lakhs has been released in 1996-97 and the
balance amount is likely to be released in 1997-98.
viii) A pilot project for installation of 500 Electric Meters with Time-of-the-Day (TOD)
facility, sanctioned in February, 1997 for contribution of Rs. 88 lakhs (50% of the
total cost) is being taken up for implementation by the West Bengal State Electricity
Board in respect of the HT consumers. The installation of meters and other necessary
equipment is scheduled to be completed in 18 months. An amount of Rs. 30 lakhs is
likely to be released in 1996-97.
10.3.3 Other Projects for Energy Conservation in Transmission & Distribution
i) The project for setting up of Energy Meter Testing Facility, sanctioned in January,
1994 at a cost of Rs. 69.96 lakhs (revised to Rs. 86.51 lakhs in September, 1995)
is under implementation by the Central Power Research Institute (CPRI) and is
likely to be completed by July, 1997. An amount of Rs. 75 lakhs has already been
released till March, 1996 and the balance is likely to be released in 1996-97.
ii) The R&D project on reduction of losses in electricity distribution system through
suitable capacitors using a Solid State Switch, sanctioned in December, 1995 at a
cost of Rs. 10 lakhs, is under implementation through the Electrical Research &
Development Association (ERDA), Vadodara. The project is scheduled for
completion in a period of two years. An amount of Rs. 4 lakhs has been released till
March, 1996 and Rs. 2 lakhs is likely to be released during 1996-97.
iii) The R&D project on development of integrated energy efficient Stirling engine Battery/
Inverter System for Remote Area Power Generation, sanctioned in March, 1995 at
a cost of Rs. 23.20 lakhs, is under implementation at the Central Power Research
Institute (CPRI). The project is scheduled for completion in a period of three years.
An amount of Rs. 10 lakhs has already been released till March, 1996 and Rs. 5
lakhs is expected to be released in 1996-97.
iv) The R&D project on Statcon Dynamic Voltage Restorer, sanctioned in October,
1995 for contribution of Rs. 12 lakhs (against the total cost of Rs. 30.79 lakhs) is
under implementation by IIT, Delhi. The project is scheduled for completion in a
period of two years. An amount of Rs. 6 lakhs has already been released till March,
10.4. Demand Side Energy Conservation
10.4.1 Demonstration/Training Projects relating to Agriculture Sector
i) The project for rectification of 1350 agricultural pumpsets in Punjab was sanctioned
in June, 1991 for contribution of Rs. 19.31 lakhs. An amount of Rs. 3.86 lakhs has
already been released to PSEB till March, 1996. PSEB was subsequently advised
to increase the scope of the project to 2970 pumpsets by contributing the rectification
cost over and above Rs. 650 per pumpset. PSEB’s response is awaited. Release of
further funds is held up on this account.
ii) The project for rectification of 4900 pumpsets in Rajasthan, sanctioned in March,
1993 for contribution of Rs. 85.75 lakhs, had to be cancelled as RSEB expressed
its inability to implement the project within the prescribed ceiling and refunded the
amount of Rs. 8 lakhs already released to it.
iii) A project for rectification of 800 agricultural pumpsets in Haryana, sanctioned in
March, 1995 for contribution of Rs. 11 lakhs (50% of the total cost) is under
implementation through the Haryana Council of Science & Technology. The
completion of the project has been delayed beyond the scheduled period of one
year. An amount of Rs. 5 lakhs has already been released till March, 1996. An
amount of Rs. 3 lakhs is likely to be released in 1996-97.
iv) A project for rectification of 5000 agricultural pumpsets in Gujarat, sanctioned in
March, 1996 for contribution of Rs. 75 lakhs (50% of the total cost), is under
implementation by the Gujarat Electricity Board. The project is scheduled to be
completed in a period of two years. An amount of Rs. 20 lakhs has already been
released till March, 1996.
v) A project for rectification of 1000 agricultural pumpsets, sanctioned in March, 1995
for a contribution of Rs. 15 lakhs (85% of the total cost), has been implemented in
Andhra Pradesh by the Society for Energy, Environment and Rural Development
(SEERD), Hyderabad. The entire amount of Rs. 15 lakhs has been released, including
the amount of Rs. 3 lakhs released in 1996-97.
vi) A project to set up five demonstration centres on energy efficient electric lift irrigation
pumping system, sanctioned in March, 1994 at a cost of Rs. 9.75 lakhs, is under
implementation by Andhra Pradesh Productivity Council (APPC). The demonstration
centres were set up in five Districts and are now being shifted to another five Districts
in the State. An amount of Rs. 8.75 lakhs has been released so far, including Rs.
2.75 lakhs in 1996-97.
vii) A project for training of 1000 officers from Banks, SEBs and other organisations, in
energy efficient pumping system, sanctioned in February, 1995 at a cost of Rs. 10
lakhs, is under implementation through the Rural Electrification Corporation Ltd.
(REC). An amount of Rs. 6 lakhs has already been released, including Rs. 2 lakhs in
1996-97. A further amount of Rs. 2 lakhs is likely to be released in 1996-97.
10.4.2 Energy Audits, Demonstration projects, Training Programmes and Studies relating
to Industry Sector
i) The project for energy audit in 112 small & medium APIDC supported industrial
units in Andhra Pradesh, sanctioned in March, 1994 for contribution of Rs. 39.76
lakhs (50% of the total cost), could not be completed by the Society for Conservation
of Energy, Andhra Pradesh, due to the industrial units declining to contribute 50% of
the cost of energy audit. The project has therefore been called off, limited to the
expenditure already incurred on diagnostic energy audits.
ii) The project for evolving energy consumption norms in respect of foundries and
mini-steel industries, sanctioned at a cost of Rs. 5.01 lakhs, has been completed
through EMC and the Confederation of Indian Industries (CII). The entire amount
has already been released to EMC.
iii) A feasibility study for co-generation in small and medium agro-paper mills, sanctioned
in March, 1996 at a cost of Rs. 10 lakhs, is under preparation by the Indian Agro
Paper Mills Association, New Delhi. An amount of Rs. 8 lakhs has already been
released till March, 1996 and the balance amount of Rs. 2 lakhs is likely to be
released in 1996-97.
iv) An application oriented training programme for the first line engineers of process &
engineering industries, sanctioned in December, 1994 at a cost of Rs. 4.15 lakhs, is
under implementation in A.P. by the Andhra Pradesh Productivity Council (APPC).
An amount of Rs. 1.04 lakhs has already been released till March, 1996 and the
balance amount of Rs. 3.11 lakhs is likely to be released in 1997-98 based on the
progress report from APPC, which is awaited.
v) The research-cum-demonstration project on energy conservation in Aluminium
Electrolysis by bringing down the operating temperature of Electrolyte, sanctioned
in March, 1995 at a cost of Rs. 18 lakhs, is under implementation through EMC and
the Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CERI), Tamil Nadu. The project
was scheduled to be completed in a period of two years and is under progress, the
entire amount has already been released to EMC.
10.4.3 Miscellaneous projects for Demand Side Management.
A project for preparation of DSM Plan for Gujarat sanctioned at a cost of Rs. 11 lakhs in
March, 1995 is under implementation through EMC and the Tata Energy Research Institute
(TERI). The report prepared by TERI has been examined by EMC and the matter is
under further discussion with TERI for some additional inputs. An amount of Rs. 5.50
lakhs has already been released upto March, 1996.
10.5 Awareness Campaign
The multimedia campaign to spread awareness and educate consumers through dissemination
of information on conservation and efficient use of energy has been continued during the
year through the Energy Management Centre. An amount of Rs. 275 lakhs has been
sanctioned to EMC in 1996-97 for this purpose. The campaign involves spreading the
message and knowledge of energy conservation through press, radio, TV, pamphlets,
brochures, hoardings, seminars and workshops etc.
10.6 Energy Conservation Awards
14th December is observed as the Energy Conservation Day every year to renew the
focus on the need for energy conservation. Awards are also distributed on this day by the
Ministry of Power to industrial units which have achieved significant energy savings by
adopting energy conservation measures. In 1996, the Awards were bagged by 25 industrial
units in Aluminium, Chemicals, Chlor- Alkali, Fertilizers, Integrated Steel Plant, Refineries,
Petrochemicals, Pulp & Paper, Sugar and Textiles sub-sectors.
10.7 Internationally Supported Projects to promote Energy Conservation
i) The Indo-EEC Energy Management Cooperation Programme Phase-II, sanctioned
in August, 1994 for contribution of Rs. 230 lakhs, is under implementation through
the Energy Management Centre. An amount of Rs. 65 lakhs has already been
released, including Rs.25 lakhs in 1996-97.
ii) The Indo-German Technical Cooperation on Energy Conservation in Industrial
Sector, sanctioned in March, 1994 for contribution of Rs. 79 lakhs, is under
implementation through Energy Management Centre (EMC) and the Tata Energy
Research Institute (TERI). An amount of Rs. 10 lakhs has already been released till
iii) An Energy Efficiency Suppport Project, with support from the Asian Development
Bank (ADB), is being taken up for implementation through the Energy Management
Centre in a period of 3 years. The proposal is under consideration for sanction of
Govt. contribution of approx. Rs. 170 lakhs.
11—593 M/o Power/96.
iv) An Indo-US Energy Efficiency Cooperation Programme is being taken up for
implementation through Energy Management Centre. No Government contribution is
envisaged for this project.
10.8 Energy Management Centre
Energy Management Centre (EMC) is an autonomous organisation of the Ministry of
Power, registered under the Societies Act. It was set up in April, 1989 in collaboration
with the European Economic Community (EEC), to strengthen the energy management
capability in the country. It advises the Ministry of Power on matters relating to conservation
and efficient use of energy. It is focussing its attention on policy, research, training of senior
technical personnel, development of data on energy usages and dissemination of information
to the main energy consuming sectors through workshops, seminars, multi-media awareness
Activities undertaken by EMC during 1996-97 towards fulfilment of its objectives revolved
around dissemination of information on Energy Conservation, projects and studies, acting
as the implementing agency for several international co-operation projects in this field and
handling of the Energy Conservation Awareness Campaign on behalf of the Ministry of
Power besides organising training programmes/workshops for senior technical personnel
from private/public sector companies/Govt. Organisation.
Dissemination of information was carried out through publication of quarterly news bulletin,
publication and sale/distribution of its publications, displays/sale of its publications, video
cassettes on energy conservation, printing and distribution of technical literature/folders
etc. Several macro-level studies bearing on conservation policies, energy audits etc. were
An amount of Rs. 55 lakhs has been provided under RR 1996-97 for grants-in-aid to
EMC for its own administrative and activity expenditure. An amount of Rs. 55 lakhs has
also been provided in BE 1997-98.
11 PUBLIC SECTOR UNDERTAKINGS
11.0.1 There are six public sector undertakings, two statutory bodies and two joint sector
corporations under the administrative control of the Ministry of Power, which are as follows:
1. PUBLIC SECTOR UNDERTAKINGS
i) National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), New Delhi.
ii) National Hydro-electric Power Corporation (NHPC), New Delhi.
iii) North-Eastern Electric Power Corporation (NEEPCO), Shillong.
iv) Power Finance Corporation (PFC), New Delhi.
v) Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd. (POWER GRID), New Delhi.
vi) Rural Electrification Corporation (REC), New Delhi.
2. JOINT VENTURE CORPORATION
i) Tehri Hydro Development Corporation (THDC), New Delhi.
ii) Nathpa Jhakri Power Corporation (NJPC), New Delhi.
3. STATUTORY BODIES
i) Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC), Calcutta.
ii) Bhakra Beas Management Board.
A brief description of these corporations and their activities is indicated in the
11.1 NATIONAL THERMAL POWER CORPORATION LIMITED (NTPC)
11.1.1 NTPC was set up in 1975 as a Central Sector generating company for the development of
thermal power. The Corporation is at present engaged in operating/setting up Twelve (12)
thermal power projects and six (6) gas based power projects. Out of the total approved
capacity of 19115 MW, NTPC has already commissioned 16845 MW. In 1995-96 alone,
NTPC has added 1170 MW of generation capacity, which includes 460 MW of Talcher
TPS, which was taken over by NTPC on 2.6.95.
NTPC has generated 90822 MUs of electricity during the year 1995-96 and the coal
stations of NTPC registered a PLF of 78.80%, NTPC has planned to generate 86410
MUs during 1996-97.
11.1.2 INSTALLED CAPACITY AS ON 31.12.96
Sl. PROJECT REGION CAPACITY
1 SINGRAULI NORTHERN 2000
2 KORBA WESTERN 2100
3 RAMAGUNDAM SOUTHERN 2100
4 FARAKKA EASTERN 1600
5 VINDHYACHAL-I WESTERN 1260
6 RIHAND NORTHERN 1000
7 ANTA NORTHERN 419
8 AURAIYA NORTHERN 663
9 KAWAS WESTERN 656
10 KAHALGAON EASTERN 840
11 NCTPP NORTHERN 840
12 DADRI GAS NORTHERN 830
13 UNCHAHAR NORTHERN 420
14 GANDHAR GAS WESTERN 657
15 TALCHER EASTERN 1000
16 TTPS EASTERN 460
Region wise summary of the installed capacity is as under:-
NORTHERN WESTERN EASTERN SOUTHERN TOTAL
THERMAL (MW) 4260 3360 3900 2100 13620
GAS (MW) 1912 1313 0 0 3225
TOTAL 6172 4673 3900 2100 16845
11.1.3 JOINT VENTURE PROJECTS
Spectrum Power Generation Ltd. (SPGL)
NTPC has co-promoted Godavari Gas Power Project (208 MW) at Kakinada in Andhra
Pradesh, alongwith Spectrum Technologies, USA and Jaya Food Industries Ltd.,
Hyderabad to form M/s Spectrum Power Generation Company Ltd. (SPGL). The Project
has made substantial progress and was slated to commence generation by the end of
1996. NTPC has initiated legal proceedings against the Co-promoters, for non compliance
of promoters’ agreement.
NTPC-BSES Joint Venture
NTPC and BSES Ltd. have promoted a Joint Venture Power Company namely Utility
Powertech Ltd., Himachal Pradesh and the Promoters’ Agreement was signed on 28th
March, 1996. The JV company, would undertake construction, erection and project
management activities for projects in Power and other Sectors.
MoU for Petro Fuel Based Projects
NTPC signed an MoU with IOC on 8.4.96, for setting up Petro fuel based power stations
The Consultancy Wing was incorporated in 1989.
The Consultancy Division has registered a turn-over of Rs. 36.24 crores and received
orders worth Rs. 15.69 crores during the year 1995-96.
The international operation of Consultancy Division has bagged the contract for the
preparation of DPR for Mechuchuma Power Project in Tanzania.
Awir and Hatta Contract of Dubai Electricity and Water Authority, Dubai has recently
been completed, while 21 sub-stations contracts for Nepal Electricity Authority are in
advance stage of completion.
NTPC is offering Consultancy services for 2x250 MW Raigarh Thermal Power Plant of
M/s Jindal Power Ltd and Videocon Power Project (2x500 MW).
11.1.5 Financial Performance
The profit after tax for the year 1995-96 is Rs. 1352.61 crores as compared to Rs.
1124.55 crores in 1994-95. The details during last three years is as under:-
1993-94 1994-95 1995-96
Profit after Tax 1057.97 1124.55 1352.61
NTPC has declared a dividend of Rs. 195 crores for the year 1995-96 and the same has
been paid to the Govt. in Dec. 96.
Against a capital outlay of Rs. 1697.85 crores for RE 1995-96, actual expenditure incurred
on capital schemes worked out to Rs. 1572.25 crores after taking into account ERV etc.
The approved Capital outlay for BE 1996-97 is for Rs. 1949.89 crores. Project-wise
Approved cost, actual expenditure upto 3/96, plan outlay for 1996-97 & 1997-98 and
commissioning schedule is given in Annexure-IV.
The Financing of BE 1996-97, RE 1996-97 and for BE 1997-98 is as under:
Description BE RE BE
1996-97 1996-97 1997-98
A. Outlay 1949.89 1482.30 2122.60
Internal Resources 850.00 452.48 505.33
Power Bonds 391.08 387.50 150.00
Inter Corporate - - -
Foreign Loans-Committed 487.65 421.16 657.61
Foreign Loans (uncommitted)
- Budgetary support - - 636.91
- External assistance 221.16 221.16 172.75
- Net Budgetary support - - -
11.2 NATIONAL HYDROELECTRIC POWER CORPORATION LIMITED
11.2.1 National Hydro-electric Power Corporation was set up in 1975 to promote the development
of hydro-electric Power project in the central sector in all its aspects including investigation,
construction, generation, operation and maintenance of hydro-electric power stations,
transmission, distribution and sale of power and also to undertake, where necessary the
construction of interstate transmission lines for timely and co-ordinated inter-state exchange
of power. With the formation of PowerGrid Corporation of India Ltd., works relating to
transmission lines are no more in the purview of NHPC.
11.2.2 CAPITAL STRUCTURE
The authorised share capital of the corporation has been increased from Rs. 2500 crores
to Rs. 3500 crores during 1996-97. The paid up capital of the Corporation as on 31.3.96
is Rs. 2293.44 crores excluding the share money deposits of Rs. 596.84 crores on that
date. Government has also invested Rs. 571.94 crores (balance after repayment) as loan
upto 31.3.96. The external loans and other borrowings of the corporation towards capital
fund as on 31.3.96 are:-
(Rs. in crores)
Chamera I - EDC 394.46
Uri - Chartered west L.B. Ltd 140.41
- Skandinaviska 684.88
- Nordic Investment Bank 165.50
Dulhasti - C.C.D.F. 380.86
Bonds & Others - 2479.54
11.2.3 HYDRO-POWER PROJECTS
The Corporation has so far completed construction of seven hydro-electric projects, as
Sl. PROJECTS STATE INSTALLED YEAR OF
No. CAPACITY COMPLETION
(i) BAIRA SIUL H.P. 198 1982
(ii) LOKTAK MANIPUR 105 1983
(iii) SALAL STAGE-I J&K 345 1987
(iv) TANAKPUR U.P. 120 1992
(v) CHAMERA I H.P. 540 1994
(vi) SALAL ST. II J&K 345 1996
(vii) DEVIGHAT NEPAL 14 1984
(On Agency basis)
First six of the above projects are in the ownership of the Corporation and are generating
power. However, Devighat project was done on Agency basis and handed over to Nepal
The corporation is presently engaged in the construction of the following hydel projects:-
PROJECT NAME STATE CAPACITY
i) Uri J&K 480 M.W.
ii) Dulhasti J&K 390 M.W.
iii) Rangit Sikkim 60 M.W.
iv) Dhauliganga-I U.P. 280 M.W.
v) Kurichu Bhutan 45 M.W.
(As an Executing agency)
vi) Kalpong A&N Islands 2.25 M.W.
(As an Executing agency)
11.2.4 PERFORMANCE IN OPERATIONAL PROJECTS
During 1994-95 five hydro-power generating stations, namely, Baira Siul (H.P.), Loktak
(Manipur), Salal Stage-I (J&K) & Tanakpur H.E. Project (U.P.) and Chamera Stage-I
(H.P.) were in operation. Salal Stage-II project in J&K was commissioned during 1995-
The performance of operation during 1995-96 and the targets for 1996-97 and 1997-98
are summarised as:-
1995-96 1996-97 1997-98
(Actual) (Targets) (Targets)
Installed capacity (M.W.) 1653 2013 2133
Generation (M.U.) 6141 5860 7710
Sale of Power (M.U.) 5303 5105 6725
Sales revenue (Rs/Crs.) 509.13 512.02 1013.29
(After tariff Adj.)
11.2.5 TECHNOLOGICAL UPGRADATION
Under the technology transfer schemes provided in the turnkey agreement for Chamera,
Dulhasti and Uri Projects, the Corporation’s employees underwent training in various fields
of construction as well as operation of hydro power projects with a view to upgrade the
technology. Active inter-action and liaison with the bureau of Indian standards are being
maintained through participation in and deliberation of various technological committees
involved with the formation and revision of guidelines for various structures/elements of
hydro power projects etc. As part of its efforts in the direction of technology absorption,
adaptation and innovations, the Corporation has brought in seismic tomography for effective
interpretation of sub-surface geology. This technique would permit inter-bore hole scanning
of sub-surface geological characteristics which is of immense value in the design of
hydroelectric projects. Again with the acquisition of SINCO-1000 (USA) inclinometer,
monitoring study of instability prone slopes can be conducted by the Company itself using
this in-house facility.
11.2.6 CONSULTANCY SERVICES
With a view to encash the vast experience and expertise gained by the Corporation
over the last 20 years, in the investigation, design, construction and operation of
Hydro Power Projects, the Corporation has set up a Consultancy wing. During the
12—593 M/o Power/96. 83
year the Corporation has provided consultancy services to NTPC for hydrological studies
and NJPC for hydraulic transient studies. The work of Jawahar Tunnel lining was completed
before schedule under difficult conditions. A long term MOU is under finalisation with
Border Roads Organization for all future tunnelling works.
11.2.7 CONSERVATION OF ENERGY
NHPC is taking active part in the energy conservation programme of the government and
has set up an in-house committee which time to time reviews efforts taken by the corporation
for Energy Conservation.
11.2.8 PROJECT INVESTIGATION
NHPC completed investigation of a good number of hydro-power projects including
Dulhasti, Koel Karo, Tanakpur, Chamera, Dhaleshwari, different stages of Dhauliganga,
Gauriganga and Kishenganga etc. in the central section with a total grant of Rs. 18.76
crores in this regard from the Govt. of India and submitted feasibility/detailed project
reports. Identification of few more such project investigation schemes are in process.
11.2.9 PERFORMANCE AGAINST MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING
A Memorandum of Understanding was signed in 1995-96 between N.H.P.C. and the
Ministry of Power setting targets of different performances parameters such as Generation,
Machine Availability, Financial parameters of Gross Margin and Net Profit as percentage
of Capital employed, achievement of project implementation milestones, completion of
tariff agreement with beneficiaries, rehabilitation of affected persons, HRD Programme
etc. Actual performances of the corporation exceeded the targets in a number of cases
and overall performances of it is rated EXCELLENT. The targets for performance rating
and actual achievements are shown in the statement enclosed at Annexure V.
11.3 NORTH EASTERN ELECTRIC POWER CORPORATION (NEEPCO)
11.3.1 The North Eastern Electric Power Corporation (NEEPCO) was registered as a company
under the Company Act,1956 on 2nd April, 1976 with the objective to develop in all its
aspects, electric power in the North Eastern Area, formulation of regional policy for the
development of electric power stations and projects, transmission, distribution and sale of
11.3.2 The Corporation has already constructed and commissioned Kopili Hydro-electric Project
(150 MW). Both the Power Stations under this project i.e. Khandong Power House
(2x25 MW) and Kopili Power House (2x50 MW) which together forms the Kopili Project
have been under operation since May, 1984 and July, 1988 respectively. The
project achieved a total generation of 707.26 million units during 1995-96, as against the
target of 850 MUs. As against the target of 806 million units, the project achieved 706.36
MU upto November,1996.
11.3.3 North Eastern Electric Power Corporation is presently executing the following projects in
the North Eastern Region:-
1. Doyang Hydro-electric Project - 75 MW (Nagaland)
2. Ranaganadi Hydro-electric Project - 405 MW - Stage I (Arunachal Pradesh)
3. Kathalguri Gas based combined cycle Power Project - 291 MW (Assam)
4. Kopili HE Project Stage I Extension (2x50 MW), Assam.
5. Agartala Gas Turbine Power Project (84 MW) (Tripura)
The projects likely to be undertaken by NEEPCO are as under:
(i) Tuirial HE Project (60 MW), Mizoram
(ii) Tuivai HE Project (210 MW), Mizoram
(iii) Lower Kopili HE Project (150 MW), Assam
(iv) Karbi Langpi (Lower Borpani) (100 MW), Assam
(v) Kameng HE Project (600 MW), Arunachal Pradesh
(vi) Dikrong HE Project (100 MW), Arunachal Pradesh
(vii) Loktak Downstream HE Project (90 MW), Manipur (to be executed by NHPC)
The authorised share capital of the Corporation is Rs. 1500 crores. The funds for the
Doyang and Ranganadi HE projects sponsored by North Eastern Council are provided
to the Corporation by the Council through the Ministry of Home Affairs. The Kathalguri
Gas Based Power Project and Kopili Hydro-electric project - 1st Stage Extn. (100 MW)
and Agartala GTPP are being funded in the Central Sector. The total capital and loan as on
31st March, 1996 stood at Rs. 1317.29 crores and Rs. 897.50 crores respectively including
bonds amounting to Rs. 224.80 crores. Loan from Govt. of India including capitalization
of interest stood at Rs. 459.80 crores as on 31.03.1996.
11.3.5 FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE
The gross profit for the year 1995-96 (after depreciation) and the net profit were Rs.
66.45 crores and Rs. 25.88 crores respectively. The total collection of revenue from Assam
which is a major beneficiary amounted to Rs. 92.51 crores. Despite this, the total outstanding
dues from Assam stood at Rs. 93.38 crores excluding interest as on 30th September,
11.3.6 During the year 1997-98 a provision of Rs. 147.01 crores has been earmarked. The
details of Budgetary Support provided for the projects under North Eastern Electric Power
Corporation are as under:-
(Rs. in crores)
BE 96-97 RE 96-97 BE 97-98
Kathalguri Gas Based Project 79.29 109.29 85.00
Kopili Extension Project 24.00 24.00 25.00
Agartala 38.11 38.11 35.48
R&M of Kopili HEP - - 3.53
Total 141.40 171.40 147.01
11.4 POWER FINANCE CORPORATION LIMITED
11.4.1 The Power Finance Corporation Limited (PFC) was incorporated on July 16, 1986 with
the objective of providing term-finance for Power Generation Projects (Hydel & Thermal),
Transmission and Distribution, System Improvement, Urban Distribution, Renovation &
Modernisation, Survey & Investigation and Training of Personnel engaged in the Power
Development Programme. The Corporation commenced its lending business during 1987-
11.4.2 The funds have till now been mainly provided to the State Electricity Boards and State
Power Generation Corporations. The projects are formulated and implemented by these
bodies. In the light of the increasing requirements of Power Sector for financing, the board
of PFC has already taken a decision to widen the category of its borrowers from State
Power Utilities to cover other such utilities including those in the Joint, Municipal, Central
and Private Sector. The funds provided by the Corporation are in the nature of additionality
to Plan allocations to States and are available for application based on merits of the individual
11.4.3 The soaring demand for power, with shortage expected to rise to 14% of energy and 28%
of peak capacity requirements in 1997-98, has underlined the need for the Indian Power
Sector entities, both existing and emerging ones, to grow at a scorching pace. The initiatives
made by the Govt.of India towards liberalised economy ushering market competitions
have thrown significant business opportunities for power utilities, both in central and state
sectors; Independent Power Producers (IPPs) and various other specialised outfits. In the
ultimate analysis, this translates into a major avenue of growth and expansion for development
financial institutions like PFC.
On its part, PFC is exploring various opportunities which would not only expand business
of PFC but also enable it to play a vital role in the Power Sector Development of the
country. PFC has considered the following business options:
(a) Leasing of Power equipments.
(b) Bills discounting.
(c) Lending to Private sector projects and Central Utilities.
(d) Loan syndication.
(e) Financial advisory services.
11.4.4 While considering the Projects for financing, PFC is guided by its Memorandum and Articles
of Association as also its Operational Policy Statement. The norms include appropriate
criteria for financing Power Projects for optimising Power Development and Supply,
assigning of financing resources to match with the physical requirement of Projects in and
appropriate concepts and criteria for economic and financial justification of projects and
for monitoring implementation of the projects. In the past few years, the Corporation
adopted a strategy to maximise availability of Power in the short-term and to guide the
developments of the power sector along the optimal path. Both operations of the
Corporation aim at augmenting resources for the state power sector and bringing about
improvement in efficiency, both in its operational and financial areas during the Ninth Plan
11.4.5 PFC has an Authorised Share Capital of Rs. 2,000 crores. The paid-up share capital as
on 30th November, 1996 is Rs. 1030.45 crores, all of which has been subscribed by the
The funds position as on 31st March, 1996 is indicated below:-
(Rs. in Crores)
Sl. No. Item As on 31/03/1996
1. 2. 3.
1. Equity 1030.45
2. Market Borrowings 1890.53
3. Foreign Currency Loans 623.47
4. Government Loans 460.00
5. Reserves and Surplus 846.82
11.4.6 In the year 1996-97, the Corporation has envisaged a programme for disbursement of Rs.
1200 crores for financing the projects. The corporation has accorded high priority for the
Urban Distribution, Transmission, Renovation and Modernisation and Generation Projects
to be completed during the 8th Five Year Plan.
The details of amount sanctioned, made of Rupee Loans, are as follows:-
A : LOANS/LEASE SANCITONS
(Rs. in Crores)
Sl. Scheme Loans/Lease Cumulative Loans/
No. Sanctioned Lease sanctioned
(upto Nov. ’96) (upto Nov. ’96)
1. 2. 3. 4.
1. Renovation & 148.93 991.34
1. 2. 3. 4.
2. Transmission, 396.25 5227.03
3. Shunt Capacitor 28.47 320.92
4. Generation Projects 1159.00 3893.97
5. Pre-Investment Scheme 9.68 118.22
6. Technical Assistance 4.26 54.48
7. Leasing 5.47 285.47
TOTAL LOANS/LEASE SANCTIONS 1752.06 10891.43
B. Bill Discounting 393.31 393.91
GRAND TOTAL (A+B) 2145.37 11284.74
11.4.7 As a part of its efforts to mobilise resources for Power projects, the Corporation had
signed loan agreement with French Bank under the Indo-French protocol for a credit of
FRF 304.74 million for implementation of Yelahanka Diesel Generation Project of Karnataka
Electricity Board. The entire loan has been disbursed.
The Corporation had also signed a Complementary Loan Agreement for loans amounting
to US$ 60 million and Japanese Yen 7500 million with the Asian Development Bank under
its Complementary Financing Scheme, for Rayalseema (AP) & North Madras (TN) Thermal
Power Stations. The Corporation has effected the entire drawals against these loans
according to the schedule of drawal.
The World Bank and the Asian Development Bank have further assisted PFC in undertaking
term - finance for certain specified categories of projects. The Loan Agreement and Project
Agreement both dated 14th Feb. ’92 for the IBRD Loan (World Bank) of US$ 265
million for “Power Utilities Efficiency Improvement Project” to be carried by PFC became
effective from 18th March, 1992. The implementation of the Project had already progressed
and 49 schemes of six beneficiary SEBs, for Rs. 1086.93 crores had been sanctioned
upto 30th November ’1996. Moreover the Corporation has set-up a US$ 21 million Pre-
Investment Fund to provide financial assistance to State Electricity Boards and other Power
Utilities for Projects preparation, Institutional Development etc. PFC had sanctioned 26
schemes for 104.80 crores under Pre-Investment fund till November ’1996. In addition to
this the Pre-Investment Fund (PFC’s resources) 35 schemes of 6 loans amounting to Rs.
13.42 crores have been sanctioned.
A loan of US$ 250 million for Power Efficiency (Sector) Project from ADB became
effective from 22nd July, 1992. Financing by PFC of 112 power projects through loans
aggregating Rs. 817.20 crores had been undertaken upto 30th November, 1996.
To enable State Electricity Boards to hire consultants to advise them in negotiating Power
Purchase and other related agreements with Private Power Producers, PFC established a
Technical Assistance Project Loan of US$ 20 million under the World Bank Assistance.
PFC had sanctioned 10 loans amounting to US$ 16.47 million under the Technical Assistance
Project till 30th November ’1996.
11.4.8 Financial Leasing scheme for Power equipment was finalised after deep study of the market
conditions. A number of SEBs and SGCs have shown keen interest in availing leasing
finance from PFC. PFC has sanctioned lease finance to the extent of Rs. 285.47 crores till
Bill discounting scheme has been finalised after a survey conducted amongst SEBs/SGCs
whose response was encouraging.
Bill discounting scheme has been introduced.
Lending to Private Power Companies has been in hand as a part of the business expansion
plan of PFC. PFC will provide finance on its own or enter into consortium arrangements
with other financial institutions like IDBI, IFCI, ICICI, SBI CAPS etc./for co-financing of
R&M Projects, new generation projects and transmission and distributioin projects etc.
The terms and conditions and modalities of financing have been finalised.
11.4.9 With a view to improving their operational efficiency and financial performance, the
Corporation requires its state utilities borrowers to formulate an Operational and Financial
Action Plan (OFAP) to the satisfaction of the Corporation. This is required to be accepted
by the State Government also.
OFAPs have been formulated and accepted in respect of the following State Electricity
Boards (SEBs) as on 30th November ’1996 as under:-
Sl. No. State Electricity Boards (SEBs)
1. Andhra Pradesh State Electricity Board (APSEB),
2. Gujarat Electricity Board (GEB),
3. Karnataka Electricity Board (KEB),
4. Madhya Pradesh Electricity Board (MPEB),
5. Punjab State Electricity Board (PSEB),
6. Rajasthan State Electricity Board (RSEB),
7. Maharashtra State Electricity Board (MSEB),
8. Himachal Pradesh State Electricity Board (HPSEB),
9. Uttar Pradesh State Electricity Board (UPSEB),
10. Haryana State Electricity Board (HSEB),
11. Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB),
12. West Bengal State Electricity Board (WBSEB),
13. Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB)
OFAPs have been formulated and accepted in respect of the following State Generation
Corporations (SGCs), as under:-
Sl. No. State Generation Corporations (SGCs)
1. Bihar State Hydro Power Corporation (BSHPC),
2. Tenughat Vidyut Nigam Limited (TVNL),
3. West Bengal Power Development Corporation Ltd. (WBPDCL),
4. Orissa Power Generation Corporation (OPGC),
5. Durgapur Projects Ltd. (DPL),
6. Karnataka Power Corporation Ltd. (KPCL),
7. Department of Power (Nagaland) and
8. Orissa Hydro Power Corporation
OFAP has also been formulated and accepted for Nagaland State Power Department and
Bombay Electric Supply and Transport (BEST).
13—593 M/o Power/96. 91
Action is in hand regarding formulation of OFAP for the remaining State Power Utilities.
The Corporation has developed a computerised model for financial forecasting of State
Electricity Boards/State Power Generations Corporation. Officers of SEBs/SGCs have
been given training for using this model. This can be used for periodic monitoring of financial
performance of the Utilities at short intervals.
11.4.10 For the purpose of providing technical assistance, training, studies, etc., required to improve
the technological and management capabilities of SEBs, SGGCs and State Electricity
Department (EDs), United States Agency for International Development (USAID) has
funded a project called “Energy Management Consultion & Training Project” (EMCAT
Project). This project became effective on 20th March, 1992. USAID has provided a
grant of US$ 14 million with PFC contributing equivalent of US$ 4.67 million as a Host
Country Contribution. Under this Project, till November, 1996, 1510 power personnel
had been provided training in various aspects of Managerial, Technical and Financial
efficiency improvement. These persons were selected from various SEBs, other State
Institutions and PFC. The number of personnel trained till now in India and U.S.A. are
1338 and 172 respectively.
The expenditure incurred under EMCAT project till November 1996 is as under:-
(Rs. in thousands)
Particulars From April ’96 to Cumulative Till
Nov. ’96 Nov. ’1996
USAID Contribution 3266.00 15732.00
PFC Contribution 6262.00 31085.00
11.4.11 During the financial year 1995-96 the profit of the Corporation was Rs.287.01 crores
before tax. The expected profit before tax for the year 1996-97 is about Rs. 240.75
11.5 POWERGRID CORPORATIONS OF INDIA LTD.,
11.5.1 The Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID) was incorporated on 23rd
October, 1989 with an authorised share capital of Rs. 5000 crores, under the Companies
Act, 1956. The mission of POWERGRID is to establish and operate the Regional and
National Grid to facilitate transfer of power within and across the regions with reliability,
security and economy on sound commercial principles.
As per Acts passed by parliament, the transmission systems of NTPC, NHPC, NEEPCO
and NLC were transferred with effect from 01.04.1992 to POWERGRID along with
manpower. After successful completion of the first phase of POWERGRID’s establishment
and development, comprising taking over of the transmission assets of all Central Generating
Companies in 1993, POWERGRID has now embarked upon the second phase of its
development. In the second phase, POWERGRID proposes to operate the Regional Load
Despatch Centres and related integrated operational functions of Regional grids. The
management of the Southern, Eastern, North Eastern, Western and Northern Regional
Despatch and Commission Centre (RLDCs) have already been transferred to
POWERGRID. With these transfers all the RLDCs will be under operational control of
POWERGRID. In the third phase, POWERGRID proposes to create power pools so as
to ensure utilisation of surplus power in the deficit regions.
Keeping the pace of development of the Indian economy and the ever increasing demand
of power in view, POWERGRID has drawn up ambitious investment plans to speed up
the progress of development of Regional and National Power Grids.
11.5.2 POWERGRID REGIONS
The country has been demarcated into 6 power regions for the purpose of formation of
Regional Power Grid Systems, which will be integrated into the National Grid at the National
level. Accordingly, POWERGRID has established six Regional Head Quarters stationed
at six power regioins, based on the size and spread of its transmission networks. These
regions are Northern Region-I (NR-I) and Northern Region-II (NR-II) in the Northern
power region of the country, Eastern Region (ER), Western Region (WR), Southern Region
(SR) and North-Eastern Region (NER). Under these regional HQs (RHQs), there are
Divisional HQs (DHQs) and Group HQs (GHQs) for effective Administration, Operation
and Maintenance of the transmission system, which is spread across the length and breadth
of the entire country.
11.5.3 SOURCE OF FUND
The International Financial Institutions have actively supported POWERGRID since
its very inception. These International Financial Institutions, namely the World Bank,
Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund (OECF) of Japan, European Investment Bank
(EIB), The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and others, have expressed their confidence
in POWERGRID and have already committed around Rs. 5.766 crores, which includes
the loans transferred from the transferor organizations, and have further earmarked about
Rs. 6,000 crores for financing new projects of POWERGRID.
The World Bank loan commitment toady amounts to about US$ 1.5 billion for financing
various projects of POWERGRID. This includes the World Bank direct loan to
POWERGRID for an amount of US$ 350 million for POWERGRID System Development
Project (PSDP) and the World Bank loans transferred from the transferor generating
organizations to POWERGRID. The major loans which stand transferred to
POWERGRID, and are being drawn, include loan for Northern Regional Transmission
Project (NRTP) amounting to US$ 475 million.
Further, the World Bank has agreed “in principle” to extend the 2nd loan to POWERGRID,
on a time slice concept, amounting to around US$ 1.20 billion, in three tranches of US$
300-400 million each, against a basket of projects, spread in a time slice of 5-7 years.
The loan negotiation with Asian Development Bank (ADB), has successfully been completed
with the signing of the agreement in July 1996 for an amount of US$ 275 million.
The Overseas Economic Co-Operation Fund (OECF), Japan has already provided a
loan amounting to 32.754 billion yen towards the implementation of transmission system
associated with the Gas Power Projects of Gandhar (7.115 billion yen), Kathalguri (22.101
billion yen) and Faridabad (3.538 billion yen). The Gandhar transmission system has since
In addition to the above, an appraisal mission from OECF, Japan had visited India for
appraisal of various POWERGRID transmission projects in July ’96 and have further
agreed to finance Dhauliganga transmission project and Jalandhar-Hamirpur transmission
project to the tune of about 7 billion yen.
European Investment Bank (EIB) has also extended the first ever sectoral loan to
POWERGRID which is first ever loan in Asian Sub Continent. It is co-financing the Southern
Region Load Despatch & Communication (SRLDC) Project to the extent of 55 million
European Currency Unit (ECU) amounting to Rs. 198 crores.
Other Financial Institutions and Banks, such as the Overseas Development Administration,
UK, the West Merchant Bank (WMB), UK, the Banque Indosuez, Paris and Credit
Nationale, Paris, have extended loans and grant commitments of the order of 167.5 British
million pound and FFr 396 million.
Industrial Bank of Japan (IBJ) & Export-Import Bank of Japan (J-Exim) both have already
financed POWERGRID projects and have shown keen interest in financing new projects
worth about US$ 400-500 million.
Till March 31, 1996 POWERGRID has successfully raised Rs. 843 crores (including Rs.
214 crores tax free bonds) by issuing Power Bonds. During 1996-97 and 1997-98
Powergrid will be expected to raise Bonds worth of Rs. 406.89 crores and Rs. 450
11.5.4 MOU PERFORMANCE
Based on the provisional results of performance for the year 1995-96, POWERGRID is
again poised to achieve “Excellent Performance” rating as per its MOU with Ministry of
Power, consecutively for the third year in a row.
11.5.5 1995-96 Budget
Against the approved budget of Rs. 1515.84 crores the Revised Estimates was Rs. 1516
crores and actual utilisatioin for the year 1995-96 is Rs. 1490.71 crores.
The budget provision for Powergrid Corporation in 1996-97 is Rs. 1500 crores. At the
time of preparing the Revised Estimates 1996-97 (November, 1996) Powergrid reflected
a reduced figure of Rs. 1327.81 crores. While reviewing the status of progress of projects,
Powergrid indicated that it would be in a position to adhere to its original allocation of Rs.
1500 crores in 1996-97. The details of projectwise cost estimates, commulative expenditure
upto 3/96, Budget/Revised Estimates of 1996-97 & Budget for 1997-98 and completion
schedules etc. are shown at Annexure-VI.
11.6 RURAL ELECTRIFICATION CORPORATION
11.6.1 The Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) was established as a Public Sector Undertaking
in July, 1969 with the principal objective of financing rural electrification schemes and
promoting Rural Electric Cooperatives for distributioin of electricity in rural areas. The
policies regarding extensioin of financial assistance by the Corporation are determined by
Government directives which, inter-alia, require the Corporation (i) To adopt an area
development approach with emphasis on growth of under-developed areas; (ii) To develop
criteria of viability for various schemes; (iii) To ensure a project-oriented approach so that
extension of electricity alongwith other investments and inputs to rural areas results in
increased agricultural production.
11.6.2 With a view to exploiting the ground water potential available in different parts of the
country by energising additional pumpsets in electrified rural areas, a separate programme
of participative financing known as Special Project Agriculture (SPA) is being implemented
by jointly financing the programme by REC and Commercial Banks.
11.6.3 SOURCE OF FUNDING
The authorised Share Capital of the Corporation is Rs. 600 crores as on 31.3.97 and
equity capital of Rs. 582.60 crores. The entire equity capital has been subscribed by the
Government of India. The cumulative funds position of the Corporation as on 31.3.1997
and anticipated upto 31.3.1998 is given under:-
(Rs. in crores)
As on 31.3.96 As on 31.3.97 As on 31.3.98
(Actual) (Projected) (Anticipated)
1. Equity Capital 534.60 582.60 637.60*
2. Government loans 3943.69 4270.00 4660.00
3. Market borrowings/ 1624.56 1800.00 1805.00**
4. Reserves & surplus 495.22 525.00 555.00
Total: 6598.07 7177.60 7657.60
* Subject to increase in authorised Share Capital of REC.
** Redemption of bonds worth Rs. 180 crores during 1997-98
11.6.4 Annual Plan for 1996-97
REC in its Annual Plan 1996-97, had proposed an outlay of Rs. 903 crores for
electrification of 3500 villages and energisation of 3.20 lakh pumpsets besides coverage of
other programmes like System Improvement, Kutir Jyoti, Small/Decentrallised Power
Generation, funding of Co-operrative Societies etc. This was provisional since Planning
Commission and Ministry of Finance had not yet deliberated on REC’s Annual Plan. The
above figure were accordingly reflected in last year’s Performance Budget for 1996-97.
Subsequently, REC’s Annual Plan was finalised by Planning Commission and Ministry of
Finance and maintained at the previous year (i.e. 1995-96) level of Rs. 803 crores.
Accordingly, the targets were also reduced to 3000 villages and 2.50 lakh pumpsets.
While framing the Revised Estimates 1996-97, REC has indicated that instead of Rs.50
crores allocation under externally aided project (OECF) it would be in a position to utilise
around Rs.30 crores. The reasons for reduction in allocation are as under:-
i) the Corporation originally planned to disburse an amount of Rs. 50 crores during
the year 1996-97 of which Rs. 13.5 crores were utilised in respect of 21 System
Improvement and 1 Small Hydel Projects which are on-going projects. The remaining
36.5 crores was expected to be disbursed for the 31 additional sub-projects (i.e.
29 system improvement and 2 small hydel projects).
ii) As the issue of the appointment of the Consultant for the additional sub-projects
could be resolved only in November, 1996, the disbursement of funds against these
sub-projects could not be made. The disbursement for the Vrindhawan Hydel Project
of Karnataka could also not be effected due to inter-state water dispute.
iii) The validity of this OECF loan has expired on 5.2.1997. OECF has been requested
to extend the validity offer beyond 5.2.1997. Unless the validity period of the OECF
loan is extended, the work on additioinal sub-projects cannot commence. As a
result, the funds allocation under OECF has been reduced to Rs. 30 crores from
Rs. 50 crores for the year 1996-97.
While formulating the Annual Plan of REC for 1996-97 it was estimated that Rs. 903
crores would be available to REC for its 1996-97 programme. The allocation, however,
was maintained at the previous year’s level. The break-up of sourcing of funds under
different heads for the Budget proposed under the Budget Estimate and Revised Estimate
is as under:-
(Rs. in crores)
ITEM 1996-97 1996-97 Revised
(Proposed) Budget Estimates
1. Budgetary Support (MOP) 348 348 348
2. Minimum Needs Programme 200 175 175
ITEM 1996-97 1996-97 Revised
(Proposed) Budget Estimates
3. Market Borrowings 250 150 150
4. SLR Bonds 35 35
5. Internal Resources 30 20 20
6. Kutir Jyoti (as grant) 25 25 20
7. OECF 50 50 30
TOTAL 903 803 778
With the revised Annual Plan allocation of Rs. 778 crores, a revised target for electrification
of 3000 villages as against the proposed 3500 and energisation of 2.50 lakh pumpsets
against 3.20 lakh pumpsets has been provided for the year 1996-97.
11.6.5 Financial and physical progress
Cumulative performance upto December, 1996.
The Rural Electrification Corporation has upto the end of December, 1996 sanctioned a
total of 30,686 schemes involving financial outlay of about Rs. 12390 crores covering
electrification of 3.19 lakh villages and energisation of 64.25 lakh agricultural pumpsets.
The cumulative funds disbursement upto December, 1996 is Rs. 9178.8 crores. In terms
of achievements, 2.94 lakh villages have been reported as electrified and about 66.8 lakh
pumpsets energised in the country under the REC programme out of the total 5.02 lakh
villages electified and in the country and 113.65 lakh pumpsets energised upto December,
1996. During the current financial year upto the December, 1996 REC has disbursed Rs.
Physical Performance during 1996-97
Under REC programme during the year 1996-97 (upto the end of December, 1996) 757
villages have been electrified and 1.58 lakh pumpsets energised against the target of 3000
villages and 2.50 lakh pumpsets. State-wise details are given in Annexure IV and V
Tribal Sub-Plan and Special Component Plan for the year 1996-97
Consequent on revision of plan size of REC from Rs. 903 to Rs. 778 crores the allocation
for Tribal sub-plan and special Component Plan programmes have also been revised. Out
of the revised budgetary support of Rs. 523 crores (Normal Rs. 348 crores and MNP Rs.
175 crores) allocated under the Annual Plan of REC for 1996-97, provision of Rs. 46.00
crores for Tribal Sub-Plan and Rs. 83.70 crores for Special Component Plan (SCP) have
been made for taking up electrification of 520 Tribal Villages and 2450 Dalit Bastis for
upliftment of the weaker sectioins of the society in rural areas. Upto December, 1996 the
SEBs have reported electrification of 184 triball villages and 1099 Dalit Bastis. State-wise
details are given at Annexure VI and VII.
11.6.6 BUDGET ESTIMATES FOR 1997-98
The Planning Commission has so far not initiated any dialogue with the State Governments
for deciding the total plan size for Rural Electrification Programme to be taken up under
REC and State Plan Programmes for the year 1997-98. However, REC in consultation
with Ministry of Power has tentatively proposed a financial outlay of Rs. 800 crores under
its Annual Plan for 1997-98, details of which are given below:
Annual Plan of REC for 1997-98-(Plan)
(Rs. in crores)
ITEM 1997-98 (Proposed)
i) REC (Normal) 230.00
ii) Minimum Needs Programme (MNP) 175.00
iii) System Improvement (SI) 200.00
iv) Special Project Agriculture (SPA) 120.00
v) Small Power Generation/RE
vi) OECF and other International
Funding agencies 30.00
vii) Kutir Jyoti, (as grant) 25.00
14—593 M/o Power/96. 99
The above position may undergo a change on finalisation of the Annual Plan by Planning
Commission. For sourcing Annual Plan 1997-98 of REC, the proposed funds requirement
under different budgetary heads is as under:-
Annual Plan of REC for 1997-98 (Plan)
Item (Rs. in Crores)
1. Budgetary Support 348.00
2. Minimum Needs Programme (MNP) 175.00
3. Market Borrowings/SLR Bonds 222.00
4. Kutir Jyoti (as grant) 25.00
5. OECF loan 30.00
Besides the core programme of electrification of 3000 villages and energisation of 2.40
lakh pumpsets, the major thrust of REC programme during 1997-98 would be on System
Improvement programme, small/decentralised power generatioin etc. The funds requirement
for System Improvement programme is estimaed to be around Rs. 200 crores over and
above Rs. 30 crores likely to be available from OECF.
Tribal Sub-Plan for 1997-98
For the year 1997-98, REC has proposed to set aside Rs. 48 crores for Tribal Sub-Plan
and Rs. 87 crores for special Component Plan for taking up electrification of 500 tribal
villages and 2100 Harijan Bastis.
11.7 TEHRI HYDRO DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION
Tehri Hydro Development Corporation (THDC) was incorporated on July 12, 1988 to
plan, promote, organise, execute, operate & maintain Hydro Power projects in Bhagirathi-
Bhilangana Valley in U.P., as Joint venture of Govt. of India and Govt. of U.P. both sharing
the Cost of the power component of the project in the ratio 75:25 (equity portion) for
Power Sector respectively. The Irrigation component is to be funded entirely by the Govt.
11.7.2 Tehri Hydro Power Complex (2400 MW) was transferred to THDC by Govt. of U.P. in
June 1989. Govt. of India on 15.3.1994 accorded approval for execution of Tehri Dam &
HPP (4x250 MW) alongwith the compulsory and committed works of Tehru Pump Storage
Plant & Koteshwar Dam Project at a cost of Rs. 2963.66 crores (at March 1993 price
For the year 1997-98, a budget of Rs. 225 crores has been kept for on going works out
of which Rs. 4 crores has been earmarked for new schemes of Koteshwar Dam & PSP,
which are already cleared by P.I.B.
ACHIEVEMENT AGAINST TARGETS
a) Coffer Dam
The work related to Coffer Dam which had been stopped at EL 622 during June,
’95 on account of monsoons, was resumed in October, ’95 and was raised upto the
safe height of EL 661 m. by June, ’96. The work related to laying of rip-rap material
was not taken up due to non availability of quarry land, acquisition for which suffered
initially on account of Uttarakhand agitation/Strike of GOUP employees, and later
on account of the deferment by the Government of the shifting of Project affected
b) Main Dam
The scheduled award of work for civil works of Main Dam could not be finalised as
revised price bids were invited from the prequalified parties with some amendements
in the tender conditioins as desired by the Board.
c) Power House
The work related to Power House civil works was scheduled to be awarded during
the start of financial year but due to uncertain conditions at site and the dharna of
Shri Bahuguna, award of work was deferred to obviate claims from contractors for
idle charges etc. The work was awarded during January ’96 and the work is in
During May ’96 Government of India have instructed Government of U.P. and THDC
that the population of Old Tehri Town should not be shifted till a final decision
regarding Rehabilitation is taken. Accordingly further progress of shifting of population
including shifting of offices. Educational and Financial Institutions couldnot take place.
The following major activities have been planned during the year 1997-98.
a) About 12 lakhs Cu. M. of excavation/Core stripping the Main Dam.
b) Completion of essential Excavation works for control structure and approach channel
in Spilway and start of work by main contractor.
c) Engagement of Agency for main civil works of spilway.
d) Start of concreting in Machine Hall of Power House.
e) Completion of excavation in Bifurcation Chamber.
f) Completion of excavation in Butterfly valve chamber.
g) Completion of excavation in Machine Hall.
h) Completion of excavation in Penstock Assembly Chambers & Horizontal Penstock.
i) Land acquisition around 2800 acres of land.
1000 MW (4x250 MW) by 2001-2002. (The first unit by Sep ’2001 followed by each
unit at two months interval.)
The expenditure incurred by Corporation till November, 1996 is Rs.1153.24 crores
(including Rs. 8.41 crores spent on Associated Transmission System being executed by
11.8 NATHPA JHAKRI POWER CORPORATION LIMITED.
11.8.1 Nathpa Jhakri Power Corporation Limited (NJPC) was incorporated on May 24, 1988
as a joint venture of Government of India and Government of Himachal Pradesh to plan,
promote, organise and executive hydro electric power projects in the Satluj river basin in
Himachal Pradesh. While the present authorised share capital of NJPC is Rs.1000 crores
with debt equity ration as 1:1, the authorised share capital of NJPC is now in the process
of being enhanced to Rs. 2000 crores.
The NJPC is presently executing its first mega project namely Nathpa Jhakri Hydro-
electric Project with installed capacity of 1500 MW (6x250 MW) in the Shimla and Kinnaur
districts of Himachal Pradesh, for which the World Bank has sanctioned a loan of US$
437 million and for which Government of India and Government of Himachal Pradesh are
to share the cost of the Project in the ration of 3:1 respectively. Besides this project, NJPC
also plan to take up investigations of new hydro-electric projects in the Satluj River basin
in the Himachal Pradesh.
In the Implementation of its first project, NJPC is supported by CWC and CEA as the
Principal Consultants, along with the consortium of Nippon Koei, Japan, Electrowatt,
Switzerland and WAPCOs, India, as the Retainer Consultans. Besides these, NJPC is
also backed by the services of a Panel of Experts, comprising both nationally/internationally
renowned professionals and an Advisor (ENV/R&R).
11.8.2 NATHPA JHAKRI HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECT (6X250 MW)
The Nathpa Jhakri Hydro-electric Project envisages the construction of:
- a 60.50 m high concrete Dam on Satluj river at Nathpa to divert 405 cusecs of
water through four Intakes.
- an underground Desilting complex, comprising four chambers, each 525 mt. long,
16.31 m wide and 27.5 m deep, which is one of the largest underground complexes
in the world.
- a 10.15 diameter and 27.3 km long Head Race Tunnel (one of the longest hydro
power tunnels in the World), terminating in a 21 m diameter and 301 m deep surge
- three circular steel-lined Pressure Shafts, each of 4.9 m diameter and 633 m long,
bifurcating near the Power House to feed six generating units.
- an underground Power House with a cavern size of 222 m x 20 m x 49 m, having
six Francis Units of 250 MW each to utilise a design discharge of 405 cumecs and
design head of 425 m.
- a 10.15 m dia and 982 m long Tail Race Tunnel to discharge the water back into the
11.8.3 PROJECTS BENEFITS
Besides the social and economic upliftment of the persons in its vicinity, on
commissioning, the 1500 MS NJHEP will generate 6700 million units of electrical
energy in a 90% dependable year and 7447 MU in an average year, besides providing
1500 MW of valuable peaking power to the Northern Grid.
11.8.4 PROJECT COMMISSIONING SCHEDULE
With the Electro-mechanical contract becoming effective from 1.11.94, after completion
of all Government formalities/loan agreements with foreign banks/ financial institutions, the
commissioning schedule of all the units was envisaged to be an ambitious five year period
i.e. end of October 1999.
On account of natural calamities, geological surprises, various modifications and additional
efforts required to overcome the same, the time required for the successful completion of
the project, and consequently the commissioning schedule is revised. Preliminary estimates
now indicate the successful commissioning of the first unit of NJHEP by June, 2001.
11.8.5 PROJECT COST
The approved cost of the NJHEP is Rs. 4337.95 crores at March, 1993 price level. This
includes Rs. 648.69 crores as Interest During Construction.
Due to persistent upward movement of prices of various commodities, weakening of the
Indian Rupee vis-a-vis other foreign currencies, revision in the commissioning schedule on
account of various reasons enumerated in the above para, the project is now estimated to
cost Rs. 7151. 86 crores at the time of commissioning, at March, 1996 price level.
11.8.6 PROJECT PROGRESS
Infrastructure Works: The excavation of all the HRT adits have been completed/
Construction of the residential buildings as well as Non-residential buildings such as
Commercial Complex, Administrative Office, Transit Campus, Auditorium etc. are also in
Main Civil Works: The implementation of the civil works for the four major civil contracts
are in progress with the three joint ventures of the Indian and Foreign constructon companies.
Dam Complex: Presently, the excavation in the river channel is underway. On the left
bank of river Satluj, 14 nos. 200 T, test rock anchors have been installed and their stressing
shall be completed shortly. Drilling and consolidation grouting for additional 12 rock anchors
has been completed. Upon initial completion of the upstream and downstream Coffer
Dams, the excavation in the Dam foundations below EL 1462 has commenced, and so far
about 48,600 cum. of the excavation has been completed.
The excavation of the Central Gullet of the desilting Chambers No. 2 has been completed
and the balance excavation in the Desilting Chambers is progressing well.
Head Race Tunnel: Excavation of a length of 18.30 kms. has been completed out of a
total of 27.30 km. of the Head Race Tunnel. The progress of excavation has suffered due
to shortage of the construction power and emergence of shear zones at various places on
the excavation fronts of the HRT. The preparatory works for erection of the steel liner in
the HRT is also progressing. On the 301 m. Surge Shaft, excavation up to the depth of
207 m has been completed.
Power House Complex: The excavation for benching, rock bolting and shortcreting in
the Transformer Hall is progressing. The widening work on the inclined portion of the
Pressure Shafts 1 and 3 is in progress. The erection of steel liners in the horizontal portion
of the Pressure Shaft No. 2 and 3 has started from the Surge Shaft side. Consequent upon
completion of the heading excavation of 982 m long Tail Race Tunnel and 558 m benching
excavation has been completed. Fabrication of 66 no. Ferrules for the Pressure Shafts
have been completed and erection of 31 nos Ferrules in the Pressure Shafts have also
completed. Open excavation in TRT outfall area is also progressing.
11.8.7 ENVIRONMENT, REHABILITATION & RESETTLEMENT (E/R&R)
The Project Information Centre at Jhakri is functioning well. The interviewas for recruitment
of balance requisite personnel in this area were held on December 24,1996 and the offers
to the selected candidates have been issued.
In addition to the land and houses allotted to the landless and houseless respectively, 45
offers of appointment have been issued to the landless/oustees.
NJPC’s policy statement on Environment, Rehabilitation and Resettlement has been prepared
in association with its Advisor (E/R&R) and is to be put in the forthcoming Board of
Directors meeting for their consideration and approval.
The Project Safety Committee is providing safety related information to the project personnel
at the project site and all efforts are being made to avoid fatal/nonfatal accidents.
11.9 DAMODAR VALLEY CORPORATION (DVC)
11.9.1 The Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC) was established on the 7th July, 1948 under
Damodar Valley Corporation Act for promotion and operation of irrigation, water supply,
drainage, generation and distribution of energy. The Corporation has a full time Chairman
and two part-time Members. The Part-time Members represent the States of Bihar and
The functions of the Corporation include:
- The promotion and operation of the schemes for irrigation, water supply and drainage;
- The promotion and operation of the schemes for the generation, transmission and
distribution of energy - both hydro and thermal;
- The promotion and operation of the schemes for flood control in Damodar river and
tributaries and the channels excavated by the Corporation for the improvement of
flow conditions in the Hoogly river, promotion and control of navigation;
- The promotion of afforestation and control of soil erosion in the Damodar Valley
- The promotion of public health and agricultural, industrial, economic and general
well being in the Damodar Valley and its areas of operation.
The Corporation has so far constructed four multipurpose dams at Tilaiya, Konar, Maithon
and Panchet. The irrigation system comprises a barrage over river Damodar at Durgapur
and the canal system of 2495 kms. which includes 137 kms. long irrigation-cum-navigation
canal on the left bank of river Damodar. The management of barrage and irrigation system
excluding the navigation canal was transferred to the Government of West Bengal in 1964.
11.9.2 Existing Power Plants of DVC
Bokaro ‘A’ 175 MW (3x45 MW)
Bokaro ‘B’ 750 MW (3x120 MW)
Chandrapura 750 MW (3x130 MW + 3x120 MW)
Durgapur 350 MW (1x140 MW + 1x210 MW)
Mejia TPS (Unit I) 210 MW (1x120 MW)
GTP, Maithon 82.5 MW (3x27.4 MW)
Tilaiya 4 MW (2x2 MW)
Maithon 60 MW (3x20 MW)
Panchet 80 MW (2x40 MW)
DVC’s Transmission System runs to a total length of 5328 CKT kms long comprising of
1091 CKT kms, 220 Lines, 3342 CKT kms, 132 KV line, 895 CKT kms, 33 KV lines.
DVC’s soil conservation activities have already covered an area of three lakh hectares of
affected areas. More than 8000 Check-dams have already been constructed for controlling
run off soil and providing small irrigation facilities.
11.9.3 Review of 1995-96 and financial projection during 1996-97 and Annual Plan 1997-98.
Against targeted thermal and Gas Turbine generation of 6655 MU and 350 MU of
Hydel generation, DVC achieved Thermal and Gas Turbine generation of 6445
MU and Hydel generation of 385 MU during 1995-96. In the year 1996-97 it is
projected that DVC will generate Thermal and Gas power to the tune of 6750 MU
and Hydel power of 350 MU against original target of 7570 MU and 350 MU
respectively. For the Annual Plan in 1997-98 the generation target is 8100 MU out
of which 7750 MU will be from Thermal & Gas and 350 MU from Hydel.
Against an anticipated net profit of Rs. 56.54 crores, DVC earned a profit of Rs.
3025 lakhs in the power sector during 1995-96. In the year 1996-97 it is estimated
that net profit will be of Rs. 47 crores. In the Annual Plan 1997-98, a net surplus has
been worked out as Rs. 164.90 crores.
15—593 M/o Power/96. 107
APPRAISAL REPORT OF
This chapter attempts to outline the progress made in execution of major projects involving
substantial investments. The following aspects of projects/programmes having an estimated
outlay exceeding Rs. 100 crores, are highlighted:-
i) Original Estimated Cost;
ii) Revised Estimated Cost;
iii) Specific reasons/factors responsible for revision in the cost;
iv) Schedule of commissioning/completion (original & revised);
v) Year-wise performance details in terms of financial and physical progress targetted
and achieved; and
vi) Details of performance of projects in their operation phase.
1. THE PROJECT-WISE STATUS OF CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES
UNDERTAKEN BY NHPC
1.1 URI PROJECT (480 M.W.)
Uri project in Baramulla District of J&K envisages harnessing tail water of the existing
Lower Jhelam H.E. Project. The installed capacity of the project is 480 MW. The annual
generation of power from this project is 2663 M.U. The project is being executed by
N.H.P.C. with foreign tie-up for part financing the cost. A turnkey contract for construction
of the project with a Swedish-British Consortium was entered in October, 1989 for
completion of the project in 72 months. Some time over-run has become inevitable due to
disturbed condition around the work site. One unit of 120 MW was commissioned on
27th January, 1997. The entire project (4x120 MW) is likely to be commissioned by May
1997. The likely completion cost of the project will be around Rs. 3162.16 crores as
against original estimate of Rs. 1632.62 crores. The increase in the estimated cost is mainly
on account of exchange rate variation, price escalation, statutory reason and Financing
1.2 DULHASTI PROJECT (390 M.W.)
Dulhasti hydro-electric project, is a run of the river scheme on river Chenab. The installed
capacity of the project is 390 M.W. with estimated energy generation of 1926 million
units. The project was taken up for execution under bilateral agreement signed between
N.H.P.C. and French Consortium in September, 1989 for completion of the project in 57
months. The French consortium suspended works at site in August 92 on the pretext of
increased militancy & deteriorating law and order situation in J&K.
For resumption of the work, the contract with M/s DSB has been terminated following
signing of Rescission agreement between DSB and NHPC and overall amended contract
between French Consortium and NHPC in June, 95. The balance civil works will now be
executed through Indian/Foreign agencies, to be finalised by NHPC. Tender evaluation
for the same has been completed and Letter of Intent placed. Meanwile, excavation of
HRT by Drilling & Blasting method from downstream side was resumed departmentally in
Aug., 95 and from upstream side with TBM in Nov. ’95 pending resumption of work by
new civil contractor. The project is expected to be completed by March, 2001. The
approved estimated cost of the project is Rs. 1262.97 crores which is likely to go up to
Rs. 3559.77 crores mainly due to price escalation, cost of balance civil works, exchange
rate variation and rise in Financing Charges.
1.3 RANGIT PROJECT (60 M.W.)
Rangit project under execution of N.H.P.C is a run of the river scheme to utilise power
potential of the river Rangit, a tributary of river Teesta in Sikkim. The estimated annual
generation of energy from this project of 60 M.W. installed capacity will be 343 M.U. The
project was approved in September, 1990 with an estimated cost of Rs. 181.16 crores
(including transmission) which is likely to go up to Rs. 371.63 crores (excluding transmission)
mainly due to price escalation, variation in scope and also increase in financing charges.
The project is likely to be completed by March, 1999.
1.4 DHAULIGANGA PROJECT STAGE I (280 M.W.)
Dhauliganga HE Project Stage-I located in Uttar Pradesh is to be constructed on river
Dhauliganga which is a tributary of river Sharda (Kali) for an installed capacity of 280
MW. The estimated annual generation of power from this project is 1134 MU. The project
was approved in April 1991 with an estimated cost of Rs. 601.98 crores. Considering
loan assistance of 5665 M. Yen (Rs. 211 crores) under OECF Annual ODA Plan 1995-
96, anticipated completion cost of the project has been revised at 4/95 exchange rate
works out to Rs. 1881.49 crores. The loan has been made effective with effect from 23rd
May, 1996 following submission of guarantee by Government of India. For appointing a
consultant, Letters of Invitation have been issued to the shortlisted firms and pre-bid
conference has also been held in October, 1996. For appointment of Architect for colony
development, bid documents were issued to the empanelled firms and bids received have
been opened on 15.11.96. The project is likely to be completed by September 2004 with
active construction from January 97.
1.5 KORICHU HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT (45 MW)
NHPC has been entrusted with the execution of Kurichu HEP in Bhutan and an agreement
was signed between KPA and NHPC on 27.9.95 in this regard. Land acquisition and
development of infrastructure are in progress. The work of open excavation for outlet
portal of diversion tunnel and prequalification of tenders for dam works are also in progress.
The engineering for dam and power works alongwith the engineering of electrical packages
are also progressing as per schedule. The works of detailed survey of 132 KV transmission
line has been completed to an extent of 20%.
1.6 OTHER PROJECTS
NHPC has two other projects under consideration, Koel Karo (710 MW) in Bihar &
Chamera Project Stage-II (300 MW) in Himachal Pradesh. For Chamera Stage-II global
tenders were invited by NHPC for execution of work on turn key basis with hundred
percent financing. Tenders have been evaluated and found to be high. The Board of Directors
of NHPC considered the offers as unacceptable. Further negotiations are on with the
consortium to bring down the cost. For Koel Karo project necessary pre-construction
development works at site have been initiated. The project can be taken up subject to
funding for the project being tied up.
1.7 The project wise details of estimated cost, actual expenditure incurred upto March 1996,
budget provision made in B.E. 1996-97, R.E. 1996-97 and B.E. 1997-98 in regard to
capital construction projects with N.H.P.C. are provided in Annexure-VII.
2. THE PROJECT-WISE STATUS OF CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES
UNDERTAKEN BY NTPC
2.1 SINGRAULI SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT (2000 MW)
The Singrauli Super Thermal Power Project was the first project of the NTPC to be
sanctioned by Govt. of India, and has a total installed capacity of 2000 MW. It comprises
of 5 units of 200 MW each and 2 units of 500 MW each. Power Station has already
achieved its ultimate capacity and all the 7 units are under commercial operation.
The project has been set up for supplying power to Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab,
Haryana and Delhi.
The latest estimated cost as well as the latest approved cost of the Project is Rs.1190.69
2.2 KORBA SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT (2100 MW)
Approved for an ultimate capacity of 2100 MW, the first stage of the project consisting of
3 generating units of 200 MW each and one unit of 500 MW was approved in April 1978
and stage-II (2x500 MW) in Sept. 1981. All six units of 3x200 MW and 3x500 MW are
under commercial operation.
The project has been set up in District Bilaspur of Madhya Pradesh and its beneficiary
states are Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Goa and Gujarat.
Against the latest approved cost of Rs. 1625.25 crores for the Generation Project, the
latest estimated cost is Rs. 1719.07 crores. The increase of Rs. 93.82 crores is attributable
to exchange rate fluctuation (Rs. 80.18 crores) and left out work of raising of existing dyke
and new ash dyke.
2.3 RAMAGUNDAM SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT (2100 MW)
Approved for an ultimate capacity of 2100 MW, the first stage (3x200 MW + 1x500
MW) of the project was approved in April, 1978 and stage-II (2x500 MW) in Sept.
1981. All the units are under commercial operations.
The project is situated in the Karim Nagar District of Andhra Pradesh and it supplies
power to Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa and Pondicherry.
Against the latest approved cost of Rs. 2059.22 crores, the current estimate stands at
Rs. 2177.63 crores. The variation in the cost is due to exchange rate fluctuations on direct
2.4 FARAKKA SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT-I (600 MW)
Farakka Stage-I was sanctioned by the Govt. in March 1979 with a capacity of 600
MW for Stage-I with 3 units of 200 MW each. All the three units are under commercial
This project is situated in the Murshidabad District of West Bengal and the beneficiaries of
the project are West Bengal, Sikkim, Orissa, Bihar and DVC.
The latest approved cost and the current anticipated cost of the project is Rs. 689.75
2.5 FARAKKA SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT-II (1000 MW)
Farakka II comprising of two units of 500 MW each, was sanctioned in Sept. 1989. Both
the units have been synchronised and Unit-V is under commercial operation since April
’95. Commercial operation of Unit-IV w.e.f. 1.7.96 is under consideration.
Against the latest approved cost of Rs. 2453.29 crores, the current anticipated cost is
Rs. 2401.92 crores.
2.6 RIHAND SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT (1000 MW)
The first stage of this project, comprising 2 units of 500 MW each was sanctioned by the
Govt. in June 1982.
The project is financed directly by SCMB loan from UK (Pound 344 million). Both the
units are under commercial operation.
The project is situated in the Sonebhadra District of Uttar Pradesh and it supplies power
to Rajasthan, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, J&K, Chandigarh and Haryana.
As against the latest approved cost of Rs. 2387.40 crores, the latest anticipated estimated
cost is Rs.2389.25 crores.
2.7 VINDHYACHAL SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT-I (1260 MW)
The first stage of Vindhyachal STPP, comprising of six units of 210 MW each, was
sanctioned by the Govt. in June 1982. All the six units are under commercial operation.
The project is located at Waidhan in Sidhi Distt. of Madhya Pradesh and supplies power
to Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Goa, Gujarat, Daman, Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
The latest approved cost of the Project is Rs. 1460.37 crores, while the latest anticipated
cost amounts to Rs.1546.55 crores. The increase of Rs. 86.18 crores is mainly on account
of exchange rate variation on direct loans & escalation in prices.
2.8 VINDHYACHAL SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT-II (1000 MW)
This is the second stage of Vindhyachal Super Thermal Power Station. This project has
been approved by the Govt. at an estimated cost of Rs. 2753.40 crores in February 1995.
This consists of two units of 500 MW each.
The project is partly being financed by direct time slice loan of US$ 400 million of IBRD.
Main plant was awarded to M/s BHEL in March, ’95. Most of the main packages have
since been awarded. Civil & structural works are in progress in main plant. The project is
expected to be commissioned in 2000-2001.
Against the approved cost of Rs.2753.40 crores, the latest anticipated cost is Rs. 2783.00
2.9 KAHALGAON SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT-I (840 MW)
The stage I of Kahalgaon STPP, consisting of 4 units of 210 MW each was sanctioned in
July, 1985. The project was financed by Soviet Russia (erstwhile USSR).
The project is situated in Bhagalpur district of Bihar and is expected to benefit the Eastern
Against the latest approved cost of Rs. 1715.89 crores the latest estimated cost is
Rs.2110.85 crores. The revised cost estimate has been put up and techno-economic
clearance of CEA has been accorded in June, 1996.
Three units have been commissioned and are under commercial operation. The fourth unit
was commissioned in March, ’96 and commercial operation is under consideration.
2.10 NATIONAL CAPITAL THERMAL POWER PROJECT-I (840 MW)
Stage I of the project comprising of 4 units of 210 MW each, was sanctioned by the Govt.
in Jan. 1987. The project is financed by IBRD for a total loan of US$ 408 million.
The project is located at Dadri, in District Ghaziabad of Uttar Pradesh for meeting the
demands of the Northern Region and the National Capital Region in particular.
Against the approved cost of Rs. 1669.21 crores, the latest anticipated cost of the project
is Rs.1685.02 crores. All the four Units are under commercial operation.
2.11 KAWAS GAS POWER PROJECT (656.20 MW)
The project was sanctioned by the Govt. in October, 1986 and comprises of 4 Gas turbines
of 106 MW each, and two units of Steam Turbines of 116.10 MW each. All the 4 gas
turbines and both the steam turbines are under commercial operation.
The project is located in Surat district of Gujarat and all states in the Western Region are
The latest sanctioned cost is Rs. 1599.57 crores, whereas the latest estimated cost is Rs.
1621.84 crores. The increase is primarily on account of exchange rate fluctuation on direct
2.12 ANTA GAS POWER PROJECT-I (419.33 MW)
The project was sanctioned in October, 1986 comprising of three gas turbines of 88.71
MW each and one steam turbine of 153.20 MW. All the units are under commercial
Situated at Anta in Kota Distt. of Rajasthan, it supplies electricity to the states of Uttar
Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Chandigarh
Against an approved cost of Rs.418.97 crores, the latest estimated cost is Rs. 443.78
crores. The increase is mainly on account of exchange rate fluctuation.
2.13 AURAIYA GAS POWER PROJECT-I (663.36 MW)
The project was approved in October, 1986 consisting of 4 units of Gas Turbines of
111.19 MW each and 2 Steam Turbines of 109.30 MW each. All the units are under
The project is located at Auraiya at Etawah Distt. of U.P.. It supplies electricity to Uttar
Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, Chandigarh
Against a sanctioned cost of Rs. 678.77 crores, the latest estimated cost is Rs. 733.63
crores. The increase is mainly on account of exchange rate fluctuation on direct loans.
2.14 TALCHER SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT-I (1000 MW)
Approved in November ’88 for an installed capacity of 1000 MW, the project comprises
of two units of 500 MW each.
It is located at Talcher in Dhenkanal Distt. of Orissa. It shall provide power to all states in
the Eastern Region.
Against the latest estimated cost of Rs. 2592.18 crores, the latest estimated cost is Rs.
2660.15 crores, which is due to Exchange Rate fluctuation, Price Change, Duties etc.
First unit of 500 MW has been resynchronised on 4.9.96 and the performance is under
observation. Modification in Unit II has also been carried out and restored on 16.10.96
and its performance is under observation.
2.15 DADRI GAS POWER PROJECT-I (829.28 MW)
Approved in June 1989, this project comprises of 4 Gas Turbines of 131.19 MW each
and 2 steam turbines of 154.51 MW each. All the four gas turbines are under commercial
operation. Both steam turbines ST-I & ST-II have been syncronised.
The project is located at Dadri, in Ghaziabad Distt. of Uttar Pradesh and supplies power
to the states in the Northern Region.
Against an approved cost of Rs. 960.35 crores sanctioned in November ’95, the latest
anticipated cost is Rs. 953.85 crores.
2.16 FEROZE GANDHI UNCHAHAR THERMAL POWER PROJECT-I (420 MW)
This project was formally taken over by NTPC from Govt. of UP on 13.2.1992. It comprises
of 2 units of 210 MW each. It is located in Rai Bareilly district of Uttar Pradesh. It supplies
power to Uttar Pradesh.
Both the units are under commercial operation.
Against an approved cost of Rs. 925 crores, the latest cost estimate is Rs. 948.01 crores,
which is on account of certain balance left out works.
16—593 M/o Power/96. 115
2.17 FEROZE GANDHI UNCHAHAR THERMAL POWER PROJECT-II (420 MW)
The second stage of Unchahar Thermal Power Project consisting of two units of 210 MW
each has been approved by the Govt. in April 1995 at a cost of Rs. 1279.51 crores. The
project is part financed by Asian Development Bank; loan of US$ 160 million.
Against the approved cost of Rs. 1279.51 crores, the latest anticipated cost is Rs. 1515.98
The main plant package was awarded to M/s BHEL in April, 1995.
2.18 JHANORE GANDHAR GAS POWER PROJECT (657.39 MW)
The Gandhar Gas Project was sanctioned in February, ’93, comprising of three Gas Turbines
of 144.30 MW each and one steam turbine of 224.49 MW.
The project is located at Jhanor in Bharuch Distt. of Gujarat and it supplies power to the
states in the Western Region.
Against a sanctioned cost of Rs. 2500 crores, the latest estimated cost is Rs.2445.59
All the 3 gas turbines and 1 steam turbine are under commercial operation.
2.19 TALCHER TPS (460 MW)
The project was formally taken-over by NTPC on 03.06.95 from Govt. of Orissa at a
cost of Rs. 356 crores. The Power Purchase Agreement for the supply of power from this
station has been signed with OSEB in the year 1994-95 and Govt. of India has approved
the taking-over of Talcher TPS in April ’95.
The Project having an installed capacity of 460 MW, comprises of 4 units of 62.5 MW
each and 2 units of 110 MW each. However, first 4 units which were commissioned during
the year 1967-69, had been derated to 60 MW because of ageing. Thus, the total installed
capacity as on date is 460 MW.
In order to ensure phased improvement of PLF as per agreed terms in PPA, NTPC has
chalked out programme for Renovation & Modernisation works (identified as R&M Phase-
I) and proposed to be completed progressively within two (2) years.
2.20 KAYAMKULAM GAS BASED COMBINED CYCLE POWER PROJECT (350
Kayamkulam Gas Based Combined Cycle Power Project is being setup in Alleppey district
of Kerala state for the benefit of this state. This project has been approved by the
Government in September 1996 (with revised funding), at a capital cost of Rs.1310.58
The project is likely to have three units comprising of two units of GT (2x115 MW) and
one unit of ST (120 MW).
The entire power generated by this project will be supplied to Kerala state in accordance
with Power Purchase Agreement signed between NTPC and Kerala State Electricity Board.
The Main Plant package was awarded to M/s BHEL on 18.9.96.
3 NATHPA JHAKRI POWER PROJECT
3.1 NATHPA JHAKRI H.E. PROJECT (6X250 = 1500 MW)
Name of the Project : NATHPA JHAKRI H.E. PROJECT
State : HIMACHAL PRADESH
Capacity : 1500 MW (6x250 MW)
Funding Agency : World Bank
Loan Amount : 437 Million US$
Year of Commissioning : DECEMBER, 1998 (all six units)
Original Cost : Rs. 1678.02 crores (9/88 prices)
(including Rs. 206.02 crores as IDC)
Revised Cost : Rs. 4337.95 crores (3/93 prices)
(including Rs. 648.69 crores as IDC)
CEA Clearance : May, 1986
Investment Clearance : April, 1989
RCE Approval : 24 June,1993
3.2 Commissioning schedule and Time Overruns
The details of the approved commissioning schedule as well as now anticipated is given
Units Approved Now anticipated
I Unit June, 1998 January, 1999
II Unit August, 1998 February, 1999
III Unit September, 1998 April, 1999
IV Unit October, 1998 May, 1999
V Unit November, 1998 September, 1999
VI Unit December, 1998 October, 1999
3.3 With the Electro-mechanical Contract becoming effective from 1st November, 1994, after
completion of all Government formalities/loan agreements with foreign banks/financial
institutions, the commissioning schedule of all the units was envisaged to be an ambitious
five year period i.e. end October, 1999.
On account of natural calamities, geological surprises, various modifications and additional
efforts required to overcome the same, the time required for the successful completion of
the Project, and consequently the commissioning schedule is revised. Preliminary estimates
now indicate the successful commissioning of the first unit of NJHEP by June, 2001.
4.0 TEHRI HYDRO DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION
4.1 SCOPE AND OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT
The Tehri Hydro Development Corporation was entrusted with the execution of Tehri
Hydro Power Complex (2400 MW) consisting of the ongoing Tehri Dam Project (4 x 250
MW) pumped storage plant at Tehri (4 x 250 MW) and Koteshwar Dam in the downstream
of Tehri (4 x 100 MW). However, due to constraints of funds, it is proposed to complete
the on-going Tehri Dam (4 x 250 MW) in the 1st stage and take up the other components
subsequently, after funds have been tied up satisfactorily.
The Tehri Dam Project (4 x 250 MW) has been accorded investment clearance by the
Planning Commission in June, 1972, at an estimated cost of Rs. 197.92 crores. The
construction work on the project commenced in 1978. The installed generating capacity
of the Tehri Dam Project was subsequently revised to 1000 MW in 1983 at the revised
estimated cost of Rs. 1065.80 crores (1983 price level). The present estimated cost (March
’93 price level) of Tehri Dam & HPP alongwith compulsory and committed works of Tehri
Pump storage & Koteshwar Dam project is Rs.2963. 66 crores.
The project is being executed with financial participation of the Government of India and
Govt. of U.P. in the ratio of 75:25 for the power component of the project and for irrigation.
4.2 PROJECT BENEFITS
The project is a multipurpose project serving the purpoe of peak power generation, irrigation
and drinking water supplies. The benefits from the project are as under:-
- Addition to the installed generating capacity
in the Northern region. 1000 MW
- Annual energy (mostly to meet the peaking
requirement of the region) 3568 MU.
- Irrigation (additional) 2.7 lakh ha.
- Stabilisation of Irrigation (besides above) 6.04 lakh ha.
- 300 cusecs (162 million gallons) of drinking water per day for Delhi which will meet
the requirements of about 40 lakh people.
- In addition, 200 cusecs (108 million gallons) of drinking water per day for towns
and villages of U.P.
- Integrated development of Garhwal region including construction of a new hill station
town with provision of all civic facilities, improved communication, education, health,
tourism, development of horticulture, fisheries, and afforestation of the region.
4.3 PRESENT STATUS
a) The Coffer Dam has been raised upto a height of EL 661 m.
b) The civil works of Power House have been divided in three packages consisting of
intake structure and HRT’s. Main Power House & Transformer Hall and Tail Race
tunnels and the work on all three packages are in progress. The work on adits
connecting to Power House and Transformer Hall, Butterfly Valve Chamber,
Penstock Assembly Chamber is completed and excavation work in main caverns of
Transformer Hall, Machine Hall is in progress. The work in other tunnels including
drainage galleries and Tail Race Tunnels is also under progress.
Tenders for the civil works of Main Dam and Spillway works are under finalisation.
Meanwhile, essential excavation works in spillway area are under progress to utilise
the working season.
Regarding contract for supply of electro-mechanical equipment, after getting the
approval of the Board of Directors, the terms and conditions and financing proposal
finalised with the consortium led by EME, Russia has been submitted to Government
Notice Inviting Tenders for International Competitive Bidding with compulsory
financing for the balance equipment viz transformers, GIS, switchgear, busduct is
also issued and prequalification bids have been opened.
The major works under Urban Rehabilitation work is completed and the status is as
i) Plots: All the required 2438 plots have been developed out of which 2400
ii) Flats: Against the requirement of 2891 flats, 2451 flats have been constructed,
out of which 2028 flats allotted. The balance flats are under construction and
are likely to be completed soon.
iii) Shops: All the required 784 shops have been constructed out of which 588
shops have been allotted.
In the phase-I of Rural Rehabilitation (i.e. connected with construction of Coffer
Dam), almost all the families have been rehabilitated.
In Phase-II of Rural Rehabilitation (i.e. linked with construction of Main Dam and
impoundment of reservoir) 449 families have been rehabilitated out of the total of
2845 families to be rehabilitated.
Land purchase activity for Phase-II rehabilitation is in progress. Against requirement
of about 6000 acres of land for phase-II rehabilitation, acquisition proposals for
around 2800 acres have been submitted to the Distt. Administration of Hardwar/
Dehradun for further action. Balance land is under identification in consultation with
State Government authorities.
5. NORTH EASTERN ELECTRIC POWER CORPORATION LIMITED
I. Assam Gas Based Power Project, Kathalguri
1. Installed capacity - 6x33.5 MW GT+3x30 MW ST
= 291 MW
2. Executing Agency - NEEPCO
3. Location - Dibrugarh District, Assam
4. Cost Estimates:-
Sanctioned cost Date of sanction Commissioning
(Rs. in crores) Date
Original 203.17 cr 11/87 3/92
Revised 895.77 cr 5/92 7/95
Latest 1347.57 cr 12/97
As per latest indication given by NEEPCO, all the six GT units have been
commissioned and synchronised with the grid. For the Steam Turbine Units, all
materials have been supplied and erection work is in progress. The ST units I, II and
III are scheduled to be commissioned in October, November and December 1997
Present status of generation upto November 1996
Actual generation during 1995-96 - 336.02 MU
Target of generation during 1996-97 - 910.00 MU
Target of generation during Nov. ’96 - 72.50 MU
Actual generation during Nov. ’96 - 53.07 MU
Actual generation during 1996-97
(April-Nov. ’96) - 300.23 MU
Cumulative generation upto Nov. ’96 - 636.40 MU
1. Unitwise Status of Gas Turbine Generators
UNIT-1 Are in operation. Generation depends on grid
UNIT-3 Peak Demand : 90 MW
UNIT-4 Demand in daytime : 35 MW - 45 MW
UNIT-5 GTG unit synchronised with grid on 2.3.96 and loaded upto 10 MW on
1.10.96, GTG unit again synchronised with the grid and loaded upto 30 MW.
UNIT-6 GTG unit test synchronised with grid on 15.10.96.
5.2 Kopili H.E. Project Stage-I Extension (2x50 = 100 MW)
Installed capacity : 2x50=100 MW
Location : N.C. Hills
Estimated cost : Rs. 101.97 crores
Commissioning : Unit III-Oct. 1996
Schedule Unit IV-Feb. 1997
The major civil works of the project are power house and penstock since this is an extension
of the existing project. In PH civil works, 9984 Cu.m. out of 10282 Cu.m. concreting has
been done. All liners of draft tube lowered. Roof concreting over DT liner in Unit-III and
concreting around scroll case is completed. In the construction of saddles and anchors, so
far 8991 Cu.m. concreting is done against a total quantity of 8880 Cu.m. In penstock
work fabrication and erection has since been completed and same is ready for filling.
In electrical/mechanical works, erection of TG units are in progress. GT units III & IV
have been transported upto service bay. Unit-III was put on trial run on 1.11.96.
In switchyard LOI for most of the equipments placed. For switchyard, erection package
LOI was placed on 27.12.95 and works are in progress.
Problems faced by the Corporation in the execution of the Project
There has been time overrun in the commissioning of two units of the project. The reasons
attributed to the delay are incessant rain for the last few months which affected the progress
of civil works and also disruption in the transportation of materials for the projects.
5.3 Agartala Gas Turbine Power Project (4x21=84 MW)
Installed capacity : 4x21=84 MW
Location : Ramchandra Nagar, Agartala,
Estimated cost : Rs. 273.50 crores
Commissioning : Unit I-Feb., 1997
Schedule Unit II-March, 1997
Unit III-Sept., 1997
Unit IV-Oct., 1997
The project is executed through external assistance routed through Deutsche Bank, Germany.
All the land required for the project has since been acquired from Government. Contract
was signed in October 1995 with GAIL for supply of natural gas.
There are three major civil packages in addition to supply, erection of electrical/mechanical
equipments and building/road works.
Package-I (Piling and foundation concreting): Piling work, concreting of all the four
GT units and concreting of column foundation and others are completed.
17—593 M/o Power/96. 123
Package-II (Cutting, fabrication and erection of steel structure): Order was placed
on TSL in October 1995. There has been delay on the part of contractors in bringing the
Submerged Arc Welding Set which could be brought at the project only in July 1996. A
crane of 30 T capacity was arranged by NEEPCO on hire basis for use by the contractor.
Package-III (Construction of PH building and auxilliary works): Detailed work order
has since been placed on 27.2.96.
Works on the road and building (residential and non-residential) are nearing completion.
For supply of main plant equipment, order has since been placed and all the main equipment
for all the units have been transported upto Karimganj. For further transportation detailed
programme has been finalised to start transportation in dry season. 90% of accessories
have reached the site.
For GT order was placed in Sept. ’95. Manufacture has been completed and material
being received in phases. Purchase order for station auxilliary transformer was placed in
June 1995. For EOT crane, order was placed in March 1996 and cranes have been
received. Orders for control and relay channel issued in Oct. ’96 and fifteen numbers
6. DAMODAR VALLEY CORPORATION
6.1 MEJIA THERMAL POWER STATION (3X210 MW)
DVC’s Mejia TPS was sanctioned by Govt. of India in March 1986 at an estimated cost
of Rs. 641.40 crores, including IDC (3rd Qr 1983 price base). Due to late start of
construction work on account of land acquisition problems, the original schedules could
not be met. A revised estimate of Rs. 1703.04 crores including IDC (3rd qrt. 1993 base),
was cleared by the Central Electricity Authority in February 1994. Pre-PIB meeting for
the project was held on 19.7.94 and PIB on 29.8.95. Due to subsequent change in coal
linkage, a revised cost estimate of Rs. 1989.14 crores including IDC & WCM (at September
1995 price base), was submitted to the Ministry of Power on 10.10.95, for reconsideration
of the Public Investment Board. Revised Cost Estimates has been approved by PIB on
20.6.1996. CCEA’s approval is awaited. The expenditure from April to December, 1996
is Rs. 92.53 crores against the annual outlay of Rs. 160 crores (RE).
Till March, 1996, a cumulative expenditure of Rs. 1557.54 crores have already been
incurred. A provision of Rs. 135 crores has been made in B.E. 1997-98 for the project.
Unit-I of the project has been commissioned on 22.12.1995.
With all major systems and subsystems oil and coal synchronisation of Unit-I except
instrumentation have been achieved on 22nd December, 1995 and 25th March, 1996
respectively. Erection work of Unit-2 & 3, which were/are scheduled for first
synchronisation in December, 1996 and March 1997 respectively, are in different stages
Major constraints that are being sorted out are supply and erection of balance materials
for the Control and Instrumentation package by M/s. KELTRON, slow work progress in
erection of Unit 2 & 3 by M/s. BHEL and handing over of about 35 acres of balance land
by Government of West Bengal.
6.2 BOKARO ‘B’ TPS STAGE-II (2X210)
Unit-2 : Under commercial operation since 15.12.1991.
Unit-3 : Under commercial operation since 1.4.1994.
Revised Project : Rs. 351.34 crores excluding
Cost IDC of Rs. 92.36 crores
* WCM of Rs. 9 crores.
Expenditure till 3/96 : Rs. 331.78 crores
Expenditure during : Rs. 7.41 crores
Cumulative Expenditure : Rs. 339.19 crores
till December, 1996
A provision of Rs. 2.22 crores has been made in B.E. 1997-98 for this project which is to
be funded entirely from IEBR component.
7. POWER GRID CORPORATION OF INDIA LTD.
7.1 NATHPA-JHAKRI TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
The Nathpa-Jhakri Transmission System was approved in April 1989. The World Bank
assistance is available for this project. The Transmission System has been planned for
completion in three stages.
Construction of Bawana-Hissar & Hissar-Jaipur Transmission lines have been completed,
Bays erection work at Hissar, Bawana & Jaipur are in progress. Foundation and
Tower erection work are in progress. Land for Nallagarh has been acquired &
for Jallandhar sub station being acquired. Due to non availability of construction date of
Koldam, Lines are being terminated at Nallagarh where a 400/220 KV substation is being
constructed. Later on line would be LILO with Koldam. The approved outlay, anticipated
expenditure for the year 1996-97 and Budget Estimate for the year 1997-98 are Rs.
205.77 crores, Rs. 267.94 crores and Rs. 289.15 crores respectively.
7.2 URI TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
The Transmission line for evacuation of power from Uri Hydro-electric Project (480 MW)
was approved in June, 1989. The line and sub station are completed and test charged in
the month of Dec. 1996 and shall be commissioned alongwith Generation project, which is
expected in Jan. ’1997. The approved outlay and anticipated expenditure for 1996-97
are Rs. 44.14 crs and Rs. 45.72 crs respectively. The outlay approved for 1997-98 is Rs.
7.3 DULHASTI TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
The system is envisaged due to delay in execution of Dulhasti Transmission System. The
contingency system was prepared to evacuate power from Dulhasti HE Project which
was likely to be commissioned by Dec. ’95. Since Dulhasti Power Project is delayed and
anticipated commissioning now is in 1998-99, 220 KV D/C line has been upgraded to
400 KV S/C line and Kistwar sub station is deleted. However supplies which have already
taken/manufactured are being diverted to other projects.
The transmission lines construction is awarded on Turnkey basis. ALL of the bay equipments
are awarded. Construction & Tower erection work is in progress. Amendment for
upgradaton scheme has been released in 10/95. Tower and Line materials are under supply,
400 KV bays at Kishenpur and a portion of D/C line (4 kms) at Kishenpur is under
The anticipated expenditure during 1996-97 is Rs. 31.45 crores. The outlay approved for
1997-98 is Rs. 22.60 crores. The project is expected to be commissioned in June 1999.
7.4 KISHENPUR-MOGA TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
The Kishenpur-Moga 800 KV Transmission system was approved by Government in
May, ’93. The World Bank assistance is available for this project. The Transmission system
envisages the construction of Kishenpur-Moga 2xS/C of 800 KV line of 2x290 Kms and
associated terminal equipments at Kishenpur and Moga.
The approved outlay and anticipated expenditure for 1996-97 is Rs. 158.28 crores and
155.05 crores respectively. The outlay approved for 1997-98 is Rs. 161.93 crores. The
Kishenpur-Moga (2 * S/C) transmission line along with the terminal equipments are
expected to be commissioned in March ’99.
7.5 GANDHAR TRANSMISSION LINE PROJECT
The Gandhar Transmission Line Project was approved by Government in Feb ’1992 for
evacuation of power from Gandhar Gas Project (650 MW). OECF assistance of Y 7115
million is available for the implementation of the project.
The Gandhar-Bharauch line was completed in May ’93. The Gandhar-Gandhar line
completed in April ’95. However 4 KM stringing is held up in Gandhar-Padghe line since
May 95 due to forest clearance by forest department. The approved outlay and anticipated
expenditure for 1996-97 is Rs. 2.78 crs and 14.27 crs respectively. The outlay approved
for 1997-98 is Rs. 1.86 crores. Major portion of the 400 KV Tr. lines and sub-station
work will be completed during the year. The balance work is in progress as per schedule.
7.6 TALCHER TRANSMISSION LINES PROJECT
The Talcher Transmission Project was sanctioned by the Government of India in November
1988 alongwith the Stage-I of Talcher Super Thermal Power Project. The external assistance
from the World Bank to the extent of $34.6 million is available for project.
The approved outlay and anticipated expenditure for 1996-97 is Rs. 16.07 crs and 13.02
crs respectively. The outlay approved for 1997-98 is Rs. 1.05 crores. All lines and Sub
station have been commissioned.
7.7 KATHALGURI TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
The Kathalguri Transmission System has been designed to evacuate power from Kathalguri
combined cycle power project as well as from the existing power projects such as Loktak,
Kopili and new projects like Doyang, Ranganadi etc., in the North Eastern Region. The
approved outlay and anticipated expenditure for 1996-97 is Rs. 87.92 crs and 99.56 crs
respectively. The outlay approved for 1997-98 is Rs. 95.37 crores. All the transmission
lines and associated sub station shall be completed by 3/98.
7.8 VINDHYACHAL ADDITIONAL TRANSMISSION LINES PROJECT
The Vindhyachal Additional Transmission lines project was approved in May 1989
for evacuation of power from Vindhyachal STPP Stage-I (1260 MW). The World Bank
assistance of Rs. 350 million is mainly available for this project.
All major contracts awarded and work is under progress at all the sites. The approved
outlay and anticipated expenditure for 1996-97 is Rs. 287.09 crs and 262.92 crs
respectively. The outlay approved for 1997-98 is Rs.121.60 crores. All the transmission
lines and associated sub station shall be completed by 12/97.
7.9 FEROZ GANDHI UNCHAHAR STAGE-II TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
The Unchahar Transmission system stage-II was approved by Government in April 1996.
Bids are opened for Tower package and Line materials. Bids are under evaluation and
awards are expected to be placed during 1996-97. NIT for Sub Station packages expected
by March 1997. The approved outlay and anticipated expenditure for 1996-97 is Rs 3 crs
and 3.60 crs respectively. The outlay approved for 1997-98 is Rs. 17.96 crores. All the
transmission lines and associated sub station shall be completed by 06/2000.
7.10 CHANDRAPUR HVDC BACK TO BACK PROJECT
The Chandrapur HVDC Back to Back project was approved by Govt. of India in
November 1993 with an approved cost of Rs. 900.28 crores. The scope of the project is
1. HVDC Back to Back station of 1000 MW (2x500 MW) at Chandrapur.
2. 400 KV single circuit AC Tr. line between Hyderabad and Ramagundam.
The following external assistance is available for the project:-
i) Grant of UK Govt. Pound 63 million.
ii) West Merchant Bank, UK Pound 59 million.
iii) Credit Nationale, France - Soft loan - FF 172 million
iv) Banque Indosuez, France-Commercial Credit--FF 64 million
v) Banque Indosuez, France-Commercial Credit-FF 159 million
The approved outlay and anticipated expenditure for 1996-97 is Rs. 131.20 crs and
235.51 crs respectively. The outlay approved for 1997-98 is Rs. 106.95 crores. The
supplies for Back to Back sub station is in progress. Civil work are in progress. Structural
and equipment erection have been started during the year. The award for Ramagundam-
Hyderabad line material has been made during the year.
Complete supplies for HVDC station is expected to be completed during the year and the
supplies for the AC line will also be completed. All the erection works are also likely to be
completed for commissioningof HVDC station by 11/97.
7.11 JEYPORE-GAZUWAKA HVDC BACK TO BACK TRANSMISSION PROJ.
The Jeypore-Gazuwaka HVDC Back to Back Transmission Project (1x500 MW) was
approved in February, 1995. The project is an inter-regional transmission project to link
Eastern Region and Southern Region of the country. The scope of project is as follows:-
1. HVDC Back to Back station (1x500 MW) at Gazuwaka.
2. Jeypore-Gazuwaka 400 KV D/C line (225 Kms).
3. Extension of associated sub-stations/terminal bays.
The external assistance of 41.52 million Pound from West Merchant Bank, UK is available
for HVDC Back toBack station. External assistance from ADB is also available for the
four transmission line and AC sub station. The major awards for 400 KV D/C Jeypore-
Gazuwaka line has already been made and foundation & tower erection works are already
been commenced. The other awards are expected to be placed Jan/Feb 1997. The award
of HVDC Back to Back station has already been made and civil works were started. The
anticipated outlay for 1996-97 is Rs 129.86 crs against the approved outlay of Rs. 221.42
crores. The outlay approved for 1997-98 is Rs. 191.44 crores. The project is expected to
be completed by Feb 2000.
7.12 VINDHYACHAL STAGE-II TRANSMISSION LINE PROJECT
The Vindhyachal Stage-II Transmission line project was approved by Government in
October, 1995 for evacuation of power from Vindhyachal Stage-II project (2x500 MW).
External Assistance from Asian Development Bank is available for this project. The revised
outlay for 1996-97 is Rs. 45.15 crores against the approved outlay of Rs. 53.58 crores.
The outlay approved for 1997-98 is Rs.232.44 crores. Award for Tower packages and
line materials have been placed in May 1996, Nov 1996 respectively.
Chapter II Para 12.01
PROGRESS IN ELECTRIFICATION OF VILLAGES
UPTO THE MONTH OF DECEMBER, 1996
States/UTs Total Ach- %age of Target Achie- Total
No. of ieve- villages for the vement achie-
vill- ment Electri- year during vement
ages as on fied 1996-97 1996-97 to the
(1981 31.3.96 under upto end of
census) REC prog. Dec., ’96 12.96
1 Andhra Pr 27379 27358 100.0 (+) - - 27358
2 Arunachal Pr 3257 2270 69.7 95 10 2280 (d)
3 Assam 21995 ($) 21887 99.5 280 - 21887 (a)
4 Bihar 67546 47805 70.8 (**) 325 17 47822
5 Goa 386 377 100.0 (+) - - 377
6 Gujarat 18114 17892 100.0 (+) - - 17892
7 Haryana 6745 6745 100.0 (+) - - 6745
8 Himachal Pr 16807 16761 100.0 (+) - - 16761
9 Jam & Kas 6477 6274 96.9 (*) 30 5 6279 (d)
10 Karnataka 27028 26483 100.0 (+) - - 26483
11 Kerala 1219 1219 100.0 (+) - - 1219
12 Madhya Pr 71352 67741 94.9 (*) 470 154 67895
13 Maharashtra 39354 39106 100.0 (+) - - 39106
14 Manipur 2035 2016 99.1 (*) 75 22 2038 (d)
15 Meghalaya 4902 2407 49.1 (*) 40 60 2467
16 Mizoram 721 727 100.0 (+) 15 - 727 (c)
17 Nagaland 1112 1099 98.8 - - 1099 (a)
18 Orissa 46553 33871 72.8 (*) 250 416 34287 (d)
19 Punjab 12342 12342 100.0 (+) - - 12342
20 Rajasthan 34968 30620 87.6 (*) 550 188 30808
21 Sikkim 440 405 100.0 (+) - - 405
22 Tamil Nadu 15831 15822 100.0 (+) - - 15822
23 Tripura 856 (#) 3640 72.5 (*) 20 3 3643
24 Utrtar Pr 112566 86639 77.0 (++) 480 26 86665 (b)
25 West Bengal 38024 29205 76.8 (*) 370 39 29244
Total 578009 500711 86.6 3000 940 501651
Total (UTs) 1123 1120 100.0 - - 1120
Total 579132 501831 3000 940 502771
(All India) (583003) (&)(502969) 86.3
(*) Achievements as per 1971 census.
(**) Data is provisional.
(+) Fully electrified, rest not feasible.
(++) Includes 982 uncoded villages and converted into towns.
($) 1981 census was not held.
(&) Normalised total for computing percentage.
(#) 4727 villages as per 1971 census.
(a) As on 3/96 (b) As on 5/96 (c) As on 6/96 (d) As on 11/96.
Chapter II Para 12.01
PROGRESS IN ENERGISATION OF ELECTRIC PUMPSET UPTO DECEMBER, 1996
Sl. States/UTs Estimate Achie- %age Target Achie- Total
No. ultimate vement- for the vement achie-
potential as on year during vement
in terms 31.3.96 1996-97 1995-96 to the
of elec- under upto end of
trical REC Dec., ’96 12-96
1 Andhra Pr 1600000 1642993 100.0 22500 94053 1737046 (*)(c)
2 Arunachal Pr - - - - - -
3 Assam 200000 3675 1.8 - - 3675
4 Bihar 1000000 267371 26.7 1300 971 268342
5 Goa - 5732 - - 203 5935
6 Gujarat 700000 568858 81.3 17450 15368 584226 (c)
7 Haryana 430000 406612 94.6 4000 1357 407969
8 Himachal Pr 10000 4441 44.4 150 228 4669
9 Jam & Kas 15000 4716 31.4 150 372 5088 (b)
10 Karnataka 850000 1014918 100.0 35000 20011 1034929
11 Kerala 300000 304904 100.0 9000 5323 310227
12 Madhya Pr 1300000 1131435 87.0 32500 22098 1153533
13 Maharashtra 1800000 2025973 100.0 53500 41568 2067541
14 Manipur 10000 45 0.5 - - 45
15 Meghalaya 10000 65 0.7 - - 65
16 Mizoram - - - - - -
17 Nagaland 10000 176 1.8 - - 176
18 Orissa 500000 69184 13.8 1600 159 69343 (c)
19 Punjab 700000 709916 100.0 7500 11440 721356
20 Rajasthan 600000 514758 85.8 15650 23535 538293 (**)
21 Sikkim 5000 - - - - -
22 Tamil Nadu 1500000 1528807 100.0 32000 22849 1551656
23 Tripura 10000 1764 17.6 - - 1764 (b)
24 Utrtar Pr 2400000 761272 31.7 16500 54 761326 (a)
25 West Bengal 500000 101232 20.2 1200 963 102195
Total S) 14450000 11068847 76.6 250000 260552 11329399
Total (UTs) 50000@ 35243 70.5 0 762 36005
Total (AI) 14500000 11104090 76.6 250000 261314 11365404
@ Including of potential of Arunachal Pradesh, Goa and Mizoram states
(*) Including of regularised unauthorised connections.
(**) Cumulative disconnections as on 3/96 are 12448.
(a) As on 5/96 (b) As on 9/96 (c) As on 11/96.
18—593 M/o Power/96. 131
Chapter II Para 12.02
RELEASE OF SINGLE POINT LIGHT CONNECTIONS
UNDER KUTIR JYOTI PROGRAMME DURING 1996-97
SL. STATES PHYSICAL FINANCIAL (RS. IN LAKHS)
Target Connections Connections Grant Grant Grand
Sanctioned Released Allocation Sanctioned Released
(Upto 1/97) (Upto 1/97)
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
1 ANDHRA PRADESH 110000 43000 - 440.00 172.00 148.01
2 ARUNACHAL PRADESH 2500 - - 10.00 - -
3 ASSAM 5000 - 7969 20.00 - -
4 BIHAR 12500 5000 6410 50.00 20.00 5.02
5 GOA 250 - - 1.00 - -
6 GUJARAT 12500 5000 - 50.00 20.00 10.00
7 HARYANA 1250 - - 5.00 - -
8 HIMACHAL PRADESH 3750 - 14 15.00 - 5.59
9 J&K 250 - - 1.00 - -
10 KARNATAKA 150000 60000 - 600.00 240.00 -
11 KERALA 2500 1000 - 10.00 4.00 -
12 MADHYA PRADESH 150000 60000* 60000* 600.00 240.00 120.00
13 MAHARASHTRA 35000 - 18454 140.00 - -
14 MANIPUR 250 - 70 1.00 - -
15 MEGHALAYA 250 - - 1.00 - -
16 MIZORAM 750 - - 3.00 - -
17 NAGALAND 250 - - 1.00 - 0.30
18 ORISSA 5000 - - 20.00 - -
19 PUNJAB 2500 - 628 10.00 - 1.92
20 RAJASTHAN 8000 3000 - 32.00 12.00 9.29
21 SIKKIM 500 - - 2.00 - -
22 TAMIL NADU 110000 49500 47600* 440.00 198.00 99.00
23 TRIPURA 738 - - 2.95 - 1.60
24 UTRTAR PRADESH 3750 - - 15.00 - -
25 WEST BENGAL 7500 7500 2596 30.00 30.00 11.75
26 UT LAKSHWADEEP 12 - - 0.05 - -
TOTAL 625000 234000 143741 2500.00 936.00 412.88**
* Progress against current year Kutir Jyoti programme.
** Includes grant released against spillover programme.
Chapter IV Para 12.01
DETAILS OF PROJECTWISE APPROVED COST, ACTUAL UPTO 3/96, VIS-A-VIS OUTLAY FOR
1996-97 & 1997-98
NATIONAL THERMAL POWER CORPORATION LTD. (Rs. IN LACS)
PROJECT COST ACTUAL 1996-97 1997-98 COMM. SCHEDULE
SL. NAME OF EXP.
NO. PROJ./SCHEME CAP ORIG. REVISED LATEST 03/96 BE RE BE 1996-97 1997-98
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.
A. SCHEMES COMPLETED BY 31-3-92
1 SINGRAULI-I & II 2000 75003 119069 119069 109378 1511 237 730 87/88 87/88
2 KORBA-I & II 2100 90878 162525 171907 151424 1413 1508 1592 88/89 88/89
3 RAMAGUNDAM-I & II 2100 96103 205922 217763 214145 299 1046 117 89/90 89/90
4 FARAKKA-I 600 29060 68975 68975 68961 329 14 0 87/88 87/88
5 VINDHYACHAL-I 1260 91157 146037 154655 142445 746 710 430 90/91 90/91
6 RIHAND-I 1000 103300 238740 238925 226927 657 1222 856 89/90 89/90
7 ANTA GAS-I 419 26503 41897 44378 44291 295 150 18 89/90 89/90
8 AURAIYA GAS-I 663 37167 67877 73363 72116 271 1062 216 90/91 90/91
SUB TOTAL (A) 10142 549171 1051042 1089035 1029687 5521 5949 3959
B. SCHEMES COMPLETED BY 31-3-96
9 FARAKKA-II 1000 86848 245329 240192 223797 9161 6616 4713 93/94 93/94
10 NCTPP (DADRI)-I 840 106360 166921 168502 161289 4329 2244 2158 93/94 93/94
11 UNCHAHAR-I 420 92500 92500 94801 92324 1223 925 829 91/92 91/92
12 KAWAS GAS-I 656 37398 159957 162184 152507 494 8784 1177 92/93 92/93
13 DADRI GAS-I 830 78344 96035 95385 85296 4393 8401 327 93/94 93/94
14 GANDHAR GAS-I 657 165630 250000 244559 233025 2751 5917 2060 94/95 94/95
15 KAHALGAON-I 840 88416 171589 211085 189372 5494 5336 3893 96/97 96/97
16 TALCHER-I 1000 140404 259218 266015 225727 9209 20056 2498 95/96 95/96
17 TALCHER TTPS 460 35600 35600 55519 38320 7820 2410 5885 95/96 95/96
SUB TOTAL (B) 6703 831500 1477149 1538242 1401657 44874 60689 23540
C. APPROVED & ONGOING SCHEMES AS ON 1-4-96
18 FARAKKA-III 500 60365 60365 60365 0 0 0 0 2001/02
19 VINDHYACHAL-II 1000 9800 275338 278300 23732 32733 28553 45281 2000/01 2000/01
20 KAYAMKULAM-I 400 131058 131058 107630 2212 17057 13049 24114 2000/01 1999/2000
21 UNCHAHAR-II 420 127951 127951 151598 14984 29830 23280 37389 1999/2000 2000/2001
SUB TOTAL (C) 2320 329174 594712 597893 40928 79620 64882 106784
D. NEW SCHEMES
1 FARIDABAD GAS 400 116360 588 11956 12000 18000 98/99 2000/2001
2 TALCHER-II 2000 628230 0 46433 25 32500 - 2004/2005
3 SIMHADRI 1000 365079 0 500 25 20000 01/02 2003/2004
4 SEEPAT 2000 693350 0 0 0 100 - 2006/2007
5 RIHAND-II 1000 304570 0 100 0 25 - -
6 KAWAS-II 650 208600 0 100 0 25 - 2001/2002
7 HYDERABAD METRO 650 192018 0 500 0 25 - -
8 RAMAGUNDAM-III 500 143545 0 100 0 25 - 2004/2005
9 SOUTH OF MADRAS 2000 693350 0 0 0 5 2006/2007
10 ANTA GAS-II 650 192000 0 0 0 0 2003/2004
11 AURAIYA GAS-II 650 192000 0 0 0 0
12 IB VALLEY 1000 300000 0 0 0 0
13 NORTH KARANPURA 1000 300000 0 0 0 0
14 MANGALORE-I 420 113795 791 0 0 0
15 YAMUNA NAGAR 840 219815 532 0 0 0
16 GODAVARI-I 200 75998 711 0 0 0
17 OTHER UNIDENTI-
PROJECTS 2000 700000 0 50 0 10
18 JOINT VENTURE 10000 0 500 849 1895
TOTAL 16960 0 0 5448710 2622 60239 12899 72610
E. TOTAL (A TO D) 36126 1709846 3122903 8673880 2474894 190264 144419 206893
F. MISCELLANEOUS CAPITAL EXP. 6694 11443 44400 18643 4736 3811 6367
GRAND TOTAL (E & F) 36126 1716639 3134346 8718280 2493637 194989 148230 212260
Note: All the projects from Sl. No. 1 to 17 (A & B) have been in commercial operation prior to 1996-97.
Chapter IV Para 11.2.9
NHPC PERFORMANCE AGAINST TARGETS MENTIONED IN MOU FOR THE YEAR 1995-96 (AUDITED)
SL. PERFORMANCE INDICATORS UNIT WEIGHT PERFORMANCE RATING Actual per- SCORE OBTAINED
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. RAW COMPOSIT
1 GENERATION MU 15% 6100 5590 5478 5368 5261 6140.00 1 0.15
2 MACHINE AVAILABILITY % 7% 88 85 85 83 81 85.30 1.90 0.13
3 FINANCIAL PARAMETERS
A) GROSS MARGIN 30% 427.03 426.38 425.81 425.23 424.72 433.38 1 0.30
(RS. IN CRORES)
B) NET PROFIT AS PERCENTAGE 30% 2.27 2.25 2.24 2.22 2.20 2.254 1.80 0.54
OF CAPITAL EMPLOYED
4 PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION NOS 10% 50 45 40 35 30 45 2 0.20
ACHIEVEMENT OF MILESTONES
5 COMPLETION OF 6 NOS TARIFF % 1% 60 50 40 30 20 67 1 0.01
AGREEMENT & OPENING OF LC
6 ENVIRONMENT (CATCHMENT Rs. in 1% 2.8 2.5 2.2 1.9 1.6 2.8 1 0.01
AREA TREATMENT) Crores
7 REHABILITATION OF AFFECTED NOS 1% 80 70 60 50 40 80 1 0.01
PERSONS (TRAINING FAMILIES)
8 HRD PROGRAMME Man-days 2% 3400 3200 3000 2800 2600 3520 1 0.02
9 TIMELY SUBMISSION OF DRAFT 2% Before Before Before Before Before Before 1 0.02
MOU FOR 1996-97 AFTER DUE 08.12.95 15.12.95 22.12.95 29.12.95 05.01.96 08.12.95
DISCUSSION WITH ADMN. DEPTT.
10 TIMELY SUBMISSION OF PERFORMANCE 1% Before Before Before Before Before Before 1 0.01
EVALUATION REPORT (COMPOSITE 30.04.95 02.05.95 04.05.95 06.05.95 08.05.95 30.04.95
SCORE) FOR THE 1994-95 MOU’S
ON THE BASIS OF THE PROVISIONAL
DATA 100% 1.40
Chapter IV Para 11.5.5
POWERGRID CORPORATION OF INDIA LIMITED
DETAILS OF PROJECT WISE COST ESTIMATES EXPENDITURE/BE & RE 1996-97 AND BE 1997-98
A. COMPLETED SCHEMES FOR WHICH NO PLAN OUTLAY REQUIRED
1. SINGRAULI TL I&II 01/78, 07/79 01/87 25605 23782 23782 86/87 86/87
2 KORBA TL I&II 04/78, 09/81 08/90 24854 24392 24392 89/90 89/90
3. FARAKKA TL I 03/79 03/91 6990 6970 6970 87/88 87/88
4. VINDHYACHAL TL I 06/82 11/90 31292 28614 28614 90/91 90/91
5. ANTA TL I 10/86 03/95 6541 7284 7284 89/90 89/90
6. JEYPORE-TALCHER TL 05/92 12040 11767 11767 89/90 89/90
7. KAWAS TL I 10/86 3686 2778 2778 89/90 89/90
8. AURAIYA TL I 10/86 03/95 12013 12084 12084 90/91 90/91
9. TANAKPUR-BARELLY TL 08/84 1155 2046 2046 91/92 91/92
10. CHUKA TL 13048 13909 13909
11. FARAKKA TL II 09/84 04/95 26673 27386 27386 8/94 8/94
12. C.T.P. I 01/84, 08/87 06/93 51650 53125 53125 91/92 91/92
13. KAKARAPAR TL 01/91 5700 5317 5317 10/93 10/93
TOTAL (A) 221247 219454 219454 0 0 0 0
B. COMPLETED SCHEMES
1. RIHAND TL I 03/85 04/95 146058 146902 145177 1725 93/94 93/94
2. CHAMERA-MOGA TL 04/84 10/95 28598 24955 24901 52 54 4/94 4/94
3. KAHALGAON TL I 07/85 22375 20656 20188 302 468 7/93 7/93
4. MOGA-BHIWANI TL 09/88 9516 14106 14057 49 04/95 04/95
5. TALCHER TL I 11/88 04/95 12479 14646 13239 1607 1302 105 3/95 3/95
6. SALAL-II TL 09/89 8639 11306 9981 140 39 6/94 6/94
7. TR. LINE ASSOC. WITH NLC II 08/86, 04/90 36774 42731 42599 132 6/95 6/95
TOTAL (B) 264439 275302 270142 2101 3769 105 0
C. ONGOING SCHEMES
1. KATHALGURI TL 01/87 02/95 68119 94190 67992 8792 9956 9537 13530 3/97 3/98
2. DULHASTI TL 12/92 13769 24302 13412 2507 3145 2260 66490 3/98 6/99
3. VINDHYACHAL ADDL. TL 06/89 33969 78152 34871 28709 26292 12160 14740 12/97 12/97
4. GANDHAR GAS TL I 02/92 20381 22880 21267 278 1427 186 186 12/95 5/97
5. URI TL 06/89 8610 24177 13754 4414 4572 2539 8450 9/96 12/96
6. RANGIT TL 04/90 05/95 4034 4291 3242 746 632 417 417 3/97 3/98
7. NATHPA-JHAKRI TL 04/89 88995 134743 26758 20577 26794 28915 106720 3/98 10/99
8. KOPILI-I EXTN. TL 05/93 2237 3442 25 216 76 1820 2160 6/97 6/98
9. CHAMERA 1-KISHENPUR TL04/93 6355 7904 5241 2599 1173 243 2320 6/96 4/97
10. KISHENPUR-MOGA TL 05/93 41771 71802 14765 15828 15505 16193 26000 3/98 3/99
11. RANGANADI TL (NEC) 04/87 4734 13340 6741 1959 1119 1277 6260 6/97 6/99
12. DOYANG TL (NEC) 03/85 05/93 6966 12162 10700 457 801 293 293 6/96 4/97
13. CHANDRAPUR HVDC B/B 11/93 90028 104619 61626 13120 23551 10695 53260 12/97 11/97
14. CTP-I AUGMENTATION IN SR 03/94 3857 2623 1938 377 545 140 380 10/96 10/96
15. CTP-I AUGMENTATION IN NR 03/94 885 630 334 64 296 10/96 10/96
16. CTP-I AUGMENTATION IN WR 03/94 630 505 297 41 208 10/96 10/96
17. AGARTALA GAS TL 10/93 1932 2021 145 329 331 1142 1480 3/98 3/99
18. BALIPARA-TENGA TL 03/94 2396 2396 6 104 2660 12/99 12/99
19. KAIGA APP TR SYSTEM 03/94 2903 4096 1891 1157 1136 740 970 6/97 5/98
20. TEHRI TL 03/94 42100 42100 398 1847 48 2715 53120 97/98
21. LD & C SOUTHERN REGION 02/95 62157 62517 936 1000 44810 3/2000 3/2000
22. LD & C NORTHERN REGION 03/95 47951 47951 1428 1400 44810 3/2000 3/2000
23. TANAKPUR-MAHENDRA NGR. 01/95 117 117 960
24. JEYPORE-GAJUWAKA HVDC B/B 02/95 65998 57540 9491 22142 12986 19144 54370 3/99 2/99
25. RAPP B 09/95 9780 11632 1033 5913 4879 3580 11600 5/97 2/99
26. NEYVELI BAHOOR TL 08/95 1108 1161 50 99 765 1470 6/97 3/98
27. LILO OF RHIAND-KANPUR 08/94 1281 317 219 59 3/96 3/96
DATEOFAPPROVAL CUMMUL APPROVED REVISED BUDGET IXTH SCH. OF COMISN
SL. NAMEOF APPROVED LATEST EXPENDED BUDGED BUDGED ESTIMATE PLAN
NO. PROJ/SCHEME STAGE ORIGINAL REVISED COST ESTI. UPTO ESTI. ESTI. 1997-98 OUTLAY 1996-97 LATEST
COST 03/96 1996-97 1996-97 PROPOSED
28. INSTALLATION OF FILTER 11/94 3070
29. AUGMENTATION OF NER 03/95 8357 10987 267 771 1627 3600 8920 9/98 3/99
30. VINDHYACHAL TL II 10/95 65771 65771 1127 5358 4515 23244 84220 03/99 10/99
31. KAYAMKULAM TL 02/96 8300 19029 2 2043 1191 10330 14590 2/98 3/99
32. FEROZ GANDHI UN II 04/96 16831 16831 300 360 1796 19240 98/99 1/2000
33. JALANDHAR-HAMIRPUR 12/95 4101 4101 100 6/99
34. SURVEY & INVESTIGATION 1997 1080 470
SUB TOTAL (C) 736423 947969 297536 146028 143329 156335 645076
D. NEW SCHEMES
1. LD & C NORTH EASTERN REGION 15894 100 100 600 44810 3/2001 3/2001
2. N-E HVDC B/B 56798 100 75 1500 62830 3/2002 3/2001
3. LD & C EASTERN REGION 58789 100 100 10 44810 3/2002 3/2000
4. LD & C WESTERN REGION 58789 100 100 10 44810 3/2002 3/2000
5. E-W INTER REGIONAL LINK 24000 10 10 10 5010 3/2001 3/2001
6. GRID STRENGTHENING SCHEMES 1200 200 300 12400 3/2002
(MALDA S/S & AIZWAL-AIZWAL LINE)
7. RIHAND TL II 89700 50 5 5 6/1999 3/2001
8. FARIDABAD GAS T I 17992 161 325 490 24630 3/2002 3/2002
9. RANGANADI-ALONG TL 7515 1010 15 210 5540 6/2002 3/2003
10. TALCHER-II TL II 29097 10 10 10 276390 3/2002
11. PROJECT IPP TL 442300 10 500 450 6840
12. RAMAGUNDAM-III III 38064 10 10 27390
13. DHAULIGANGA TL 4140 10 162 10 24090
14. LAND FOR CORP. CENTRE OFFICE COMPLEX 1500 1500 110
15. ADDL. TRANSFORMERS & REACTORS 67800 270
16. SUB-DISTRIBUTION IMPROVEMENT 6950 3280
17. KOEL KARO TL 46520 4450
18. TEESTA ST. III TL 238010 930
19. TEHRI TL ST. II (THDC) 18600 1850
20. KOTESHWAR TL (THDC) 21530 2390
21. HIGH CAPACITY N.E. LINK 342840 22480
22. TARAPUR APP TL 15210 140
23. ASSAM GAS-I TL 31340 680
24. KAMENG T.P. TL 10420 140
25. KAWAS-II TL 20470 13080
26. KAIGA EXTN. TL 6350 800
27. KUNDAMKULAM TL 74560 800
28. ANTA GAS-II TL 11570 11150
29. NLC EXTN. TL 6220 6210
30. RAJASTHAN APP TL 65800 140
SUB TOTAL (D) 0 845778 0 1871 2902 3615 648450
GRAND TOTAL 1000862 2069049 787132 150000 150000 160055 1293526
Chapter V Para 1.7
DETAILS OF PROJECT-WISE COST ESTIMATES/LATEST COST, EXPENDITURE UPTO MARCH, 1996 AND
B.E. 1996-97, R.E. 1996-97 & B.E. 1997-98
NATIONAL HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER CORPORATION LTD.
SR. NAME OF PROJECT/UNIT APPROVED CUMULATIVE ANNUAL REVISED ACTUAL ANNUAL TARGET
NO. COST/ EXPENDITURE BUDGET BUDGET EXPENDITURE BUDGET DATE OF
LATEST UPTO PROVISION PROVISION INCURRED PROVISION COMPLETION
COST 31.3.1996 FOR FOR UPTO DEC ’96 FOR
1996-97 1996-97 (DURING 96-97 1997-98
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
A. HYDRO-ELECTRIC PROJECTS
A.1 COMMISSIONED PROJECT
1. BAIRA-SIUL (198 MW) COMPLETED
2. LOKTAK (105 MW) COMPLETED
3. SALAL I (345 MW) COMPLETED
4. TANAKPUR (120 MW) 379.17 371.66 4.15 3.20 0.51 4.90 COMPLETED
5. CHAMERA I (540 MW) 2114.02 2022.45 10.02 22.14 3.68 8.05 COMPLETED
6. SALAL II (345 MW) 307.68 251.00 15.07 14.43 12.46 2.28 COMPLETED
A.2 ON GOING PROJECTS
1. URI (480 MW) 3139.46 2688.10 203.76 265.52 156.12 198.85 MAY 1997
2. DULHASTI (390 MW) 3559.77 1346.05 364.25 347.23 136.94 440.08 MARCH 2001
3. RANGIT (60 MW) 371.63 161.17 98.00 62.98 33.74 71.55 MARCH 1999
A.3 NEW SCHEMES
1. DHAULIGANGA (280 MW) 1881.49 17.01 49.22 25.34 14.60 65.03 SEPT. 2004
2. KOEL KARO (710 MW) 2400.31 15.69 55.62 5.62 2.18 5.00
A.4 UNAPPROVED SCHEMES
1. CHAMERA-II (300 MW) 2850.00 19.24 334.00 3.78 2.11 95.00 6YRS. AFTER
2. TEESTA STAGE0-V 0.00 0.00 .0.00 0.00 5.00
3. BAGLIHAR (450 MW) 16.75 0.00 0.00 2.15 0.00
4. SAWALKOT (600 MW) 8.45 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.00
B. RENOVATION OF POWER HOUSE 11.78 1.43 1.73 0.00 2.11
C. SURVEY & INVESTIGATION 18.81 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.50
6948.16 1136.02 751.97 365.54 898.35
MGIPF—593 M/o Power/96. – 1.300 – 5-3-97